Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
Special rooms and spaces required to be accessible by the scoping provisions adopted by the administrative authority shall comply with the applicable provisions of Chapter 8.

802.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Wheelchair spaces and wheelchair space locations in assembly areas with spectator seating shall comply with Section 802. Where tiered seating includes dining surfaces or work surfaces, wheelchair spaces and wheelchair space locations shall comply with Section 802.6, 802.7, 802.9, 802.10 and 902. Team and player seating shall comply with Sections 802.2 through 802.7.
The floor surface of wheelchair space locations shall have a slope not steeper than 1:48 and shall comply with Section 302.

A single wheelchair space shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum in width. Where two adjacent wheelchair spaces are provided, each wheelchair space shall be 33 inches (840 mm) minimum in width.

FIG. 802.3

WIDTH OF A WHEELCHAIR SPACE IN ASSEMBLY AREAS

Where a wheelchair space can be entered from the front or rear, the wheelchair space shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum in depth. Where a wheelchair space can only be entered from the side, the wheelchair space shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in depth.

FIG. 802.4

DEPTH OF A WHEELCHAIR SPACE IN ASSEMBLY AREAS

The wheelchair space shall adjoin an accessible route. The accessible route shall not overlap the wheelchair space.
A wheelchair space shall not overlap the required width of an aisle.
Wheelchair space locations shall be an integral part of any seating area.
A companion seat, complying with Section 802.7, shall be provided beside each wheelchair space.
The companion seat shall be equivalent in size, quality, comfort and amenities to the seats in the immediate area to the wheelchair space location. Companion seats shall be permitted to be moveable.

802.7.2 Companion Seat Alignment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In row seating, the companion seat shall be located to provide shoulder alignment with the wheelchair space occupant. The shoulder of the wheelchair space occupant is considered to be 36 inches (915 mm) or more from the front and 12 inches (305 mm) or more from the rear of the wheelchair space. The floor surface for the companion seat shall be at the same elevation as the wheelchair space floor surface.
Exception: Companion seat alignment shall not be required in tiered seating that includes dining surfaces or work surfaces.
Designated aisle seats shall comply with Section 802.8.
Where armrests are provided on seating in the immediate area of designated aisle seats, folding or retractable armrests shall be provided on the aisle side of the designated aisle seat.

802.8.2 Identification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each designated aisle seat shall be identified by a sign or marker.
Where spectators are expected to remain seated for purposes of viewing events, spectators in wheelchair space locations shall be provided with a line of sight in accordance with Section 802.9.1. Where spectators in front of the wheelchair space locations will be expected to stand at their seats for purposes of viewing events, spectators in wheelchair space locations shall be provided with a line of sight in accordance with Section 802.9.2.
Where spectators are expected to remain seated during events, spectators seated in a wheelchair space shall be provided with lines of sight to the performance area or playing field comparable to that provided to seated spectators in closest proximity to the wheelchair space location. Where seating provides lines of sight over heads, spectators in wheelchair space locations shall be afforded lines of sight complying with Section 802.9.1.1. Where wheelchair space locations provide lines of sight over the shoulder and between heads, spectators in wheelchair space locations shall be afforded lines of sight complying with Section 802.9.1.2.

Spectators seated in a wheelchair space shall be afforded lines of sight over the heads of seated individuals in the first row in front of the wheelchair space location.

FIG. 802.9.1.1

LINES OF SIGHT OVER THE HEADS OF SEATED SPECTATORS

Spectators seated in a wheelchair space shall be afforded lines of sight over the shoulders and between the heads of seated individuals in the first row in front of the wheelchair space location.

FIG. 802.9.1.2

LINES OF SIGHT BETWEEN THE HEADS OF SEATED SPECTATORS

Wheelchair spaces required to provide a line of sight over standing spectators shall comply with Section 802.9.2.

FIG. 802.9.2

LINE OF SIGHT OVER STANDING SPECTATORS

The front of the wheelchair space in a wheelchair space location shall be 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from the back of the chair or bench in front.

The height of the floor surface at the wheelchair space location shall comply with Table 802.9.2.2. Interpolations shall be permitted for riser heights that are not listed in the table.

TABLE 802.9.2.2

REQUIRED WHEELCHAIR SPACE LOCATION ELEVATION OVER STANDING SPECTATORS

Riser height Minimum height of the wheelchair space location based on row spacing1
Rows less than 33 inches (840 mm)2 Rows 33 inches
(840 mm) to 44 inches (1120 mm)2
Rows over
44 inches (1120 mm)2
0 inch (0 mm) 16 inches (405 mm) 16 inches (405 mm) 16 inches (405 mm)
4 inches (100 mm) 22 inches (560 mm) 21 inches (535 mm) 21 inches (535 mm)
8 inches (205 mm) 31 inches (785 mm) 30 inches (760 mm) 28 inches (710 mm)
12 inches (305 mm) 40 inches (1015 mm) 37 inches (940 mm) 35 inches (890 mm)
16 inches (405 mm) 49 inches (1245 mm) 45 inches (1145 mm) 42 inches (1065 mm)
20 inches (510 mm)3 58 inches (1475 mm) 53 inches (1345 mm) 49 inches (1245 mm)
24 inches (610 mm) N/A 61 inches (1550 mm) 56 inches (1420 mm)
28 inches (710 mm)4 N/A 69 inches (1750 mm) 63 inches (1600 mm)
32 inches (815 mm) N/A N/A 70 inches (1780 mm)
36 inches (915 mm) and higher N/A N/A 77 inches (1955 mm)

Footnotes to Table 802.9.2.2

1The height of the wheelchair space location is the vertical distance from the tread of the row of seats directly in front of the wheelchair space location to the tread of the wheelchair space location.

2The row spacing is the back-to-back horizontal distance between the rows of seats in front of the wheelchair space location.

3Seating treads less than 33 inches (840 mm) in depth are not permitted with risers greater than 18 inches (455 mm) in height.

4Seating treads less than 44 inches (1120 mm) in depth are not permitted with risers greater than 27 inches (685 mm) in height.

NOTE: Table 802.9.2.2 is based on providing a spectator in a wheelchair a line of sight over the head of a spectator two rows in front of the wheelchair space location using average anthropometrical data. The table is based on the following calculation: [(2X+34)(Y-2.25)/X]+(20.2-Y) where Y is the riser height of the rows in front of the wheelchair space location and X is the tread depth of the rows in front of the wheelchair space location. The calculation is based on the front of the wheelchair space location being located 12 inches (305 mm) from the back of the seating tread directly in front and the eye of the standing spectator being set back 8 inches (205 mm) from the riser.

The minimum number of wheelchair space locations shall be in accordance with Table 802.10. Wheelchair space locations shall be dispersed in accordance with Sections 802.10.1, 802.10.2 and 802.10.3. In addition, wheelchair space locations shall be dispersed in accordance with Section 802.10.4 in spaces utilized primarily for viewing motion picture projection. Once the required number of wheelchair space locations has been met, further dispersion is not required.

TABLE 802.10

WHEELCHAIR SPACE LOCATION DISPERSION

Total seating in Assembly Areas Minimum required number of wheelchair space locations
Up to 150 1
151 to 500 2
501 to 1000 3
1001 to 5,000 3, plus 1 additional space for each 1,000 seats or portions thereof above 1,000
5,001 and over 7, plus 1 additional space for each 2,000 seats or portions thereof above 5,000

802.10.1 Horizontal Dispersion

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Wheelchair space locations shall be dispersed horizontally to provide viewing options. Where seating encircles the stage or field, in whole or in part, horizontal dispersion shall include the entire seating area. Two wheelchair spaces shall be permitted to be located side-by-side.

Wheelchair space locations shall be dispersed at a variety of distances from the event to provide viewing options.

EXCEPTIONS:

  1. In bleachers, wheelchair space locations provided only in rows at points of entry to bleacher seating shall be permitted.
  2. Assembly areas utilized for viewing motion picture projections with 300 seats or less shall not be required to comply with Section 802.10.2.
  3. Assembly areas with 300 seats or less other than those utilized for viewing motion picture projections shall not be required to comply with Section 802.10.2 where all wheelchair space locations are within the front 50 percent of the total rows.
Where assembly seating has multiple distinct seating areas with amenities that differ from other distinct seating areas, wheelchair space locations shall be provided within each distinct seating area.
In spaces utilized primarily for viewing motion picture projections, wheelchair space locations shall comply with Section 802.10.4.

802.10.4.1 Spaces With Seating on Risers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where tiered seating is provided, wheelchair space locations shall be integrated into the tiered seating area on a riser or a cross-aisle.

802.10.4.2 Distance From the Screen

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Wheelchair space locations shall be located in accordance with one of the following:
  1. Within the rear 60 percent of the seats provided; or
  2. Located within the area of an auditorium in which the vertical viewing angles, as measured to the top of the screen, are form the 40th to the 100th percentile of vertical viewing angles for all seats as ranked from the seats in the first row (1st percentile) to seats in the back row (100th percentile).
Accessible dressing, fitting, and locker rooms shall comply with Section 803.
A turning space complying with Section 304 shall be provided within the room.
Doors shall not swing into the room unless a clear floor space complying with Section 305.3 is provided within the room, beyond the arc of the door swing.
A bench complying with Section 903 shall be provided within the room.
Accessible coat hooks provided within the room shall accommodate a forward reach or side reach complying with Section 308. Where provided, a shelf shall be 40 inches (1015 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the floor.

803.6 Mirrors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Mirrors provided within the room shall be installed with the bottom edge of the reflecting surface 35 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the finish floor or ground.
Accessible kitchens and kitchenettes shall comply with Section 804.

Where a pass-through kitchen is provided, clearances shall comply with Section 804.2.1. Where a U-shaped kitchen is provided, clearances shall comply with Section 804.2.2.

EXCEPTION: Spaces that do not provide a cooktop or conventional range shall not be required to comply with Section 804.2 provided there is a 40-inch (1015 mm) minimum clearance between all opposing base cabinets, counter tops, appliances, or walls within work areas.

In pass-through kitchens where counters, appliances or cabinets are on two opposing sides, or where counters, appliances or cabinets are opposite a parallel wall, clearance between all opposing base cabinets, counter tops, appliances, or walls within kitchen work areas shall be 40 inches (1015 mm) minimum. Passthrough kitchens shall have two entries.

FIG. 804.2.1

PASS-THROUGH KITCHEN CLEARANCE

In kitchens enclosed on three contiguous sides, clearance between all opposing base cabinets, countertops, appliances, or walls within kitchen work areas shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum.

FIG. 804.2.2

U-SHAPED KITCHEN CLEARANCE

At least one work surface shall be provided in accordance with Section 902.

EXCEPTION: Spaces that do not provide a cooktop or conventional range shall not be required to provide an accessible work surface.

The sink shall comply with Section 606.

Where provided, kitchen appliances shall comply with Section 804.5.
A clear floor space complying with Section 305 shall be provided at each kitchen appliance.

804.5.2 Operable Parts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

All appliance controls shall comply with Section 309.

EXCEPTIONS:

  1. Appliance doors and door latching devices shall not be required to comply with Section 309.4.
  2. Bottom-hinged appliance doors, when in the open position, shall not be required to comply with Section 309.3.
  3. Filters in dishwashers and refrigerators and other parts or controls used only for periodic maintenance of appliances shall not be required to comply with Section 309.
A clear floor space positioned adjacent to the dishwasher door, shall be provided. The dishwasher door in the open position shall not obstruct the clear floor space for the dishwasher or an adjacent sink.
Cooktops shall comply with Section 804.5.4.
A clear floor space, positioned for a parallel or forward approach to the cooktop, shall be provided.
Where the clear floor space is positioned for a forward approach, knee and toe clearance complying with Section 306 shall be provided. The underside of the cooktop shall be insulated or otherwise configured to prevent burns, abrasions, or electrical shock.
Where the clear floor space is positioned for a parallel approach, the clear floor space shall be centered on the appliance.
The location of controls shall not require reaching across burners.
Ovens shall comply with Section 804.5.5.
A clear floor space shall be provided. The oven door in the open position shall not obstruct the clear floor space for the oven.
Side-hinged door ovens shall have a work surface complying with Section 804.3 positioned adjacent to the latch side of the oven door.
Bottomhinged door ovens shall have a work surface complying with Section 804.3 positioned adjacent to one side of the door.
The location of controls shall not require reaching across burners.
Combination refrigerators and freezers shall have at least 50 percent of the freezer compartment shelves, including the bottom of the freezer, 54 inches (1370 mm) maximum above the floor when the shelves are installed at the maximum heights possible in the compartment. A clear floor space, positioned for a parallel approach to the refrigerator/freezer, shall be provided. The centerline of the clear floor space shall be offset 24 inches (610 mm) maximum from the centerline of the appliance.
Transportation facilities shall comply with Section 805.
Bus boarding and alighting areas shall comply with Section 805.2.
Bus stop boarding and alighting areas shall have a firm, stable surface.

Bus stop boarding and alighting areas shall have a 96-inch (2440 mm) minimum clear length, measured perpendicular to the curb or vehicle roadway edge, and a 60-inch (1525 mm) minimum clear width, measured parallel to the vehicle roadway.

FIG. 805.2.2

SIZE OF BUS BOARDING AND ALIGHTING AREAS

The slope of the bus stop boarding and alighting area parallel to the vehicle roadway shall be the same as the roadway, to the maximum extent practicable. The slope of the bus stop boarding and alighting area perpendicular to the vehicle roadway shall be 1:48 maximum.
Bus stop boarding and alighting areas shall be connected to streets, sidewalks, or pedestrian paths by an accessible route complying with Section 402.

Bus shelters shall provide a minimum clear floor space complying with Section 305 entirely within the shelter. Bus shelters shall be connected by an accessible route complying with Section 402 to a boarding and alighting area complying with Section 805.2.

FIG. 805.3

BUS SHELTERS

Bus route identification signs shall have visual characters complying with Sections 703.2.2, 703.2.3, and 703.2.5 through 703.2.8. In addition, bus route identification numbers shall be visual characters complying with Section 703.2.4.

EXCEPTION: Bus schedules, timetables and maps that are posted at the bus stop or bus bay shall not be required to comply with Section 805.4.

Rail platforms shall comply with Section 805.5.

Rail platforms shall not exceed a slope of 1:48 in all directions.

EXCEPTION: Where platforms serve vehicles operating on existing track or track laid in existing roadway, the slope of the platform parallel to the track shall be permitted to be equal to the slope (grade) of the roadway or existing track.

Platform boarding edges not protected by platform screens or guards shall have a detectable warning complying with Section 705.

Rail station signs shall comply with Section 805.6.

EXCEPTION: Signs shall not be required to comply with Sections 805.6.1 and 805.6.2 where audible signs are remotely transmitted to hand-held receivers, or are user- or proximity-actuated.

Where signs identify a station or a station entrance, at least one sign with raised characters and braille complying with Sections 703.3 and 703.4 shall be provided at each entrance.

Lists of stations, routes and destinations served by the station that are located on boarding areas, platforms, or mezzanines shall have visual characters complying with Section 703.2. A minimum of one sign with raised characters and braille complying with Sections 703.3 and 703.4 shall be provided on each platform or boarding area to identify the specific station.

EXCEPTION: Where sign space is limited, characters shall not be required to exceed 3 inches (75 mm) in height.

Stations covered by this section shall have identification signs with visual characters complying with Section 703.2. The signs shall be clearly visible and within the sight lines of a standing or sitting passenger from within the vehicle on both sides when not obstructed by another vehicle.
Where public address systems convey audible information to the public, the same or equivalent information shall be provided in a visual format.
Where clocks are provided for use by the public, the clock face shall be uncluttered so that its elements are clearly visible. Hands, numerals and digits shall contrast with the background either light-on-dark or dark-on-light. Where clocks are installed overhead, numerals and digits shall be visual characters complying with Section 703.2.

Where provided, escalators shall have a 32-inch (815mm) minimum clear width, and shall comply with Requirements 6.1.3.5.6-Step Demarcations, and 6.1.3.6.5-Flat Steps of ASME A17.1/CSA B44 listed in Section 105.2.5.

EXCEPTION: Existing escalators shall not be required to comply with Section 805.9.

Where a circulation path crosses tracks, it shall comply with Section 402 and shall have a detectable warning 24 inches (610 mm) in depth complying with Section 705 extending the full width of the circulation path. The detectable warning surface shall be located so that the edge nearest the rail crossing is 6 foot (1830 mm) minimum and 15 foot (4570 mm) maximum from the centerline of the nearest rail.

EXCEPTION: Openings for wheel flanges shall be permitted to be 21/2 inches (64 mm) maximum.

FIG. 805.10

TRACK CROSSINGS

Holding cells and housing cells shall comply with Section 806.
Cells required to have features for people using wheelchairs or other mobility aids shall comply with Section 806.2.
Turning space complying with Section 304 shall be provided within the cell.
Where benches are provided, at least one bench shall comply with Section 903.
Where beds are provided, clear floor space complying with Section 305 shall be provided on at least one side of the bed. The clear floor space shall be positioned for parallel approach to the side of the bed.
Toilet facilities or bathing facilities provided as part of a cell shall comply with Section 603.
Cells required to have communication features shall comply with Section 806.3.

Where audible emergency alarm systems are provided to serve the occupants of cells, visible alarms complying with Section 702 shall be provided.

EXCEPTION: In cells where inmates or detainees are not allowed independent means of egress, visible alarms shall not be required.

Where provided, telephones within cells shall have volume controls complying with Section 704.3.
Courtrooms shall comply with Section 807.

Where provided, each area that is raised or depressed shall provide a turning space complying with Section 304.

EXCEPTION: Levels of jury boxes not required to be accessible are not required to comply with Section 807.2.

Within the defined area of each jury box and witness stand, a clear floor space complying with Section 305 shall be provided.

EXCEPTION: In alterations, wheelchair spaces are not required to be located within the defined area of raised jury boxes or witness stands and shall be permitted to be located outside these spaces where ramps or platform lifts restrict or project into the means of egress required by the administrative authority.

Judges' benches, clerks' stations, bailiffs' stations, deputy clerks' stations, court reporters' stations and litigants' and counsel stations shall comply with Section 902.
Gallery seating shall comply with Section 802.
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