Chapter 1 Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 General Regulations

Chapter 4 Ventilation Air

Chapter 5 Exhaust Systems

Chapter 6 Duct Systems

Chapter 7 Combustion Air

Chapter 8 Chimneys and Vents

Chapter 9 Installation of Specific Appliances

Chapter 10 Boilers and Pressure Vessels

Chapter 11 Refrigeration

Chapter 12 Hydronics

Chapter 13 Fuel Gas Piping

Chapter 14 Process Piping

Chapter 15 Solar Energy Systems

Chapter 16 Stationary Power Plants

Chapter 17 Referenced Standards

Appendices [PDF]

Appendix A Residential Plan Examiner Review Form for HVAC System Design

Appendix B Procedures to be Followed to Place Gas Equipment in Operation

Appendix C Installation and Testing of Oil (Liquid) Fuel-Fired Equipment

Appendix D Fuel Supply: Manufactured/Mobile Home Parks and Recreational Vehicle Parks

Appendix E Sustainable Practices

Appendix F Sizing of Venting Systems and Outdoor Combustion and Ventilation Opening Design

Appendix G Example Calculation of Outdoor Air Rate

Except as otherwise addressed in this code, this chapter shall govern the installation of process piping in or in conjunction with a building or structure located upon the premises.
It shall be unlawful to install, alter, or repair or cause to be installed, altered, or repaired process material piping without first obtaining a permit.

   Permits for process piping shall show the total number of outlets to be provided for on each system and such other information as required by the Authority Having Jurisdiction.

   Fees for process piping permits are included in Table 104.5.
Plans, engineering calculations, diagrams, and other data shall be submitted in one or more sets with each application for a permit. The Authority Having Jurisdiction shall be permitted to require plans, computations, and specifications to be prepared and designed by a registered design professional.

   Where plans or other data are submitted for review, a plan review fee shall be paid, as provided in Section 104.3.2
Process piping shall not be strained or bent, nor shall tanks, vessels, vats, appliances, or cabinets be supported by or develop strain or stress on the piping.
Upon completion of the installation, alteration, or repair of process piping, and prior to the use thereof, the Authority Having Jurisdiction shall be notified that such piping is ready for inspection.

   Excavations required for the installation of underground piping shall be kept open until such time as the piping has been inspected and approved. Where such piping is covered or concealed before such approval, it shall be exposed upon the direction of the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
The Authority Having Jurisdiction shall make the following inspections and shall either approve that portion of the work as completed or shall notify the permit holder wherein the same fails to be in accordance with this code.
This inspection shall be made after process piping authorized by the permit has been installed and before piping has been covered or concealed. This inspection shall include a determination that the piping size, material, and installation are in accordance with the requirements of this code.
This inspection shall be made after piping authorized by the permit has been installed and after portions thereof that are to be covered or concealed are so concealed. This inspection shall include a pressure test, at which time the piping shall stand a pressure of not less than one-and-one-half times the maximum designed operating pressure where hydraulic testing is conducted, or 110 percent where testing is conducted pneumatically. Test pressures shall be held for a length of time satisfactory to the Authority Having Jurisdiction, but in no case for less than 30 minutes with no perceptible drop in pressure. HPM drain, waste, and vent piping shall be tested in accordance with the plumbing code. Tests shall be made in the presence of the Authority Having Jurisdiction. Necessary apparatus for conducting tests shall be furnished by the permit holder.
In addition to the inspections required by this section, the Authority Having Jurisdiction shall be permitted to require a special inspector, as specified in the building code, during installation of piping systems. In cases where the work authorized was installed in accordance with plans and specifications prepared by a registered design professional, the Authority Having Jurisdiction shall be permitted to require a final signed report stating that the work was installed in accordance with approved plans and specifications and the applicable provisions of this chapter.
Process pipe, tubing, and fittings shall comply with the applicable standards in Table 1701.1 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions. Materials shall be rated for the operating temperatures and pressures of the system, and shall be compatible with the type of liquid.
HPP supply piping or tubing in service corridors shall be exposed to view. HPP piping shall be identified in accordance with nationally recognized standards to indicate the material being transported. Liquid HPP piping shall have an approved means for directing spilled materials to an approved containment or drainage system.

   Liquid HPP waste or drainage systems shall be installed in accordance with the plumbing code.
Hazardous process supply pipe shall not be located within exit corridors, within a portion of a means of egress required to be enclosed in fire-resistive construction, or in concealed spaces in or above areas not classified as Group H Occupancies, except as permitted by this subsection.

   Hazardous production material piping and tubing shall be pennitted to be installed within the space defined by the walls of exit corridors and the floor or roof above, or in concealed spaces above other occupancies in accordance with Section 1406.2.1.1 through Section 1406.2.1.6.
Automatic sprinklers shall be installed within the space, unless the space is less than 6 inches (152 mm) in the least dimension.
Ventilation at not less than 6 air changes per hour (ACH) shall be provided. The space shall not be used to convey air from other areas.
Where the piping or tubing is used to transport HPP liquids, a receptor shall be installed below such piping or tubing. The receptor shall be designed to collect discharge or leakage and drain it to an approved location. The 1 hour enclosure shall not be used as part of the receptor.
HPP supply piping and tubing and HPP nonmetallic waste lines shall be separated from the exit corridor and from an occupancy other than a semi-conductor fabrication facility classified as a Group H Occupancy by construction, as required for walls or partitions that have a fire-protection rating of not less than 1 hour. Where gypsum wallboard is used, joints on the piping side of the enclosure need not be taped, provided the joints occur over framing members. Access openings into the enclosure shall be protected by approved fire assemblies.
Readily accessible manual or automatic remotely activated fail-safe emergency shutoff valves shall be installed on piping and tubing other than waste lines at the following locations:
  1. At branch connections into the fabrication area.
  2. At entries into exit corridors. Excess flow valves shall be installed as required by the fire code.
Electrical wiring and equipment located in the piping space shall be approved for Class I, Division 2, Hazardous Locations.

Exception: Occasional transverse crossing of the corridors by supply piping that is enclosed within the corridor need not comply with Section 1406.2.1 1 through Section 1406.2.1.6.
In addition to other requirements of this section, HPP gases shall comply with this subsection and the fire code.
Where HPP supply gas is carried in pressurized piping, a fail-safe system shall shut off flow due to a rupture in the piping. Where the piping originates from outside the building, the valve shall be located outside the building as close to the bulk source as practical.
Piping and tubing shall be installed in accordance with approved standards. Supply piping for hazardous production materials having a health hazard ranking of 3 or 4 shall have welded connections throughout, unless an exhausted enclosure is provided.

Exception: Material that is incompatible with ferrous piping shall be permitted to be installed in nonmetallic piping with approved connections.
Where hazardous production material gas is used or dispensed and the physiological warning properties for the gas are at a higher level than the accepted pernlissible exposure limit for the gas, a continuous gas-monitoring system shall be provided to detect the presence of a short-term hazard condition. Where dispensing occurs and flammable gases or vapors are capable of being present in quantities in excess of 20 percent of the lower explosive limit, a continuous gas-monitoring system shall be provided. The monitoring system shall be connected to the emergency control station.
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