CODES

ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Property Maintenance Code 2012 (IPMC 2012)

Chapter 1 Scope and Administration

Chapter 1 ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 General Requirements

Chapter 4 Light, Ventilation and Occupancy Limitations

Chapter 5 Plumbing Facilities and Fixture Requirements

Chapter 6 Mechanical and Electrical Requirements

Chapter 7 Fire Safety Requirements

Chapter 8 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Boarding Standard

The provisions of this chapter shall govern the minimum mechanical and electrical facilities and equipment to be provided.
The owner of the structure shall provide and maintain mechanical and electrical facilities and equipment in compliance with these requirements. A person shall not occupy as owner-occupant or permit another person to occupy any premises which does not comply with the requirements of this chapter.
Heating facilities shall be provided in structures as required by this section.
Dwellings shall be provided with heating facilities capable of maintaining a room temperature of 68°F (20°C) in all habitable rooms, bathrooms and toilet rooms based on the winter outdoor design temperature for the locality indicated in Appendix D of the International Plumbing Code. Cooking appliances shall not be used, nor shall portable unvented fuel-burning space heaters be used, as a means to provide required heating.
Exception: In areas where the average monthly temperature is above 30°F (-1°C), a minimum temperature of 65°F (18°C) shall be maintained.

602.3 Heat Supply

STATE AMENDMENT
Every owner and operator of any building who rents, leases or lets one or more dwelling units, or sleeping units rooming unit, dormitory or guestroom on terms, either expressed or implied, to furnish heat to the occupants thereof shall supply heat during the a period from [DATE] to [DATE] starting no later than October 1 and ending no earlier than May 1 to maintain a minimum temperature of not less than 68°F (20°C) in all habitable rooms, bathrooms and toilet rooms.
Exceptions:
1. When the outdoor temperature is below the winter outdoor design temperature for the locality District, maintenance of the minimum room temperature shall not be required provided that the heating system is operating at its full design capacity. The winter outdoor design temperature for the locality shall be as indicated in Appendix D of the International Plumbing Code. District of Columbia is 17°F (-8.33°C).
2. In areas where the average monthly temperature is above 30°F (-1°C) a minimum temperature of 65°F (18°C) shall be maintained. Heat in a building with a two-pipe system, or any other system reasonably requiring more than 15 days to transition from air-conditioning to heat, shall be supplied during a period starting no later than October 15 and ending no earlier than May 1 to maintain a temperature of not less than 68 ºF (20ºC) in all habitable rooms, bathrooms and toilet rooms.
Indoor occupiable work spaces shall be supplied with sufficient heat during the period from [DATE] to [DATE] October 15 to May 15 to maintain a minimum temperature of 65°F (18°C) during the period hours the spaces are occupied.
Exceptions:
1. Processing, storage and operation areas that require cooling or special specific temperature conditions.
2. Areas in which persons are primarily engaged in vigorous physical activities.
The required room temperatures shall be measured 3 feet (914 mm) above the floor near the center of the room and 2 feet (610 mm) inward from the center of each exterior wall.
The owner of a multiple dwelling, containing two or more units served by a heating facility, shall cause the heating facility to be inspected by a qualified person annually. A copy of all inspection and service reports shall be available for public inspection on site in the office of the building operator.

Exception: If the building operator does not have an onsite office, the reports shall be made available for inspection:
  1. By posting the reports in an on-site location accessible to all building residents; or
  2. By mailing or delivering a copy of the reports to each unit; or
  3. By mailing or delivering a notice to each unit identifying a location within the District of Columbia where the reports are available for public inspection during normal business hours.
All mechanical appliances, fireplaces, solid fuel-burning appliances, cooking appliances and water heating appliances shall be properly installed and maintained in a safe working condition, and shall be capable of performing the intended function.
Gas meters and fuel-fired appliances and equipment shall not be located in sleeping rooms, bathrooms, toilet rooms, storage closets, or surgical rooms, or in a space that opens only into such rooms or spaces, except where the installation complies with one of the following:
  1. The appliance is a direct-vent appliance installed in accordance with the conditions of the listing and the manufacturer’s instructions.
  2. Vented room heaters, wall furnaces, vented decorative appliances, vented gas fireplaces, vented gas fireplace heaters and decorative appliances for installation in vented solid fuel-burning fireplaces are installed in rooms that meet the required volume criteria of the Fuel Gas Code Section 304.5.
  3. A single wall-mounted unvented room heater is installed in a bathroom and such unvented room heater is equipped as specified in the Fuel Gas Code Section 621.6 and has an input rating not greater than 6,000 Btu/h (1.76 kW). The bathroom shall meet the required volume criteria of the Fuel Gas Code Section 304.5.
  4. A single wall-mounted unvented room heater is installed in a bedroom and such unvented room heater is equipped as specified in the Fuel Gas Code Section 621.6 and has an input rating not greater than 10,000 Btu/h (2.93 kW). The bedroom shall meet the required volume criteria of the Fuel Gas Code Section 304.5.
  5. The appliance is installed in a room or space that opens only into a bedroom or bathroom, and such room or space is used for no other purpose and is provided with a solid weather-stripped door equipped with an approved self-closing device. All combustion air shall be taken directly from the outdoors in accordance with the Fuel Gas Code Section 304.6.
All fuel-burning equipment and appliances shall be connected to an approved chimney or vent.
Exception: Fuel-burning equipment and appliances which are labeled for unvented operation.
All required clearances to combustible materials shall be maintained.
All safety controls for fuel-burning equipment shall be maintained in effective operation.
A supply of air for complete combustion of the fuel and for ventilation of the space containing the fuel-burning equipment shall be provided for the fuel-burning equipment.
Devices intended to reduce fuel consumption by attachment to a fuel-burning appliance, to the fuel supply line thereto, or to the vent outlet or vent piping therefrom, shall not be installed unless labeled for such purpose and the installation is specifically approved.
Every occupied building shall be provided with an electrical system in compliance with the requirements of this section and Section 605.

604.2 Service

STATE AMENDMENT
The size and usage of appliances and equipment shall serve as a basis for determining the need for additional facilities in accordance with NFPA 70. Dwelling units shall be served by a three-wire, 120/240 volt, single-phase electrical service having a minimum rating of not less than 60 amperes.

Exception: For installations consisting of not more than two 2-wire branch circuits, service disconnecting means shall have a rating of not less than 30 amperes.
Where it is found that the electrical system in a structure constitutes a hazard to the occupants or the structure by reason of inadequate service, improper fusing, insufficient receptacle and lighting outlets, improper wiring or installation, deterioration or damage, or for similar reasons, the code official shall require the defects to be corrected to eliminate the hazard.
The provisions of this section shall govern the repair and replacement of electrical systems and equipment that have been exposed to water.
Electrical distribution equipment, motor circuits, power equipment, transformers, wire, cable, flexible cords, wiring devices, ground fault circuit interrupters, surge protectors, molded case circuit breakers, low-voltage fuses, luminaires, ballasts, motors and electronic control, signaling and communication equipment that have been exposed to water shall be replaced in accordance with the provisions of the International Building Code.

Exception: The following equipment shall be allowed to be repaired where an inspection report from the equipment manufacturer or approved manufacturer’s representative indicates that the equipment has not sustained damage that requires replacement:

1. Enclosed switches, rated a maximum of 600 volts or less;
2. Busway, rated a maximum of 600 volts;
3. Panelboards, rated a maximum of 600 volts;
4. Switchboards, rated a maximum of 600 volts;
5. Fire pump controllers, rated a maximum of 600 voltss;
6. Manual and magnetic motor controllers;
7. Motor control centers;
8. Alternating current high-voltage circuit breakers;
9. Low-voltage power circuit breakers;
10. Protective relays, meters and current transformers;
11. Low- and medium-voltage switchgear;
12. Liquid-filled transformers;
13. Cast-resin transformers;
14. Wire or cable that is suitable for wet locations and whose ends have not been exposed to water;
15. Wire or cable, not containing fillers, that is suitable for wet locations and whose ends have not been exposed to water;
16. Luminaires that are listed as submersible;
17. Motors;
18. Electronic control, signaling and communication equipment.
The provisions of this section shall govern the repair and replacement of electrical systems and equipment that have been exposed to fire.
Electrical switches, receptacles and fixtures, including furnace, water heating, security system and power distribution circuits, that have been exposed to fire, shall be replaced in accordance with the provisions of the International Building Code.

Exception: Electrical switches, receptacles and fixtures that shall be allowed to be repaired where an inspection report from the equipment manufacturer or approved manufacturer’s representative indicates that the equipment has not sustained damage that requires replacement.

All electrical equipment, wiring and appliances shall be properly installed and maintained in a safe and approved manner.
Every habitable space in a dwelling shall contain at least two separate and remote receptacle outlets. Every laundry area shall contain at least one grounding-type receptacle or a receptacle with a ground fault circuit interrupter. Every bathroom shall contain at least one receptacle. Any new bathroom receptacle outlet shall have ground fault circuit interrupter protection. All receptacle outlets shall have the appropriate faceplate cover for the location.
Every public hall, interior stairway, toilet room, kitchen, bathroom, laundry room, boiler room and furnace room shall contain at least one electric luminaire. Pool and spa luminaries over 15 V shall have ground fault circuit interrupter protection.

605.4 Wiring

STATE AMENDMENT
Flexible cords shall not be used for permanent wiring, or for running through doors, windows, or cabinets, or concealed within walls, floors, or ceilings.
Preventative maintenance shall be performed on switchboards having a capacity of 1000 amperes or larger as required by Article 408.23 of the Electrical Code, as amended.

606.1 General

STATE AMENDMENT
Elevators, dumbwaiters and escalators shall be maintained in compliance with ASME A17.1. The most current certificate of inspection shall be on display at all times within the elevator or attached to the escalator or dumbwaiter, be available for public inspection in the office of the building operator or be posted in a publicly conspicuous location approved by the code official. The inspection and tests shall be performed at not less than the periodic intervals listed in ASME A17.1, Appendix N, except where otherwise specified by the authority having jurisdiction. No elevator or conveying system, including, but not limited to, escalators, dumbwaiters, wheelchair lifts, cartveyors, manlifts and moving walks, shall be operated without a valid certificate of inspection issued by the code official.

Exceptions:
  1. Where the code official authorizes limited approval of use in accordance with the provisions of Section 606.2, or Section 3010.2 of the Building Code.
  2. Elevators and conveying systems covered by the Residential Code where the equipment is serving one dwelling unit.
  3. In Groups R-2 and R-3 occupancies where the equipment is serving one dwelling unit.

606.2 Elevators

STATE AMENDMENT
In buildings equipped with passenger elevators, at least one elevator shall be maintained in operation at all times when the building is occupied.
Exception: Buildings equipped with only one elevator shall be permitted to have the elevator temporarily out of service for testing or servicing.
The certificate of inspection shall contain the following information:
  1. The address of the structure;
  2. The name and address of the owner;
  3. A description of the vertical transportation equipment (e.g., escalator, elevator, dumbwaiter, wheelchair lift, moving walk or conveyor);
  4. The rated load and speed;
  5. A statement that the described equipment has been inspected for compliance with the requirements of the Construction Codes;
  6. The name of the code official; and
  7. Any special stipulations and conditions of the permit under which the equipment was installed, relocated or altered.
A copy of the most current certificate of inspection shall be conspicuously displayed at all times within the elevator car or attached to the conveying system unless display of certificates is exempted pursuant to Section 606.4. If the building operator maintains an office in the same building, the certificate of inspection may be made available for public inspection in the office instead of being on display within the elevator.
Periodic tests and inspections shall be made by the code official, or by an approved Third Party Inspection Agency, and shall be made at the expense and responsibility of the owner. Except as otherwise provided for in this code, the maintenance, inspection and testing of all elevators and conveying systems and their components, including the frequency of inspections and testing, shall conform with Sections 606.3.1 through 606.3.4.
Inspection and tests shall be performed at not less than the periodic intervals listed in ASME A17.1, Appendix N, except where otherwise specified by the code official.

Exception: Units in residential use serving one family dwelling unit.
Inspections and testing of platform lifts and stairway chair lifts shall be performed for all units as stated in ASME A18.1, Safety Standard for Platform Lifts and Stairway Chairlifts.

Exception: Units in residential use serving one family dwelling unit.

606.3.3 Manlifts

STATE AMENDMENT
Inspections and testing of manlifts shall be performed for all units as stated in ASME A90.1, Safety Standard for Manlifts.
Inspections and testing of conveyors and related equipment shall be performed as stated in ASME B20.1, Safety Standard for Conveyors and Related Equipment.

606.3.4.1 Cartveyors

STATE AMENDMENT
Cartveyors shall be maintained as per original equipment manufacturer’s recommendations. Inspection and testing shall be at the same frequency as escalators as stated in ASME A17.1, Appendix N.
Where inspections and tests are not made by the code official, the approved agency shall submit a report of the inspections and tests to the code official on approved forms not more than 30 days after completion of the inspection and tests. Upon receipt of satisfactory inspection and test reports, the code official shall authorize the issuance of a certificate of inspection, or a renewal certificate as provided in Section 3010.9, for each unit of equipment.

Exceptions: The submission of test reports to the code official and the issuance of certificates and display of certificates is not required:
  1. In Group R-2 and R-3 occupancies where the equipment is serving one dwelling unit.
  2. In buildings under the jurisdiction of the Residential Code where the equipment is serving one dwelling unit.
A permit from the Department shall be required: (a) to take an elevator or conveying system out of service pursuant to ASME A17.1, Section 8.11.1.4; or (b) to place an elevator or conveying system in temporarily dormant status as set forth in Section 606.5.1.

606.5.1 Temporarily dormant

STATE AMENDMENT
An elevator or conveying system shall be temporarily dormant where removed from its normal class of service for an extended period of time (not to exceed five years) by an owner’s decision and not due to maintenance or repair. During this period of time, the equipment shall be secured for the benefit of public safety in accordance with the following requirements:
  1. The power supply shall be disconnected by removing fuses and placing a padlock on the mainline disconnect switch in the “OFF” position. This padlock shall not be removed without permission from the code official.
  2. The unit shall be parked and the hoistway/runway doors securely bolted from opening in any plane. The means of securing the doors shall be exclusive of the interlocks.
  3. A wire seal shall be installed on the mainline disconnect switch by an elevator inspector accredited by a national certifying agency and approved by the code official which wire seal shall not be removed without permission from the code official.
  4. The equipment shall not be used again until it has been put in safe running order and passed an acceptance test, congruent with the installation date or the Code Data Tag posted on the equipment, as provided in ASME 17.1, Section 8.10, and the owner has obtained a valid certificate of inspection from the code official.
  5. Annual inspections shall continue for the duration of the period that the elevator is temporarily dormant, and the inspector shall file an annual report with the code official to confirm that the requirements set forth in this section are met.
In buildings equipped with passenger elevators, at least one elevator shall be maintained in operation at all times when the building is occupied.

Exception: Buildings equipped with only one elevator or conveying system shall be permitted to have the elevator or conveying system temporarily out of service for testing, maintenance and/or repair.
The certificate of inspection for each elevator and conveying system must be renewed every 24 months, or at an alternate interval specified by the code official, as long as the unit is in service. Renewal of the certificate of inspection will be granted upon satisfactory demonstration to the code official that the unit of equipment has met all of the inspections and testing required by the Construction Codes and referenced standards.

606.8 Unsafe equipment

STATE AMENDMENT
When, in the opinion of the code official, an elevator or conveying system or its components are unsafe or unlawful, the code official is authorized and empowered to place the unit out of service, and to prohibit the operation of the equipment until the unsafe or unlawful condition is corrected pursuant to the procedures set forth in Section 108. When, in the opinion of the code official, there is imminent danger due to an unsafe condition, the code official is authorized to place the equipment out of service and to take other emergency measures, without notice to the owner, pursuant to Section 109. Whenever the code official places an elevator or conveying system out of service, a placard or notice bearing the words “Unsafe to Use” shall be posted on the equipment and the code official may also attach a lead seal to prevent the equipment from being operated.
When an approved third-party inspection agency inspector observes or identifies unsafe, unlawful or imminently dangerous condition(s) causing an elevator to be removed from service, the inspector shall notify the code official immediately. Where emergency measures are required, the third-party inspector is authorized to place on the unit adjudged to be unsafe or unlawful an “Unsafe to Use” placard; provided, that the code official is notified immediately of the third-party inspector’s action, pursuant to the notification procedures established by the code official.

606.8.2 Placard removal

STATE AMENDMENT
The code official shall remove the “Unsafe to Use” notice whenever the defect or defects upon which a closure action was based have been eliminated. Any person who defaces or removes an “Unsafe to Use” notice or lead seal without the approval of the code official, or operates placarded equipment, shall be subject to the penalties provided by this code. An approved thirdparty inspector is permitted to remove an “Unsafe to Use” Notice issued by that inspector, after abatement of the unsafe or unlawful condition and appropriate reinspection of the conveyance.

Exception: Placarded equipment may be operated only as necessary to effectuate repairs.

606.8.3 Abatement methods

STATE AMENDMENT
The owner of the equipment deemed unsafe by the code official shall abate or cause to be abated or corrected such unsafe conditions either by repair, rehabilitation, replacement or other approved corrective action.
A permanent sign of durable material, with lettering no smaller than one quarter inch (6 mm) high shall be placed in all elevators cars, with the following wording:

ALL ACCIDENTS ON OR DAMAGE TO ELEVATORS ARE TO BE REPORTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF CONSUMER AND REGULATORY AFFAIRS 202-442-4400; OR AFTER WORKING HOURS BY CALLING 311.
Duct systems shall be maintained free of obstructions and shall be capable of performing the required function.

608.1 General

STATE AMENDMENT
The owner or operator of a housing business, who provides air conditioning as a service either through individual air conditioning units or a central air conditioning system, shall maintain each such air conditioning unit or system in safe and good working condition so that it is capable of providing, during a period starting no later than May 15 and ending no earlier than September 15, an inside temperature, in the rooms it is intended to serve, equal to the greater of: (a) 78 ºF (26 ºC); or (b) at least 15 ºF (9 ºC) less than the outside temperature.

Exception: The air conditioning system in a building with a two-pipe system, or any other system reasonably requiring more than 15 days to transition from heat to air conditioning, shall be maintained in safe and good working condition so that it is capable of providing, during the period starting no later than June 1 and ending no earlier than September 15, an inside temperature, in the rooms it is intended to serve, equal to the greater of: (a) 78 ºF (26 ºC); or (b) at least 15 ºF (8 ºC) less than the outside temperature.
The owner of a structure containing two or more units served by central or shared air conditioning equipment, or wall-mounted air conditioning units (not including window air conditioning units), shall cause the air conditioning equipment to be inspected by a qualified person annually. A copy of current inspection and service reports shall be available for public inspection on site in the office of the building operator.

Exception: If the building operator does not have an onsite office, the reports shall be made available for inspection:
  1. By posting the reports in an on site location accessible to all building residents; or
  2. By mailing or delivering a copy of the reports to each unit; or
  3. By mailing or delivering a notice to each unit identifying a location within the District of Columbia where the reports are available for public inspection during normal business hours.
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