About this chapter: Many buildings are renovated or altered in numerous ways that could affect the energy use of the building as a whole. Chapter 5 requires the application of certain parts of Chapter 4 in order to maintain, if not improve, the conservation of energy by the renovated or altered building.
Provisions of this code relating to the construction, repair, alteration, restoration and movement of structures, and change of occupancy shall not be mandatory for historic buildings provided that a report has been submitted to the building official and signed by the owner, a registered design professional, or a representative of the State Historic Preservation Office or the historic preservation authority having jurisdiction, demonstrating that compliance with that provision would threaten, degrade or destroy the historic form, fabric or function of the building.
Exception: Where unconditioned space is changed to conditioned space, the building envelope of the addition shall comply where the Total UA, as determined in Section R402.1.5, of the existing building and the addition, and any alterations that are part of the project, is less than or equal to the Total UA generated for the existing building.
Exception: Where ducts from an existing heating and cooling system are extended to an addition, duct systems with less than 40 linear feet (12.19 m) in unconditioned spaces shall not be required to be tested in accordance with Section R403.3.3.
Alterations to any building or structure shall comply with the requirements of the code for new construction. Alterations shall be such that the existing building or structure is not less conforming to the provisions of this code than the existing building or structure was prior to the alteration.
Alterations to an existing building, building system or portion thereof shall conform to the provisions of this code as they relate to new construction without requiring the unaltered portions of the existing building or building system to comply with this code. Alterations shall not create an unsafe or hazardous condition or overload existing building systems. Alterations shall be such that the existing building or structure does not use more energy than the existing building or structure prior to the alteration. Alterations to existing buildings shall comply with Sections R503.1.1 through R503.2.
Exception: The following alterations shall not be required to comply with the requirements for new construction provided that the energy use of the building is not increased:
- Storm windows installed over existing fenestration.
- Existing ceiling, wall or floor cavities exposed during construction provided that these cavities are filled with insulation.
- Construction where the existing roof, wall or floor cavity is not exposed.
- Roof re-cover.
- Roofs without insulation in the cavity and where the sheathing or insulation is exposed during reroofing shall be insulated either above or below the sheathing.
- Surface-applied window film installed on existing single pane fenestration assemblies to reduce solar heat gain provided that the code does not require the glazing or fenestration assembly to be replaced.
- For roof replacement of low-sloped roofs, where the required R-value cannot be provided due to flashing height limitations presented by existing rooftop conditions that are not being altered, such as HVAC equipment, door or window sill height, parapet height, weep holes, and roof flashing heights not meeting the manufacturer's specifications if reduced, the maximum thickness of insulation compatible with the available space and existing conditions shall be installed. New insulation shall have a minimum R-value of R-5 per inch. In no case shall a roof replacement reduce the R-value of the roof assembly.
- The R-value for roof assemblies with tapered above-deck insulation shall average R-30.
Exception: Where ducts from an existing heating and cooling system are extended, duct systems with less than 40 linear feet (12.19 m) in unconditioned spaces shall not be required to be tested in accordance with Section R403.3.3.
Any nonconditioned or low-energy space that is altered to become conditioned space shall be required to be brought into full compliance with this code.
Exception: Where the simulated performance option in Section R405 is used to comply with this section, the annual energy cost of the proposed design is permitted to be 110 percent of the annual energy cost otherwise allowed by Section R405.3.
For the purposes of this code, the following shall be considered to be repairs:
- Glass-only replacements in an existing sash and frame.
- Roof repairs.
- Repairs where only the bulb, ballast or both within the existing luminaires in a space are replaced provided that the replacement does not increase the installed interior lighting power.
- Insulation with new roof covering where installed above the existing roof covering of a low-sloped roof to create slope between drains or upslope from obstructions to water flow.
Any space that is converted to a dwelling unit or portion thereof from another use or occupancy shall comply with this code.
Exception: Where the simulated performance option in Section R405 is used to comply with this section, the annual energy cost of the proposed design is permitted to be 110 percent of the annual energy cost allowed by Section R405.3.