CODES

ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Building Code 2012 (IBC 2012)

Chapter 1 Scope and Administration

Part 1 — Scope and Application
Part 2 — Administration and Enforcement

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 Use and Occupancy Classification

Chapter 4 Special Detailed Requirements Based on Use and Occupancy

Chapter 5 General Building Heights and Areas

Chapter 6 Types of Construction

Chapter 7 Fire and Smoke Protection Features

Chapter 8 Interior Finishes

Chapter 9 Fire Protection Systems

Chapter 10 Means of Egress

Chapter 11 Accessibility

Chapter 12 Interior Environment

Chapter 13 Energy Efficiency

Chapter 14 Exterior Walls

Chapter 15 Roof Assemblies and Rooftop Structures

Chapter 16 Structural Design

Chapter 17 Special Inspections and Tests

Chapter 18 Soils and Foundations

Chapter 19 Concrete

Chapter 20 Aluminum

Chapter 21 Masonry

Chapter 22 Steel

Chapter 23 Wood

Chapter 24 Glass and Glazing

Chapter 25 Gypsum Board and Plaster

Chapter 26 Plastic

Chapter 27 Electrical

Chapter 28 Mechanical Systems

Chapter 29 Plumbing Systems

Chapter 30 Elevators and Conveying Systems

Chapter 31 Special Construction

Chapter 32 Encroachments Into the Public Right-Of-Way

Chapter 33 Safeguards During Construction

Chapter 34 Existing Buildings and Structures

Chapter 35 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Employee Qualifications

Appendix B Board of Appeals

Appendix C GROUP U—AGRICULTURAL BUILDINGS

Appendix D Fire Districts

Appendix E Supplementary Accessibility Requirements

Appendix F Rodentproofing

Appendix G Flood-Resistant Construction

Appendix H Signs

Appendix I Patio Covers

Appendix J Grading

Appendix K Administrative Provisions

Appendix L Earthquake Recording Instrumentation

Appendix M Tsunami-Generated Flood Hazard

Appendix N MUNICIPALITY – SPECIFIC STRUCTURAL DESIGN PARAMETERS

Part 1 — Scope and Application

101.1 Title

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
These regulations shall be known as the Building Code of [NAME OF JURISDICTION], hereinafter referred to as “this code.”The 2012 International Building Code as amended in this section shall be known as the 2012 International Building Code portion of the 2016 Connecticut State Building Code.

101.1.1 Statutes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In accordance with the provisions of sections 29-252a and 29-253 of the Connecticut General Statutes, respectively, this code shall be the building code for all towns, cities and boroughs and all state agencies.

101.2 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The provisions of this code shall apply to the construction, alteration, relocationmovement, enlargement, replacement, repair, equipment, use and occupancy, location, maintenance, removal and demolition of every building or structure or any appurtenances connected or attached to such buildings or structures.

Exceptions:
  1. Detached one- and two-family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) not more than three stories above grade plane in height with a separate means of egress and their accessory structures shall comply with the International Residential Code portion of the 2016 Connecticut State Building Code.
  2. Existing buildings undergoing repair, movement, alterations or additions and change of occupancy may comply with the International Existing Building Code portion of the 2016 Connecticut State Building Code. The choice to comply with this code or the International Existing Building Code portion of the 2016 Connecticut State Building Code shall be made by the permit applicant at the time of application for the building permit and shall be indicated on the construction documents in writing.

101.2.1 Appendices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Provisions in the appendices shall not apply unless specifically adopted.The provisions of Appendices C, H, I and N shall be incorporated into the requirements of this code.
The purpose of this code is to establish the minimum requirements to safeguard the public health, safety and general welfare through structural strength, means of egress facilities, stability, sanitation, adequate light and ventilation, energy conservation, and safety to life and property from fire and other hazards attributed to the built environment and to provide safety to fire fighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.
The other codes listed in Sections 101.4.1 through 101.4.6 and referenced elsewhere in this code shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference.

101.4.1 Gas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The provisions of the International Fuel Gas Code shall apply to the installation of gas piping from the point of delivery, gas appliances and related accessories as covered in this code. The International Fuel Gas Code is not adopted by the State of Connecticut. Any references to the International Fuel Gas Code within the body of this code shall be considered references to requirements of NFPA 2, Hydrogen Technologies Code, NFPA 54, National Fuel Gas Code and NFPA 58, Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code, as incorporated in the Connecticut State Fire Safety and the Connecticut Fire Prevention Codes. These requirements apply to liquid petroleum storage systems, gas piping systems extending from the point of delivery to the inlet connections of appliances, and the installation and operation of residential and commercial gas appliances and related accessories as covered by this code.
The provisions of the International Mechanical Code shall apply to the installation, alterations, repairs and replacement of mechanical systems, including equipment, appliances, fixtures, fittings and/or appurtenances, including ventilating, heating, cooling, air-conditioning and refrigeration systems, incinerators and other energy-related systems.

101.4.3 Plumbing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The provisions of the International Plumbing Code shall apply to the installation, alterations, repairs and replacement of plumbing systems, (including equipment, appliances, fixtures, fittings and appurtenances, and ) where such systems are connected to a water or sewage system and to all aspects of a medical gas system. The provisions of the International Private Sewage Disposal Code shall apply to private sewage disposal systems.The International Private Sewage Disposal Code is not adopted by the State of Connecticut. Private sewage disposal systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with the Public Health Code adopted under authority of section 19a-36 of the Connecticut General Statutes. References to the International Private Sewage Disposal Code within the body of the model document shall be considered to be references to the Public Health Code.

101.4.4 Property Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The provisions of the International Property Maintenance Code shall apply to existing structures and premises; equipment and facilities; light, ventilation, space heating, sanitation, life and fire safety hazards; responsibilities of owners, operators and occupants; and occupancy of existing premises and structures.The International Property Maintenance Code is not adopted by the State of Connecticut. Property maintenance shall be in accordance with the requirements of this code and the applicable provisions of the Connecticut State Fire Safety and State Fire Prevention Codes. All references to the International Property Maintenance Code found within the body of the model document shall be considered null and void.
The provisions of the International Fire Code shall apply to matters affecting or relating to structures, processes and premises from the hazard of fire and explosion arising from the storage, handling or use of structures, materials or devices; from conditions hazardous to life, property or public welfare in the occupancy of structures or premises; and from the construction, extension, repair, alteration or removal of fire suppression, automatic sprinkler systems and alarm systems or fire hazards in the structure or on the premises from occupancy or operation.

101.4.5.1 Connecticut State Fire Safety Code

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
References to the International Fire Code within the body of the model document shall be considered to be references to the Connecticut State Fire Safety Code.
The provisions of the International Energy Conservation Code shall apply to all matters governing the design and construction of buildings for energy efficiency.

101.4.7 Electrical

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The provisions of NFPA 70, National Electrical Code, shall apply to the installation of electrical systems, including alterations, repairs, replacement, equipment, appliances, fixtures, fittings and appurtenances thereto.

101.4.8 Oil-burning equipment, piping and storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In addition to the requirements of this code, the installation of oil burners, equipment, and appliances used in conjunction therewith, including tanks, piping, pumps, control devices and accessories shall comply with NFPA 31 as incorporated in the Connecticut Fire Safety and Fire Prevention Codes.
Where there is a conflict between a general requirement and a specific requirement, the specific requirement shall be applicable. Where, in any specific case, different sections of this code specify different materials, methods of construction or other requirements, the most restrictive shall govern.
The provisions of this code shall not be deemed to nullify any provisions of local, state or federal law.
References to chapter or section numbers, or to provisions not specifically identified by number, shall be construed to refer to such chapter, section or provision of this code.
The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference and as further regulated in Sections 102.4.1 and 102.4.2.
Where conflicts occur between provisions of this code and referenced codes and standards, the provisions of this code shall apply.
Where the extent of the reference to a referenced code or standard includes subject matter that is within the scope of this code or the International Codes listed in Section 101.4, the provisions of this code or the International Codes listed in Section 101.4, as applicable, shall take precedence over the provisions in the referenced code or standard.
In the event that any part or provision of this code is held to be illegal or void, this shall not have the effect of making void or illegal any of the other parts or provisions.

102.6 Existing Structures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The legal use and occupancy of any building or structure existing on the date of adoption of this code shall be permitted to continue without change, except as is specifically covered in this code or the Connecticut State Fire Safety Code, the International Property Maintenance Code or the International Fire Code, or as is deemed necessary by the building official for the general safety and welfare of the occupants and the public.

Part 2 — Administration and Enforcement

Section 103 Department of Building Safety

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

Section 103 ENFORCEMENT AGENCY

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

103.1 Creation of Enforcement Agency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The Department of Building Safety is hereby created and the official in charge thereof shall be known as the building official.

103.1 Creation of enforcement agency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Each town, city and borough shall create an agency whose function is to enforce the provisions of this code. The official in charge thereof shall be known as the building official.

103.2 Appointment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official shall be appointed by the chief appointing authority of the jurisdiction.

103.2 Appointment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The chief executive officer of any town, city or borough shall appoint an officer to administer this code, and this officer shall be known as the building official in accordance with section 29-260 of the Connecticut General Statutes and referred to herein as the building official, local building official or code official.

103.3 Deputies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In accordance with the prescribed procedures of this jurisdiction and with the concurrence of the appointing authority, the building official shall have the authority to appoint a deputy building official, the related technical officers, inspectors, plan examiners and other employees. Such employees shall have powers as delegated by the building official. For the maintenance of existing properties, see the International Property Maintenance Code.

103.4 Restriction of employees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
An official or employee connected with the agency created to enforce the provisions of this code pursuant to Section 103.1, except one whose only connection with it is that of a member of the board of appeals established under the provisions of Section 113, shall not be engaged in or directly or indirectly connected with the furnishing of labor, materials or appliances for the construction, addition, alteration, repair or maintenance of a building located in the town, city or borough in which such official or employee is employed, or the preparation of construction documents therefore, unless that person is the owner of the building. Such officer or employee shall not engage in any work that conflicts with official duties or with the interests of the agency.

103.3 Employees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In accordance with the prescribed procedures and regulations of the town, city or borough, and with the concurrence of the appointing authority, the building official shall have the authority to appoint an assistant building official, related technical officers, inspectors, plan examiners and other employees. Such employees shall have the powers as regulated by the town, city or borough, and by the State of Connecticut.

104.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official is hereby authorized and directed to enforce the provisions of this code. The building official shall have the authority to render interpretations of this code and to adopt policies and procedures in order to clarify the application of its provisions. Such interpretations, policies and procedures shall be in compliancecomply with the intent and purpose of this code. Such policies and procedures shall not have the effect of waiving requirements specifically provided for in this code, nor shall they have the effect of establishing requirements in excess of those set forth in this code.

104.1.1 Rule making authority

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to the provisions of subsection (a) of section 29- 252 of the Connecticut General Statutes, the State Building Inspector and the Codes and Standards Committee shall, jointly, with the approval of the Commissioner of Administrative Services, adopt and administer a State Building Code for the purpose of regulating the design, construction and use of buildings or structures to be erected and the alteration of buildings or structures already erected and make such amendments thereto as they, from time to time, deem necessary or desirable.
The building official shall receive applications, review construction documents and issue permits for the erection, and alteration, demolition and moving of buildings and structures, inspect the premises for which such permits have been issued and enforce compliance with the provisions of this code.
The building official shall issue all necessary notices or orders to ensure compliance with this code.
The building official shall make all of the required inspections, or the building official shall have the authority to accept reports of inspection by approved agencies or individuals. Reports of such inspections shall be in writing and be certified by a responsible officer of such approved agency or by the responsible individual. The building official is authorized to engage such expert opinion as deemed necessary to report upon unusual technical issues that arise, subject to the approval of the appointing authority.
The building official shall carry proper identification when inspecting structures or premises in the performance of duties under this code.

104.6 Right of Entry

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Where it is necessary to make an inspection to enforce the provisions of this code, or where the building official has reasonable cause to believe that there exists in a structure or upon a premises a condition which is contrary to or in violation of this code which makes the structure or premises unsafe, dangerous or hazardous, the building official is authorized to enter the structure or premises at reasonable times to inspect or to perform the duties imposed by this code, provided that if such structure or premises be occupied that credentials be presented to the occupant and entry requested. If such structure or premises is unoccupied, the building official shall first make a reasonable effort to locate the owner or other person having charge or control of the structure or premises and request entry. If entry is refused, the building official shall have recourse to the remedies provided by law to secure entry.In accordance with the provisions of subsection (d) of section 29- 261 of the Connecticut General Statutes, the building official or his assistant shall have the right of entry to such buildings or structures, except single-family residences, for the proper performance of his duties between the hours of nine a.m. and five p.m., except that in the case of an emergency, he shall have the right of entry at any time, if such entry is necessary in the interest of public safety. On receipt of information from the local fire marshal or from any other authentic source that any building in his jurisdiction, due to lack of exit facilities, fire, deterioration, catastrophe or other cause, is in such condition as to be a hazard to any person or persons, the building official or his assistant shall immediately make inspection in accordance with the provisions of section 29-393 of the Connecticut General Statutes.
The building official shall keep official records of applications received, permits and certificates issued, fees collected, reports of inspections, and notices and orders issued. Such records shall be retained in the official records for the period required for retention of public records.
The building official, member of the board of appeals or employee charged with the enforcement of this code, while acting for the jurisdiction in good faith and without malice in the discharge of the duties required by this code or other pertinent law or ordinance, shall not thereby be rendered liable personally and is hereby relieved from personal liability for any damage accruing to persons or property as a result of any act or by reason of an act or omission in the discharge of official duties. Any suit instituted against an officer or employee because of an act performed by that officer or employee in the lawful discharge of duties and under the provisions of this code shall be defended by legal representative of the jurisdiction until the final termination of the proceedings. The building official or any subordinate shall not be liable for cost in any action, suit or proceeding that is instituted in pursuance of the provisions of this code.
Materials, equipment and devices approved by the building official shall be constructed and installed in accordance with such approval.
The use of used materials which meet the requirements of this code for new materials is permitted. Used equipment and devices shall not be reused unless approved by the building official.

104.10 Modifications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Wherever there are practical difficulties involved in carrying out the provisions of this code, the building official shall have the authority to grant modifications for individual cases, upon application of the owner or owner’s representative, provided the building official shall first find that special individual reason makes the strict letter of this code impractical and the modification is in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code and that such modification does not lessen health, accessibility, life and fire safety, or structural requirements. The details of action granting modifications shall be recorded and entered in the files of the department of building safety.

104.10 Modifications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Modifications, variations, or exemptions from and approval of equivalent or alternative compliance with the requirements of this code shall be in accordance with the provisions of Sections 104.10.1 to 104.10.6, inclusive.

104.10.1 Flood Hazard Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official shall not grant modifications to any provision required in flood hazard areas as established by Section 1612.3 unless a determination has been made that:
1. A showing of good and sufficient cause that the unique characteristics of the size, configuration or topography of the site render the elevation standards of Section 1612 inappropriate.
2. A determination that failure to grant the variance would result in exceptional hardship by rendering the lot undevelopable.
3. A determination that the granting of a variance will not result in increased flood heights, additional threats to public safety, extraordinary public expense, cause fraud on or victimization of the public, or conflict with existing laws or ordinances.
4. A determination that the variance is the minimum necessary to afford relief, considering the flood hazard.
5. Submission to the applicant of written notice specifying the difference between the design flood elevation and the elevation to which the building is to be built, stating that the cost of flood insurance will be commensurate with the increased risk resulting from the reduced floor elevation, and stating that construction below the design flood elevation increases risks to life and property.

104.10.1.1 Action on application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The application for modification, variation, exemption from or approval of equivalent or alternative compliance with the requirements of the State Building Code shall be made on a form supplied by the State Building Inspector available from the local building official or the Office of the State Building Inspector, which shall be forwarded by the applicant to the local building official. Any such application received by a local building official shall be forwarded to the State Building Inspector within 15 business days of receipt by such local building official. The application shall include the local building official’s comments on the merits of the application, and shall be signed by the local building official, acting building official or provisional building official.

104.10.1.2 Records

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The application for modification, variation, exemption or approval of equivalent or alternative compliance and the decision of the State Building Inspector shall be in writing and shall be officially recorded with the application for a building permit in the permanent records of the building department.

104.10.2 Accessibility exemption

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Any variation of or exemption from any provisions relating to accessibility to, use of and egress from, buildings and structures as required herein shall be permitted only when approved by the State Building Inspector and the Executive Director of the Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities, acting jointly, pursuant to subsection (b) of section 29-269 of the Connecticut General Statutes. Any person aggrieved by the joint decision of the State Building Inspector and the Executive Director of the Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities may appeal to the Codes and Standards Committee within 30 days after such decision has been rendered in accordance with subsection (b) of section 29-269 of the Connecticut General Statutes.

104.10.3 Historic structures exemption

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In accordance with section 29-259 of the Connecticut General Statutes, exemptions may be granted to the provisions of this code for historic structures as defined by section 10-410 of the Connecticut General Statutes, which have been classified as such in the State Register of Historic Places as long as the provisions of subsection (b) of section 29-259 of the Connecticut General Statutes are adhered to and provided that such exemptions shall not affect the safe design, use or construction of such property.

104.10.4 Urban homesteading property exemption

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In accordance with section 29-259 of the Connecticut General Statutes, exemptions may be granted to the provisions of this code for property acquired by an urban homesteading agency, pursuant to section 8-169r of the Connecticut General Statutes, and transferred to a qualified applicant pursuant to section 8-169s of the Connecticut General Statutes; provided such exemptions shall not affect the safe design, use or construction of such property. Exemptions shall be granted in accordance with Section 104.10.1 of this code.

104.10.5 Elevators and escalators

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In accordance with section 29-192 of the Connecticut General Statutes, the State Building Inspector may approve variations, exemptions or equivalent or alternate compliance with regulations governing elevators and escalators where strict compliance with such provisions would cause practical difficulty or unnecessary hardship. Any person aggrieved by the decision of the State Building Inspector may appeal to the Commissioner of Administrative Services or such commissioner’s designee not later than 30 days after notice of such decision has been rendered.

104.10.6 Lift and limited use/limited application elevator approval

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Lifts and limited use, limited access elevators shall not be part of a required accessible path unless approved in accordance with the provisions of Section 1109.8 of this code.

104.10.1 State Building Code

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The State Building Inspector may grant modifications, variations or exemptions from, or approve equivalent or alternative compliance with, the State Building Code where strict compliance with the State Building Code would entail practical difficulty or unnecessary hardship, or is otherwise adjudged unwarranted, provided the intent of the law shall be observed and public welfare and safety be assured. Any person aggrieved by any decision of the State Building Inspector may appeal to the Codes and Standards Committee within 30 days after mailing of the decision in accordance with subsection (b) of section 29-254 of the Connecticut General Statutes.
The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any material or to prohibit any design or method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code, provided that any such alternative has been approved. An alternative material, design or method of construction shall be approved where the building official finds that the proposed design is satisfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this code, and that the material, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended, at least the equivalent of that prescribed in this code in quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety.
Supporting data, where necessary to assist in the approval of materials or assemblies not specifically provided for in this code, shall consist of valid research reports from approved sources.
Whenever there is insufficient evidence of compliance with the provisions of this code, or evidence that a material or method does not conform to the requirements of this code, or in order to substantiate claims for alternative materials or methods, the building official shall have the authority to require tests as evidence of compliance to be made at no expense to the jurisdiction. Test methods shall be as specified in this code or by other recognized test standards. In the absence of recognized and accepted test methods, the building official shall approve the testing procedures. Tests shall be performed by an approved agency. Reports of such tests shall be retained by the building official for the period required for retention of public records.

105.1 Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Any owner or authorized agent who intends to construct, enlarge, alter, repair, move, demolish, or change the occupancy of a building or structure, or to move a lot line that will affect any existing building or structure, or to erect, install, enlarge, alter, repair, remove, convert or replace any electrical, gas, mechanical or plumbing system, the installation of which is regulated by this code, or to cause any such work to be done, shall first make application to the building official and obtain the required permit.
In lieu of an individual permit for each alteration to an already approved electrical, gas, mechanical or plumbing installation, the building official is authorized to issue an annual permit upon application therefor to any person, firm or corporation regularly employing one or more qualified tradepersons in the building, structure or on the premises owned or operated by the applicant for the permit.
The person to whom an annual permit is issued shall keep a detailed record of alterations made under such annual permit. The building official shall have access to such records at all times or such records shall be filed with the building official as designated.

105.1.3 Connecticut State Fire Safety Code abatement

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Where conflicts exist between the requirements of this code and the requirements of Connecticut State Fire Safety Code abatement orders issued in writing by the local fire marshal with respect to existing buildings, the requirements of that portion of the Connecticut State Fire Safety Code that regulates existing buildings shall take precedence.

Exceptions:
  1. New fire protection systems shall meet the requirements of Chapter 9 of this code.
  2. Electrical work shall meet the requirements of the NFPA 70, National Electrical Code.
  3. Structural, plumbing and mechanical work shall conform to the requirements of this code.

105.2 Work Exempt From Permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Exemptions from the permit requirements of this code shall not be deemed to grant authorization for any work to be done in any manner in violation of the provisions of this code or any other laws, statutes, regulations or ordinances of thisthe jurisdiction. Permits shall not be required for the following work:

Building:
  1. One-story detached accessory structures used as tool and storage sheds, playhouses and similar uses, provided the floor area is not greater than 120200 square feet (1118.58 m2).
  2. Fences, other than swimming pool barriers, not overhigher than 7 feet (2134 mm) high.
  3. Oil derricks.
  4. Retaining walls that are not over 4higher than 3 feet (1219914 mm) in height measured from finished grade at the bottom of the footingwall to finished grade at the top of the wall, unless supporting a surcharge or impounding Class I, II or III-A liquids.
  5. Water tanks supported directly onupon grade if the capacity isdoes not greater thanexceed 5,000 gallons (18 925 L) and the ratio of height to diameter or width isdoes not greater thanexceed 2: to 1.
  6. Sidewalks, and driveways and on-grade concrete or masonry patios not more than 30 inches (762 mm) above adjacent grade, and not over any basement or story below and which are not part of an accessible route.
  7. Painting, papering, tiling, carpeting, cabinets, countertops and similar finish work not involving structural changes or alterations.
  8. Temporary motion picture, television and theater stage sets and scenery.
  9. Prefabricated swimming pools accessory to a Use Group R-3 occupancy, as applicable in Section 101.2, which that are equal to or less than 24 inches (610 mm) deep, are not greater thando not exceed 5,000 gallons (18925 L) capacity and are installed entirely above ground.
  10. Shade cloth structures constructed for nursery or agricultural purposes and, not including service systems.
  11. Swings and other playground equipment accessory to detached one- and two-family dwellings.
  12. Window awnings in Group R-3 and U occupancies, supported by an exterior wall that do not project more than 54 inches (1372 mm) from the exterior wall and do not require additional support.
  13. Nonfixed and Movable fixtures, cases, racks, counters and partitions not overhigher than 5 feet 9 inches (1753 mm) in heightand not containing any electrical, plumbing or mechanical equipment. 14. Portable grandstands or bleachers providing seating for fewer than 100 persons when located outside of a building.
Electrical:
  1. Repairs and maintenance: Minor repairs and maintenance work, including the replacement of lamps and fuses or the connection of approved portable electrical equipment to approved permanently installed receptacles.
  2. Radio and television transmitting stations: The provisions of this code shall not apply to Electrical equipment used solely for radio and television transmissions, but do applya permit is required for to equipment and wiring for a power supply and for the installations of towers and antennas.
  3. Temporary testing systems: A permit shall not be required for the installation of any Temporary testing systems required for the testing or servicing of electrical equipment or apparatus.
Gas:
  1. Portable heating or cooking appliances with a self-contained fuel supply.
  2. Replacement of any minor part that does not alter approval of equipment or make such equipment unsafe.
  3. Portable fuel cell appliances that are not connected to a fixed piping system and are not interconnected to a power grid.
Mechanical:
  1. Portable heating appliances with a self-contained fuel supply.
  2. Portable ventilation equipmentappliances.
  3. Portable cooling units.
  4. Steam, hot or chilled water piping within any heating or cooling equipment regulated by this code.
  5. Replacement of any minor part that does not alter its approval of equipment or make itsuch equipment unsafe.
  6. Portable evaporative coolers.
  7. Self-contained refrigeration systems containing 10 pounds (5 kg) or less of refrigerant andor that are actuated by motors of 1 horsepower (746 W) or less.
  8. Portable fuel cell appliances that are not connected to a fixed piping system and are not interconnected to a power grid.
Plumbing:
  1. The stopping of leaks in drains, water, soil, waste or vent pipe,; provided, however, that if any concealed trap, drainpipe, water, soil, waste or vent pipe becomes defective and it becomes necessary to remove and replace the same with new material, such work shall be considered as new work and a permit shall be obtained and inspection made as provided in this code.
  2. The clearing of stoppages or the repairing of leaks in pipes, valves or fixtures, and the removal and reinstallation of water closets, provided such repairs do not involve or require the replacement or rearrangement of valves, pipes or fixtures.
Where equipment replacements and repairs must be performed in an emergency situation, the permit application shall be submitted within the next working business day to the building official.
Application or notice to the building official is not required for ordinary repairs to structures, replacement of lamps or the connection of approved portable electrical equipment to approved permanently installed receptacles. Such repairs shall not include the cutting away of any wall, partition or portion thereof, the removal or cutting of any structural beam or load-bearing support, or the removal or change of any required means of egress, or rearrangement of parts of a structure affecting the egress requirements; nor shall ordinary repairs include addition to, alteration of, replacement or relocation of any standpipe, water supply, sewer, drainage, drain leader, gas, soil, waste, vent or similar piping, electric wiring or mechanical or other work affecting public health or general safety.
A permit shall not be required for the installation, alteration or repair of generation, transmission, distribution or metering or other related equipment that is under the ownership and control of public service agencies by established right.

105.2.4 State agency exemptions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
A state agency shall not be required to obtain a building permit from the local building official. A state agency shall obtain a building permit for construction or alteration of state buildings or structures from the State Building Inspector in accordance with the provisions of section 29-252a of the Connecticut General Statutes.

Exception: State agencies shall obtain demolition permits from the local building official in accordance with the provisions of sections 29-401 to 29-415, inclusive, of the Connecticut General Statutes.

105.2.5 Federal agency exemptions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
A federal agency performing construction on federally owned land or on leased land totally under the control of the federal government shall not be required to obtain a building permit or a demolition permit from the local building official.
To obtain a permit, the applicant shall first file an application therefor in writing on a form furnished by the department of building safety for that purpose. Such application shall:
1. Identify and describe the work to be covered by the permit for which application is made.
2. Describe the land on which the proposed work is to be done by legal description, street address or similar description that will readily identify and definitely locate the proposed building or work.
3. Indicate the use and occupancy for which the proposed work is intended.
4. Be accompanied by construction documents and other information as required in Section 107.
5. State the valuation of the proposed work.
6. Be signed by the applicant, or the applicant’s authorized agent.
7. Give such other data and information as required by the building official.

105.3.1 Action on Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official shall examine or cause to be examined applications for permits and amendments thereto within a reasonable time30 days after filing and either issue or deny a permit within such 30-day period. If the application or the construction documents do not conform to the requirements of this code and pertinent laws, the building official shall reject such application in writing, stating the reasons therefore. If the building official is satisfied that the proposed work conforms to the requirements of this code and laws and ordinances applicable theretolaws, statutes, regulations and ordinances, the building official shall issue a permit therefore as soon as practicable. In order to meet the 30-day requirement set forth herein, construction documents shall be submitted by the applicant to both the building official and the local fire marshal, concurrently.

105.3.1.1 Zoning approval

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to subsection (f) of section 8-3 of the Connecticut General Statutes, no building permit shall be issued, in whole or in part, for a building, use or structure subject to the zoning regulations of a municipality without certification in writing by the official charged with the enforcement of such regulations that such building, use or structure is in conformity with such regulations or is a valid nonconforming use under such regulations.

105.3.1.2 Fire marshal approval

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
No building permit for a building, structure or use subject to the requirements of the Connecticut State Fire Safety Code shall be issued in whole or in part without certification in writing from the local fire marshal that the construction documents for such building, structure or use are in substantial compliance with the requirements of the Connecticut State Fire Safety Code.

105.3.3 By whom application is made

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to section 29-263 of the Connecticut General Statutes, application for a permit shall be made by the owner in fee or by an authorized agent. If the authorized agent is a licensed contractor, the provisions of section 20-338b of the Connecticut General Statutes shall be followed. The full names and addresses of the owner, agent and the responsible officers, if the owner or agent is a corporate body, shall be stated in the application. No permit shall be issued to a contractor who is required to be registered pursuant to chapter 400 of the Connecticut General Statutes, for work to be performed by such contractor, unless the name, business address and Department of Consumer Protection registration number of such contractor is clearly marked on the application for permit, and the contractor has presented such contractor’s certificate of registration as a home improvement contractor.
An application for a permit for any proposed work shall be deemed to have been abandoned 180 days after the date of filing, unless such application has been pursued in good faith or a permit has been issued; except that the building official is authorized to grant one or more extensions of time for additional periods not exceeding 90 days each. The extension shall be requested in writing and justifiable cause demonstrated.
The issuance or granting of a permit shall not be construed to be a permit for, or an approval of, any violation of any of the provisions of this code or of any other ordinance of the jurisdiction. Permits presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. The issuance of a permit based on construction documents and other data shall not prevent the building official from requiring the correction of errors in the construction documents and other data. The building official is also authorized to prevent occupancy or use of a structure where in violation of this code or of any other ordinances of this jurisdiction.

105.5 Expiration of permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Every permit issued shall become invalid unless the work on the site authorized by such permit is commenced within 180 days after its issuance, or if the work authorized on the site by such permit is suspended or abandoned for a period of 180 days after the time the work is commenced. The building official is authorized to grant, in writing, one or more extensions of time, for periods of not more than 180 days each. The extensions shall be requested in writing and justifiable cause shall be demonstrated.

Exception: The building official may specify an expiration date of not less than 30 days, nor more than 180 days, for commencement of work under permits issued to abate unsafe conditions pursuant to Section 116 of this code. Work performed under such permits shall be completed as expeditiously as possible.
The building official is authorized to suspend or revoke a permit issued under the provisions of this code wherever the permit is issued in error or on the basis of incorrect, inaccurate or incomplete information, or in violation of any ordinance or regulation or any of the provisions of this code.
The building permit or copy shall be kept on the site of the work until the completion of the project.
Where the live loads for which each floor or portion thereof of a commercial or industrial building is or has been designed to exceed 50 psf (2.40 kN/m2), such design live loads shall be conspicuously posted by the owner in that part of each story in which they apply, using durable signs. It shall be unlawful to remove or deface such notices
A certificate of occupancy required by Section 111 shall not be issued until the floor load signs, required by Section 106.1, have been installed.
It shall be unlawful to place, or cause or permit to be placed, on any floor or roof of a building, structure or portion thereof, a load greater than is permitted by this code.
Submittal documents consisting of construction documents, statement of special inspections, geotechnical report and other data shall be submitted in two or more sets with each permit application. The construction documents shall be prepared by a registered design professional where required by the statutes of the jurisdiction in which the project is to be constructed. Where special conditions exist, the building official is authorized to require additional construction documents to be prepared by a registered design professional.
Exception: The building official is authorized to waive the submission of construction documents and other data not required to be prepared by a registered design professional if it is found that the nature of the work applied for is such that review of construction documents is not necessary to obtain compliance with this code.
Construction documents shall be in accordance with Sections 107.2.1 through 107.2.5.
Construction documents shall be dimensioned and drawn upon suitable material. Electronic media documents are permitted to be submitted when approved by the building official. Construction documents shall be of sufficient clarity to indicate the location, nature and extent of the work proposed and show in detail that it will conform to the provisions of this code and relevant laws, ordinances, rules and regulations, as determined by the building official.

107.2.2 Fire ProtectionSprinkler System Shop Drawings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Shop drawings for the fire protectionsprinkler system(s) shall be submitted to indicate conformance to this code and the construction documents and shall be approved prior to the start of system installation. Shop drawings shall contain all information as required by the referenced installation standards in Chapter 9. Such documents shall be accompanied by evidence of licensure by the state pursuant to section 29-263a of the Connecticut General Statutes.
The construction documents shall show in sufficient detail the location, construction, size and character of all portions of the means of egress including the path of the exit discharge to the public way in compliance with the provisions of this code. In other than occupancies in Groups R-2, R-3, and I-1, the construction documents shall designate the number of occupants to be accommodated on every floor, and in all rooms and spaces.
Construction documents for all buildings shall describe the exterior wall envelope in sufficient detail to determine compliance with this code. The construction documents shall provide details of the exterior wall envelope as required, including flashing, intersections with dissimilar materials, corners, end details, control joints, intersections at roof, eaves or parapets, means of drainage, water-resistive membrane and details around openings.
The construction documents shall include manufacturer’s installation instructions that provide supporting documentation that the proposed penetration and opening details described in the construction documents maintain the weather resistance of the exterior wall envelope. The supporting documentation shall fully describe the exterior wall system which was tested, where applicable, as well as the test procedure used.
The construction documents submitted with the application for permit shall be accompanied by a site plan showing to scale the size and location of new construction and existing structures on the site, distances from lot lines, the established street grades and the proposed finished grades and, as applicable, flood hazard areas, floodways, and design flood elevations; and it shall be drawn in accordance with an accurate boundary line survey. In the case of demolition, the site plan shall show construction to be demolished and the location and size of existing structures and construction that are to remain on the site or plot. The building official is authorized to waive or modify the requirement for a site plan when the application for permit is for alteration or repair or when otherwise warranted.
Where design flood elevations are not specified, they shall be established in accordance with Section 1612.3.1.

107.2.5.2 Private sewage disposal system

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The site plan shall indicate the location of a private sewage disposal system where a public sewer is not available. Private sewage disposal systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with the requirements of the Public Health Code adopted under authority of section 19a-36 of the Connecticut General Statutes. All technical and soil data required by the Public Health Code shall be submitted with the site plan. Approval of such systems shall be by the local authority having jurisdiction. When such approval is required by the local authority having jurisdiction, written proof of such approval shall be submitted to the building official prior to issuance of a building permit.
The building official shall examine or cause to be examined the accompanying submittal documents and shall ascertain by such examinations whether the construction indicated and described is in accordance with the requirements of this code and other pertinent laws or ordinances.
When the building official issues a permit, the construction documents shall be approved, in writing or by stamp, as “Reviewed for Code Compliance.” One set of construction documents so reviewed shall be retained by the building official. The other set shall be returned to the applicant, shall be kept at the site of work and shall be open to inspection by the building official or a duly authorized representative.
This code shall not require changes in the construction documents, construction or designated occupancy of a structure for which a lawful permit has been heretofore issued or otherwise lawfully authorized, and the construction of which has been pursued in good faith within 180 days after the effective date of this code and has not been abandoned.
The building official is authorized to issue a permit for the construction of foundations or any other part of a building or structure before the construction documents for the whole building or structure have been submitted, provided that adequate information and detailed statements have been filed complying with pertinent requirements of this code. The holder of such permit for the foundation or other parts of a building or structure shall proceed at the holder’s own risk with the building operation and without assurance that a permit for the entire structure will be granted.
When it is required that documents be prepared by a registered design professional, the building official shall be authorized to require the owner to engage and designate on the building permit application a registered design professional who shall act as the registered design professional in responsible charge. If the circumstances require, the owner shall designate a substitute registered design professional in responsible charge who shall perform the duties required of the original registered design professional in responsible charge. The building official shall be notified in writing by the owner if the registered design professional in responsible charge is changed or is unable to continue to perform the duties.
The registered design professional in responsible charge shall be responsible for reviewing and coordinating submittal documents prepared by others, including phased and deferred submittal items, for compatibility with the design of the building.

107.3.4.1 Deferred Submittals

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
For the purposes of this section, deferred submittals are defined as those portions of the design that are not submitted at the time of the application and that are to be submitted to the building official within a specified period.

Deferral of Any deferred submittal items shall have the prior approval of the building official. The registered design professional in responsible charge shall list the deferred submittals on the construction documents for review by the building official.

Documents for deferred submittal items shall be submitted to the registered design professional in responsible charge who shall review them and forward them to the building official with a notation indicating that the deferred submittal documents have been reviewed and found to be in general conformance to the design of the building. The deferred submittal items shall not be installed until the deferred submittal documents have been approved by the building official.

Documents for deferred submittals that relate to the primary structural support systems of buildings or structures that exceed the threshold limit set forth in section 107.7 of this code shall also be submitted to the independent structural engineering consultant by the registered design professional in responsible charge. Such deferred submittal items shall not be installed until the deferred submittal documents have been reviewed and found to be in general conformance to the design of the building by the independent structural engineering consultant and approved by the building official.
Work shall be installed in accordance with the approved construction documents, and any changes made during construction that are not in compliance with the approved construction documents shall be resubmitted for approval as an amended set of construction documents.

107.5 Retention of Construction Documents

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
One set of approved construction documents shall be retained by the building official for a period of not less than 180 days from date of completion of the permitted work, or as required by state or local laws.The building official shall retain one set of approved construction documents for a period as set forth in the records/disposition schedule adopted pursuant to chapter 188 of the Connecticut General Statutes.

Exception: In accordance with the provisions of subsection (e) of section 29-261 of the Connecticut General Statutes, upon receipt of a written request signed by the owner of plans and specifications on file for a single-family dwelling or out-building, the building official shall immediately return the original plans and specifications to the owner after a certificate of occupancy is issued with respect to the plans and specifications.

107.6 Additional requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to section 29-276c of the Connecticut General Statutes, the plans and specifications for any proposed structure or addition classified as (1) assembly, educational, institutional, high hazard, transient residential, which includes hotels, motels, rooming or boarding houses, dormitories or similar buildings, other than residential buildings designed to be occupied by one or more families, without limitation as to size or number of stories; (2) business, factory and industrial, mercantile, moderate and low hazard storage, having three stories or more or exceeding 30,000 square feet total gross area; and (3) nontransient residential dwellings having more than 16 units or 24,000 square feet total gross area per building, shall be sealed by a licensed architect or professional engineer as defined by the statutory requirements of the professional registration laws of the State of Connecticut, and acting within the scope of their practice. Such architect or engineer shall be responsible for the review of shop drawings and the observation of construction. In the event such architect or engineer is unable to fulfill their review responsibilities, an additional architect or engineer shall be retained and the local building official shall be informed, in writing, of such retainer. If fabricated structural load-bearing members or assemblies are used in such construction, the licensed professional engineer responsible for the design of such members or assemblies shall be responsible for the implementation of their design by reviewing the fabrication process to ensure conformance with their design specifications and parameters. The additional requirements set forth in this subsection shall not apply to alterations, repairs, relocation or change of occupancy to any existing building.

107.7 Threshold limits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
For the purposes of this section, the term “threshold limit” shall apply to any proposed structure or addition thereto: (1) having four stories; (2) 60 feet in height; (3) with a clear span of 150 feet in width; (4) containing 150,000 square feet of total gross floor area; or (5) with an occupancy of 1,000 persons.

The following use groups shall have the following additional threshold limits:

Use Group Threshold Limit
I Institutional 150 beds or persons
R-1 Residential - hotels or motels Single structure with 200 rooms
R-2 Residential - multi-family Single structure with 100 dwelling units
S Storage 250,000 square feet or parking structures with 1,000 cars

Threshold limits shall not apply to alterations, repairs or change of occupancy to any existing building.

107.7.1 Requirements for proposed structures or additions that exceed the threshold limits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to section 29-276b of the Connecticut General Statutes, if a proposed structure or addition to an existing structure will exceed the threshold limit set forth in Section 107.7 of this code, the building official of the municipality in which the structure or addition will be located shall require that an independent structural engineering consultant review the structural plans and design specifications of the structure or addition to be constructed to determine compliance with the requirements of this code to the extent necessary to assure the stability and integrity of the primary structural support systems of such structure or addition. Any modifications of approved structural plans or design specifications shall require shop drawings to the extent necessary to determine compliance with the requirements of this code and shall be reviewed by such consultant. Any fees relative to such review requirements shall be paid by the owner of the proposed building project.

If a structure or addition exceeds the threshold limit, the architect of record, professional engineer of record responsible for the design of the structure or addition and the general contractor shall sign a statement of professional opinion affirming that the completed construction is in substantial compliance with the approved plans and design specifications. If fabricated structural load-bearing members or assemblies are used in the construction, the professional engineer responsible for the design of such members or assemblies shall sign a statement of professional opinion affirming that the completed fabrication is in substantial compliance with the approved design specifications.

The building official of the municipality in which the structure or addition will be located shall satisfy himself that each architect, professional engineer, including each professional engineer responsible for the design of fabricated structural load-bearing members or assemblies, general contractor and major subcontractor involved in the project holds a license to engage in the work or occupation for which the appropriate building permit has been issued.

107.8 Lift slab construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to subsection (b) of section 29-276a of the Connecticut General Statutes, any building designed to be constructed utilizing the lift-slab method of construction shall be classified as exceeding the “threshold limit” and shall be subject to the provisions of Sections 107.7.1 and 107.8.1 of this code

107.8.1 Lift slab operations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
All buildings and structures utilizing the lift slab method of construction shall comply with the provisions of 29 CFR 1926 and section 31-372-107-1926 of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies.

108.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official may issue a permit for temporary structures and temporary uses. Such permits shall be limited as to time of service, but shall not be permitted for more than 180 days. The building official may grant a single 180-day extension for demonstrated cause.

Exception: Tents, canopies and other membrane structures erected for a period of fewer than 180 days shall comply with Section 3103 of this code.
The building official is authorized to issue a permit for temporary structures and temporary uses. Such permits shall be limited as to time of service, but shall not be permitted for more than 180 days. The building official is authorized to grant extensions for demonstrated cause.
Temporary structures and uses shall conform to the structural strength, fire safety, means of egress, accessibility, light, ventilation and sanitary requirements of this code as necessary to ensure public health, safety and general welfare.

108.3 Temporary Power

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official is authorized tomay give permission to temporarily supply and use power in part of an electricelectrical installation before such installation has been fully completed and the final certificate of completionapproval has been issued. The part covered by the temporary certificate shall comply with the requirements specified for temporary lighting, heat or power in this code and in NFPA 70, National Electrical Code.
The building official is authorized to terminate such permit for a temporary structure or use and to order the temporary structure or use to be discontinued.
A permit shall not be valid until the fees prescribed by law have been paid, nor shall an amendment to a permit be released until the additional fee, if any, has been paid.

109.2 Schedule of Permit Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
On buildings, structures, electrical, gas, mechanical, and plumbing systems or alterations requiring a permit, a fee for each permit shall be paid as required, in accordance with the schedule as established by the applicable governing authority.Each municipality shall establish a schedule of fees for each construction document review, building permit, certificate of approval and certificate of occupancy. A schedule of adopted fees shall be posted in the building department for public view
The applicant for a permit shall provide an estimated permit value at time of application. Permit valuations shall include total value of work, including materials and labor, for which the permit is being issued, such as electrical, gas, mechanical, plumbing equipment and permanent systems. If, in the opinion of the building official, the valuation is underestimated on the application, the permit shall be denied, unless the applicant can show detailed estimates to meet the approval of the building official. Final building permit valuation shall be set by the building official.

109.4 Work Commencing Before Permit Issuance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Any person who commences any work on a building, structure, electrical, gas, mechanical or plumbing system before obtaining the necessary permits shall be subject to a fee established by the building official that shall be in addition to the required permit fees.
The payment of the fee for the construction, alteration, removal or demolition for work done in connection to or concurrently with the work authorized by a building permit shall not relieve the applicant or holder of the permit from the payment of other fees that are prescribed by law.
The building official is authorized to establish a refund policy.
Construction or work for which a permit is required shall be subject to inspection by the building official and such construction or work shall remain accessible and exposed for inspection purposes until approved. Approval as a result of an inspection shall not be construed to be an approval of a violation of the provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction. Inspections presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. It shall be the duty of the permit applicant to cause the work to remain accessible and exposed for inspection purposes. Neither the building official nor the jurisdiction shall be liable for expense entailed in the removal or replacement of any material required to allow inspection.

110.1.1 Posting of required inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
A schedule of required inspections shall be compiled by the building official. The schedule shall be posted in the building department for public view.
Before issuing a permit, the building official is authorized to examine or cause to be examined buildings, structures and sites for which an application has been filed.
The building official, upon notification, shall make the inspections set forth in Sections 110.3.1 through 110.3.10.
Footing and foundation inspections shall be made after excavations for footings are complete and any required reinforcing steel is in place. For concrete foundations, any required forms shall be in place prior to inspection. Materials for the foundation shall be on the job, except where concrete is ready mixed in accordance with ASTM C 94, the concrete need not be on the job.
Concrete slab and under-floor inspections shall be made after in-slab or under-floor reinforcing steel and building service equipment, conduit, piping accessories and other ancillary equipment items are in place, but before any concrete is placed or floor sheathing installed, including the subfloor.
In flood hazard areas, upon placement of the lowest floor, including the basement, and prior to further vertical construction, the elevation certification required in Section 1612.5 shall be submitted to the building official.
Framing inspections shall be made after the roof deck or sheathing, all framing, fireblocking and bracing are in place and pipes, chimneys and vents to be concealed are complete and the rough electrical, plumbing, heating wires, pipes and ducts are approved.
Lath and gypsum board inspections shall be made after lathing and gypsum board, interior and exterior, is in place, but before any plastering is applied or gypsum board joints and fasteners are taped and finished.

Exception: Gypsum board that is not part of a fire-resistance-rated assembly or a shear assembly.

Protection of joints and penetrations in fire-resistance-rated assemblies, smoke barriers and smoke partitions shall not be concealed from view until inspected and approved.
Inspections shall be made to determine compliance with Chapter 13 and shall include, but not be limited to, inspections for: envelope insulation R- and U-values, fenestration U-value, duct system R-value, and HVAC and water-heating equipment efficiency.
In addition to the inspections specified in Sections 110.3.1 through 110.3.7, the building official is authorized to make or require other inspections of any construction work to ascertain compliance with the provisions of this code and other laws that are enforced by the department of building safety.

110.3.8.1 Electrical inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Required electrical inspections shall include installations of temporary services prior to activation; installation of underground piping and conductors after trenches are excavated and bedded and before backfill is put in place; rough inspections of installed wiring and components after the roof, framing, fireblocking and bracing are complete and prior to concealment; and final inspection after all work required by the permit is complete.
The final inspection shall be made after all work required by the building permit is completed.
If located in a flood hazard area, documentation of the elevation of the lowest floor as required in Section 1612.5 shall be submitted to the building official prior to the final inspection.
The building official is authorized to accept reports of approved inspection agencies, provided such agencies satisfy the requirements as to qualifications and reliability.
It shall be the duty of the holder of the building permit or their duly authorized agent to notify the building official when work is ready for inspection. It shall be the duty of the permit holder to provide access to and means for inspections of such work that are required by this code.
Work shall not be done beyond the point indicated in each successive inspection without first obtaining the approval of the building official. The building official, upon notification, shall make the requested inspections and shall either indicate the portion of the construction that is satisfactory as completed, or notify the permit holder or his or her agent wherein the same fails to comply with this code. Any portions that do not comply shall be corrected and such portion shall not be covered or concealed until authorized by the building official.

110.6.1 Notification of inspection results

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Notification as to passage or failure, in whole or in part, of any required inspection shall be made in writing by the building official or his duly authorized representative and shall be left at the job site or delivered to the permit holder. It shall be the duty of the permit holder to ascertain the results of required inspections.

111.1 Use and Occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
No building or structure shall be used or occupied, and no change in the existing occupancy classification of a building or structure or portion thereof shall be made, until the building official has issued a certificate of occupancy therefor as provided herein. Issuance of a certificate of occupancy shall not be construed as an approval of a violation of the provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction. Pursuant to subsection (a) of section 29-265 of the Connecticut General Statutes, no building or structure erected or altered in any municipality after October 1, 1970, shall be occupied or used, in whole or in part, until a certificate of occupancy has been issued by the building official, certifying that such building or structure or work performed pursuant to the building permit substantially complies with the provisions of the State Building Code. Nothing in the code shall require the removal, alteration or abandonment of, or prevent the continuance of the use and occupancy of, any single-family dwelling but within six years of the date of occupancy of such dwelling after substantial completion of construction of, alteration to or addition to such dwelling, or of a building lawfully existing on October 1, 1945, except as may be necessary for the safety of life or property. The use of a building or premises shall not be deemed to have changed because of a temporary vacancy or change of ownership or tenancy.

Exceptions:
  1. Work for which a certificate of approval is issued in accordance with Section 111.6.
  2. Certificates of occupancy are not required for work exempt from permits under Section 105.2.

111.1.1 State agency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
State agencies shall not be required to obtain certificates of occupancy from local building officials. State agencies shall obtain certificates of occupancy from the State Building Inspector in accordance with the provisions of section 29-252a of the Connecticut General Statutes

111.1.2 Zoning approval

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to subsection (f) of section 8-3 of the Connecticut General Statutes, no certificate of occupancy shall be issued for a building, use or structure subject to the zoning regulations of a municipality without certification in writing by the official charged with the enforcement of such regulations that such building, use or structure is in conformity with such regulations or is a valid nonconforming use under such regulations.

111.1.3 Fire marshal approval

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
No certificate of occupancy or certificate of approval for a building, structure or use subject to the requirements of the Connecticut State Fire Safety Code shall be issued without certification in writing from the local fire marshal that the building, structure or use is in substantial compliance with the requirements of the Connecticut State Fire Safety Code.

111.1.4 Statement of professional opinion

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to section 29-276c of the Connecticut General Statutes, no certificate of occupancy shall be issued for a proposed structure or addition to buildings classified as (1) assembly, educational, institutional, high hazard, transient residential, which includes hotels, motels, rooming or boarding houses, dormitories or similar buildings, other than residential buildings designed to be occupied by one or more families, without limitation as to size or number of stories; (2) business, factory and industrial, mercantile, moderate and low hazard storage, having three stories or more or exceeding 30,000 square feet total gross area; and (3) nontransient residential dwellings having more than 16 units or 24,000 square feet total gross area per building, until the building official has been provided with a statement signed by the architect or professional engineer and the general contractor stating that the completed structure or addition is in substantial compliance with the approved plans on file.
After the building official inspects the building or structure and finds no violations of the provisions of this code or other laws that are enforced by the department of building safety, the building official shall issue a certificate of occupancy that contains the following:
1. The building permit number.
2. The address of the structure.
3. The name and address of the owner.
4. A description of that portion of the structure for which the certificate is issued.
5. A statement that the described portion of the structure has been inspected for compliance with the requirements of this code for the occupancy and division of occupancy and the use for which the proposed occupancy is classified.
6. The name of the building official.
7. The edition of the code under which the permit was issued.
8. The use and occupancy, in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 3.
9. The type of construction as defined in Chapter 6.
10. The design occupant load.
11. If an automatic sprinkler system is provided, whether the sprinkler system is required.
12. Any special stipulations and conditions of the building permit.

111.3 Temporary Occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official is authorized tomay issue a temporary certificate of occupancy before the completion of the entire work covered by the permit, provided that such portion or portions shall be occupied safely prior to full completion of the building or structure without endangering life or public welfare. Any occupancy permitted to continue during completion of the work shall be discontinued within 30 days after completion of the work unless a certificate of occupancy is issued by the building official. The building official shall set a time period during which the temporary certificate of occupancy is valid.
The building official is authorized to, in writing, suspend or revoke a certificate of occupancy or completion issued under the provisions of this code wherever the certificate is issued in error, or on the basis of incorrect information supplied, or where it is determined that the building or structure or portion thereof is in violation of any ordinance or regulation or any of the provisions of this code.

111.5 Partial occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official may issue a partial certificate of occupancy for a portion of the building or structure when, in the building official’s opinion, the portion of the building to be occupied is in substantial compliance with the requirements of this code and no unsafe conditions exist in the portion of the building not covered by the partial certificate of occupancy.

111.6 Certificate of approval

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The building official shall issue a certificate of approval indicating substantial compliance with the requirements of this code for all completed work that requires a building permit but does not require a certificate of occupancy. Such work shall include, but not be limited to: fences greater than 7 feet in height; retaining walls greater than 3 feet in height; decks; garages; swimming pools; basements and attics converted to habitable space; electrical, plumbing, and mechanical repairs or alterations.

111.7 Prefabricated assemblies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
A certificate of approval by an approved agency shall be furnished with every prefabricated assembly, including modular housing, except where all elements of the assembly are readily accessible for inspection at the site. Placement of prefabricated assemblies and the connections to public utilities and private water and septic systems at the building site, as well as any site-built or installed components or equipment, shall be inspected by the building official to determine compliance with this code. A final inspection shall be provided in accordance with Section 110.3.10.
No person shall make connections from a utility, source of energy, fuel or power to any building or system that is regulated by this code for which a permit is required, until released by the building official.
The building official shall have the authority to authorize the temporary connection of the building or system to the utility source of energy, fuel or power.
The building official shall have the authority to authorize disconnection of utility service to the building, structure or system regulated by this code and the referenced codes and standards set forth in Section 101.4 in case of emergency where necessary to eliminate an immediate hazard to life or property or when such utility connection has been made without the approval required by Section 112.1 or 112.2. The building official shall notify the serving utility, and wherever possible the owner and occupant of the building, structure or service system of the decision to disconnect prior to taking such action. If not notified prior to disconnecting, the owner or occupant of the building, structure or service system shall be notified in writing, as soon as practical thereafter.

Section 113 Board of Appeals

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

Section 113 MEANS OF APPEAL

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

113.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In order to hear and decide appeals of orders, decisions or determinations made by the building official relative to the application and interpretation of this code, there shall be and is hereby created a board of appeals. The board of appeals shall be appointed by the applicable governing authority and shall hold office at its pleasure. The board shall adopt rules of procedure for conducting its business.

113.1.1 Absence of municipal board of appeals

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In the absence of a municipal board of appeals, the provisions of subsection (c) of section 29-266 of the Connecticut General Statutes shall be followed.

113.1.2 State Building Inspector review

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In accordance with the provisions of subsection (d) of section 29-252 of the Connecticut General Statutes, the State Building Inspector or such inspector’s designee shall review a decision by a local building official or municipal board of appeals appointed pursuant to section 29-266 of the Connecticut General Statutes, when he has reason to believe that such official or board has misconstrued or misinterpreted any provision of the State Building Code.

113.2 Appointment of municipal board of appeals

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
A municipal board of appeals consisting of five members shall be appointed in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of section 29-266 of the Connecticut General Statutes.

113.2.1 Qualifications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
One member of the municipal board of appeals shall be appointed from the general public. The other four members shall have at least five years of experience each in building design, building construction or supervision of building construction.

113.2.2 Chair

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The board shall annually select one of its members to serve as chair.

113.3 Notice of meeting

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Each appeal under this subsection shall be heard in the municipality for which the building official serves within five days, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays, after the date of receipt of the appeal.

113.4 Determination of aggrievement

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Upon receipt of an appeal from a person other than the owner or his agent, the board of appeals shall first determine whether such person has a right to appeal.

113.5 Appointment of a panel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Upon receipt of an appeal from an owner or his agent, or approval of an appeal by a person other than the owner or his agent, the chairman of the municipal board of appeals shall appoint a panel of not less than three members of such board to hear such appeal.

113.6 Rendering of decisions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The panel shall, upon majority vote of its members, affirm, modify or reverse the decision of the building official in a written decision upon the appeal and file such decision with the building official from whom such appeal has been taken not later than five days, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays, following the day of the hearing thereon. A copy of the decision shall be mailed, prior to such filing, to the party taking the appeal.

113.7 Appeal to the Codes and Standards Committee

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Any person aggrieved by the decision of a municipal board of appeals may appeal to the Codes and Standards Committee within 14 days after the filing of the decision with the building official in accordance with the provisions of section 29-266 of the Connecticut General Statutes.

113.8 Court review

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Any person aggrieved by any ruling of the Codes and Standards Committee may appeal to the Superior Court for the judicial district where such building or structure has been or is being erected.

113.1 Appeal from decision of building official

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to subsection (a) of section 29-266 of the Connecticut General Statutes, when the building official rejects or refuses to approve the mode or manner of construction proposed to be followed or the materials to be used in the erection or alteration of a building or structure, or when it is claimed that the provisions of the code do not apply or that an equally good or more desirable form of construction can be employed in a specific case, or when it is claimed that the true intent and meaning of the code has been misconstrued or wrongly interpreted or when the building official issues a written order under subsection (c) of section 29-261 of the Connecticut General Statutes, the owner of such building or structure, whether already erected or to be erected, or his authorized agent may appeal in writing from the decision of the building official to the municipal board of appeals. A person, other than such owner, who claims to be aggrieved by any decision of the building official may, by himself or his authorized agent, appeal in writing from the decision of the building official to the municipal board of appeals as provided by subsection (a) of section 29-266 of the Connecticut General Statutes.
An application for appeal shall be based on a claim that the true intent of this code or the rules legally adopted thereunder have been incorrectly interpreted, the provisions of this code do not fully apply or an equally good or better form of construction is proposed. The board shall have no authority to waive requirements of this code.
The board of appeals shall consist of members who are qualified by experience and training to pass on matters pertaining to building construction and are not employees of the jurisdiction.
It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to erect, construct, alter, extend, repair, move, remove, demolish or occupy any building, structure or equipment regulated by this code, or cause same to be done, in conflict with or in violation of any of the provisions of this code.
The building official is authorized to serve a notice of violation or order on the person responsible for the erection, construction, alteration, extension, repair, moving, removal, demolition or occupancy of a building or structure in violation of the provisions of this code, or in violation of a permit or certificate issued under the provisions of this code. Such order shall direct the discontinuance of the illegal action or condition and the abatement of the violation.

114.2.1 Written notice

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The notice of violation shall be in writing and shall be given to the owner of the property involved, or to the owner’s agent or to the person doing the work.

114.3 Prosecution of Violation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
If the notice of violation is not complied with promptly, the building official is authorized tomay request the legal counsel of the jurisdiction to institute the appropriate proceeding at law or, as well as the appropriate proceeding in equity to restrain, correct or abate such violation, or to require the removal or termination of the unlawful occupancy of the building or structure in violation of the provisions of this code or of the order or direction made pursuant thereto.

114.4 Violation Penalties

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Any person who violates any provision of this code or fails to comply with any of the requirements thereof or who erects, constructs, alters or repairs a building or structure in violation of the approved construction documents or directive of the building official, or of a permit or certificate issued under the provisions of this code, shall be subject to penalties as prescribed by lawshall be fined not less than two hundred nor more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than six months or both, pursuant to section 29-254a of the Connecticut General Statutes.
Whenever the building official finds any work regulated by this code being performed in a manner either contrary to the provisions of this code or dangerous or unsafe, the building official is authorized to issue a stop work order.
The stop work order shall be in writing and shall be given to the owner of the property involved, or to the owner's agent, or to the person doing the work. Upon issuance of a stop work order, the cited work shall immediately cease. The stop work order shall state the reason for the order, and the conditions under which the cited work will be permitted to resume.

115.3 Unlawful Continuance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Any person who shall continue any work in or about the structure after having been served with a stop work order, except such work as that person is directed to perform to remove a violation or unsafe conditions, shall be subject toliable for penalties as prescribed by lawin accordance with Section 114.4.
Structures or existing equipment that are or hereafter become unsafe, insanitary or deficient because of inadequate means of egress facilities, inadequate light and ventilation, or which constitute a fire hazard, or are otherwise dangerous to human life or the public welfare, or that involve illegal or improper occupancy or inadequate maintenance, shall be deemed an unsafe condition. Unsafe structures shall be taken down and removed or made safe, as the building official deems necessary and as provided for in this section. A vacant structure that is not secured against entry shall be deemed unsafe.
The building official shall cause a report to be filed on an unsafe condition. The report shall state the occupancy of the structure and the nature of the unsafe condition.
If an unsafe condition is found, the building official shall serve on the owner, agent or person in control of the structure, a written notice that describes the condition deemed unsafe and specifies the required repairs or improvements to be made to abate the unsafe condition, or that requires the unsafe structure to be demolished within a stipulated time. Such notice shall require the person thus notified to declare immediately to the building official acceptance or rejection of the terms of the order.
Such notice shall be deemed properly served if a copy thereof is (a) delivered to the owner personally; (b) sent by certified or registered mail addressed to the owner at the last known address with the return receipt requested; or (c) delivered in any other manner as prescribed by local law. If the certified or registered letter is returned showing that the letter was not delivered, a copy thereof shall be posted in a conspicuous place in or about the structure affected by such notice. Service of such notice in the foregoing manner upon the owner’s agent or upon the person responsible for the structure shall constitute service of notice upon the owner.
The structure or equipment determined to be unsafe by the building official is permitted to be restored to a safe condition. To the extent that repairs, alterations or additions are made or a change of occupancy occurs during the restoration of the structure, such repairs, alterations, additions or change of occupancy shall comply with the requirements of Section 105.2.2 and Chapter 34.

116.6 Unsafe equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Equipment deemed unsafe by the building official or his authorized representative shall not be operated after the date stated in the notice unless the required repairs or changes have been made and the equipment has been approved, or unless an extension of time has been secured from the building official or his authorized representative in writing.

116.6.1 Authority to seal equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In the case of emergency, the building official or his authorized representative may seal out of service immediately any unsafe device or equipment regulated by this code.

116.6.2 Unlawful to remove seal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Any device or equipment sealed out of service by the building official or his authorized representative shall be plainly identified as out of service by such official and shall indicate the reason for such sealing. The identification shall not be tampered with, defaced or removed except by the building official or his authorized representative.

116.7 Hazardous Conditions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to the provisions of section 29-393 of the Connecticut General Statutes, on receipt of information from the local fire marshal or from any other authentic source that any building in his jurisdiction, due to lack of exit facilities, fire, deterioration, catastrophe or other cause, is in such condition as to be a hazard to any person or persons, the building official shall immediately make an inspection by himself or by his assistant, and may make orders for additional exit facilities or the repair or alteration of the building if the same is susceptible to repair or both or for the removal of such building or any portion thereof if any such order is necessary in the interests of public safety. Any building official shall have the right of entry into all buildings for the performance of his duties between the hours of nine o'clock a.m. and five o'clock p.m., in the interests of public safety.

116.7.1 Penalty

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pursuant to the provisions of section 29-394 of the Connecticut General Statutes, any person who, by himself or his agent, fails to comply with the written order of a building inspector for the provision of additional exit facilities in a building, the repair or alteration of a building or the removal of a building or any portion thereof, shall be fined not less than two hundred nor more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than six months, or both.

Section 117 EMERGENCY MEASURES

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

117.1 Imminent danger

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
When, in the opinion of the building official, there is imminent danger of failure or collapse of a building or structure or any part thereof which endangers human life, or when any building or structure or part thereof has fallen and human life is endangered by the occupation of the building or structure, the building official is hereby authorized and empowered to order and require the occupants to vacate the same forthwith. The building official shall post, or cause to be posted at each entrance to such building or structure a notice reading as follows: “This structure is unsafe and its occupancy has been prohibited by the building official.” It shall be unlawful for any person to enter such premises except upon permission granted by the building official for the purposes of making the required repairs or of demolishing the premises. The posted identification shall not be defaced or removed except by the building official or his authorized representative.

117.2 Temporary safeguards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
When, in the opinion of the building official, there is imminent danger to human life due to an unsafe condition, the building official shall cause the necessary work to be done to render such building or structure temporarily safe, whether or not the legal procedure described in Section 116 has been instituted.

117.3 Temporary closings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
When necessary for public safety, the building official shall temporarily close buildings and structures and close, or order the authority having jurisdiction to close, sidewalks, streets, public ways and places adjacent to unsafe structures, and prohibit the same from being used.

117.4 Emergency work

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
When imminent danger or an unsafe condition requiring immediate action exists and the owner of the building or structure cannot be located, or refuses or is unable to expeditiously render the premises safe, the building official shall order the employment of the necessary labor and materials to perform the required work as expeditiously as possible. Such work shall include that required, in the building official’s sole opinion, to make the premises temporarily safe, up to and including demolition.

117.5 Costs of emergency work

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Costs incurred in the performance of emergency repairs or demolition under the order of the building official shall be paid from the treasury of the town, city or borough in which the building or structure is located on approval of the building official. The legal counsel of the town, city or borough shall institute appropriate action against the owner of the premises where the unsafe building or structure is or was located.

Section 118 VACANT BUILDINGS

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

118.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Temporarily unoccupied buildings, structures, premises or portions thereof, including tenant spaces, shall be safeguarded and maintained in accordance with this section.

118.1.1 Abandoned premises

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Buildings, structures and premises for which an owner cannot be identified or located by dispatch of a certificate of mailing to the last known or registered address, which persistently or repeatedly become unprotected or unsecured; which have been occupied by unauthorized persons or for illegal purposes; or which present a danger of structural collapse or fire spread to adjacent properties shall be considered abandoned, declared unsafe and abated or demolished in accordance with this code.

118.2 Safeguarding vacant premises

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Temporarily unoccupied buildings, structures, premises or portions thereof shall be secured and protected in accordance with this section.

118.2.1 Security

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Exterior openings and interior openings accessible to other tenants or unauthorized persons shall be boarded, locked, blocked or otherwise protected to prevent entry by unauthorized individuals.

118.2.2 Fire protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Fire alarm, sprinkler and standpipe systems shall be maintained in an operable condition at all times.

Exceptions:
  1. When the premises have been cleared of all combustible materials and debris and, in the opinion of the code official, the type of construction, fire separation distance and security of the premises do not create a fire hazard.
  2. Where buildings will not be heated and fire protection systems will be exposed to freezing temperatures, fire alarm and sprinkler systems may be placed out of service and standpipes may be maintained as dry systems (without an automatic water supply) provided the building has no contents or storage, and windows, doors and other openings are secured to prohibit entry by unauthorized persons.

118.2.3 Fire separation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Fire-resistance-rated partitions, fire barriers and fire walls separating vacant tenant spaces from the remainder of the building shall be maintained.

118.3 Removal of combustibles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Persons owning, or in charge or control of, a vacant building or portion thereof, shall remove all accumulations of combustible materials and flammable or combustible waste or rubbish from such space. The premises shall be maintained clear of waste or hazardous materials.

Exceptions:
  1. Buildings or portions of buildings undergoing additions, alterations, repairs or change of occupancy under a valid permit in accordance with this code.
  2. Seasonally occupied buildings.

118.4 Removal of hazardous materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Persons owning, or in charge or control of, a vacant building or portion thereof, shall remove all accumulations of hazardous materials as defined by this code.
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