Plumbing fixtures shall be provided in the minimum number as shown in Table 403.1, based on the actual use of the building or space. Uses not shown in Table 403.1 shall be considered individually by the code official. The number of occupants shall be determined by the Florida Building Code, Building.
|NO.||CLASSIFICATION||DESCRIPTION||WATER CLOSETS |
(URINALS: SEE SECTION 424.2)
|1||Assembly||Theaters and other buildings for the performing arts and motion picturesd||1 per 125||1 per 65||1 per 200||—||1 per 500||1 service sink|
|Nightclubs, bars, taverns, dance halls and buildings for similar purposesd||1 per 40||1 per 40||1 per 75||—||1 per 500||1 service sink|
|Restaurants, banquet halls and food courtsd||1 per 75||1 per 75||1 per 200||—||1 per 500||1 service sink|
|Casino gaming areas||1 per 100 for the first 400 and 1 per 250 for the remainder exceeding 400||1 per 50 for the first 400 and 1 per 150 for the remainder exceeding 400||1 per 250 for the first 750 and 1 per 500 for the remainder exceeding 750||—||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
|Auditoriums without permanent seating, art galleries, exhibition halls, museums, lecture halls, libraries, arcades and gymnasiumsd||1 per 125||1 per 65||1 per 200||—||1 per 500||1 service sink|
|Passenger terminals and transportation facilitiesd||1 per 500||1 per 500||1 per 750||—||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
|Places of worship and other religious servicesd||1 per 150||1 per 75||1 per 200||—||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
|Coliseums, arenas, skating rinks, pools and tennis courts for indoor sporting events and activities||1 per 75 for the first 1,500 and 1 per 120 for the remainder exceeding 1,500||1 per 40 for the first 1,520 and 1 per 60 for the remainder exceeding 1,520||1 per 200||1 per 150||—||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
|Stadiums, amusement parks, bleachers and grandstands for outdoor sporting events and activitiesf||1 per 75 for the first 1,500 and 1 per 120 for the remainder exceeding 1,500||1 per 40 for the first 1,520 and 1 per 60 for the remainder exceeding 1,520||1 per 200||1 per 150||—||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
|2||Business||Buildings for the transaction of business, professional services, other services involving merchandise, office buildings, banks, ambulatory care, light industrial and similar uses||1 per 25 for the first 50 and 1 per 50 for the remainder exceeding 50||1 per 40 for the first 80 and 1 per 80 for the remainder exceeding 80||—||1 per 100||1 service sinke|
|3||Educational||Educational facilities||1 per 50||1 per 50||—||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|4||Factory and industrial||Structures in which occupants are engaged in work fabricating, assembly or processing of products or materials||1 per 100||1 per 100||—||1 per 400||1 service sink|
|5||Institutional||Custodial care facilities||1 per 10||1 per 10||1 per 8||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|Medical care recipients in hospitals and nursing homes||1 per roomc||1 per roomc||1 per 15||1 per 100||1 service sink per floor|
|Employees in hospitals and nursing homesb||1 per 25||1 per 35||—||1 per 100||—|
|Visitors in hospitals and nursing homes||1 per 75||1 per 100||—||1 per 500||—|
|Prisonsb||1 per cell||1 per cell||1 per 15||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|Reformitories, detention centers, and correctional centersb||1 per 15||1 per 15||1 per 15||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|Employees in reformitories, detention centers and correctional centersb||1 per 25||1 per 35||—||1 per 100||—|
|Adult day care and child day care||1 per 15||1 per 15||1||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|6||Mercantile||Retail stores, service stations, shops, salesrooms, markets and shopping centers||1 per 500||1 per 750||—||1 per 1,000||1 service sinke|
|7||Residential||Hotels, motels, boarding houses (transient)||1 per sleeping unit||1 per sleeping unit||1 per sleeping unit||—||1 service sink|
|Dormitories, fraternities, sororities and boarding houses (not transient)||1 per 10||1 per 10||1 per 8||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|Apartment house||1 per dwelling unit||1 per dwelling unit||1 per dwelling unit||—||1 kitchen sink per dwelling unit; 1 automatic clothes washer connection per 20 dwelling units|
|Congregate living facilities with 16 or fewer persons||1 per 10||1 per 10||1 per 8||1 per 100||1 service sink|
|One- and two-family dwellings and lodging houses with five or fewer guestrooms||1 per dwelling unit||1 per dwelling unit||1 per dwelling unit||—||1 kitchen sink per dwelling unit; 1 automatic clothes washer connection per dwelling unit|
|8||Storage||Structures for the storage of goods, warehouses, storehouse and freight depots. Low and Moderate Hazard.||1 per 100||1 per 100||—||1 per 1,000||1 service sink|
To determine the occupant load of each sex, the total occupant load shall be divided in half. To determine the required number of fixtures, the fixture ratio or ratios for each fixture type shall be applied to the occupant load of each sex in accordance with Table 403.1. Fractional numbers resulting from applying the fixture ratios of Table 403.1 shall be rounded up to the next whole number. For calculations involving multiple occupancies, such fractional numbers for each occupancy shall first be summed and then rounded up to the next whole number.
Exception: The total occupant load shall not be required to be divided in half where approved statistical data indicates a distribution of the sexes of other than 50 percent of each sex.
In assembly occupancies, restrooms which are open to the public must have a ratio of 3:2 water closets provided for women as the combined total of water closets and urinals provided for men, unless these are two or fewer such fixtures for men, in accordance with §553.86, Florida Statutes. The ratio established by potty parity is not required to be maintained for the additional fixtures provided in excess of the minimum required fixtures.
Exception: This section does not apply to establishments licensed under Chapter 509, Florida Statutes, if the establishment does not provide meeting or banquet rooms which accommodate more than 150 people, and the establishment has at least the same number of water closets for women as the combined total of water closets and urinals for men.
Where plumbing fixtures are required, separate facilities shall be provided for each sex.
For structures and tenant spaces intended for public utilization, customers, patrons and visitors shall be provided with public toilet facilities. Employees associated with structures and tenant spaces shall be provided with toilet facilities. The number of plumbing fixtures located within the required toilet facilities shall be provided in accordance with Section 403 for all users. Employee toilet facilities shall be either separate or combined employee and public toilet facilities.
Exception: Public toilet facilities shall not be required for:
In occupancies other than covered and open mall buildings, the required public and employee toilet facilities shall be located not more than one story above or below the space required to be provided with toilet facilities, and the path of travel to such facilities shall not exceed a distance of 500 feet (152 m).
Exception: The location and maximum distances of travel to required employee facilities in factory and industrial occupancies are permitted to exceed that required by this section, provided that the location and maximum distance of travel are approved.
Swimming pools with a bathing load of 20 persons or less may utilize a unisex restroom. Pools with bathing loads of 40 persons or less may utilize two unisex restrooms or meet the requirement of Table 403.6. Unisex restrooms shall meet all the requirements for materials, drainage and signage as indicated in Sections 4126.96.36.199.1 through 4188.8.131.52.4 of the Florida Building Code, Building. Each shall include a water closet, a diaper change table, a urinal, and a lavatory. Pools with a bathing load larger than 40 persons shall provide separate sanitary facilities labeled for each sex. The entry doors of all restrooms shall be located within a 200-foot (60 960 mm) walking distance of the nearest water's edge of each pool served by the facilities.
Exception: Where a swimming pool serves only a designated group of residential dwelling units including hotel rooms and not the general public, poolside sanitary facilities are not required if all living units are within a 200-foot horizontal radius of the nearest water's edge, are not over three stories in height unless serviced by an elevator, and are each equipped with private sanitary facilities.
PUBLIC SWIMMING POOL—REQUIRED FIXTURES COUNT
|MEN'S RESTROOMS||WOMEN'S |
|0 - 2500 sq ft||1||1||1||1||1|
|2501 - 5000 sq ft||2||1||1||5||1|
|5001 - 7500 sq ft||2||2||2||6||2|
|7501 - 10,000 sq ft||3||2||3||8||3|
For SI: 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2.
Each water closet utilized by the public or employees shall occupy a separate compartment with walls or partitions and a door enclosing the fixtures to ensure privacy.
Each urinal utilized by the public or employees shall occupy a separate area with walls or partitions to provide privacy. The width between walls or partitions at each urinal shall be not less than 30 inches (762 mm). The walls or partitions shall begin at a height not greater than 12 inches (305 mm) from and extend not less than 60 inches (1524 mm) above the finished floor surface. The walls or partitions shall extend from the wall surface at each side of the urinal not less than 18 inches (457 mm) or to a point not less than 6 inches (152 mm) beyond the outermost front lip of the urinal measured from the finished backwall surface, whichever is greater.
Floor flanges for water closets or similar fixtures shall be not less than 0.125 inch (3.2 mm) thick for copper alloy, 0.25 inch (6.4 mm) thick for plastic and 0.25 inch (6.4 mm) thick and not less than a 2-inch (51 mm) caulking depth for cast iron or galvanized malleable iron.
Floor flanges of hard lead shall weigh not less than 1 pound, 9 ounces (0.7 kg) and shall be composed of lead alloy with not less than 7.75-percent antimony by weight. Closet screws and bolts shall be of copper alloy. Flanges shall be secured to the building structure with corrosion-resistant screws or bolts.
Floor drains shall have removable strainers. The floor drain shall be constructed so that the drain is capable of being cleaned. Access shall be provided to the drain inlet. Ready access shall be provided to floor drains.
Shower compartments shall be not less than 900 square inches (0.58 m2) in interior crosssectional area. Shower compartments shall be not less than 30 inches (762 mm) in least dimension as measured from the finished interior dimension of the compartment, exclusive of fixture valves, showerheads, soap dishes and safety grab bars or rails. Except as required in Section 404, the minimum required area and dimension shall be measured from the finished interior dimension at a height equal to the top of the threshold and at a point tangent to its centerline and shall be continued to a height not less than 70 inches (1778 mm) above the shower drain outlet.
Exception: Shower compartments having not less than 25 inches (635 mm) in minimum dimension measured from the finished interior dimension of the compartment, provided that the shower compartment has not less than 1,300 square inches (0.838 m2) of cross-sectional area.
Floors under shower compartments, except where prefabricated receptors have been provided, shall be lined and made water tight utilizing material complying with Sections 4184.108.40.206 through 4220.127.116.11. Such liners shall turn up on all sides not less than 2 inches (51 mm) above the finished threshold level. Liners shall be recessed and fastened to an approved backing so as not to occupy the space required for wall covering, and shall not be nailed or perforated at any point less than 1 inch (25 mm) above the finished threshold. Liners shall be pitched one-fourth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope) and shall be sloped toward the fixture drains and be securely fastened to the waste outlet at the seepage entrance, making a water-tight joint between the liner and the outlet. The completed liner shall be tested in accordance with Section 312.9.