Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

14R-2-201 The provisions of Section 201 of IEBC are not adopted. The following language is adopted as Section 201:

Added Coun. J. 4-10-19, p. 100029.

The definitions in Section 202 shall apply to italicized words throughout this code, except where specifically limited to a particular chapter or section. Unless the context requires otherwise, the definitions in Section 202 shall also apply to non-italicized words throughout this code.
Words used in the present tense include the future; words stated in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural includes the singular.
Where non-italicized words are not defined in this code and are defined in the Chicago Construction Codes Administrative Provisions, Chicago Building Code, Chicago Conveyance Device Code, Chicago Electrical Code, Chicago Fire Prevention Code, Chicago Fuel Gas Code, Chicago Mechanical Code, Chicago Energy Conservation Code, Chicago Plumbing Code, or Chicago Minimum Requirements for Existing Buildings, such words shall have the meanings ascribed to them in those codes.
Where italicized words are not defined in Section 202 or non-italicized words are not defined in Section 202 or any of the codes referenced in Section 201.3, such words shall have the meaning given in the latest edition of Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary as the context implies.

14R-2-202 The provisions of Section 202 of IEBC are adopted by reference with the following modifications:

Added Coun. J. 4-10-19, p. 100029.

Amended Coun. J. 7-24-19, p. 3647.

Amended Coun. J. 2-19-20, p. 14474.

Amended Coun. J. 10-7-20, p. 21791.

ACCESSIBLE. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

ACCESSIBLE MEANS OF EGRESS. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

ACCESSIBLE ROUTE. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

ACCESSIBLE UNIT. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

ADDITION. An extension or increase in floor area, number of stories, or building height of an existing building.

ALTERATION. Any construction or renovation to an existing structure other than a repair or addition.

ALTERATION (for Section 305). Any modification or renovation that affects or could affect the usability of the building or facility or part of the building or facility. Alteration includes, but is not limited to, remodeling, renovation, rehabilitation, reconstruction, historic preservation, historic reconstruction, historic rehabilitation, historic restoration, changes to or rearrangement of the structural parts or elements, changes to or replacement of plumbing fixtures or controls, changes to or rearrangement in the plan configuration of walls and full-height partitions, resurfacing of circulation paths or vehicular ways, and changes or improvements to parking lots. The following work is not considered to be an alteration (for accessibility requirements) unless it affects the usability of the building or facility: normal maintenance, reroofing, painting or wallpapering or changes to mechanical or electrical systems.

APPROVED. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Construction Codes Administrative Provisions.

BUILDING. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

BUILDING AREA. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

BUILDING HEIGHT. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

BUILDING OFFICIAL. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Construction Codes Administrative Provisions.

CHANGE OF OCCUPANCY. A change in the use of a building or a portion of a building that results in any of the following:

  1. A change of classification to a different major occupancy group (for example, from Group A-2 to Group B).
  2. A change of classification from one group to another group within a major occupancy group (for example, from Group A-2 to Group A-3).
  3. A change of classification from one condition to another condition within an occupancy group (for example, from Group I-2, Condition 1 to Group I-2, Condition 2).

A change of use that does not result in a change of occupancy classification (for example, from a restaurant to a tavern, which are both classified as Group A-2 occupancies) is not a change of occupancy. Creation of a new accessory occupancy that is not required to be separated from the main occupancy in accordance with Section 508.2.4 of the Chicago Building Code is not a change of occupancy.

CHICAGO BUILDING CODE. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Construction Codes Administrative Provisions.

CHICAGO CONSTRUCTION CODES. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Construction Codes Administrative Provisions.

CHICAGO CONSTRUCTION CODES ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS. Title 14A of the Municipal Code of Chicago.

CHICAGO CONVEYANCE DEVICE CODE. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Construction Codes Administrative Provisions.

CHICAGO ELECTRICAL CODE. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Construction Codes Administrative Provisions.

CHICAGO ENERGY CONSERVATION CODE. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Construction Codes Administrative Provisions.

CHICAGO FIRE PREVENTION CODE. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Construction Codes Administrative Provisions.

CHICAGO FUEL GAS CODE. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Construction Codes Administrative Provisions.

CHICAGO MECHANICAL CODE. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Construction Codes Administrative Provisions.

CHICAGO MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR EXISTING BUILDINGS. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Construction Codes Administrative Provisions.

CHICAGO PLUMBING CODE. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Construction Codes Administrative Provisions.

CONGREGATE LIVING FACILITY. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Construction Codes Administrative Provisions.

DISPROPORTIONATE EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE. A condition of earthquake-related damage where both of the following occur:

  1. The 0.3-second spectral acceleration at the building site as estimated by the United States Geological Survey for the earthquake in question is less than 40 percent of the mapped acceleration parameter SS.
  2. The vertical elements of the lateral force-resisting system have suffered damage such that the lateral loadcarrying capacity of any story in any horizontal direction has been reduced by more than 10 percent from its predamage condition.

DWELLING UNIT. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

EQUIPMENT OR FIXTURE. Any plumbing, heating, electrical, ventilating, air conditioning, refrigerating, and fire protection equipment, and conveyance devices, boilers, pressure vessels and other mechanical facilities or installations that are related to building services. Equipment or fixture shall not include manufacturing, production, or process equipment, but shall include connections from building service to process equipment.

EXISTING BUILDING. A building legally erected and occupied in conformance with the requirements in effect at the time of construction and initial occupancy.

EXISTING STRUCTURE. A structure legally erected in conformance with the requirements in effect at the time of construction and completion.

FACILITY. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

HIGH-RISE BUILDING. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

HISTORIC BUILDING. Any building or structure that is one or more of the following:

  1. Listed, or certified as eligible for listing, by the State Historic Preservation Officer or the Keeper of the National Register of Historic Places, in the National Register of Historic Places.
  2. Designated, recommended, or preliminarily recommended for designation as a Chicago Landmark, including as a contributing building in a Chicago Landmark district pursuant to Section 2-120-630, 2-120-690, 2-120-700 or 2-120-705 of the Municipal Code.
  3. Certified as a contributing resource within a National Register historic district.

ILLINOIS ACCESSIBILITY CODE. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

LOT. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

LOW-SLOPED ROOF. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

MUNICIPAL CODE. The Municipal Code of the City of Chicago, Illinois.

PORCH. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

PRIMARY FUNCTION AREA (for Section 305). An area of a building or facility containing a major activity for which the building or facility is intended. There can be multiple areas containing a primary function in a single building. Primary function areas are not limited to public use areas. Mixed-use facilities may include numerous primary function areas for each use. Primary function areas include, but are not limited to, the customer services lobby of a bank, the dining area of a cafeteria, the meeting rooms in a conference center, as well as offices and other employee areas in which the activities of the public accommodation or other private entity using the facility are carried out. Primary function areas do not include: mechanical rooms, boiler rooms, storage supply rooms, employee lounges or locker rooms, janitorial closets, entrances or corridors. Restrooms are not primary function areas unless the provision of restrooms is a primary purpose of the facility, such as in highway rest stops.

REHABILITATION. Any work type described in this code undertaken in an existing building or existing structure, including addition, alteration, change of occupancy, relocation and repair.

 

REPAIR. The reconstruction, replacement or renewal of any part of an existing building for the purpose of its maintenance or to correct damage.

REROOFING. The process of recovering or replacing an existing roof covering. See "Roof recover" and "Roof replacement."

RISK CATEGORY. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

ROOF COATING. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

ROOF RECOVER. The process of installing an additional roof covering over a prepared existing roof covering without removing the existing roof covering.

ROOF REPAIR. Reconstruction or renewal of any part of an existing roof for the purpose of correcting damage or restoring the predamage condition.

ROOF REPLACEMENT. The process of removing the existing roof covering, repairing any damaged substrate and installing a new roof covering.

SEISMIC DESIGN CATEGORY. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

SEISMIC FORCES. The loads, forces and requirements prescribed herein, related to the response of the building to earthquake motions, to be used in the analysis and design of the structure and its components. Seismic forces are considered either full or reduced, as provided in Chapter 3.

SLEEPING UNIT. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

STORY. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

STORY ABOVE GRADE PLANE. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

STRUCTURAL CHANGE (for Section 305). Changes to or rearrangement of the structural elements, plumbing fixture changes or changes to or rearrangement of the plan configuration of walls and full height partitions.

STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS (for Section 305). A loadcarrying component of a structural system of a building, structure or facility, such as a foundation wall, column, strut, slab, beam, girder, truss or arch; or components of the primary structural frame.

SUBSTANTIAL DAMAGE. For the purpose of determining compliance with the flood provisions of this code, damage of any origin sustained by a structure whereby the cost of restoring the structure to its before-damaged condition would equal or exceed 50 percent of the market value of the structure before the damage occurred.

SUBSTANTIAL IMPROVEMENT. For the purpose of determining compliance with the flood provisions of this code, any repair, alteration, addition, or improvement of a building or structure, the cost of which equals or exceeds 50 percent of the market value of the structure, before the improvement or repair is started. If the structure has sustained substantial damage, any repairs are considered substantial improvement regardless of the actual repair work performed. The term does not, however, include either of the following:

  1. Any project for improvement of a building required to correct existing health, sanitary, or safety code violations identified by the building official and that is the minimum necessary to ensure safe living conditions.
  2. Any alteration of a historic structure, provided that the alteration will not preclude the structure's continued designation as a historic structure.

SUBSTANTIAL STRUCTURAL ALTERATION. An alteration in which the gravity load-carrying structural elements altered within a 5-year period support more than 30 percent of the total floor and roof area of the building or structure. The areas to be counted toward the 30 percent shall include mezzanines, penthouses, and in-filled courts and shafts tributary to the altered structural elements.

SUBSTANTIAL STRUCTURAL DAMAGE. A condition where any of the following apply:

  1. The vertical elements of the lateral force-resisting system have suffered damage such that the lateral loadcarrying capacity of any story in any horizontal direction has been reduced by more than 33 percent from its predamage condition.
  2. The capacity of any vertical component carrying gravity load, or any group of such components, that has a tributary area more than 30 percent of the total area of the structure's floor(s) and roof(s) has been reduced more than 20 percent from its predamage condition, and the remaining capacity of such affected elements, with respect to all dead and live loads, is less than 75 percent of that required by the Chicago Building Code for new buildings of similar structure, purpose and location.
  3. The capacity of any structural component carrying snow load, or any group of such components, that supports more than 30 percent of the roof area of similar construction has been reduced more than 20 percent from its predamage condition, and the remaining capacity with respect to dead, live and snow loads is less than 75 percent of that required by the Chicago Building Code for new buildings of similar structure, purpose and location.

TECHNICALLY INFEASIBLE. An alteration of a facility that has little likelihood of being accomplished because the existing structural conditions require the removal or alteration of a load-bearing member that is an essential part of the primary structural frame, or because other existing physical or site constraints prohibit modification or addition of elements, spaces or features which are in full and strict compliance with the minimum requirements for new construction and which are necessary to provide accessibility.

TOWNHOUSE. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

TYPE A UNIT. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

TYPE B UNIT. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

TYPE C UNIT. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

UNSAFE. Buildings, structures or equipment that are unsanitary, or that are deficient due to inadequate means of egress facilities, inadequate light and ventilation, or that constitute a fire hazard, or in which the structure or individual structural members meet the definition of "Dangerous," or that are otherwise dangerous to human life or the public welfare, or that involve illegal or improper occupancy or inadequate maintenance shall be deemed unsafe. A vacant structure that is not secured against entry shall be deemed unsafe.

WORK AREA. The portion or portions of a building consisting of all reconfigured spaces as indicated on the construction documents. Work area excludes other portions of the building where incidental work entailed by the intended work must be performed and portions of the building where work not initially intended by the owner is specifically required by the Chicago Construction Codes.

ZONING LOT. As defined in Chapter 2 of the Chicago Building Code.

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