ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Building Code 2015 (IBC 2015)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

3001.1 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
This chapter governs the design, construction, installation, alteration, repair and maintenance of elevators and conveying systems, including but not limited to, escalators, platform and stairway chair lifts, dumbwaiters, and moving walks, and their components.

3001.2 Referenced Standards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Except as otherwise provided for in this code, the design, construction, installation, alteration, repair and maintenance of elevators and conveying systems and their components shall conform to ASME A17.1/ CSA B44, ASME A18.1, ASME A90.1, ASME B20.1, ANSI MH29.1, ALI ALCTV, ASCE 24 for construction in flood hazard areas established in Section 1612.3, and ICC A117.1. Alteration and repair of existing elevators and conveying systems shall comply with the Existing Building Code. Maintenance of existing elevators and conveying systems shall also comply with the requirements of the Property Maintenance Code.

3001.3 Accessibility

ILLUSTRATION
Passenger elevators required to be accessible or to serve as part of an accessible means of egress shall comply with Sections 1009 and 1109.7.
A change in use of an elevator from freight to passenger, passenger to freight, or from one freight class to another freight class shall comply with Section 8.7 of ASME A17.1/CSA B44.
Elevator, dumbwaiter and other hoistway enclosures shall be shaft enclosures complying with Section 713.
Openings in hoistway enclosures shall be protected as required in Chapter 7.
Exception: The elevator car doors and the associated hoistway enclosure doors at the floor level designated for recall in accordance with Section 3003.2 shall be permitted to remain open during Phase I Emergency Recall Operation.
Hardware on opening protectives shall be of an approved type installed as tested, except that approved interlocks, mechanical locks and electric contacts, door and gate electric contacts and door-operating mechanisms shall be exempt from the fire test requirements.
Where four or more elevator cars serve all or the same portion of a building, the elevators shall be located in not fewer than two separate hoistways. Not more than four elevator cars shall be located in any single hoistway enclosure.
An approved pictorial sign of a standardized design shall be posted adjacent to each elevator call station on all floors instructing occupants to use the exit stairways and not to use the elevators in case of fire. The sign shall read: IN CASE OF FIRE, ELEVATORS ARE OUT OF SERVICE. USE EXIT STAIRS.
Exceptions:
  1. The emergency sign shall not be required for elevators that are part of an accessible means of egress complying with Section 1009.4.
  2. The emergency sign shall not be required for elevators that are used for occupant self-evacuation in accordance with Section 3008.
Where elevators are provided in buildings four or more stories above, or four or more stories below, grade plane, not fewer than one elevator shall be provided for fire department emergency access to all floors. The elevator car shall be of such a size and arrangement to accommodate an ambulance stretcher 24 inches by 84 inches (610 mm by 2134 mm) with not less than 5-inch (127 mm) radius corners, in the horizontal, open position and shall be identified by the international symbol for emergency medical services (star of life). The symbol shall be not less than 3 inches (76 mm) in height and shall be placed inside on both sides of the hoistway door frame.
Where an elevator is installed in a single blind hoistway or on the outside of a building, there shall be installed in the blind portion of the hoistway or blank face of the building, an emergency door in accordance with ASME A17.1/CSA B44.
Doors, other than hoistway doors and the elevator car door, shall be prohibited at the point of access to an elevator car unless such doors are readily openable from the car side without a key, tool, special knowledge or effort.
Elevators shall not be in a common shaft enclosure with a stairway.
Exception: Elevators within open parking garages need not be separated from stairway enclosures.
Glass in elevator enclosures shall comply with Section 2409.2.

3002.9 Plumbing and Mechanical Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Plumbing and mechanical systems shall not be located in an elevator hoistway enclosure.
Exceptions:
  1. Floor drains, sumps and sump pumps shall be permitted at the base of the hoistway enclosure provided they are indirectly connected to the plumbing system.
  2. Machinery and equipment serving the elevator shall be permitted in an elevator hoistway enclosure in conformance with ASME A17.1/CSA B44 Section 2.8.
In buildings and structures where standby power is required or furnished to operate an elevator, the operation shall be in accordance with Sections 3003.1.1 through 3003.1.4.
Standby power shall be manually transferable to all elevators in each bank.
Where only one elevator is installed, the elevator shall automatically transfer to standby power within 60 seconds after failure of normal power.
Where two or more elevators are controlled by a common operating system, all elevators shall automatically transfer to standby power within 60 seconds after failure of normal power where the standby power source is of sufficient capacity to operate all elevators at the same time. Where the standby power source is not of sufficient capacity to operate all elevators at the same time, all elevators shall transfer to standby power in sequence, return to the designated landing and disconnect from the standby power source. After all elevators have been returned to the designated level, at least one elevator shall remain operable from the standby power source.
Where standby power is connected to elevators, the machine room ventilation or air conditioning shall be connected to the standby power source.
Elevators shall be provided with Phase I emergency recall operation and Phase II emergency in-car operation in accordance with ASME A17.1/CSA B44.
All elevators shall be equipped to operate with a standardized fire service elevator key in accordance with the International Fire Code.
Escalators, moving walks, conveyors, personnel hoists and material hoists shall comply with the provisions of Sections 3004.2 through 3004.4.
Escalators and moving walks shall be constructed of approved noncombustible and fire-retardant materials. This requirement shall not apply to electrical equipment, wiring, wheels, handrails and the use of 1/28-inch (0.9 mm) wood veneers on balustrades backed up with noncombustible materials.
Escalator floor openings shall be enclosed with shaft enclosures complying with Section 713.
Where provided in below-grade transportation stations, escalators shall have a clear width of not less than 32 inches (815 mm).
Exception: The clear width is not required in existing facilities undergoing alterations.
Conveyors and conveying systems shall comply with ASME B20.1.
Conveyors and related equipment connecting successive floors or levels shall be enclosed with shaft enclosures complying with Section 713.
Power-operated conveyors, belts and other material-moving devices shall be equipped with automatic limit switches that will shut off the power in an emergency and automatically stop all operation of the device.
Personnel and material hoists shall be designed utilizing an approved method that accounts for the conditions imposed during the intended operation of the hoist device. The design shall include, but is not limited to, anticipated loads, structural stability, impact, vibration, stresses and seismic restraint. The design shall account for the construction, installation, operation and inspection of the hoist tower, car, machinery and control equipment, guide members and hoisting mechanism. Additionally, the design of personnel hoists shall include provisions for field testing and maintenance that will demonstrate that the hoist device functions in accordance with the design. Field tests shall be conducted upon the completion of an installation or following a major alteration of a personnel hoist.
An approved means of access shall be provided to elevator machine rooms, control rooms, control spaces and machinery spaces.
Elevator machine rooms, machinery spaces that contain the driving machine, and control rooms or spaces that contain the operation or motion controller for elevator operation shall be provided with an independent ventilation or air-conditioning system to protect against the overheating of the electrical equipment. The system shall be capable of maintaining temperatures within the range established for the elevator equipment.
The elevator machine room, control rooms or control space with openings into a pressurized elevator hoistway shall be pressurized upon activation of a heat or smoke detector located in the elevator machine room, control room or control space.
Elevator machine rooms, control rooms, control spaces and machinery spaces outside of but attached to a hoistway that have openings into the hoistway shall be enclosed with fire barriers constructed in accordance with Section 707 or horizontal assemblies constructed in accordance with Section 711, or both. The fire-resistance rating shall be not less than the required rating of the hoistway enclosure served by the machinery. Openings in the fire barriers shall be protected with assemblies having a fire protection rating not less than that required for the hoistway enclosure doors.
Exceptions:
  1. For other than fire service access elevators and occupant evacuation elevators, where machine rooms, machinery spaces, control rooms and control spaces do not abut and have no openings to the hoistway enclosure they serve, the fire barriers constructed in accordance with Section 707 or horizontal assemblies constructed in accordance with Section 711, or both, shall be permitted to be reduced to a 1-hour fire-resistance rating.
  2. For other than fire service access elevators and occupant evacuation elevators, in buildings four stories or less above grade plane where machine room, machinery spaces, control rooms and control spaces do not abut and have no openings to the hoistway enclosure they serve, the machine room, machinery spaces, control rooms and control spaces are not required to be fire-resistance-rated.
Where elevator hoistways, elevator machine rooms, control rooms and control spaces containing elevator control equipment are protected with automatic sprinklers, a means installed in accordance with Section 21.4 of NFPA 72 shall be provided to disconnect automatically the main line power supply to the affected elevator prior to the application of water. This means shall not be self-resetting. The activation of automatic sprinklers outside the hoistway, machine room, machinery space, control room or control space shall not disconnect the main line power supply.
Plumbing systems shall not be located in elevator equipment rooms.

3006.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
ILLUSTRATION
Elevator hoistway openings and enclosed elevator lobbies shall be provided in accordance with the following:
  1. Where hoistway opening protection is required by Section 3006.2, such protection shall be in accordance with Section 3006.3.
  2. Where enclosed elevator lobbies are required for underground buildings, such lobbies shall comply with Section 405.4.3.
  3. Where an area of refuge is required and an enclosed elevator lobby is provided to serve as an area of refuge, the enclosed elevator lobby shall comply with Section 1009.6.
  4. Where fire service access elevators are provided, enclosed elevator lobbies shall comply with Section 3007.6.
  5. Where occupant evacuation elevators are provided, enclosed elevator lobbies shall comply with Section 3008.6.
  6. Where an elevator hoistway serves one or more levels of an underground enclosed parking garage and also serves levels above the ground floor, an elevator lobby shall be provided at each garage level served to separate the hoistway openings from the enclosed parking garage. The enclosure of such lobby shall be of smoke-tight construction and extend from slab to slab, so as to oppose the propagation of smoke and gases, and shall not be required to be fire-resistance rated.

3006.2 Hoistway Opening Protection Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Elevator hoistway door openings shall be protected in accordance with Section 3006.3 where (a) an elevator hoistway connects more than three stories(b) is required to be enclosed within a shaft enclosure in accordance with Section 712.1.1 and (3) any of the following conditions apply: (i) the building is not protected throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2; (ii) the building contains a Group I-1 Condition 2 occupancy; (iii) the building contains a Group I-2 occupancy
; or (iv) the building contains a Group I-3 occupancy.
Exceptions:
  1. Protection of elevator hoistway door openings is not required where the elevator serves only open parking garages in accordance with Section 406.5.
  2. Protection of elevator hoistway door openings is not required at the level(s) of exit discharge, provided the level(s) of exit discharge is equipped with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1.
  3. Enclosed elevator lobbies and protection of elevator hoistway door openings are not required on levels where the elevator hoistway opens to the exterior.
Where Section 3006.2 requires protection of the elevator hoistway door opening, the protection shall be provided by one of the following:
  1. An enclosed elevator lobby shall be provided at each floor to separate the elevator hoistway shaft enclosure doors from each floor by fire partitions in accordance with Section 708. In addition, doors protecting openings in the elevator lobby enclosure walls shall comply with Section 716.5.3 as required for corridor walls. Penetrations of the enclosed elevator lobby by ducts and air transfer openings shall be protected as required for corridors in accordance with Section 717.5.4.1.
  2. An enclosed elevator lobby shall be provided at each floor to separate the elevator hoistway shaft enclosure doors from each floor by smoke partitions in accordance with Section 710 where the building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2. In addition, doors protecting openings in the smoke partitions shall comply with Sections 710.5.2.2, 710.5.2.3 and 716.5.9. Penetrations of the enclosed elevator lobby by ducts and air transfer openings shall be protected as required for corridors in accordance with Section 717.5.4.1.
  3. Additional doors shall be provided at each elevator hoistway door opening in accordance with Section 3002.6. Such door shall comply with the smoke and draft control door assembly requirements in Section 716.5.3.1 when tested in accordance with UL 1784 without an artificial bottom seal.
  4. The elevator hoistway shall be pressurized in accordance with Section 909.21.
Elevator lobbies shall be provided with at least one means of egress complying with Chapter 10 and other provisions in this code. Egress through an elevator lobby shall be permitted in accordance with Item 1 of Section 1016.2.
Where required by Section 403.6.1, every floor of the building shall be served by fire service access elevators complying with Sections 3007.1 through 3007.9. Except as modified in this section, fire service access elevators shall be installed in accordance with this chapter and ASME A17.1/CSA B44.
The building shall be equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, except as otherwise permitted by Section 903.3.1.1.1 and as prohibited by Section 3007.2.1.
Automatic sprinklers shall not be installed in machine rooms, elevator machinery spaces, control rooms, control spaces and elevator hoistways of fire service access elevators.
The sprinkler system shall have a sprinkler control valve supervisory switch and water-flow-initiating device provided for each floor that is monitored by the building's fire alarm system.
An approved method to prevent water from infiltrating into the hoistway enclosure from the operation of the automatic sprinkler system outside the enclosed fire service access elevator lobby shall be provided.
Means for elevator shutdown in accordance with Section 3005.5 shall not be installed on elevator systems used for fire service access elevators.
The fire service access elevator hoistway shall be located in a shaft enclosure complying with Section 713.
The fire service access elevator hoistway enclosure shall comply with Sections 403.2.3.1 through 403.2.3.4.
When fire-fighters' emergency operation is active, the entire height of the hoistway shall be illuminated at not less than 1 footcandle (11 lux) as measured from the top of the car of each fire service access elevator.
The fire service access elevator shall open into a fire service access elevator lobby in accordance with Sections 3007.6.1 through 3007.6.5. Egress is permitted through the elevator lobby in accordance with Item 1 of Section 1016.2.
Exception: Where a fire service access elevator has two entrances onto a floor, the second entrance shall be permitted to open into an elevator lobby in accordance with Section 3006.3.
The fire service access elevator lobby shall have direct access from the enclosed elevator lobby to an enclosure for an interior exit stairway or ramp.
Exception: Access to an interior exit stairway or ramp shall be permitted to be through a protected path of travel that has a level of fire protection not less than the elevator lobby enclosure. The protected path shall be separated from the enclosed elevator lobby through an opening protected by a smoke and draft control assembly in accordance Section 716.5.3.
The fire service access elevator lobby shall be enclosed with a smoke barrier having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1 hour, except that lobby doorways shall comply with Section 3007.6.3.
Exception: Enclosed fire service access elevator lobbies are not required at the levels of exit discharge.
Other than doors to the hoistway, elevator control room or elevator control space, each doorway to a fire service access elevator lobby shall be provided with a 3/4-hour fire door assembly complying with Section 716.5. The fire door assembly shall comply with the smoke and draft control door assembly requirements of Section 716.5.3.1 with the UL 1784 test conducted without the artificial bottom seal.

3007.6.4 Lobby Size

ILLUSTRATION
Regardless of the number of fire service access elevators served by the same elevator lobby, the enclosed fire service access elevator lobby shall be not less than 150 square feet (14 m2) in an area with a dimension of not less than 8 feet (2440 mm).
A pictorial symbol of a standardized design designating which elevators are fire service access elevators shall be installed on each side of the hoistway door frame on the portion of the frame at right angles to the fire service access elevator lobby. The fire service access elevator symbol shall be designed as shown in Figure 3007.6.5 and shall comply with the following:
  1. The fire service access elevator symbol shall be not less than 3 inches (76 mm) in height.
  2. The helmet shall contrast with the background, with either a light helmet on a dark background or a dark helmet on a light background.
  3. The vertical center line of the fire service access elevator symbol shall be centered on the hoistway door frame. Each symbol shall be not less than 78 inches (1981 mm), and not more than 84 inches (2134 mm) above the finished floor at the threshold.



For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.


FIGURE 3007.6.5 FIRE SERVICE ACCESS ELEVATOR SYMBOL
The fire service access elevator shall be continuously monitored at the fire command center by a standard emergency service interface system meeting the requirements of NFPA 72.

3007.8 Electrical Power

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The following features serving each fire service access elevator shall be supplied by normal power and Type 60/Class 2/Level 1 standby power:
  1. Elevator equipment.
  2. Elevator hoistway lighting.
  3. Ventilation and cooling equipment for elevator machine rooms, control rooms, machine spaces and control spaces.
  4. Elevator car lighting.
  5. Lighting of elevator machine rooms, control rooms, machine spaces and control spaces.
Wires or cables that are located outside of the elevator hoistway and machine room and that provide normal or standby power, control signals, communication with the car, lighting, heating, air conditioning, ventilation and fire-detecting systems to fire service access elevators shall be protected by construction having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours, shall be a circuit integrity cable having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours or shall be protected by a listed electrical protective system having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours.
Exception: Wiring and cables to control signals are not required to be protected provided that wiring and cables do not serve Phase II emergency in-car operations.
A Class I standpipe hose connection in accordance with Section 905 shall be provided in the interior exit stairway and ramp having direct access from the fire service access elevator lobby.
The exit enclosure containing the standpipe shall have access to the floor without passing through the fire service access elevator lobby.
Where elevators are to be used for occupant self-evacuation during fires, all passenger elevators for general public use shall comply with Sections 3008.1 through 3008.10. Where other elevators are used for occupant self-evacuation, those elevators shall comply with these sections.
Where an additional means of egress is required in accordance with Section 403.5.2, an additional exit stairway shall not be required to be installed in buildings provided with occupant evacuation elevators complying with Section 3008.1.
The building shall have an approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with the applicable requirements of Section 404 of the International Fire Code. The fire safety and evacuation plan shall incorporate specific procedures for the occupants using evacuation elevators.
The occupant evacuation elevators shall be used for occupant self-evacuation in accordance with the occupant evacuation operation requirements in ASME A17.1/CSA B44 and the building's fire safety and evacuation plan.
The building shall be equipped throughout with an approved, electrically supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, except as otherwise permitted by Section 903.3.1.1.1 and as prohibited by Section 3008.2.1.
Automatic sprinklers shall not be installed in elevator machine rooms, machinery spaces, control rooms, control spaces and elevator hoistways of occupant evacuation elevators.
The automatic sprinkler system shall have a sprinkler control valve supervisory switch and water-flow-initiating device provided for each floor that is monitored by the building's fire alarm system.
An approved method to prevent water from infiltrating into the hoistway enclosure from the operation of the automatic sprinkler system outside the enclosed occupant evacuation elevator lobby shall be provided.
Means for elevator shutdown in accordance with Section 3005.5 shall not be installed on elevator systems used for occupant evacuation elevators.
Occupant evacuation elevator hoistways shall be located in shaft enclosures complying with Section 713.
Occupant evacuation elevator hoistway enclosures shall comply with Sections 403.2.3.1 through 403.2.3.4.
Occupant evacuation elevators shall open into an elevator lobby in accordance with Sections 3008.6.1 through 3008.6.6. Egress is permitted through the elevator lobby in accordance with Item 1 of Section 1016.2.
The occupant evacuation elevator lobby shall have direct access from the enclosed elevator lobby to an interior exit stairway or ramp.
Exception: Access to an interior exit stairway or ramp shall be permitted to be through a protected path of travel that has a level of fire protection not less than the elevator lobby enclosure. The protected path shall be separated from the enclosed elevator lobby through an opening protected by a smoke and draft control assembly in accordance Section 716.5.3.
The occupant evacuation elevator lobby shall be enclosed with a smoke barrier having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1 hour, except that lobby doorways shall comply with Section 3008.6.3.
Exception: Enclosed occupant evacuation elevator lobbies are not required at the levels of exit discharge.
Other than the doors to the hoistway, elevator machine rooms, machinery spaces, control rooms and control spaces within the lobby enclosure smoke barrier, each doorway to an occupant evacuation elevator lobby shall be provided with a 3/4-hour fire door assembly complying with Section 716.5. The fire door assembly shall comply with the smoke and draft control assembly requirements of Section 716.5.3.1 with the UL 1784 test conducted without the artificial bottom seal.
A vision panel shall be installed in each fire door assembly protecting the lobby doorway. The vision panel shall consist of fireprotection-rated glazing and shall be located to furnish clear vision of the occupant evacuation elevator lobby.
Each fire door assembly protecting the lobby doorway shall be automatic-closing upon receipt of any fire alarm signal from the emergency voice/alarm communication system serving the building.
Each occupant evacuation elevator lobby shall have minimum floor area as follows:
  1. The occupant evacuation elevator lobby floor area shall accommodate, at 3 square feet (0.28 m2) per person, not less than 25 percent of the occupant load of the floor area served by the lobby.
  2. The occupant evacuation elevator lobby floor area shall accommodate one wheelchair space of 30 inches by 48 inches (760 mm by 1220 mm) for each 50 persons, or portion thereof, of the occupant load of the floor area served by the lobby.
Exception: The size of lobbies serving multiple banks of elevators shall have the minimum floor area approved on an individual basis and shall be consistent with the building's fire safety and evacuation plan.
An approved sign indicating elevators are suitable for occupant self-evacuation shall be posted on all floors adjacent to each elevator call station serving occupant evacuation elevators.
A two-way communication system shall be provided in each occupant evacuation elevator lobby for the purpose of initiating communication with the fire command center or an alternate location approved by the fire department. The two-way communication system shall be designed and installed in accordance with Sections 1009.8.1 and 1009.8.2.
The occupant evacuation elevators shall be continuously monitored at the fire command center or a central control point approved by the fire department and arranged to display all of the following information:
  1. Floor location of each elevator car.
  2. Direction of travel of each elevator car.
  3. Status of each elevator car with respect to whether it is occupied.
  4. Status of normal power to the elevator equipment, elevator machinery and electrical apparatus cooling equipment where provided, elevator machine room, control room and control space ventilation and cooling equipment.
  5. Status of standby or emergency power system that provides backup power to the elevator equipment, elevator machinery and electrical cooling equipment where provided, elevator machine room, control room and control space ventilation and cooling equipment.
  6. Activation of any fire alarm initiating device in any elevator lobby, elevator machine room, machine space containing a motor controller or electric driving machine, control space, control room or elevator hoistway.
The fire command center or an alternate location approved by the fire department shall be provided with the means to manually initiate a Phase I Emergency Recall of the occupant evacuation elevators in accordance with ASME A17.1/CSA B44.

3008.8 Electrical Power

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The following features serving each occupant evacuation elevator shall be supplied by both normal power and Type 60/Class 2/Level 1 standby power:
  1. Elevator equipment.
  2. Ventilation and cooling equipment for elevator machine rooms, control rooms, machinery spaces and control spaces.
  3. Elevator car lighting.
  4. Lighting of elevator machine rooms, control rooms, machine spaces and control spaces.
Wires or cables that are located outside of the elevator hoistway, machine room, control room and control space and that provide normal or standby power, control signals, communication with the car, lighting, heating, air conditioning, ventilation and fire-detecting systems to occupant evacuation elevators shall be protected by construction having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours, shall be circuit integrity cable having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours or shall be protected by a listed electrical circuit protective system having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours.
Exception: Wiring and cables to control signals are not required to be protected provided that wiring and cables do not serve Phase II emergency in-car operation.
The building shall be provided with an emergency voice/ alarm communication system. The emergency voice/alarm communication system shall be accessible to the fire department. The system shall be provided in accordance with Section 907.5.2.2.
Not fewer than one audible and one visible notification appliance shall be installed within each occupant evacuation elevator lobby.
No building areas shall contain hazardous materials exceeding the maximum allowable quantities per control area as addressed in Section 414.2.

Section 3009 Certificate of Inspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

3009.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No elevator or conveying system, including, but not limited to, escalators, dumbwaiters, wheelchair lifts, cartveyors, manlifts and moving walks, shall be operated without a valid certificate of inspection issued by the code official.
Exceptions:
  1. Where the code official authorizes limited approval of use in accordance with the provisions of Section 3009.2.
  2. Elevators and conveying systems covered by the Residential Code where the equipment is serving one dwelling unit.
  3. In Groups R-2 and R-3 occupancies where the equipment is serving one dwelling unit.

3009.2 Limited Approval of Use

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The code official is authorized to grant limited approval of use for any equipment covered by this chapter.

3009.2.1 Work Performed Under Permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A permit issued to install, relocate, alter or repair any equipment covered by this chapter, shall serve as limited approval of use of the equipment by the permit holder during the period of such installation, relocation, alteration or repair.

3009.2.2 Construction Use

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Limited approval of use of an elevator may be granted by the code official during authorized construction or demolition to provide transportation for construction personnel, tools, and materials, provided that full compliance with ASME A17.1-5.10 has been confirmed by the testing, inspection and certification of the elevator by the code official or by an approved third party inspector. Public use of an elevator with limited approval of use under this Section 3009.2.2 is prohibited. Equipment other than elevators shall be tested and protective measures shall be provided as deemed necessary by the code official to ensure safe operation for the limited service specified.

3009.2.2.1 Time Limitation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
For elevators approved for "Construction Use" under ASME A17.1-5.10, the limited approval of use shall be valid for a maximum period of 90 days. The code official is authorized to renew the limited approval of use, after performance of the required inspections and/or tests required by ASME A17.1-8.11.5.13, for additional periods of time not exceeding 90 days each.

3009.3 Final Inspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Upon installation, relocation or alteration of an elevator or conveying system for which a permit is required, a final inspection of the equipment is required to verify that all required inspections have been performed and approved. The permit holder shall apply for and obtain a valid certificate of inspection from the Department within 30 working days after completion of the final inspection.

3009.4 Content of Certificate of Inspection; Posting

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The certificate of inspection shall contain the following information:
  1. The address of the structure.
  2. The name and address of the owner.
  3. A description of the vertical transportation equipment (e.g., escalator, elevator, dumbwaiter, wheelchair lift, moving walk or conveyor).
  4. The rated load and speed.
  5. A statement that the described equipment has been inspected for compliance with the requirements of the Construction Codes.
  6. The name of the code official.
  7. Any special stipulations and conditions of the permit under which the equipment was installed, relocated or altered.

3009.4.1 Posting of Certificate

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A copy of the most current certificate of inspection shall be conspicuously displayed at all times within the elevator car or attached to the conveying system unless exempted pursuant to Section 3009.6. If the building operator maintains an office in the same building, the certificate of inspection may be made available for public inspection in the office instead of being on display within the elevator.

3009.5 Maintenance, Testing, Inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Periodic tests and inspections shall be made by the code official, or by an approved third party agency, and shall be made at the expense and responsibility of the owner. Except as otherwise provided for in this code, the maintenance, inspection and testing of all elevators and conveying systems and their components, including the frequency of inspections and testing, shall conform to:

3009.5.1 Elevators, Escalators and Other Conveyances Listed in ASME A17.1, Appendix N

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Inspection and tests shall be performed at not less than the periodic intervals listed in ASME A17.1, Appendix N, except where otherwise specified by the code official.
Exception: Units in residential use serving one family dwelling unit.

3009.5.2 Platform Lifts and Stairway Chair Lifts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Inspections and testing of platform lifts and stairway chair lifts shall be performed for all units as stated in ASME A18.1- Section 10.
Exception: Units in residential use serving one family dwelling unit.

3009.5.3 Manlifts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Inspections and testing of manlifts shall be performed for all units as stated in ASME A90.1, Safety Standard for Manlifts.

3009.5.4 Conveyors and Related Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Inspections and testing of conveyors and related equipment shall be performed as stated in ASME B20.1, Safety Standard for Conveyors and Related Equipment.

3009.5.4.1 Cartveyors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Cartveyors shall be maintained as per original equipment manufacturer's recommendations. Inspection and testing shall be at the same frequency as escalators in ASME A17.1, Appendix N.

3009.6 Reports and Certificates

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where inspections and tests are not made by the code official, the approved agency shall submit a report of the inspections and tests to the code official on approved forms not more than 30 days after completion of the inspection and tests. Upon receipt of satisfactory inspection and test reports, the code official shall authorize the issuance of a certificate of inspection, or a renewal certificate as provided in Section 3009.9, for each unit of equipment.
Exceptions: The submission of test reports to the code official and the issuance of certificates and display of certificates is not required:
  1. In Groups R-2 and R-3 occupancies where the equipment is serving one dwelling unit.
  2. In buildings under the jurisdiction of the Residential Code where the equipment is serving one dwelling unit.

3009.7 Out of Service; Temporarily Dormant

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A permit from the Department shall be required: (a) to take an elevator or conveying system out of service pursuant to ASME A17.1, Section 8.11.1.4; or (b) to place an elevator or conveying system in temporarily dormant status as set forth in Section 3009.7.1.

3009.7.1 Temporarily Dormant

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An elevator or conveying system shall be temporarily dormant where removed from its normal class of service for an extended period of time (not to exceed five years) by an owner's decision and not due to maintenance or repair. During this period of time, the equipment shall be secured for the benefit of public safety in accordance with the following requirements:
  1. The power supply shall be disconnected by removing fuses and placing a padlock on the mainline disconnect switch in the "OFF" position. The padlock shall not be removed without permission from the code official.
  2. The unit shall be parked and the hoistway/runway doors securely bolted from opening in any plane. The means of securing the doors shall be exclusive of the interlocks. A wire seal shall be installed on the mainline disconnect switch by an elevator inspector accredited by a national certifying agency and approved by the code official. The wire seal shall not be removed without permission from the code official.
  3. The equipment shall not be used again until it has been put in safe running order and passed an acceptance test, congruent with the installation date or the Code Data Tag posted on the equipment, as provided in ASME A17.1, Section 8.10 and the owner has obtained a valid certificate of inspection from the code official.
  4. Annual inspections shall continue for the duration of the period that the elevator is temporarily dormant, and the inspector shall file an annual report with the code official, to confirm that the requirements set forth in this section are met.

3009.8 Equipment in Operation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In buildings equipped with passenger elevators, at least one elevator shall be maintained in operation at all times when the building is occupied.
Exception: Buildings equipped with only one elevator or conveying system shall be permitted to have the elevator or conveying system temporarily out of service for testing, maintenance and/or repair.

3009.9 Renewal of Certificates

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The certificate of inspection, for each elevator and conveying system, must be renewed every 24 months, or at an alternate interval specified by the code official, as long as the unit is in service. Renewal of the certificate of inspection will be granted upon satisfactory demonstration to the code official that the unit of equipment has met all of the inspections and testing required by the Construction Codes and referenced standards.

3009.10 Unsafe Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When, in the opinion of the code official, an elevator or conveying system or its components are unsafe or unlawful, the code official is authorized and empowered to place the unit out of service, and to prohibit the operation of the equipment until the unsafe or unlawful condition is corrected. The code official shall post on the unsafe equipment a placard or notice bearing the words "Unsafe to Use" and may also attach a lead seal to prevent the equipment from being operated.

3009.10.1 Notification of Unsafe or Unlawful Condition

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When an approved Third Party Inspection Agency inspector observes or identifies unsafe or unlawful condition(s) causing an elevator to be removed from service, the inspector shall immediately notify the code official. The inspector is authorized to place on the unit adjudged to be unsafe or unlawful an "Unsafe to Use" placard. The code official must be notified immediately of the Third Party Inspector's action, pursuant to the notification procedures established by the code official.

3009.10.2 Placard Removal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The code official shall remove the "Unsafe to Use" notice whenever the defect or defects upon which the closure action was based have been eliminated. Any person who defaces or removes an "Unsafe to Use" notice or lead seal without the approval of the code official, or operates the placarded equipment, shall be subject to the penalties provided by this code.

An approved Third Party Inspector is permitted to remove an "Unsafe to Use Notice" issued by that inspector, after abatement of the unsafe or unlawful condition and appropriate reinspection of the conveyance.
Exception: Placarded equipment may be operated solely as necessary to effectuate repairs.

3009.10.3 Abatement Methods

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The owner of the equipment deemed unsafe by the code official shall abate or cause to be abated or corrected such unsafe conditions either by repair, rehabilitation, replacement or other approved corrective action.

Section 3010 Required Elevator Signage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

3010.1 Required Elevator Signage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A permanent sign of durable material, with lettering no smaller than 1/4 inch (6 mm) high shall be placed in all elevator cars, with the following wording:

ALL ACCIDENTS ON OR DAMAGE TO ELEVATORS ARE TO BE REPORTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF CONSUMER AND REGULATORY AFFAIRS 202 442-4400; OR AFTER WORKING HOURS BY CALLING 311.

Section 3011 Amendments to Standard ASME A17.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

3011.1 ASME A17.1, Section 1.2.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
1.2.1 Purpose. The purpose of ASME A17.1/CSA B44, Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators, is to provide for the safety of life and limb, and to promote the public welfare. Compliance with this Safety Code shall be achieved by either of the following:
  1. Conformance with the requirements in ASME A17.1/CSA B44.
  2. Using alternative materials, equipment, or methods of construction and design approved in conformance with the requirements of Section 104.11, 12-A DCMR for systems, subsystems, components, or functions that do not conform with requirements in ASME A17.1/CSA B44.

3011.2 ASME A17.1, Section 2.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
2.2.2.7 The sump pump located in the elevator pit shall be connected to a non GFCI dedicated single receptacle or outlet compliant with NEMA 4 "Wet Duty."

2.2.4.2.2 The ladder rungs, cleats, or steps shall be a minimum of 400 mm (16 in.) wide. When obstructions are encountered, the width shall be permitted to be decreased to less than 400 mm (16 in.). The reduced width shall be as wide as the available space permits, but not less than 304.8 mm (12 in.).

3011.3 ASME A17.1, Section 2.27

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
2.27.1.1.1 A two-way communications means between the car and a location staffed by authorized personnel shall be provided and an audible signaling device shall be provided. It shall be operable from the emergency stop switch, where required by Section 2.26.2.5, and from a switch identified as "ALARM," which shall be provided in or adjacent to each car operating panel. The "ALARM" switch or visual identification shall illuminate when the "ALARM" switch is actuated. One audible signaling device shall be permitted to be used for a group of elevators. The audible signaling device shall:

  1. Have a rated sound pressure rating of not less than 80 dBA and no more than 90 dBA at 3 m (10 ft);
  2. Respond without delay after the switch has been activated;
  3. Be located inside the building and audible inside the car and outside the hoistway; and
  4. For elevators with a travel greater than 30 m (100 ft), be duplicated as follows:
    1. One device shall be mounted on the car; and
    2. A second device shall be placed at the designated level.

2.27.1.1.5 If the two-way emergency communications or if the audible signaling device means are normally connected to the building power supply, they shall automatically transfer to a source of standby or emergency power as required by the applicable building code, or where applicable, Standard for Health Care Facilities (ANSI/NFPA-99) after the normal power supply fails. The power source shall be capable of providing power for illumination of the visual indication [see 2.27.1.1.3(c)] within the car, and the means of emergency communications for at least 4 hours; and the audible signaling device (see 2.27.1.1.1 and 2.27.1.2) for at least 1 hour.

3011.4 ASME A17.1, Section 3.26

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
3.26.10 Auxiliary Power Lowering Operation. In the absence of an emergency power supply, an auxiliary power supply shall be provided solely for the purpose of lowering the car in the case of main power failure. The auxiliary lowering operation shall conform to 3.26.10.1 through 3.26.10.3.

3.26.10.1 Auxiliary lowering shall be permitted to be initiated, provided that all operating and control devices, including door open and close buttons function as with normal power supply, except that the following devices shall be permitted to be bypassed or made inoperative:
  1. Landing and car floor registration devices (or call buttons);
  2. Devices enabling operation by designated attendant (hospital service, attendant operation);
  3. Devices initiating emergency recall operation to the recall level, unless otherwise specified in Section 3.27; and
  4. "FIRE OPERATION" switch, unless otherwise specified in Section 3.27.

3.26.10.2 When the auxiliary lowering operation has been initiated, the car shall descend directly to the lowest landing, except that the operating system shall be permitted to allow one or more intermediate stops, and then, after a predetermined interval, the car shall proceed to the lowest landing, provided that the auxiliary power supply is of sufficient capacity to open and close doors at each intermediate stop.

3.26.10.3 If the car and landing doors are power operated, and if the auxiliary power supply is of adequate capacity, the doors shall open when the car stops at the lowest landing and shall close after a predetermined interval.

NOTE (3.26.10): For the main disconnect switch auxiliary contact, see ANSI/NFPA 70 and CSA-C22.1 requirements, where applicable (see Part 9).

3011.5 ASME A17.1, Section 8.6

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
8.6.4.19.7 Standby or Emergency Power Operation. Operation of elevators equipped with standby or emergency power shall be tested to determine conformance with the applicable requirements. Automatic sequence of operation, if provided, shall be tested. Tests shall be performed with no load in the car.

8.6.5.14.3(f) Additional Tests. The following tests shall also be performed:
  1. (f) Standby or Power Operation (8.6.4.19.7). Automatic sequence of operation, if provided, shall be tested.
UpCodes Premium
Leverage the most sophisticated code compliance platform.
TRY FREE FOR TWO WEEKS VISIT PRICING