CODES

ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2015 (IFC 2015)

Copyright

Preface

Acknowledgements

California Code of Regulations, Title 24

How to Distinguish Between Model Code Language and California Amendments

Coordination Between the International Building and Fire Codes

Maintenance

Code Development Committee Responsibilities (Letter Designations in Front of Section Numbers)

Effective Use of the International Fire Code

Legislation

Part I Administrative

Chapter 1 Scope and Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Part II General Safety Provisions

Chapter 3 General Requirements

Part III Building and Equipment Design Features

Chapter 4 Emergency Planning and Preparedness

Chapter 5 Fire Service Features

Chapter 6 Building Services and Systems

Chapter 7 Fire and Smoke Protection Features

Chapter 8 Interior Finish, Decorative Materials and Furnishings

Chapter 9 Fire Protection Systems

Chapter 10 Means of Egress

Chapter 11 Construction Requirements for Existing Buildings

Chapter 12 Through 19 Reserved

Part IV Special Occupancies and Operations

Chapter 20 Aviation Facilities

Chapter 21 Dry Cleaning

Chapter 22 Combustible Dust-Producing Operations

Chapter 23 Motor Fuel-Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages

Chapter 24 Flammable Finishes

Chapter 25 Fruit and Crop Ripening

Chapter 26 Fumigation and Insecticidal Fogging

Chapter 27 Semiconductor Fabrication Facilities

Chapter 28 Lumber Yards and Agro-Industrial, Solid Biomass and Woodworking Facilities

Chapter 29 Manufacture of Organic Coatings

Chapter 30 Industrial Ovens

Chapter 31 Tents and Other Membrane Structures

Chapter 32 High-Piled Combustible Storage

Chapter 33 Fire Safety During Construction and Demolition

Chapter 34 Tire Rebuilding and Tire Storage

Chapter 35 Welding and Other Hot Work

Chapter 36 Marinas

Chapter 37 Combustible Fibers

Chapter 38 Through 47 Reserved

Chapter 48 Motion Picture and Television Production Studio Sound Stages, Approved Production Facilities and Production Locations

Chapter 49 Requirements for Wildland-Urban Interface Fire Areas

Part V Hazardous Materials

Chapter 50 Hazardous Materials—general Provisions

Chapter 51 Aerosols

Chapter 52 Reserved

Chapter 53 Compressed Gases

Chapter 54 Corrosive Materials

Chapter 55 Cryogenic Fluids

Chapter 56 Explosives and Fireworks

Chapter 57 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

Chapter 58 Flammable Gases and Flammable Cryogenic Fluids

Chapter 59 Flammable Solids

Chapter 60 Highly Toxic and Toxic Materials

Chapter 61 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

Chapter 62 Organic Peroxides

Chapter 63 Oxidizers, Oxidizing Gases and Oxidizing Cryogenic Fluids

Chapter 64 Pyrophoric Materials

Chapter 65 Pyroxylin (Cellulose Nitrate) Plastics

Chapter 66 Unstable (Reactive) Materials

Chapter 67 Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids

Chapter 68 Through 79 Reserved

Part VI Referenced Standards

Chapter 80 Referenced Standards

Appendix Chapter 4 Special Detailed Requirements Based on Use and Occupancy

Part VII Appendices

Appendix A Board of Appeals

Appendix B Fire-Flow Requirements for Buildings

Appendix BB Fire-Flow Requirements for Buildings

Appendix C Fire Hydrant Locations and Distribution

Appendix CC Fire Hydrant Locations and Distribution

Appendix D Fire Apparatus Access Roads

Appendix E Hazard Categories

Appendix F Hazard Ranking

Appendix G Cryogenic Fluids—weight and Volume Equivalents

Appendix H Hazardous Materials Management Plans and Hazardous Materials Inventory Statements

Appendix I Fire Protection Systems—noncompliant Conditions

Appendix J Building Information Sign

Appendix K Construction Requirements for Existing Ambulatory Care Facilities

Appendix L Requirements for Fire Fighter Air Replenishment Systems

Appendix M High-Rise Buildings—retroactive Automatic Sprinkler Requirement

Appendix N Temporary Haunted Houses, Ghost Walks and Similar Amusement Uses

History Note Appendix

The storage and use of oxidizing materials shall be in accordance with this chapter and Chapter 50. Oxidizing gases shall also comply with Chapter 53. Oxidizing cryogenic fluids shall also comply with Chapter 55.

Exceptions:

  1. Display and storage in Group M and storage in Group S occupancies complying with Section 5003.11.
  2. Bulk oxygen systems at industrial and institutional consumer sites shall be in accordance with NFPA 55.
  3. Liquid oxygen stored or used in home health care in Group I-1, I-4 and R occupancies in accordance with Section 6306.
Permits shall be required as set forth in Section 105.6.

The following terms are defined in Chapter 2:

BULK OXYGEN SYSTEM.

LIQUID OXYGEN AMBULATORY CONTAINER.

LIQUID OXYGEN HOME CARE CONTAINER.

OXIDIZER.

  • Class 4.
  • Class 3.
  • Class 2.
  • Class 1.

OXIDIZING CRYOGENIC FLUID.

OXIDIZING GAS.

The storage and use of oxidizing materials in amounts not exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area indicated in Section 5003.1 shall be in accordance with Sections 5001, 5003, 6301 and 6303. Oxidizing gases shall also comply with Chapter 53.
The indoor storage and use of oxidizing materials shall be in accordance with Sections 6303.1.1.1 through 6303.1.1.3.
The storage and use of Class 4 liquid and solid oxidizers shall comply with Sections 6303.1.1.1.1 through 6303.1.1.1.4.

In Group A, E, I or U occupancies, any amount of Class 4 liquid and solid oxidizers shall be stored in accordance with the following:

  1. Class 4 liquid and solid oxidizers shall be stored in hazardous materials storage cabinets complying with Section 5003.8.7.
  2. The hazardous materials storage cabinets shall not contain other storage.
Class 4 liquid and solid oxidizers shall not be stored or used within Group R occupancies.
Class 4 liquid and solid oxidizers shall not be stored or used in offices or retail sales areas of Group B, F, M or S occupancies.

In classrooms of Group B, F or M occupancies, any amount of Class 4 liquid and solid oxidizers shall be stored in accordance with the following:

  1. Class 4 liquid and solid oxidizers shall be stored in hazardous materials storage cabinets complying with Section 5003.8.7.
  2. Hazardous materials storage cabinets shall not contain other storage.
Not more than 200 pounds (91 kg) of solid or 20 gallons (76 L) of liquid Class 3 oxidizer is allowed in storage and use where such materials are necessary for maintenance purposes or operation of equipment. The oxidizers shall be stored in approved containers and in an approved manner.

Except for cylinders of nonliquefied compressed gases not exceeding a capacity of 250 cubic feet (7 m3) or liquefied compressed gases not exceeding a capacity of 46 pounds (21 kg) each used for maintenance purposes, patient care or operation of equipment, oxidizing gases shall not be stored or used in Group A, E, I or R occupancies or in offices in Group B occupancies.

The aggregate quantities of gases used for maintenance purposes and operation of equipment shall not exceed the maximum allowable quantity per control area listed in Table 5003.1.1(1).

Medical gas systems and medical gas supply cylinders shall also be in accordance with Section 5306.

Compressed gas systems conveying oxidizing gases shall be provided with approved manual or automatic emergency shutoff valves that can be activated at each point of use and at each source.
A manual or automatic fail-safe emergency shutoff valve shall be installed on supply piping at the cylinder or bulk source. Manual or automatic cylinder valves are allowed to be used as the required emergency shutoff valve where the source of supply is limited to unmanifolded cylinder sources.
A manual or automatic emergency shutoff valve shall be installed on the supply piping at the point of use or at a point where the equipment using the gas is connected to the supply system.
Ignition sources in areas containing oxidizing gases shall be controlled in accordance with Section 5003.7.

The storage configuration of Class I liquid and solid oxidizers shall be as set forth in Table 6303.2.

TABLE 6303.2

STORAGE OF CLASS 1 OXIDIZER LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS

STORAGE CONFIGURATIONLIMITS (feet)
Piles
  Maximum width24
  Maximum height20
  Maximum distance to aisle12
  Minimum distance to next pilea4
  Minimum distance to wallsb2
Maximum quantity per pile200 tons
Maximum quantity per buildingNo Limit

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound = 0.454 kg, 1 ton = 0.907185 metric ton.

  1. The minimum aisle width shall be equal to the pile height, but not less than 4 feet and not greater than 8 feet.
  2. There shall be no minimum distance from the pile to a wall for amounts less than 9,000 pounds.
Indoor storage of oxidizing materials in amounts exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area indicated in Table 5003.1.1(1) shall be in accordance with Sections 5001, 5003 and 5004 and this chapter.
Indoor storage rooms, areas and buildings containing Class 4 liquid or solid oxidizers shall be provided with explosion control in accordance with Section 911.
The automatic sprinkler system for oxidizer storage shall be designed in accordance with NFPA 400.
In addition to Section 5004.12, floors of storage areas for liquid and solid oxidizers shall be of liquid-tight construction.

An approved supervised smoke detection system in accordance with Section 907 shall be installed in liquid and solid oxidizer storage areas. Activation of the smoke detection system shall sound a local alarm.

Exception: Detached storage buildings protected by an approved automatic fire-extinguishing system.

The maximum quantity of oxidizers per building in storage buildings shall not exceed those quantities set forth in Tables 6304.1.5(1) through 6304.1.5(3).

The storage configuration for liquid and solid oxidizers shall be as set forth in Table 6303.2 and Tables 6304.1.5(1) through 6304.1.5(3).

Class 2 oxidizers shall not be stored in basements except where such storage is in stationary tanks.

Class 3 and 4 oxidizers in amounts exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area set forth in Section 5003.1 shall be stored on the ground floor only.

TABLE 6304.1.5(1)

STORAGE OF CLASS 2 OXIDIZER LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS

STORAGE CONFIGURATIONLIMITS
Control area storageGroup H occupancy storageDetached storage
Piles
  Maximum width16 feet25 feet25 feet
  Maximum heightNote aNote aNote a
  Maximum distance to aisle8 feet12 feet12 feet
  Minimum distance to next pileNote bNote bNote b
  Minimum distance to walls2 feet2 feetc2 feetc
Maximum quantity per pileMAQ100 tons100 tons
Maximum quantity per buildingMAQ2000 tonsNo Limit

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound = 0.454 kg, 1 ton = 0.907185 metric ton.

  1. Maximum storage height in nonsprinklered buidlings is limited to 6 feet. In sprinklered buildings see NFPA 400 for storage heights based on ceiling sprinkler protection.
  2. The minimum aisle width shall be equal to the pile height, but not less than 4 feet and not greater than 8 feet.
  3. For protection level and detached storage under 4,500 pounds, there shall be no minimum separation distance between the pile and any wall.

TABLE 6304.1.5(2)

STORAGE OF CLASS 3 OXIDIZER LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS

STORAGE CONFIGURATIONLIMITS
Control area storageGroup H occupancy storageDetached storage
Piles
  Maximum width12 feet16 feet20 feet
  Maximum heightNote aNote aNote a
  Maximum distance to aisle8 feet10 feet10 feet
  Minimum distance to next pileNote bNote bNote b
  Minimum distance to walls4 feet4 feetc4 feetc
Maximum quantity per pileNA30 tons100 tons
Maximum quantity per buildingMAQ1200 tonsNo Limit

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound = 0.454 kg, 1 ton = 0.907185 metric ton.

  1. Maximum storage height in nonsprinklered buildings is limited to 6 feet. In sprinklered buildings see NFPA 400 for storage heights based on ceiling sprinkler protection.
  2. The minimum aisle width shall be equal to the pile height, but not less than 4 feet and not greater than 8 feet.
  3. For protection level and detached storage under 2,300 pounds, there shall be no minimum separation distance between the pile and any wall.

TABLE 6304.1.5(3)

STORAGE OF CLASS 4 OXIDIZER LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS

STORAGE CONFIGURATIONLIMITS (feet)
Piles
  Maximum length10
  Maximum width4
  Maximum height8
  Minimum distance to next pile8
Maximum quantity per buildingNo Limit

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm.

In addition to the requirements in Section 5003.9.8, Class 4 oxidizer liquids and solids shall be separated from other hazardous materials by not less than a 1-hour fire barrier or stored in hazardous materials storage cabinets.
Liquid and solid oxidizers shall not be stored on or against combustible surfaces. Liquid and solid oxidizers shall be stored in a manner to prevent contamination.
Storage of liquid and solid oxidizers shall be in detached buildings where required by Section 5003.8.2.
Detached storage buildings for Class 4 oxidizer liquids and solids shall be located not less than 50 feet (15 240 mm) from other hazardous materials storage.
Outdoor storage of oxidizing materials in amounts exceeding the maximum allowable quantities per control area set forth in Table 5003.1.1(3) shall be in accordance with Sections 5001, 5003, 5004 and this chapter. Oxidizing gases shall also comply with Chapter 53.
Outdoor storage areas for oxidizing gases shall be located in accordance with Table 6304.2.2.
Outdoor storage areas for oxidizing cryogenic fluids shall be located in accordance with Chapter 55.

Storage configuration for liquid and solid oxidizers shall be in accordance with Table 6303.2 and Tables 6304.1.5(1) through 6304.1.5(3).

TABLE 6304.2.2

OXIDIZER GASES—DISTANCE FROM STORAGE TO EXPOSURESa

QUANTITY OF GAS STORED (cubic feet at NTP)DISTANCE TO A BUILDING NOT ASSOCIATED WITH THE MANUFACTURE OR DISTRIBUTION OF OXIDIZING GASES OR PUBLIC WAY OR LOT LINE THAT CAN BE BUILT UPON (feet)DISTANCE BETWEEN STORAGE AREAS (feet)
0 – 50,00055
50,001 – 100,0001010
100,001 or greater1510

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 cubic foot = 0.02832 m3.

  1. The minimum required distances shall not apply where fire barriers without openings or penetrations having a minimum fire-resistance rating of 2 hours interrupt the line of sight between the storage and the exposure. The configuration of the fire barrier shall be designed to allow natural ventilation to prevent the accumulation of hazardous gas concentrations.
Storage configuration for oxidizing gases shall be in accordance with Table 6304.2.2.
The use of oxidizers in amounts exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area indicated in Table 5003.1.1(1) or 5003.1.1(3) shall be in accordance with Sections 5001, 5003, 5005 and this chapter. Oxidizing gases shall also comply with Chapter 53.
The storage and use of liquid oxygen (LOX) in home health care in Group I-1, I-4 and R occupancies shall comply with Sections 6306.2 through 6306.6, or shall be stored and used accordance with Chapter 50.

The seller of liquid oxygen shall provide the user with information in written form that includes, but is not limited to, the following:

  1. Manufacturer’s instructions and labeling for safe storage and use of the containers.
  2. Locating containers away from ignition sources, exits, electrical hazards and high-temperature devices in accordance with Section 6306.3.3.
  3. Restraint of containers to prevent falling in accordance with Section 6306.3.4.
  4. Requirements for handling containers in accordance with Section 6306.3.5.
  5. Safeguards for refilling containers in accordance with Section 6306.3.6.
  6. Signage requirements in accordance with Section 6306.6.
Containers of liquid oxygen in home health care shall be in accordance with Sections 6306.3.1 through 6306.3.6.
Liquid oxygen home care containers shall not exceed an individual capacity of 15.8 gallons (60 L) in Group I-1, I-4 and R occupancies. Liquid oxygen ambulatory containers are allowed in Group I-1, I-4 and R occupancies. Containers of liquid oxygen in home health care shall also be stored, used and filled in accordance with Section 6306 and Sections 5503.1 and 5503.2.
Containers shall be stored, used and operated in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and labeling.

Containers shall not be located in areas where any of the following conditions exist:

  1. They can be overturned due to operation of a door.
  2. They are in the direct path of egress.
  3. They are subject to falling objects.
  4. They can become part of an electrical circuit.
  5. Open flames and high-temperature devices can cause a hazard.

Liquid oxygen home care containers shall be restrained while in storage or use to prevent falling caused by contact, vibration or seismic activity. Containers shall be restrained by one of the following methods:

  1. Restraining containers to a fixed object with one or more restraints.
  2. Restraining containers within a framework, stand or assembly designed to secure the container.
  3. Restraining containers by locating a container against two points of contact such as the walls of a corner of a room or a wall and a secure furnishing or object such as a desk.

Containers shall be handled by use of a cart or hand truck designed for such use.

Exceptions:

  1. Liquid oxygen home care containers equipped with a roller base.
  2. Liquid oxygen ambulatory containers are allowed to be hand carried.
The filling of containers shall be in accordance with Sections 6306.3.6.1 through 6306.3.6.3.

Liquid oxygen home care containers and ambulatory containers shall be filled outdoors.

Exception: Liquid oxygen ambulatory containers are allowed to be filled indoors where the supply container is specifically designed for filling such containers and written instructions are provided by the container manufacturer.

A drip pan compatible with liquid oxygen shall be provided under home care container fill and vent connections during the filling process in order to protect against liquid oxygen spillage from coming into contact with combustible surfaces, including asphalt.
The use of open flames and high-temperature devices shall be in accordance with Section 5003.7.2.

The maximum aggregate quantity of liquid oxygen allowed in storage and in use in each dwelling unit shall be 31.6 gallons (120 L).

Exceptions:

  1. The maximum aggregate quantity of liquid oxygen allowed in Group I-4 occupancies shall be limited by the maximum allowable quantity set forth in Table 5003.1.1(1).
  2. Where individual sleeping rooms are separated from the remainder of the dwelling unit by fire barriers constructed in accordance with Section 707 of the California Building Code, and horizontal assemblies constructed in accordance with Section 711 of the California Building Code, or both, having a minimum fire-resistance rating of 1 hour, the maximum aggregate quantity per dwelling unit shall be increased to allow not more than 31.6 gallons (120 L) of liquid oxygen per sleeping room.
Smoking shall be prohibited in rooms or areas where liquid oxygen is in use.
Warning signs for occupancies using home health care liquid oxygen shall be in accordance with Sections 6306.6.1 and 6306.6.2.
A sign stating “OXYGEN— NO SMOKING” shall be posted in each room or area where liquid oxygen containers are stored, used or filled.
Where required by the fire code official, each dwelling unit or sleeping unit shall have an approved sign indicating that the unit contains liquid oxygen home care containers.
Where required by the fire code official, the liquid oxygen seller shall notify the fire department of the locations of liquid oxygen home care containers.
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