Copyright

Preface

Effective Use of the International Fire Code

Ordinance

Chapter 1 Scope and Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 General Requirements

Chapter 4 Emergency Planning and Preparedness

Chapter 5 Fire Service Features

Chapter 6 Building Services and Systems

Chapter 7 Fire-Resistance-Rated Construction

Chapter 8 Interior Finish, Decorative Materials and Furnishings

Chapter 9 Fire Protection Systems

Chapter 10 Means of Egress

Chapter 11 Aviation Facilities

Chapter 12 Dry Cleaning

Chapter 13 Combustible Dust-Producing Operations

Chapter 14 Fire Safety During Construction and Demolition

Chapter 15 Flammable Finishes

Chapter 16 Fruit and Crop Ripening

Chapter 17 Fumigation and Thermal Insecticidal Fogging

Chapter 18 Semiconductor Fabrication Facilities

Chapter 19 Lumber Yards and Woodworking Facilities

Chapter 20 Manufacture of Organic Coatingsmanufacture of Organic Coatings

Chapter 21 Industrial Ovens

Chapter 22 Motor Fuel-Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages

Chapter 23 High-Piled Combustible Storage

Chapter 24 Tents and Other Membrane Structures

Chapter 25 Tire Rebuilding and Tire Storage

Chapter 26 Welding and Other Hot Work

Chapter 27 Hazardous Materials - General Provisions

Chapter 28 Aerosols

Chapter 29 Combustible Fibers

Chapter 30 Compressed Gases

Chapter 31 Corrosive Materials

Chapter 32 Cryogenic Fluids

Chapter 33 Explosives and Fireworks

Chapter 34 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

Chapter 35 Flammable Gases and Flammable Cryogenic Fluids

Chapter 36 Flammable Solids

Chapter 37 Highly Toxic and Toxic Materials

Chapter 38 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

Chapter 39 Organic Peroxides

Chapter 40 Oxidizers, Oxidizing Gases and Oxidizing Cryogenic Fluids

Chapter 41 Pyrophoric Materials

Chapter 42 Pyroxylin (Cellulose Nitrate) Plastics

Chapter 43 Unstable (Reactive) Materials

Chapter 44 Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids

Chapter 45 Marinas

Chapter 46 Construction Requirements for Existing Buildings

Chapter 47 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Board of Appeals

Appendix B Fire-Flow Requirements for Buildings

Appendix C Fire Hydrant Locations and Distribution

Appendix D Fire Apparatus Access Roads

Appendix E Hazard Categories

Appendix F Hazard Ranking

Appendix G Cryogenic Fluids— Weight and Volume Equivalents

Appendix H Hazardous Materials Management Plan (HMMP) and Hazardous Materials Inventory Statement (HMIS) Instructions

Appendix I Fire Protection Systems—noncompliant Conditions

Appendix J Emergency Responder Radio Coverage

Semiconductor fabrication facilities and comparable research and development areas classified as Group H-5 shall comply with this chapter and the International Building Code. The use, storage and handling of hazardous materials in Group H-5 shall comply with this chapter, other applicable provisions of this code and the International Building Code.
The requirements set forth in this chapter are requirements specific only to Group H-5 and shall be applied as exceptions or additions to applicable requirements set forth elsewhere in this code.
Where a material poses multiple hazards, all hazards shall be addressed in accordance with Section 2701.1.
Existing buildings and existing fabrication areas shall comply with this chapter, except that transportation and handling of HPM in exit access corridors and exit enclosures shall be allowed when in compliance with Section 1805.3.2 and the International Building Code.
Permits shall be required as set forth in Section 105.6.

The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this chapter and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

CONTINUOUS GAS DETECTION SYSTEM. A gas detection system where the analytical instrument is maintained in continuous operation and sampling is performed without interruption. Analysis is allowed to be performed on a cyclical basis at intervals not to exceed 30 minutes.

EMERGENCY CONTROL STATION. An approved location on the premises where signals from emergency equipment are received and which is staffed by trained personnel.

FABRICATION AREA. An area within a semiconductor fabrication facility and related research and development areas in which there are processes using hazardous production materials. Such areas are allowed to include ancillary rooms or areas such as dressing rooms and offices that are directly related to the fabrication area processes.

HAZARDOUS PRODUCTION MATERIAL (HPM). A solid, liquid or gas associated with semiconductor manufacturing that has a degree-of-hazard rating in health, flammability or instability of Class 3 or 4 as ranked by NFPA 704 and which is used directly in research, laboratory or production processes which have, as their end product, materials that are not hazardous.

HPM FLAMMABLE LIQUID. An HPM liquid that is defined as either a Class I flammable liquid or a Class II or Class IIIA combustible liquid.

HPM ROOM. A room used in conjunction with or serving a Group H-5 occupancy, where HPM is stored or used and which is classified as a Group H-2, H-3 or H-4 occupancy.

PASS-THROUGH. An enclosure installed in a wall with a door on each side that allows chemicals, HPM, equipment, and parts to be transferred from one side of the wall to the other.

SEMICONDUCTOR FABRICATION FACILITY. A building or a portion of a building in which electrical circuits or devices are created on solid crystalline substances having electrical conductivity greater than insulators but less than conductors. These circuits or devices are commonly known as semiconductors.

SERVICE CORRIDOR. A fully enclosed passage used for transporting HPM and purposes other than required means of egress.

TOOL. A device, storage container, workstation or process machine used in a fabrication area.

WORKSTATION. A defined space or an independent principal piece of equipment using HPM within a fabrication area where a specific function, laboratory procedure or research activity occurs. Approved or listed hazardous materials storage cabinets, flammable liquid storage cabinets or gas cabinets serving a workstation are included as part of the workstation. A workstation is allowed to contain ventilation equipment, fire protection devices, detection devices, electrical devices and other processing and scientific equipment.

An emergency control station shall be provided in accordance with Sections 1803.1.1 through 1803.1.3.
The emergency control station shall be located on the premises at an approved location outside the fabrication area.
Trained personnel shall continuously staff the emergency control station.

The emergency control station shall receive signals from emergency equipment and alarm and detection systems. Such emergency equipment and alarm and detection systems shall include, but not be limited to, the following where such equipment or systems are required to be provided either in this chapter or elsewhere in this code:

1. Automatic sprinkler system alarm and monitoring systems.

2. Manual fire alarm systems.

3. Emergency alarm systems.

4. Continuous gas detection systems.

5. Smoke detection systems.

6. Emergency power system.

7. Automatic detection and alarm systems for pyrophoric liquids and Class 3 water-reactive liquids required by Section 1805.2.3.4.

8. Exhaust ventilation flow alarm devices for pyrophoric liquids and Class 3 water-reactive liquids cabinet exhaust ventilation systems required by Section 1805.2.3.4.

Systems, equipment and processes shall be in accordance with Sections 1803.2.1 through 1803.2.3.2.
Systems, equipment and processes shall include, but not be limited to, containers, cylinders, tanks, piping, tubing, valves and fittings.
In addition to the requirements in Section 1803.2, systems, equipment and processes shall also comply with Section 2703.2, other applicable provisions of this code, the International Building Code and the International Mechanical Code.
In addition to the requirements in Section 1803.2, HPM supply piping and tubing for HPM gases and liquids shall comply with this section.
The requirements set forth in Section 2703.2.2.2 shall apply to supply piping and tubing for HPM gases and liquids.
Supply piping and tubing for HPM gases and liquids having a health-hazard ranking of 3 or 4 shall be welded throughout, except for connections located within a ventilation enclosure if the material is a gas, or an approved method of drainage or containment provided for connections if the material is a liquid.
Construction of semiconductor fabrication facilities shall be in accordance with Sections 1803.3.1 through 1803.3.9.
Construction and location of fabrication areas shall comply with the International Building Code.
Pass-throughs in exit access corridors shall be constructed in accordance with the International Building Code.
Liquid storage rooms shall comply with Chapter 34 and the International Building Code.
HPM rooms shall comply with the International Building Code.
Gas cabinets shall comply with Section 2703.8.6.
Exhausted enclosures shall comply with Section 2703.8.5.
Gas rooms shall comply with Section 2703.8.4.
Service corridors shall comply with Section 1805.3 and the International Building Code.
Cabinets in fabrication areas containing pyrophoric liquids or Class 3 water-reactive liquids in containers or in amounts greater than 1/2 gallon (2 L) shall comply with Section 1805.2.3.4.
An emergency plan shall be established as set forth in Section 408.4.
Maintenance of equipment, machinery and processes shall comply with Section 2703.2.6.
Areas shall be secured in accordance with Section 2703.9.2.
Electrical wiring and equipment in HPM facilities shall comply with Sections 1803.7.1 through 1803.7.3.
Electrical wiring and equipment in fabrication areas shall comply with NFPA 70.

Electrical equipment and devices within 5 feet (1524 mm) of workstations in which flammable or pyrophoric gases or flammable liquids are used shall comply with NFPA 70 for Class I, Division 2 hazardous locations. Workstations shall not be energized without adequate exhaust ventilation in accordance with Section 1803.14.

Exception: Class I, Division 2 hazardous electrical equipment is not required when the air removal from the workstation or dilution will prevent the accumulation of flammable vapors and fumes on a continuous basis.

Electrical wiring and equipment in HPM rooms, gas rooms and liquid storage rooms shall comply with NFPA 70.
Hazardous materials shall not be used or stored in exit access corridors or exit access enclosures.
Hazardous materials shall not be used in an open-system use condition in service corridors.
An approved automatic sprinkler system shall be provided in accordance with Sections 1803.10.1 through 1803.10.5 and Chapter 9.
The design of the sprinkler system in the area shall take into consideration the spray pattern and the effect on the equipment.

A sprinkler head shall be installed within each branch exhaust connection or individual plenums of workstations of combustible construction. The sprinkler head in the exhaust connection or plenum shall be located not more than 2 feet (610 mm) from the point of the duct connection or the connection to the plenum. When necessary to prevent corrosion, the sprinkler head and connecting piping in the duct shall be coated with approved or listed corrosion-resistant materials. The sprinkler head shall be accessible for periodic inspection.

Exceptions:

1. Approved alternative automatic fire-extinguishing systems are allowed. Activation of such systems shall deactivate the related processing equipment.

2. Process equipment which operates at temperatures exceeding 932°F (500°C) and is provided with automatic shutdown capabilities for hazardous materials.

3. Exhaust ducts 10 inches (254 mm) or less in diameter from flammable gas storage cabinets that are part of a workstation.

4. Ducts listed or approved for use without internal automatic sprinkler protection.

Where the horizontal surface of a combustible tool is obstructed from ceiling sprinkler discharge, automatic sprinkler protection that covers the horizontal surface of the tool shall be provided.

Exceptions:

1. An automatic gaseous fire-extinguishing local surface application system shall be allowed as an alternative to sprinklers. Gaseous-extinguishing systems shall be actuated by infrared (IR) or ultraviolet/infrared (UV/IR) optical detectors.

2. Tools constructed of materials that are listed or approved for use without internal fire extinguishing system protection.

An approved automatic sprinkler system shall be provided in gas cabinets and exhausted enclosures containing HPM compressed gases.

Exception: Gas cabinets located in an HPM room other than those cabinets containing pyrophoric gases.

Pass-throughs in existing exit access corridors shall be protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system.
An approved automatic sprinkler system shall be provided in exhaust ducts conveying gases, vapors, fumes, mists or dusts generated from HPM in accordance with this section and the International Mechanical Code.

An approved automatic sprinkler system shall be provided in metallic and noncombustible nonmetallic exhaust ducts when all of the following conditions apply:

1. When the largest cross-sectional diameter is equal to or greater than 10 inches (254 mm).

2. The ducts are within the building.

3. The ducts are conveying flammable gases, vapors or fumes.

An approved automatic sprinkler system shall be provided in combustible nonmetallic exhaust ducts when the largest cross-sectional diameter of the duct is equal to or greater than 10 inches (254 mm).

Exceptions:

1. Ducts listed or approved for applications without automatic sprinkler system protection.

2. Ducts not more than 12 feet (3658 mm) in length installed below ceiling level.

Automatic fire-extinguishing system protection for exhaust connections and plenums of combustible workstations shall comply with Section 1803.10.1.1.
Automatic sprinklers installed in exhaust duct systems shall be hydraulically designed to provide 0.5 gallons per minute (gpm) (1.9 L/min) over an area derived by multiplying the distance between the sprinklers in a horizontal duct by the width of the duct. Minimum discharge shall be 20 gpm (76 L/min) per sprinkler from the five hydraulically most remote sprinklers.
Automatic sprinklers shall be installed at 12-foot (3658 mm) intervals in horizontal ducts and at changes in direction. In vertical runs, automatic sprinklers shall be installed at the top and at alternate floor levels.
A separate indicating control valve shall be provided for sprinklers installed in exhaust ducts.
Drainage shall be provided to remove sprinkler water discharged in exhaust ducts.
Where corrosive atmospheres exist, exhaust duct sprinklers and pipe fittings shall be manufactured of corrosion- resistant materials or coated with approved materials.
Sprinklers in exhaust ducts shall be accessible for periodic inspection and maintenance.
Automatic sprinkler systems shall be electrically supervised and provided with alarms in accordance with Chapter 9. Automatic sprinkler system alarm and supervisory signals shall be transmitted to the emergency control station.
A manual fire alarm system shall be installed throughout buildings containing a Group H-5 occupancy. Activation of the alarm system shall initiate a local alarm and transmit a signal to the emergency control station. Manual fire alarm systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with Section 907.
Emergency alarm systems shall be provided in accordance with Sections 1803.12.1 through 1803.12.3, Section 2704.9 and Section 2705.4.4. The maximum allowable quantity per control area provisions of Section 2704.1 shall not apply to emergency alarm systems required for HPM.
Emergency alarm systems shall be provided in the areas indicated in Sections 1803.12.1.1 through 1803.12.1.3.
An approved emergency alarm system shall be provided in service corridors, with at least one alarm device in the service corridor.
Emergency alarms for exit access corridors and exit enclosures shall comply with Section 2705.4.4.
Emergency alarms for liquid storage rooms, HPM rooms and gas rooms shall comply with Section 2704.9.
An approved emergency telephone system, local alarm manual pull stations, or other approved alarm-initiating devices are allowed to be used as emergency alarm-initiating devices.
Activation of the emergency alarm system shall sound a local alarm and transmit a signal to the emergency control station.
A continuous gas detection system shall be provided for HPM gases when the physiological warning threshold level of the gas is at a higher level than the accepted permissible exposure limit (PEL) for the gas and for flammable gases in accordance with Sections 1803.13.1 through 1803.13.2.2.
A continuous gas detection system shall be provided in the areas identified in Sections 1803.13.1.1 through 1803.13.1.4.
A continuous gas detection system shall be provided in fabrication areas when gas is used in the fabrication area.
A continuous gas detection system shall be provided in HPM rooms when gas is used in the room.
A continuous gas detection system shall be provided in gas cabinets and exhausted enclosures. A continuous gas detection system shall be provided in gas rooms when gases are not located in gas cabinets or exhausted enclosures.

When gases are transported in piping placed within the space defined by the walls of a corridor and the floor or roof above the corridor, a continuous gas detection system shall be provided where piping is located and in the corridor.

Exception: A continuous gas detection system is not required for occasional transverse crossings of the corridors by supply piping which is enclosed in a ferrous pipe or tube for the width of the corridor.

The continuous gas detection system shall be capable of monitoring the room, area or equipment in which the gas is located at or below all the following gas concentrations:

1. Immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH) values when the monitoring point is within an exhausted enclosure, ventilated enclosure or gas cabinet.

2. Permissible exposure limit (PEL) levels when the monitoring point is in an area outside an exhausted enclosure, ventilated enclosure or gas cabinet.

3. For flammable gases, the monitoring detection threshold level shall be vapor concentrations in excess of 25 percent of the lower flammable limit (LFL) when the monitoring is within or outside an exhausted enclosure, ventilated enclosure or gas cabinet.

4. Except as noted in this section, monitoring for highly toxic and toxic gases shall also comply with Chapter 37.

The gas detection system shall initiate a local alarm and transmit a signal to the emergency control station when a short-term hazard condition is detected. The alarm shall be both visible and audible and shall provide warning both inside and outside the area where the gas is detected. The audible alarm shall be distinct from all other alarms.

The gas detection system shall automatically close the shutoff valve at the source on gas supply piping and tubing related to the system being monitored for which gas is detected when a short-term hazard condition is detected. Automatic closure of shutoff valves shall comply with the following:

1. Where the gas-detection sampling point initiating the gas detection system alarm is within a gas cabinet or exhausted enclosure, the shutoff valve in the gas cabinet or exhausted enclosure for the specific gas detected shall automatically close.

2. Where the gas-detection sampling point initiating the gas detection system alarm is within a room and compressed gas containers are not in gas cabinets or exhausted enclosure, the shutoff valves on all gas lines for the specific gas detected shall automatically close.

3. Where the gas-detection sampling point initiating the gas detection system alarm is within a piping distribution manifold enclosure, the shutoff valve supplying the manifold for the compressed gas container of the specific gas detected shall automatically close.

Exception: Where the gas-detection sampling point initiating the gas detection system alarm is at the use location or within a gas valve enclosure of a branch line downstream of a piping distribution manifold, the shutoff valve for the branch line located in the piping distribution manifold enclosure shall automatically close.

Exhaust ventilation systems and materials for exhaust ducts utilized for the exhaust of HPM shall comply with Sections 1803.14.1 through 1803.14.3, other applicable provisions of this code, the International Building Code and the International Mechanical Code.

Exhaust ventilation systems shall be provided in the following locations in accordance with the requirements of this section and the International Building Code:

1. Fabrication areas: Exhaust ventilation for fabrication areas shall comply with the International Building Code. The fire code official is authorized to require additional manual control switches.

2. Workstations: A ventilation system shall be provided to capture and exhaust gases, fumes and vapors at workstations.

3. Liquid storage rooms: Exhaust ventilation for liquid storage rooms shall comply with Section 2704.3.1 and the International Building Code.

4. HPM rooms: Exhaust ventilation for HPM rooms shall comply with Section 2704.3.1 and the International Building Code.

5. Gas cabinets: Exhaust ventilation for gas cabinets shall comply with Section 2703.8.6.2. The gas cabinet ventilation system is allowed to connect to a workstation ventilation system. Exhaust ventilation for gas cabinets containing highly toxic or toxic gases shall also comply with Chapter 37.

6. Exhausted enclosures: Exhaust ventilation for exhausted enclosures shall comply with Section 2703.8.5.2. Exhaust ventilation for exhausted enclosures containing highly toxic or toxic gases shall also comply with Chapter 37.

7. Gas rooms: Exhaust ventilation for gas rooms shall comply with Section 2703.8.4.2. Exhaust ventilation for gas rooms containing highly toxic or toxic gases shall also comply with Chapter 37.

8. Cabinets containing pyrophoric liquids or Class 3 water-reactive liquids: Exhaust ventilation for cabinets in fabrication areas containing pyrophoric liquids or Class 3 water-reactive liquids shall be as required in Section 1805.2.3.4.

Exhaust ducts penetrating fire barrier assemblies shall be contained in a shaft of equivalent fire-resistance-rated construction. Exhaust ducts shall not penetrate fire walls. Fire dampers shall not be installed in exhaust ducts.
Treatment systems for highly toxic and toxic gases shall comply with Chapter 37.
An emergency power system shall be provided in Group H-5 occupancies where required by Section 604. The emergency power system shall be designed to supply power automatically to required electrical systems when the normal supply system is interrupted.

Emergency power shall be provided for electrically operated equipment and connected control circuits for the following systems:

1. HPM exhaust ventilation systems.

2. HPM gas cabinet ventilation systems.

3. HPM exhausted enclosure ventilation systems.

4. HPM gas room ventilation systems.

5. HPM gas detection systems.

6. Emergency alarm systems.

7. Manual fire alarm systems.

8. Automatic sprinkler system monitoring and alarm systems.

9. Automatic alarm and detection systems for pyrophoric liquids and Class 3 water-reactive liquids required in Section 1805.2.3.4.

10. Flow alarm switches for pyrophoric liquids and Class 3 water-reactive liquids cabinet exhaust ventilation systems required in Section 1805.2.3.4.

11. Electrically operated systems required elsewhere in this code or in the International Building Code applicable to the use, storage or handling of HPM.

Exhaust ventilation systems are allowed to be designed to operate at not less than one-half the normal fan speed on the emergency power system when it is demonstrated that the level of exhaust will maintain a safe atmosphere.
Storage of hazardous materials shall comply with Section 1803 and this section and other applicable provisions of this code.
Hazardous materials storage and the maximum quantities of hazardous materials in use and storage allowed in fabrication areas shall be in accordance with Sections 1804.2.1 through 1804.2.2.1.

Storage of HPM in fabrication areas shall be within approved or listed storage cabinets, gas cabinets, exhausted enclosures or within a workstation as follows.

1. Flammable and combustible liquid storage cabinets shall comply with Section 3404.3.2.

2. Hazardous materials storage cabinets shall comply with Section 2703.8.7.

3. Gas cabinets shall comply with Section 2703.8.6. Gas cabinets for highly toxic or toxic gases shall also comply with Section 3704.1.2.

4. Exhausted enclosures shall comply with Section 2703.8.5. Exhausted enclosures for highly toxic or toxic gases shall also comply with Section 3704.1.3.

5. Workstations shall comply with Section 1805.2.3.

The aggregate quantities of hazardous materials stored or used in a single fabrication area shall be limited as specified in this section.

Exception: Fabrication areas containing quantities of hazardous materials not exceeding the maximum allowable quantities per control area established by Sections 2703.1.1, 3404.3.4 and 3404.3.5.

The maximum quantities of hazardous materials stored or used in a single fabrication area shall not exceed the quantities set forth in Table 1804.2.2.1.

TABLE 1804.2.2.1
QUANTITY LIMITS FOR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS IN A SINGLE FABRICATION AREA IN GROUP H-5
a

HAZARD CATEGORY

SOLIDS
(pounds/square foot)

LIQUIDS
(gallons/square foot)

GAS
(cubic feet@NTP/square foot)

PHYSICAL-HAZARD MATERIALS

Combustible dust

Note b

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Combustible fiber
Loose
Baled


Note b
Notes b, c

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Combustible liquid
Class II
Class IIIA
Class IIIB
Combination Class I, II and IIIA

Not Applicable


0.01
0.02
Not Limited
0.04

Not Applicable

Cryogenic gas
Flammable
Oxidizing

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Note d

1.25

Explosives

Note b

Note b

Note b

Flammable gas
Gaseous
Liquefied

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Note d

Note d

Flammable liquid
Class IA
Class IB
Class IC
Combination Class IA, IB and IC
Combination Class I, II and IIIA

Not
Applicable


0.0025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.04

Not Applicable

Flammable solid

0.001

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

(continued)

TABLE 1804.2.2.1—continued
QUANTITY LIMITS FOR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS IN A SINGLE FABRICATION AREA IN GROUP H-5
a

HAZARD CATEGORY

SOLIDS
(pounds/square foot)

LIQUIDS
(gallons/square foot)

GAS
(cubic feet@NTP/square foot)

PHYSICAL-HAZARD MATERIALS

Organic peroxide
Unclassified detonable
Class I
Class II
Class III
Class IV
Class V


Note b
Note b
0.025
0.1
Not Limited
Not Limited

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Oxidizing gas
Gaseous
Liquefied
Combination of Gaseous and Liquefied

Not Applicable

Not Applicable


1.25
1.25
1.25

Oxidizer
Class 4
Class 3
Class 2
Class 1
Combination oxidizer Class 1, 2, 3


Note b
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.003


Note b
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03

Not
Applicable

Pyrophoric

Note b

0.00125

Notes d and e

Unstable reactive
Class 4
Class 3
Class 2
Class 1


Note b
0.025
0.1
Not Limited


Note b
0.0025
0.01
Not Limited

Note b
Note b
Note b
Not Limited

Water reactive
Class 3
Class 2
Class 1


Note b
0.25
Not Limited


0.00125
0.025
Not Limited

Not
Applicable

HEALTH-HAZARD MATERIALS

Corrosives

Not Limited

Not Limited

Not Limited

Highly toxics

Not Limited

Not Limited

Note d

Toxics

Not Limited

Not Limited

Note d

For SI: 1 pound per square foot = 4.882 kg/m2, 1 gallon per square foot = 40.7 L/m2, 1 cubic foot @ NTP/square foot = 0.305 m3 @NTP/m2,
1 cubic foot = 0.02832 m3.

a. Hazardous materials within piping shall not be included in the calculated quantities.

b. Quantity of hazardous materials in a single fabrication area shall not exceed the maximum allowable quantities per control area in Tables 2703.1.1(1) and 2703.1.1(2).

c. Densely packed baled cotton that complies with the packing requirements of ISO 8115 shall not be included in this material class.

d. The aggregate quantity of flammable, pyrophoric, toxic and highly toxic gases shall not exceed 9,000 cubic feet at NTP.

e. The aggregate quantity of pyrophoric gases in the building shall not exceed the amounts set forth in Table 2703.8.2.

The indoor storage of hazardous materials outside of fabrication areas shall be in accordance with Sections 1804.3.1 through 1804.3.3.
The indoor storage of HPM in quantities greater than those listed in Sections 2703.1.1 and 3404.3.4 shall be in a room complying with the requirements of the International Building Code and this code for a liquid storage room, HPM room or gas room as appropriate for the materials stored.
The indoor storage of other hazardous materials shall comply with Sections 2701, 2703 and 2704 and other applicable provisions of this code.
Incompatible hazardous materials in storage shall be separated from each other in accordance with Section 2703.9.8.
The use and handling of hazardous materials shall comply with this section, Section 1803 and other applicable provisions of this code.
The use of hazardous materials in fabrication areas shall be in accordance with Sections 1805.2.1 through 1805.2.3.4.
Hazardous production materials in use in fabrication areas shall be within approved or listed gas cabinets, exhausted enclosures or a workstation.

The aggregate quantities of hazardous materials in a single fabrication area shall comply with Section 1804.2.2, and Table 1804.2.2.1. The quantity of HPM in use at a workstation shall not exceed the quantities listed in Table 1805.2.2.

TABLE 1805.2.2
MAXIMUM QUANTITIES OF HPM AT A WORKSTATIONd

HPM CLASSIFICATION

STATE

MAXIMUM QUANTITY

Flammable, highly toxic, pyrophoric and toxic combined

Gas

Combined aggregate volume of all cylinders at a workstation shall not exceed an internal cylinder volume of 39.6 gallons or 5.29 cubic feet

Flammable

Liquid
Solid

15 gallonsa, b
5 poundsa, b

Corrosive

Gas




Liquid


Solid

Combined aggregate volume of all cylinders at a workstation shall not exceed an internal cylinder volume of 39.6 gallons or 5.29 cubic feet


Use-open system: 25 gallonsb

Use-closed system: 150 gallonsb, e

20 poundsa, b

Highly toxic

Liquid
Solid

15 gallonsa
5 poundsa

Oxidizer

Gas




Liquid


Solid

Combined aggregate volume of all cylinders at a workstation shall not exceed an internal cylinder volume of 39.6 gallons or 5.29 cubic feet


Use-open system: 12 gallonsb
Use-closed system: 60 gallonsb

20 poundsa, b

Pyrophoric

Liquid
Solid

0.5 gallonc, f
See Table 1804.2.2.1

Toxic

Liquid


Solid

Use-open system: 15 gallonsb
Use-closed system: 60 gallonsb

5 poundsa, b

Unstable reactive Class 3

Liquid
Solid

0.5 gallona, b
5 poundsa, b

Water-reactive Class 3

Liquid
Solid

0.5 gallonc, f
See Table 1804.2.2.1

For SI: 1 pound = 0.454 kg, 1 gallon = 3.785 L.

a. Maximum allowable quantities shall be increased 100 percent for closed system operations. When Note b also applies, the increase for both notes shall be allowed.

b. Quantities shall be allowed to be increased 100 percent when workstations are internally protected with an approved automatic fire-extinguishing or suppression system complying with Chapter 9. When Note b also applies, the increase for both notes shall be allowed. When Note e also applies, the maximum increase allowed for both Notes b and e shall not exceed 100 percent.

c. Allowed only in workstations that are internally protected with an approved automatic fire-extinguishing or fire protection system complying with Chapter 9 and compatible with the reactivity of materials in use at the workstation.

d. The quantity limits apply only to materials classified as HPM.

e. Quantities shall be allowed to be increased 100 percent for nonflammable, noncombustible corrosive liquids when the materials of construction for workstations are listed or approved for use without internal fire-extinguishing or suppression system protection. When Note b also applies, the maximum increase allowed for both Notes b and e shall not exceed 100 percent.

f. A maximum quantity of 5.3 gallons shall be allowed at a workstation when conditions are in accordance with Section 1805.2.3.4.

Workstations in fabrication areas shall be in accordance with Sections 1805.2.3.1 through 1805.2.3.4.
Workstations in fabrication areas shall be constructed of materials compatible with the materials used and stored at the workstation. The portion of the workstation that serves as a cabinet for HPM gases and HPM flammable liquids shall be noncombustible and, if of metal, shall be not less than 0.0478-inch (18 gage) (1.2 mm) steel.

Vessels containing hazardous materials located in or connected to a workstation shall be protected as follows:

1. HPM: Vessels containing HPM shall be protected from physical damage and shall not project from the workstation.

2. Hazardous cryogenic fluids, gases and liquids: Hazardous cryogenic fluid, gas and liquid vessels located within a workstation shall be protected from seismic forces in an approved manner in accordance with the International Building Code.

3. Compressed gases: Protection for compressed gas vessels shall also comply with Section 3003.5.

4. Cryogenic fluids: Protection for cryogenic fluid vessels shall also comply with Section 3203.5.

Each workstation utilizing HPM liquids shall have all of the following:

1. Drainage piping systems connected to a compatible system for disposition of such liquids;

2. The work surface provided with a slope or other means for directing spilled materials to the containment or drainage system; and

3. An approved means of containing or directing spilled or leaked liquids to the drainage system.

Pyrophoric liquids and Class 3 water-reactive liquids in containers greater than 0.5-gallon (2 L) but not exceeding 5.3-gallon (20 L) capacity shall be allowed at workstations when located inside cabinets and the following conditions are met:

1. Maximum amount per cabinet: The maximum amount per cabinet shall be limited to 5.3 gallons (20 L).

2. Cabinet construction: Cabinets shall be constructed in accordance with the following:

2.1. Cabinets shall be constructed of not less than 0.097-inch (2.5 mm) (12 gage) steel.

2.2. Cabinets shall be permitted to have self-closing limited access ports or noncombustible windows that provide access to equipment controls.

2.3. Cabinets shall be provided with self- or manual-closing doors. Manual-closing doors shall be equipped with a door switch that will initiate local audible and visual alarms when the door is in the open position.

3. Cabinet exhaust ventilation system: An exhaust ventilation system shall be provided for cabinets and shall comply with the following:

3.1. The system shall be designed to operate at a negative pressure in relation to the surrounding area.

3.2. The system shall be equipped with a pressure monitor and a flow switch alarm monitored at the on-site emergency control station.

4. Cabinet spill containment: Spill containment shall be provided in each cabinet, with the spill containment capable of holding the contents of the aggregate amount of liquids in containers in each cabinet.

5. Valves: Valves in supply piping between the product containers in the cabinet and the workstation served by the containers shall fail in the closed position upon power failure, loss of exhaust ventilation and upon actuation of the fire control system.

6. Fire detection system: Each cabinet shall be equipped with an automatic fire detection system complying with the following conditions:

6.1. Automatic detection system: UV/IR, high- sensitivity smoke detection (HSSD) or other approved detection systems shall be provided inside each cabinet.

6.2. Automatic shutoff: Activation of the detection system shall automatically close the shutoff valves at the source on the liquid supply.

6.3. Alarms and signals: Activation of the detection system shall initiate a local alarm within the fabrication area and transmit a signal to the emergency control station. The alarms and signals shall be both visual and audible.

The transportation and handling of hazardous materials shall comply with Sections 1805.3.1 through 1805.3.4.1 and other applicable provisions of this code.
Corridors and exit enclosures in new buildings or serving new fabrication areas shall not contain HPM except as permitted for corridors by Section 415.8.6.3 of the International Building Code.
When existing fabrication areas are altered or modified in existing buildings, HPM is allowed to be transported in existing corridors when such exit access corridors comply with the International Building Code. Transportation in corridors shall comply with Section 2703.10.
When a new fabrication area is constructed, a service corridor shall be provided where it is necessary to transport HPM from a liquid storage room, HPM room, gas room or from the outside of a building to the perimeter wall of a fabrication area. Service corridors shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the International Building Code.
Carts and trucks used to transport HPM in exit access corridors and exit enclosures in existing buildings shall comply with Section 2703.10.3.
Carts and trucks shall be marked to indicate the contents.
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