Chapter 1 Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 General Regulations

Chapter 4 Plumbing Fixtures and Fixture Fittings

Chapter 5 Water Heaters

Chapter 6 Water Supply and Distribution

Chapter 7 Sanitary Drainage

Chapter 8 Indirect Wastes

Chapter 9 Vents

Chapter 10 Traps and Interceptors

Chapter 11 Storm Drainage

Chapter 12 Fuel Gas Piping

Chapter 13 Health Care Facilities and Medical Gas and Medical Vacuum Systems

Chapter 14 Firestop Protection

Chapter 15 Alternate Water Sources for Nonpotable Applications

Chapter 16 Nonpotable Rainwater Catchment Systems

Chapter 16A Non-Potable Water Reuse Systems

Chapter 17 Referenced Standards

Appendices [PDF]

Appendix A Recommended Rules for Sizing the Water Supply System

Appendix B Explanatory Notes on Combination Waste and Vent Systems

Appendix C Alternate Plumbing Systems

Appendix D Sizing Storm Water Drainage Systems

Appendix E Manufactured/Mobile Home Parks and Recreational Vehicle Parks

Appendix F Firefighter Breathing Air Replenishment Systems

Appendix G Sizing of Venting Systems

Appendix H Private Sewage Disposal Systems

Appendix J Combination of Indoor and Outdoor Combustion and Ventilation Opening Design

Appendix K Potable Rainwater Catchment Systems

Appendix L Sustainable Practices

The M/H park plumbing and drainage systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with the requirements of this appendix and the requirements of this code.
For purposes of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply:
Manufactured/Mobile Home. A structure transportable in one or more sections, which in the traveling mode is 8 feet (2438 mm) or more in width and 40 feet (12192 mm) or more in length or, where erected on site, is 320 square feet (29.73 m2) or more, and which is built on a permanent chassis, and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation where connected to the required utilities. It includes the plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and electrical systems contained therein. For further clarification of definition, see Federal Regulation 24 CFR.
Manufactured/Mobile Home Accessory Building or Structure. A building or structure that is an addition to or supplements the facilities provided to a M/H. It is not a self-contained, separate, habitable building or structure. Examples are awnings, cabanas, ramadas, storage structures, carports, fences, windbreaks, or porches.
Manufactured/Mobile Home Lot. A portion of a M/H park designed for the accommodation of one M/H and its accessory buildings or structures for the exclusive use of the occupants.
Manufactured/Mobile Home Park. A parcel (or contiguous parcels) of land that has been so designated and improved that it contains two or more M/H lots available to the general public for the placement thereon of M/H for occupancy.
Recreational Vehicle (RV). A vehicular-type unit primarily designed as temporary living quarters for recreational, camping, travel, or seasonal use, that either has its own motive power, or is mounted on or towed by another vehicle. The basic entities are camping trailer, fifth-wheel trailer, motor home, park trailer, travel trailer, and truck camper.
Recreational Vehicle Park. A plot of land upon which two or more recreational vehicle sites are located, established, or maintained for occupancy by recreational vehicles of the general public as temporary living quarters for recreation or vacation purpose.
Recreational Vehicle Site. Within a recreational vehicle park, a plot of ground intended for the accommodation of a recreational vehicle, a tent, or other individual camping unit on a temporary basis.
Before plumbing or sewage disposal facilities are installed or altered in a M/H park, duplicate construction documents shall be filed and proper permits obtained from the department or departments having jurisdiction. Plans shall show in detail:
  1. Plot plan of the park drawn to scale, indicating elevations, property lines, driveways, existing or proposed buildings, and the sizes of M/H lots.
  2. Complete specification and piping layout of proposed plumbing systems or alteration.
  3. Complete specification and layout of proposed sewage disposal system or alteration.
  4. The nature and extent of the work proposed, showing clearly that such work will conform to the provisions of this code.
A drainage system shall be provided in M/H parks for conveying and disposing of sewage. Where feasible, connection shall be made to a public system. New improvements shall be designed, constructed, and maintained in accordance with applicable laws and regulations. Where the drainage lines of the M/H park are not connected to a public sewer, proposed sewage disposal facilities shall be approved by the Authority Having Jurisdiction prior to construction.
Pipe and fittings installed underground in M/H park drainage systems shall be of material approved for the purpose. M/H lot drainage inlets and extensions to grade shall be of material approved for underground use within a building.
Drainage (sewage) collection lines shall be located in trenches at an approved depth to be free of breakage from traffic or other movements and shall be separated from the park water supply system as specified in this code. Drainage (sewage) lines shall have a minimum size and slope as specified in Table E 203.1(1) and Table E 203.1(2).


TABLE E 203.1(1)
DRAINAGE PIPE DIAMETER AND NUMBER OF
FIXTURE UNITS ON DRAINAGE SYSTEM
SIZES OF DRAINAGE
(inches)
MAXIMUM NUMBER
OF FIXTURE UNITS
2* 8
3 35
4 256
5 428
6 720
8 2640
10 4680
12 8200
For SI units: 1 inch = 25 mm
* Except six unit fixtures


TABLE E 203.1(2)
MINIMUM GRADE AND SLOPE OF DRAINAGE PIPE
PIPE SIZE SLOPE
(per 100 feet)
PIPE SIZE SLOPE
(per 100 feet)
inches inches inches inches
2 25 6 8
3 25 8 4
4 15 10 312
5 11 12 3
For SI units: 1 inch = 25 mm, 1 inch per foot = 83.3 mm/m
Each lot shall be provided with a drainage inlet not less than 3 inches (80 mm) in diameter.
The lateral line from the inlet to the sewage drain line shall slope not less than 14 inch per foot (20.8 mm/m). Joints shall be watertight.
Materials used for drainage connections between a M/H and the lot drainage inlet shall be semirigid, corrosion-resistant, non-absorbent, and durable. The inner surface shall be smooth.
Provision shall be made for plugging or capping the sewage drain inlet where a M/H does not occupy the lot. Surface drainage shall be diverted away from the inlet. The rim of the inlet shall extend at a maximum of 4 inches (102 mm) aboveground elevation.
Each lot drainage inlet shall be located in the rear third section and within 4 feet (1219 mm) of the proposed location of the M/H.
Each M/H lot drainage inlet shall be assigned a waste loading value of 12 drainage fixture units, and each park drainage system shall be sized in accordance with Table E 203.1(1) or as provided herein. Drainage laterals shall be not less than 3 inches (80 mm) in diameter.
A park drainage system that exceeds the fixture unit loading of Table E 203.1(1) or in which thc grade and slope of drainage pipe does not meet the minimum specified in Table E 203.1 (2) shall be designed by a registered design professional.
A M/H shall be connected to the lot drainage inlet by means of a drain connector consisting of approved pipe not less than Schedule 40, approved fittings and connectors, and not less in size than the M/H drainage outlet. An approved eleanout shall be provided between the MIH and the lot drainage inlet. The fitting connected to the lot drainage inlet shall be a directional fitting to discharge the flow into the drainage inlet.
A drain connector shall be installed or maintained with a grade not less than 14 inch per foot (20.8 mm/m). A drain connector shall be gastight and no longer than necessary to make the connection betwecn the M/H outlet and the drain inlet on the lot. A flexible connector shall be permitted to be used at the lot drainage inlet area. Each lot drainage inlet shall be capped gastight where not in use.
An accessible and approved supply of potable water shall be provided in each M/H park. Where a public supply of water of approved quantity, quality, and pressure is available at or within the boundary of the park site, connection shall be made thereto and its supply used exclusively. Where an approved public water supply is not available, a private water supply system shall be developed and used as approved by the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
Each M/H lot shall be provided with a water service outlet delivering potable water. The water service outlet riser shall be not less than ¾ of an inch (20 mm) nominal pipe size and capable of delivering 12 water supply fixture units.
Each lot water service outlet shall be located in the rear third section and within 4 fcet (1219 mm) of the proposed location of the M/H.
Each M/H park water distribution system shall be so designed and maintained as to provide a pressure of not less than 20 pounds-force per square inch (psi) (138 kPa) at each M/H lot at maximum operating conditions.
Park water distribution systems shall be designed to deliver a minimum of 12 water supply fixture units to each lot and installed with materials in accordance with Chapter 6, Appendix A, or both of this code
A separate water shutoff valve shall be installed in each water service outlet at each M/H lot. Where a listed backflow protective device is installed, the service shutoff shall be located on the supply side of such device.
Where a condition exists in the plumbing of a M/H that creates a cross-connection, a listed backflow preventer shall be installed in the water service line to the M/H at or near the water service outlet. Where a hose bibb or outlet is installed on the supply outlet riser in addition to the service connector, a listed backflow preventer shall be installed on each additional outlet.
Where it is required to install a backflow preventer at the M/H lot service outlet, a listed pressurerelief valve shall be installed in the water service line on the discharge side of the backflow preventer. Pressure-relief valves shall be set to release at a pressure at a maximum of 150 psi (1034 kPa) . Pressure-relief valves shall discharge toward the ground. Backflow preventers and pressure-relief valves shall be not less than 12 inches (305 mm) above the ground.
Park water service outlets, backflow preventers, and pressure-relief valves shall be protected from damage by vehicles or other causes. Such protection shall be permitted to consist of posts, fencing, or other permanent barriers.
An M/H shall be connected to the park water service outlet by a flexible connector, such as copper or copper alloy or other approved material not less than ¾ of an inch nominal (20 mm) interior diameter.
A permit shall be obtained from the Authority Having Jurisdiction prior to installing water-conditioning equipment on an M/H lot. Approval of the park operator is required on applications for a permit to install such equipment. Where the water-conditioning equipment is of the regenerating type, and the park drainage system discharges into a public sewer, approval of the sanitary district or agency having jurisdiction over the public sewer is required.
Regenerating water-conditioning equipment shall be listed and labeled by an approved listing agency.
Regenerating units shall discharge the effluent of regeneration into a trap not less than 1½ inches (40 mm) in diameter connected to the M/H park drainage system. An approved air gap shall be installed on the discharge line a minimum of 12 inches (305 mm) above the ground.
Installations shall be tested and inspected in accordance with Chapter 3 of this code.
Fuel gas piping systems serving manufactured homes, accessory buildings, or structures and communities shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the applicable provisions of NFPA 54 and NFPA 58. NFPA 31 shall apply to oil fuel-burning systems and shall comply with the criteria of the Authority Having Jurisdiction. [NFPA 501A:4.1.1]
Gas supply connections at sites, where provided from an underground gas supply piping system, shall be located and arranged to permit attachment to a manufactured home (M/H) occupying the site. For the installation of liquefied petroleum gas (LP-Gas) storage systems, the applicable provisions of NFPA 58 shall be followed. [NFPA 501A:4.1.2]
The gas supply to the M/H shall be located within 4 feet (1219 mm) of the M/H stand.

Exception : Gas supply connections for manufactured homes located on all-weather wood, concrete, concrete block foundation systems or on foundations constructed in accordance with the local building code or, in the absence of a local code, with a recognized model building code. [NFPA 501A:4.1.3]
Fuel gas equipment and installations shall comply with this appendix, except as otherwise permitted or required by this code.
Underground gas piping system installations shall comply with the building code, Section E 402.1.1, and Section E 402.1.2. [NFPA 50IA:4.2.1]
Underground gas piping shall not be installed beneath that portion of a M/H site reserved for the location of a manufactured home or M/H accessory building or structure unless installed in the open-ended gastight conduit of Section E 402.1.2. [NFPA 501A:4.2.1.1]
Open-ended gastight conduit shall comply with the following:
  1. The conduit shall be not less than Schedule 40 pipe that is approved for underground installation beneath buildings.
  2. The interior diameter of the conduit shall be not less than 12 of an inch (15 mm) larger than the outside diameter of the gas piping.
  3. The conduit shall extend to a point not less than 4 inches (102 mm) beyond the outside wall of the M/H, accessory building, or structure, and the outer ends shall not be sealed.
  4. Where the conduit terminates within a M/H, accessory building, or structure, it shall be accessible, and the space between the conduit and the gas piping shall be sealed to prevent leakage of gas into the building. [NFPA 501A:4.2.1.2 - 4.2.1.2.4]
Each M/H site shall have a listed gas shutoff valve installed upstream of the M/H site gas outlet. The gas shutoff valve shall be located on the outlet riser at a height of not less than 6 inches (152 mm) above grade. A gas shutoff valve shall not be located under a M/H. The outlet shall be equipped with a cap or plug to prevent discharge of gas where the M/H site outlet is not connected to a M/H. [NFPA 501A:4.2.2.1 - 4.2.2.4]

Exception: Gas shutoff valves for manufactured homes located on foundations constructed in accordance with the local building code or, in the absence of a local code, with a recognized model building code. [NFPA 501A:4.2.2]
Where installed, gas meters shall be supported by a post or bracket placed on a firm footing or other means providing equivalent support and shall not depend on the gas outlet riser for support. [NFPA 501A:4.2.3.1]
Each gas meter shall be installed in an accessible location and shall be provided with unions or other fittings so that the meter is removed easily and placed in an upright position. Meters shall not be installed in unventilated or inaccessible locations or closer than 3 feet (914 mm) to sources of ignition. [NFPA 501A:4.2.3.2]
Gas meter installations shall be provided with shutoff valves or cocks located adjacent to and on the inlet side of the meters. In the case of a single meter installation utilizing an LP-Gas container, the container service valve shall be permitted to be used in lieu of the shutoff valve or cock. Gas meter installations shall be provided with test tees located adjacent to and on the outlet side of the meters. [NFPA 501A:4.2.4]
Cathodic protection shall be installed for corrosion control of buried or submerged metallic gas piping in accordance with the following requirements:
  1. Where amphoteric metals are included in a buried or submerged pipcline containing a metal of different anodic potential the following protection shall be provided:
    1. The buried or submerged pipeline shall be cathodically protected at a negative (cathodic) voltage of 0.85 volt measured between the structure surface and a saturated copper-copper sulfate half cell contacting the electrolyte.
    2. The amphoteric metals shall be electrically isolated from the remainder of the pipeline with insulating flanges, or equivalent, and cathodically protected.

  2. The amount of cathodic protection shall be such that the protective coating and the pipe are not damaged.
Where 10 or more customers are served by one LP-Gas supply system, the installation of the gas supply system shall be in accordance with 49 CFR 192. Other types of liquefied petroleum gas supply systems and the storage and handling of LP-Gas shall be in accordance with NFPA 58 (see Section E 411.0). [NFPA 501A:4.3.2]
The minimum hourly volume of gas required at each M/H site outlet or a section of the M/H community gas piping system shall be calculated as shown in Table E 407.1. [NFPA 501A:4.3.4.1]


TABLE E 407.1
DEMAND FACTORS FOR USE IN CALCULATING GAS PIPING SYSTEMS IN M/H COMMUNITIES·
[NFPA 501A: TABLE 4.3.4.1]
NUMBER OF
M/H SITES
BRITISH THERMAL UNITS PER
HOUR PER M/H SITE
1 125000
2 117000
3 104000
4 96000
5 92000
6 87000
7 83000
8 81000
9 79000
10 77000
11-20 66000
21-20 62000
31-40 58000
41-60 55000
Over 60 50000
For SI units: 1000 British thermal units per hour = 0.293 kW
* In extreme climate areas, additional capacities shall be considered.
Buried or submerged metallic gas piping shall be protected from corrosion by approved coatings or wrapping materials. Gas pipe protective coatings shall be approved types, machine applied, and shall comply with recognized standards. Field wrapping shall provide equivalent protection and is restricted to those short sections and fittings that are stripped for threading or welding. Risers shall be coated or wrapped to a point of not less than 6 inches (152 mm) above ground. [NFPA 501A:4.3.6.2]
Plastic piping shall be used underground and shall be in accordance with the requirements of ASTM D2513 or ASTM D2517, as well as the design pressure and design limitations of 49 CFR 192.123, and shall otherwise comply with the installation requirements thereof. [NFPA 501A:4.3.6.3]
The size of each section of a gas piping system shall be determined in accordance with NFPA 54, or by other standard engineering methods acceptable to the Authority Having Jurisdiction. [NFPA 501A:4.3.5.1]
Where connected appliances are operated at their rated capacity, the gas supply pressure shall be not less than 7 inches of water column (1.7 kPa). The gas supply pressure shall not exceed 14 inches of water column (3.5 kPa). [NFPA 501A:4.3.5.2]
Metal gas pipe shall be standard-weight wrought iron or steel (galvanized or black), yellow brass containing not more than 75 percent copper, or internally tinned or treated copper of iron pipe size. Galvanizing shall not be considered protection against corrosion.

    Seamless copper or steel tubing shall be permitted to be used with gases not corrosive to such material. Steel tubing shall comply with ASTM A254. Copper tubing shall comply with ASTM B88 or ASTM B280. Copper tubing (unless tin-lined) shall not be used where the gas contains more than an average of 0.3 grains of hydrogen sulfide per 100 standard cubic feet (sct) of gas (0.7 mg/100 L). [NFPA 501A:4.3.6.1]
Gas piping installed below ground level shall have an earth cover of not less than 18 inches (457 mm) and shall be installed with not less than 12 inches (305 mm) of clearance from other underground utility systems. [NFPA 501A:4.3.7.1]
Metallic gas piping systems shall be installed in accordance with approved construction documents, including provisions for cathodic protection. Each cathodic protection system shall be designed and installed in accordance with the provisions of 49 CFR 192. [NFPA 501A:4.3.7.2.1, 4.3.7.2.2]
Where the cathodic protection system is designed to protect the gas piping system, the gas piping system shall be electrically isolated from other underground metallic systems or installations. Where the gas piping system is cathodically protected against corrosion, a dielectric fitting shall be used in the M/H gas connection to insulate the M/H from the underground gas piping system. [NFPA 501A:4.3.7.2.3, 4.3.7.2.4]
Where a cathodic protection system is designed to provide underground metallic systems and installations with protection against corrosion, such systems and installations shall be electrically bonded together and protected as a whole. [NFPA 501A:4.3.7.2.5]
Plastic gas piping shall be used underground and shall be installed with an electrically conductive wire for locating the pipe. The wire used to locate the plastic pipe shall be copper, not less than No. 18 AWG, with insulation approved for direct burial. Portions of a plastic gas piping system consisting of metallic pipe shall be cathodically protected against corrosion. [NFPA 501A:4.3.7.3]
An accessible and identifiable shutoff valve controlling the flow of gas to the entire M/H community gas piping system shall be installed in a location approved by the Authority Having Jurisdiction and near the point of connection to the service piping or to the supply connection of an LP-Gas container. [NFPA 501A:4.3.7.4]
LP-Gas equipment shall be installed in accordance with the applicable provisions of NFPA 58. [NFPA 501A:4.3.8]
The following three methods of supplying oil to an individual M/H site shall be permitted:
  1. Supply from an outside underground tank (see Section E 413.6).
  2. Supply from a centralized oil distribution system designed and installed in accordance with accepted engineering practices and in accordance with NFPA 31.
  3. Supply from an outside aboveground tank (see Section E 413.6). [NFPA 501A:4.3.9]
Oil supply tanks shall have a minimum capacity equal to 20 percent of the average annual oil consumption. [NFPA 501A:4.3.10]
Oil supply connections at M/H sites, where provided from a centralized oil distribution system, shall be located and arranged to permit attachment to a M/H utilizing the stand. [NFPA 501A:4.3.11.1] The installation of such facilities shall comply with the following requirements:
  1. The main distribution pipeline shall be permitted to be connected to a tank or tanks having an aggregate capacity not to exceed 20000 gallons (75708 L) at a point below the liquid level.
  2. Where this piping is so connected, a readily accessible internal or external shutoff valve shall be installed in the piping as close as practicable to the tank.
  3. Where external and aboveground, the shutoff valve and its tank connections shall be made of steel.
  4. Connections between the tank(s) and the main pipeline shall be made with double swing joints or flexible connectors, or shall otherwise be arranged to permit the tank(s) to settle without damaging the system.
  5. Where located aboveground, the connections shall be located within the diked area.
  6. A readily accessible and identified manual shutoff valve shall be installed in each branch supply pipeline that enters a building, mobile home, travel trailer, or other structure. This valve shall be permitted to be either inside or outside of the structure. Where outside, the valve shall be protected from weather and damage. Where inside, the valve shall be located directly adjacent to the point at which the supply line enters the structure.
  7. A device shall be provided in the supply line at or ahead of the point where it enters the interior of the structure that will automatically shut off the oil supply, where the supply line between this device and the appliance is broken. This device shall be located on the appliance side of the manual shutoff valve. This device shall be solidly supported and protected from damage.
  8. Means shall be provided to limit the oil pressure at the appliance inlet to not exceed 3 pounds-force per square inch gauge (psig) (21 kPa). Where a pressure-reducing valve is used, it shall be a type approved for the service.
  9. A device shall be provided that automatically shuts off the oil supply to the appliance where the oil pressure at the appliance inlet exceeds 8 psig (55 kPa).

    Exceptions:

    1. Where the distribution system is supplied from a gravity tank and the maximum hydrostatic head of oil in the tank is such that the pressure at the appliance inlet shall not exceed 8 psig (55 kPa).
    2. Where a means is provided to automatically shut off the oil supply where the pressure-regulating device fails to regulate the pressure as required.
  10. Appliances equipped with primary safety controls specifically listed for the appliance shall be connected to a centralized oil distribution system. [NFPA 31:9.2.10 - 9.2.15]
Each gas supply connector shall be listed for outside M/H use, shall be not more than 6 feet (1829 mm) in length, and shall have a capacity rating to supply the connected load.

Exception: Gas supply connections for manufactured homes located on an all-weather wood, concrete, concrete block foundation system or on a foundation constructed in accordance with the local building code or, in the absence of a local code, with a recognized model building code. [NFPA 501A:4.4.1]
Where it is necessary to extend the M/H inlet to permit con- nection of the 6 foot (1829 mm) listed connector to the site gas outlet, the extension shall be of approved materials of the same size as the M/H inlet and shall be supported at not more than 4 foot (1219 mm) intervals to the M/H. [NFPA 501A:4.4.2]
Gas outlet risers, regulators, meters, valves, or other exposed equipment shall be protected against accidental damage. [NFPA 501A:4.4.3]
Atmospherically controlled regulators shall be installed in such a manner that moisture cannot enter the regulator vent and accumulate above the diaphragm. Where the regulator vent is obstructed due to snow and icing conditions; shields, hoods, or other approved devices shall be provided to guard against closing of the vent opening. [NFPA 501A:4.4.4]
The M/H fuel gas piping system shall be tested with air before it is connected to the gas supply. The M/H gas piping system shall be subjected to a pressure test with appliance shutoff valves in their closed positions. [NFPA 501A:4.4.5]
The fuel gas piping test shall consist of air pressure of not less than 10 inches water column or more than 14 inches water column (2.5 kPa to 3.5 kPa). The fuel gas piping system shall be isolated from the air pressure source and shall maintain this pressure for not less than 10 minutes without perceptible leakage. Upon satisfactory completion of the fuel gas piping test, the appliance valves shall be opened, and the gas appliance connectors shall be tested with soapy water or bubble solution while under the pressure remaining in the piping system. Solutions used for testing for leakage shall not contain corrosive chemicals. Pressure shall be measured with either a manometer, slope gauge, or gauge that is calibrated in either water inch (mm) or psi (kPa), with increments of either 110 of an inch (2.5 mm) or 110 psi (0.7 kPa gauge), as applicable. Upon satisfactory completion of the fuel gas piping test, the M/H gas supply connector shall be installed, and the connections shall be tested with soapy water or bubble solution. [NFPA 501A:4.4.5.1]
The following warning shall be supplied to the installer:

W A R N I N G
Do not overpressurize the fuel gas piping system. Damage to valves, regulators, and appliances is capable of occurring due to pressurization beyond the maximums specified. [NFPA 501A:4.4.5.2]
Gas appliance vents shall be visually inspected to ensure that they have not been dislodged in transit and are connected securely to the appliance. [NFPA 501A:4.4.5.3]
Not more than one 660 gallon (2498 L) tank or two tanks with aggregate capacity of 660 gallons (2498 L) or less shall be connected to one oil-burning appliance. Two supply tanks, where used, shall be cross-con- nected and provided with a single fill and single vent in accordance with NFPA 31, and shall be on a common slab and rigidly secured one to the other. Tanks having a capacity of 660 gallons (2498 L) or less shall be securely supported by rigid, noncombustible supports to prevent settling, sliding, or lifting. [NFPA 501A:4.4.6]
Oil supply tanks shall be installed in accordance with the applicable provisions of NFPA 31. [NFPA 501 A:4.4.6.1]
A tank with a capacity not larger than 60 gallons (227 L) shall be permitted to be a DOT-5 shipping container (drum) and so marked, or a tank constructed in accordance with the provisions of UL 80. Tanks other than DOT-5 shipping containers having a capacity of not more than 660 gallons (2498 L) shall be constructed in accordance with the provisions of UL 80. Pressure tanks shall be constructed in accordance with Section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. [NFPA 501A:4.4.6.2]
Tanks, as described in Section E 413.6 and Section E 413.6.2, that are adjacent to buildings shall be located not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from a property line that is permitted to be built upon. [NFPA 501A:4.4.6.3]
Tanks with a capacity not larger than 660 gallons (2498 L) shall be equipped with an open vent not smaller than l12 inch (40 mm) iron pipe size; tanks with a 500 gallon (1892 L) or less capacity shall have a vent of 114 inch (32 mm) iron pipe size. [NFPA 501A:4.4.6.4]
Tanks shall be provided with a means of determining the liquid level. [NFPA 501A:4.4.6.5]
The fill opening shall be a size and in a location that permits filling without spillage.[NFPA 501A:4.4.6.6]
Fuel gas supply systems installed in a M/H accessory building or structure shall be in accordance with the applicable provisions of NFPA 54 and NFPA 58. Fuel oil supply systems shall comply with the applicable provisions of NFPA 31. [NFPA 501A:4.5]
Fuel gas piping and equipment installed within a permanent building in a M/H community shall be in accordance with nationally recognized appliance and fuel gas piping codes and standards adopted by the Authority Having Jurisdiction. Where the state or other political subdivision does not assume jurisdiction, such fuel gas piping and equipment installations shall be designed and installed in accordance with the applicable provisions of NFPA 54 or NFPA 58. [NFPA 501A:4.6.1]
Oil burning equipment and installation within a M/H community shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the applicable codes and standards adopted by the Authority Having Jurisdiction. Where the state or other political subdivision does not assume jurisdiction, such installations shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the applicable provisions of NFPA 31. [NFPA 501A:4.6.2]
Oil burning equipment and installation within a building constructed in a M/H community in accordance with the local building code or a nationally recognized building code shall be in accordance with nationally recognized codes and standards adopted by the Authority Having Jurisdiction. Where the state or other political subdivision does not assume jurisdiction, such oil-burning equipment and installations shall be designed and installed in accordance with the applicable provisions of NFPA 31. [NFPA 501A:4.6.3]
Inspections and tests for fuel gas piping shall be made in accordance with Chapter 1 and Chapter 12 of this code.
Plumbing systems shall be installed in accordance with the plumbing codes of the Authority Having Jurisdiction and with this appendix.
Water closets and urinals shall be provided at one or more locations in a recreational vehicle park. They shall be of convenient access and shall be located within a 500 foot (152 m) radius from a recreational vehicle site not provided with an individual sewer connection.
Facilities for males and females shall be appropriately marked.
Not less than one water closet shall be provided for each sex up to the first 25 sites. For each additional 25 sites not provided with sewer connections, an additional water closet shall be provided.
The interior finish of walls shall be moisture resistant to a height of not less than 4 feet (1219 mm) to facilitate washing and cleaning.
The floors shall be constructed of material impervious to water and shall be easily cleanable. A building having water-supplied water closets shall be provided with a floor drain in the toilet room. This drain shall be provided with means to protect the trap seal in accordance with this code.
Where water-supplied water closets are provided, an equal number of lavatories shall be provided for up to six water closets. One additional lavatory shall be provided for each two water closets where more than six water closets are required. Each lavatory basin shall have a piped supply of potable water and shall drain into the drainage system.
Where separate facilities are provided for men and women, urinals shall be acceptable for not more than one-third of the water closets required in the men's facilities, except that one urinal shall be permitted to be used to replace a water closet in a minimum park.Individual stall or wall-hung types of urinals shall be installed. Floor-type trough units shall be prohibited.
Water closets shall be of an approved, elongated bowl type and shall be provided with seats with open fronts.
Each water closet shall be in a separate compartment and shall be provided with a latched door for privacy. A holder or dispenser for toilet paper shall be provided. Dividing walls or partitions shall be not less than 5 feet (1524 mm) high and shall be separated from the floor by a space not exceeding 12 inches (305 mm).
Water closet compartments shall be not less than 30 inches (762 mm) in width [no water closet shall be set closer than 15 inches (381 mm) from its center to a side wall] and shall be not less than 30 inches (762 mm) of clear space in front of each water closet.
Each toilet room for women shall be provided with a receptacle for sanitary napkins. The receptacle shall be of durable, impervious, readily cleanable material, and shall be provided with a lid.
Each shower, where provided, shall have a floor area of 36 inches by 36 inches (914 mm by 914 mm), shall be capable of encompassing a 30 inch (762 mm)diameter circle and shall be of the individual type. The shower area shall be visually screened from view with a minimum floor area of 36 by 36 inches (914 mm by 914 mm) per shower. Each shall be provided with individual dressing areas screened from view and shall contain a minimum of one clothing hook and stool (or bench area)
Each shower area shall be designed to minimize the flow of water into the dressing area and shall be connected to the drainage system by means of a properly trapped and vented inlet. Each such area shall have an impervious, skid-resistant surface; wooden racks (duckboards) over shower floors shall be prohibited.
A toilet facility shall have a ceiling height of not less than 7 feet (2134 mm) and, unless artificial light is provided, a window or skylight area equal to not less than 10 percent of the floor area shall be provided.

     Doors to the exterior shall open outward, be self closing, and shall be visually screened by means of a vestibule or wall to prevent direct view of the interior where the exterior doors are open. Such screening shall not be required on single toilet units.
A toilet facility shall have permanent,non-closable, screened opening(s), having a total area not less than 5 percent of the floor area and opening directly to the exterior in order to provide proper ventilation. Listed exhaust fan(s), vented to the exterior, the rating of which in cubic feet per minute (L/s) is not less than 25 percent of the total volume of the room(s) served, shall be considered as meeting the requirements of this section. Openable windows and vents to the outside shall be provided with fly-proof screens of not less than number 16 mesh..
The supply or supplies of water shall comply with the potable water standards of the state, local health authority or, in the absence thereof, with the Drinking Water Standard of the Federal Environmental Protection Agency.
Water approved by a regulating agency shall be acceptable. Where an approved public water supply system is available, it shall be used. Where the park has its own water supply system, the components of the system shall be approved. A water supply system that is used on a seasonal basis shall be provided with means for draining.
The potable water supply shall not be connected to a nonpotable or unapproved water supply, nor be subjected to backflow or backsiphonage.
The water supply system shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the following:
  1. A minimum of 25 gallons (95 L) per day per site for sites without individual water connections.
  2. A minimum of 50 gallons (189 L) per day per site for sites with individual water connections.
  3. A minimum of 50 gallons (189 L) per day per site where water-supplied water closets are provided in restrooms.
Where water is distributed under pressure to an individual site, the water supply system shall be designed to provide a minimum flow pressure of not less than 20 psi (138 kPa) with a minimum flow of 2 gallons per minute (gpm) (0.1 L/s) at an outlet. The pressure shall not exceed 80 psi (552 kPa).
Water outlets shall be convenient to access and, where not piped to individual RV sites, shall not exceed 300 feet (91440 mm) from a site. Provisions shall be made to prevent accumulation of standing water or the creation of muddy conditions at each water outlet.
Water storage tanks shall be constructed of impervious materials, protected against contamination, and provided with locked, watertight covers. Overflow or ventilation openings shall be down-facing and provided with corrosion-resistant screening of not less than number 24 mesh to prevent the entrance of insects and vermin. Water storage tanks shall not have direct connections to sewers.
Where provided, the water connections for potable water to individual recreational vehicle sites shall be located on the left rear half of the site (left side of RV) within 4 feet (1219 mm) of the stand.
Each potable water connection shall consist of a water riser pipe that is equipped with a threaded male spigot located not less than 12 inches (305 mm) but not more than 24 inches (610 mm) above grade level for the attachment of a standard water hose. The water riser pipe shall be protected from physical damage in accordance with this code. This connection shall be equipped with a listed antisiphon backflow prevention device.
Where provided, drinking fountains shall be in accordance with the requirements of this code.
An approved drainage system shall be provided in RV parks for conveying and disposing of sewage. Where available, parks shall be connected to a public sewer system.
Pipe and fittings installed in the drainage system shall be of material listed, approved, and installed in accordance with this code.
The minimum diameters of drainage laterals, branches, and mains serving RV sites shall be in accordance with Table E 903.1

TABLE E 903.1
PIPE SIZES
MAXIMUM NUMBER OF
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE
STANDS SERVED
MINIMUM PIPE SIZES
(inches)
5 3
36 4
71 5
120 6
440 8
For SI units: 1 inch = 25 mm
Sewer lines shall be located to prevent damage from vehicular traffic.
Cleanouts shall be provided in accordance with Chapter 7 of this code.
Where provided, the site drainage system inlet connections for individual RVs shall be located so as to prevent damage by the parking of RVs or automobiles and shall consist of a sewer riser extending vertically to grade. The minimum diameter of the sewer riser pipe shall be not less than 3 inches (80 mm) in diameter, and shall be provided with a 4 inch (100 mm) inlet or not less than a 3 inch (80 mm) female fitting.
Where provided, the sewer inlet to individual RV sites shall be located on the left rear half of the site (left side of the RV) within 4 feet (1219 mm) of the stand.
The sewer riser pipe shall be firmly imbedded in the ground and protected against damage from movement. It shall be provided with a tight-fitting plug or cap, which shall be secured by a durable chain (or equivalent) to prevent loss.
One RV sanitary disposal station shall be provided for each 100 RV sites, or part thereof, which are not equipped with individual drainage system connections.
Each station shall be level and convenient of access from the service road and shall provide easy ingress and egress for recreational vehicles.
Unless other approved means are used, each station shall have a concrete slab with the drainage system inlet located so as to be on the road (left) side of the recreational vehicle. The slab shall be not less than 3 feet by 3 feet (914 mm by 914 mm), not less than 31/2 inches (89 mm) thick and properly reinforced. The slab surface is to be troweled to a smooth finish and sloped from each side inward to a drainage system inlet.

     The drainage system inlet shall consist of a 4 inch (102 mm), self-closing, foot-operated hatch of approved material with the cover milled to fit tight. The hatch body shall be set in the concrete of the slab with the lip of the opening flush with its surface to facilitate the cleansing of the slab with water. The hatch shall be properly connected to a drainage system inlet, which shall discharge to an approved sanitary sewage disposal facility.
Where the recreational vehicle park is provided with a piped water supply system, means for flushing the recreational vehicle holding tank and the sanitary disposal station slab shall be provided that consists of a piped supply of water under pressure, terminating in an outlet located and installed so as to prevent damage by automobiles or recreational vehicles. The flushing device shall consist of a properly supported riser terminating not less than 2 feet (610 mm) above the ground surface, with a ¾ of an inch (20 mm) valved outlet adaptable for a flexible hose.
     The water supply to the flushing device shall be protected from backflow by means of a listed vacuum breaker or backflow prevention device located downstream from the last shutoff valve.
     Adjacent to the flushing arrangement shall be posted a sign of durable material not less than 2 feet by 2 feet (610 mm by 610 mm) in size. Inscribed thereon in clearly legible letters shall be the following:
"DANGER - NOT TO BE USED FOR DRINKING OR DOMESTIC PURPOSES."
A potable watering station, where provided for filling recreational vehicle potable water tanks, shall be located not less than 50 feet (15 240 mm) from a sanitary disposal station. Where such is provided, adjacent to the potable water outlet there shall be a posted sign of durable material not less than 2 feet by 2 feet (610 mm by 610 mm) in size. Inscribed thereon in clear legible letters on a contrasting background shall be:
"POTABLE WATER. NOT TO BE USED FOR FLUSHING WASTE TANKS."
     The potable water shall be protected from backflow by means of a listed vacuum breaker located downstream from the last shutoff valve.
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