ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

NFPA 1, 2018

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
The AHJ shall have the authority to require that construction documents for all fire protection systems be submitted for review and approval and a permit be issued prior to the installation, rehabilitation, or modification. (For additional information concerning construction documents, see Section 1.14.) Further, the AHJ shall have the authority to require that full acceptance tests of the systems be performed in the AHJ's presence prior to final system certification.
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.
The property owner shall be responsible for the proper testing and maintenance of the equipment and systems.
Where required by Chapters 11 through 43 of NFPA 101, and where two or more fire protection or life safety systems are integrated, the integrated system shall be tested to verify the proper operation and function of such systems in accordance with NFPA 4. [101:9.11.4]
Obstructions shall not be placed or kept near fire hydrants, fire department inlet connections, or fire protection system control valves in a manner that would prevent such equipment or fire hydrants from being immediately visible and accessible.
A minimum 36 in. (915 mm) of clear space shall be maintained to permit access to and operation of fire protection equipment, fire department inlet connections, or fire protection system control valves. The fire department shall not be deterred or hindered from gaining immediate access to fire protection equipment.
An approved clear and unobstructed path shall be provided and maintained for access to the fire department inlet connections.
Detailed records documenting all systems and equipment testing and maintenance shall be kept by the property owner and shall be made available upon request for review by the AHJ.
Existing systems shall be in accordance with 1.3.6.2 and 10.3.2.
All fire protection systems and devices shall be maintained in a reliable operating condition and shall be replaced or repaired where defective or recalled.
Whenever impairments, critical deficiencies, or non-critical deficiencies are identified in water-based fire protection systems maintained in accordance with NFPA 25, they shall be corrected in a time frame approved by the AHJ.
The AHJ shall be notified when any fire protection system is out of service and on restoration of service.
In the event of a failure of a fire protection system or an excessive number of accidental activations, the AHJ shall be permitted to require an approved fire watch until the system is repaired.
For occupancies of an especially hazardous nature or where special hazards exist in addition to the normal hazard of the occupancy, or where access for fire apparatus is unduly difficult, or where the size or configuration of the building or contents limits normal fire suppression efforts, the AHJ shall have the authority to require additional safeguards consisting of additional fire safety equipment, more than one type of fire safety equipment, or special systems suitable for the protection of the hazard involved.
The AHJ shall have the authority to require locking fire department connection (FDC) plugs or caps on all water-based fire protection systems.
The design and installation of standpipe systems shall be in accordance with Section 13.2 and NFPA 14, Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems.
Where required by this Code or the referenced codes and standards listed in Chapter 2, standpipe systems shall be installed in accordance with 13.2.1.
New buildings shall be equipped with a Class I standpipe system installed in accordance with the provisions of Section 13.2 where any of the following conditions exist:
  1. More than three stories above grade where the building is protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system
  2. More than two stories above grade where the building is not protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system
  3. * More than 50 ft (15 m) above grade and containing intermediate stories or balconies
  4. More than one story below grade
  5. More than 20 ft (6.1 m) below grade
High-rise buildings shall be protected throughout by a Class I standpipe system in accordance with 13.2.2. [101:11.8.3.2]
In new assembly occupancies, regular stages over 1000 ft2 (93 m2) in area and all legitimate stages shall be equipped with 11/2 in. (38 mm) hose lines for first aid fire fighting at each side of the stage. [101:12.4.6.12.1]
In existing assembly occupancies, stages over 1000 ft2 (93 m2) in area shall be equipped with 11/2 in. (38 mm) hose lines for first aid fire fighting at each side of the stage. [101:13.4.6.12.1]
Hose connections shall be in accordance with NFPA 13, unless Class II or Class III standpipes in accordance with NFPA 14 are used. [101:12.4.6.12.2; 101:13.4.6.12.2]
Standpipe and hose systems shall be provided in accordance with Section 9.10 of NFPA 101 as follows, unless otherwise permitted by 13.2.2.5.1:
  1. Class I standpipe systems shall be provided for any building three or more stories in height.
  2. Class III standpipe and hose systems shall be provided for all nonsprinklered buildings three or more stories in height.

[101:22.3.5.5; 101:23.3.5.5]

The requirements of 13.2.2.5 shall not apply where otherwise permitted by the following:
  1. Formed hose, 1 in. (25 mm) in diameter, on hose reels shall be permitted to provide Class II service.
  2. Separate Class I and Class II systems shall be permitted in lieu of a Class III system.

[101:22.3.5.6; 101:23.3.5.6]

The AHJ shall be authorized to permit the removal of existing occupant-use hose lines where all of the following are met:
  1. This Code does not require their installation.
  2. The current building code does not require their installation.
  3. The AHJ determines that the occupant-use hose line will not be utilized by trained personnel or the fire department.
A standpipe system installed in accordance with this Code shall be properly maintained to provide at least the same level of performance and protection as designed.
The owner shall be responsible for maintaining the standpipe system and keeping it in good working condition.
A standpipe system installed in accordance with this Code shall be inspected, tested, and maintained in accordance with NFPA 25.
Where an existing standpipe system, including yard piping and fire department connection, is modified, the new piping shall be independently tested in accordance with 11.4.1 of NFPA 14. [14:11.4.7.1]
Modifications that cannot be isolated, such as new valves or the point of connection for new piping, shall not require testing in excess of system static pressure. [14:11.4.7.2]
Automatic sprinklers shall be installed and maintained in full operating condition in the occupancies specified in this Code or in the codes or standards referenced in Chapter 2.
Installations shall be in accordance with NFPA 13, NFPA 13R, or NFPA 13D as appropriate.
Existing systems shall be in accordance with 1.3.6.2 and 10.3.2.
Sprinkler piping serving not more than six sprinklers for any hazardous area shall be permitted to be connected directly to a domestic water supply system having a capacity sufficient to provide 0.15 gpm/ft2 (6.1 mm/min) throughout the entire enclosed area. [101:9.7.1.2]
Sprinkler piping serving hazardous areas as described in 13.3.1.4 shall be provided with an indicating shutoff valve, supervised in accordance with 13.3.1.8 or NFPA 13 and installed in an accessible, visible location between the sprinklers and the connection to the domestic water supply. [101:9.7.1.3]
In areas protected by automatic sprinklers, automatic heat-detection devices required by other sections of this Code shall not be required. [101:9.7.1.4]
Automatic sprinkler systems installed to make use of an alternative permitted by this Code shall be considered required systems and shall meet the provisions of this Code that apply to required systems. [101:9.7.1.5]
Where supervised automatic sprinkler systems are required by another section of this Code, supervisory attachments shall be installed and monitored for integrity in accordance with NFPA 72 and a distinctive supervisory signal shall be provided to indicate a condition that would impair the satisfactory operation of the sprinkler system. [101:9.7.2.1.1]
Supervisory signals shall sound and shall be displayed either at a location within the protected building that is constantly attended by qualified personnel or at an approved, remotely located receiving facility. [101:9.7.2.1.2]
Where supervision of automatic sprinkler systems is required by another section of this Code, waterflow alarms shall be transmitted to an approved, proprietary alarm-receiving facility, a remote station, a central station, or the fire department. [101:9.7.2.2.1]
The connection described in 13.3.1.8.2.1 shall be in accordance with 13.7.1.1. [101:9.7.2.2.2]
The following practices shall be observed to provide sprinklers of other than ordinary-temperature classification unless other temperatures are determined or unless high-temperature sprinklers are used throughout, and temperature selection shall be in accordance with Table 13.3.1.9(a), Table 13.3.1.9(b), and Figure 13.3.1.9:
  1. Sprinklers in the high-temperature zone shall be of the high-temperature classification, and sprinklers in the intermediate-temperature zone shall be of the intermediate-temperature classification.
  2. Sprinklers located within 12 in. (300 mm) to one side or 30 in. (750 mm) above an uncovered steam main, heating coil, or radiator shall be of the intermediate-temperature classification.
  3. Sprinklers within 7 ft (2.1 m) of a low-pressure blowoff valve that discharges free in a large room shall be of the high-temperature classification.
  4. Sprinklers under glass or plastic skylights exposed to the direct rays of the sun shall be of the intermediate-temperature classification.
  5. Sprinklers in an unventilated, concealed space, under an uninsulated roof, or in an unventilated attic shall be of the intermediate-temperature classification.
  6. Sprinklers in unventilated show windows having high-powered electric lights near the ceiling shall be of the intermediate-temperature classification.
  7. Sprinklers protecting commercial-type cooking equipment and ventilation systems shall be of the high- or extra high-temperature classification as determined by use of a temperature-measuring device. (See 7.9.6 of NFPA 13.)
  8. Sprinklers protecting residential areas installed near specific heat sources identified in Table 13.3.1.9(c) shall be installed in accordance with Table 13.3.1.9(c).
  9. Ordinary-temperature sprinklers located adjacent to a heating duct that discharges air that is less than 100°F (38°C) are not required to be separated in accordance with Table 13.3.1.9(a).
  10. Sprinklers in walk-in type coolers and freezers with automatic defrosting shall be of the intermediate-temperature classification or higher.

[13:8.3.2.5]

Table 13.3.1.9(a) Temperature Ratings of Sprinklers Based on Distance from Heat Sources

Type of Heat Condition Ordinary-Temperature Rating Intermediate-Temperature Rating High-Temperature Rating
(1) Heating ducts
(a) Above More than 2 ft 6 in. (750 mm) 2 ft 6 in. or less (750 mm)
(b) Side and below More than 1 ft 0 in. (300 mm) 1 ft 0 in. or less (300 mm)
(c) Diffuser Any distance except as shown under Intermediate-Temperature Rating column Downward discharge: Cylinder with 1 ft 0 in. (300 mm) radius from edge extending 1 ft 0 in. below and 2 ft 6 in. (750 mm) above
Horizontal discharge: Semicylinder or cylinder with 2 ft 6 in. (750 mm) radius in direction of flow extending 1 ft 0 in. (300 mm) below and 2 ft 6 in. (750 mm) above
(2) Unit heater
(a) Horizontal discharge Discharge side: 7 ft 0 in. (2.1 m) to 20 ft 0 in. (6.1 m) radius pieshaped cylinder (see Figure 13.3.1.8) extending 7 ft 0 in. (2.1 m) above and 2 ft 0 in. (600 mm) below heater; also 7 ft 0 in. (2.1 m) radius cylinder more than 7 ft 0 in. (2.1 m) above unit heater 7 ft 0 in. (2.1 m) radius cylinder extending 7 ft 0 in. (2.1 m) above and 2 ft 0 in. (600 mm) below unit heater
(b) Vertical downward discharge (for sprinklers below unit heater, see Figure 13.3.1.9) 7 ft 0 in. (2.1 m) radius cylinder extending upward from an elevation 7 ft 0 in. (2.1 m) above unit heater 7 ft 0 in. (2.1 m) radius cylinder extending from the top of the unit heater to an elevation 7 ft 0 in. (2.1 m) above unit heater
(3) Steam mains (uncovered)
(a) Above More than 2 ft 6 in. (750 mm) 2 ft 6 in. or less (750 mm)
(b) Side and below More than 1 ft 0 in. (300 mm) 1 ft 0 in. or less (300 mm)
(c) Blowoff valve More than 7 ft 0 in. (2.1 m) 7 ft 0 in. or less (2.1 m)

[13: Table 8.3.2.5(a)]

Table 13.3.1.9(b) Temperature Ratings of Sprinklers in Specified Locations

Location Ordinary-Temperature Rating Intermediate-Temperature Rating High-Temperature Rating
Skylights Glass or plastic
Attics Do not use Ventilated or unventilated
Peaked roof: metal or thin boards, concealed or not concealed, insulated or uninsulated Ventilated Unventilated
Flat roof: metal, not concealed Ventilated or unventilated Note: For uninsulated roof, climate and insulated or uninsulated occupancy can necessitate intermediate sprinklers. Check on job.
Flat roof: metal, concealed, insulated, or uninsulated Ventilated Unventilated
Show windows Ventilated Unventilated

Note: A check of job condition by means of thermometers might be necessary. [13: Table 8.3.2.5(b)]

Table 13.3.1.9(c) Ratings of Sprinklers in Specified Residential Areas

Heat Source Minimum Distance from Edge of Source to Ordinary-Temperature Sprinkler Minimum Distance from Edge of Source to Intermediate-Temperature Sprinkler
in. mm in. mm
Side of open or recessed fireplace 36 915 12 300
Front of recessed fireplace 60 1525 36 915
Coal- or wood-burning stove 42 1070 12 305
Kitchen range 18 460 9 230
Wall oven 18 460 9 230
Hot air flues 18 460 9 230
Uninsulated heat ducts 18 460 9 230
Uninsulated hot water pipes 12 305 6 155
Side of ceiling- or wall-mounted hot air diffusers 24 610 12 305
Front of wall-mounted hot air diffusers 36 915 18 460
Hot water heater or furnace 6 155 3 75
Light fixture:
0 W—250 W 6 155 3 75
250 W—499 W 12 305 6 155

[13: Table 8.3.2.5(c)]

FIGURE 13.3.1.9 High-Temperature and Intermediate-Temperature Zones at Unit Heaters. [13:Figure 8.3.2.5]

Where required by this Code or the referenced codes and standards listed in Chapter 2, automatic sprinkler systems shall be installed in accordance with 13.3.1.
Basements exceeding 2500 ft2 (232 m2) in new buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system.
New buildings housing emergency fire, rescue, or ambulance services shall be protected throughout by approved supervised automatic sprinkler systems.
New buildings three or more stories in height above grade shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3 unless otherwise permitted by 13.3.2.5.
Stand-alone open parking structures that are detached from other occupancies shall not be required to be protected by an automatic sprinkler system.
In buildings protected throughout by automatic sprinklers in accordance with NFPA 13, automatic sprinkler protection shall be provided for the exterior spaces in accordance with 13.3.2.6.
Unless the requirements of 13.3.2.6.2, 13.3.2.6.3, or 13.3.2.6.4 are met, sprinklers shall be installed under exterior projections exceeding 4 ft (1.2 m) in width. [13:8.15.7.1]
Sprinklers shall be permitted to be omitted where the exterior canopies, roofs, porte-cocheres, balconies, decks, and similar projections are constructed with materials that are noncombustible, limited-combustible, or fire retardant-treated wood as defined in NFPA 703, or where the projections are constructed utilizing a noncombustible frame, limited-combustibles, or fire retardant-treated wood with an inherently flame-resistant fabric overlay as demonstrated by Test Method 2 in accordance with NFPA 701. [13:8.15.7.2]
Sprinklers shall be permitted to be omitted from below the exterior projections of combustible construction, provided the exposed finish material on the exterior projections are noncombustible, limited-combustible, or fire retardant-treated wood as defined in NFPA 703, and the exterior projections contain only sprinklered concealed spaces or any of the following unsprinklered combustible concealed spaces:
  1. Combustible concealed spaces filled entirely with noncombustible insulation
  2. Light or ordinary hazard occupancies where noncombustible or limited-combustible ceilings are directly attached to the bottom of solid wood joists so as to create enclosed joist spaces 160 ft3 (4.5 m3) or less in volume, including space below insulation that is laid directly on top or within the ceiling joists in an otherwise sprinklered attic [see 11.2.3.1.4(4)(d) of NFPA 13]
  3. Concealed spaces over isolated small exterior projections not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2) in area

[13:8.15.7.3]

Sprinklers shall be permitted to be omitted from exterior exit corridors when the exterior walls of the corridor are at least 50 percent open and when the corridor is entirely of noncombustible construction. [13:8.15.7.4]
Sprinklers shall be installed under exterior projections greater than 2 ft (600 mm) wide over areas where combustibles are stored. [13:8.15.7.5]

13.3.2.6.5.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The requirement of 13.3.2.6.5 may be omitted if the separation of exterior projections or structures are a minimum of 5 ft (1.5 m) from the sprinklered building. This provision is effective for new construction projects only.

13.3.2.7.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where the occupant load exceeds 100, the following assembly occupancies shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.1.2:
  1. Dance halls
  2. Discotheques
  3. Nightclubs
  4. Assembly occupancies with festival seating

[101:12.3.5.1]

Any building containing one or more assembly occupancies where the aggregate occupant load of the assembly occupancies exceeds 300 shall be protected by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 as follows (see also 12.1.6, 12.2.6, 12.3.2, and 12.3.6 of NFPA 101):
  1. Throughout the story containing the assembly occupancy
  2. Throughout all stories below the story containing the assembly occupancy
  3. In the case of an assembly occupancy located below the level of exit discharge, throughout all stories intervening between that story and the level of exit discharge, including the level of exit discharge

[101:12.3.5.2]

The requirements of 13.3.2.7.2 shall not apply to the following:
  1. * Assembly occupancies consisting of a single multipurpose room of less than 12,000 ft2 (1115 m2) that are not used for exhibition or display and are not part of a mixed occupancy
  2. Gymnasiums, skating rinks, and swimming pools used exclusively for participant sports with no audience facilities for more than 300 persons
  3. * Locations in stadia and arenas as follows:
    1. Over the floor areas used for contest, performance, or entertainment, provided that the roof construction is more than 50 ft (15 m) above the floor level, and use is restricted to low fire hazard uses
    2. Over the seating areas, provided that use is restricted to low fire hazard uses
    3. Over open-air concourses where an approved engineering analysis substantiates the ineffectiveness of the sprinkler protection due to building height and combustible loading
  4. Locations in unenclosed stadia and arenas as follows:
    1. Press boxes of less than 1000 ft2 (93 m2)
    2. Storage facilities of less than 1000 ft2 (93 m2) if enclosed with not less than 1-hour fire resistance-rated construction
    3. Enclosed areas underneath grandstands that comply with 25.3.4

    [101:12.3.5.3]

Where another provision of Chapter 12 of NFPA 101 requires an automatic sprinkler system, the sprinkler system shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13. [101:12.3.5.4]
Every stage shall be protected by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in compliance with Section 13.3. [101:12.4.6.10]
Protection shall be provided throughout the stage and in storerooms, workshops, permanent dressing rooms, and other accessory spaces contiguous to stages. [101:12.4.6.10.1]
Sprinklers shall not be required for stages 1000 ft2 (93 m2) or less in area and 50 ft (15 m) or less in height where the following criteria are met:
  1. Curtains, scenery, or other combustible hangings are not retractable vertically.
  2. Combustible hangings are limited to borders, legs, a single main curtain, and a single backdrop.

[101:12.4.6.10.2]

Sprinklers shall not be required under stage areas less than 48 in. (1220 mm) in clear height that are used exclusively for chair or table storage and lined on the inside with 5/8 in. (16 mm) Type X gypsum wallboard or the approved equivalent. [101:12.4.6.10.3]

13.3.2.8.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where the occupant load exceeds 300, the following assembly occupancies shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13:
  1. Dance halls
  2. Discotheques
  3. Nightclubs
  4. Assembly occupancies with festival seating

[101:13.3.5.1]

Any assembly occupancy used or capable of being used for exhibition or display purposes shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3 where the exhibition or display area exceeds 15,000 ft2 (1400 m2). [101:13.3.5.2]
The sprinklers specified by 13.3.2.8.2 shall not be required where otherwise permitted in the following locations:
  1. Locations in stadia and arenas as follows:
    1. Over the floor areas used for contest, performance, or entertainment
    2. Over the seating areas
    3. Over open-air concourses where an approved engineering analysis substantiates the ineffectiveness of the sprinkler protection due to building height and combustible loading
  2. Locations in unenclosed stadia and arenas as follows:
    1. Press boxes of less than 1000 ft2 (93 m2)
    2. Storage facilities of less than 1000 ft2 (93 m2) if enclosed with not less than 1-hour fire resistance-rated construction
    3. Enclosed areas underneath grandstands that comply with 25.3.4

    [101:13.3.5.3]

Where another provision of this chapter and Chapter 13 of NFPA 101 requires an automatic sprinkler system, the sprinkler system shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13. [101:13.3.5.4]
Every stage shall be protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system in compliance with Section 13.3. [101:13.4.6.10]
Protection shall be provided throughout the stage and in storerooms, workshops, permanent dressing rooms, and other accessory spaces contiguous to such stages. [101:13.4.6.10.1]
Sprinklers shall not be required for stages 1000 ft2 (93 m2) or less in area where the following criteria are met:
  1. Curtains, scenery, or other combustible hangings are not retractable vertically.
  2. Combustible hangings are limited to borders, legs, a single main curtain, and a single backdrop.

[101:13.4.6.10.2]

Sprinklers shall not be required under stage areas less than 48 in. (1220 mm) in clear height that are used exclusively for chair or table storage and lined on the inside with 5/8 in. (16 mm) Type X gypsum wallboard or the approved equivalent. [101:13.4.6.10.3]
Educational occupancy buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101:14.3.5.1]
The requirement of 13.3.2.9.1 shall not apply to any of the following:
  1. Non-relocatable buildings having an area not exceeding 1000 ft2 (93 m2)
  2. Non-relocatable buildings containing a single classroom
  3. Relocatable buildings complying with all of the following:
    1. Building area does not exceed 1000 ft2 (93 m2)
    2. Building contains a single classroom
    3. Building is located not less than 30 ft (9.1 m) from another building

[101:14.3.5.2]

Every portion of educational buildings below the level of exit discharge shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101:14.3.5.3]
Buildings with unprotected openings in accordance with 8.6.6 of NFPA 101 shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101:14.3.5.4]
Where another provision of Chapter 14 of NFPA 101 requires an automatic sprinkler system, the sprinkler system shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13. [101:14.3.5.5]
Where student occupancy exists below the level of exit discharge, every portion of such floor shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101:15.3.5.1]
Where student occupancy does not exist on floors below the level of exit discharge, such floors shall be separated from the rest of the building by 1-hour fire resistance-rated construction or shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101:15.3.5.2]
Automatic sprinkler protection shall not be required where student occupancy exists below the level of exit discharge, provided that both of the following criteria are met:
  1. The approval of the AHJ shall be required.
  2. Windows for rescue and ventilation shall be provided in accordance with 15.2.11.1 of NFPA 101.

[101:15.3.5.3]

Buildings with unprotected openings in accordance with 8.6.6 of NFPA 101 shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101:15.3.5.4]
Where another provision of Chapter 15 of NFPA 101 requires an automatic sprinkler system, the sprinkler system shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13. [101:15.3.5.5]
Buildings containing health care occupancies shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3, unless otherwise permitted by 13.3.2.11.3. [101:18.3.5.1]
The sprinkler system required by 13.3.2.11.1 shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13. [101:18.3.5.4]
In Type I and Type II construction, alternative protection measures shall be permitted to be substituted for sprinkler protection, without causing a building to be classified as nonsprinklered, in specified areas where the AHJ has prohibited sprinklers. [101:18.3.5.5]
Listed quick-response or listed residential sprinklers shall be used throughout smoke compartments containing patient sleeping rooms. [101:18.3.5.6]
Sprinklers shall not be required in clothes closets of patient sleeping rooms in hospitals where the area of the closet does not exceed 6 ft2 (0.55 m2), provided that the distance from the sprinkler in the patient sleeping room to the back wall of the closet does not exceed the maximum distance permitted by NFPA 13. [101:18.3.5.10]
Sprinklers in areas where cubicle curtains are installed shall be in accordance with NFPA 13. [101:18.3.5.11]
Buildings containing nursing homes shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3 and Section 9.7 of NFPA 101, unless otherwise permitted by 13.3.2.12.7. [101:19.3.5.1]
All high-rise buildings containing health care occupancies shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 13.3 within 12 years of the adoption of this Code, except as otherwise provided in 13.3.2.12.3 or 13.3.2.12.4. [101:19.4.2.1]
Where a jurisdiction adopts this edition of the Code and previously adopted the 2015 edition, the sprinklering required by 13.3.2.12.2 shall be installed within 9 years of the adoption of this Code. [101:19.4.2.2]
Where a jurisdiction adopts this edition of the Code and previously adopted the 2012 edition, the sprinklering required by 13.3.2.12.2 shall be installed within 6 years of the adoption of this Code. [101:19.4.2.3]
Where required by 19.1.6 of NFPA 101, buildings containing hospitals or limited care facilities shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3 and Section 9.7 of NFPA 101, unless otherwise permitted by 13.3.2.12.7. [101:19.3.5.3]
The sprinkler system required by 13.3.2.12.1 or 13.3.2.12.5 shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13. [101:19.3.5.4]
In Type I and Type II construction, alternative protection measures shall be permitted to be substituted for sprinkler protection in specified areas where the AHJ has prohibited sprinklers, without causing a building to be classified as nonsprinklered. [101:19.3.5.5]
Where this Code permits exceptions for fully sprinklered buildings or smoke compartments, the sprinkler system shall meet all of the following criteria:
  1. It shall be in accordance with Section 13.3.
  2. It shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13, unless it is an approved existing system.
  3. It shall be electrically connected to the fire alarm system.
  4. It shall be fully supervised.
  5. In Type I and Type II construction, where the AHJ has prohibited sprinklers, approved alternative protection measures shall be permitted to be substituted for sprinkler protection in specified areas without causing a building to be classified as nonsprinklered.

[101:19.3.5.7]

Where this Code permits exceptions for fully sprinklered buildings or smoke compartments and specifically references this paragraph, the sprinkler system shall meet all of the following criteria:
  1. It shall be installed throughout the building or smoke compartment in accordance with Section 13.3.
  2. It shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13, unless it is an approved existing system.
  3. It shall be electrically connected to the fire alarm system.
  4. It shall be fully supervised.
  5. It shall be equipped with listed quick-response or listed residential sprinklers throughout all smoke compartments containing patient sleeping rooms.
  6. Standard-response sprinklers shall be permitted to be continued to be used in approved existing sprinkler systems where quick-response and residential sprinklers were not listed for use in such locations at the time of installation.
  7. Standard-response sprinklers shall be permitted for use in hazardous areas protected in accordance with 19.3.2.1 of NFPA 101.

[101:19.3.5.8]

Isolated hazardous areas shall be permitted to be protected in accordance with 13.3.1.4. For new installations in existing health care occupancies, where more than two sprinklers are installed in a single area, waterflow detection shall be provided to sound the building fire alarm or to notify, by a signal, any constantly attended location, such as PBX, security, or emergency room, at which the necessary corrective action shall be taken. [101:19.3.5.9]
Sprinklers shall not be required in clothes closets of patient sleeping rooms in hospitals where the area of the closet does not exceed 6 ft2 (0.55 m2), provided that the distance from the sprinkler in the patient sleeping room to the back wall of the closet does not exceed the maximum distance permitted by NFPA 13. [101:19.3.5.10]
Newly introduced cubicle curtains in sprinklered areas shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13. [101:19.3.5.11]
All buildings classified as Use Condition II, Use Condition III, Use Condition IV, or Use Condition V shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.13.2. [101:22.3.5.2]
The automatic sprinkler system required by 13.3.2.13.1 shall meet all of the following criteria:
  1. It shall be in accordance with Section 13.3.
  2. It shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13.
  3. It shall be electrically connected to the fire alarm system.
  4. It shall be fully supervised.

[101:22.3.5.3]

Where required by Table 23.1.6.1 of NFPA 101, facilities shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.14.2. [101:23.3.5.2]
Where this Code permits exceptions for fully sprinklered detention and correctional occupancies or sprinklered smoke compartments, the sprinkler system shall meet all of the following criteria:
  1. It shall be in accordance with Section 13.3.
  2. It shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13.
  3. It shall be electrically connected to the fire alarm system.
  4. It shall be fully supervised.

[101:23.3.5.3]

All buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.15.2. [101:28.3.5.1]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, either for total or partial building coverage, the system shall be in accordance with Section 13.3, as modified by 13.3.2.15.3. In hotel or dormitory occupancies up to and including four stories in height, that are located in buildings not exceeding 60 ft (18.3 m) in height above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. [101:28.3.5.3]
Where located in a building of Type III, Type IV, or Type V construction designed in accordance with 4.6.3(5) of NFPA 101, and where the roof assembly is located more than 55 ft (17 m) above the lowest level of required fire department vehicle access, attics shall comply with 13.3.2.15.2.1.1, 13.3.2.15.1.2, and one of the following:
  1. Attics shall be provided with sprinkler protection.
  2. Attics shall be constructed with noncombustible materials.
  3. Attics shall be constructed with fire-retardant-treated wood.
  4. Attics shall be filled with noncombustible insulation.

[101:28.3.5.3.1]

The height of the roof assembly shall be determined by measuring the distance from the lowest level of required fire department vehicle access adjacent to the building to the eave of the highest pitched roof, the intersection of the highest roof to the exterior wall, or the top of the highest parapet, whichever yields the greatest distance. [101:28.3.5.3.1.1]
Required fire department vehicle access roads used in 28.3.5.3.1.1 shall include only those roads that are necessary for required fire department vehicle access in accordance with Section 18.2. [101:28.3.5.3.1.2]
The provisions for draft stops and closely spaced sprinklers in NFPA 13 shall not be required for openings complying with 8.6.9.1 of NFPA 101 where the opening is within the guest room or guest suite. [101:28.3.5.4]
Listed quick-response or listed residential sprinklers shall be used throughout guest rooms and guest room suites. [101:28.3.5.6]
Open parking structures that comply with NFPA 88A and are contiguous with hotels or dormitories shall be exempt from the sprinkler requirements of 13.3.2.15.1. [101:28.3.5.7]
All high-rise buildings, other than those where each guest room or guest suite has exterior exit access in accordance with 7.5.3 of NFPA 101, shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.16.2. [101:29.3.5.1]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, either for total or partial building coverage, the system shall be in accordance with Section 13.3, as modified by 13.3.2.16.3 and 13.3.2.16.4. In buildings four or fewer stories in height and not exceeding 60 ft (18.3 m) in height above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. [101:29.3.5.3]
The provisions for draft stops and closely spaced sprinklers in NFPA 13 shall not be required for openings complying with 8.6.9.1 of NFPA 101 where the opening is within the guest room or guest suite. [101:29.3.5.4]
In guest rooms and in guest room suites, sprinkler installations shall not be required in closets not exceeding 24 ft2 (2.2 m2) and in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2). [101:29.3.5.5]
All buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with 13.3.2.17.2. [101:30.3.5.1]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, either for total or partial building coverage, the system shall be in accordance with Section 13.3, as modified by 13.3.2.17.3 and 13.3.2.17.5. In apartment buildings up to and including four stories in height, that are located in buildings not exceeding 60 ft (18.3 m) in height above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. [101:30.3.5.2]
Where located in a building of Type III, Type IV, or Type V construction designed in accordance with 4.6.3(5) of NFPA 101, and where the roof assembly is located more than 55 ft (17 m) above the lowest level of required fire department vehicle access, attics shall comply with 13.3.2.17.2.1.1, 13.3.2.17.2.1.2, and one of the following:
  1. Attics shall be provided with sprinkler protection.
  2. Attics shall be constructed with noncombustible materials.
  3. Attics shall be constructed with fire-retardant-treated wood.
  4. Attics shall be filled with noncombustible insulation.

[101:30.3.5.2.1]

The height of the roof assembly shall be determined by measuring the distance from the lowest level of required fire department vehicle access adjacent to the building to the eave of the highest pitched roof, the intersection of the highest roof to the exterior wall, or the top of the highest parapet, whichever yields the greatest distance. [101:30.3.5.2.1.1]
Required fire department vehicle access roads used in 13.3.2.17.2.1.1 shall include only those roads that are necessary for required fire department vehicle access in accordance with Section 18.2. [101:30.3.5.2.1.2]
In buildings sprinklered in accordance with NFPA 13, closets less than 12 ft2 (1.1 m2) in area in individual dwelling units shall not be required to be sprinklered. Closets that contain equipment such as washers, dryers, furnaces, or water heaters shall be sprinklered, regardless of size. [101:30.3.5.3]
In buildings sprinklered in accordance with NFPA 13 bathrooms not greater than 55 ft2 (5.1 m2) in individual dwelling units shall not be required to be sprinklered. [101:30.3.5.4]
The draft stop and closely spaced sprinkler requirements of NFPA 13 shall not be required for convenience openings complying with 8.6.9.1 of NFPA 101 where the convenience opening is within the dwelling unit. [101:30.3.5.5]
Listed quick-response or listed residential sprinklers shall be used throughout all dwelling units. [101:30.3.5.6]
Open parking structures complying with NFPA 88A that are contiguous with apartment buildings shall be exempt from the sprinkler requirements of 13.3.2.17.1. [101:30.3.5.7]
Buildings with unprotected openings in accordance with 8.6.6 of NFPA 101 shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.17.1. [101:30.3.5.8]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, either for total or partial building coverage, the system shall be installed in accordance with Section 13.3, as modified by 13.3.2.18.2 and 13.3.2.18.4. In buildings four or fewer stories in height and not exceeding 60 ft (18.3 m) in height above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. [101:31.3.5.2]
In individual dwelling units, sprinkler installation shall not be required in closets not exceeding 24 ft2 (2.2 m2) and in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2). Closets that contain equipment such as washers, dryers, furnaces, or water heaters shall be sprinklered, regardless of size. [101:31.3.5.3]
In buildings sprinklered in accordance with NFPA 13 bathrooms not greater than 55 ft2 (5.1 m2) in individual dwelling units shall not be required to be sprinklered. [101:31.3.5.4]
The draft stop and closely spaced sprinkler requirements of NFPA 13 shall not be required for convenience openings complying with 8.6.9.1 of NFPA 101 where the convenience opening is within the dwelling unit. [101:31.3.5.5]
Buildings using Option 3 in accordance with NFPA 101 shall be provided with automatic sprinkler protection installed in accordance with 13.3.2.18.5.1 through 13.3.2.18.5.4. [101:31.3.5.9]
Automatic sprinklers shall be installed in the corridor, along the corridor ceiling, utilizing the maximum spacing requirements of the standards referenced in 13.3.1.2. [101:31.3.5.9.1]
An automatic sprinkler shall be installed within every dwelling unit that has a door opening to the corridor, with such sprinkler positioned over the center of the door, unless the door to the dwelling unit has not less than a 20-minute fire protection rating and is self-closing. [101:31.3.5.9.2]
The workmanship and materials of the sprinkler installation specified in 13.3.2.18.5 shall meet the requirements of 13.3.1.2. [101:31.3.5.9.3]
Where Option 3 is being used to permit the use of 13/4 in. (44 mm) thick, solid-bonded wood-core doors in accordance with 31.2.2.1.3 of NFPA 101, sprinklers shall be provided within the exit enclosures in accordance with NFPA 13. [101:31.3.5.9.4]
Buildings using Option 4 in accordance with NFPA 101 shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.18.1 and meeting the requirements of Section 13.3 for supervision for buildings seven or more stories in height. [101:31.3.5.10]
Where sprinklers are being used as an option to any requirement in this Code, the sprinklers shall be installed throughout the space in accordance with the requirements of that option. [101:31.3.5.11]
All new lodging or rooming houses shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.19.2. [101:26.3.6.1]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is required or is used as an alternative method of protection, either for total or partial building coverage, the system shall be in accordance with Section 13.3 and 13.3.2.19.2.1 through 13.3.2.19.2.6. [101:26.3.6.2]
Activation of the automatic sprinkler system shall actuate the fire alarm system in accordance with Section 13.7. [101:26.3.6.2.1]
In buildings four or fewer stories in height and not exceeding 60 ft (18.3 m) in height above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. [101:26.3.6.2.2]
Systems in accordance with NFPA 13D shall be permitted where all of the following requirements are met:
  1. The lodging or rooming house shall not be part of a mixed occupancy.
  2. Entrance foyers shall be sprinklered.
  3. Lodging or rooming houses with sleeping accommodations for more than eight occupants shall be treated as two-family dwellings with regard to the water supply.

[101:26.3.6.2.3]

In buildings sprinklered in accordance with NFPA 13, closets less than 12 ft2 (1.1 m2) in area in individual dwelling units shall not be required to be sprinklered. [101:26.3.6.2.4]
In buildings sprinklered in accordance with NFPA 13, closets that contain equipment such as washers, dryers, furnaces, or water heaters shall be sprinklered, regardless of size. [101:26.3.6.2.5]
In existing lodging or rooming houses, sprinkler installations shall not be required in closets not exceeding 24 ft2 (2.2 m2) and in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2). [101:26.3.6.2.6]

13.3.2.20.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, either for total or partial building coverage, the system shall be in accordance with Section 13.3. [101:24.3.5.2]
All buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with NFPA 13 and provided with quick-response or residential sprinklers throughout. [101:32.3.3.5.1]
Automatic sprinkler systems shall be provided with electrical supervision in accordance with 13.3.1.8. [101:32.3.3.5.5]
All facilities, other than those meeting the requirement of 13.3.2.21.2.2, shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system, installed in accordance with 13.3.2.21.2.3, using quick-response or residential sprinklers. [101:32.2.3.5.1]
In conversions, sprinklers shall not be required in small board and care homes serving eight or fewer residents when all occupants have the ability as a group to move reliably to a point of safety within 3 minutes. [101:32.2.3.5.2]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, for either total or partial building coverage, all of the following requirements shall be met:
  1. The system shall be in accordance with NFPA 13 and shall initiate the fire alarm system in accordance with 13.7.2.19.
  2. The adequacy of the water supply shall be documented to the AHJ.

[101:32.2.3.5.3]

In buildings four or fewer stories in height and not exceeding 60 ft (18.3 m) in height above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. All habitable areas, closets, roofed porches, roofed decks, and roofed balconies shall be sprinklered. [101:32.2.3.5.3.1]
An automatic sprinkler system with a 30-minute water supply, and complying with all of the following requirements and with NFPA 13D, shall be permitted:
  1. All habitable areas, closets, roofed porches, roofed decks, and roofed balconies shall be sprinklered.
  2. Facilities with more than eight residents shall be treated as two-family dwellings with regard to water supply.

[101:32.2.3.5.3.2]

Automatic sprinkler systems installed in accordance with NFPA 13 and NFPA 13R shall be provided with electrical supervision in accordance with 13.3.1.8. [101:32.2.3.5.4]
Automatic sprinkler systems installed in accordance with NFPA 13D shall be provided with valve supervision by one of the following methods:
  1. Single listed control valve that shuts off both domestic and sprinkler systems and separate shutoff for the domestic system only
  2. Electrical supervision in accordance with 13.3.1.8
  3. Valve closure that causes the sounding of an audible signal in the facility

[101:32.2.3.5.5]

Sprinkler piping serving not more than six sprinklers for any isolated hazardous area shall be permitted to be installed in accordance with 13.3.1.4 and shall meet all of the following requirements:
  1. In new installations, where more than two sprinklers are installed in a single area, waterflow detection shall be provided to initiate the fire alarm system required by 13.7.2.19.
  2. The duration of water supplies shall be as required by 13.3.2.21.2.3.2.

[101:32.2.3.5.6]

Attics shall be protected in accordance with 13.3.2.21.2.7.1 or 13.3.2.21.2.7.2. [101:32.2.3.5.7]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is required by 13.3.2.21.2, attics used for living purposes, storage, or fuel fired equipment shall be protected with automatic sprinklers that are part of the required, approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.1.2. [101:32.2.3.5.7.1]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is required by 13.3.2.21.2, attics not used for living purposes, storage, or fuel-fired equipment shall meet one of the following criteria:
  1. Attics shall be protected throughout by a heat detection system arranged to activate the building fire alarm system in accordance with Section 13.7.
  2. Attics shall be protected with automatic sprinklers that are part of the required, approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.1.2.
  3. Attics shall be of noncombustible or limited-combustible construction.
  4. Attics shall be constructed of fire-retardant-treated wood in accordance with NFPA 703.

[101:32.2.3.5.7.2]

Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, for either total or partial building coverage, the system shall be installed in accordance with Section 13.3, as modified by 13.3.2.22.1.1.1 through 13.3.2.22.1.1.3. [101:33.3.3.5.1]
In buildings four or fewer stories above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. [101:33.3.3.5.1.1]
In facilities having prompt or slow evacuation capability, automatic sprinklers shall not be required in closets not exceeding 24 ft2 (2.2 m2) and in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2), provided that such spaces are finished with noncombustible or limited-combustible materials. [101:33.3.3.5.1.2]
Initiation of the fire alarm system shall not be required for existing installations in accordance with 13.3.2.22.1.6. [101:33.3.3.5.1.3]
All facilities having impractical evacuation capability shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13. [101:33.3.3.5.2]
All high-rise buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.22.1. Such systems shall initiate the fire alarm system in accordance with 13.7.1.4. [101:33.3.3.5.3]
Attics shall be protected in accordance with 13.3.2.22.1.4.1 or 13.3.2.22.1.4.2. [101:33.3.3.5.4]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, attics used for living purposes, storage, or fuel-fired equipment shall be protected with automatic sprinklers that are part of the required, approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.1.2. [101:33.3.3.5.4.1]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, attics not used for living purposes, storage, or fuel-fired equipment shall meet one of the following criteria:
  1. Attics shall be protected throughout by a heat detection system arranged to activate the building fire alarm system in accordance with Section 13.7.
  2. Attics shall be protected with automatic sprinklers that are part of the required, approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.1.2.
  3. Attics shall be of noncombustible or limited-combustible construction.
  4. Attics shall be constructed of fire-retardant-treated wood in accordance with NFPA 703.

[101:33.3.3.5.4.2]

Automatic sprinkler systems shall be supervised in accordance with Section 13.3; waterflow alarms shall not be required to be transmitted off-site. [101:33.3.3.5.5]
Sprinkler piping serving not more than six sprinklers for any isolated hazardous area in accordance with 13.3.1.4 shall be permitted; in new installations where more than two sprinklers are installed in a single area, waterflow detection shall be provided to initiate the fire alarm system required by 13.7.2.22. [101:33.3.3.5.6]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, for either total or partial building coverage, all of the following requirements shall be met:
  1. The system shall be in accordance with Section 13.3 and shall initiate the fire alarm system in accordance with 13.7.2.21, as modified by 13.3.2.22.2.1.1 through 13.3.2.22.2.1.6.
  2. The adequacy of the water supply shall be documented to the AHJ.

[101:33.2.3.5.3]

In prompt evacuation capability facilities, all of the following shall apply:
  1. An automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13D shall be permitted.
  2. Automatic sprinklers shall not be required in closets not exceeding 24 ft2 (2.2 m2) and in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2), provided that such spaces are finished with lath and plaster or materials providing a 15-minute thermal barrier.

[101:33.2.3.5.3.1]

In slow and impractical evacuation capability facilities, all of the following shall apply:
  1. An automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13D, with a 30-minute water supply, shall be permitted.
  2. All habitable areas and closets shall be sprinklered.
  3. Automatic sprinklers shall not be required in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2), provided that such spaces are finished with lath and plaster or materials providing a 15-minute thermal barrier.

[101:33.2.3.5.3.2]

In prompt and slow evacuation capability facilities, where an automatic sprinkler system is in accordance with NFPA 13, sprinklers shall not be required in closets not exceeding 24 ft2 (2.2 m2) and in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2), provided that such spaces are finished with lath and plaster or materials providing a 15-minute thermal barrier. [101:33.2.3.5.3.3]
In prompt and slow evacuation capability facilities in buildings four or fewer stories above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. [101:33.2.3.5.3.4]
In impractical evacuation capability facilities in buildings four or fewer stories above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. All habitable areas and closets shall be sprinklered. Automatic sprinklers shall not be required in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2), provided that such spaces are finished with lath and plaster or materials providing a 15-minute thermal barrier. [101:33.2.3.5.3.5]
Initiation of the fire alarm system shall not be required for existing installations in accordance with 13.3.2.22.3. [101:33.2.3.5.3.6]
All impractical evacuation capability facilities shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.22.2.1. [101:33.2.3.5.3.7]
Sprinkler piping serving not more than six sprinklers for any isolated hazardous area shall be permitted to be installed in accordance with 13.3.1.4 and shall meet all of the following requirements:
  1. In new installations, where more than two sprinklers are installed in a single area, waterflow detection shall be provided to initiate the fire alarm system required by 13.7.2.21.
  2. The duration of water supplies shall be as required for the sprinkler systems addressed in 13.3.2.22.2.1.

[101:33.2.3.5.6]

Attics shall be protected in accordance with 13.3.2.22.4.1 or 13.3.2.22.4.2. [101:33.2.3.5.7]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, attics used for living purposes, storage, or fuel-fired equipment shall be protected with automatic sprinklers that are part of the required, approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.1.2. [101:33.2.3.5.7.1]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, attics not used for living purposes, storage, or fuel-fired equipment shall meet one of the following criteria:
  1. Attics shall be protected throughout by a heat detection system arranged to activate the building fire alarm system in accordance with Section 13.7.
  2. Attics shall be protected with automatic sprinklers that are part of the required, approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.1.2.
  3. Attics shall be of noncombustible or limited-combustible construction.
  4. Attics shall be constructed of fire-retardant-treated wood in accordance with NFPA 703.
  5. Attics shall be protected by heat alarms arranged to provide occupant notification in accordance with 33.2.3.4.2.

[101:33.2.3.5.7.2]

Mercantile occupancies shall be protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 in any of the following specified locations:
  1. Throughout all mercantile occupancies three or more stories in height
  2. Throughout all mercantile occupancies exceeding 12,000 ft2 (1115 m2) in gross area
  3. Throughout stories below the level of exit discharge where such stories have an area exceeding 2500 ft2 (232 m2) and are used for the sale, storage, or handling of combustible goods and merchandise
  4. Throughout multiple occupancies protected as mixed occupancies in accordance with 6.1.14 where the conditions of 13.3.2.23.1(1), (2), or (3) apply to the mercantile occupancy

[101:36.3.5.1]

Automatic sprinkler systems in Class A mercantile occupancies shall be supervised in accordance with 13.3.1.8. [101:36.3.5.2]
Bulk merchandising retail buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3 and the applicable provisions of the following:
  1. This Code
  2. NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems
  3. NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code
  4. NFPA 30B, Code for the Manufacture and Storage of Aerosol Products

[101:36.4.5.5]

The mall structure and all anchor buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 and 13.3.2.23.4.1.2. [101:36.4.4.13.1]
The system shall be installed in such a manner that any portion of the system serving tenant spaces can be taken out of service without affecting the operation of the portion of the system serving the mall concourse. [101:36.4.4.13.2]
There shall be a hose outlet connected to a system sized to deliver 250 gal/min (946 L/min) at the most hydraulically remote outlet. [5000:27.4.4.8.2.1]
The outlet shall be supplied from the mall concourse zone sprinkler system and shall be hydraulically calculated. [5000:27.4.4.8.2.2]
Hose outlets shall be provided at each of the following locations:
  1. Within the mall concourse at the entrance to each exit passage or corridor
  2. At each floor level landing within enclosed stairways opening directly onto the mall concourse
  3. At exterior public entrances to the mall concourse

[5000:27.4.4.8.2.3]

Mercantile occupancies, other than one-story buildings that meet the requirements of a street floor, as defined in 3.3.192.19, shall be protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 in any of the following specified locations:
  1. Throughout all mercantile occupancies with a story over 15,000 ft2 (1400 m2) in area
  2. Throughout all mercantile occupancies exceeding 30,000 ft2 (2800 m2) in gross area
  3. Throughout stories below the level of exit discharge where such stories have an area exceeding 2500 ft2 (232 m2) and are used for the sale, storage, or handling of combustible goods and merchandise
  4. Throughout multiple occupancies protected as mixed occupancies in accordance with 6.1.14 where the conditions of 13.3.2.24.1(1), (2), or (3) apply to the mercantile occupancy

[101:37.3.5.1]

Bulk merchandising retail buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3 and the applicable provisions of the following:
  1. This Code
  2. NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems
  3. NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code
  4. NFPA 30B, Code for the Manufacture and Storage of Aerosol Products

[101:37.4.5.5]

Underground and limited access structures, and all areas and floor levels traversed in traveling to the exit discharge, shall be protected by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3, unless such structures meet one of the following criteria:
  1. They have an occupant load of 50 or fewer persons in new underground or limited access portions of the structure.
  2. They have an occupant load of 100 or fewer persons in existing underground or limited access portions of the structure.
  3. The structure is a one-story underground or limited access structure that is permitted to have a single exit, per Chapters 12 through 43 of NFPA 101, with a common path of travel not greater than 50 ft (15 m).

[101:11.7.3.4]

New high-rise buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3.
Existing high-rise buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with this chapter and 13.3.2.26.2.1 through 13.3.2.26.2.3.
Each building owner shall, within 180 days of receiving notice, file an intent to comply with this regulation with the AHJ for approval.
The AHJ shall review and respond to the intent-to-comply submittal within 60 days of receipt.

13.3.2.26.2.3*

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The entire high-rise apartment building that is a condominium shall be required to be protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system by January 1, 2024 or comply with the requirement of FFPC 101: Chapter 31.

13.3.2.26.2.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All existing high-rise apartment buildings that are condominiums shall be subject to the provisions of Section 718.111 and 718.112, Florida Statutes, which shall supercede the requirement for an approved automatic sprinkler system.

13.3.2.26.2.5

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All existing high-rise apartment buildings that are cooperatives shall be subject to the provisions of Section 719.1055, Florida Statutes, which shall supercede the requirements for an approved automatic sprinkler system.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout all occupancies containing areas greater than 2500 ft2 (232 m2) for the high-piled storage of combustibles.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout all occupancies containing areas greater than 12,000 ft2 (1115 m2) for the storage of combustibles.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout all occupancies containing storage commodities classified as Group A Plastics in excess of 5 ft (1.5 m) in height over an area exceeding 2500 ft2 (232 m2) in area.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout all mini-storage buildings greater than 2500 ft2 (232 m2) and where any of the individual storage units are separated by less than a 1-hour fire resistance-rated barrier. [5000:30.3.5.3]
Buildings and structures where the volume for the storage of tires exceeds 20,000 ft3 (566 m3) shall be equipped throughout with an approved automatic fire sprinkler system. [5000:30.3.5.2]
An approved automatic fire sprinkler system shall be installed in buildings containing woodworking operations exceeding 2500 ft2 (232 m2) that use equipment, machinery, or appliances; that generate finely divided combustible waste; or that use finely divided combustible materials. [5000:29.3.5.1.2]
Buildings with unprotected openings in accordance with 8.6.6 of NFPA 101 shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101:16.3.5.3; 101:17.3.5.3]
New industrial occupancies, other than low-hazard industrial occupancies, shall be protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 in any of the following locations:
  1. Throughout all industrial occupancies three or more stories in height
  2. Throughout all industrial occupancies exceeding 12,000 ft2 (1115 m2) in fire area
  3. Where the total area of all floors, including mezzanines, exceeds 24,000 ft2 (2230 m2)

[5000:29.3.5.1.1]

A sprinkler system installed in accordance with this Code shall be properly maintained to provide at least the same level of performance and protection as designed. The owner shall be responsible for maintaining the system and keeping it in good working condition.
A sprinkler system installed in accordance with this Code shall be inspected, tested, and maintained in accordance with NFPA 25.
Where automatic sprinklers are installed, ceilings necessary for the proper actuation of the fire protection device in accordance with NFPA 13 shall be maintained.
The property owner or designated representative shall be responsible for properly maintaining a water-based fire protection system. [25:4.1.1]
Inspection, testing, maintenance, and impairment procedures shall be implemented in accordance those established in this document and in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. [25:4.1.1.1]
Inspection, testing, and maintenance shall be performed by qualified personnel. [25:4.1.1.2]
The owner shall coordinate with the entity conducting the inspection, testing, and maintenance activities to minimize any water damage caused by the discharge of water. [25:4.1.1.2.1]
Where the property owner or designated representative is not the occupant, the property owner or designated representative shall be permitted to delegate the authority for inspecting, testing, maintenance, and the managing of impairments of the fire protection system to a designated representative. [25:4.1.1.3]
Where a designated representative has received the authority for inspecting, testing, maintenance, and the managing of impairments, the designated representative shall comply with the requirements identified for the property owner or designated representative throughout this Code. [25:4.1.1.4]
The property owner or designated representative shall ensure that water-filled piping is maintained at a minimum temperature of 40°F (4.0°C) unless an approved anti-freeze solution is utilized. [25:4.1.2]
All areas of the building containing water-filled piping that does not have another means of freeze protection shall be maintained at a minimum temperature of 40°F (4.0°C). [25:4.1.2.1]
Aboveground water-filled pipes that pass through open areas, cold rooms, passageways, or other areas exposed to temperatures below 40°F (4.0°C), protected against freezing by insulating coverings, frostproof casings, listed heat tracing systems, or other reliable means shall be maintained at temperatures between 40°F (4.0°C) and 120°F (48.9°C). [25:4.1.2.2]
Where other approved means of freeze protection for water-filled piping as described in 13.3.3.4.1.2.2 are utilized they shall be inspected, tested, and maintained in accordance with NFPA 25. [25:4.1.2.3]
The property owner or designated representative shall provide ready accessibility to components of water-based fire protection systems that require inspection, testing, and maintenance. [25:4.1.3]
The property owner or designated representative shall notify the AHJ, the fire department, if required, and the alarm-receiving facility before testing or shutting down a system or its supply. [25:4.1.4]
The notification of system shutdown or test shall include the purpose for the shutdown, the system or component involved, the estimated time of shutdown or test, and the expected duration of the shutdown or test. [25:4.1.4.1]
The AHJ, the fire department, and the alarm-receiving facility shall be notified when the system, supply, or component is returned to service or when the test is complete. [25:4.1.4.2]