Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following terms shall, for the purposes of this code, have the meanings shown in this chapter.
Words stated in the present tense include the future; words stated in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural, the singular.
Where terms are not defined in this code and are defined in the International Building Code, International Existing Building Code, International Fire Code, International Fuel Gas Code, International Mechanical Code, International Plumbing Code, International Residential Code, International Zoning Code or NFPA 70, such terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them as stated in those codes.
Where terms are not defined through the methods authorized by this section, such terms shall have ordinarily accepted meanings such as the context implies.
Whenever the words “dwelling unit,” “dwelling,” “premises,” “building,” “rooming house,” “rooming unit,” “housekeeping unit” or “story” are stated in this code, they shall be construed as though they were followed by the words “or any part thereof.”
ANCHORED. Secured in a manner that provides positive connection.
[A] APPROVED. Approved by the code official.
BASEMENT. That portion of a building which is partly or completely below grade.
BATHROOM. A room containing plumbing fixtures including a bathtub or shower.
BEDROOM. Any room or space used or intended to be used for sleeping purposes in either a dwelling or sleeping unit.
[A] CODE OFFICIAL. The official who is charged with the administration and enforcement of this code, or any duly authorized representative.
COMMON SPACE. All portions of the premises used in common by the occupants of a building or structure not under the exclusive control of a single tenant.
CONDEMN. To adjudge unfit for occupancy.
DETACHED. When a structural element is physically disconnected from another and that connection is necessary to provide a positive connection.
DETERIORATION. To weaken, disintegrate, corrode, rust or decay and lose effectiveness.
[B] DWELLING UNIT. A single unit providing complete, independent living facilities for one or more persons, including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation.
[Z] EASEMENT. That portion of land or property reserved for present or future use by a person or agency other than the legal fee owner(s) of the property. The easement shall be permitted to be for use under, on or above a said lot or lots.
EQUIPMENT SUPPORT. Those structural members or assemblies of members or manufactured elements, including braces, frames, lugs, snuggers, hangers or saddles, that transmit gravity load, lateral load and operating load between the equipment and the structure.
EXTERIOR PROPERTY. The open space on the premises and on adjoining property under the control of owners or operators of such premises.
GARBAGE. The animal or vegetable waste resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking and consumption of food.
GROWING SEASON. The time period from May 1 through October 31 of the same calendar year.
[B] GUARD. A building component or a system of building components located at or near the open sides of elevated walking surfaces that minimizes the possibility of a fall from the walking surface to a lower level.
[B] HABITABLE SPACE. Space in a structure for living, sleeping, eating or cooking. Bathrooms, toilet rooms, closets, halls, storage or utility spaces, and similar areas are not considered habitable spaces.
HOUSING BUSINESS. A business licensed, or required to be licensed, under D.C. Official Code § 47-2828 (2012 Repl.), including any dwelling unit or rooming unit in a residential building that is offered for rent or lease. A housing business also includes the rental of a dwelling unit or rooming unit in a residential building that the housing business owner or operator also occupies. A housing business does not include any transient housing providers, such as a hotel, bed and breakfast, inn and motel, boarding house or rooming house.
HOUSEKEEPING UNIT. A room or group of rooms forming a single habitable space equipped and intended to be used for living, sleeping, cooking and eating which does not contain, within such a unit, a toilet, lavatory and bathtub or shower.
IMMINENT DANGER. A condition which could cause serious or life-threatening injury or death at any time.
INFESTATION. The presence, within or contiguous to, a structure or premises of insects, rats, vermin or other pests.
INOPERABLE MOTOR VEHICLE. A vehicle which cannot be driven upon the public streets for reason including but not limited to being unlicensed, wrecked, abandoned, in a state of disrepair, or incapable of being moved under its own power.
[A] LABELED. Equipment, materials or products to which have been affixed a label, seal, symbol or other identifying mark of a nationally recognized testing laboratory, inspection agency or other organization concerned with product evaluation that maintains periodic inspection of the production of the above-labeled items and whose labeling indicates either that the equipment, material or product meets identified standards or has been tested and found suitable for a specified purpose.
LET FOR OCCUPANCY or LET. To permit, provide or offer possession or occupancy of a dwelling, dwelling unit, rooming unit, building, premise or structure by a person who is or is not the legal owner of record thereof, pursuant to a written or unwritten lease, agreement or license, or pursuant to a recorded or unrecorded agreement of contract for the sale of land.
MAIN ENTRANCE (for Section 304.3). The principal point of entry into a building or other structure from a public street, private street or officially named alley.
NEGLECT. The lack of proper maintenance for a building or structure.
[A] OCCUPANCY. The purpose for which a building or portion thereof is utilized or occupied.
OCCUPANT. Any individual living or sleeping in a building, or having possession of a space within a building.
OPENABLE AREA. That part of a window, skylight or door which is available for unobstructed ventilation and which opens directly to the outdoors.
OPERATOR. Any person who has charge, care or control of a structure or premises which is let or offered for occupancy.
[A] OWNER. Any person, agent, operator, firm or corporation having a legal or equitable interest in the property; or recorded in the official records of the state, county or municipality as holding title to the property; or otherwise having control of the property, including the guardian of the estate of any such person, and the executor or administrator of the estate of such person if ordered to take possession of real property by a court.
PERSON. An individual, corporation, partnership or any other group acting as a unit.
PEST ELIMINATION. The control and elimination of insects, rodents or other pests by eliminating their harborage places; by removing or making inaccessible materials that serve as their food or water; by other approved pest elimination methods.
[A] PREMISES. A lot, plot or parcel of land, easement or public way, including any structures thereon.
PRIVATE THOROUGHFARE (for Section 304.3). Streets, alleys and other thoroughfares where the underlying land is owned by private citizens or entities, or is part of existing tax or record lots adjoining a public thoroughfare.
[A] PUBLIC WAY. Any street, alley or similar parcel of land essentially unobstructed from the ground to the sky, which is deeded, dedicated or otherwise permanently appropriated to the public for public use.
PUBLIC THOROUGHFARE (for Section 304.3). Streets, alleys and other thoroughfares that are under the jurisdiction of the District of Columbia, any other public government, including the Federal Government or its branches, or by any adjoining state government.
QUALIFIED PERSON. One who has received training in and has demonstrated skills and knowledge in the construction and operation of specific equipment and installations and the hazards involved.
ROOMING HOUSE (for the Property Maintenance Code). A building arranged or occupied for lodging, with or without meals, for compensation and not occupied as a one- or two-family dwelling. or part thereof that provides sleeping accommodations for three or more persons who are not members of the immediate family of the resident operator or manager, with or without the provision of meals, for compensation; sleeping units are not under the exclusive control of the occupants. The term rooming house shall not be interpreted to include an establishment known as, or defined in the Construction Codes as, a hotel, motel, inn, bed and breakfast, private club, tourist home, guest house, or other transient accommodation.
ROOMING UNIT. Any room or group of rooms One or more habitable spaces forming a single habitable unit occupied or intended to be occupied for sleeping or living, purposes; but not for cooking purposes. the preparation or eating of meals.
RUBBISH. Combustible and noncombustible waste materials, except garbage; the term shall include the residue from the burning of wood, coal, coke and other combustible materials, paper, rags, cartons, boxes, wood, excelsior, rubber, leather, tree branches, yard trimmings, tin cans, metals, mineral matter, glass, crockery and dust and other similar materials.
[B] SLEEPING UNIT. A room or space in which people sleep, which can also include permanent provisions for living, eating and either sanitation or kitchen facilities, but not both. Such rooms and spaces that are also part of a dwelling unit are not sleeping units.
STREET NUMBER (for Section 304.3). A number used to provide specific identification for a premises on a public or private thoroughfare in the District of Columbia. A street number may be (1) the address of the main entrance of a premises; or (2) an address created when a building has an entrance from the exterior, other than the main entrance, that directly serves a tenant different than that served by the main entrance. It shall be stored as a numeric value.
STRICT LIABILITY OFFENSE. An offense in which the prosecution in a legal proceeding is not required to prove criminal intent as a part of its case. It is enough to prove that the defendant either did an act which was prohibited, or failed to do an act which the defendant was legally required to do.
[A] STRUCTURE. That which is built or constructed or a portion thereof.
SUMMARY ABATEMENT. The process by which the code official may remove a nuisance from any premises, at the expense of the owner in situations where the owner fails to comply with or to appeal a notice or order to abate, or where emergency measures are required.
TENANT. A person, corporation, partnership or group, whether or not the legal owner of record, occupying a building or portion thereof as a unit.
TOILET ROOM. A room containing a water closet or urinal but not a bathtub or shower.
ULTIMATE DEFORMATION. The deformation at which failure occurs and which shall be deemed to occur if the sustainable load reduces to 80 percent or less of the maximum strength.
UNTENDED. Conditions that evidence a lack of care, maintenance, or management or a premises, including buildings or structures.
VEGETATIVE GROWTH. Vegetation of all types, including weeds, poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac, kudzu, plants with noxious odors, and grasses.
[M] VENTILATION. The natural or mechanical process of supplying conditioned or unconditioned air to, or removing such air from, any space.
WORKMANLIKE. Executed in a skilled manner; e.g., generally plumb, level, square, in line, undamaged and without marring adjacent work.
[Z] YARD. An open space on the same lot with a structure.