ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

NFPA 1, 2018

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
The occupancy of a building or structure, or portion of a building or structure, shall be classified in accordance with 6.1.2 through 6.1.13. Occupancy classification shall be subject to the ruling of the AHJ where there is a question of proper classification in any individual case. [101:6.1.1.1]
Occupancies in special structures shall conform to the requirements of Section 20.16. [101:6.1.1.2]
For requirements, see Section 20.1. [101:6.1.2]
An (1) occupancy used for a gathering of 50 or more persons for deliberation, worship, entertainment, eating, drinking, amusement, awaiting transportation, or similar uses; or (2) used as a special amusement building, regardless of occupant load. [101:6.1.2.1]
For requirements, see Section 20.2. [101:6.1.3]
An occupancy used for educational purposes through the twelfth grade by six or more persons for 4 or more hours per day or more than 12 hours per week. [101:6.1.3.1]
Other occupancies associated with educational institutions shall be in accordance with the appropriate parts of this Code and NFPA 101. [101:6.1.3.2]
In cases where instruction is incidental to some other occupancy, the section of this Code and NFPA 101 governing such other occupancy shall apply. [101: 6.1.3.3]
For requirements, see Section 20.3. [101:6.1.4]
An occupancy in which four or more clients receive care, maintenance, and supervision, by other than their relatives or legal guardians, for less than 24 hours per day. [101: 6.1.4.1]
For requirements, see Section 20.4. [101:6.1.5]
An occupancy used to provide medical or other treatment or care simultaneously to four or more patients on an inpatient basis, where such patients are mostly incapable of self-preservation due to age, physical or mental disability, or because of security measures not under the occupants' control. [101: 6.1.5.1]
For requirements, see Section 20.6. [101: 6.1.6]
An occupancy used to provide services or treatment simultaneously to four or more patients that provides, on an outpatient basis, one or more of the following:
  1. Treatment for patients that renders the patients incapable of taking action for self-preservation under emergency conditions without the assistance of others
  2. Anesthesia that renders the patients incapable of taking action for self-preservation under emergency conditions without the assistance of others
  3. Emergency or urgent care for patients who, due to the nature of their injury or illness, are incapable of taking action for self-preservation under emergency conditions without the assistance of others

[101:6.1.6.1]

For requirements, see Section 20.7. [101: 6.1.7]
An occupancy used to house one or more persons under varied degrees of restraint or security where such occupants are mostly incapable of self-preservation because of security measures not under the occupants' control. [101:6.1.7.1]
Within detention and correctional facilities, uses other than residential housing shall be in accordance with the appropriate chapter of this Code and NFPA 101. (See 22.1.2.3 and 23.1.2.3 of NFPA 101.) [101:6.1.7.2]
For requirements, see Sections 20.5 and 20.8 through 20.11. [101:6.1.8]
An occupancy that provides sleeping accommodations for purposes other than health care or detention and correctional. [101:6.1.8.1]
A building that contains not more than two dwelling units, each dwelling unit occupied by members of a single family with not more than three outsiders, if any, accommodated in rented rooms. [101:6.1.8.1.1]
A building or portion thereof that does not qualify as a one- or two-family dwelling, that provides sleeping accommodations for a total of 16 or fewer people on a transient or permanent basis, without personal care services, with or without meals, but without separate cooking facilities for individual occupants. [101:6.1.8.1.2]
A building or groups of buildings under the same management in which there are sleeping accommodations for more than 16 persons and primarily used by transients for lodging with or without meals. [101:6.1.8.1.3]
A building or a space in a building in which group sleeping accommodations are provided for more than 16 persons who are not members of the same family in one room, or a series of closely associated rooms, under joint occupancy and single management, with or without meals, but without individual cooking facilities. [101:6.1.8.1.4]
A building or portion thereof containing three or more dwelling units with independent cooking and bathroom facilities. [101:6.1.8.1.5]
For requirements, see Section 20.5. [101:6.1.9]
An occupancy used for lodging and boarding of four or more residents, not related by blood or marriage to the owners or operators, for the purpose of providing personal care services. [101:6.1.9.1]
For requirements, see Section 20.12. [101:6.1.10]
An occupancy used for the display and sale of merchandise. [101:6.1.10.1]
For requirements, see Section 20.13. [101:6.1.11]
An occupancy used for the transaction of business other than mercantile. [101:6.1.11.1]
For requirements, see Section 20.14. [101:6.1.12]
An occupancy in which products are manufactured or in which processing, assembling, mixing, packaging, finishing, decorating, or repair operations are conducted. [101:6.1.12.1]
For requirements, see Section 20.15. [101: 6.1.13]
An occupancy used primarily for the storage or sheltering of goods, merchandise, products, or vehicles. [101: 6.1.13.1]
Multiple occupancies shall comply with the requirements of 6.1.14.1 and one of the following:
  1. Mixed occupancies6.1.14.3
  2. Separated occupancies6.1.14.4

[101:6.1.14.1.1]

Where exit access from an occupancy traverses another occupancy, the multiple occupancy shall be treated as a mixed occupancy. [101:6.1.14.1.2]

6.1.14.1.3*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where incidental to another occupancy, areas used as follows shall be permitted to be considered part of the predominant occupancy and shall be subject to the provisions of this Code and NFPA 101 that apply to the predominant occupancy:
  1. Mercantile, business, industrial, or storage use
  2. * Nonresidential use with an occupant load fewer than that established by Section 6.1 for the occupancy threshold [101:6.1.14.1.3]
  3. Portions of buildings used as accessory offices or for customary non-hazardous uses necessary for transacting the principal business in storage and industrial occupancies need not be separated from the principal use.
  4. Industrial occupancies producing, using, or storing low hazard products in accordance with Subdivision 6.2.2 need not be separated by fire-resistant construction from the occupancies to which they are accessory.

6.1.14.1.3.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Incidental use areas shall be separated as required by Table 509 of the Florida Building Code where Table 509 permits an automatic fire-extinguishing system without a fire barrier, the incidental use area shall be separated by construction capable of resisting the passage of smoke.

6.1.14.1.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The following accessory occupancies shall not be required to be separated from the primary occupancy as required in 6.1.14.4:
  1. A kitchen in an assembly occupancy does not constitute a mixed occupancy.
  2. Accessory uses in industrial and storage occupancies as otherwise provided in 6.1.14.1.3(1)
  3. Rooms or spaces used for customary storage of non-hazardous materials in assembly, business, educational, industrial, mercantile, hotel and dormitory, and apartment occupancies which in aggregate do not exceed 10% of the major floor area in which they are located. Protection from hazards shall be as otherwise provided in the specific occupancy chapter.
A building or structure in which two or more classes of occupancy exist. [101:6.1.14.2.1]
A multiple occupancy where the occupancies are intermingled. [101:6.1.14.2.2]
A multiple occupancy where the occupancies are separated by fire barriers. [101:6.1.14.2.3]
Each portion of the building shall be classified as to its use in accordance with Section 6.1. [101:6.1.14.3.1]
The building shall comply with the most restrictive requirements of the occupancies involved unless separate safeguards are approved. [101:6.1.14.3.2]
(See also 6.1.14.4.2.) [101: 6.1.14.4]

6.1.14.4.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where separated occupancies are provided, each part of the building comprising a distinct occupancy, as described in this chapter, shall be completely separated from other occupancies by fire-barriers as specified in 6.1.14.4.2, 6.1.14.4.3, and Table 6.1.14.4.1(a) and Table 6.1.14.4.1(b), unless separation is provided by approved existing separations or as otherwise permitted by 6.1.14.4.6. [101:6.1.14.4.1]

Table 6.1.14.4.1(a) Required Separation of Occupancies (hours),† Part 1

Occupancy Assembly ≤300 Assembly >300 to ≤1000 Assembly >1000 Educational Day-Care >12 Clients Day-Care Homes Health Care Ambulatory Health Care Detention & Correctional One- & Two-Family Dwellings Lodging or Rooming Houses Hotels & Dormitories
Assembly ≤300 0 0 2 2 1 2‡ 2 2‡ 2 2 2
Assembly >300 to ≤1000 0 0 2 2 2 2‡ 2 2‡ 2 2 2
Assembly >1000 0 0 2 2 2 2‡ 2 2‡ 2 2 2
Educational 2 2 2 2 2 2‡ 2 2‡ 2 2 2
Day-Care >12 Clients 2 2 2 2 1 2‡ 2 2‡ 2 2 2
Day-Care Homes 1 2 2 2 1 2‡ 2 2‡ 2 2 2
Health Care 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡
Ambulatory Health Care 2 2 2 2 2 2 2‡ 2‡ 2 2 2
Detention & Correctional 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡
One- & Two- Family Dwellings 2 2 2 2 2 2 2‡ 2 2‡ 1 1
Lodging or Rooming Houses 2 2 2 2 2 2 2‡ 2 2‡ 1 1
Hotels & Dormitories 2 2 2 2 2 2 2‡ 2 2‡ 1 1
Apartment Buildings 2 2 2 2 2 2 2‡ 2 2‡ 1 1 1
Board & Care, Small 2 2 2 2 2 2 2‡ 2 2‡ 1 2 2
Board & Care, Large 2 2 2 2 2 2 2‡ 2 2‡ 2 2 2
Mercantile 2 2 2 2 2 2 2‡ 2 2‡ 2 2 2
Mercantile, Mall 2 2 2 2 2 2 2‡ 2 2‡ 2 2 2
Mercantile, Bulk Retail 3 3 3 3 3 3 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 3 3 3
Business 1 2 2 2 2 2 2‡ 1 2‡ 2 2 2
Industrial, General Purpose 2 2 3 3 3 3 2‡ 2 2‡ 2 2 2
Industrial, Special-Purpose 2 2 2 3 3 3 2‡ 2 2‡ 2 2 2
Industrial, High Hazard 3 3 3 3 3 3 2‡ 2‡ NP 3 3 3
Storage, Low & Ordinary Hazard 2 2 3 3 3 2 2‡ 2 2‡ 2 2 2
Storage, High Hazard 3 3 3 3 3 3 2‡ 2‡ NP 3 3 3

NP: Not permitted.

Minimum Fire Resistance Rating. The fire resistance rating is permitted to be reduced by 1 hour, but in no case to less than 1 hour, where the building is protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 and supervised in accordance with 13.3.1.8.

‡The 1-hour reduction due to the presence of sprinklers in accordance with the single-dagger footnote is not permitted. [101: Table 6.1.14.4.1(a)]

Table 6.1.14.4.1(b) Required Separation of Occupancies (hours)†, Part 2

Occupancy Apartment Buildings Board & Care, Small Board & Care, Large Mercantile Mercantile, Mall Mercantile, Bulk Retail Business Industrial, General Purpose Industrial, Special- Purpose Industrial, High Hazard Storage, Low & Ordinary Hazard Storage, High Hazard
Assembly ≤ 300 2 2 2 2 2 3 1 2 2 3 2 3
Assembly >300 to ≤1000 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 2 3
Assembly >1000 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 3 2 3 3 3
Educational 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3
Day-Care >12 Clients 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3
Day-Care Homes 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 3 3 3 2 3
Health Care 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡
Ambulatory Health Care 2 2 2 2 2 2‡ 1 2 2 2‡ 2 2‡
Detention & Correctional 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ 2‡ NP 2‡ NP
One- & Two- Family Dwellings 1 1 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 2 3
Lodging or Rooming Houses 1 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 2 3
Hotels & Dormitories 1 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 2 3
Apartment Buildings 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 2 3
Board & Care, Small 2 1 2 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3
Board & Care, Large 2 1 2 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3
Mercantile 2 2 2 0 3 2 2 2 3 2 3
Mercantile, Mall 2 2 2 0 3 2 3 3 3 2 3
Mercantile, Bulk Retail 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 3 2 2
Business 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Industrial, General Purpose 2 3 3 2 3 2 2 1 1 1 1
Industrial, Special- Purpose 2 3 3 2 3 2 2 1 1 1 1
Industrial, High Hazard 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 1
Storage, Low & Ordinary Hazard 2 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1
Storage, High Hazard 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 1 1 1

NP: Not permitted.

Minimum Fire Resistance Rating. The fire resistance rating is permitted to be reduced by 1 hour, but in no case to less than 1 hour, where the building is protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 and supervised in accordance with 13.3.1.8.

‡The 1-hour reduction due to the presence of sprinklers in accordance with the single-dagger footnote is not permitted. [101: Table 6.1.14.4.1(b)]

*Where the building is two stories or less in height and the total building square footage is less than 10,000 square feet, no separation is required.

Occupancy separation fire barriers shall be classified as 3-hour fire resistance-rated, 2-hour fire resistance-rated, or 1-hour fire resistance-rated and shall meet the requirements of Chapter 8 of NFPA 101. [101:6.1.14.4.2]
The fire barrier minimum fire resistance rating specified in Table 6.1.14.4.1(a) and Table 6.1.14.4.1(b) shall be permitted to be reduced by 1 hour, but in no case shall it be reduced to less than 1 hour, where the building is protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 and supervised in accordance with 13.3.1.8, unless prohibited by the double-dagger footnote entries in the tables. [101:6.1.14.4.3]
Occupancy separation fire barriers shall be vertical, horizontal, or both or, when necessary, of such other form as required to provide complete separation between occupancy divisions in the building. [101:6.1.14.4.4]
Each separated portion of the building shall comply with the requirements for the occupancy therein. [101:6.1.14.4.5]

6.1.14.4.6

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
One-story or two-story structures that are less than 10,000 square feet, whose occupancy is defined in the Florida Building Code and the Florida Fire Prevention Code as business or mercantile, the authority having jurisdiction shall enforce the wall fire-rating provisions for occupancy separation as defined in the Florida Building Code.

6.1.14.4.66.1.14.4.7

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where permitted in Chapters 11 through 43 of NFPA 101, atrium walls shall be permitted to serve as part of the separation required by 6.1.14.4.1 for creating separated occupancies on a story-by-story basis, provided all of the following are met:
  1. The atrium is separated from adjacent areas by walls that are smoke partitions in accordance with Section 8.4 of NFPA 101.
  2. Doors in the smoke partitions required by 6.1.14.4.6(1) are equipped with positive latching hardware.
  3. The atrium meets the provisions of 8.6.7 of NFPA 101 that are applicable to new atriums.

[101:6.1.14.4.6]

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