CODES

ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Residential Code 2015 (IRC 2015)

Part I ‒ Administrative

Chapter 1 Scope and Administration

Part 1 — Scope and Application
Part 2 — Administration and Enforcement
Part II ‒ Definitions

Chapter 2 Definitions

Part III ‒ Building Planning and Construction

Chapter 3 Building Planning

Chapter 4 Foundations

Chapter 5 Floors

Chapter 6 Wall Construction

Chapter 7 Wall Covering

Chapter 8 Roof-Ceiling Construction

Chapter 9 Roof Assemblies

Chapter 10 Chimneys and Fireplaces

Part IV ‒ Energy Conservation

Chapter 11 [RE] Energy Efficiency

Part V ‒ Mechanical

Chapter 12 Mechanical Administration

Chapter 13 General Mechanical System Requirements

Chapter 14 Heating and Cooling Equipment and Appliances

Chapter 15 Exhaust Systems

Chapter 16 Duct Systems

Chapter 17 Combustion Air

Chapter 18 Chimneys and Vents

Chapter 19 Special Appliances, Equipment and Systems

Chapter 20 Boilers and Water Heaters

Chapter 21 Hydronic Piping

Chapter 22 Special Piping and Storage Systems

Chapter 23 Solar Thermal Energy Systems

Part VI ‒ Fuel Gas

Chapter 24 Fuel Gas

Part VII ‒ Plumbing

Chapter 25 Plumbing Administration

Chapter 26 General Plumbing Requirements

Chapter 27 Plumbing Fixtures

Chapter 28 Water Heaters

Chapter 29 Water Supply and Distribution

Chapter 30 Sanitary Drainage

Chapter 31 Vents

Chapter 32 Traps

Chapter 33 Storm Drainage

Part VIII ‒ Electrical

Chapter 34 General Requirements

Chapter 35 Electrical Definitions

Chapter 36 Services

Chapter 37 Branch Circuit and Feeder Requirements

Chapter 38 Wiring Methods

Chapter 39 Power and Lighting Distribution

Chapter 40 Devices and Luminaires

Chapter 41 Appliance Installation

Chapter 42 Swimming Pools

Chapter 43 Class 2 Remote-Control, Signaling and Power-Limited Circuits

Part IX ‒ Referenced Standards

Chapter 44 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Sizing and Capacities of Gas Piping

Appendix B Sizing of Venting Systems Serving Appliances Equipped With Draft Hoods, Category I Appliances, and Appliances Listed for Use With Type B Vents

Appendix C Exit Terminals of Mechanical Draft and Direct-Vent Venting Systems

Appendix D Recommended Procedure for Safety Inspection of an Existing Appliance Installation

Appendix E Manufactured Housing Used as Dwellings

Appendix F Radon Control Methods

Appendix G Piping Standards for Various Applications

Appendix H Patio Covers

Appendix I Private Sewage Disposal

Appendix J Existing Buildings and Structures

Appendix K Sound Transmission

Appendix L Permit Fees

Appendix M HOME DAY CARE—R-3 OCCUPANCY

Appendix N Venting Methods

Appendix O Automatic Vehicular Gates

Appendix P Sizing of Water Piping System

Appendix Q Reserved

Appendix R Light Straw-Clay Construction

Appendix S Strawbale Construction

Appendix T Recommended Procedure for Worst-Case Testing of Atmospheric Venting Systems Under N1102.4 or N1105 Conditions ≤ 5ACH50

Appendix U SOLAR-READY PROVISIONS—DETACHED ONE- AND TWO-FAMILY DWELLINGS, MULTIPLE SINGLE- FAMILY DWELLINGS (TOWNHOUSES)

Appendix V WIND SPEEDS, SEISMIC DESIGN CATEGORIES and GROUND SNOW LOADS

Part 1 — Scope and Application

R101.1 Title

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
These provisions The 2015 International Residential Code and this section shall be known as the 2015 International Residential Code for One- and Two-family Dwellings of [NAME OF JURISDICTION], and shall be cited as such and will be portion of the 2018 Connecticut State Building Code, hereinafter referred to herein as “the code” or “this code”.

R101.2 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The provisions of the International Residential Code for One- and Two-family Dwellings this code shall apply to the construction, alteration, movement, enlargement, replacement, repair, equipment, use and occupancy, location, removal and demolition of detached one- and two-family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) not more than three stories above grade plane in height with a separate means of egress and their accessory structures not more than three stories above grade plane in height.

Exceptions:

1. Live/work units located in townhouses and complying with the requirements of Section 419 of the International Building Code shall be permitted to be constructed in accordance with the International Residential Code for One- and Two-Family Dwellings. Fire suppression required by Section 419.5 of the International Building Code where constructed under the International Residential Code for One- and Two-family Dwellings shall conform to Section P2904.

2. Owner-occupied lodging houses with five or fewer guestrooms shall be permitted to be constructed in accordance with the International Residential Code for One- and Two-family Dwellings where equipped with a fire sprinkler system in accordance with Section P2904.
Existing buildings undergoing repair, movement, alteration or additions and change of occupancy may comply with the 2015 International Existing Building Code. The permit applicant shall make the choice to comply with this code or the 2015 International Existing Building Code at the time of application for the building permit.

R101.2.1 Live/work units in one- and two-family dwellings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Live/work units in one- and two-family dwellings, that provide professional services and employ a maximum of one employee within the dwelling in addition to the residents of the dwelling unit, shall be permitted to comply with the requirements of the 2015 International Residential Code portion of the 2018 Connecticut State Building Code.

R101.2.2 Live/work units in townhouses

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Live/work units located in townhouses and complying with the requirements of Section 419 of the 2015 International Building Code shall be permitted to be constructed in accordance with the 2015 International Residential Code. Fire suppression required by Section 419.5 of the 2015 International Building Code where constructed under the 2015 International Residential Code shall conform to Section P2904.
The purpose of this code is to establish minimum requirements to safeguard the public safety, health and general welfare through affordability, structural strength, means of egress facilities, stability, sanitation, light and ventilation, energy conservation and safety to life and property from fire and other hazards attributed to the built environment and to provide safety to fire fighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.

R101.4 Referenced codes and regulations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

R101.4.1 Gas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The International Fuel Gas Code is not adopted by the State of Connecticut. Any references to the International Fuel Gas Code within the body of this code shall be considered references to requirements of NFPA 2, Hydrogen Technologies Code, NFPA 54, National Fuel Gas Code and NFPA 58, Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code.

R101.4.2 Private sewage disposal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The International Private Sewage Disposal Code is not adopted by the State of Connecticut. Private sewage disposal systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with the Public Health Code adopted under authority of section 19a-36 of the Connecticut General Statutes. Any reference to the International Private Sewage Disposal Code within the body of this code shall be deemed a reference to the regulations adopted pursuant to section 19a-36 of the Connecticut General Statutes, known as the Public Health Code.

R101.4.3 Property maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The International Property Maintenance Code is not adopted by the State of Connecticut. Property maintenance shall be in accordance with the requirements of this code or the requirements of local property maintenance codes when such codes are adopted by the town, city or borough. References to the International Property Maintenance Code found within the body of the model document shall be considered null and void.

R101.4.4 Connecticut State Fire Safety Code

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
References to the 2015 International Fire Code within the body of the model document shall be considered to be references to the 2018 Connecticut State Fire Safety Code.

R101.4.5 Applicable electrical code

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The applicable electrical code requirements for buildings constructed under this code are those of chapters 34-43 of this code. The permit applicant may elect at the time of application for permit to follow the requirements of the 2017 NFPA 70 National Electrical Code portion of the 2018 Connecticut State Building Code, as an alternative compliance to the electrical requirements of this code. The applicant must indicate this choice on the permit application and on all construction documents.

R101.4.6 Demolition of structures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The demolition of structures shall be conducted in accordance with the State Demolition Code as found in chapter 541 of the Connecticut General Statutes.

R101.4.7 Existing buildings code

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The permit applicant may elect at the time of application for permit to follow the requirements of the 2015 International Existing Building Code portion of the 2018 Connecticut State Building Code, as an alternative compliance to the requirements of this code. The applicant must indicate this choice on the permit application and on all construction documents.
Where there is a conflict between a general requirement and a specific requirement, the specific requirement shall be applicable. Where, in any specific case, different sections of this code specify different materials, methods of construction or other requirements, the most restrictive shall govern.
The provisions of this code shall not be deemed to nullify any provisions of local, state or federal law.
References to chapter or section numbers, or to provisions not specifically identified by number, shall be construed to refer to such chapter, section or provision of this code.

R102.4 Referenced Codes and Standards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference and as further regulated in Sections R102.4.1 and R102.4.2. Any reference to the ICC codes shall mean the 2018 Connecticut State Building Code adopted pursuant to section 29- 252 of the Connecticut General Statutes.

Exception: Where enforcement of a code provision would violate the conditions of the listing of the equipment or appliance, the conditions of the listing and manufacturer's instructions shall apply.
Where conflicts occur between provisions of this code and referenced codes and standards, the provisions of this code shall apply.
Where the extent of the reference to a referenced code or standard includes subject matter that is within the scope of this code, the provisions of this code, as applicable, shall take precedence over the provisions in the referenced code or standard.

R102.5 Appendices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Provisions in the appendices shall not apply unless specifically referenced in the adopting ordinance.
The following appendices of the 2015 International Residential Code are hereby specifically adopted and included in this code: E; F; G; H; K; O; P and V.
In the event any part or provision of this code is held to be illegal or void, this shall not have the effect of making void or illegal any of the other parts or provisions.

R102.7 Existing Structures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The legal occupancy of any building or structure existing on the date of adoption of this code shall be permitted to continue without change, except as is specifically covered in this code, the International Property Maintenance Code or the International Fire Code, or as is deemed necessary by the building official for the general safety and welfare of the occupants and the public.
Additions, alterations or repairs to any structure shall conform to the requirements for a new structure without requiring the existing structure to comply with the requirements of this code, unless otherwise stated. Additions, alterations, repairs and relocations shall not cause an existing structure to become unsafe or adversely affect the performance of the building.

Part 2 — Administration and Enforcement

Section R103 Department of Building Safety

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

R103.1 Creation of Enforcement Agency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The department of building safety is hereby created and the official in charge thereof shall be known as the building official.

R103.2 Appointment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official shall be appointed by the jurisdiction.

R103.3 Deputies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In accordance with the prescribed procedures of this jurisdiction and with the concurrence of the appointing authority, the building official shall have the authority to appoint a deputy building official, the related technical officers, inspectors, plan examiners and other employees. Such employees shall have powers as delegated by the building official.

Section R103 ENFORCEMENT AGENCY

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

R103.1 Creation of enforcement agency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Each town, city and borough shall create an agency whose function is to enforce the provisions of this code. The official in charge thereof shall be known as the building official.

R103.2 Appointment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to section 29-260 of the Connecticut General Statutes, the chief executive officer of any town, city or borough shall appoint an officer to administer this code, and this officer shall be known as the “building official” and referred to herein as the building official, local building official or code official.

R103.3 Employees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In accordance with the prescribed procedures and regulations of the town, city or borough, and with the concurrence of the appointing authority, the building official shall have the authority to appoint an assistant building official, related technical officers, inspectors, plan examiners and other employees. Such employees shall have the powers as regulated by the town, city or borough, and by the State of Connecticut.

R103.4 Restriction of employees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
An official or employee connected with the agency created to enforce the provisions of this code pursuant to Section R103.1, except one whose only connection with it is that of a member of the board of appeals established under the provisions of Section R112, shall not be engaged in, or directly or indirectly connected with, the furnishing of labor, materials or appliances for the construction, addition, alteration, repair or maintenance of a building located in the town, city or borough in which such official or employee is employed, or the preparation of construction documents therefore, unless that person is the owner of the building. Such officer or employee shall not engage in any work that conflicts with official duties or with the interests of the agency.

R104.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official is hereby authorized and directed to enforce the provisions of this code. The building official shall have the authority to render interpretations of this code and to adopt policies and procedures in order to clarify the application of its provisions. Such interpretations, policies and procedures shall be in conformance compliance with the intent and purpose of this code. Such policies and procedures shall not have the effect of waiving requirements specifically provided for in this code, nor shall they have the effect of establishing requirements in excess of those set forth in this code.

R104.1.1 Rule-making authority

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to subsection (a) of section 29-252 of the Connecticut General Statutes, the State Building Inspector and the Codes and Standards Committee shall, jointly, with the approval of the Commissioner of Administrative Services, adopt and administer the Connecticut State Building Code for the purpose of regulating the design, construction and use of buildings or structures to be erected and the alteration of buildings or structures already erected and make such amendments thereto as they, from time to time, deem necessary or desirable.
The building official shall receive applications, review construction documents and issue permits for the erection and alteration of buildings and structures, inspect the premises for which such permits have been issued and enforce compliance with the provisions of this code.
The building official shall issue necessary notices or orders to ensure compliance with this code.
The building official shall make the required inspections, or the building official shall have the authority to accept reports of inspection by approved agencies or individuals. Reports of such inspections shall be in writing and be certified by a responsible officer of such approved agency or by the responsible individual. The building official is authorized to engage such expert opinion as deemed necessary to report upon unusual technical issues that arise, subject to the approval of the appointing authority.
The building official shall carry proper identification when inspecting structures or premises in the performance of duties under this code.

R104.6 Right of Entry

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Where it is necessary to make an inspection to enforce the provisions of this code, or where the building official has reasonable cause to believe that there exists in a structure or upon a premises a condition that is contrary to or in violation of this code that makes the structure or premises unsafe, dangerous or hazardous, the building official or designee is authorized to enter the structure or premises at reasonable times to inspect or to perform the duties imposed by this code, provided that if such structure or premises be occupied that credentials be presented to the occupant and entry requested. If such structure or premises is unoccupied, the building official shall first make a reasonable effort to locate the owner, the owner's authorized agent, or other person having charge or control of the structure or premises and request entry. If entry is refused, the building official shall have recourse to the remedies provided by law to secure entry.
Pursuant to subsection (d) of section 29-261 of the Connecticut General Statutes, the building official or his assistant shall have the right of entry to such buildings or structures, except single-family residences, for the proper performance of his duties between the hours of nine a.m. and five p.m., except that in the case of an emergency he shall have the right of entry at any time, if such entry is necessary in the interest of public safety. Pursuant to section 29-393 of the Connecticut General Statutes, on receipt of information from the local fire marshal or from any other authentic source that any building in his jurisdiction, due to lack of exit facilities, fire, deterioration, catastrophe or other cause, is in such condition as to be a hazard to any person or persons, the building official or his assistant shall immediately make inspection.
The building official shall keep official records of applications received, permits and certificates issued, fees collected, reports of inspections, and notices and orders issued. Such records shall be retained in the official records for the period required for the retention of public records.
The building official, member of the board of appeals or employee charged with the enforcement of this code, while acting for the jurisdiction in good faith and without malice in the discharge of the duties required by this code or other pertinent law or ordinance, shall not thereby be rendered civilly or criminally liable personally and is hereby relieved from personal liability for any damage accruing to persons or property as a result of any act or by reason of an act or omission in the discharge of official duties.
Any suit or criminal complaint instituted against an officer or employee because of an act performed by that officer or employee in the lawful discharge of duties and under the provisions of this code shall be defended by legal representatives of the jurisdiction until the final termination of the proceedings. The building official or any subordinate shall not be liable for cost in any action, suit or proceeding that is instituted in pursuance of the provisions of this code.
Materials, equipment and devices approved by the building official shall be constructed and installed in accordance with such approval.
Used materials, equipment and devices shall not be reused unless approved by the building official.

R104.10 Modifications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Where there are practical difficulties involved in carrying out the provisions of this code, the building official shall have the authority to grant modifications for individual cases, provided the building official shall first find that special individual reason makes the strict letter of this code impractical and the modification is in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code and that such modification does not lessen health, life and fire safety or structural requirements. The details of action granting modifications shall be recorded and entered in the files of the department of building safety.Modifications, variations, or exemptions from and approval of equivalent or alternative compliance with the requirements of this code shall be in accordance with the provisions of Sections 104.10.1 to 104.10.4, inclusive.
The building official shall not grant modifications to any provisions required in flood hazard areas as established by Table R301.2(1) unless a determination has been made that:

1. There is good and sufficient cause showing that the unique characteristics of the size, configuration or topography of the site render the elevation standards of Section R322 inappropriate.

2. Failure to grant the modification would result in exceptional hardship by rendering the lot undevelopable.

3. The granting of modification will not result in increased flood heights, additional threats to public safety, extraordinary public expense, cause fraud on or victimization of the public, or conflict with existing laws or ordinances.

4. The modification is the minimum necessary to afford relief, considering the flood hazard.

5. Written notice specifying the difference between the design flood elevation and the elevation to which the building is to be built, stating that the cost of flood insurance will be commensurate with the increased risk resulting from the reduced floor elevation and stating that construction below the design flood elevation increases risks to life and property, has been submitted to the applicant.

R104.10.1 Connecticut State Building Code

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to subsection (b) of section 29- 254 of the Connecticut General Statutes, the State Building Inspector may grant modifications, variations or exemptions from, or approve equivalent or alternative compliance with, the Connecticut State Building Code where strict compliance with the Connecticut State Building Code would entail practical difficulty or unnecessary hardship, or is otherwise adjudged unwarranted, provided the intent of the law shall be observed and public welfare and safety be assured. Any person aggrieved by any decision of the State Building Inspector may appeal to the Codes and Standards Committee not later than 30 days after mailing of the decision.

R104.10.1.1 Action on application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The application for modification, variation, exemption from or approval of equivalent or alternative compliance with the requirements of the Connecticut State Building Code shall be made on a form supplied by the State Building Inspector, which shall be submitted by the applicant to the building official. Pursuant to subsection (b) of section 29-254 of the Connecticut General Statutes, any such application received by a building official shall be forwarded to the State Building Inspector within 15 business days of receipt by such building official. The application shall include the building official’s comments on the merits of the application, and shall be signed by the building official.

R104.10.1.2 Records

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The application for modification, variation, exemption or approval of equivalent or alternative compliance and the decision of the State Building Inspector shall be in writing and shall be officially recorded with the application for a building permit in the permanent records of the building department.

R104.10.2 Accessibility exemption

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to subsection (b) of section 29-269 of the Connecticut General Statutes, any variation of or exemption from any provisions relating to accessibility to, use of and egress from, buildings and structures as required herein shall be permitted only when approved by the State Building Inspector. Any person aggrieved by the decision of the State Building Inspector may appeal to the Codes and Standards Committee within 30 days after such decision has been rendered.

R104.10.3 Historic structures exemption

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to section 29-259 of the Connecticut General Statutes, exemptions may be granted to the provisions of this code for historic structures as defined by section 10-410 of the Connecticut General Statutes, which have been classified as such in the State Register of Historic Places as long as the provisions of subsection (b) of section 29-259 of the Connecticut General Statutes are adhered to and provided that such exemptions shall not affect the safe design, use or construction of such property. Exemptions shall be granted in accordance with Section R104.10.1 of this code.

R104.10.4 Urban homesteading property exemption

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to section 29-259 of the Connecticut General Statutes, exemptions may be granted to the provisions of this code for property acquired by an urban homesteading agency, pursuant to section 8-169r of the Connecticut General Statutes, and transferred to a qualified applicant pursuant to section 8-169s of the Connecticut General Statutes; provided such exemptions shall not affect the safe design, use or construction of such property. Exemptions shall be granted in accordance with Section R104.10.1 of this code.
The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any material or to prohibit any design or method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code, provided that any such alternative has been approved. An alternative material, design or method of construction shall be approved where the building official finds that the proposed design is satisfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this code, and that the material, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended, not less than the equivalent of that prescribed in this code. Compliance with the specific performance-based provisions of the International Codes shall be an alternative to the specific requirements of this code. Where the alternative material, design or method of construction is not approved, the building official shall respond in writing, stating the reasons why the alternative was not approved.
Where there is insufficient evidence of compliance with the provisions of this code, or evidence that a material or method does not conform to the requirements of this code, or in order to substantiate claims for alternative materials or methods, the building official shall have the authority to require tests as evidence of compliance to be made at no expense to the jurisdiction. Test methods shall be as specified in this code or by other recognized test standards. In the absence of recognized and accepted test methods, the building official shall approve the testing procedures. Tests shall be performed by an approved agency. Reports of such tests shall be retained by the building official for the period required for retention of public records.

R104.11.2 Research reports

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Submission to the local building official of a valid research report prepared by an approved evaluation service that supports the efficacy of use of any material, appliance, equipment or method of construction not specifically provided for in this code, or that demonstrates compliance with this code, may be deemed evidence of compliance with this code.

R105.1 Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Any owner or owner's authorized agent who intends to construct, enlarge, alter, repair, move, demolish or change the occupancy of a building or structure, or to move a lot line that will affect any existing building or structure, or to erect, install, enlarge, alter, repair, remove, convert or replace any electrical, gas, mechanical or plumbing system, the installation of which is regulated by this code, or to cause any such work to be performed, shall first make application to the building official and obtain the required permit.

R105.1.1 By whom application is made

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to section 29-263 of the Connecticut General Statutes, application for a permit shall be made by the owner or by an authorized agent. If the authorized agent is a contractor, such contractor shall follow the provisions of section 20-338b of the Connecticut General Statutes. The applicant shall include the full names and addresses of the owner, agent and the responsible officers, if the owner or agent is a corporate body

R105.1.2 Permit issuance to a home improvement contractor

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
No permit shall be issued to a contractor who is required to be registered pursuant to chapter 400 of the Connecticut General Statutes, for work to be performed by such contractor, unless the name, business address and Department of Consumer Protection registration number of such contractor is clearly marked on the application for permit, and the contractor has presented such contractor’s certificate of registration as a home improvement contractor.

R105.2 Work Exempt From Permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Exemption from the permit requirements of this code shall not be deemed to grant authorization for any work to be done in any manner in violation of the provisions of this code or any other laws, statutes, regulations or ordinances of this the jurisdiction. Permits shall not be required for the following work:

Building:
  1. One-story detached accessory structures used as tool and storage sheds, playhouses and similar uses, provided that the floor area does is not exceed greater than 200 square feet (18.58 m2).
  2. Fences, other than swimming pool barriers, not over 7 feet (2134 mm) high.
  3. Retaining walls that are not over 4 higher than 3 feet (1219914 mm) in height measured from finished grade at the bottom of the wall footing to finished grade at the top of the wall, unless supporting a surcharge.
  4. Water tanks supported directly upon grade if the capacity does not exceed 5,000 gallons (18 927 L) and the ratio of height to diameter or width does not exceed 2 to 1.
  5. Sidewalks, and driveways and on-grade concrete or masonry patios not more than 30 inches (762 mm) above adjacent grade and not over any basement or story below.
  6. Painting, papering, tiling, carpeting, cabinets, countertops and similar finish work not involving structural changes or alterations.
  7. Prefabricated swimming pools that are equal to or less than 24 inches (610 mm) deep.
  8. Swings, nonhabitable tree houses and other playground equipment.
  9. Window awnings supported by an exterior wall that which do not project more than 54 inches (1372 mm) from the exterior wall and which do not require additional support.
  10. Decks not exceeding 200 square feet (18.58 m2) in area, that are not more than 30 inches (762 mm) above grade at any point, are not attached to a dwelling and do not serve the exit door required by Section R311.4.
  11. Repairs that are limited to 25 percent of roof covering and building siding within one calendar year.
Electrical:
  1. Listed cord-and-plug connected temporary decorative lighting.
  2. Reinstallation of attachment plug receptacles but not the outlets therefor.
  3. Replacement of branch circuit overcurrent devices of the required capacity in the same location.
  4. Electrical wiring, devices, appliances, apparatus or equipment operating at less than 25 volts and not capable of supplying more than 50 watts of energy.
  5. Minor repair work, including the replacement of lamps and fuses or the connection of approved portable electrical equipment to approved permanently installed receptacles.
Gas:
  1. Portable heating, or cooking or clothes drying appliances with a self-contained fuel supply.
  2. Replacement of any minor part that does not alter approval of equipment or make such equipment unsafe.
  3. Portable-fuel-cell appliances that are not connected to a fixed piping system and are not interconnected to a power grid.
Mechanical:
  1. Portable heating appliances with a self-contained fuel supply.
  2. Portable ventilation appliances.
  3. Portable cooling units.
  4. Steam, hot- or chilled-water piping contained within any heating or cooling equipment regulated by Chapters 18 to 24, inclusive, of this code.
  5. Replacement of any minor part that does not alter approval of equipment or make such equipment unsafe.
  6. Portable evaporative coolers.
  7. Self-contained refrigeration systems containing 10 pounds (4.54 kg) or less of refrigerant or that are actuated by motors of 1 horsepower (746 W) or less.
  8. Portable- fuel-cell appliances that are not connected to a fixed piping system and are not interconnected to a power grid.
Plumbing:
  1. The stopping of leaks in drains, water, soil, waste or vent pipe; provided, however, that if any concealed trap, drainpipe, water, soil, waste or vent pipe becomes defective and it becomes necessary to remove and replace the same with new material, such work shall be considered as new work and a permit shall be obtained and inspection made as provided in Sections R105 and R109 of this code.
  2. The clearing of stoppages or the repairing of leaks in pipes, valves or fixtures, and the removal and reinstallation of water closets, provided such repairs do not involve or require the replacement or rearrangement of valves, pipes or fixtures.
Where equipment replacements and repairs must be performed in an emergency situation, the permit application shall be submitted within the next working business day to the building official.
Application or notice to the building official is not required for ordinary repairs to structures, replacement of lamps or the connection of approved portable electrical equipment to approved permanently installed receptacles. Such repairs shall not include the cutting away of any wall, partition or portion thereof, the removal or cutting of any structural beam or load-bearing support, or the removal or change of any required means of egress, or rearrangement of parts of a structure affecting the egress requirements; nor shall ordinary repairs include addition to, alteration of, replacement or relocation of any water supply, sewer, drainage, drain leader, gas, soil, waste, vent or similar piping, electric wiring or mechanical or other work affecting public health or general safety.
A permit shall not be required for the installation, alteration or repair of generation, transmission, distribution, metering or other related equipment that is under the ownership and control of public service agencies by established right.
To obtain a permit, the applicant shall first file an application therefor in writing on a form furnished by the department of building safety for that purpose. Such application shall:

1. Identify and describe the work to be covered by the permit for which application is made.

2. Describe the land on which the proposed work is to be done by legal description, street address or similar description that will readily identify and definitely locate the proposed building or work.

3. Indicate the use and occupancy for which the proposed work is intended.

4. Be accompanied by construction documents and other information as required in Section R106.1.

5. State the valuation of the proposed work.

6. Be signed by the applicant or the applicant's authorized agent.

7. Give such other data and information as required by the building official.

R105.3.1 Action on Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to section 29-263 of the Connecticut General Statutes, the building official shall examine or cause to be examined applications for permits and amendments thereto within a reasonable time 30 days after filing and either issue or deny a permit within such 30- day period. If the application or the construction documents do not conform to the requirements of pertinent this code and applicable laws, the building official shall reject such application in writing, stating the reasons therefore. If the building official is satisfied that the proposed work conforms to the requirements of this code and laws and ordinances applicable thereto laws, the building official shall issue a permit therefor as soon as practicable.
For applications for reconstruction, rehabilitation, addition, alteration, repair or other improvement of existing buildings or structures located in a flood hazard area as established by Table R301.2(1), the building official shall examine or cause to be examined the construction documents and shall make a determination with regard to the value of the proposed work. For buildings that have sustained damage of any origin, the value of the proposed work shall include the cost to repair the building or structure to its predamaged condition. If the building official finds that the value of proposed work equals or exceeds 50 percent of the market value of the building or structure before the damage has occurred or the improvement is started, the proposed work is a substantial improvement or restoration of substantial damage and the building official shall require existing portions of the entire building or structure to meet the requirements of Section R322.

For the purpose of this determination, a substantial improvement shall mean any repair, reconstruction, rehabilitation, addition or improvement of a building or structure, the cost of which equals or exceeds 50 percent of the market value of the building or structure before the improvement or repair is started. Where the building or structure has sustained substantial damage, repairs necessary to restore the building or structure to its predamaged condition shall be considered substantial improvements regardless of the actual repair work performed. The term shall not include either of the following:
  1. Improvements to a building or structure that are required to correct existing health, sanitary or safety code violations identified by the building official and that are the minimum necessary to ensure safe living conditions.
  2. Any alteration of a historic building or structure, provided that the alteration will not preclude the continued designation as a historic building or structure. For the purposes of this exclusion, a historic building shall be any of the following:
    1. Listed or preliminarily determined to be eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places.
    2. Determined by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Interior as contributing to the historical significance of a registered historic district or a district preliminarily determined to qualify as an historic district.
    3. Designated as historic under a state or local historic preservation program that is approved by the Department of Interior.

R105.3.1.1.1 Wind design criteria for existing structures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
For structures where the proposed work is determined to be a substantial improvement or restoration under R105.3.1.1 and having a wind Exposure D, structural elements that are uncovered shall be required to be improved to meet the wind speed design criteria in R301.2.1.

R105.3.1.2 Zoning approval

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to subsection (f) of section 8-3 of the Connecticut General Statutes, no building permit shall be issued, in whole or in part, for a building, use or structure subject to the zoning regulations of a municipality without certification in writing by the official charged with the enforcement of such regulations that such building, use or structure is in conformity with such regulations or is a valid nonconforming use under such regulations.
An application for a permit for any proposed work shall be deemed to have been abandoned 180 days after the date of filing unless such application has been pursued in good faith or a permit has been issued; except that the building official is authorized to grant one or more extensions of time for additional periods not exceeding 180 days each. The extension shall be requested in writing and justifiable cause demonstrated.
The issuance or granting of a permit shall not be construed to be a permit for, or an approval of, any violation of any of the provisions of this code or of any other ordinance of the jurisdiction. Permits presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. The issuance of a permit based on construction documents and other data shall not prevent the building official from requiring the correction of errors in the construction documents and other data. The building official is authorized to prevent occupancy or use of a structure where in violation of this code or of any other ordinances of this jurisdiction.

R105.5 Expiration of permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Every permit issued shall become invalid unless the work on the site authorized by such permit is commenced within 180 days after its issuance, or if the work authorized by such permit is suspended or abandoned for a period of 180 days after the time the work is commenced. The building official is authorized to may grant, in writing, one or more extensions of time, for periods of not more than 180 days each. The extensions shall be requested in writing and justifiable cause shall be demonstrated.

Exception: The building official may specify an expiration date of not less than 30 days, nor more than 180 days, for commencement of work under permits issued to abate unsafe conditions pursuant to Section R115 of this code. Work performed under such permits shall be completed as expeditiously as possible.
The building official is authorized to suspend or revoke a permit issued under the provisions of this code wherever the permit is issued in error or on the basis of incorrect, inaccurate or incomplete information, or in violation of any ordinance or regulation or any of the provisions of this code.
The building permit or a copy shall be kept on the site of the work until the completion of the project.
It shall be the duty of every person who performs work for the installation or repair of building, structure, electrical, gas, mechanical or plumbing systems, for which this code is applicable, to comply with this code.
Before issuing a permit, the building official is authorized to examine or cause to be examined buildings, structures and sites for which an application has been filed.
Submittal documents consisting of construction documents, and other data shall be submitted in two or more sets with each application for a permit. The construction documents shall be prepared by a registered design professional where required by the statutes of the jurisdiction in which the project is to be constructed. Where special conditions exist, the building official is authorized to require additional construction documents to be prepared by a registered design professional.

Exception: The building official is authorized to waive the submission of construction documents and other data not required to be prepared by a registered design professional if it is found that the nature of the work applied for is such that reviewing of construction documents is not necessary to obtain compliance with this code.
Construction documents shall be drawn upon suitable material. Electronic media documents are permitted to be submitted where approved by the building official. Construction documents shall be of sufficient clarity to indicate the location, nature and extent of the work proposed and show in detail that it will conform to the provisions of this code and relevant laws, ordinances, rules and regulations, as determined by the building official.
Manufacturer's installation instructions, as required by this code, shall be available on the job site at the time of inspection.
For buildings and structures utilizing braced wall design, and where required by the building official, braced wall lines shall be identified on the construction documents. Pertinent information including, but not limited to, bracing methods, location and length of braced wall panels and foundation requirements of braced wall panels at top and bottom shall be provided.
For buildings and structures located in whole or in part in flood hazard areas as established by Table R301.2(1), construction documents shall include:
  1. Delineation of flood hazard areas, floodway boundaries and flood zones and the design flood elevation, as appropriate.
  2. The elevation of the proposed lowest floor, including basement; in areas of shallow flooding (AO Zones), the height of the proposed lowest floor, including basement, above the highest adjacent grade.
  3. The elevation of the bottom of the lowest horizontal structural member in coastal high hazard areas (V Zone) and in Coastal A Zones where such zones are delineated on flood hazard maps identified in Table R301.2(1) or otherwise delineated by the jurisdiction.
  4. If design flood elevations are not included on the community's Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM), the building official and the applicant shall obtain and reasonably utilize any design flood elevation and floodway data available from other sources.
The construction documents submitted with the application for permit shall be accompanied by a site plan showing the size and location of new construction and existing structures on the site and distances from lot lines. In the case of demolition, the site plan shall show construction to be demolished and the location and size of existing structures and construction that are to remain on the site or plot. The building official is authorized to waive or modify the requirement for a site plan where the application for permit is for alteration or repair or where otherwise warranted.

R106.2.1 Private sewage disposal system

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The site plan shall indicate the location of a private or public sewage disposal system. Private sewage disposal systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with the requirements of the Public Health Code adopted under authority of section 19a-36 of the Connecticut General Statutes. All technical and soil data required by the Public Health Code shall be submitted with the site plan. Approval of such systems shall be by the local authority having jurisdiction. When such approval is required by the local authority having jurisdiction, written proof of such approval shall be submitted to the building official prior to issuance of a building permit.
The building official shall examine or cause to be examined construction documents for code compliance.
Where the building official issues a permit, the construction documents shall be approved in writing or by a stamp that states "REVIEWED FOR CODE COMPLIANCE." One set of construction documents so reviewed shall be retained by the building official. The other set shall be returned to the applicant, shall be kept at the site of work and shall be open to inspection by the building official or a duly authorized representative.
This code shall not require changes in the construction documents, construction or designated occupancy of a structure for which a lawful permit has been heretofore issued or otherwise lawfully authorized, and the construction of which has been pursued in good faith within 180 days after the effective date of this code and has not been abandoned.
The building official is authorized to issue a permit for the construction of foundations or any other part of a building or structure before the construction documents for the whole building or structure have been submitted, provided that adequate information and detailed statements have been filed complying with pertinent requirements of this code. The holder of such permit for the foundation or other parts of a building or structure shall proceed at the holder's own risk with the building operation and without assurance that a permit for the entire structure will be granted.
Work shall be installed in accordance with the approved construction documents, and any changes made during construction that are not in compliance with the approved construction documents shall be resubmitted for approval as an amended set of construction documents.

R106.5 Retention of Construction Documents

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
One set of approved construction documents shall be retained by the building official for a period of not less than 180 days from date of completion of the permitted work, or as required by state or local laws.
Pursuant to subsection (e) of section 29- 261 of the Connecticut General Statutes, upon receipt of a written request signed by the owner of plans and specifications on file for a single-family dwelling or out-building, the building official shall immediately return the original plans and specifications to the owner after a certificate of occupancy is issued with respect to the plans and specifications.

R106.6 Additional requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Nontransient residential dwellings having more than 16 units or 24,000 square feet total gross area per building shall be subject to the additional requirements set forth in Section 107.6 of the 2015 International Building Code portion of the 2018 Connecticut State Building Code.

R107.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official is authorized to may issue a permit for temporary structures and temporary uses. Such permits shall be limited as to time of service, but shall not be permitted for more than 180 days. The building official is authorized to may grant a single 180-day extensions for demonstrated cause.

Exceptions: The following shall be exempt from permit requirements:
  1. Tents used exclusively for recreational camping purposes.
  2. Tents less than 350 square feet total area.
  3. Tents 900 square feet and smaller in total area when occupied by fewer than 50 persons, which have no heating appliances, no installed electrical service, and are erected for fewer than 72 hours.
Temporary structures and uses shall conform to the structural strength, fire safety, means of egress, light, ventilation and sanitary requirements of this code as necessary to ensure the public health, safety and general welfare.

R107.3 Temporary Power

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official is authorized to give permission to temporarily supply and use power in part of an electric utilities before an installation before such installation has been fully completed and the final certificate of completion approval has been issued. The part covered by the temporary certificate permission shall comply with the requirements specified for temporary lighting, heat or power in this code or in the 2017 NFPA 70, National Electrical Code, portion of the 2018 Connecticut State Building Code.
The building official is authorized to terminate such permit for a temporary structure or use and to order the temporary structure or use to be discontinued.
A permit shall not be valid until the fees prescribed by law have been paid, nor shall an amendment to a permit be released until the additional fee, if any, has been paid.

R108.2 Schedule of Permit Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
On buildings, structures, electrical, gas, mechanical and plumbing systems or alterations requiring a permit, a fee for each permit shall be paid as required, in accordance with the schedule as established by the applicable governing authority.
Each municipality shall establish a schedule of fees for each construction document review, building permit, certificate of approval and certificate of occupancy. A schedule of adopted fees shall be posted for public view.

R108.3 Building Permit Valuations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The applicant for a permit shall provide an estimated permit value at the time of application. Building Permit valuations shall include total value of the work, including materials and labor, for which a the permit is being issued, such as electrical, gas, mechanical, plumbing equipment and other permanent systems, including materials and labor. If, in the opinion of the building official, the valuation is underestimated on the application, the permit shall be denied, unless the applicant can show detailed estimates to meet the approval of the building official. Final building permit valuation shall be set by the building official.
The payment of the fee for the construction, alteration, removal or demolition for work done in connection to or concurrently with the work authorized by a building permit shall not relieve the applicant or holder of the permit from the payment of other fees that are prescribed by law.
The building official is authorized to establish a refund policy.

R108.6 Work Commencing Before Permit Issuance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Any person who commences work requiring a permit on a building, structure, electrical, gas, mechanical or plumbing system before obtaining the necessary permits shall be subject to a fee established by the applicable governing authority that shall be in addition to the required permit fees.
For on-site construction, from time to time the building official, upon notification from the permit holder or his agent, shall make or cause to be made any necessary inspections and shall either approve that portion of the construction as completed or shall notify the permit holder or his or her agent wherein the same fails to comply with this code.
Inspection of the foundation shall be made after poles or piers are set or trenches or basement areas are excavated and any required forms erected and any required reinforcing steel is in place and supported prior to the placing of concrete. The foundation inspection shall include excavations for thickened slabs intended for the support of bearing walls, partitions, structural supports, or equipment and special requirements for wood foundations.
Rough inspection of plumbing, mechanical, gas and electrical systems shall be made prior to covering or concealment, before fixtures or appliances are set or installed, and prior to framing inspection.

Exception: Backfilling of ground-source heat pump loop systems tested in accordance with Section M2105.28 prior to inspection shall be permitted.
For construction in flood hazard areas as established by Table R301.2(1), upon placement of the lowest floor, including basement, and prior to further vertical construction, the building official shall require submission of documentation, prepared and sealed by a registered design professional, of the elevation of the lowest floor, including basement, required in Section R322.
Inspection of framing and masonry construction shall be made after the roof, masonry, framing, firestopping, draftstopping and bracing are in place and after the plumbing, mechanical and electrical rough inspections are approved.

R109.1.4.1 Insulation inspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Inspection of the building air tightness and insulation installation shall be conducted in accordance with Section N1102.4.1.2.
In addition to inspections in Sections R109.1.1 through R109.1.4, the building official shall have the authority to make or require any other inspections to ascertain compliance with this code and other laws enforced by the building official.
Where fire-resistance-rated construction is required between dwelling units or due to location on property, the building official shall require an inspection of such construction after lathing or gypsum board or gypsum panel products are in place, but before any plaster is applied, or before board or panel joints and fasteners are taped and finished.

R109.1.5.2 Additional electrical inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Required electrical inspections in addition to those required by Sections R109.1.2 and R109.1.6 shall include installations of temporary services prior to activation and installation of underground piping and conductors after trenches are excavated and bedded and before backfill is put in place.
Final inspection shall be made after the permitted work is complete and prior to occupancy.
If located in a flood hazard area, the documentation of elevations required in Section R322.1.10 shall be submitted to the building official prior to the final inspection.

R109.1.7 Posting of required inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official shall compile a schedule of required inspections and shall post the schedule in the building department for public view.
The building official is authorized to accept reports of approved agencies, provided such agencies satisfy the requirements as to qualifications and reliability.
It shall be the duty of the permit holder or their agent to notify the building official that such work is ready for inspection. It shall be the duty of the person requesting any inspections required by this code to provide access to and means for inspection of such work.
Work shall not be done beyond the point indicated in each successive inspection without first obtaining the approval of the building official. The building official upon notification, shall make the requested inspections and shall either indicate the portion of the construction that is satisfactory as completed, or shall notify the permit holder or an agent of the permit holder wherein the same fails to comply with this code. Any portions that do not comply shall be corrected and such portion shall not be covered or concealed until authorized by the building official.

R109.5 Notification of inspection results

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Notification as to passage or failure, in whole or in part, of any required inspection shall be made in writing by the building official or his duly authorized representative and shall be left at the job site or delivered to the permit holder. It shall be the duty of the permit holder to ascertain the results of required inspections.

R110.1 Use and Occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
A building or structure shall not be used or occupied, and a change in the existing use or occupancy classification of a building or structure or portion thereof shall not be made, until the building official has issued a certificate of occupancy therefor as provided herein. Issuance of a certificate of occupancy shall not be construed as an approval of a violation of the provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction. Certificates presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid.
Pursuant to subsection (a) of section 29-265 of the Connecticut General Statutes, no building or structure erected or altered in any municipality after October 1, 1970, shall be occupied or used, in whole or in part, until a certificate of occupancy has been issued by the building official, certifying that such building, structure or work performed pursuant to the building permit substantially complies with the provisions of this code. Nothing in the code shall require the removal, alteration or abandonment of, or prevent the continuance of the use and occupancy of, any single-family dwelling but within six years of the date of occupancy of such dwelling after substantial completion of construction of, alteration to or addition to such dwelling, or of a building lawfully existing on October 1, 1945, except as may be necessary for the safety of life or property. The use of a building or premises shall not be deemed to have changed because of a temporary vacancy or change of ownership or tenancy.

Exceptions:
  1. Work for which a certificate of approval is issued in accordance with Section R110.9.
  2. A certificates of occupancy are is not required for work exempt from permits requirements under Section R105.2.
  3. Accessory buildings or structures.

R110.1.1 Zoning approval

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to subsection (f) of section 8-3 of the Connecticut General Statutes, no certificate of occupancy shall be issued for a building, use or structure subject to the zoning regulations of a municipality without certification in writing by the official charged with the enforcement of such regulations that such building, use or structure is in conformity with such regulations or is a valid nonconforming use under such regulations.

R110.1.2 Statement of professional opinion

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to section 29-276c of the Connecticut General Statutes, no certificate of occupancy shall be issued for a proposed structure or addition to buildings classified as nontransient residential dwellings having more than 16 units or 24,000 square feet total gross area per building, until the building official has been provided with a statement signed by the architect or professional engineer and the general contractor stating that the completed structure or addition is in substantial compliance with the approved plans on file.
Changes in the character or use of an existing structure shall not be made except as specified in Sections 407 and 408 of the International Existing Building Code.
After the building official inspects the building or structure and does not find violations of the provisions of this code or other laws that are enforced by the department of building safety, the building official shall issue a certificate of occupancy containing the following:
  1. The building permit number.
  2. The address of the structure.
  3. The name and address of the owner or the owner's authorized agent.
  4. A description of that portion of the structure for which the certificate is issued.
  5. A statement that the described portion of the structure has been inspected for compliance with the requirements of this code.
  6. The name of the building official.
  7. The edition of the code under which the permit was issued.
  8. If an automatic sprinkler system is provided and whether the sprinkler system is required.
  9. Any special stipulations and conditions of the building permit.

R110.4 Temporary Occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official is authorized to may issue a temporary certificate of occupancy before the completion of the entire work covered by the permit, provided that such portion or portions shall be occupied safely. prior to full completion of the building or structure without endangering life or public welfare. Any occupancy permitted to continue during completion of the work shall be discontinued within 30 days after completion of the work unless the building official shall set a time period during which the temporary issues a certificate of occupancy is valid.
The building official shall, in writing, suspend or revoke a certificate of occupancy issued under the provisions of this code wherever the certificate is issued in error, or on the basis of incorrect information supplied, or where it is determined that the building or structure or portion thereof is in violation of any ordinance or regulation or any of the provisions of this code.

R110.6 Partial occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official may issue a partial certificate of occupancy for a portion of the building or structure when, in the building official’s opinion, the portion of the building to be occupied is in substantial compliance with the requirements of this code and no unsafe conditions exist in portions of the building not covered by the partial certificate of occupancy that are accessible from the occupied portion.

R110.7 Prefabricated assemblies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
A certificate of approval by an approved agency shall be furnished with every prefabricated assembly, including modular housing, except where all elements of the assembly are readily accessible for inspection at the site. The building official shall inspect placement of prefabricated assemblies and the connections to public utilities and private water and septic systems at the building site, as well as any site-built or installed components or equipment to determine compliance with this code. A final inspection shall be provided in accordance with Section R109.1.6.

R110.8 Manufactured housing used as dwellings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Provisions for foundation systems and building service equipment connections necessary to provide for the installation of new manufactured homes and for existing manufactured homes to which additions, alterations or repairs are made are contained in Appendix E.

R110.9 Certificate of approval

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official shall issue a certificate of approval indicating substantial compliance with the requirements of this code for all completed work that requires a building permit but does not require a certificate of occupancy. Such work shall include, but not be limited to: fences greater than 7 feet in height; retaining walls greater than 3 feet in height; decks; garages; swimming pools; basements and attics converted to habitable space; electrical, plumbing, and mechanical repairs or alterations. No certificate of approval shall be issued for work subject to the zoning regulations of a municipality without certification in writing by the official charged with the enforcement of such regulations that the work is in conformity with such regulations or is a valid nonconforming use under such regulations.
A person shall not make connections from a utility, source of energy, fuel or power to any building or system that is regulated by this code for which a permit is required, until approved by the building official.
The building official shall have the authority to authorize the temporary connection of the building or system to the utility, source of energy, fuel or power.
The building official shall have the authority to authorize disconnection of utility service to the building, structure or system regulated by this code and the referenced codes and standards set forth in Section R102.4 in case of emergency where necessary to eliminate an immediate hazard to life or property or where such utility connection has been made without the approval required by Section R111.1 or R111.2. The building official shall notify the serving utility and where possible the owner or the owner's authorized agent and occupant of the building, structure or service system of the decision to disconnect prior to taking such action. If not notified prior to disconnection, the owner, the owner's authorized agent or occupant of the building, structure or service system shall be notified in writing as soon as practical thereafter.

Section R112 Board of Appeals

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

R112.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In order to hear and decide appeals of orders, decisions or determinations made by the building official relative to the application and interpretation of this code, there shall be and is hereby created a board of appeals. The building official shall be an ex officio member of said board but shall not have a vote on any matter before the board. The board of appeals shall be appointed by the governing body and shall hold office at its pleasure. The board shall adopt rules of procedure for conducting its business, and shall render decisions and findings in writing to the appellant with a duplicate copy to the building official.

R112.2 Limitations on Authority

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
An application for appeal shall be based on a claim that the true intent of this code or the rules legally adopted thereunder have been incorrectly interpreted, the provisions of this code do not fully apply or an equally good or better form of construction is proposed. The board shall not have authority to waive requirements of this code.

R112.3 Qualifications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The board of appeals shall consist of members who are qualified by experience and training to pass judgement on matters pertaining to building construction and are not employees of the jurisdiction.

R112.4 Administration

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official shall take immediate action in accordance with the decision of the board.

Section R112 MEANS OF APPEAL

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

R112.1 Appeal from decision of building official

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to subsection (b) of section 29-266 of the Connecticut General Statutes, when a building official rejects or refuses to approve the mode or manner of construction proposed to be followed or the materials to be used in the erection or alteration of a building or structure, or when it is claimed that the provisions of the code do not apply or that an equally good or more desirable form of construction can be employed in a specific case, or when it is claimed that the true intent and meaning of the code has been misconstrued or wrongly interpreted or when the building official issues a written order under subsection (c) of section 29-261 of the Connecticut General Statutes, the owner of such building or structure, whether already erected or to be erected, or his authorized agent may appeal in writing from the decision of the building official to the municipal board of appeals. A person, other than such owner, who claims to be aggrieved by any decision of the building official may, by himself or his authorized agent, appeal in writing from the decision of the building official to the municipal board of appeals as provided by subsection (b) of section 29-266 of the Connecticut General Statutes.

R112.1.1 Absence of municipal board of appeals

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In the absence of a municipal board of appeals, the provisions of subsection (c) of section 29-266 of the Connecticut General Statutes shall be followed.

R112.1.2 State Building Inspector review

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to subsection (d) of section 29-252 of the Connecticut General Statutes, the State Building Inspector or his designee shall review a decision by a local building official or municipal board of appeals when he has reason to believe that such official or board has misconstrued or misinterpreted any provision of the Connecticut State Building Code.

R112.2 Appointment of municipal board of appeals

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to subsection (a) of section 29-266 of the Connecticut General Statutes, a municipal board of appeals consisting of five members shall be appointed.

R112.2.1 Qualifications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
One member of the municipal board of appeals shall be appointed from the general public. The other four members shall have at least five years of experience each in building design, building construction or supervision of building construction.

R112.2.2 Chair

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The board shall annually select one of its members to serve as chair.

R112.3 Notice of meeting

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Each appeal shall be heard in the municipality for which the building official serves within five days, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays, after the date of receipt of the appeal.

R112.4 Determination of aggrievement

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Upon receipt of an appeal from a person other than the owner or his agent, the board of appeals shall first determine whether such person has a right to appeal.

R112.5 Appointment of a panel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Upon receipt of an appeal from an owner or his agent, or approval of an appeal by a person other than the owner or his agent, the chairman of the municipal board of appeals shall appoint a panel of not less than three members of such board to hear such appeal.

R112.6 Rendering of decisions

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The panel shall, upon majority vote of its members, affirm, modify or reverse the decision of the building official in a written decision upon the appeal and file such decision with the building official from whom such appeal has been taken not later than five days, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays, following the day of the hearing thereon. A copy of the decision shall be mailed, prior to such filing, to the party taking the appeal.

R112.7 Appeal to the Codes and Standards Committee

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Any person aggrieved by the decision of a municipal board of appeals may appeal to the Codes and Standards Committee within 14 days after the filing of the decision with the building official in accordance with the provisions of subsection (c) of section 29-266 of the Connecticut General Statutes.

R112.8 Court review

AMENDMENT
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Any person aggrieved by any ruling of the Codes and Standards Committee may appeal to the Superior Court for the judicial district where such building or structure has been or is being erected in accordance with the provisions of subsection (d) of section 29-266 of the Connecticut General Statutes.
It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to erect, construct, alter, extend, repair, move, remove, demolish or occupy any building, structure or equipment regulated by this code, or cause same to be done, in conflict with or in violation of any of the provisions of this code.
The building official is authorized to serve a notice of violation or order on the person responsible for the erection, construction, alteration, extension, repair, moving, removal, demolition or occupancy of a building or structure in violation of the provisions of this code, or in violation of a detail statement or a plan approved thereunder, or in violation of a permit or certificate issued under the provisions of this code. Such order shall direct the discontinuance of the illegal action or condition and the abatement of the violation.

R113.2.1 Written notice

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The building official or his duly authorized representative shall provide any notice of violation in writing to the owner of the property involved or to the owner’s agent or to the person doing the work.
If the notice of violation is not complied with in the time prescribed by such notice, the building official is authorized to request the legal counsel of the jurisdiction to institute the appropriate proceeding at law or in equity to restrain, correct or abate such violation, or to require the removal or termination of the unlawful occupancy of the building or structure in violation of the provisions of this code or of the order or direction made pursuant thereto.

R113.4 Violation Penalties

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Any person who violates a provision of this code or fails to comply with any of the requirements thereof or who erects, constructs, alters or repairs a building or structure in violation of the approved construction documents or directive of the building official, or of a permit or certificate issued under the provisions of this code, shall be subject to penalties as prescribed by law.
Pursuant to section 29-254a of the Connecticut General Statutes, any person who violates any provision of this code shall be fined not less than two hundred nor more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than six months, or both.
Upon notice from the building official that work on any building or structure is being executed contrary to the provisions of this code or in an unsafe and dangerous manner, such work shall be immediately stopped. The stop work order shall be in writing and shall be given to the owner of the property involved, or to the owner's authorized agent or to the person performing the work and shall state the conditions under which work will be permitted to resume.

R114.2 Unlawful Continuance

AMENDMENT
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Any person who shall continues any work in or about the structure after having been served with a stop work order, except such work as that person is directed to perform to remove a violation or unsafe conditions, shall be subject to liable for penalties as prescribed by law in accordance with Section R113.4.

Section R115 UNSAFE STRUCTURES AND EQUIPMENT

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R115.1 General

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The procedures to be followed regarding unsafe structures and equipment shall be as set forth in Section 116 of the 2015 International Building Code portion of the 2018 Connecticut State Building Code.

Section R116 EMERGENCY MEASURES

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R116.1 General

AMENDMENT
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The procedures to be followed regarding emergency measures shall be as set forth in Section 117 of the 2015 International Building Code portion of the 2018 Connecticut State Building Code.

Section R117 VACANT BUILDINGS

AMENDMENT
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R117.1 General

AMENDMENT
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Temporarily unoccupied buildings, structures, premises or portions thereof, including tenant spaces, shall be safeguarded and maintained in accordance with Section 118 of the 2015 International Building Code portion of the 2018 Connecticut State Building Code.
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