Chapter 1 Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 General Regulations

Chapter 4 Plumbing Fixtures and Fixture Fittings

Chapter 5 Water Heaters

Chapter 6 Water Supply and Distribution

Chapter 7 Sanitary Drainage

Chapter 8 Indirect Wastes

Chapter 9 Vents

Chapter 10 Traps and Interceptors

Chapter 11 Storm Drainage

Chapter 12 Fuel Gas Piping

Chapter 13 Health Care Facilities and Medical Gas and Medical Vacuum Systems

Chapter 14 Firestop Protection

Chapter 15 Alternate Water Sources for Nonpotable Applications

Chapter 16 Nonpotable Rainwater Catchment Systems

Chapter 16A Non-Potable Water Reuse Systems

Chapter 17 Referenced Standards

Appendices [PDF]

Appendix A Recommended Rules for Sizing the Water Supply System

Appendix B Explanatory Notes on Combination Waste and Vent Systems

Appendix C Alternate Plumbing Systems

Appendix D Sizing Storm Water Drainage Systems

Appendix E Manufactured/Mobile Home Parks and Recreational Vehicle Parks

Appendix F Firefighter Breathing Air Replenishment Systems

Appendix G Sizing of Venting Systems

Appendix H Private Sewage Disposal Systems

Appendix J Combination of Indoor and Outdoor Combustion and Ventilation Opening Design

Appendix K Potable Rainwater Catchment Systems

Appendix L Sustainable Practices

The provisions of this appendix shall apply to the installation, construction, alteration, and repair of potable rainwater catchment systems.
Potable rainwater catchment systems in accordance with this appendix shall be designed by a registered design professional or person deemed competent by the Authority Having Jurisdiction to perform potable rainwater catchment system design work.
It shall be unlawful for a person to construct, install, or alter, or cause to be constructed, installed, or altered a potable rainwater catchment systems in a building or on a premise without first obtaining a permit to do such work from the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
No permit for a rainwater catchment system requiring a permit shall be issued until complete plumbing plans, with data satisfactory to the Authority Having Jurisdiction, have been submitted and approved. No changes or connections shall be made to either the rainfall catchment or the potable water system within a site containing a rainwater catchment water system without approval by the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
No changes or connections shall be made to either the rainwater catchment system or the potable water system within a site containing a rainwater catchment system requiring a permit without approval by the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
System components shall be properly identified as to the manufacturer.
Pipe, pipe fittings, traps, fixtures, material, and devices used in a potable rainwater system shall be listed or labeled (third-party certified) by a listing agency (accredited conformity assessment body) and shall be in accordance with approved applicable recognized standards referenced within this code, and shall be free from defects. Unless otherwise provided for in this appendix, materials, fixtures, or devices used or entering into the construction of plumbing systems, or parts thereof, shall be submitted to the Authority Having Jurisdiction for approval.
Potable rainwater catchment systems and components shall be inspected and maintained in accordance with Section K 101.5.1 through Section K 101.5.3.
Potable rainwater catchment systems and components shall be inspected and maintained in accordance with Table K 101.5 unless more frequent inspection and maintenance is required by the manufacturer.

TABLE K 101.5
MINIMUM POTABLE RAINWATER CATCHMENT SYSTEM TESTING, INSPECTION, AND MAINTENANCE FREQUENCY
DESCRIPTION MINIMUM FREQUENCY
Inspect and clean filters and screens, and replace (where necessary). Every 3 months
Inspect and verify that disinfection,filters and Water quality treatment devices and systems are operational. Perform water quality tests in accordance with the Authority Having Jurisdiction. In accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, and the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
Perform applicable water quality tests to verify compliance with Section K104.2 Every 3 months
Perform a water quality test for E. Coli, Total Coliform, and Heterotrophic bacteria. For a system where 25 different people consume water from the system over a 60 day period, a water quality test for cryptosporidium shall be performed. After initial installation and every 12 months thereafter, or as directed by the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
Inspect and clear debris from rainwater gutters, downspouts, and roof washers. Every 6 months
Inspect and clear debris from roof or other aboveground rainwater collection surface. Every 6 months
Remove tree branches and vegetation overhanging roof or other aboveground rainwater collection surface. As needed
Inspect pumps and verify operation. After initial installation and every 12 months thereafter
Inspect valves and verify operation. After initial installation and every 12 months thereafter
Inspect pressure tanks and verify operation. After initial installation and every 12 months thereafter
Clear debris and inspect storage tanks,locking devices, and verify operation. After initial installation and every 12 months thereafter
Inspect caution labels and marking. After initial installation and every 12 months thereafter
A maintenance log for potable rainwater catchment systems shall be maintained by the property owner and be available for inspection. The property owner or designated appointee shall ensure that a record of testing, inspection, and maintenance in accordance with Table K 101.5 is maintained in the log. The log will indicate the frequency of inspection, and maintenance for each system. A record of the required water quality tests shall be retained for not less than 2 years.
The required maintenance and inspection of potable rainwater catchment systems shall be the responsibility of the property owner, unless otherwise required by the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
An operation and maintenance manual for potable rainwater catchment systems shall be supplied to the building owner by the system designer. The operating and maintenance manual shall include the following:
  1. Detailed diagram of the entire system and the location of system components.
  2. Instructions on operating and maintaining the system.
  3. Details on maintaining the required water quality as determined by the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
  4. Details on deactivating the system for maintenance, repair, or other purposes.
  5. Applicable testing, inspection, and maintenance frequencies in accordance with Table K 101.5.
  6. A method of contacting the manufacturer(s).
The minimum water quality for potable rainwater catchment systems shall comply with the applicable water quality requirements as determined by the public health Authority Having Jurisdiction.
In addition to the requirements of this appendix, potable rainwater catchment systems shall be constructed of materials that are compatible with the type of pipe and fitting materials and water conditions in the system.
Controls for pumps, valves, and other devices that contain mercury that come in contact with the water supply shall not be permitted.
No water piping supplied by a potable rainwater catchment system shall be connected to a source of supply without the approval of the Authority Having Jurisdiction, Health Department, or other department having jurisdiction.
Potable rainwater catchment systems shall have no direct connection to a public or private potable water supply or alternate water source system. Potable water from a public or private potable water system is permitted to be used as makeup water to the rainwater storage tank provided the public or private potable water supply connection is protected by an air gap or reducedpressure principle backflow preventer in accordance with this code.
The potable rainwater catchment system shall be protected against backflow in accordance with this code.
The collection surface for potable applications shall be constructed of a hard, impervious material and shall be approved for potable water use. Roof coatings, paints, and liners shall comply with NSF Protocol P151.
Roof paints and coatings with lead, chromium, or zinc shall not be permitted. Wood roofing material and lead flashing shall not be permitted.
Materials used in rainwater catchment drainage systems, including gutters, downspouts, conductors, and leaders shall be in accordance with the requirements of this code for storm drainage.
Rainwater storage shall comply with Section K 104.4.
Potable rainwater supply and distribution materials shall comply with the requirements of this code for potable water supply and distribution systems.
Rainwater shall be collected from roof or other cleanable aboveground surfaces specifically designed for rainwater catchment. A rainwater catchment system shall not collect rainwater from:
  1. Vehicular parking surfaces
  2. Surface water runoff
  3. Bodies of standing water
Overflows, condensate, and bleed-off pipes from roof-mounted equipment and appliances shall not discharge onto roof surfaces that are intended to collect rainwater.
Upon initial system startup, the quality of the water for the intended application shall be verified at the point(s) of use as determined by the Authority Having Jurisdiction. In the absence of water quality requirements determined by the Authority Having Jurisdiction, the minimum water quality shall be in accordance with Table K 104.2(1). Normal system maintenance will require system testing every 3 months. Systems shall comply with Table K 104.2(2).

TABLE K 104.2(1)
MINIMUM WATER QUALITY1, 2
Escherichia coli(fecal coliform) 99.9% reduction
Protozoan Cysts 99.99% reduction
Viruses 99.99% reduction
Turbidity <0.3 NTU
Notes:
1   Upon failure of the fecal coliform test, the system shall be re-commissioned involving cleaning and retesting in accordance with Section K 104.2.

2   One sample shall be analyzed for applications serving up to 1000 persons. Where the treated water shall serve 1000 - 2500 persons two samples shall be analyzed, and for 2501 - 3300 persons three samples shall be analyzed.

TABLE K 104.2(2)
MINIMUM SYSTEM MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS1, 2
Escherichia coli(fecal coliform) 99.9% reduction
Turbidity <0.3 NTU
Notes:
1   Upon failure of the fecal coliform test, the system shall be re-commissioned involving cleaning and retesting in accordance with Section K 104.2.

2   One sample shall be analyzed for applications serving up to 1000 persons. Where the treated water shall serve 1000 - 2500 persons two samples shall be analyzed, and for 2501 - 3300 persons three samples shall be analyzed.
Potable water filters shall comply with NSF 53 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.
Chlorination, ozone, ultraviolet, or other disinfection methods approved by the Authority Having Jurisdiction, or the product is listed and certified according to a microbiological reduction performance standard for drinking water, shall be used to treat harvested rainwater to meet the required water quality permitted. The disinfection devices and systems shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturers installation instructions and the conditions of listing. Disinfection devices and systems shall be located downstream of the storage tank.
Tree branches and vegetation shall not be located over the roof or other aboveground rainwater collection surface. Where existing tree branch and vegetation growth extends over the rainwater collection surface, it shall be removed in accordance with Section K 101.5.
Rainwater storage tanks shall be installed in accordance with Section K 104.4.1 through Section K 104.4.7.
Rainwater storage tanks shall be constructed of solid, durable materials not subject to excessive corrosion or decay and shall be watertight. Storage tanks shall be approved by the Authority Having Jurisdiction for potable water applications, provided such tanks are in accordance with approved applicable standards.
Rainwater storage tanks shall be permitted to be installed above or below grade.
Above grade storage tanks shall be of an opaque material, approved for aboveground use in direct sunlight, or shall be shielded from direct sunlight. Tanks shall be installed in an accessible location to allow for inspection and cleaning. The tank shall be installed on a foundation or platform that is constructed to accommodate loads in accordance with the building code.
Rainwater storage tanks installed below grade shall be structurally designed to withstand anticipated earth or other loads. Holding tank covers shall be capable of supporting an earth load of not less than 300 pounds per square foot (lb/ft2) (1465 kg/m2) where the tank is designed for underground installation. Below grade rainwater tanks installed underground shall be provided with manholes. The manhole opening shall be not less than 20 inches (508 mm) in diameter and located not less than 4 inches (102 mm) above the surrounding grade. The surrounding grade shall be sloped away from the manhole. Underground tanks shall be ballasted, anchored, or otherwise secured, to prevent the tank from floating out of the ground where empty. The combined weight of the tank and hold down system shall meet or exceed the buoyancy force of the tank.
Rainwater storage tanks shall be provided with a means of draining and cleaning. The overflow drain shall not be equipped with a shutoff valve. The overflow outlet shall discharge in accordance with this code for storm drainage systems. Where discharging to the storm drainage system, the overflow drain shall be protected from backflow of the stonm drainage system by a backwater valve or other approved method.
The overflow outlet shall be sized to accommodate the flow of the rainwater entering the tank and not less than the aggregate cross-sectional area of the inflow pipes.
Rainwater tank openings to the atmosphere shall be protected to prevent the entrance of insects, birds, or rodents into the tank.
Rainwater tank access openings exceeding 12 inches (305 mm) in diameter shall be secured to prevent tampering and unintended entry by either a lockable device or other approved method.
Rainwater tank openings shall not be exposed to direct sunlight.
A device or arrangement of fittings shall be installed at the inlet of the tank to prevent rainwater from disturbing sediment as it enters the tank.
The primary tank outlet shall be located not less than 4 inches (102 mm) above the bottom of the tank, or shall be provided with a floating inlet to draw water from the cistern just below the water surface.
Where venting by means of drainage or overflow piping is not provided, or is considered insufficient, a vent shall be installed on each tank. The vent shall extend from the top of the tank and terminate not less than 6 inches (152 mm) above grade and shall be not less than 1½ inches (40 mm) in diameter. The vent terminal shall be directed downward and covered with a 332 of an inch (2.4 mm) mesh screen to prevent the entry of vermin and insect.
Pumps serving rainwater catchment systems shall be listed for potable water use. Pumps supplying water to water closets, urinals, and trap primers shall be capable of delivering not less than 15 pounds-force per square inch (psi) (103 kPa) residual pressure at the highest and most remote outlet served. Where the water pressure in the rainwater supply system within the building exceeds 80 psi (552 kPa), a pressure reducing valve reducing the pressure to 80 psi (552 kPa) or less to water outlets in the building shall be installed in accordance with this code.
Primary and secondary roof drains, conductors, leaders, overflows, and gutters shall be designed and installed in accordance with this code.
Devices and equipment used to treat rainwater to maintain the minimum water quality requirements determined by the Authority Having Jurisdiction shall be listed or labeled (third-party certified) by a listing agency (accredited conformity assessment body) and approved for the intended application.
Filtration and disinfection systems shall be located after the water storage tank. Where a chlorination system is installed, it shall be installed upstream of filtration systems. Where an ultraviolet disinfection system is installed, a filter not more than 5 microns (5 μm) shall be installed upstream of the disinfection system.
Tanks and piping installed in locations subject to freezing shall be provided with an approved means of freeze protection.
Collected rainwater shall pass through a roof washer or pre-filtration system before the water enters the rainwater storage tank. Roof washer systems shall comply with Section K 104.9.1 through SectionK 104.9.4.
The roof washer shall be sized to direct rainwater containing debris that has accumulated on the collection surface away from the storage tank. ARCSA/ASPE 63 contains additional guidance on acceptable methods of sizing roof washers.
The inlet to the roof washer shall be provided with a debris screen or other approved means that protects the roof washer from the intrusion of debris and vermin. Where the debris screen is installed, the debris screen shall be corrosion resistant and shall have openings not larger than 12 of an inch (12.7 mm).
Water drained from the roof washer or pre-filter shall be diverted away from the storage tank and discharged to a disposal area that does not cause property damage or erosion. Roof washer drainage shall not drain over a public way.
Roof washing systems shall be provided with an automatic means of self draining between rain events.
Filtration and disinfection systems shall be located after the water storage tank. Where a chlorination system is installed, it shall be installed upstream of filtration systems. Where an ultraviolet disinfection system is installed, a filter not more than 5 microns (5 μm) shall be installed upstream of the disinfection system.
Gutters shall maintain a minimum slope and be sized in accordance with this code.
The design and size of rainwater drains, conductors, and leaders shall comply with this code.
Potable rainwater system distribution piping shall be sized in accordance with this code for sizing potable water piping.
The interior surfaces of tanks and equipment shall be clean before they are put into service.
Rainwater catchment systems shall be inspected and tested in accordance with the applicable provisions of this code for testing of potable water and storm drainage systems. Storage tanks shall be filled with water to the overflow opening for a period of 24 hours, and during inspection, or by other means as approved by the Authority Having Jurisdiction. Seams and joints shall be exposed during inspection and checked for water tightness.
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