Chapter 1 Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 General Regulations

Chapter 4 Plumbing Fixtures and Fixture Fittings

Chapter 5 Water Heaters

Chapter 6 Water Supply and Distribution

Chapter 7 Sanitary Drainage

Chapter 8 Indirect Wastes

Chapter 9 Vents

Chapter 10 Traps and Interceptors

Chapter 11 Storm Drainage

Chapter 12 Fuel Gas Piping

Chapter 13 Health Care Facilities and Medical Gas and Medical Vacuum Systems

Chapter 14 Firestop Protection

Chapter 15 Alternate Water Sources for Nonpotable Applications

Chapter 16 Nonpotable Rainwater Catchment Systems

Chapter 16A Non-Potable Water Reuse Systems

Chapter 17 Referenced Standards

Appendices [PDF]

Appendix A Recommended Rules for Sizing the Water Supply System

Appendix B Explanatory Notes on Combination Waste and Vent Systems

Appendix C Alternate Plumbing Systems

Appendix D Sizing Storm Water Drainage Systems

Appendix E Manufactured/Mobile Home Parks and Recreational Vehicle Parks

Appendix F Firefighter Breathing Air Replenishment Systems

Appendix G Sizing of Venting Systems

Appendix H Private Sewage Disposal Systems

Appendix J Combination of Indoor and Outdoor Combustion and Ventilation Opening Design

Appendix K Potable Rainwater Catchment Systems

Appendix L Sustainable Practices

This chapter shall govern the materials, design, and installation of storm water drainage systems.
Roofs, paved areas, yards, courts, courtyards, vent shafts, light wells, or similar areas having rainwater, shall be drained into a separate storm sewer system, or into a combined sewer system where a separate storm sewer system is not available, or to some other place of disposal satisfactory to the Authority Having Jurisdiction. In the case of one- and two-family dwellings, storm water shall be permitted to be discharged on flat areas, such as streets or lawns, so long as the storm water shall flow away from the building and away from adjoining property, and shall not create a nuisance.
Storm water shall not be drained into sewers intended for sanitary drainage.
Pipe, tube, and fittings conveying rainwater shall be of such materials and design as to perform their intended function to the satisfaction of the Authority Having Jurisdiction. Conductors within a vent or shaft shall be of cast-iron, galvanized steel, wrought iron, copper, copper alloy, lead, Schedule 40 ABS DWV, Schedule 40 PVC DWV, stainless steel 304 or 316L [stainless steel 304 pipe and fittings shall not be installed underground and shall be kept not less than 6 inches (152 mm) aboveground], or other approved materials, and changes in direction shall be in accordance with the requirements of Section 706.0. ABS and PVC DWV piping installations shall be installed in accordance with this code, and the California Building Code. Except for individual single-family dwelling units, materials exposed within ducts or plenums shall have a flame-spread index of not more than 25 and a smoke developed index of not more than 50, where tested in accordance with ASTM E84 or UL 723.

[HCD 1 & HCD 2]  ABS or PVC installations are limited to not more than two stories of areas of residential accommodation.

[OSHPD 1, 2, 3, & 4] ABS and PVC installations are not allowed.
Joints and connections in copper and copper alloy pipe and tube shall be installed in accordance with Section 705.3 .
Conductors installed aboveground in buildings shall be in accordance with the applicable standards referenced in Table 701.2 for aboveground drain, waste, and vent pipe. Conductors installed above ground level shall be of seamless copper water tube, Type K, L, or M; Schedule 40 copper pipe or Schedule 40 copper alloy pipe; Type DWV copper drainage tube; service weight cast-iron soil pipe or hubless cast-iron soil pipe; standard weight galvanized steel pipe; stainless steel 304 or 316L [stainless steel 304 pipe and fittings shall not be installed underground and shall be kept not less than 6 inches (152 mm) aboveground]; or Schedule 40 ABS or Schedule 40 PVC plastic pipe.
ABS or PVC installations are limited to not more than two stories of areas of residential accommodation.
ABS and PVC installations are not allowed.
Leaders installed outside shall be in accordance with the applicable standards referenced in Table 701.2 for aboveground drain, waste, and vent pipe; aluminum sheet metal; galvanized steel sheet metal; or copper sheet metaL
Underground building storm drains shall comply with the applicable standards referenced in Table 701.2 for underground drain, waste, and vent pipe.
Building storm sewers shall comply with the applicable standards referenced in Table 701.2 for building sewer pipe.
Subsoil drains shall be open jointed, perforated, or both and constructed of materials in accordance with Table 1101.4.6.
TABLE 1101.4.6
MATERIALS FOR SUBSOIL DRAIN PIPE AND FITTINGS
MATERIAL REFERENCED STANDARD(S)
PE ASTM F405
PVC ASTM D2729
Vitrified Clay (Extra strength) ASTM C4, ASTM C700
Expansion joints or sleeves shall be provided where warranted by temperature variations or physical conditions.
Subsoil drains shall be provided around the perimeter of buildings having basements, cellars, crawl spaces, or floors below grade. Such subsoil drains shall be permitted to be positioned inside or outside of the footing. shall be of perforated or open-jointed approved drain tile or pipe, not less than 3 inches (80 mm) in diameter, and shall be laid in gravel, slag, crushed rock. approved ¾ of an inch (19.1 mm) crushed, recycled glass aggregate, or other approved porous material with not less than 4 inches (102 mm) surrounding the pipe. Filter media shall be provided for exterior subsoil piping.

Exception: [HCD 1 & HCD 2] Subsoil drains are mandatory only when required by the Authority Having Jurisdiction due to geological conditions.
Subsoil drains shall be piped to a storm drain, to an approved water course, to the front street curb or gutter, to an alley, or the discharge from the subsoil drains shall be conveyed to the alley by a concrete gutter. Where a continuously flowing spring or groundwater is encountered, subsoil drains shall be piped to a storm drain or an approved water course.
Where it is not possible to convey the drainage by gravity, subsoil drains shall discharge to an accessible sump provided with an approved automatic electric pump. The sump shall be not less than 15 inches (381 mm) in diameter, 18 inches (457 mm) in depth, and provided with a fitted cover. The sump pump shall have an adequate capacity to discharge water coming into the sump as it accumulates to the required discharge point, and the capacity of the pump shall be not less than 15 gallons per minute (gpm) (0.95 L/s). The discharge piping from the sump pump shall be not less than ½ inches (40 mm) in diameter and have a union or other approved quick-disconnect assembly to make the pump accessible for servicing.
For separate dwellings not serving continuously flowing springs or groundwater, the sump discharge pipe shall be permitted to discharge onto a concrete splash block with a minimum length of 24 inches (610 mm). This pipe shall be within 4 inches (102 mm) of the splash block and positioned to direct the flow parallel to the recessed line of the splash block.
Subsoil drains subject to backflow where discharging into a storm drain shall be provided with a backwater valve in the drain line so located as to be accessible for inspection and maintenance.
Nothing in Section 1101.6 shall prevent drains that serve either subsoil drains or areaways of a detached building from discharging to a properly graded open area, provided that:
  1. They do not serve continuously flowing springs or groundwater
  2. The point of discharge is not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from a property line
  3. It is impracticable to discharge such drains to a storm drain, to an approved water course, to the front street curb or gutter, or to an alley.
Building subdrains located below the public sewer level shall discharge into a sump or receiving tank, the contents of which shall be automatically lifted and discharged into the drainage system as required for building sumps.
Open subsurface space adjacent to a building, serving as an entrance to the basement or cellar of a building, shall be provided with a drain or drains. Such areaway drains shall be not less than 2 inches (50 mm) in diameter for areaways at a maximum of 100 square feet (9.29 m2) in area, and shall be discharged in the manner provided for subsoil drains not serving continuously flowing springs or groundwater (see Section 1101.6.1). Areaways in excess of 100 square feet (9.29 m2) shall not drain into subsoil drains. Areaway drains for areaways exceeding 100 square feet (9.29 m2) shall be sized in accordance with Table 1101.8.
TABLE 1101.8
SIZING OF HORIZONTAL RAINWATER PIPING1, 2
SIZE OF PIPE FLOW
(⅛ inch per foot
slope)
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE HORIZONTAL PROJECTED ROOF AREAS
AT VARIOUS RAINFALL RATES
(square feet)
inches gpm 1 (in/h) 2 (in/h) 3 (in/h) 4 (in/h) 5 (in/h) 6 (in/h)
3 34 3288 1644 1096 822 657 548
4 78 7520 3760 2506 1880 1504 1253
5 139 13360 6680 4453 3340 2672 2227
6 222 21400 10700 7133 5350 4280 3566
8 478 46000 23000 15330 11500 9200 7670
10 860 82800 41400 27600 20700 16580 13800
12 1384 133200 66600 44400 33300 26650 22200
15 2473 238000 119000 79333 59500 47600 39650

SIZE OF PIPE FLOW
(¼ inch per foot
slope)
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE HORIZONTAL PROJECTED ROOF AREAS
AT VARIOUS RAINFALL RATES
(square feet)
inches gpm 1 (in/h) 2 (in/h) 3 (in/h) 4 (in/h) 5 (in/h) 6 (in/h)
3 48 4640 2320 1546 1160 928 773
4 110 10600 5300 3533 2650 2120 1766
5 196 18880 9440 6293 4720 3776 3146
6 314 30200 15100 10066 7550 6040 5033
8 677 65200 32600 21733 16300 13040 10866
10 1214 116800 58400 38950 29200 23350 19450
12 1953 188000 94000 62600 47000 37600 31350
15 3491 336000 168000 112000 84000 67250 56000

SIZE OF PIPE FLOW
(½ inch per foot
slope)
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE HORIZONTAL PROJECTED ROOF AREAS
AT VARIOUS RAINFALL RATES
(square feet)
inches gpm 1 (in/h) 2 (in/h) 3 (in/h) 4 (in/h) 5 (in/h) 6 (in/h)
3 68 6576 3288 2192 1644 1310 1096
4 156 15040 7520 5010 3760 3010 2500
5 278 26720 13360 8900 6680 5320 4450
6 445 42800 21400 14267 10700 8580 7140
8 956 92000 46000 30650 23000 18400 15320
10 1721 165600 82800 55200 41400 33150 27600
12 2768 266400 133200 88800 66600 53200 44400
15 4946 476000 238000 158700 119000 95200 79300
For SI units: 1 inch = 25 mm, 1 gallon per minute = 0.06 L/s, ⅛ inch per foot = 10.4 mm/m, 1 inch per hour = 25.4 mm/h, 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2

Notes:
1   The sizing data for horizontal piping are based on the pipes flowing full.
2   For rainfall rates other than those listed. detennine the allowable roof area by dividing the area given in the 1 inch per hour (25.4 mm/h) column by the desired rainfall rate.
Window areaways at a maximum of 10 square feet (0.93 m2) in area shall be permitted to discharge to the subsoil drains through a 2 inch (50 mm) pipe. However, window areaways exceeding 10 square feet (0.93 m2) in area shall be handled in the manner provided for entrance areaways (see Section 1101.8).
Public filling stations and motor vehicle washing establishments shall have the paved area sloped toward sumps or gratings within the property lines. Curbs not less than 6 inches (152 mm) high shall be placed where required to direct water to gratings or sumps
Where the occupant creates surface water drainage, the sumps, gratings, or floor drains shall be piped to a storm drain or an approved water course.
Roof drainage shall comply with 1 Section 1101.12.1 and Section 1101.12.2.
Roof areas of a building shall be drained by roof drains or gutters. The location and sizing of drains and gutters shall be coordinated with the structural design and pitch of the roof. Unless otherwise required by the Authority Having Jurisdiction, roof drains, gutters, vertical conductors or leaders, and horizontal storm drains for primary drainage shall be sized based on a storm of 60 minutes duration and 100 year return period. Refer to Table D 101.1 (in Appendix D) for 100 year, 60 minute storms at various locations.
Secondary (emergency) roof drainage shall be provided by one of the methods specified in Section 1101.12.2.1 or Section 1101.12.2.2.
Secondary roof drainage shall be provided by an open-sided roof or scuppers where the roof perimeter construction extends above the roof in such a manner that water will be entrapped. An open-sided roof or scuppers shall be sized to prevent the depth of ponding water from exceeding that for which the roof was designed as determined by Section 1101.12.1. Scupper openings shall be not less than 4 inches (102 mm) high and have a width equal to the circumference of the roof drain required for the area served, sized in accordance with Table 1101.12.
TABLE 1101.12
SIZING ROOF DRAINS, LEADERS, AND VERTICAL RAINWATER PIPING2, 3
For SI units: 1 inch = 25 mm, 1 gallon per minute = 0.06 L/s, 1 inch per hour = 25.4 mm/h, 1 square foot = 0.0929

Notes:
1   Maximum discharge capacity, gpm (L/s) with approximately 1¾ inch (44 mm) head of water at the drain.
2   For rainfall rates other than those listed, determine the allowable roof area by dividing the area given in the 1 inch per hour (25.4 mm/h) column by the desired rainfall rate.
3   Vertical piping shall be round, square, or rectangular. Square pipe shall be sized to enclose its equivalent roundpipe. Rectangular pipe shall have not less than the same cross-sectional area as its equivalent round pipe, except that the ratio of its side dimensions shall not exceed 3 to 1.
Secondary roof drains shall be provided. The secondary roof drains shall be located not less than 2 inches (51 mm) above the roof surface. The maximum height of the roof drains shall be a height to prevent the depth of ponding water from exceeding that for which the roof was designed as determined by Section 1101.12.1. The secondary roof drains shall connect to a piping system in accordance with Section 1101.12.2.2.1 or Section 1101.12.2.2.2.
The secondary roof drainage system shall be a separate system of piping, independent of the primary roof drainage system. The discharge shall be above grade, in a location observable by the building occupants or maintenance personnel. Secondary roof drain systems shall be sized in accordance with Section 1101.12.1 based on the rainfall rate for which the primary system is sized.
The secondary roof drains shall connect to the vertical piping of the primary storm drainage conductor downstream of the last horizontal offset located below the roof. The primary storm drainage system shall connect to the building storm water that connects to an underground public storm sewer. The combined secondary and primary roof drain systems shall be sized in accordance with Section 1103.0 based on double the rainfall rate for the local area.
Cleanouts for building storm drains shall comply with the requirements of Section 719.0 of this code.
Rain leaders and conductors connected to a building storm sewer shall have a cleanout installed at the base of the outside leader or outside conductor before it connects to the horizontal drain.
Rainwater sumps serving "public use" occupancy buildings shall be provided with dual pumps arranged to function alternately in case of over- Ilo ad or mechanical failure. Pumps rated 600 V or less shall comply with UL 778 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.
Leaders and storm drains, where connected to a combined sewer, shall be trapped. Floor and area drains connected to a storm drain shall be trapped.

Exception: Traps shall not be required where roof drains, rain leaders, and other inlets are at locations allowed under Section 906.0, Vent Termination.
No trap shall be required for leaders or conductors that are connected to a sewer carrying storm water exclusively.
Traps, where installed for individual conductors, shall be the same size as the horizontal drain to which they are connected.
Individual storm-water traps shall be installed on the stormwater drain branch serving each stormwater inlet, or a single trap shall be installed in the main storm drain just before its connection with the combined building sewer. Such traps shall be provided with an accessible cleanout on the outlet side of the trap.
Leaders or conductors shall not be used as soil, waste, or vent pipes nor shall soil, waste, or vent pipes be used as leaders or conductors.
Leaders installed along alleyways, driveways, or other locations where exposed to damage shall be protected by metal guards, recessed into the wall, or constructed from ferrous pipe.
The sanitary and storm drainage system of a building shall be entirely separate, except where a combined sewer is used, in which case the building storm drain shall be connected in the same horizontal plane through a single wye fitting to the combined building sewer not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) downstream from a soil stack.
Roof drains shall be constructed of aluminum, cast-iron, copper alloy of not more than 15 percent zinc, leaded nickel bronze, stainless steel, ABS, PVC, polypropylene, polyethylene, or nylon and shall comply with ASME A112.3.1 or ASME A112.6.4.
Roof drains shall have domed strainers.

Exception: Roof drain strainers for use on sun decks, parking decks, and similar areas that are normally serviced and maintained, shall be permitted to be of the flat surface type. Such roof drain strainers shall be level with the deck.
Connection between the roof and roof drains that pass through the roof and into the interior of the building shall be made watertight by the use of proper flashing material.
Where lead flashing material is used, it shall be not less than 4 pounds per square foot (lb/ft2) (19 kg/m2).
Where copper flashing material is used, it shall be not less than 12 ounces per square foot (oz/ft2) (3.7 kg/m2).
Vertical conductors and leaders shall be sized on the basis of the maximum projected roof area and Table 1101.12.
The size of building storm drains or building storm sewers or their horizontal branches shall be based upon the maximum projected roof or paved area to be handled and Table 1101.8.
The size of semi-circular gutters shall be based on the maximum projected roof area and Table 1103.3.
TABLE 1103.3
SIZE OF GUTTERS
DIAMETER OF GUTTER
(116 inch per foot slope)
MAXIMUM RAINFALL RATES BASED ON ROOF AREA
(square feet)
inches 2 (in/h) 3 (in/h) 4 (in/h) 5 (in/h) 6 (in/h)
3 340 226 170 136 113
4 720 480 360 288 240
5 1250 834 625 500 416
6 1920 1280 960 768 640
7 2760 1840 1380 1100 918
8 3980 2655 1990 1590 1325
10 7200 4800 3600 2880 2400

DIAMETER OF GUTTER
(18 inch per foot slope)
MAXIMUM RAINFALL RATES BASED ON ROOF AREA
(square feet)
inches 2 (in/h) 3 (in/h) 4 (in/h) 5 (in/h) 6 (in/h)
3 480 320 240 192 160
4 1020 681 510 408 340
5 1760 1172 880 704 587
6 2720 1815 1360 1085 905
7 3900 2600 1950 1560 1300
8 5600 3740 2800 2240 1870
10 10200 6800 5100 4080 3400

DIAMETER OF GUTTER
(14 inch per foot slope)
MAXIMUM RAINFALL RATES BASED ON ROOF AREA
(square feet)
inches 2 (in/h) 3 (in/h) 4 (in/h) 5 (in/h) 6 (in/h)
3 680 454 340 272 226
4 1440 960 720 576 480
5 2500 1668 1250 1000 834
6 3840 2560 1920 1536 1280
7 5520 3680 2760 2205 1840
8 7960 5310 3980 3180 2655
10 14400 9600 7200 5750 4800

DIAMETER OF GUTTER
(12 inch per foot slope)
MAXIMUM RAINFALL RATES BASED ON ROOF AREA
(square feet)
inches 2 (in/h) 3 (in/h) 4 (in/h) 5 (in/h) 6 (in/h)
3 960 640 480 384 320
4 2040 1360 1020 816 680
5 3540 2360 1770 1415 1180
6 5540 3695 2770 2220 1850
7 7800 5200 3900 3120 2600
8 11200 7460 5600 4480 3730
10 20000 13330 10000 8000 6660
For SI units: 1 inch = 25 mm, 116 inch per foot = 5.2 mm/m, 1 inch per hour = 25.4 mm/h, 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2
Where vertical walls project above a roof so as to permit storm water to drain to the roof area below, the adjacent roof area shall be permitted to be computed from Table 1101.12 as follows:
  1. For one wall - add 50 percent of the wall area to the roof area figures.
  2. For two adjacent walls of equal height - add 35 percent of the total wall areas.
  3. For two adjacent walls of unequal height - add 35 percent of the total common height and add 50 percent of the remaining height of the highest wall.
  4. Two opposite walls of same height - add no additional area.
  5. Two opposite walls of differing heights - add 50 percent of the wall area above the top of lower wall.
  6. Walls on three sides - add 50 percent of the area of the inner wall below the top of the lowest wall, plus allowance for the area of the wall above the top of the lowest wall, in accordance with Section 1103.4(3) and Section 1103.4(5) above.
  7. Walls on four sides - no allowance for wall areas below the top of the lowest wall - add for areas above the top of the lowest wall in accordance with Section 1103.4(1), Section 11 03.4(3), Section 1103.4(5), and Section 1103.4(6) above.
Where there is a continuous or semicontinuous discharge into the building storm drain or building storm sewer, as from a pump, ejector, air-conditioning plant, or similar device, 1 gpm (0.06 L/s) of such discharge shall be computed as being equivalent to 24 square feet (2.2 m2) of roof area, based upon a rate of rainfall of 4 inches per hour (in/h) (102 mm/h).
In lieu of sizing the storm drainage system in accordance with Section 1103.0, the roof drainage shall be permitted to be sized on the basis of controlled flow and storage of the stonn water on the roof, provided the following conditions are met:
  1. The water from a 25 year-frequency storm shall not be stored on the roof exceeding 24 hours.
  2. During the storm, the water depth on the roof shall not exceed the depths specified in Table 1105.1(1).
    TABLE 1105.1(1)
    CONTROLLED-FLOW MAXIMUM ROOF WATER DEPTH
    ROOF RISE*
    (inches)
    MAXIMUM WATER DEPTH
    AT DRAIN
    (inches)
    Flat 3
    2 4
    4 5
    6 6
    For SI units: 1 inch = 25.4 mm
    *  Vertical measurement from the roof surface at the drain to the highest point of the roof surface served by the drain, ignoring a local depression immediately adjacent to the drain.
  3. Not less than two drains shall be installed in roof areas of 10000 square feet (929 m2) or less, and not less than one additional drain shall be installed for each 10000 square feet (929 m2) of roof area exceeding 10000 square feet (929 m2).
  4. Each roof drain shall have a precalibrated, fixed (nonadjustable), and proportional weir (notched) in a standing water collar inside the strainer. No mechanical devices or valves shall be allowed.
  5. Pipe sizing shall be based on the pre-calibrated rate of flow (gpm) (L/s) of the pre-calibrated weir for the maximum allowable water depth, and Table 1101.8 and Table 1101.12.
  6. The height of stones or other granular material above the waterproofed surface shall not be considered in water depth measurement, and the roof surface in the vicinity of the drain shall not be recessed to create a reservoir.
  7. Roof design, where controlled-flow roof drainage is used, shall be such that the design roof live load is not less than 30 lb/ft2 (146 kg/m2) to provide a safety factor exceeding the 15 lb/ft2 (73 kg/m2) represented by the depth of water stored on the roofin accordance with Table 1105.1(1).
  8. Scuppers shall be provided in parapet walls. The distance of scupper bottoms above the roof level at the drains shall not exceed the maximum distances specified in Table 1105.1 (2).
    TABLE 1105.1(2)
    DISTANCE OF SCUPPER BOTTOMS ABOVE ROOF
    ROOF RISE*
    (inches)
    ABOVE ROOF LEVEL
    AT DRAIN
    (inches)
    Flat 3
    2 4
    4 5
    6 6
    For SI units: 1 inch = 25.4 mm
    *  Vertical measurement from the roof surface at the drain to the highest point of the roof surface served by the drain, ignoring a local depression immediately adjacent to the drain.
  9. Scupper openings shall be not less than 4 inches (102 mm) high and have a width equal to the circumference of the roof drain required for the area served, sized in accordance with Table 1101.12.
  10. Flashings shall extend above the top of the scuppers.
  11. At a wall or parapet, 45 degree (0.79 rad) cants shall be installed.
  12. Separate storm and sanitary drainage systems shall be provided within the building.
  13. Calculations for the roof drainage system shall be submitted along with the plans to the Authority Having Jurisdiction for approval.
Drains on setback roofs shall be permitted to be connected to the controlled-flow drainage systems provided:
  1. The setback is designed for storing water, or
  2. The square footage of the setback drainage area is converted as outlined in Section 1105.0 to gpm, and the storm-water pipe sizes in the controlled-flow system are based on the sum of the loads.
  3. The branch from each of the roof drains that are not provided with controlled flow shall be sized in accordance with Table 1101.12.
New building stonn drainage systems and parts of existing systems that have been altered, extended, or repaired shall be tested in accordance with Section 1106.2.1 or Section 1106.2.2 to disclose leaks and defects.
Except for outside leaders and perforated or open-jointed drain tile, the piping of storm drain systems shall be tested upon completion of the rough piping installation by water or air, except that plastic pipe shall not be tested with air, and proved tight. The Authority Having Jurisdiction shall be permitted to require the removal of cleanout plugs to ascertain whether the pressure has reached parts of the system. One of the following test methods shall be used in accordance with Section 1106.2.1 through Section 1106.2.3.
After piping has been installed, the water test shall be applied to the drainage system, either to the entire system or to sections. Where the test is applied to the entire system, all openings in the piping shall be tightly closed except for the highest opening, and the system shall be filled with water to the point of overflow. Where the system is tested in sections, each opening shall be tightly plugged except for the highest opening of the section under test, and each section shall be filled with water, but no section shall be tested with less than a 10 foot (3048 mm) head of water. In testing successive sections, not less than the upper 10 feet (3048 mm) of the next preceding section shall be tested so that no joint of pipe in the building except the uppermost 10 feet (3048 mm) of a roof drainage system, which shall be filled with water to the flood level of the uppermost roof drain, shall have been submitted to a test of less than 10 foot (3048 mm) head of water. The water shall be kept in the system or in the portion under test for not less than 15 minutes before inspection starts; the system shall then be tight.
The air test shall be made by attaching an air compressor testing apparatus to a suitable opening after closing other inlets and outlets to the system, forcing air into the system until there is a uniform gauge pressure of 5 pounds-force per square inch (psi) (34 kPa) or sufficient pressure to balance a column of mercury 10 inches (34 kPa) in height. This pressure shall be held without introduction of additional air for a period of not less than 15 minutes.
Where circumstances exist that make air and water tests described in Section 1106.2.1 and Section 1106.2.2 impractical, see Section 105.3.
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