ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Building Code 2018 (IBC 2018)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

Chapter 11A Housing Accessibility

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CALIFORNIA BUILDING CODE — MATRIX ADOPTION TABLE CHAPTER 11A — HOUSING ACCESSIBILITY

(Matrix Adoption Tables are nonregulatory, intended only as an aid to the code user. See Chapter 1 for state agency authority and building applications.)
Adopting agency BSC BSC-CG SFM HCD DSA OSHPD BSCC DPH AGR DWR CEC CA SL SLC
1 2 1/AC AC SS SS/CC 1 1R 2 3 4 5
Adopt entire chapter X
Adopt entire chapter as
amended (amended
sections listed below)
Adopt only those sections
that are listed below
X
Chapter / Section
1128A X
1129A X
1130A X
1131A X
1132A X
1133A X
1134A X
1135A X
1136A X
1150A.1 X

NOTE 1: Covered multifamily dwellings may be subject to the requirements of more than one jurisdiction or law, which would require compliance with each law. Where federal, state, or local laws differ, the more stringent requirements apply. For additional information, see the Joint Statement of the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Department of Justice issued April 30, 2013 (www.hud.gov).

NOTE 2: Dwelling units constructed as senior citizen housing may also be subject to the Unruh Civil Rights Act. Refer to Division I, Part 2 of the California Civil Code. For additional information regarding application, interpretation and enforcement, contact the California Department of Fair Employment and Housing.

Division I — Application, General Provisions, and Definitions

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Division I Table of Contents

Section 1101A Application

Section 1102A Building Accessibility

Section 1103A Design and Construction

Section 1104A Covered Multifamily Dwellings

Section 1105A Garages, Carports and Parking Facilities

Section 1106A Site and Building Characteristics

Section 1107A Definitions

Section 1101A Application

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1101A.1 Scope

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The application and authority of this chapter are identified and referenced in Sections 1.8.2.1.2 and 1102A for the Department of Housing and Community Development. Applicable sections are identified in the Matrix Adoption Tables of this code under the abbreviation HCD 1-AC.The provisions of this chapter shall apply to the following:
  1. All newly-constructed covered multifamily dwellings.
  2. New common use areas serving existing covered multifamily dwellings.
  3. Additions to existing buildings, where the addition alone meets the definition of a covered multifamily dwelling.
  4. New common-use areas serving new covered multifamily dwellings.
  5. Where any portion of a building's exterior is preserved, but the interior of the building is removed, including all structural portions of floors and ceilings, the building is considered a new building for determining the application of this chapter.
     Chapter 11A generally does not apply to public accommodations such as hotels and motels, and public housing. Public use areas, public accommodations, and public housing as defined in Chapter 2 of this code are subject to provisions of the Division of the State Architect (DSA-AC) in Chapter 11B, and are referenced in Section 1.9.1.

     Newly constructed covered multifamily dwellings, which can also be defined as public housing, shall be subject to the requirements of Chapter 11A and Chapter 11B.

Section 1102A Building Accessibility

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1102A.1 Where Required

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Buildings or portions of buildings and facilities within the scope of this chapter shall be accessible to persons with disabilities. Each building on a building site shall be considered separately when determining the requirements contained in this chapter, except when calculating the number of units which must comply with Section 1102A.3.1. Dwelling units within a single structure separated by firewalls do not constitute separate buildings.

     Newly-constructed covered multifamily dwellings as defined in this chapter, include, but are not limited to, the following:
  1. Apartment buildings with 3 or more dwelling units including timeshare apartments not considered a place of public accommodation or transient lodging as defined in Health and Safety Code Section 19955 (a), and Chapter 2 of the California Building Code.
  2. Condominiums with 4 or more dwelling units including timeshare condominiums not considered a place of public accommodation or transient lodging as defined in Health and Safety Code Section 19955 (a), and Chapter 2 of the California Building Code.
  3. Lodging houses, as defined in Chapter 2 of the California Building Code, used as a residence with more than 3 but not more than 5 guest rooms.
  4. Congregate residences, as defined in Chapter 2 of the California Building Code, with 3 or more sleeping units.
  5. Dwellings with 3 or more efficiency units, as defined in Chapter 2 of this code, or Section 17958.1 of the California Health and Safety Code.
  6. Shelters for homeless persons, not otherwise subject to the disabled access provisions of the Division of the State Architect-Access Compliance (DSA-AC).
  7. Dormitories, as defined in Chapter 2 of this code, with 3 or more guest rooms as defined in Chapter 2 of the California Building Code.
  8. Timeshare dwellings with 3 or more units, not considered a place of public accommodations or transient lodging as defined in Health and Safety Code Section 19955 (a), and Chapter 2 of the California Building Code.
  9. Other Group R occupancies in covered multifamily dwellings which are regulated by the Office of the State Fire Marshal. See Section 1.11.
  10. Public housing as defined in Chapter 2 of this code is subject to provisions of the Division of the State Architect (DSA-AC) in Chapter 11B. Newly constructed covered multifamily dwellings, which can also be defined as public housing, shall be subject to the requirements of Chapter 11A and Chapter 11B.

1102A.2 Existing Buildings

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The building standards contained in this chapter do not apply to the alteration, repair, rehabilitation or maintenance of multifamily dwellings constructed for first occupancy prior to March 13, 1991.

     Covered multifamily dwellings shall be maintained in compliance with the accessibility standards in effect at the time of construction. Apartments constructed prior to March 13, 1991 shall be maintained in compliance with the accessibility standards in effect at the time of construction.

     Additions shall be subject to the requirements of this chapter, provided the addition, when considered alone, meets the definition of a covered multifamily dwelling, as defined in Chapter 2. New common use spaces serving existing covered multifamily dwellings shall be subject to the requirements of this chapter.

Note: For all existing public use areas, public accommodations, and public housing, see Chapter 11B for provisions of the Division of the State Architect-Access Compliance (DSA-AC).

1102A.3 Multistory Dwellings

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1102A.3.1 Multistory Apartment or Condominium Dwellings in Buildings With No Elevator

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This section shall apply to multistory dwelling units on the ground floor of buildings without elevators for which an application for a construction permit is submitted on or after July 1, 2005.

Exception: Carriage units as defined in Chapter 2 and regulated only by the Department of Housing and Community Development as referenced in Section 1.8.2.1.2.

     At least 10 percent but not less than one of the multistory dwellings in apartment buildings with 3 or more dwelling units and/or condominiums with 4 or more dwelling units shall comply with the following:
  1. The primary entry to the dwelling unit shall be on an accessible route unless exempted by site impracticality tests in Section 1150A.
  2. At least one powder room or bathroom shall be located on the primary entry level, served by an accessible route and shall comply with the provisions in Division IV.
  3. All rooms or spaces located on the primary entry level shall be served by an accessible route and shall comply with the provisions in Division IV. Rooms and spaces located on the primary entry level and subject to this chapter may include but are not limited to kitchens, powder rooms, bathrooms, living rooms, bedrooms or hallways.
  4. Common use areas covered by this section shall be accessible as required by this chapter. Public use areas as defined in Chapter 2 of this code are subject to provisions of the Division of the State Architect (DSA-AC) and are referenced in Section 1.9.1.1.
    The minimum number of multifamily dwelling units which must comply with this section shall be calculated using the total number of all multistory dwelling units in buildings on a site which are subject to this section. Any fraction thereof shall be rounded to the next highest whole number.

1102A.3.2 Multistory Dwelling Units in Buildings With One or More Elevators

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Multistory dwelling units contained in buildings with elevators shall comply with this section. For multistory dwelling units in buildings with elevators, the story of the unit that is served by the building elevator is considered a ground floor and the primary entry floor to the unit and shall comply with the following:
  1. At least 1 powder room or bathroom shall be located on the primary entry level.
  2. At least 1 kitchen shall be located on the primary entry level.
  3. All rooms or spaces located on the primary entry level shall be served by an accessible route and shall comply with Division IV.

1102A.4 Temporary Restrictions

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During periods of partial or restricted use of a building or facility, the entrances used for primary access shall be accessible to and usable by persons with disabilities.

Section 1103A Design and Construction

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1103A.1 General

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When buildings are required to be accessible, they shall be designed and constructed as provided in this chapter.

Section 1104A Covered Multifamily Dwellings

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1104A.1 General

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All ground-floor dwelling units in nonelevator buildings shall be adaptable and on an accessible route, unless an accessible route is not required as determined by site impracticality provisions in Section 1150A. For buildings with elevators, see Section 1106A.

     Multistory dwelling units shall comply with Section 1102A.3.

1104A.2 Ground Floors Above Grade

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Where the first floor containing dwelling units in a building is above grade, all units on that floor shall be served by an accessible route. This floor will be considered a ground floor and all dwelling units are considered covered multifamily dwelling units.

Exception: Carriage units as defined in Chapter 2 and regulated only by the Department of Housing and Community Development as referenced in Section 1.8.2.1.2.

     Multistory dwelling units shall comply with Section 1102A.3.

Section 1105A Garages, Carports and Parking Facilities

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1105A.1 General

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Garages, carports and other parking facilities, which are accessory to covered multifamily dwelling units, shall be accessible as required in Section 1109A.

Section 1106A Site and Building Characteristics

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1106A.1 General

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Covered multifamily dwellings with elevators shall be designed and constructed to provide at least one accessible entrance on an accessible route, regardless of terrain or unusual characteristics of the site. Covered multifamily dwellings without elevators shall be designed and constructed to provide at least one accessible entrance on an accessible route unless terrain or unusual characteristics of the site prevent an accessible route based on the conditions listed below:
  1. Accessible entrance. Regardless of site considerations described in Section 1150A, an accessible entrance on an accessible route is required when there is an elevator connecting the parking area with the dwelling units on a ground floor. (In this case, those dwelling units on the ground floor served by an elevator, and at least one of each type of public- and common-use areas, would be subject to these requirements.)
  2. Elevator building. When a building elevator or elevators are provided as a means of access to dwelling units other than dwelling units on a ground floor (see Section 1104A.2), the building is an elevator building. All dwelling units become covered multifamily dwellings in that building. The elevator in that building must provide accessibility to all dwelling units in the building, regardless of the slope of the natural terrain. For multistory dwelling units in buildings with one or more elevators, see Section 1102A.3.2.

    Note: Where a building elevator is provided only as means of creating an accessible route to covered multifamily dwelling units on a ground floor, the building is not considered to be an elevator building, only dwelling units located on the ground floor shall be required to comply with this chapter.
  3. Elevated walkway. When an elevated walkway is planned between a building entrance and a vehicular or pedestrian arrival point, and the planned walkway has a slope no greater than 10 percent (1 unit vertical in 10 units horizontal), the floor being served by the elevated walkway becomes a ground floor and accessibility to all dwellings on that ground floor is required.

    Note: Since the planned walkway meets the 10 percent slope criterion, it is required to provide an accessible route to the entrance, and the slope of the walkway must be reduced to 1 unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (8.33 percent slope) maximum.

1106A.2 Site Impracticality

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For tests to determine site impracticality due to terrain considerations in nonelevator buildings, see Section 1150A.

Section 1107A Definitions

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All definitions are located in Chapter 2.

Division II — Exterior Facilities

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Division II Table of Contents
Section 1108A  General Requirements for Accessible Parking and Exterior Routes of Travel
Section 1109A  Parking Facilities 
Section 1110A  Exterior Accessible Routes
Section 1111A  Changes in Level on Accessible Routes
Section 1112A  Curb Ramps on Accessible Routes 
Section 1113A  Walks and Sidewalks on Accessible Routes 
Section 1114A  Exterior Ramps and Landings on Accessible Routes 
Section 1115A  Exterior Stairways
Section 1116A  Hazards on Accessible Routes 

Section 1108A General Requirements for Accessible Parking and Exterior Routes of Travel

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Note: In addition to provisions of this division, exterior routes of travel that provide access to, or egress from, buildings for persons with disabilities shall also comply with Chapter 10.

Section 1109A Parking Facilities

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1109A.1 Accessible Parking Required

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Each parking facility provided for covered multifamily dwellings and facilities (e.g., swimming pools, club houses, recreation areas and laundry rooms) that serve covered multifamily dwellings shall provide accessible parking as required by this section.

1109A.2 Parking Facilities

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Parking facilities shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
  1. Garages
  2. Private garages
  3. Carports
  4. Off-street parking (parking lots/spaces)

1109A.2.1 Private Garages

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Private garages accessory to covered multifamily dwelling units, shall be accessible as required in Section 1109A. Private garages include individual garages and multiple individual garages grouped together.

Exception: A private garage attached to and directly serving a single covered multifamily dwelling unit providing at least one of the following options:
  1. A door leading directly from the covered dwelling unit, which immediately enters the garage. The door shall comply on both sides with Sections 1132A.3 through 1132A.9.
  2. An accessible route of travel from the covered dwelling unit to an exterior door entering the garage. See Section 1132A.1 for requirements at both exit doors.
  3. An accessible route of travel from the dwelling unit's primary entry door to the vehicular entrance at the garage. See Section 1132A.1 for requirements at the primary entry door.

1109A.3 Required Accessible Parking Spaces

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Accessible parking spaces shall be provided at a minimum rate of 2 percent of the covered multifamily dwelling units. At least one space of each type of parking facility shall be made accessible even if the total number exceeds 2 percent.

1109A.4 Assigned Accessible Parking Spaces

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When assigned parking spaces are provided for a resident or a group of residents, at least 2 percent of the assigned parking spaces serving covered multifamily dwelling units shall be accessible in each type of parking facility. At least one space of each type of parking facility shall be made accessible even if the total number exceeds 2 percent. When assigned parking is provided, signage as required by Section 1109A.8.8 shall not be required.

1109A.5 Unassigned and Visitor Parking Spaces

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When parking is provided for covered multifamily dwellings and is not assigned to a resident or a group of residents at least 5 percent of the parking spaces shall be accessible and provide access to grade-level entrances of covered multifamily dwellings and facilities (e.g., swimming pools, club houses, recreation areas, and laundry rooms) that serve covered multifamily dwellings. Accessible parking spaces shall be provided with signage as required by Section 1109A.8.8. Such signage shall not be blocked from view by a vehicle parked in the space.

1109A.6 Requests for Accessible Parking Spaces

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When assigned parking is provided, designated accessible parking for the dwelling unit shall be provided on request of residents with disabilities on the same terms and with the full range of choices (e.g., off-street parking, carport or garage) that are available for other residents.

1109A.7 Location of Accessible Parking Spaces

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The location of accessible parking spaces shall comply with the following:
  1. Accessible parking spaces shall be located on the shortest possible accessible route to an accessible building, or covered multifamily dwelling unit entrance. All van accessible spaces may be grouped on one level of a multilevel parking facility.
  2. When parking facilities are located adjacent to a building with multiple accessible entrances, accessible parking spaces shall be dispersed and located near the accessible building entrances.
  3. When practical, the accessible route shall not cross lanes for vehicular traffic. When crossing vehicle traffic lanes is necessary, the accessible route shall be designated and marked as a crosswalk.
  4. Parking facilities that do not serve a particular building shall have accessible parking spaces located on the shortest possible accessible route to an accessible pedestrian entrance of the parking facility.
  5. Accessible parking spaces shall be located so that persons with disabilities are not compelled to wheel or walk behind parked cars other than their own.

    Exception: When the enforcement agency determines that compliance with this section or providing equivalent facilitation would create an unreasonable hardship, parking spaces may be provided which would require a person with physical disabilities to wheel or walk behind other than accessible parking spaces.

1109A.8 Design and Construction

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Accessible parking required by this section shall be designed and constructed in accordance with Section 1109A.

1109A.8.1 Vertical Clearances

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All entrances, exits and vehicular passageways to and from required accessible parking spaces within parking facilities, shall have a minimum vertical clearance of 8 feet 2 inches (2489 mm) from the floor to the lowest projection of the ceiling. Reflective warning signs complying with Section 1143A for character height shall be installed at transitions from the 8 feet 2 inch ceiling to lower ceiling heights in vehicular passageways in the same parking level.

1109A.8.2 Arrangement of Parking Spaces

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Parking spaces shall be arranged to comply with the following:
  1. In each parking area, a bumper or curb shall be provided and located to prevent encroachment of cars over the required width of walkways.
  2. Ramps, including curb ramps, shall not encroach into any accessible parking space or the adjacent loading and unloading access aisle.

1109A.8.3 Slope of Accessible Parking Spaces and Access Aisles

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Surface slopes of accessible parking spaces and access aisles shall be the minimum possible and shall not exceed 1/4 inch (6.35 mm) per foot (2.083-percent gradient) in any direction.

1109A.8.4 Accessible Parking Space Size

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Accessible parking spaces shall comply with Sections 1109A.8.5 and 1109A.8.6.

1109A.8.5 Accessible Single Parking Space

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Where accessible single spaces are provided, they shall be constructed in accordance with the following:
  1. Single spaces shall be 14 feet (4267 mm) wide minimum, and shall provide a 9-foot (2743 mm) wide parking area and a 5-foot (1524 mm) wide loading and unloading access aisle. Access aisles shall be permitted to be located on either side of the vehicle, and shall extend the full required length of the parking spaces they serve.
  2. When more than one space is provided, two 9-foot (2743 mm) wide parking spaces may be lined on each side of a 5-foot (1524 mm) wide loading and unloading access aisle.
  3. The minimum length of each parking space shall be 18 feet (5486 mm).
  4. The loading and unloading access aisle shall be marked by a border painted blue. Within the blue border, hatched lines a maximum of 36 inches (914 mm) on center shall be painted a color contrasting with the parking surface, preferably blue or white. The words "NO PARKING" shall be painted on the ground within each 5-foot (1524 mm) wide loading and unloading access aisle. This notice shall be painted in white letters no less than 12 inches (305 mm) high and located so that it is visible from the adjacent vehicular way.
Note: See Figures 11A-2A, 11A-2B and 11A-2C.

1109A.8.6 Van Accessible Parking Space

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One in every eight accessible spaces, but not less than one, shall be van accessible and shall be constructed in accordance with the following:
  1. Each van-accessible parking space shall be 17 feet (5181 mm) wide minimum, and shall provide either of the following:
    1. A 12-foot (3658 mm) wide minimum parking area and a 5-foot (1524 mm) wide minimum loading and unloading access aisle.
    2. A 9-foot (2743 mm) wide minimum parking area and an 8-foot (2438 mm) wide minimum loading and unloading access aisle.
         Access aisles shall be located on the passenger side of the vehicle with the vehicle parked in the forward position, and shall extend the full required length of the parking spaces they serve.
  2. The minimum length of each space shall be 18 feet (5486 mm).
  3. Each space shall be designated "van accessible" as required by Section 1109A.8.8.
  4. All van accessible spaces may be grouped on one level of a multilevel parking facility.
  5. The loading and unloading access aisle shall be marked by a border painted blue. Within the blue border, hatched lines a maximum of 36 inches (914 mm) on center shall be painted a color contrasting with the parking surface, preferably blue or white. The words "NO PARKING" shall be painted on the ground within each loading and unloading access aisle. This notice shall be painted in white letters no less than 12 inches (305 mm) high and located so that it is visible from the adjacent vehicular way.

    Note: See Figures 11A-2A, 11A-2B and 11A-2C.

1109A.8.7 Adjacent Parking

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Parking spaces adjacent to accessible parking spaces shall not be considered as loading and unloading access aisles.

1109A.8.8 Identification

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Each accessible parking space shall be identified with signage and surface marking in accordance with Sections 1109A.8.8.1 and 1109A.8.8.2.

1109A.8.8.1 Parking Signage

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Each accessible parking space reserved for persons with disabilities shall be identified by a reflective sign consisting of the "International Symbol of Accessibility" complying with Section 1143A.8. The sign shall not be smaller than 70 square inches (4516 mm2) in area, and shall be posted 60 inches minimum above the finish floor or ground surface, measured to the bottom of the sign. Signs located on accessible routes shall be posted at a minimum height of 80 inches (2032 mm) above the finish floor or ground surface of the accessible route, measured to the bottom of the sign.

     Signs identifying accessible parking spaces shall be visible from each parking space they serve, and shall be permanently posted immediately adjacent to the parking space or within the projected parking space width at the head end of the parking space. Signs may also be permanently posted on a wall at the interior end of the parking space.

     Van accessible spaces shall comply with Section 1109A.8.6 and shall have an additional sign or additional language stating "Van Accessible" below the symbol of accessibility.

     An additional sign shall also be posted in a conspicuous place at each entrance to off-street parking facilities or immediately adjacent to and visible from each accessible stall or space. The sign shall not be less than 17 inches (432 mm) by 22 inches (559 mm) in size with lettering not less than 1 inch (25.4 mm) in height, and shall clearly and conspicuously state the following:

"Unauthorized vehicles parked in designated accessible spaces not displaying distinguishing placards or special license plates issued for persons with disabilities will be towed away at the owner's expense. Towed vehicles may be reclaimed at ____________________ or by telephoning__________."

Blank spaces are to be filled in with appropriate information as a permanent part of the sign.

1109A.8.8.2 Parking Space Marking

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In addition to the signage requirements, each accessible parking space shall have a surface identification complying with either of the following:
  1. The parking space shall be outlined or painted blue, and shall be marked with the "International Symbol of Accessibility" in white or a suitable contrasting color. The "International Symbol of Accessibility" shall be 36 inches (914 mm) wide by 36 inches (914 mm) high minimum, with the centerline 6 inches (152 mm) maximum from the centerline of the parking space, its sides parallel to the length of the parking space, and its lower side aligned with the end of the parking space.
  2. The parking space shall be marked with the "International Symbol of Accessibility", in white on a blue background, 36 inches (914 mm) wide by 36 inches (914 mm) high minimum in size. The centerline of the "International Symbol of Accessibility" shall be 6 inches (152 mm) maximum from the centerline of the parking space, its sides shall be parallel to the length of the parking space, and its lower side shall be aligned with the end of the parking space length.
Note: See Figures 11A-2A, 11A-2B and 11A-2C.

Section 1110A Exterior Accessible Routes

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1110A.1 General

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When a building or portion of a building is required to be accessible or adaptable, an accessible route shall be provided to all portions of the building, accessible building entrances and between the building and the public way. The accessible route shall be the most practical direct route and to the maximum extent feasible, coincide with the route for the general public and building residents.

Exterior accessible routes shall be provided as follows:
  1. At least one accessible route within the boundary of the site shall be provided from public transportation stops, accessible parking and accessible passenger loading and unloading zones, and public streets or sidewalks to the accessible building entrance they serve. Where more than one route of travel is provided, all routes shall be accessible.
  2. At least one accessible route shall connect accessible buildings, facilities, elements and spaces that are on the same site. Accessible routes shall be provided between accessible buildings and accessible site facilities when more than one building or facility is located on a site.
  3. At least one accessible route shall connect accessible building or facility entrances with all accessible spaces, elements, and covered multifamily dwelling units.
  4. An accessible route shall connect at least one accessible entrance of each covered multifamily dwelling unit with exterior spaces and facilities that serve the dwelling unit.
  5. Where elevators are provided for vertical access, all elevators shall be accessible. See Section 1124A.

    Note: If the slope of the finished grade between covered multifamily dwellings and site arrival points, public use or common use facilities (including parking) exceeds 1 unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (8.33-percent slope), or where other physical barriers (natural or artificial) or legal restrictions, all of which are outside the control of the owner, prevent the installation of an accessible route, an acceptable alternative is to provide access by a vehicular route, provided:
    1. There is accessible parking on an accessible route for at least 2 percent of the covered multifamily dwelling units, and
    2. Necessary site provisions such as parking spaces and curb ramps are provided at the public use or common use facility.

1110A.2 Signs

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At every primary public entrance and at every major junction where the accessible route diverges from the circulation path along or leading to an accessible route, entrance or facility, there shall be a sign displaying the "International Symbol of Accessibility." Signs shall indicate the direction to accessible building entrances and facilities and shall comply with the requirements found in Section 1143A.

1110A.3 Floor and Ground Surfaces

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Floor and ground surfaces shall be stable, firm, and slip resistant. If carpet or carpet tile is used in a common-use area or public-use area on a ground or floor surface, it shall have firm backing or no backing. Carpet or carpet tile shall have a level loop, textured loop, level cut pile, or level cut/uncut pile texture. The maximum pile height shall be 1/2 inch (12.7 mm). Exposed edges of carpet shall be fastened to floor surfaces and have trim along the entire length of the exposed edge. Carpet edge trim shall comply with Section 1111A requirements for changes in level.

1110A.3.1 Recessed Doormats

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Recessed doormats shall be adequately anchored to prevent interference with wheelchair traffic.

1110A.4 Exterior Accessible Routes Over 200 Feet

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Exterior accessible routes that exceed 200 feet (60 960 mm) in length shall comply with Section 1138A.1.2. (See Figure 11A-1L)

Section 1111A Changes in Level on Accessible Routes

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1111A.1 Changes in level not exceeding 1/2 inch

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Abrupt changes in level along any accessible route shall not exceed 1/2 inch (12.7 mm). When changes in level do occur, they shall be beveled with a slope no greater than 1 unit vertical in 2 units horizontal (50-percent slope). Changes in level not exceeding 1/4 inch (6.35 mm) may be vertical.

1111A.2 Changes greater than 1/2 inch

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Changes in level greater than 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) shall be made by means of a sloped surface not greater than 1 unit vertical in 20 units horizontal (5-percent slope), or a curb ramp, ramp, elevator or platform (wheelchair) lift. Stairs shall not be part of an accessible route. When stairs are located along or adjacent to an accessible route they shall comply with Section 1115A for exterior stairways.

Section 1112A Curb Ramps on Accessible Routes

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Diagram

1112A.1 General

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Curb ramps within the boundary of the site shall be constructed at each corner of street intersections and where a pedestrian way crosses a curb. The preferred and recommended location for curb ramps is in the center of the crosswalk of each street corner. Where it is necessary to locate a curb ramp in the center of the curb return, the street surfaces shall be marked to identify pedestrian crosswalks, and the lower end of the curb ramp shall terminate within such crosswalk areas. Curb ramps do not require handrails.

1112A.2 Obstructions

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Curb ramps shall be located or protected to prevent obstruction by parked cars. Built-up curb ramps shall be located so that they do not project into vehicular traffic lanes, parking spaces, or the adjacent loading and unloading access aisle.

1112A.3 Width of Curb Ramps

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Curb ramps shall be a minimum of 48 inches (1219 mm) in width.

1112A.4 Diagonal Curb Ramps

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
If diagonal (or corner-type) curb ramps have returned curbs or other well-defined edges, such edges shall be parallel to the direction of pedestrian flow. The bottom of diagonal curb ramps shall have a 48-inch (1219 mm) minimum clear space as shown in Figures 11A-3A through 11A-3L. If diagonal curb ramps are provided at marked crossings, the 48-inch (1219 mm) clear space shall be within the markings (see Figures 11A-3A through 11A-3L). If diagonal curb ramps have flared sides, they shall also have at least a 24-inch-long (610 mm) segment of straight curb located on each side of the curb ramp and within the marked crossing. See Figures 11A-3A through 11A-3L.

1112A.5 Slope of Curb Ramps

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The slope of curb ramps shall not exceed 1 unit vertical to 12 units horizontal (8.33-percent slope) and shall lie, generally, in a single sloped plane. Transitions from ramps to walks, gutters or streets shall be flush and free of abrupt changes. Maximum slopes of adjoining gutters, road surface immediately adjacent to the curb ramp, or accessible route shall not exceed 1 unit vertical to 20 units horizontal (5-percent slope) within 4 feet (1219 mm) of the top and bottom of the curb ramp.

     If a curb ramp is located where pedestrians must walk across the ramp, then it shall have flared sides; the maximum slope of the flare shall be 1 unit vertical in 10 units horizontal (10-percent slope). Curb ramps with returned curbs may be used where pedestrians would not normally walk across the ramp. See Figures 11A-3A through 11A-3L.

1112A.6 Level Landing

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
A level landing 48 inches (1219 mm) deep shall be provided at the upper end of each curb ramp over its full width to permit safe egress from the ramp surface, or the slope of the fanned or flared sides of the curb ramp, shall not exceed 1 unit vertical to 12 units horizontal (8.33-percent slope).

1112A.7 Finish

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The surface of each curb ramp and its flared sides shall be stable, firm and slip-resistant and shall be of contrasting finish from that of the adjacent sidewalk.

1112A.8 Border

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
All curb ramps shall have a grooved border 12 inches (305 mm) wide at the level surface of the sidewalk along the top and each side approximately 3/4 inch (19 mm) on center. All curb ramps constructed between the face of the curb and the street shall have a grooved border at the level surface of the sidewalk. See Figures 11A-3A through 11A-3K.

1112A.9 Detectable Warnings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

Section 1113A Walks and Sidewalks on Accessible Routes

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1113A.1 Width and Continuous Surface

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Walks and sidewalks subject to this chapter shall have a continuous common surface, not interrupted by steps or by abrupt changes in level exceeding 1/2 inch (12.7 mm). (See Section 1111A).

     Walking surfaces shall be stable, firm, and slip resistant, and shall comply with Section 1110A.3.

1113A.1.1 Width

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Walks and sidewalks shall be a minimum of 48 inches (1219 mm) in width, except that walks serving an individual dwelling unit in covered multifamily buildings may be reduced to 36 inches (914 mm) in clear width except at doors.

1113A.1.2 Surface Cross Slopes

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Surface cross slopes shall not exceed 1 unit vertical in 48 units horizontal (2.083-percent slope).

1113A.2 Walks With Continuous Gradients

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
All walks on an accessible route with continuous gradients shall have level areas at least 60 inches (1524 mm) in length at intervals of at least every 400 feet (122 m).

1113A.3 Five Percent Gradient

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
When the slope in the direction of travel of any walk on an accessible route exceeds 1 unit vertical in 20 units horizontal (5-percent slope), it shall comply with the ramp provisions of Section 1114A.

1113A.4 Level Areas

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Walks on an accessible route shall be provided with a level area at each side of a door or gate. Level areas shall comply with the applicable requirements for maneuvering clearances in Section 1126A.3.

1113A.5 Gratings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Walks, sidewalks and pedestrian ways on an accessible route shall be free of gratings whenever possible. Gratings located in the surface of any of these areas, grid openings in gratings shall be limited to 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) in the direction of traffic. Elongated openings in gratings shall be placed so that the long dimension is perpendicular to the dominant direction of traffic.

Exceptions:
  1. Where the enforcement agency determines that compliance with this section would create an unreasonable hardship, an exception may be granted when equivalent facilitation is provided.
  2. This section shall not apply in those conditions where, due to legal or physical constraints, all or portions of the site of the project will not allow compliance with these building standards or equivalent facilitation on all or portions of one site without creating an unreasonable hardship.

1113A.6 Handrails

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails provided along walking surfaces with running slopes not steeper than one unit vertical in 20 units horizontal (5-percent slope) shall comply with Section 1114A.6.

Section 1114A Exterior Ramps and Landings on Accessible Routes

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1114A.1 Width

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The clear width of ramps shall be consistent with the requirements in Chapter 10 of this code, but in no case shall be less than 48 inches (1219 mm)

     Handrails may project into the required clear width of the ramp at each side 31/2 inches (89 mm) maximum at the handrail height. Curbs, wheel guides and/or appurtenances shall not project into the required clear width of ramps.

Exception: The clear width of ramps serving accessible entrances to covered multifamily dwellings with an occupant load of 10 or less may be 36 inches (914 mm) minimum between handrails.

Note: See Section 1114A.6.2.4 for handrail projections.

1114A.2 Slope

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The maximum slope of ramps on an accessible route shall be no greater than 1 unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (8.33-percent slope). Transitions from ramps to walks, gutters or streets shall be flush and free of abrupt changes.

Exception: Ramps serving decks, patios or balconies as specified in Section 1132A.4.

1114A.2.1 Cross Slope

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The cross slope of ramp surfaces shall be no greater than 1 unit vertical in 48 units horizontal (2.083-percent slope).

1114A.3 Outdoor Ramps

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Outdoor ramps, ramp landings and their approaches shall be designed so that water will not accumulate on the walking surface.

1114A.4 Landings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Ramp landings shall be level and comply with this section.

1114A.4.1 Location of Landings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Landings shall be provided at the top and bottom of each ramp. Intermediate landings shall be provided at intervals not exceeding 30 inches (762 mm) of vertical rise and at each change of direction. Landings are not considered in determining the maximum horizontal distance of each ramp.

Note: Examples of ramp dimensions are:

SLOPE
(Grading %)
MAXIMUM RISE
(Inches)
MAXIMUM HORIZONTAL
PROJECTION (Feet)
(x 25.4 for mm) (x 304.8) for mm)
1:12 (8.33%)
1:15 (6.67%)
1:16 (6.25%)
1:20 (5.00%)
30
30
30
30
30
37.5
40
50

1114A.4.2 Size of Top Landings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Top landings shall not be less than 60 inches (1524 mm) wide. Top landings shall have a minimum length of not less than 60 inches (1524 mm) in the direction of the ramp run. See Section 1126A.3 for maneuvering clearances at doors.

1114A.4.3 Size of Bottom and Intermediate Landings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The minimum width of bottom and intermediate landings shall not be less than the width of the ramp.

     Intermediate landings shall have a length in the direction of ramp run of not less than 60 inches (1524 mm). Bottom landings shall have a length in the direction of ramp run of not less than 72 inches (1829 mm).

1114A.4.4 Encroachment of Doors

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Diagram
Doors in any position shall not reduce the minimum dimension of the landing to less than 42 inches (1067 mm) and shall not reduce the required width by more than 3 inches (76.2 mm) when fully open. (See Figure 11A-6D).

1114A.4.5 Strike Edge Extension

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The width of the landing shall comply with Section 1126A.3 for strike edge extension and maneuvering clearance at doors.

     Where doorways are located adjacent to a ramp landing, maneuvering clearance required by Section 1126A.3 shall be permitted to overlap the required landing area.

1114A.4.6 Change of Direction

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Intermediate landings at a change of direction shall be sized to provide 60 inches turning space complying with Section 1138A.1.3. Intermediate landings at a change of direction in excess of 30 degrees shall have a length in the direction of ramp run of not less than 72 inches (1829 mm). (See Figures 11A-6C and 11A-6D.)

1114A.5 Ramp Height

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Ramps more than 30 inches (762 mm) above the adjacent floor or ground and open on one or both sides shall be provided with guardrails as required by Section 1013. Guardrails shall be continuous from the top of the ramp to the bottom of the ramp.

1114A.6 Ramp Handrails

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1114A.6.1 Where Required

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails shall be provided at each side of ramps when the slope exceeds 1 unit vertical in 20 units horizontal (5-percent slope).

Exceptions:
  1. Curb ramps.
  2. Ramps that serve an individual dwelling unit may have one handrail, except that ramps open on one or both sides shall have handrails provided on the open side or sides.
  3. Ramps at exterior door landings with less than 6 inches (152 mm) rise or less than 72 inches (1829 mm) in length.

1114A.6.2 Handrail Configuration

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Diagram

1114A.6.2.1 Handrail Heights

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The top of handrails shall be 34 to 38 inches (864 to 965 mm) above the ramp surface.

1114A.6.2.2 Handrail Continuity

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails on all ramps shall be continuous within the full length of each ramp run. Inside handrails on switchback or dogleg ramps shall be continuous between ramp runs.

1114A.6.2.3 Handrail Extensions

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails shall extend a minimum of 12 inches (305 mm) horizontally above landings, beyond the top and bottom of the ramp runs. Extensions shall return to a wall, guard, or the walking surface, or shall be continuous to the handrail of an adjacent ramp run. Handrail extensions shall be in the same direction as the ramp runs. (See Figure 11A-5A.)

1114A.6.2.4 Handrail Projections

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails projecting from a wall shall have a space of 11/2 inches (38.1 mm) minimum between the wall and the handrail.

     Handrails may be located in a recess if the recess is a maximum of 3 inches (76.2 mm) deep and extends at least 18 inches (457 mm) above the top of the rail. Any wall or other surface adjacent to the handrail shall be free of sharp or abrasive elements. (See Figure 11A-6B.)

1114A.6.2.5 Handrail Gripping Surfaces

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrail gripping surfaces shall be continuous along their length, and shall not be obstructed along their tops or sides. The bottoms of handrail gripping surfaces shall not be obstructed for more than 20 percent of their length. When provided, horizontal projections shall occur 11/2 inches (38 mm) minimum below the bottom of the handrail gripping surface. The distance between horizontal projections and the bottom of the gripping surface shall be permitted to be reduced by 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) for each 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) of additional handrail perimeter dimension that exceeds 4 inches (102 mm).

     Handrail gripping surfaces and any surfaces adjacent to them shall be free of sharp or abrasive elements, and shall have rounded edges.

Exception: Where handrails are provided along walking surfaces with slopes not steeper than 1 unit vertical in 20 units horizontal, the bottoms of handrail gripping surfaces shall be permitted to be obstructed along their entire length where they are integral to crash rails or bumper guards.

1114A.6.2.6 Cross Section

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Diagram
Handrail gripping surfaces shall comply with this section, or the shape shall provide equivalent gripping surface.
  1. Circular cross section. The handrail gripping surfaces with a circular cross section shall not be less than 11/4 inches (31.75 mm) nor more than 2 inches (50.8 mm) in cross-sectional dimension.
  2. Noncircular cross section. Handrail gripping surfaces with a noncircular cross section shall have a perimeter dimension of 4 inches (102 mm) minimum and 61/4 inches (159 mm) maximum, and a cross-section dimension of 21/4 inches (57 mm) maximum.

1114A.6.2.7 Fittings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails shall not rotate within their fittings.

1114A.7 Edge Protection

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Diagram
Ramps and ramp landings shall be provided with a continuous and uninterrupted barrier on each side along the entire length in compliance with Sections 1010.10 and 1010.10.1. (See Figure 11A-5A.)

Note: Extended floors or ground surfaces, as permitted in Section 1010.10.2, are not allowed for ramps and ramp landings part of an accessible route.

Section 1115A Exterior Stairways

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1115A.1 General

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Exterior stairways serving buildings on a site containing covered multifamily dwelling units shall comply with this section.

1115A.2 Open Risers

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Open risers are not permitted on exterior stairways.

Exceptions:
  1. An opening of not more than 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) may be permitted between the base of the riser and the tread.
  2. Risers constructed of grating containing openings of not more than 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) may be permitted.

1115A.3 Treads

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
All tread surfaces shall be stable, firm and slip resistant, and shall comply with Section 1110A.3. Treads shall have smooth, rounded or chamfered exposed edges, and no abrupt edges at the nosing (lower front edge).

1115A.4 Nosing

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Nosing shall not project more than 11/4 inches (31.8 mm) past the face of the riser below. Risers shall be sloped or the underside of the nosing shall have an angle not more than 30 degrees (0.52 rad) from the vertical. (See Figure 11A-6A).

1115A.5 Striping for the Visually Impaired

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Exterior stairs serving buildings on a site containing multifamily dwelling units shall have the upper approach and all treads marked by a stripe providing clear visual contrast.

     The stripe shall be a minimum of 2 inches (50.8 mm) wide to a maximum of 4 inches (101.6 mm) wide placed parallel to, and not more than 1 inch (25.4 mm) from, the nose of the step or upper approach. The stripe shall extend the full width of the step or upper approach and shall be of material that is at least as slip resistant as the other treads of the stair. A painted stripe shall be acceptable. Grooves shall not be used to satisfy this requirement.

1115A.6 Exterior Stairway Handrails

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1115A.6.1 Where Required

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Stairways shall have handrails on each side. Intermediate handrails shall be located equidistant from the sides of the stairway and comply with Section 1012.9.

Exception: Stairways serving an individual dwelling unit may have one handrail, except that stairways open on one or both sides shall have handrails on the open side or sides.

1115A.6.2 Handrail Configuration

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1115A.6.2.1 Handrail Heights

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The top of handrails shall be 34 to 38 inches (864 to 965 mm) above the nosing of the treads.

1115A.6.2.2 Handrail Continuity

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails on all stairways shall be continuous within the full length of each stair flight. Inside handrails on switchback or dogleg stairs shall be continuous between stair flights.

1115A.6.2.3 Handrail Extensions

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
At the top of stair flights, handrails shall extend a minimum of 12 inches (305 mm) horizontally above landings, beginning directly above the first riser nosing. Extensions shall return to a wall, guard, or the walking surface, or shall be continuous to the handrail of an adjacent stair flight. At the bottom of stair flights, handrails shall extend at the slope of the stair flight for a distance equal to one tread depth beyond the last riser nosing. Such extension shall continue with 12 inches (305 mm) minimum horizontal extension, shall be continuous to the handrail of an adjacent stair flight, or shall return to a wall, guard, or the walking surface. Handrail horizontal extensions shall be in the same direction as the stair flights. (See Figures 11A-6A and 11A-6E.)

1115A.6.2.4 Handrail Projections

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails projecting from a wall shall have a space of 11/2 inches (38.1 mm) minimum between the wall and the handrail.

     Handrails may be located in a recess if the recess is a maximum of 3 inches (76.2 mm) deep and extends at least 18 inches (457 mm) above the top of the rail. Any wall or other surface adjacent to the handrail shall be free of sharp or abrasive elements. (See Figure 11A-6B.)

1115A.6.2.5 Handrail Gripping Surfaces

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrail gripping surfaces shall be continuous along their length, and shall not be obstructed along their tops or sides. The bottoms of handrail gripping surfaces shall not be obstructed for more than 20 percent of their length. When provided, horizontal projections shall occur 11/2 inches (38.1 mm) minimum below the bottom of the handrail gripping surface. The distance between horizontal projections and the bottom of the gripping surface shall be permitted to be reduced by 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) for each 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) of additional handrail perimeter dimension that exceeds 4 inches (102 mm).

     Handrail gripping surfaces and any surfaces adjacent to them shall be free of sharp or abrasive elements, and shall have rounded edges.

1115A.6.2.6 Cross Section

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrail gripping surfaces shall comply with this section, or the shape shall provide equivalent gripping surface.
  1. Circular cross section. Handrail gripping surfaces with a circular cross section shall not be less than 11/4 inches (31.75 mm) nor more than 2 inches (50.8 mm) in cross-sectional dimension.
  2. Noncircular cross section. Handrail gripping surfaces with a noncircular cross section shall have a perimeter dimension of 4 inches (102 mm) minimum and 61/4 inches (159 mm) maximum, and a cross-section dimension of 21/4 inches (57 mm) maximum.

1115A.6.2.7 Fittings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails shall not rotate within their fittings.

Section 1116A Hazards on Accessible Routes

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1116A.1 Warning Curbs

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Abrupt changes in level exceeding 4 inches (101.6 mm) in vertical dimension, such as changes in level at planters or fountains located in or adjacent to walks, sidewalks or other pedestrian ways shall be identified by curbs or other approved barriers projecting at least 6 inches (152.4 mm) in height above the walk or sidewalk surface to warn the blind of a potential drop-off.

Exceptions:
  1. Between a walk or sidewalk and an adjacent street or driveway.
  2. When a guardrail or handrail is provided with edge protection in accordance with Section 1010.10.1.

1116A.2 Headroom Clearance

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Walks, pedestrian ways, and other circulation spaces, which are part of the required egress system, shall have a minimum clear headroom as required in Section 1003.2. Other walks, pedestrian ways, and circulation spaces shall have a minimum clear headroom of 80 inches (2032 mm). If the vertical clearance of an area adjoining an accessible route is reduced to less than 80 inches (2032 mm), a guardrail or other barrier having its leading edge at or below 27 inches (686 mm) above the finished floor shall be provided.

Exception: Doorways and archways less than 24 inches (610 mm) in depth may have a minimum clear headroom of 80 inches (2032 mm). (See Section 1126A for door requirements.)

1116A.3 Overhanging Obstructions

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Any obstruction that overhangs a pedestrian way shall be a minimum of 80 inches (2032 mm) above the walking surface as measured from the bottom of the obstruction. (See Figure 11A-1B.) Where a guy support is used parallel to a path of travel, including, but not limited to, sidewalks, a guy brace, sidewalk guy or similar device shall be used to prevent an overhanging obstruction. (See Section 1116A.2 for required headroom clearance.)

Exception: Door closers and door stops shall be permitted to be 78 inches (1981 mm) minimum above the finish floor or ground.

1116A.4 Free-Standing Signs

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Wherever signs mounted on posts or pylons protrude from the post or pylons and the bottom edge of the sign is less than 80 inches (2032 mm) above the finished floor or ground level, the edges of such signs shall be rounded or eased and the corners shall have a minimum radius of 0.125 inches (see Section 1116A.2 for required headroom clearance).

1116A.5 Detectable Warnings at Vehicular Areas

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
When a walk crosses or adjoins a vehicular way, the walking surface shall be separated from the vehicular area by curbs, railings or other elements, or the boundary between the pedestrian areas and the vehicular areas shall be defined by a continuous detectable warning 36 inches (914 mm) wide minimum, complying with Chapter 11B, Section 11B-705.

Division III — Building Features

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Division III Table of Contents
Section 1117A General Requirements for Accessible Entrances, Exits, Interior Routes of Travel and Facility Accessibility
Section 1118A Egress and Areas of Refuge
Section 1119A Interior Accessible Routes
Section 1120A Reserved
Section 1121A Changes in Level on Accessible Routes
Section 1122A Interior Ramps and Landings on Accessible Routes
Section 1123A Interior Stairways
Section 1124A Elevators and Platform (Wheelchair) Lifts
Section 1125A Hazards on Accessible Routes
Section 1126A Doors, Gates and Windows
Section 1127A Common Use Facilities

Section 1117A General Requirements for Accessible Entrances, Exits, Interior Routes of Travel and Facility Accessibility

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Diagram
Note: In addition to provisions of this division, interior routes of travel that provide access to, or egress from, buildings for persons with disabilities shall also comply with Chapter 10.

1117A.1 General

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
When buildings are required to be accessible, building facilities shall be accessible as provided in this division. Where specific floors of a building are required to be accessible, the requirements of this division shall apply only to the facilities located on accessible floors.

1117A.2 Primary Entrances and Exterior Exit Doors

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
All primary entrances and exterior ground floor exit doors to buildings and facilities on accessible routes shall be accessible to persons with disabilities.

1117A.3 Separate Dwelling Unit Entrances

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
When a ground-floor dwelling unit of a building has a separate entrance, each such ground-floor dwelling unit shall be served by an accessible route, except where the terrain or unusual characteristics of the site prohibit an accessible route (see Section 1150A for site impracticality tests).

1117A.4 Multiple Entrances

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Only one entrance to covered multifamily buildings is required to be accessible to any one ground floor of a building, except in cases where an individual dwelling unit has a separate exterior entrance. Where the building contains clusters of dwelling units with each cluster sharing a different exterior entrance, more than one entrance may be required to be accessible, as determined by analysis of the site. In every case, the accessible entrance shall be on an accessible route to the covered dwelling units it serves.

1117A.5 Entrances From Parking Structures, Tunnels or Elevated Walkways

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Where direct access for pedestrians is provided from a parking structure to a building or facility, each direct access to the building or facility entrance shall be accessible.

     Where direct access for pedestrians is provided from a pedestrian tunnel or elevated walkway to a building or facility, all entrances to the building or facility from each tunnel or walkway shall be accessible.

Section 1118A Egress and Areas of Refuge

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Diagram

1118A.1 General

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Including but not limited to the requirements contained in this chapter for accessible routes, signage and emergency warning systems in buildings or portions of buildings required to be accessible shall be provided with accessible means of egress as required by Chapter 10. (See Section 1007.)

Section 1119A Interior Accessible Routes

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1119A.1 General

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Diagram
When a building or portion of a building is required to be accessible or adaptable, an accessible route shall be provided to all portions of the building, accessible building entrances and to covered multifamily dwelling units. The accessible route shall, to the maximum extent feasible, coincide with the route for the general public and other building residents. Accessible routes shall not pass through kitchens, storage rooms, restrooms, closets or other spaces used for similar purposes except within an individual dwelling unit.

Interior accessible routes shall be provided as follows:
  1. Where more than one route of travel is provided, all routes shall be accessible.
  2. At least one accessible route shall connect accessible building or facility entrances with all accessible spaces, elements and covered multifamily dwelling units.
  3. An accessible route shall connect at least one accessible primary entrance of each covered multifamily dwelling unit with interior and exterior spaces and facilities that serve the unit.
  4. Where elevators are provided for vertical access, all elevators shall be accessible.

1119A.2 Floor and Ground Surfaces

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Floor and ground surfaces shall be stable, firm, and slip resistant. If carpet or carpet tile is used in a common use area or public use area on a ground or floor surface, it shall have firm backing or no backing. Carpet or carpet tile shall have a level loop, textured loop, level cut pile, or level cut/uncut pile texture. The maximum pile height shall be 1/2 inch (12.7 mm). Exposed edges of carpet shall be fastened to floor surfaces and have trim along the entire length of the exposed edge. Carpet edge trim shall comply with Section 1121A requirements for changes in level.

1119A.2.1 Recessed Doormats

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Recessed doormats shall be adequately anchored to prevent interference with wheelchair traffic.

1119A.3 Widths

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Interior accessible routes serving an occupant load of 10 or more shall not be less than 44 inches (1118 mm) in width. Interior accessible routes serving an occupant load of less than 10 shall not be less than 36 inches (914 mm) in width.

     If a person in a wheelchair must make a turn around a corner or an obstruction, the minimum clear width of the accessible route shall be as specified in Section 1138A.1.5.

1119A.4 Interior Accessible Routes Over 200 Feet

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Interior accessible routes that exceed 200 feet (60 960 mm) in length shall comply with Section 1138A.1.2. (See Figure 11A-1L.)

1119A.5 Changes in Elevation

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Interior accessible routes which have changes in elevation shall be transitioned and comply with Sections 1121A or 1122A.

Exception: Doors and thresholds as provided in Section 1126A.

Section 1120A Reserved

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

Section 1121A Changes in Level on Accessible Routes

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1121A.1 Changes in level not exceeding 1/2 inch

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Abrupt changes in level along any accessible route shall not exceed 1/2 inch (12.7 mm). When changes in level do occur, they shall be beveled with a slope no greater than 1 unit vertical in 2 units horizontal (50-percent slope). Changes in level not exceeding 1/4 inch (6.35 mm) may be vertical.

1121A.2 Changes greater than 1/2 inch

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Changes in level greater than 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) shall be made by means of a sloped surface not greater than 1 unit vertical in 20 units horizontal (5-percent slope), or a curb ramp, ramp, elevator or platform (wheelchair) lift. Stairs shall not be part of an accessible route. When stairs are located along or adjacent to an accessible route they shall comply with Section 1123A for interior stairways.

Section 1122A Interior Ramps and Landings on Accessible Routes

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1122A.1 Width

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The clear width of ramps shall be consistent with the requirements in Chapter 10 of this code, but in no case shall be less than 48 inches (1219 mm).

     Handrails may project into the required clear width of the ramp at each side 31/2 inches (89 mm) maximum at the handrail height. Curbs, wheel guides and/or appurtenances shall not project into the required clear width of ramps.

Exception: The clear width of ramps serving accessible entrances to covered multifamily dwellings with an occupant load of 10 or less may be 36 inches (914 mm) minimum between handrails.

Note: See Section 1122A.5.2.4 for handrail projections.

1122A.2 Slope

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The maximum slope of ramps on an accessible route shall be no greater than 1 unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (8.33-percent slope).

1122A.2.1 Cross Slope

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The cross slope of ramp surfaces shall be no greater than 1 unit vertical in 48 units horizontal (2.083-percent slope).

1122A.3 Landings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Ramp landings shall be level and comply with this section. (See Figure 11A-6C.)

1122A.3.1 Location of Landings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Landings shall be provided at the top and bottom of each ramp. Intermediate landings shall be provided at intervals not exceeding 30 inches (762 mm) of vertical rise and at each change of direction. Landings are not considered in determining the maximum horizontal distance of each ramp.

Note: Examples of ramp dimensions are:

SLOPE
(Grading %)
MAXIMUM RISE
(Inches)
MAXIMUM HORIZONTAL
PROJECTION (Feet)
(x 25.4 for mm) (x 304.8) for mm)
1:12 (8.33%)
1:15 (6.67%)
1:16 (6.25%)
1:20 (5.00%)
30
30
30
30
30
37.5
40
50

1122A.3.2 Size of Top Landings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Top landings shall not be less than 60 inches (1524 mm) wide. Top landings shall have a minimum length of not less than 60 inches (1524 mm) in the direction of the ramp run. See Section 1126A.3 for maneuvering clearances at doors. (See Figure 11A-6C.)

1122A.3.3 Size of Bottom and Intermediate Landings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The minimum width of bottom and intermediate landings shall not be less than the width of the ramp.

     Intermediate landings shall have a length in the direction of ramp run of not less than 60 inches (1524 mm).

     Bottom landings shall have a length in the direction of ramp run of not less than 72 inches (1829 mm).

1122A.3.4 Encroachment of Doors

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Doors in any position shall not reduce the minimum dimension of the landing to less than 42 inches (1067 mm) and shall not reduce the required width by more than 3 inches (76.2 mm) when fully open. (See Figure 11A-6D.)

1122A.3.5 Strike Edge Extension

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The width of the landing shall comply with Section 1126A.3 for maneuvering clearance at doors.

     Where doorways are located adjacent to a ramp landing, maneuvering clearance required by Section 1126A.3 shall be permitted to overlap the required landing area.

1122A.3.6 Change of Direction

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Intermediate landings at a change of direction shall be sized to provide 60 inches turning space complying with Section 1138A.1.3. Intermediate landings at a change of direction in excess of 30 degrees shall have a length in the direction of ramp run of not less than 72 inches (1829 mm). (See Figures 11A-6C and 11A-6D.)

1122A.4 Ramp Height

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Ramps more than 30 inches (762 mm) above the adjacent floor or ground and open on one or both sides shall be provided with a guard as required by Section 1013. Guardrails shall be continuous from the top of the ramp to the bottom of the ramp.

1122A.5 Ramp Handrails

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1122A.5.1 Where Required

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails shall be provided at each side of ramps when the slope exceeds 1 unit vertical in 20 units horizontal (5-percent slope).

Exceptions:
  1. Curb ramps.
  2. Ramps that serve an individual dwelling unit may have one handrail, except that ramps open on one or both sides shall have handrails provided on the open side or sides.

1122A.5.2 Handrail Configuration

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1122A.5.2.1 Handrail Heights

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The top of handrails shall be 34 to 38 inches (864 to 965 mm) above the ramp surface.

1122A.5.2.2 Handrail Continuity

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails on all ramps shall be continuous within the full length of each ramp run. Inside handrails on switchback or dogleg ramps shall be continuous between ramp runs.

1122A.5.2.3 Handrail Extensions

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails shall extend a minimum of 12 inches (305 mm) horizontally above landings, beyond the top and bottom of the ramp runs. Extensions shall return to a wall, guard, or the walking surface, or shall be continuous to the handrail of an adjacent ramp run. Handrail extensions shall be in the same direction as the ramp runs. (See Figure 11A-5A.)

1122A.5.2.4 Handrail Projections

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails projecting from a wall shall have a space of 11/2 inches (38.1 mm) minimum between the wall and the handrail.

     Handrails may be located in a recess if the recess is a maximum of 3 inches (76.2 mm) deep and extends at least 18 inches (457 mm) above the top of the rail. Any wall or other surface adjacent to the handrail shall be free of sharp or abrasive elements. (See Figure 11A-6B.)

1122A.5.2.5 Handrail Gripping Surfaces

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrail gripping surfaces shall be continuous along their length, and shall not be obstructed along their tops or sides. The bottoms of handrail gripping surfaces shall not be obstructed for more than 20 percent of their length. When provided, horizontal projections shall occur 11/2 inches (38 mm) minimum below the bottom of the handrail gripping surface. The distance between horizontal projections and the bottom of the gripping surface shall be permitted to be reduced by 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) for each 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) of additional handrail perimeter dimension that exceeds 4 inches (102 mm).

     Handrail gripping surfaces and any surfaces adjacent to them shall be free of sharp or abrasive elements, and shall have rounded edges.

Exception: Where handrails are provided along walking surfaces with slopes not steeper than 1 unit vertical in 20 units horizontal, the bottoms of handrail gripping surfaces shall be permitted to be obstructed along their entire length where they are integral to crash rails or bumper guards.

1122A.5.2.6 Cross Section

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrail gripping surfaces shall comply with this section, or the shape shall provide equivalent gripping surface.
  1. Circular cross section. The handrail gripping surfaces with a circular cross section shall not be less than 11/4 inches (31.75 mm) nor more than 2 inches (50.8 mm) in cross-sectional dimension.
  2. Noncircular cross section. Handrail gripping surfaces with a noncircular cross section shall have a perimeter dimension of 4 inches (102 mm) minimum and 61/4 inches (159 mm) maximum, and a cross-section dimension of 21/4 inches (57 mm) maximum.

1122A.5.2.7 Fittings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails shall not rotate within their fittings.

1122A.6 Edge Protection

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Ramps and ramp landings shall be provided with a continuous and uninterrupted barrier on each side along the entire length in compliance with Sections 1010.10 and 1010.10.1. (See Figure 11A-5A.)

Note: Extended floors or ground surfaces, as permitted in Section 1010.10.2, are not allowed for ramps and ramp landings providing access to, or egress from, buildings or facilities where accessibility is required.

Section 1123A Interior Stairways

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1123A.1 General

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Interior stairways serving buildings containing covered multifamily dwelling units shall comply with this section.

1123A.2 Open Risers

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Open risers shall not be permitted on interior stairways.

Exception: Stairways within an individual dwelling unit.

1123A.3 Treads

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
All tread surfaces shall be stable, firm and slip resistant, and shall comply with Section 1119A.2. Treads shall have smooth, rounded or chamfered exposed edges and no abrupt edges at the nosing (lower front edge).

1123A.4 Nosing

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Nosing shall not project more than 11/4 inches (31.8 mm) past the face of the riser below. Risers shall be sloped or the underside of the nosing shall have an angle not more than 30 degrees (0.52 rad) from the vertical. (See Figure 11A-6A.)

1123A.5 Striping for the Visually Impaired

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Interior stairs shall have the upper approach and lower tread marked by a stripe providing clear visual contrast.

     The stripe shall be a minimum of 2 inches (50.8 mm) wide to a maximum of 4 inches (101.6 mm) wide placed parallel to, and not more than 1 inch (25.4 mm) from, the nose of the step or upper approach. The stripe shall extend the full width of the step or upper approach and shall be of material that is at least as slip resistant as the other treads of the stair. A painted stripe shall be acceptable. Grooves shall not be used to satisfy this requirement.

Exception: Striping is not required for stairways within individual dwelling units.

1123A.6 Interior Stairway Handrails

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1123A.6.1 Where Required

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Stairways shall have handrails on each side. Intermediate handrails shall be located equidistant from the sides of the stairway and comply with Section 1012.9.

Exception: Stairways serving an individual dwelling unit may have one handrail, except that stairways open on one or both sides shall have handrails on the open side or sides.

1123A.6.2 Handrail Configuration

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Diagram

1123A.6.2.1 Handrail Heights

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The top of handrails shall be 34 to 38 inches (864 to 965 mm) above the nosing of the treads.

1123A.6.2.2 Handrail Continuity

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails on all stairways shall be continuous within the full length of each stair flight. Inside handrails on switchback or dogleg stairs shall be continuous between stair flights.

1123A.6.2.3 Handrail Extensions

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
At the top of stair flights, handrails shall extend a minimum of 12 inches (305 mm) horizontally above landings, beginning directly above the first riser nosing. Extensions shall return to a wall, guard, or the walking surface, or shall be continuous to the handrail of an adjacent stair flight.

     At the bottom of stair flights, handrails shall extend at the slope of the stair flight for a distance equal to one tread depth beyond the last riser nosing. Such extension shall continue with 12 inches (305 mm) minimum horizontal extension, shall be continuous to the handrail of an adjacent stair flight, or shall return to a wall, guard, or the walking surface. Handrail horizontal extensions shall be in the same direction as the stair flights. (See Figures 11A-6A and 11A-6E.)

Exception: Stairways within an individual dwelling unit.

1123A.6.2.4 Handrail Projections

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails projecting from a wall shall have a space of 11/2 inches (38.1 mm) minimum between the wall and the handrail.

     Handrails may be located in a recess if the recess is a maximum of 3 inches (76.2 mm) deep and extends at least 18 inches (457 mm) above the top of the rail. Any wall or other surface adjacent to the handrail shall be free of sharp or abrasive elements. (See Figure 11A-6B.)

1123A.6.2.5 Handrail Gripping Surfaces

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrail gripping surfaces shall be continuous along their length, and shall not be obstructed along their tops or sides. The bottoms of handrail gripping surfaces shall not be obstructed for more than 20 percent of their length. When provided, horizontal projections shall occur 11/2 inches (38 mm) minimum below the bottom of the handrail gripping surface. The distance between horizontal projections and the bottom of the gripping surface shall be permitted to be reduced by 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) for each 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) of additional handrail perimeter dimension that exceeds 4 inches (102 mm).

     Handrail gripping surfaces and any surfaces adjacent to them shall be free of sharp or abrasive elements, and shall have rounded edges.

1122A.6.2.6 Cross Section

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrail gripping surfaces shall comply with this section, or the shape shall provide equivalent gripping surface.
  1. Circular cross section. The handrail gripping surfaces with a circular cross section shall not be less than 11/4 inches (31.75 mm) nor more than 2 inches (50.8 mm) in cross-sectional dimension.
  2. Noncircular cross section. Handrail gripping surfaces with a noncircular cross section shall have a perimeter dimension of 4 inches (102 mm) minimum and 61/4 inches (159 mm) maximum, and a cross-section dimension of 21/4 inches (57 mm) maximum.

1122A.6.2.7 Fittings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Handrails shall not rotate within their fittings.

Section 1124A Elevators and Platform (Wheelchair) Lifts

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1124A.1 General

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Elevators provided in covered multifamily buildings shall be accessible. Elevators required to be accessible shall comply with this chapter, ASME A17.1 (Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators), Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations, under "Elevator Safety Orders," and any other applicable safety regulations of other administrative authorities having jurisdiction.

Exception: Private elevators serving only one dwelling unit.

1124A.2 Location

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Passenger elevators shall be located on a major accessible route and provisions shall be made to ensure that they remain accessible and usable at all times that the building is occupied.

1124A.3 Size of Cab and Control Locations

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1124A.3.1 General

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Elevators serving covered multifamily buildings shall be sized to accommodate a wheelchair in accordance with this section.

Exception: When the enforcing agency determines that compliance with any requirement of this section would create an unreasonable hardship, an exception to the requirement shall be granted when equivalent facilitation is provided, and where it can be demonstrated that a person using a wheelchair can enter and operate the elevator.

1124A.3.2 Car Inside

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The elevator car shall be designed to comply with one of the following:
  1. Door centered on the wall. When the door is centered on the car wall, it shall provide a clear width of 42 inches (1067 mm) minimum, and the clear distance between car side walls shall be 80 inches (2032 mm) minimum. The clear distance between the back wall and the return panel shall be 51 inches (1295 mm) minimum. The clear distance between the back wall and the inside face of the door shall be 54 inches (1372 mm) minimum.
  2. Door not centered on the wall. When the door is not centered on the car wall, it shall provide a clear width of 36 inches (914 mm) minimum, and the clear distance between car side walls shall be 68 inches (1727 mm) minimum. The clear distance between the back wall and the return panel shall be 51 inches (1295 mm) minimum. The clear distance between the back wall and the inside face of the door shall be 54 inches (1372 mm) minimum.
  3. Door at any location. An elevator door with 36 inches (914 mm) minimum clear width may be installed at any location if one of the following is met:
    1. The car inside, with the door closed, shall provide a turning clear space at least 60 inches (1524 mm) in diameter to allow for the turning of a wheelchair.
    2. The clear distance between car side walls shall be 54 inches (1372 mm) minimum. The clear distance between the back wall and the return panel shall be 80 inches (2032 mm) minimum. The clear distance between the back wall and the inside face of the door shall be 80 inches (2032 mm) minimum.
    Note: See Table 1124A.3.2 and Figure 11A-7A.

TABLE 1124A.3.2
ELEVATOR CAR DIMENSIONS
MINIMUM DIMENSIONS
DOOR
LOCATION
DOOR
CLEAR WIDTH
INSIDE CAR,
SIDE TO SIDE
INSIDE CAR,
BACK WALL TO FRONT RETURN
INSIDE CAR,
BACK WALL TO INSIDE FACE OF DOOR
Centered 42 inches
(1067 mm)
80 inches
(2032 mm)
51 inches
(1295 mm)
54 inches
(1372 mm)
Side
(off-centered)
36 inches
(914 mm)1
68 inches
(1727 mm)
51 inches
(1295 mm)
54 inches
(1372 mm)
Any 36 inches
(914 mm)1
54 inches
(1372 mm)
80 inches
(2032 mm)
80 inches
(2032 mm)
Any 36 inches
(914 mm)2
60 inches
(1524 mm)2
60 inches
(1524 mm)2
60 inches
(1524 mm)2
  1. A tolerance of minus 5/8 inch (15.9 mm) is permitted.
  2. Other car configurations that provide a turning space complying with Section 1138A.1.3 with the door closed shall be permitted.

1124A.3.3 Car Controls

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

1124A.3.3.1 Car Control Location

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Elevator floor buttons shall be located within one of the reach ranges specified in Section 1138A.3. Except for photoelectric tube bypass switches, emergency controls, including the emergency stop and alarm, shall be grouped in or adjacent to the bottom of the panel and shall be no lower than 35 inches (889 mm) from the floor. For multiple controls, only one set must comply with these height requirements. Floor buttons shall be provided with visual indicators to show when each call is registered. The visual indicators shall be extinguished when each call is answered.

1124A.3.3.2 Car Control Buttons

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Passenger elevator car controls shall have a minimum dimension of 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) and shall be raised 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) plus or minus 1/32 inch (0.8 mm) above the surrounding surface.

     Control buttons shall be illuminated, shall have square shoulders and shall be activated by a mechanical motion that is detectable.

     All control buttons shall be designated by a 5/8-inch-minimum (15.9 mm) raised characters and standard raised symbols that comply with Sections 1143A.6 and 1143A.7 immediately to the left of the control button. Contracted Grade 2 Braille that conforms to Section 1143A.7 shall be located immediately below the numeral, character or symbol. A minimum clear space of 3/8 inch (9.5 mm) or other suitable means of separation shall be provided between rows of control buttons. (See Figure 11A-7B.)

     The raised characters and symbols shall be white on a black background. Controls and emergency equipment identified by raised symbols shall include, but not be limited to, "door open," "door close," "alarm bell," "emergency stop" and "telephone." The call button for the main entry floor shall be designated by a raised star at the left of the floor designation.

1124A.3.4 Emergency Telephone

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
When an emergency telephone system is installed, the emergency telephone handset shall be positioned no higher than 48 inches (1219 mm) above the floor, and the handset cord shall be a minimum of 29 inches (737 mm) in length. If the telephone system is located in a closed compartment, the compartment door hardware shall conform to the provisions of Section 1138A.4.4. Emergency intercommunication shall not require voice communication.

1124A.4 Hall Call Buttons

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Call operation buttons and keypads shall be located within one of the reach ranges specified in Section 1138A.3, measured to the centerline of the highest operable part. Buttons shall have square shoulders, shall be a minimum of 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) in size, and shall be raised 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) plus or minus 1/32 inch (0.8 mm) above the surrounding surface. The button designating the "Up" direction shall be on top. A clear floor or ground space complying with Section 1138A.1.4 shall be provided at call controls.

     Visual indication shall be provided to show each call registered and extinguished when answered. Objects adjacent to, and below, hall call buttons shall not project more than 4 inches (101.6 mm) from the wall. Hall call buttons shall be internally illuminated with a white light over the entire surface of the button.

1124A.5 Minimum Illumination

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The minimum illumination at the car controls threshold and the landing when the car and landing doors are open shall not be less than 5 foot-candles (54 lx).

1124A.6 Hall Lantern

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
A visual and audible signal shall be provided at each hoistway entrance indicating to the prospective passenger the car answering the call and its direction of travel as follows:
  1. The visual signal for each direction shall be a minimum of 21/2 inches (63.5 mm) high by 21/2 inches (63.5 mm) wide, and visible from the proximity of the hall call button.
  2. The audible signal shall sound once for the "up" direction and twice for the "down" direction or of a configuration which distinguishes between up and down elevator travel. Audible signals shall have a frequency of 1500 Hz maximum. Verbal annunciators shall have a frequency of 300 Hz minimum and 3000 Hz maximum. The audible signal and verbal annunciator shall be 10 dB minimum above ambient, but shall not exceed 80 dB, measured at the hall call button.
  3. The center line of the fixture shall be located a minimum of 6 feet (1829 mm) in height above the finish floor.
  4. The use of in-car lanterns, located in or on the car doorjambs, visible from the proximity of the hall call buttons and conforming to the above requirements of this section, shall be acceptable.
Note: The use of arrow shapes are preferred for visible signals.

1124A.7 Door Delay

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Diagram

1124A.7.1 Hall Call

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The minimum acceptable time from notification that a car is answering a call (lantern and audible signal) until the doors of the car start to close shall be calculated by the following equations, but shall be no less than 5 seconds:

T = D / (1.5 ft/s) or T = D / (445 mm/s)

     Where T is the total time in seconds and D is the distance from a point in the lobby or landing area 60 inches (1524 mm) directly in front of the farthest call button controlling that car to the centerline of its hoistway door (see Figure 11A-7D). For cars with in-car lanterns, T begins when the lantern is visible from the vicinity of hall call buttons and an audible signal is sounded.

1124A.7.2 Door Delay for Car Calls

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The minimum acceptable time for the door to remain fully open after receiving a call shall not be less than 5 seconds.

1124A.8 Doorjamb Marking

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The floor level at all elevator hoistway entrances shall be designated by raised characters provided on both jambs. Characters shall be 2 inches (50.8 mm) in height located 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum above the finish floor, measured from the baseline of the lowest Braille cells, and 60 inches (1524 mm) maximum above the finish floor, measured from the baseline of the highest line of raised characters.

     On the main entry level, a raised five-pointed star shall be placed to the left of the raised character. The outside diameter of the star shall be 2 inches (50.8 mm) and all points shall be of equal length. The raised characters and the star shall be white on a black background. Contracted Grade 2 Braille, conforming to Section 1143A.7, shall be placed below the corresponding raised characters and the star. The Braille translation for the star shall state "MAIN". The raised characters shall comply with Section 1143A.6. (See Figure 11A-7C.)

1124A.9 Door Protective and Reopening Devices

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Doors closed by automatic means shall be provided with a door-reopening device that will function to stop and reopen a car door and adjacent hoistway door in case the car door is obstructed while closing.

     This reopening device shall also be capable of sensing an object or person in the path of a closing door without requiring contact for activation at a nominal 5 inches and 29 inches (127 mm and 737 mm) above the floor.

     Door-reopening devices shall remain effective for a period of not less than 20 seconds. After such an interval, the doors may close in accordance with the requirements of ASME A17.1.

1124A.10 Operation and Leveling

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The elevator shall be automatic and be provided with a self-leveling feature that will automatically bring the car to the floor landings within a tolerance of plus or minus 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) under rated loading to zero loading conditions. This self-leveling shall, within its zone, be entirely automatic and independent of the operating device and shall correct the overtravel or under-travel. The car shall also be maintained approximately level with the landing, irrespective of load.

     The clearance between the car platform sill and the edge of the hoistway landing shall be no greater than 11/4 inches (31.75 mm).

1124A.11 Platform (Wheelchair) Lifts

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Diagram

1124A.11.1 General

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Platform (wheelchair) lifts may be provided between levels, in lieu of passenger elevators, when the vertical distance between landings, as well as the structural design and safeguards are as allowed by ASME A18.1 (Safety Standard for Platform Lifts and Stairway Chair Lifts), California Code of Regulations, Title 8 (Elevator Safety Orders), and any applicable safety regulations of other administrative authorities having jurisdiction.

     If lifts are provided, they shall be designed and constructed to facilitate unassisted entry, operation and exit from the lift, and shall comply with restrictions and enhancements of this section in conjunction with Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations.

1124A.11.2 Size and Clear Floor Space

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Platform (wheelchair) lifts shall be of sufficient size to accommodate a wheelchair in accordance with Section 1138A.1.4.

1124A.11.3 Lift Access

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There shall be a level and clear floor area or landing at each floor or level served by platform (wheelchair) lifts. Clear floor areas or landings shall meet the applicable "accessible route" requirements.

1124A.11.4 Standby Power

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
To ensure continued operation in case of primary power loss, platform (wheelchair) lifts shall be provided with standby power or with self-rechargeable battery power that provides sufficient power to operate all platform lift functions for a minimum of five upward and downward trips.

1124A.11.5 Openness

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Platform (wheelchair) lifts on an accessible means of egress shall not be installed in a fully enclosed hoistway.

1124A.11.6 Doors and Gates

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Lifts shall have low energy power-operated doors or gates, which shall remain open for 20 seconds minimum. End doors shall have 32 inches (813 mm) minimum clear opening width. Side doors clear opening width shall be 42 inches (1067 mm) minimum.

Exception: Lifts having doors or gates on opposite sides shall be permitted to have self-closing manual doors or gates.

1124A.11.7 Restriction Sign

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A sign complying with Section 1143A shall be securely fastened in a conspicuous place at each landing and on the platform. The sign shall state "No Freight" in letters not less than 5/8 inch (16 mm) high and include the "International Symbol of Accessibility."

Section 1125A Hazards on Accessible Routes

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Diagram

1125A.1 Warning Curbs

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Abrupt changes in level exceeding 4 inches (101.6 mm) in vertical dimension, such as changes in level at planters or fountains located in or adjacent to walks, halls, corridors, passageways, aisles, pedestrian ways and other circulation spaces shall be identified by curbs projecting at least 6 inches (152.4 mm) in height above the walk or sidewalk surface to warn the blind of a potential drop-off.

Exception: When a guardrail or handrail is provided with edge protection in accordance with Section 1010.10.1.

1125A.2 Headroom Clearance

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Walks, halls, corridors, passageways, aisles, pedestrian ways and other circulation spaces which are part of the required egress system shall have a minimum clear headroom as required in Section 1003.2. Other walks, pedestrian ways and circulation spaces shall have a minimum clear headroom of 80 inches (2032 mm). If the vertical clearance of an area adjoining an accessible route is reduced to less than 80 inches (2032 mm), a guardrail or other barrier having its leading edge at or below 27 inches (686 mm) above the finished floor shall be provided.

Exception: Doorways and archways less than 24 inches (610 mm) in depth may have a minimum clear headroom of 80 inches (2032 mm). (See Section 1126A for door requirements.)

1125A.3 Overhanging Obstructions

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Any obstruction that overhangs a pedestrian way shall be a minimum of 80 inches (2032 mm) above the walking surface as measured from the bottom of the obstruction. (See Figure 11A-1B.) Where a guy support is used parallel to a path of travel, including, but not limited to, sidewalks, a guy brace, sidewalk guy or similar device shall be used to prevent an overhanging obstruction (see Section 1125A.2 for required headroom clearance).

Exception: Door closers and door stops shall be permitted to be 78 inches (1981 mm) minimum above the finish floor or ground.

1125A.4 Free-Standing Signs

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Wherever signs mounted on posts or pylons protrude from the posts or pylons and the bottom edge of the sign is less than 80 inches (2032 mm) above the finished floor or ground level, the edges of such signs shall be rounded or eased and the corners shall have a minimum radius of 0.125 inches. (See Section 1125A.2 for required headroom clearance).

Section 1126A Doors, Gates and Windows

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1126A.1 Width and Height of Doors and Gates

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Diagram
Doorways which provide access to common use areas or covered multifamily dwellings shall comply with the following:
  1. Permit the installation of a door or gate not less than 36 inches (914 mm) in width, not less than 80 inches (2032 mm) in height, and provide a clear opening of not less than 32 inches (813 mm), measured with the door positioned at an angle of 90 degrees from its closed position.
  2. Doors or gates shall be capable of opening at least 90 degrees.
  3. A pair of doors or gates, manual or automatic, shall have at least one leaf which provides a clear width of not less than 32 inches (813 mm), measured with the door or gate positioned at an angle of 90 degrees from its closed position.
  4. The width of any component in the egress system shall not be less than the minimum width required by Section 1005.
  5. Revolving doors or gates shall not be used as required entrances for persons with disabilities, and shall not be part of an accessible route.

1126A.2 Level Floor or Landing

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The floor or landing on each side of an exit door or gate shall be level. (See Chapter 10.)

1126A.2.1 Thresholds and Changes in Elevation

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Diagram
The floor or landing shall not be more than 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) lower than the top of the threshold of the doorway. (See Figure 11A-8I.)

     Changes in level between 1/4 inch (6.35 mm) and 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) shall be beveled with a slope no greater than 1 unit vertical in 2 units horizontal (50-percent slope). Changes in level greater than 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) shall be accomplished by means of a ramp. (See Section 1122A.)

1126A.3 Maneuvering Clearances

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Diagram

1126A.3.1 General

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The minimum maneuvering clearance at doors or gates shall comply with Sections 1126A.3.2, 1126A.3.3, and 1126A.3.4. The floor or landing area within the required maneuvering clearance shall be level and clear. The required length shall be measured at right angles to the plane of the door or gate in its closed position. Maneuvering clearances shall extend the full width of the doorway and the required latch side or hinge side clearances (strike edge maneuvering clearances).

1126A.3.2 Swinging Doors and Gates

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Diagram

1126A.3.2.1 Front Approach

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The following provisions shall apply to swinging doors or gates with front approach:
  1. Pull side approach. The level floor or landing shall extend in the direction of the door or gate swing at least 60 inches (1524 mm). (See Figure 11A-8A(a).)
  2. Push side approach. The level floor or landing shall extend in the direction of the door or gate swing at least 48 inches (1219 mm). (See Figure 11A-8A(a).)
  3. Doors and gates with push side approach having both a closer and a latch. Doors or gates with push side approach having both a closer and a latch shall be provided with a clear and level area extending a minimum of 12 inches (305 mm) past the strike edge on the approach side of the door or gate. (See Figure 11A-8A(a).)
  4. Strike edge maneuvering space. The width of the level area on the side to which the door or gate swings shall extend at least 24 inches (610 mm) past the strike edge for exterior doors or gates and at least 18 inches (457 mm) past the strike edge for interior doors or gates. (See Figure 11A-8A(a).)
Note: See Section 1132A.5 for maneuvering clearances at primary entry doors and all required exit doors to covered multifamily dwellings.

1126A.3.2.2 Hinge Side Approach

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The following provisions shall apply to swinging doors or gates with hinge side approach:
  1. Pull side approach. Doors or gates with pull side approach shall be provided with a level floor or landing not less than 60 inches (1524 mm) in depth. A clear and level area shall extend a minimum of 36 inches (914 mm) past the strike edge on the approach side of the door or gate. (See Figure 11A-8A(b).)
  2. Push side approach. Doors or gates with push side approach shall have a level floor or landing not less than 44 inches (1118 mm) in depth, and shall be provided with a clear and level area extending a minimum of 54 inches (1372 mm) from the strike edge of the door or gate jamb past the hinge side of the door or gate. Doors or gates with a latch and closer shall have a level floor or landing not less than 48 inches (1219 mm) depth at the push side of the door or gate. (See Figure 11A-8A(b).)

1126A.3.2.3 Latch Side Approach

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The following provisions shall apply to swinging doors or gates with latch side approach:
  1. Pull side approach. Doors or gates with pull side approach shall have a level floor or landing not less than 60 inches (1524 mm) in depth, and shall be provided with a clear and level area extending a minimum of 24 inches (610 mm) past the strike edge on the approach side of the door or gate. (See Figure 11A-8A(c).)
  2. Push side approach. Doors or gates with push side approach shall have a level floor or landing not less than 44 inches (1118 mm) in depth, and shall be provided with a clear and level area extending a minimum of 24 inches (610 mm) past the strike edge on the approach side of the door or gate. Doors or gates with a closer shall have a level floor or landing not less than 48 inches (1219 mm) depth at the push side of the door or gate. (See Figure 11A-8A(c).)

1126A.3.3 Space Between Consecutive Doors or Gates

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Diagram
The minimum space between two hinged or pivoted doors or gates in series, serving other than a required exit stairway, shall provide a minimum of 48 inches (1219 mm) plus the width of the door or gate swinging into the space. Doors or gates in a series shall swing either in the same direction or away from the space between the doors or gates. (See Figures 11A-8G and 11A-8H.)

     Where the door or gate opens into a stair or smokeproof enclosure, the landing need not have a minimum length of 60 inches (1524 mm). (See Figure 11A-8H.)

1126A.3.4 Doorways Without Doors or Gates, Sliding Doors, and Folding Doors

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Diagram
Doorways less than 36 inches (914 mm) wide without doors or gates, sliding doors, or folding doors shall have maneuvering clearances complying with this section.

1126A.3.4.1 Front Approach

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Diagram
The level floor or landing shall extend at least 48 inches (1219 mm) on each side, perpendicular to the doorway. Strike edge maneuvering clearance for front approach is not required. (See Figure 11A-8B(a).)

1126A.3.4.2 Side Approach

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Diagram
Doorways without doors or gates, and side approach, shall be provided with level floor or landing extending 42 inches (1067 mm) minimum on each side, perpendicular to the doorway. Strike edge maneuvering clearance is not required. (See Figure 11A-8B(d).)

1126A.3.4.3 Pocket/ Hinge Side Approach

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Diagram
Doors with pocket or hinge approach shall be provided with a level floor or landing not less than 42 inches (1067 mm) in depth. The level floor or landing shall extend a minimum of 22 inches (559 mm) beyond the pocket/hinge side. (See Figure 11A-8B(b).)

1126A.3.4.4 Stop/Latch Side Approach

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Diagram
Doors with stop or latch approach shall have a level floor or landing not less than 42 inches (1067 mm) in depth. The level floor or landing shall extend a minimum of 24 inches (610 mm) beyond the stop/latch side. (See Figure 11A-8B(c).)

1126A.3.4.5 Recessed Doors or Gates

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Diagram
Maneuvering clearances for forward approach shall be provided when any obstruction within 18 inches (457 mm) of the latch side of an interior doorway, or within 24 inches (610 mm) of the latch side of an exterior doorway, projects more than 8 inches (203 mm) beyond the face of the door or gate, measured perpendicular to the face of the door or gate. (See Figure 11A-8C.)

1126A.4 Closer-Effort to Operate Doors or Gates

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Maximum effort to operate doors or gates shall not exceed 81/2 pounds (38 N) for exterior doors or gates and 5 pounds (22 N) for interior doors or gates, such pull or push effort being applied at right angles to hinged doors or gates and at the center plane of sliding or folding doors. Compensating devices or automatic door or gate operators may be utilized to meet these standards. When fire doors are required, the maximum effort to operate the door may be increased to the minimum allowable by the appropriate enforcement agency, not to exceed 15 pounds (66.7 N).

1126A.4.1 Door or Gate Closer

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
If a door or gate has a closer, the sweep period of the closer shall be adjusted so that from an open position of 90 degrees, the door or gate will take 5 seconds minimum to move to a position of 12 degrees from the latch.

1126A.4.2 Spring Hinges

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Spring hinges shall be adjusted so that from the open position of 70 degrees, the door or gate shall move to the closed position in 1.5 seconds minimum.

1126A.5 Type of Latch and Lock

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The type of latch and lock required for all doors or gates shall be in accordance with Section 1126A.6 and Chapter 10, Section 1008.

1126A.6 Hand-Activated Door or Gate Hardware

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Hand-activated door or gate latching, locking and opening hardware shall be centered between 30 inches (762 mm) and 44 inches (1118 mm) above the floor. Latching and locking doors or gates that are hand-activated and on an accessible route shall be operable with a single effort by lever type hardware, panic bars, push-pull activating bars or other hardware designed to provide passage without requiring the ability to grasp the opening hardware. Locked exit doors or gates shall operate consistent with Section 1126A.4, in the direction of egress. When sliding doors are in the fully open position, operating hardware shall be exposed and usable from both sides.

Exception: Access gates in barrier walls and fences protecting pools, spas, and hot tubs shall be permitted to have operable parts of the release of latch on self-latching devices at 54 inches (1372 mm) maximum above the finish floor or ground provided the self-latching devices are not also self-locking devices operated by means of a key, electronic opener, or integral combination lock.

1126A.6.1 Lever Type Hardware

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The lever or lever of actuated latches or locks shall be curved with a return to within 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) of the door or gate to prevent catching on the clothing of persons during egress.

Exception: Group R and U occupancies with an occupant load of 10 or less.

1126A.7 Smooth Surface

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Swinging door or gate surfaces within 10 inches (254 mm) of the finish floor or ground measured vertically shall have a smooth surface on the push side extending the full width of the door or gate. Parts creating horizontal or vertical joints in these surfaces shall be within 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) of the same plane as the other and be free of sharp or abrasive edges. Cavities created by added kick plates shall be capped.

Exceptions:
  1. Automatic doors or gates.
  2. Tempered glass doors without stiles and having a bottom rail or shoe with the top leading edge tapered at 60 degrees minimum from the horizontal.
  3. Doors or gates that do not extend to within 10 inches (254 mm) of the finish floor or ground.

1126A.8 Windows

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Where glazed openings are provided in accessible rooms or spaces for operation by occupants, at least one opening shall comply with Section 1138A.4.

     Each glazed opening required by the enforcing agency to be operable shall comply with Section 1138A.4.

Section 1127A Common Use Facilities

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Note: For public use facilities, see Chapter 11B of this code.

1127A.1 General

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When provided, common use areas and facilities in covered multifamily housing developments shall be accessible to persons with disabilities. Common use facilities include, but are not limited to, lobbies, toilet and bathing facilities, laundry facilities, community rooms, clubhouses, health and fitness facilities, game rooms and portions of common use tenant storage. All entrances, doors, fixtures and controls shall be on an accessible route. Facilities and fixtures required to be accessible shall comply with the following provisions:
  1. Doors. Doors to accessible bathrooms shall comply with Section 1126A. Doors shall not swing into the floor space required for any fixture.
  2. Clear floor space. All fixtures and controls shall be on an accessible route. Clear floor spaces at fixtures and controls, the accessible route and the turning space may overlap. This clear space shall comply with Sections 1138A.1.4 and 1138A.3.
  3. Water closets. Where a toilet stall is provided, it shall comply with Section 1127A.2.1 or 1127A.2.2, and its water closet shall comply with Section 1127A.2.3.
  4. Lavatory and mirrors. Where a lavatory and/or mirror is provided, it shall comply with Sections 1127A.3 and/or 1127A.8.3.
  5. Controls and dispensers. Where controls, dispensers, receptacles or other types of equipment are provided, at least one of each shall be on an accessible route and shall comply with Sections 1127A.8 and 1138A.3.
  6. Bathing and shower facilities. Where bathtubs or showers are provided, at least one fixture of each type provided shall be accessible per room. For bathtubs, see Section 1127A.5.2. For shower compartments, see Section 1127A.5.3.
  7. Toilet facilities. Toilet facilities shall comply with Section 1127A.2.
  8. Laundry facilities. Laundry facilities shall comply with Section 1127A.10.
  9. Storage facilities. Storage facilities shall comply with Section 1127A.11.
  10. Fixed or built-in seating, tables and counters. Fixed or built-in seating, tables and counters shall comply with Section 1127A.12.

1127A.2 Toilet Facilities

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Diagram
When common use toilet facilities are provided for residents or guests, at least one percent of the total number of fixtures but not less than one of each type shall comply with this section.

1127A.2.1 Multiple-Accommodation Toilet Facilities

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Multiple-accommodation toilet facilities shall have the following:

Note: (See Figures 11A-9A and 11A-9B.)
  1. Wheelchair turning space. Turning space of sufficient size to inscribe a circle with a diameter not less than 60 inches (1524 mm) or a T-shaped space shall be provided within the toilet facility. The wheelchair turning space shall comply with Section 1138A.1.3. Other than the door to the accessible water closet compartment, a door, in any position, may encroach into this space by not more than 12 inches (305 mm).
  2. Clear space at fixtures. Doors shall not swing into the clear floor space required for any fixture. Required clear floor space, clearance at fixtures, and turning space shall be permitted to overlap.
  3. Accessible water closet compartment. Accessible water closet compartments shall be 60 inches (1524 mm) wide minimum measured perpendicular to the side wall, 56 inches (1422 mm) deep minimum for wall hung water closets and 59 inches (1499 mm) deep minimum for floor mounted water closets measured perpendicular to the rear wall. (See Figure 11A-9A(c).)

         Water closet fixtures located in accessible water closet compartments shall be positioned with a wall or partition to the rear and to one side. The centerline of the water closet shall be 17 inches (432 mm) minimum to 18 inches (457 mm) maximum from the side wall or partition.

         In ambulatory accessible toilet compartments specified in Item 6 of this section, the water closet shall be 17 inches (432 mm) minimum and 19 inches (483 mm) maximum from the side wall or partition. (See Figure 11A-9A (d).)

         Clearance around a water closet shall be 60 inches (1524 mm) minimum measured perpendicular from the side wall and 56 inches (1422 mm) minimum measured perpendicular from the rear wall. The required clearance around the water closet shall be permitted to overlap the water closet, associated grab bars, dispensers, sanitary napkin disposal units, coat hooks, shelves, accessible routes, clear floor space and clearances required at other fixtures, and the turning space. No other fixtures or obstructions shall be located within the required water closet clearance.

         A minimum 48 inches (1219 mm) deep and 60 inches (1524 mm) wide clear maneuvering space shall be provided in front of the water closet if the compartment has an end-opening door (facing the water closet). A minimum 60 inches (1524 mm) deep and 60 inches (1524 mm) wide clear maneuvering space shall be provided in a compartment with the door located at the side. (See Figure 11A-9A.)
  4. Grab bars. Grab bars shall be provided on the side wall closest to the water closet and on the rear wall. Grab bars shall comply with this section and Section 1127A.4.

         The side wall grab bar shall be 42 inches (1067 mm) long minimum, located 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from the rear wall and extend 54 inches (1372 mm) minimum from the rear wall. The front end of the side grab bar shall be positioned 24 inches (610 mm) minimum in front of the water closet.

         The rear wall grab bar shall be 36 inches (914 mm) long minimum and extend from the centerline of the water closet 12 inches (305 mm) minimum on one side and 24 inches (610 mm) minimum on the other side.

    Exceptions:
    1. The rear grab bar shall be permitted to be 24 inches (610 mm) long minimum, centered on the water closet, when wall space does not permit a length of 36 inches (914 mm) minimum due to the location of a recessed fixture adjacent to the water closet.
    2. When the enforcing agency requires flush controls for flush valves to be located in a position that conflicts with the location of the rear grab bar, then the rear grab bar shall be permitted to be split or shifted to the open side of the toilet