Chapter 1 Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 General Regulations

Chapter 4 Ventilation Air

Chapter 5 Exhaust Systems

Chapter 6 Duct Systems

Chapter 7 Combustion Air

Chapter 8 Chimneys and Vents

Chapter 9 Installation of Specific Appliances

Chapter 10 Boilers and Pressure Vessels

Chapter 11 Refrigeration

Chapter 12 Hydronics

Chapter 13 Fuel Gas Piping

Chapter 14 Process Piping

Chapter 15 Solar Energy Systems

Chapter 16 Stationary Power Plants

Chapter 17 Referenced Standards

Appendices [PDF]

Appendix A Residential Plan Examiner Review Form for HVAC System Design

Appendix B Procedures to be Followed to Place Gas Equipment in Operation

Appendix C Installation and Testing of Oil (Liquid) Fuel-Fired Equipment

Appendix D Fuel Supply: Manufactured/Mobile Home Parks and Recreational Vehicle Parks

Appendix E Sustainable Practices

Appendix F Sizing of Venting Systems and Outdoor Combustion and Ventilation Opening Design

Appendix G Example Calculation of Outdoor Air Rate

Fuel gas piping systems serving manufactured homes, accessory buildings, or structures and communities shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the applicable provisions of NFPA 54 and NFPA 58. NFPA 31 shall apply to oil fuel-burning systems and shall comply with the criteria of the Authority Having Jurisdiction. [NFPA 501A:4.1.1]
Gas supply connections at sites, where provided from an underground gas supply piping system, shall be located and arranged to permit attachment to a manufactured home (M/H) occupying the site. For the installation of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) storage systems, the applicable provisions of NFPA 58 shall be followed. [NFPA 501A:4.1.2]
The gas supply to the M/H shall be located within 4 feet (1219 mm) of the M/H stand.

Exception: Gas supply connections for manufactured homes located on all-weather wood, concrete, concrete block foundation systems or on foundations constructed in accordance with the local building code or, in the absence of a local code, with a recognized model building code. [NFPA 501A:4.1.3]
Fuel gas equipment and installations shall comply with this appendix, except as otherwise permitted or required by this code.
Underground gas piping system installations shall comply with the building code and Section D 102.1.1 and Section D 102.1.2. [NFPA 501A:4.2.1]
Underground gas piping shall not be installed beneath that portion of a M/H site reserved for the location of a manufactured home or M/H accessory building or structure unless installed in the open-ended gastight conduit of Section D 102.1.2. [NFPA 501A:4.2.1.1]
The open-ended gastight conduit shall comply with the following:
  1. The conduit shall be not less than Schedule 40 pipe that is approved for underground installation beneath buildings.
  2. The interior diameter of the conduit shall be not less than 12 of an inch (15 mm) larger than the outside diameter of the gas piping.
  3. The conduit shall extend to a point not less than 4 inches (102 mm) beyond the outside wall of the M/H, accessory building, or structure, and the outer ends shall not be sealed.
  4. Where the conduit terminates within a M/H, accessory building, or structure, it shall be accessible, and the space between the conduit and the gas piping shall be sealed to prevent leakage of gas into the building. [NFPA 501A:4.2.1.2]
Each M/H site shall have a listed gas shutoff valve installed upstream of the M/H site gas outlet. The gas shutoff valve shall be located on the outlet riser at a height of not less than 6 inches (152 mm) above grade. A gas shutoff valve shall not be located under a M/H. The outlet shall be equipped with a cap or plug to prevent discharge of gas where the M/H site outlet is not connected to a M/H.

Exception: Gas shutoff valves for manufactured homes located on foundations constructed in accordance with the local building code or, in the absence of a local code, with a recognized model building code. [NFPA 501A:4.2.2]
Where installed, gas meters shall be supported by a post or bracket placed on a firm footing or other means providing equivalent support and shall not depend on the gas outlet riser for support. [NFPA 501A:4.2.3.1]
Each gas meter shall be installed in an accessible location and shall be provided with unions or other fittings so that the meter is removed easily and replaced in an upright position. Meters shall not be installed in unventilated or inaccessible locations or closer than 3 feet (914 mm) to sources of ignition. [NFPA 501A:4.2.3.2]
Gas meter installations shall be provided with shutoff valves or cocks located adjacent to and on the inlet side of the meters. In the case of a single meter installation utilizing an LP-Gas container, the container service valve shall be permitted to be used in lieu of the shutoff valve or cock. Gas meter installations shall be provided with test tees located adjacent to and on the outlet side of the meters. [NFPA 501A:4.2.4]
Cathodic protection shall be installed for corrosion control of buried or submerged metallic gas piping in accordance with the following requirements:
  1. Where amphoteric metals are included in a buried or submerged pipeline containing a metal of different anodic potential the following protection shall be provided:
    1. The buried or submerged pipeline shall be cathodically protected at a negative (cathodic) voltage of 0.85 volt measured between the structure surface and a saturated copper-copper sulfate half cell contacting the electrolyte.
    2. The amphoteric metals shall be electrically isolated from the remainder of the pipeline with insulating flanges, or equivalent, and cathodically protected.
  2. The amount of cathodic protection shall be such that the protective coating and the pipe are not damaged.
Where 10 or more customers are served by one LPG supply system, the installation of the gas supply system shall be in accordance with 49 CFR 192. Other types of liquefied petroleum gas supply systems and the storage and handling of LPG shall be in accordance with NFPA 58 (see Section D 113.0). [NFPA 501A:4.3.2]
The minimum hourly volume of gas required at each M/H site outlet or a section of the M/H community gas piping system shall be calculated as shown in Table D 107.1. [NFPA 501A:4.3.4.1]

TABLE D 107.1
DEMAND FACTORS FOR USE IN CALCULATING GAS PIPING SYSTEMS IN M1H COMMUNITIES*
[NFPA 501A:TABLE 4.3.4.1]
NUMBER OF M/H SITES BRITISH THERMAL UNITS PER
HOUR PER M/H SITE
1 125000
2 117000
3 104000
4 96000
5 92000
6 87000
7 83000
8 81000
9 79000
10 77000
11-20 66000
21-30 62000
31-40 58000
41-60 55000
Over 60 50000
For SI units: 1000 British thermal units per hour = 0.293 kW
* In extreme climate areas, additional capacities shall be considered.
The size of each section of a gas piping system shall be determined in accordance with NFPA 54, or by other standard engineering methods acceptable to the Authority Having Jurisdiction. [NFPA 501A:4.3.5.1]
Where connected appliances are operated at their rated capacity, the gas supply pressure shall be not less than 7 inches of water column (1.7 kPa). The gas supply pressure shall not exceed 14 inches of water column (3.5 kPa). [NFPA 501A:4.3.5.2]
Metal gas pipe shall be standard-weight wrought iron or steel (galvanized or black), yellow brass containing not more than 75 percent copper, or internally tinned or treated copper of iron pipe size. Galvanizing shall not be considered protection against corrosion.

    Seamless copper or steel tubing shall be permitted to be used with gases not corrosive to such material. Steel tubing shall comply with ASTM A254. Copper tubing shall comply with ASTM B88 or ASTM B280. Copper tubing (unless tin-lined) shall not be used where the gas contains more than an average of 0.3 grains of hydrogen sulfide per 100 standard cubic feet (0.7 mg/100 L) of gas. [NFPA 501A:4.3.6.1]
Buried or submerged metallic gas piping shall be protected from corrosion by approved coatings or wrapping materials. Gas pipe protective coatings shall be approved types, machine applied, and shall comply with recognized standards. Field wrapping shall provide equivalent protection and is restricted to those short sections and fittings that are stripped for threading or welding. Risers shall be coated or wrapped to a point not less than 6 inches (152 mm) aboveground. [NFPA 501A:4.3.6.2]
Plastic piping shall be used underground and shall be in accordance with the requirements of ASTM D2513 or ASTM D2517, as well as the design pressure and design limitations of 49 CFR 192.123, and shall otherwise comply with the installation requirements thereof. [NFPA 501A:4.3.6.3]
Gas piping installed belowground level shall have an earth cover of not less than 18 inches (457 mm) and shall be installed with not less than 12 inches (305 mm) of clearance from other underground utility systems. [NFPA 501A:4.3.7.1]
Metallic gas piping systems shall be installed in accordance with approved construction documents, including provisions for cathodic protection. Each cathodic protection system shall be designed and installed in accordance with the provisions of 49 CFR 192.
Where the cathodic protection system is designed to protect the gas piping system, the gas piping system shall be electrically isolated from other underground metallic systems or installations. Where the gas piping system is cathodically protected against corrosion, a dielectric fitting shall be used in the M/H gas connection to insulate the M/H from the underground gas piping system. [NFPA 501A:4.3.7.2.3, 4.3.7.2.4]
Where a cathodic protection system is designed to provide underground metallic systems and installations with protection against corrosion, such systems and installations shall be electrically bonded together and protected as a whole. [NFPA 501A:4.3.7.2.5]
Plastic gas piping shall be used underground and shall be installed with an electrically conductive wire for locating the pipe. The wire used to locate the plastic pipe shall be copper, not less than No. 18 AWG, with insulation approved for direct burial. Portions of a plastic gas piping system consisting of metallic pipe shall be cathodically protected against corrosion. [NFPA 501A:4.3.7.3]
An accessible and identifiable shutoff valve controlling the flow of gas to the entire M/H community gas piping system shall be installed in a location approved by the Authority Having Jurisdiction and near the point of connection to the service piping or to the supply connection of an LPG container. [NFPA 501A:4.3.7.4]
LP-Gas equipment shall be installed in accordance with the applicable provisions of NFPA 58. [NFPA 501A:4.3.8]
The following three methods of supplying oil to an individual M/H site shall be permitted:
  1. Supply from an outside underground tank.
  2. Supply from a centralized oil distribution system designed and installed in accordance with accepted engineering practices and in accordance with NFPA 31.
  3. Supply from an outside aboveground tank. [NFPA 501A:4.3.9]
Oil supply tanks shall have a minimum capacity equal to 20 percent of the average annual oil consumption. [NFPA 501A:4.3.10]
Oil supply connections at M/H sites, where provided from a centralized oil distribution system, shall be located and arranged to permit attachment to a M/H utilizing the stand. [NFPA 501A:4.3.11.1] The installation of such facilities shall comply with the following requirements:
  1. The main distribution pipeline shall be permitted to be connected to a tank or tanks having an aggregate capacity not to exceed 20000 gallons (75708 L) at a point below the liquid level.
  2. Where this piping is so connected, a readily accessible internal or external shutoff valve shall be installed in the piping as close as practicable to the tank.
  3. Where external and aboveground, the shutoff valve and its tank connections shall be made of steel.
  4. Connections between the tank(s) and the main pipeline shall be made with double swing joints or flexible connectors. or shall otherwise be arranged to permit the tank(s) to settle without damaging the system.
  5. Where located aboveground, the connections shall be located within the diked area.
  6. A readily accessible and identified manual shutoff valve shall be installed in each branch supply pipeline that enters a building, mobile home, travel trailer, or other structure. This valve shall be permitted to be either inside or outside of the structure. Where outside, the valve shall be protected from weather and damage. Where inside, the valve shall be located directly adjacent to the point at which the supply line enters the structure.
  7. A device shall be provided in the supply line at or ahead of the point where it enters the interior of the structure that will automatically shut off the oil supply, where the supply line between this device and the appliance is broken. This device shall be located on the appliance side of the manual shutoff valve. This device shall be solidly supported and protected from damage.
  8. Means shall be provided to limit the oil pressure at the appliance inlet to not exceed 3 pound-force per square inch gauge (psig) (21 kPa). Where a pressure-reducing valve is used, it shall be a type approved for the service.
  9. A device shall be provided that automatically shuts off the oil supply to the appliance where the oil pressure at the appliance inlet exceeds 8 psig (55 kPa).

    Exceptions:
    1. Where the distribution system is supplied from a gravity tank and the maximum hydrostatic head of oil in the tank is such that the pressure at the appliance inlet shall not exceed 8 psig (55 kPa).
    2. Where a means is provided to automatically shut off the oil supply where the pressure-regulating device fails to regulate the pressure as required.
  10. Appliances equipped with primary safety controls specifically listed for the appliance shall be connected to a centralized oil distribution system. [NFPA 31:9.2.10-9.2.15]
Each gas supply connector shall be listed for outside M/H use, shall be not more than 6 feet (1829 mm) in length, and shall have a capacity rating to supply the connected load.

Exception: Gas supply connections for manufactured homes located on all-weather wood, concrete, concrete block foundation system or on a foundation constructed in accordance with the local building code or, in the absence of a local code, with a recognized model building code. [NFPA 501A:4.4.1]
Where it is necessary to extend the M/H inlet to permit connection of the 6 foot (1829 mm) listed connector to the site gas outlet, the extension shall be of approved materials of the same size as the M/H inlet and shall be supported at not more than 4 foot (1219 mm) intervals to the M/H. [NFPA 501A:4.4.2]
Gas outlet risers, regulators, meters, valves, or other exposed equipment shall be protected against accidental damage. [NFPA 501A:4.4.3]
Atmospherically controlled regulators shall be installed in such a manner that moisture cannot enter the regulator vent and accumulate above the diaphragm. Where the regulator vent is obstructed due to snow and icing conditions; shields, hoods, or other approved devices shall be provided to guard against closing of the vent opening. [NFPA 501A:4.4.4]
The M/H fuel gas piping system shall be tested with air before it is connected to the gas supply. The M/H gas piping system shall be subjected to a pressure test with appliance shutoff valves in their closed positions. [NFPA 501A:4.4.5]
The fuel gas piping test shall consist of air pressure of not less than 10 inches water column or more than 14 inches water column (2.5 kPa to 3.5 kPa). The fuel gas piping system shall be isolated from the air pressure source and shall maintain this pressure for not less than 10 minutes without perceptible leakage. Upon satisfactory completion of the fuel gas piping test, the appliance valves shall be opened, and the gas appliance connectors shall be tested with soapy water or bubble solution while under the pressure remaining in the piping system. Solutions used for testing for leakage shall not contain corrosive chemicals. Pressure shall be measured with either a manometer, slope gauge, or gauge that is calibrated in either water inch (mm) or psi (kPa), with increments of either 110 of an inch (2.5 mm) or 110 psi (0.7 kPa gauge), as applicable. Upon satisfactory completion of the fuel gas piping test, the M/H gas supply connector shall be installed, and the connections shall be tested with soapy water or bubble solution. [NFPA 501A:4.4.5.1]
The following warning shall be supplied to the installer:

WARNING

Do not overpressurize the fuel gas piping system. Damage to valves, regulators, and appliances is capable of occurring due to pressurization beyond the maximums specified. [NFPA 501A:4.4.5.2]
Gas appliance vents shall be visually inspected to ensure that they have not been dislodged in transit and are connected securely to the appliance. [NFPA 501A:4.4.5.3]
Not more than one 660 gallon (2498 L) tank or two tanks with aggregate capacity of 660 gallons (2498 L) or less shall be connected to one oil-burning appliance. Two supply tanks, where used, shall be cross-connected and provided with a single fill and single vent in accordance with NFPA 31, and shall be on a common slab and rigidly secured one to the other. Tanks having a capacity of 660 gallons (2498 L) or less shall be securely supported by rigid, noncombustible supports to prevent settling, sliding, or lifting. [NFPA 501A:4.4.6]
Oil supply tanks shall be installed in accordance with the applicable provisions of NFPA 31. [NFPA 501A:4.4.6.1]
A tank with a capacity not larger than 60 gallons (227 L) shall be permitted to be a DOT-5 shipping container (drum) and so marked, or a tank constructed in accordance with the provisions of UL 80. Tanks other than DOT-5 shipping containers having a capacity of not more than 660 gallons (2498 L) shall be constructed in accordance with the provisions of UL 80. Pressure tanks shall be constructed in accordance with Section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. [NFPA 501A:4.4.6.2]
Tanks, as described in Section D 113.6 and Section D 113.6.2, that are adjacent to buildings shall be located not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from a property line that is permitted to be built upon. [NFPA 501A:4.4.6.3]
Tanks with a capacity not than 660 gallons (2498 L) shall be equipped with an open vent not smaller than 112 inch (40 mm) iron pipe size; tanks with a 500 gallon (1892 L) or less capacity shall have a vent of 114 inch (32 mm) iron pipe size. [NFPA 501A:4.4.6.4]
Tanks shall be provided with a means of determining the liquid level. [NFPA 501A:4.4.6.5]
The fill opening shall be a size and in a location that permits filling without spillage. [NFPA 501A:4.4.6.6]
Fuel gas supply systems installed in a M/H accessory building or structure shall be in accordance with the applicable provisions of NFPA 54 and NFPA 58. Fuel oil supply systems shall comply with the applicable provisions of NFPA 31. [NFPA 501A:4.5]
Fuel gas piping and equipment installed within a permanent building in a M/H community shall be in accordance with nationally recognized appliance and fuel gas piping codes and standards adopted by the Authority Having Jurisdiction. Where the state or other political subdivision does not assume jurisdiction, such fuel gas piping and equipment installations shall be designed and installed in accordance with the applicable provisions of NFPA 54 or NFPA 58. [NFPA 501A:4.6.1]
Oil-burning equipment and installations within a M/H community shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the applicable codes and standards adopted by the Authority Having Jurisdiction. Where the state or other political subdivision does not assume jurisdiction, such installations shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the applicable provisions of NFPA 31. [NFPA 501A:4.6.2]
Oil-burning equipment and installations within a building constructed in a M/H community in accordance with the local building code or a nationally recognized building code shall be in accordance with nationally recognized codes and standards adopted by the Authority Having Jurisdiction. Where the state or other political subdivision does not assume jurisdiction, such oil-burning equipment and installation shall be designed and installed in accordance with NFPA 31. [NFPA 501A:4.6.3]
Inspections and tests for fuel gas piping shall be made in accordance with Chapter 1 and Chapter 13 of this code.
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