ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

NFPA 1, 2015

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
The AHJ shall have the authority to require that construction documents for all fire protection systems be submitted for review and approval and a permit be issued prior to the installation, rehabilitation, or modification. (For additional information concerning construction documents, see Section 1.14.) Further, the AHJ shall have the authority to require that full acceptance tests of the systems be performed in the AHJ's presence prior to final system certification.
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.
The property owner shall be responsible for the proper testing and maintenance of the equipment and systems.
Obstructions shall not be placed or kept near fire hydrants, fire department inlet connections, or fire protection system control valves in a manner that would prevent such equipment or fire hydrants from being immediately visible and accessible.
A minimum 36 in. (91 mm) of clear space shall be maintained to permit access to and operation of fire protection equipment, fire department inlet connections, or fire protection system control valves. The fire department shall not be deterred or hindered from gaining immediate access to fire protection equipment.
An approved clear and unobstructed path shall be provided and maintained for access to the fire department inlet connections.
Detailed records documenting all systems and equipment testing and maintenance shall be kept by the property owner and shall be made available upon request for review by the AHJ.
Existing systems shall be in accordance with 1.3.6.2 and 10.3.2.
All fire protection systems and devices shall be maintained in a reliable operating condition and shall be replaced or repaired where defective or recalled.
The AHJ shall be notified when any fire protection system is out of service and on restoration of service.
When a fire protection system is out of service for more than 4 hours in a 24-hour period, the AHJ shall be permitted to require the building to be evacuated or an approved fire watch to be provided for all portions left unprotected by the fire protection system shutdown until the fire protection system has been returned to service.
In the event of a failure of a fire protection system or an excessive number of accidental activations, the AHJ shall be permitted to require an approved fire watch until the system is repaired.
For occupancies of an especially hazardous nature or where special hazards exist in addition to the normal hazard of the occupancy, or where access for fire apparatus is unduly difficult, or where the size or configuration of the building or contents limits normal fire suppression efforts, the AHJ shall have the authority to require additional safeguards consisting of additional fire safety equipment, more than one type of fire safety equipment, or special systems suitable for the protection of the hazard involved.
The AHJ shall have the authority to require locking fire department connection (FDC) plugs or caps on all water-based fire protection systems.
The design and installation of standpipe systems shall be in accordance with Section 13.2 and NFPA 14, Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems.
Where required by this Code or the referenced codes and standards listed in Chapter 2, standpipe systems shall be installed in accordance with 13.2.1.
New buildings shall be equipped with a Class I standpipe system installed in accordance with the provisions of Section 13.2 where any of the following conditions exist:
  1. More than three stories above grade where the building is protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system
  2. More than two stories above grade where the building is not protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system
  3. More than 50 ft (15 m) above grade and containing intermediate stories or balconies
  4. More than one story below grade
  5. More than 20 ft (6.1 m) below grade
High-rise buildings shall be protected throughout by a Class I standpipe system in accordance with 13.2.2. [101: 11.8.3.2]
In new assembly occupancies, regular stages over 1000 ft2 (93 m2) in area and all legitimate stages shall be equipped with 11/2 in. (38 mm) hose lines for first aid fire fighting at each side of the stage. [101: 12.4.6.12.1]
In existing assembly occupancies, stages over 1000 ft2 (93 m2) in area shall be equipped with 11/2 in. (38 mm) hose lines for first aid fire fighting at each side of the stage. [101: 13.4.6.12.1]
Hose connections shall be in accordance with NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, unless Class II or Class III standpipes in accordance with NFPA 14 are used. [101: 12.4.6.12.2; 101: 13.4.6.12.2]
Standpipe and hose systems shall be provided in accordance with 9.7.4.2 of NFPA 101 as follows, unless otherwise permitted by 13.2.2.5.1:
  1. Class I standpipe systems shall be provided for any building three or more stories in height.
  2. Class III standpipe and hose systems shall be provided for all nonsprinklered buildings three or more stories in height. [101: 22.3.5.5; 101: 23.3.5.5]
The requirements of 13.2.2.5 shall not apply where otherwise permitted by the following:
  1. Formed hose, 1 in. (25 mm) in diameter, on hose reels shall be permitted to provide Class II service.
  2. Separate Class I and Class II systems shall be permitted in lieu of a Class III system. [101: 22.3.5.6; 101: 23.3.5.6]
The AHJ shall be authorized to permit the removal of existing occupant-use hose lines where all of the following are met:
  1. This Code does not require their installation.
  2. The current building code does not require their installation.
  3. The AHJ determines that the occupant-use hose line will not be utilized by trained personnel or the fire department.
A standpipe system installed in accordance with this Code shall be properly maintained to provide at least the same level of performance and protection as designed.
The owner shall be responsible for maintaining the standpipe system and keeping it in good working condition.
A standpipe system installed in accordance with this Code shall be inspected, tested, and maintained in accordance with NFPA 25, Standard for the Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems.
Where an existing standpipe system, including yard piping and fire department connection, is modified, the new piping shall be independently tested in accordance with 11.4.1 of NFPA 14. [14:11.4.7.1]
Modifications that cannot be isolated, such as new valves or the point of connection for new piping, shall not require testing in excess of system static pressure. [14:11.4.7.2]
Automatic sprinklers shall be installed and maintained in full operating condition in the occupancies specified in this Code or in the codes or standards referenced in Chapter 2.
Installations shall be in accordance with NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems; NFPA 13R, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Low-Rise Residential Occupancies; or NFPA 13D, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Manufactured Homes, as appropriate.
Existing systems shall be in accordance with 1.3.6.2 and 10.3.2.
Sprinkler piping serving not more than six sprinklers for any hazardous area shall be permitted to be connected directly to a domestic water supply system having a capacity sufficient to provide 0.15 gpm/ft2 (6.1 mm/min) throughout the entire enclosed area. [101: 9.7.1.2]
Sprinkler piping serving hazardous areas as described in 13.3.1.4 shall be provided with an indicating shutoff valve, supervised in accordance with 13.3.1.8 or NFPA 13, Standard, for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, and installed in an accessible, visible location between the sprinklers and the connection to the domestic water supply. [101: 9.7.1.3]
In areas protected by automatic sprinklers, automatic heat-detection devices required by other sections of this Code shall not be required. [101: 9.7.1.4]
Automatic sprinkler systems installed to make use of an alternative permitted by this Code shall be considered required systems and shall meet the provisions of this Code that apply to required systems. [101: 9.7.1.5]
Where supervised automatic sprinkler systems are required by another section of this Code, supervisory attachments shall be installed and monitored for integrity in accordance with NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, and a distinctive supervisory signal shall be provided to indicate a condition that would impair the satisfactory operation of the sprinkler system. [101: 9.7.2.1.1]
Supervisory signals shall sound and shall be displayed either at a location within the protected building that is constantly attended by qualified personnel or at an approved, remotely located receiving facility. [101: 9.7.2.1.2]
Where supervision of automatic sprinkler systems is required by another section of this Code, waterflow alarms shall be transmitted to an approved, proprietary alarm-receiving facility, a remote station, a central station, or the fire department. [101: 9.7.2.2.1]
The connection described in 13.3.1.8.2.1 shall be in accordance with 13.7.1.1. [101: 9.7.2.2.2]
The following practices shall be observed to provide sprinklers of other than ordinary-temperature classification unless other temperatures are determined or unless high-temperature sprinklers are used throughout, and temperature selection shall be in accordance with Table 13.3.1.9(a), Table 13.3.1.9(b), and Figure 13.3.1.9:
  1. Sprinklers in the high-temperature zone shall be of the high-temperature classification, and sprinklers in the intermediate-temperature zone shall be of the intermediate-temperature classification.
  2. Sprinklers located within 12 in. (305 mm) to one side or 30 in. (762 mm) above an uncovered steam main, heating coil, or radiator shall be of the intermediate-temperature classification.
  3. Sprinklers within 7 ft (2.1 m) of a low-pressure blowoff valve that discharges free in a large room shall be of the high-temperature classification.
  4. Sprinklers under glass or plastic skylights exposed to the direct rays of the sun shall be of the intermediate-temperature classification.
  5. Sprinklers in an unventilated, concealed space, under an uninsulated roof, or in an unventilated attic shall be of the intermediate-temperature classification.
  6. Sprinklers in unventilated show windows having high-powered electric lights near the ceiling shall be of the intermediate-temperature classification.
  7. Sprinklers protecting commercial-type cooking equipment and ventilation systems shall be of the high- or extra high-temperature classification as determined by use of a temperature-measuring device. (See 7.10.6 of NFPA 13.)
  8. Sprinklers protecting residential areas installed near specific heat sources identified in Table 13.3.1.9(c) shall be installed in accordance with Table 13.3.1.9(c).
  9. Ordinary-temperature sprinklers located adjacent to a heating duct that discharges air that is less than 100°F (38°C) are not required to be separated in accordance with Table 13.3.1.9(a).
  10. Sprinklers in walk-in type coolers and freezers with automatic defrosting shall be of the intermediate-temperature classification or higher. [13:8.3.2.5]

SI units: 1 in. = 25.4 mm; 1 ft = 0.31 m.

FIGURE 13.3.1.9 High-Temperature and Intermediate-Temperature Zones at Unit Heaters. [13:Figure 8.3.2.5]

Table 13.3.1.9(a) Temperature Ratings of Sprinklers Based on Distance from Heat Sources

Type of Heat Condition Ordinary-Temperature Rating Intermediate-Temperature Rating High-Temperature Rating
(1) Heating ducts      
(a) Above More than 2 ft 6 in. 2 ft 6 in. or less  
(b) Side and below More than 1 ft 0 in. 1 ft 0 in. or less  
(c) Diffuser Any distance except as shown under Intermediate-Temperature Rating-column Downward discharge: Cylinder with 1 ft 0 in. radius from edge extending 1 ft 0 in. below and 2 ft 6 in. above  
    Horizontal discharge: Semicylinder or cylinder with 2 ft 6 in. radius in direction of flow extending 1 ft 0 in. below and 2 ft 6 in. above  
(2) Unit heater
(a) Horizontal discharge   Discharge side: 7 ft 0 in. to 20 ft 0 in. radius pie-shaped cylinder (see Figure 13.3.1.8) extending 7 ft 0 in. above and 2 ft 0 in. below heater; also 7 ft 0 in. radius cylinder more than 7 ft 0 in. above unit heater 7 ft 0 in. radius cylinder extending 7 ft 0 in. above and 2 ft 0 in. below unit heater
(b) Vertical downward discharge (for sprinklers below unit heater, see Figure 13.3.1.9)   7 ft 0 in. radius cylinder extending upward from an elevation 7 ft 0 in. above unit heater 7 ft 0 in. radius cylinder extending from the top of the unit heater to an elevation 7 ft 0 in. above unit heater
(3) Steam mains (uncovered)      
(a) Above More than 2 ft 6 in. 2 ft 6 in. or less  
(b) Side and below More than 1 ft 0 in. 1 ft 0 in. or less  
(c) Blowoff valve More than 7 ft 0 in.   7 ft 0 in. or less

For SI units, 1 in. = 25.4 mm; 1 ft = 0.3048 m.

[13: Table 8.3.2.5(a)]

Table 13.3.1.9(b) Temperature Ratings of Sprinklers in Specified Locations

Location Ordinary-Temperature Rating Intermediate-Temperature Rating High-Temperature Rating
Skylights   Glass or plastic  
Attics Do not use Ventilated or unventilated  
Peaked roof: metal or thin boards, concealed or not concealed, insulated or uninsulated Ventilated Unventilated  
Flat roof: metal, not concealed Ventilated or unventilated Note: For uninsulated roof, climate and insulated or uninsulated occupancy can necessitate intermediate sprinklers. Check on job.  
Flat roof: metal, concealed, insulated, or uninsulated Ventilated Unventilated  
Show windows Ventilated Unventilated  

Note: A check of job condition by means of thermometers might be necessary. [13: Table 8.3.2.5(b)]

Table 13.3.1.9(c) Ratings of Sprinklers in Specified Residential Areas

Heat Source Minimum Distance from Edge of Source to Ordinary-Temperature Sprinkler Minimum Distance from Edge of Source to Intermediate-Temperature Sprinkler
in. mm in. mm
Side of open or recessed fireplace 36 914 12 305
Front of recessed fireplace 60 1524 36 914
Coal- or wood-burning stove 42 1067 12 305
Kitchen range 18 457 9 229
Wall oven 18 457 9 229
Hot air flues 18 457 9 229
Uninsulated heat ducts 18 457 9 229
Uninsulated hot water pipes 12 305 6 152
Side of ceiling- or wall-mounted hot air diffusers 24 607 12 305
Front of wall-mounted hot air diffusers 36 914 18 457
Hot water heater or furnace 6 152 3 76
Light fixture:        
0 W-250 W 6 152 3 76
250 W-499 W 12 305 6 152

[13: Table 8.3.2.5(c)]

Where required by this Code or the referenced codes and standards listed in Chapter 2, automatic sprinkler systems shall be installed in accordance with 13.3.1.
Basements exceeding 2500 ft2 (232 m2) in new buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system.

13.3.2.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where not otherwise required by the Delaware State Fire Prevention Regulation to be protected by automatic sprinklers, new fire stations should be protected by an approved automatic fire sprinkler system.
New buildings three or more stories in height above grade shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3 unless otherwise permitted by 13.3.2.5.
Stand-alone open parking structures that are detached from other occupancies shall not be required to be protected by an automatic sprinkler system.
In buildings protected throughout by automatic sprinklers in accordance with NFPA 13, automatic sprinkler protection shall be provided for the exterior spaces in accordance with 13.3.2.6.
Unless the requirements of 13.3.2.6.2, 13.3.2.6.3, or 13.3.2.6.4 are met, sprinklers shall be installed under exterior projections exceeding 4 ft (1.2 m) in width. [13:8.15.7.1]
Sprinklers shall be permitted to be omitted where the exterior projections are constructed with materials that are noncombustible, limited-combustible, or fire retardant-treated wood as defined in NFPA 703, Standard for Fire Retardant-Treated Wood and Fire-Retardant Coatings for Building Materials. [13:8.15.7.2]
Sprinklers shall be permitted to be omitted from below the exterior projections of combustible construction, provided the exposed finish material on the exterior projections are noncombustible, limited-combustible, or fire retardant-treated wood as defined in NFPA 703, Standard for Fire Retardant-Treated Wood and Fire-Retardant Coatings for Building Materials, and the exterior projections contain only sprinklered concealed spaces or any of the following unsprinklered combustible concealed spaces:
  1. Combustible concealed spaces filled entirely with noncombustible insulation
  2. Light or ordinary hazard occupancies where noncombustible or limited-combustible ceilings are directly attached to the bottom of solid wood joists so as to create enclosed joist spaces 160 ft3 (4.5 m3) or less in volume, including space below insulation that is laid directly on top or within the ceiling joists in an otherwise sprinklered attic [see 11.2.3.1.4(4)(d) of NFPA 13]
  3. Concealed spaces over isolated small exterior projections not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2) in area [13:8.15.7.3]
Sprinklers shall be permitted to be omitted from exterior exit corridors when the exterior walls of the corridor are at least 50 percent open and when the corridor is entirely of noncombustible construction. [13:8.15.7.4]
Sprinklers shall be installed under exterior projections greater than 2 ft (0.6 m) wide over areas where combustibles are stored. [13:8.15.7.5]
The following assembly occupancies shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.1.2:
  1. Dance halls
  2. Discotheques
  3. Nightclubs
  4. Assembly occupancies with festival seating [101: 12.3.5.1]
Any building containing one or more assembly occupancies where the aggregate occupant load of the assembly occupancies exceeds 300 shall be protected by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 as follows (see also 12.1.6, 12.2.6, 12.3.2, and 12.3.6 of NFPA 101):
  1. Throughout the story containing the assembly occupancy
  2. Throughout all stories below the story containing the assembly occupancy
  3. In the case of an assembly occupancy located below the level of exit discharge, throughout all stories intervening between that story and the level of exit discharge, including the level of exit discharge [101: 12.3.5.2]
The requirements of 13.3.2.7.2 shall not apply to the following:
  1. *Assembly occupancies consisting of a single multipurpose room of less than 12,000 ft2 (1115 m2) that are not used for exhibition or display and are not part of a mixed occupancy
  2. Gymnasiums, skating rinks, and swimming pools used exclusively for participant sports with no audience facilities for more than 300 persons
  3. *Locations in stadia and arenas as follows:
    1. Over the floor area used for contest, performance, or entertainment, provided that the roof construction is more than 50 ft (15 m) above the floor level, and use is restricted to low fire hazard uses
    2. Over the seating areas, provided that use is restricted to low fire hazard uses
    3. Over open-air concourses where an approved engineering analysis substantiates the ineffectiveness of the sprinkler protection due to building height and combustible loading
  4. Locations in unenclosed stadia and arenas as follows:
    1. Press boxes of less than 1000 ft2 (93 m2)
    2. Storage facilities of less than 1000 ft2 (93 m2) if enclosed with not less than 1-hour fire resistance-rated construction
    3. Enclosed areas underneath grandstands that comply with 25.3.4 [101: 12.3.5.3]
Where another provision of Chapter 12 of NFPA 101 requires an automatic sprinkler system, the sprinkler system shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13. [101: 12.3.5.4]
Every stage shall be protected by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in compliance with Section 13.3. [101: 12.4.6.10]
Protection shall be provided throughout the stage and in storerooms, workshops, permanent dressing rooms, and other accessory spaces contiguous to stages. [101: 12.4.6.10.1]
Sprinklers shall not be required for stages 1000 ft2 (93 m2) or less in area and 50 ft (15 m) or less in height where the following criteria are met:
  1. Curtains, scenery, or other combustible hangings are not retractable vertically.
  2. Combustible hangings are limited to borders, legs, a single main curtain, and a single backdrop. [101: 12.4.6.10.2]
Sprinklers shall not be required under stage areas less than 48 in. (1220 mm) in clear height that are used exclusively for chair or table storage and lined on the inside with 5/8 in. (16 mm) Type X gypsum wallboard or the approved equivalent. [101: 12.4.6.10.3]
Where the occupant load exceeds 100, the following assembly occupancies shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13:
  1. Dance halls
  2. Discotheques
  3. Nightclubs
  4. Assembly occupancies with festival seating [101: 13.3.5.1]
Any assembly occupancy used or capable of being used for exhibition or display purposes shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3 where the exhibition or display area exceeds 15,000 ft2 (1400 m2). [101: 13.3.5.2]
The sprinklers specified by 13.3.2.8.2 shall not be required where otherwise permitted in the following locations:
  1. Locations in stadia and arenas as follows:
    1. Over the floor area used for contest, performance, or entertainment
    2. Over the seating areas
    3. Over open-air concourses where an approved engineering analysis substantiates the ineffectiveness of the sprinkler protection due to building height and combustible loading
  2. Locations in unenclosed stadia and arenas as follows:
    1. Press boxes of less than 1000 ft2 (93 m2)
    2. Storage facilities of less than 1000 ft2 (93 m2) if enclosed with not less than 1-hour fire resistance-rated construction
    3. Enclosed areas underneath grandstands that comply with 25.3.4 [101: 13.3.5.3]
Where another provision of this chapter and Chapter 13 of NFPA 101 requires an automatic sprinkler system, the sprinkler system shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13. [101: 13.3.5.4]
Every stage shall be protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system in compliance with Section 13.3. [101: 13.4.6.10]
Protection shall be provided throughout the stage and in storerooms, workshops, permanent dressing rooms, and other accessory spaces contiguous to such stages. [101: 13.4.6.10.1]
Sprinklers shall not be required for stages 1000 ft2 (93 m2) or less in area where the following criteria are met:
  1. Curtains, scenery, or other combustible hangings are not retractable vertically.
  2. Combustible hangings are limited to borders, legs, a single main curtain, and a single backdrop. [101: 13.4.6.10.2]
Sprinklers shall not be required under stage areas less than 48 in. (1220 mm) in clear height that are used exclusively for chair or table storage and lined on the inside with 5/8 in. (16 mm) Type X gypsum wallboard or the approved equivalent. [101: 13.4.6.10.3]
Educational occupancy buildings exceeding 12,000 ft2 (1120 m2) shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101: 14.3.5.1]
Educational occupancy buildings four or more stories in height shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101:14.3.5.2]
Every portion of educational buildings below the level of exit discharge shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101: 14.3.5.3]
Buildings with unprotected openings in accordance with 8.6.6 of NFPA 101 shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101: 14.3.5.4]
Where another provision of Chapter 14 of NFPA 101 requires an automatic sprinkler system, the sprinkler system shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13. [101: 14.3.5.5]
Where student occupancy exists below the level of exit discharge, every portion of such floor shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101: 15.3.5.1]
Where student occupancy does not exist on floors below the level of exit discharge, such floors shall be separated from the rest of the building by 1-hour fire resistance-rated construction or shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101: 15.3.5.2]
Automatic sprinkler protection shall not be required where student occupancy exists below the level of exit discharge, provided that both of the following criteria are met:
  1. The approval of the AHJ shall be required.
  2. Windows for rescue and ventilation shall be provided in accordance with 15.2.11.1 of NFPA 101. [101: 15.3.5.3]
Buildings with unprotected openings in accordance with 8.6.6 of NFPA 101 shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101: 15.3.5.4]
Where another provision of Chapter 15 of NFPA 101 requires an automatic sprinkler system, the sprinkler system shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13. [101: 15.3.5.5]
Buildings containing health care occupancies shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3, unless otherwise permitted by 13.3.2.11.3. [101: 18.3.5.1]
The sprinkler system required by 13.3.2.11.1 shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13. [101: 18.3.5.4]
In Type I and Type II construction, alternative protection measures shall be permitted to be substituted for sprinkler protection, without causing a building to be classified as nonsprinklered, in specified areas where the AHJ has prohibited sprinklers. [101: 18.3.5.5]
Listed quick-response or listed residential sprinklers shall be used throughout smoke compartments containing patient sleeping rooms. [101: 18.3.5.6]
Sprinklers shall not be required in clothes closets of patient sleeping rooms in hospitals where the area of the closet does not exceed 6 ft2 (0.55 m2), provided that the distance from the sprinkler in the patient sleeping room to the back wall of the closet does not exceed the maximum distance permitted by NFPA 13. [101: 18.3.5.10]
Sprinklers in areas where cubicle curtains are installed shall be in accordance with NFPA 13. [101: 18.3.5.11]
Buildings containing nursing homes shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3 and Section 9.7 of NFPA 101, unless otherwise permitted by 13.3.2.12.7. [101: 19.3.5.1]
All high-rise buildings containing health care occupancies shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 13.3 within 12 years of the adoption of this Code, except as otherwise provided in 13.3.2.12.3 or 13.3.2.12.4. [101: 19.4.2.1]
Where a jurisdiction adopts this edition of the Code and previously adopted the 2012 edition, the sprinklering required by 13.3.2.12.2 shall be installed within 9 years of the adoption of this Code. [101: 19.4.2.2]
Where a jurisdiction adopts this edition of the Code and previously adopted the 2009 edition, the sprinklering required by 13.3.2.12.2 shall be installed within 6 years of the adoption of this Code. [101: 19.4.2.3]
Where required by 19.1.6 of NFPA 101, buildings containing hospitals or limited care facilities shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3 and Section 9.7 of NFPA 101, unless otherwise permitted by 13.3.2.12.7. [101:19.3.5.3]
The sprinkler system required by 13.3.2.12.1 or 13.3.2.12.5 shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13. [101: 19.3.5.4]
In Type I and Type II construction, alternative protection measures shall be permitted to be substituted for sprinkler protection in specified areas where the AHJ has prohibited sprinklers, without causing a building to be classified as nonsprinklered. [101: 19.3.5.5]
Where this Code permits exceptions for fully sprinklered buildings or smoke compartments, the sprinkler system shall meet the following criteria:
  1. It shall be in accordance with Section 13.3.
  2. It shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13, unless it is an approved existing system.
  3. It shall be electrically connected to the fire alarm system.
  4. It shall be fully supervised.
  5. In Type I and Type II construction, where the AHJ has prohibited sprinklers, approved alternative protection measures shall be permitted to be substituted for sprinkler protection in specified areas without causing a building to be classified as nonsprinklered. [101: 19.3.5.7]
Where this Code permits exceptions for fully sprinklered buildings or smoke compartments and specifically references this paragraph, the sprinkler system shall meet the following criteria:
  1. It shall be installed throughout the building or smoke compartment in accordance with Section 13.3.
  2. It shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13, unless it is an approved existing system.
  3. It shall be electrically connected to the fire alarm system.
  4. It shall be fully supervised.
  5. It shall be equipped with listed quick-response or listed residential sprinklers throughout all smoke compartments containing patient sleeping rooms.
  6. Standard-response sprinklers shall be permitted to be continued to be used in approved existing sprinkler systems where quick-response and residential sprinklers were not listed for use in such locations at the time of installation.
  7. Standard-response sprinklers shall be permitted for use in hazardous areas protected in accordance with 19.3.2.1 of NFPA 101. [101: 19.3.5.8]
Isolated hazardous areas shall be permitted to be protected in accordance with 13.3.1.4. For new installations in existing health care occupancies, where more than two sprinklers are installed in a single area, waterflow detection shall be provided to sound the building fire alarm or to notify, by a signal, any constantly attended location, such as PBX, security, or emergency room, at which the necessary corrective action shall be taken. [101: 19.3.5.9]
Sprinklers shall not be required in clothes closets of patient sleeping rooms in hospitals where the area of the closet does not exceed 6 ft2 (0.55 m2), provided that the distance from the sprinkler in the patient sleeping room to the back wall of the closet does not exceed the maximum distance permitted by NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems. [101: 19.3.5.10]
Newly introduced cubicle curtains in sprinklered areas shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13. [101: 19.3.5.11]
All buildings classified as Use Condition II, Use Condition III, Use Condition IV, or Use Condition V shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.13.2. [101: 22.3.5.2]
The automatic sprinkler system required by 13.3.2.13.1 shall meet all of the following criteria:
  1. It shall be in accordance with Section 13.3.
  2. It shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13.
  3. It shall be electrically connected to the fire alarm system.
  4. It shall be fully supervised. [101: 22.3.5.3]
Where required by Table 23.1.6.1 of NFPA 101, facilities shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.14.2. [101: 23.3.5.2]
Where this Code permits exceptions for fully sprinklered detention and correctional occupancies or sprinklered smoke compartments, the sprinkler system shall meet all of the following criteria:
  1. It shall be in accordance with Section 13.3.
  2. It shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13.
  3. It shall be electrically connected to the fire alarm system.
  4. It shall be fully supervised. [101: 23.3.5.3]
All buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.15.2. [101: 28.3.5.1]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, either for total or partial building coverage, the system shall be in accordance with Section 13.3, as modified by 13.3.2.15.3. In buildings four or fewer stories above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. [101: 28.3.5.3]
The provisions for draft stops and closely spaced sprinklers in NFPA 13 shall not be required for openings complying with 8.6.9.1 of NFPA 101 where the opening is within the guest room or guest suite. [101: 28.3.5.4]
Listed quick-response or listed residential sprinklers shall be used throughout guest rooms and guest room suites. [101: 28.3.5.6]
Open parking structures that comply with NFPA 88A, Standard for Parking Structures, and are contiguous with hotels or dormitories shall be exempt from the sprinkler requirements of 13.3.2.15.1. [101: 28.3.5.7]
All high-rise buildings, other than those where each guest room or guest suite has exterior exit access in accordance with 7.5.3 of NFPA 101, shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.16.2. [101: 29.3.5.1]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, either for total or partial building coverage, the system shall be in accordance with Section 13.3, as modified by 13.3.2.16.3 and 13.3.2.16.4; in buildings up to and including four stories in height above grade, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. [101: 29.3.5.3]
The provisions for draft stops and closely spaced sprinklers in NFPA 13 shall not be required for openings complying with 8.6.9.1 of NFPA 101 where the opening is within the guest room or guest suite. [101: 29.3.5.4]
In guest rooms and in guest room suites, sprinkler installations shall not be required in closets not exceeding 24 ft2 (2.2 m2) and in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2). [101: 29.3.5.5]
All buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with 13.3.2.17.2. [101: 30.3.5.1]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, either for total or partial building coverage, the system shall be installed in accordance with Section 13.3, as modified by 13.3.2.17.3 and 13.3.2.17.5. In buildings four or fewer stories above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. [101: 30.3.5.2]
In buildings sprinklered in accordance with NFPA 13, closets less than 12 ft2 (1.1 m2) in area in individual dwelling units shall not be required to be sprinklered. Closets that contain equipment such as washers, dryers, furnaces, or water heaters shall be sprinklered regardless of size. [101: 30.3.5.3]
In buildings sprinklered in accordance with NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, bathrooms not greater than 55 ft2 (5.1 m2) in individual dwelling units shall not be required to be sprinklered. [101: 30.3.5.4]
The draft stop and closely spaced sprinkler requirements of NFPA 13 shall not be required for convenience openings complying with 8.6.9.1 of NFPA 101 where the convenience opening is within the dwelling unit. [101: 30.3.5.5]
Listed quick-response or listed residential sprinklers shall be used throughout all dwelling units. [101: 30.3.5.6]
Open parking structures complying with NFPA 88A, Standard for Parking Structures, that are contiguous with apartment buildings shall be exempt from the sprinkler requirements of 13.3.2.17.1. [101: 30.3.5.7]
Buildings with unprotected openings in accordance with 8.6.6 of NFPA 101 shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.17.1. [101: 30.3.5.8]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, either for total or partial building coverage, the system shall be installed in accordance with Section 13.3, as modified by 13.3.2.18.2 and 13.3.2.18.4. In buildings four or fewer stories above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. [101: 31.3.5.2]
In individual dwelling units, sprinkler installation shall not be required in closets not exceeding 24 ft2 (2.2 m2) and in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2). Closets that contain equipment such as washers, dryers, furnaces, or water heaters shall be sprinklered regardless of size. [101: 31.3.5.3]
In buildings sprinklered in accordance with NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, bathrooms not greater than 55 ft2 (5.1 m2) in individual dwelling units shall not be required to be sprinklered. [101: 31.3.5.4]
The draft stop and closely spaced sprinkler requirements of NFPA 13 shall not be required for convenience openings complying with 8.6.9.1 of NFPA 101 where the convenience opening is within the dwelling unit. [101: 31.3.5.5]
Buildings using Option 3 in accordance with NFPA 101 shall be provided with automatic sprinkler protection installed in accordance with 13.3.2.18.5.1 through 13.3.2.18.5.4. [101: 31.3.5.9]
Automatic sprinklers shall be installed in the corridor, along the corridor ceiling, utilizing the maximum spacing requirements of the standards referenced in 13.3.1.2. [101: 31.3.5.9.1]
An automatic sprinkler shall be installed within every dwelling unit that has a door opening to the corridor, with such sprinkler positioned over the center of the door, unless the door to the dwelling unit has not less than a 20-minute fire protection rating and is self-closing. [101: 31.3.5.9.2]
The workmanship and materials of the sprinkler installation specified in 13.3.2.18.5 shall meet the requirements of 13.3.1.2. [101: 31.3.5.9.3]
Where Option 3 is being used to permit the use of 13/4 in. (44 mm) thick, solid-bonded wood-core doors in accordance with 31.2.2.1.3 of NFPA 101, sprinklers shall be provided within the exit enclosures in accordance with NFPA 13. [101: 31.3.5.9.4]
Buildings using Option 4 in accordance with NFPA 101 shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.18.1 and meeting the requirements of Section 13.3 for supervision for buildings seven or more stories in height. [101: 31.3.5.10]
Where sprinklers are being used as an option to any requirement in this Code, the sprinklers shall be installed throughout the space in accordance with the requirements of that option. [101: 31.3.5.11]
All new lodging or rooming houses shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.19.2. [101: 26.3.6.1]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is required or is used as an alternative method of protection, either for total or partial building coverage, the system shall be in accordance with Section 13.3 and 13.3.2.19.2.1 through 13.3.2.19.2.6. [101: 26.3.6.2]
Activation of the automatic sprinkler system shall actuate the fire alarm system in accordance with Section 13.7. [101: 26.3.6.2.1]
In buildings four or fewer stories above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. [101: 26.3.6.2.2]
Systems in accordance with NFPA 13D shall be permitted where all of the following requirements are met:
  1. The lodging or rooming house shall not be part of a mixed occupancy.
  2. Entrance foyers shall be sprinklered.
  3. Lodging or rooming houses with sleeping accommodations for more than eight occupants shall be treated as two-family dwellings with regard to the water supply. [101: 26.3.6.2.3]
In buildings sprinklered in accordance with NFPA 13, closets less than 12 ft2 (1.1 m2) in area in individual dwelling units shall not be required to be sprinklered. [101: 26.3.6.2.4]
In buildings sprinklered in accordance with NFPA 13, closets that contain equipment such as washers, dryers, furnaces, or water heaters shall be sprinklered, regardless of size. [101: 26.3.6.2.5]
In existing lodging or rooming houses, sprinkler installations shall not be required in closets not exceeding 24 ft2 (2.2 m2) and in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2). [101: 26.3.6.2.6]
All new one- and two-family dwellings shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.20.2. [101: 24.3.5.1]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, either for total or partial building coverage, the system shall be in accordance with Section 13.3; in buildings of four or fewer stories in height above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R and with NFPA 13D shall also be permitted. [101: 24.3.5.2]
All buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with NFPA 13 and provided with quick-response or residential sprinklers throughout. [101: 32.3.3.5.1]
Automatic sprinkler systems shall be provided with electrical supervision in accordance with 13.3.1.8. [101: 32.3.3.5.5]
All facilities, other than those meeting the requirement of 13.3.2.21.2.2, shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system, installed in accordance with 13.3.2.21.2.3, using quick-response or residential sprinklers. [101: 32.2.3.5.1]
In conversions, sprinklers shall not be required in small board and care homes serving eight or fewer residents when all occupants have the ability as a group to move reliably to a point of safety within 3 minutes. [101: 32.2.3.5.2]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, for either total or partial building coverage, all of the following requirements shall be met:
  1. The system shall be in accordance with NFPA 13 and shall initiate the fire alarm system in accordance with 13.7.2.19.
  2. The adequacy of the water supply shall be documented to the AHJ. [101: 32.2.3.5.3]
In buildings four or fewer stories above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. All habitable areas, closets, roofed porches, roofed decks, and roofed balconies shall be sprinklered. [101: 32.2.3.5.3.1]
An automatic sprinkler system with a 30-minute water supply, and complying with the following requirements and with NFPA 13D, shall be permitted:
  1. All habitable areas, closets, roofed porches, roofed decks, and roofed balconies shall be sprinklered.
  2. Facilities with more than eight residents shall be treated as two-family dwellings with regard to water supply. [101: 32.2.3.5.3.2]
Automatic sprinkler systems installed in accordance with NFPA 13 and NFPA 13R shall be provided with electrical supervision in accordance with 13.3.1.8. [101: 32.2.3.5.4]
Automatic sprinkler systems installed in accordance with NFPA 13D shall be provided with valve supervision by one of the following methods:
  1. Single listed control valve that shuts off both domestic and sprinkler systems and separate shutoff for the domestic system only
  2. Electrical supervision in accordance with 13.3.1.8
  3. Valve closure that causes the sounding of an audible signal in the facility [101: 32.2.3.5.5]
Sprinkler piping serving not more than six sprinklers for any isolated hazardous area shall be permitted to be installed in accordance with 13.3.1.4 and shall meet all of the following requirements:
  1. In new installations, where more than two sprinklers are installed in a single area, waterflow detection shall be provided to initiate the fire alarm system required by 13.7.2.19.
  2. The duration of water supplies shall be as required by 13.3.2.21.2.3.2. [101: 32.2.3.5.6]
Attics shall be protected in accordance with 13.3.2.21.2.7.1 or 13.3.2.21.2.7.2. [101: 32.2.3.5.7]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is required by 13.3.2.21.2, attics used for living purposes, storage, or fuel fired equipment shall be protected with automatic sprinklers that are part of the required, approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.1.2. [101: 32.2.3.5.7.1]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is required by 13.3.2.21.2, attics not used for living purposes, storage, or fuel -fired equipment shall meet one of the following criteria:
  1. Attics shall be protected throughout by a heat detection system arranged to activate the building fire alarm system in accordance with Section 13.7.
  2. Attics shall be protected with automatic sprinklers that are part of the required, approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.1.2.
  3. Attics shall be of noncombustible or limited-combustible construction.
  4. Attics shall be constructed of fire retardant-treated wood in accordance with NFPA 703, Standard for Fire Retardant-Treated Wood and Fire Retardant Coatings for Building Materials. [101: 32.2.3.5.7.2]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, for either total or partial building coverage, the system shall be installed in accordance with Section 13.3, as modified by 13.3.2.22.1.1.1 through 13.3.2.22.1.1.3. [101: 33.3.3.5.1]
In buildings four or fewer stories above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. [101: 33.3.3.5.1.1]
In facilities having prompt or slow evacuation capability, automatic sprinklers shall not be required in closets not exceeding 24 ft2 (2.2 m2) and in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2), provided that such spaces are finished with noncombustible or limited-combustible materials. [101: 33.3.3.5.1.2]
Initiation of the fire alarm system shall not be required for existing installations in accordance with 13.3.2.22.1.6. [101: 33.3.3.5.1.3]
All facilities having impractical evacuation capability shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13. [101: 33.3.3.5.2]
All high-rise buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.22.1. Such systems shall initiate the fire alarm system in accordance with 13.7.1.4. [101: 33.3.3.5.3]
Attics shall be protected in accordance with 13.3.2.22.1.4.1 or 13.3.2.22.1.4.2. [101: 33.3.3.5.4]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, attics used for living purposes, storage, or fuel-fired equipment shall be protected with automatic sprinklers that are part of the required, approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.1.2. [101: 33.3.3.5.4.1]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, attics not used for living purposes, storage, or fuel-fired equipment shall meet one of the following criteria:
  1. Attics shall be protected throughout by a heat detection system arranged to activate the building fire alarm system in accordance with Section 13.7.
  2. Attics shall be protected with automatic sprinklers that are part of the required, approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.1.2.
  3. Attics shall be of noncombustible or limited-combustible construction.
  4. Attics shall be constructed of fire-retardant-treated wood in accordance with NFPA 703, Standard for Fire Retardant-Treated Wood and Fire-Retardant Coatings for Building Materials. [101: 35.3.3.5.4.2]
Automatic sprinkler systems shall be supervised in accordance with Section 13.3; waterflow alarms shall not be required to be transmitted off-site. [101: 33.3.3.5.5]
Sprinkler piping serving not more than six sprinklers for any isolated hazardous area in accordance with 13.3.1.4 shall be permitted; in new installations where more than two sprinklers are installed in a single area, waterflow detection shall be provided to initiate the fire alarm system required by 13.7.2.22. [101: 33.3.3.5.6]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, for either total or partial building coverage, the following requirements shall be met:
  1. The system shall be in accordance with Section 13.3 and shall initiate the fire alarm system in accordance with 13.7.2.21, as modified by 13.3.2.22.2.1.1 through 13.3.2.22.2.1.6.
  2. The adequacy of the water supply shall be documented to the AHJ. [101: 33.2.3.5.3]
In prompt evacuation capability facilities, all of the following shall apply:
  1. An automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13D shall be permitted.
  2. Automatic sprinklers shall not be required in closets not exceeding 24 ft2 (2.2 m2) and in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2), provided that such spaces are finished with lath and plaster or materials providing a 15-minute thermal barrier. [101: 33.2.3.5.3.1]
In slow and impractical evacuation capability facilities, all of the following shall apply:
  1. An automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13D, with a 30-minute water supply, shall be permitted.
  2. All habitable areas and closets shall be sprinklered.
  3. Automatic sprinklers shall not be required in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2), provided that such spaces are finished with lath and plaster or materials providing a 15-minute thermal barrier. [101: 33.2.3.5.3.2]
In prompt and slow evacuation capability facilities, where an automatic sprinkler system is in accordance with NFPA 13, sprinklers shall not be required in closets not exceeding 24 ft2 (2.2 m2) and in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2), provided that such spaces are finished with lath and plaster or materials providing a 15-minute thermal barrier. [101: 33.2.3.5.3.3]
In prompt and slow evacuation capability facilities in buildings four or fewer stories above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. [101: 33.2.3.5.3.4]
In impractical evacuation capability facilities in buildings four or fewer stories above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted. All habitable areas and closets shall be sprinklered. Automatic sprinklers shall not be required in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2), provided that such spaces are finished with lath and plaster or materials providing a 15-minute thermal barrier. [101: 33.2.3.5.3.5]
Initiation of the fire alarm system shall not be required for existing installations in accordance with 13.3.2.22.3. [101: 33.2.3.5.3.6]
All impractical evacuation capability facilities shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.2.22.2.1. [101: 33.2.3.5.3.7]
Sprinkler piping serving not more than six sprinklers for any isolated hazardous area shall be permitted to be installed in accordance with 13.3.1.4 and shall meet the following requirements:
  1. In new installations, where more than two sprinklers are installed in a single area, waterflow detection shall be provided to initiate the fire alarm system required by 13.7.2.21.
  2. The duration of water supplies shall be as required for the sprinkler systems addressed in 13.3.2.22.2.1. [101: 33.2.3.5.6]
Attics shall be protected in accordance with 13.3.2.22.4.1 or 13.3.2.22.4.2. [101: 33.2.3.5.7]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, attics used for living purposes, storage, or fuel-fired equipment shall be protected with automatic sprinklers that are part of the required, approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.1.2. [101: 33.2.3.5.7.1]
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, attics not used for living purposes, storage, or fuel-fired equipment shall meet one of the following criteria:
  1. Attics shall be protected throughout by a heat detection system arranged to activate the building fire alarm system in accordance with Section 13.7.
  2. Attics shall be protected with automatic sprinklers that are part of the required, approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 13.3.1.2.
  3. Attics shall be of noncombustible or limited-combustible construction.
  4. Attics shall be constructed of fire-retardant-treated wood in accordance with NFPA 703, Standard for Fire Retardant-Treated Wood and Fire-Retardant Coatings for Building Materials.
  5. Attics shall be protected by heat alarms arranged to provide occupant notification in accordance with 33.2.3.4.2. [101: 33.2.3.5.7.2]
Mercantile occupancies shall be protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 in any of the following specified locations:
  1. Throughout all mercantile occupancies three or more stories in height
  2. Throughout all mercantile occupancies exceeding 12,000 ft2 (1115 m2) in gross area
  3. Throughout stories below the level of exit discharge where such stories have an area exceeding 2500 ft2 (232 m2) and are used for the sale, storage, or handling of combustible goods and merchandise
  4. Throughout multiple occupancies protected as mixed occupancies in accordance with 6.1.14 where the conditions of 13.3.2.23.1(1), (2), or (3) apply to the mercantile occupancy [101: 36.3.5.1]
Automatic sprinkler systems in Class A mercantile occupancies shall be supervised in accordance with 13.3.1.8. [101: 36.3.5.2]
Bulk merchandising retail buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3 and the applicable provisions of the following:
  1. This Code
  2. NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems
  3. NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code
  4. NFPA 30B, Code for the Manufacture and Storage of Aerosol Products [101: 36.4.5.5]
The mall building and all anchor buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 and 13.3.2.23.4.1.2. [101: 36.4.4.13.1]
The system shall be installed in such a manner that any portion of the system serving tenant spaces can be taken out of service without affecting the operating of the portion of the system serving the mall. [101: 36.4.4.13.2]
There shall be a hose outlet connected to a system sized to deliver 250 gal/min (946 L/min) at the most hydraulically remote outlet. [5000:27.4.4.7.2.1]
The outlet shall be supplied from the mall zone sprinkler system and shall be hydraulically calculated. [5000:27.4.4.7.2.2]
Hose outlets shall be provided at each of the following locations:
  1. Within the mall at the entrance to each exit passage or corridor
  2. At each floor level landing within enclosed stairways opening directly onto the mall
  3. At exterior public entrances to the mall [5000:27.4.4.7.2.3]
Mercantile occupancies, other than one-story buildings that meet the requirements of a street floor, as defined in 3.3.183.17, shall be protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 in any of the following specified locations:
  1. Throughout all mercantile occupancies with a story over 15,000 ft2 (1400 m2) in area
  2. Throughout all mercantile occupancies exceeding 30,000 ft2 (2800 m2) in gross area
  3. Throughout stories below the level of exit discharge where such stories have an area exceeding 2500 ft2 (232 m2) and are used for the sale, storage, or handling of combustible goods and merchandise
  4. Throughout multiple occupancies protected as mixed occupancies in accordance with 6.1.14 where the conditions of 13.3.2.24.1(1), (2), or (3) apply to the mercantile occupancy [101: 37.3.5.1]
Bulk merchandising retail buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3 and the applicable provisions of the following:
  1. This Code
  2. NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems
  3. NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code
  4. NFPA 30B, Code for the Manufacture and Storage of Aerosol Products [101: 37.4.5.5]
Underground and limited access structures, and all areas and floor levels traversed in traveling to the exit discharge, shall be protected by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3, unless such structures meet one of the following criteria:
  1. They have an occupant load of 50 or fewer persons in new underground or limited access portions of the structure.
  2. They have an occupant load of 100 or fewer persons in existing underground or limited access portions of the structure.
  3. The structure is a one-story underground or limited access structure that is permitted to have a single exit, per Chapters 12 through 43 of NFPA 101, with a common path of travel not greater than 50 ft (15 m). [101: 11.7.3.4]
New high-rise buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3.
Existing high-rise buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with this chapter and 13.3.2.26.2.1 through 13.3.2.26.2.3.
Each building owner shall, within 180 days of receiving notice, file an intent to comply with this regulation with the AHJ for approval.
The AHJ shall review and respond to the intent-to-comply submittal within 60 days of receipt.
The entire building shall be required to be protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system within 12 years of adoption of this Code.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout all occupancies containing areas greater than 2500 ft2 (232 m2) for the high-piled storage of combustibles.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout all occupancies containing areas greater than 12,000 ft2 (1115 m2) for the storage of combustibles.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout all occupancies containing storage commodities classified as Group A Plastics in excess of 5 ft (1.5 m) in height over an area exceeding 2500 ft2 (232 m2) in area.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout all mini-storage buildings greater than 2500 ft2 (232 m2) and where any of the individual storage units are separated by less than a 1-hour fire resistance-rated barrier. [5000:30.3.5.3]
Buildings and structures where the volume for the storage of tires exceeds 20,000 ft3 (566 m3) shall be equipped throughout with an approved automatic fire sprinkler system. [5000:30.3.5.2]
An approved automatic fire sprinkler system shall be installed in buildings containing woodworking operations exceeding 2500 ft2 (232 m2) that use equipment, machinery, or appliances; that generate finely divided combustible waste; or that use finely divided combustible materials. [5000:29.3.5.1.2]
Buildings with unprotected openings in accordance with 8.6.6 of NFPA 101 shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 13.3. [101: 16.3.5.3; 101: 17.3.5.3]
New industrial occupancies, other than low-hazard industrial occupancies, shall be protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 in any of the following locations:
  1. Throughout all industrial occupancies three or more stories in height
  2. Throughout all industrial occupancies exceeding 12,000 ft2 (1115 m2) in fire area
  3. Where the total area of all floors, including mezzanines, exceeds 24,000 ft2 (2230 m2) [5000:29.3.5.1.1]
A sprinkler system installed in accordance with this Code shall be properly maintained to provide at least the same level of performance and protection as designed. The owner shall be responsible for maintaining the system and keeping it in good working condition.
A sprinkler system installed in accordance with this Code shall be inspected, tested, and maintained in accordance with NFPA 25.
Where automatic sprinklers are installed, ceilings necessary for the proper actuation of the fire protection device in accordance with NFPA 13 shall be maintained.
The property owner or designated representative shall be responsible for properly maintaining a water-based fire protection system. [25:4.1.1]

(A)* Inspection, testing, maintenance, and impairment procedures shall be implemented in accordance those established in this document and in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. [25:4.1.1.1]

(B) Inspection, testing, and maintenance shall be performed by qualified personnel. [25:4.1.1.2]

(C)* Where the property owner or designated representative is not the occupant, the property owner or designated representative shall be permitted to delegate the authority for inspecting, testing, maintenance, and the managing of impairments of the fire protection system to a designated representative. [25:4.1.1.3]

(D) Where a designated representative has received the authority for inspecting, testing, maintenance, and the managing of impairments, the designated representative shall comply with the requirements identified for the property owner or designated representative throughout this Code. [25:4.1.1.4]

The property owner or designated representative shall ensure that water-filled piping is maintained at a minimum temperature of 40°F (4.4°C) unless an approved anti-freeze solution is utilized. [25:4.1.2]
All areas of the building containing water-filled piping that does not have another means of freeze protection shall be maintained at a minimum temperature of 40°F (4.4°C). [25:4.1.2.1]
Aboveground water-filled pipes that pass through open areas, cold rooms, passageways, or other areas exposed to temperatures below 40°F (4°C), protected against freezing by insulating coverings, frostproof casings, listed heat tracing systems, or other reliable means shall be maintained at temperatures between 40°F (4°C) and 120°F (48.9°C). [25:4.1.2.2]
Where other approved means of freeze protection for water-filled piping as described in 13.3.3.4.1.2.2 are utilized they shall be inspected, tested, and maintained in accordance with NFPA 25. [25:4.1.2.3]
The property owner or designated representative shall provide ready accessibility to components of water-based fire protection systems that require inspection, testing, and maintenance. [25:4.1.3]
The property owner or designated representative shall notify the AHJ, the fire department, if required, and the alarm-receiving facility before testing or shutting down a system or its supply. [25:4.1.4]
The notification of system shutdown or test shall include the purpose for the shutdown, the system or component involved, the estimated time of shutdown or test, and the expected duration of the shutdown or test. [25:4.1.4.1]
The AHJ, the fire department, and the alarm-receiving facility shall be notified when the system, supply, or component is returned to service or when the test is complete. [25:4.1.4.2]
The property owner or designated representative shall correct or repair deficiencies or impairments that are found during the inspection, test, and maintenance required by this Code. [25:4.1.5.1]
Corrections and repairs shall be performed by qualified maintenance personnel or a qualified contractor. [25:4.1.5.2]
The property owner or designated representative shall not make changes in the occupancy, the use or process, or the materials used or stored in the building without evaluation of the fire protection systems for their capability to protect the new occupancy, use, or materials. [25:4.1.6]
The evaluation required by 13.3.3.4.1.6 shall not be considered part of the normal inspection, testing, and maintenance required by this Code. [25:4.1.6.1]
The evaluation shall consider factors that include, but are not limited to, the following:
  1. Occupancy changes such as converting office or production space into warehousing
  2. Process or material changes such as metal stamping to molded plastics
  3. Building revisions such as relocated walls, added mezzanines, and ceilings added below sprinklers
  4. Removal of heating systems in spaces with piping subject to freezing [25:4.1.6.2]
Where changes in the occupancy, hazard, water supply, storage commodity, storage arrangement, building modification, or other condition that affects the installation criteria of the system are identified, the property owner or designated representative shall promptly take steps to evaluate the adequacy of the installed system in order to protect the building or hazard in question. [25:4.1.7.1]
Where the evaluation reveals that the installed system is inadequate to protect the building or hazard in question, the property owner or designated representative shall make the required corrections. [25:4.1.7.2]
Corrections shall be approved. [25:4.1.7.3]
The location of shutoff valves shall be identified at the system riser or other approved locations. [25:4.1.8]
A permanently marked metal or rigid plastic information sign shall be placed at the system control riser supplying an antifreeze loop, dry system, preaction system, or auxiliary system control valve. [25:4.1.9.1]
Each sign shall be secured with a corrosion-resistant wire, chain, or other approved means and shall indicate at least the following information:
  1. Location of the design area or areas
  2. Discharge densities over the design area or areas
  3. Required flow and residual pressure demand at the base of riser
  4. Occupancy classification or commodity classification and maximum permitted storage height and configuration
  5. Hose stream allowance included in addition to the sprinkler demand
  6. The name of the installing contractor or person providing the information [25:4.1.9.2]
Where an impairment to a water-based fire protection system occurs or is identified during inspection, testing, or maintenance activities, the procedures outlined in Chapter 15 of NFPA 25 shall be followed, including the attachment of a tag to the impaired system. [25:4.1.10.1]
Where a water-based fire protection system is returned to service following an impairment, the system shall be verified to be working properly by means of an appropriate inspection or test as described in the table, "Summary of Component Replacement [Action] Requirements" in the applicable chapters of NFPA 25. [25:4.1.10.2]
Manufacturers shall be permitted to make modifications to their own listed product in the field with listed devices that restore the original performance as intended by the listing, where acceptable to the AHJ. [25:4.2]
Records shall be made for all inspections, tests, and maintenance of the system and its components and shall be made available to the AHJ upon request. [25:4.3.1]
Records shall be permitted to be stored and accessed electronically. [25:4.3.1.1]
Records shall indicate the following:
  1. The procedure/activity performed (e.g., inspection, test, or maintenance)
  2. The organization that performed the activity
  3. The required frequency of the activity
  4. The results and date of the activity
  5. The name and contact information of the qualified contractor or owner, including lead person for activity [25:4.3.2]
Records shall be maintained by the property owner. [25:4.3.3]
As-built system installation drawings, hydraulic calculations, original acceptance test records, and device manufacturer's data sheets shall be retained for the life of the system. [25:4.3.4]
Subsequent records shall be retained for a period of 1 year after the next inspection, test, or maintenance of that type required by the Code. [25:4.3.5]
Where a sprinkler has been removed for any reason, it shall not be reinstalled. [25:5.4.1.1]
Replacement sprinklers shall have the proper characteristics for the application intended, which include the following:
  1. Style
  2. Orifice size and K-factor
  3. Temperature rating
  4. Coating, if any
  5. Deflector type (e.g., upright, pendent, sidewall)
  6. Design requirements [25:5.4.1.2]
Spray sprinklers shall be permitted to replace old-style sprinklers. [25:5.4.1.2.1]
Replacement sprinklers for piers and wharves shall comply with NFPA 307, Standard for the Construction and Fire Protection of Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves. [25:5.4.1.2.2]
Only new, listed sprinklers shall be used to replace existing sprinklers. [25:5.4.1.3]
Special and quick-response sprinklers as defined by NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, shall be replaced with sprinklers of the same orifice, size, temperature range and thermal response characteristics, and K-factor. [25:5.4.1.4]
A supply of at least six spare sprinklers shall be maintained on the premises so that any sprinklers that have operated or been damaged in any way can be promptly replaced. [25:5.4.1.5]