CALIFORNIA FIRE CODE — MATRIX ADOPTION TABLE
CHAPTER 34 — TIRE REBUILDING AND TIRE STORAGE
CHAPTER 34 — TIRE REBUILDING AND TIRE STORAGE
|Adopt Entire Chapter|
|Adopt Entire Chapter as amended (amended sections listed below)||X|
|Adopt only those sections that are listed below|
|[California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1]|
|Chapter / Section|
* The California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 19, Division 1 provisions that are found in the California Fire Code are a reprint from the current CCR, Title 19, Division 1 text for the code user's convenience only. The scope, applicability and appeals procedures of CCR, Title 19, Division I remain the same.
About this chapter: Chapter 34 provides requirements that are intended to prevent or control fires and explosions associated with the remanufacture and storage of tires and tire byproducts. Additionally, the requirements are intended to minimize the impact of indoor and outdoor tire storage fires by regulating pile volume and location, segregating the various operations, providing for fire department access and a water supply, and controlling ignition sources.
Tire rebuilding plants, tire storage [including tire derived products as defined in Public Resources Code, Section 42805.7(a)] and tire byproduct facilities shall comply with this chapter, other applicable requirements of this code and NFPA 13. Tire storage in buildings shall also comply with Chapter 32.
Permits shall be required as set forth in Section 105.5.
Words and terms used in this chapter and defined in Chapter 2 shall have the meanings ascribed to them as defined therein.
Tire rebuilding plants shall comply with the requirements of the California Building Code, as to construction, separation from other buildings or other portions of the same building, and protection.
Buffing operations shall be located in a room separated from the remainder of the building housing the tire rebuilding or tire recapping operations by a 1-hour fire barrier.
Exception: Buffing operations are not required to be separated where all of the following conditions are met:
- Buffing operations are equipped with an approved continuous automatic water-spray system directed at the point of cutting action.
- Buffing machines are connected to particle-collecting systems providing a minimum air movement of 1,500 cubic feet per minute (cfm) (0.71 m3/s) in volume and 4,500 feet per minute (fpm) (23 m/s) in-line velocity.
- The collecting system shall discharge the rubber particles to an approved outdoor noncombustible or fire-resistant container that is emptied at frequent intervals to prevent overflow.
The buffing area shall be cleaned at frequent intervals to prevent the accumulation of rubber particles.
Each spray room or spray booth where flammable or combustible solvents are applied, shall comply with Chapter 24.
Open burning is prohibited in tire storage yards.
Open flame, cutting, welding or heating devices blow torches or highly flammable materials including, but not limited to, inner tubes are prohibited within 40 feet of a waste tire pile.
Smoking is prohibited in tire storage yards, except in designated areas.
Tire storage piles shall not be located beneath electrical power lines having a voltage in excess of 750 volts or that supply power to fire emergency systems.
The owner or individual in charge of the tire storage yard shall be required to prepare and submit to the fire code official a fire safety plan for review and approval. The fire safety plan shall include provisions for fire department vehicle access. Not less than one copy of the fire safety plan shall be prominently posted and maintained at the storage yard.
The telephone number of the fire department and location of the nearest telephone shall be posted conspicuously in attended locations.
Tire storage shall be restricted to individual piles not exceeding 5,000 square feet (464.5 m2) of continuous area. Pile width shall not exceed 50 feet. Piles shall not exceed 50,000 cubic feet (1416 m3) in volume or 10 feet (3048 mm) in height.
Individual tire storage piles shall be separated from other piles by a clear space of not less than 40 feet (12 192 mm).
Tire storage piles shall be separated by a clear space of not less than 40 feet (12 192 mm) from piles of other stored product.
Tire storage piles shall be located not less than 50 feet (15 240 mm) from lot lines and buildings.
- Tire storage piles containing less than 500 tires shall be permitted to be located no closer than 10 feet (3048 mm) from lot lines or from buildings. Tire storage piles shall not exceed 6 feet (1829 mm) in height when within 20 feet of any property line, building or perimeter fencing. Side slopes shall not exceed 60 degrees. When approved by the fire code official in accordance with Section 220.127.116.11, distances of less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from lot lines or from buildings may be approved.
- When approved by the fire code official in accordance with Section 18.104.22.168, exempted facilities defined in Public Resources Code, Sections 42808(c) and 42831 and used tires as defined in Section 42806.5, tire storage piles shall be permitted to be located no closer than 10 feet (3048 mm) from lot lines or from buildings. Tire storage piles shall not exceed 6 feet (1829 mm) in height when within 20 feet of any property line or perimeter fencing. Side slopes shall not exceed 60 degrees.
- When approved by the fire code official in accordance with Section 22.214.171.124, "minor waste tire facilities" as defined in Public Resources Code, Section 42808, tire storage piles shall be permitted to be located no closer than 10 feet (3048 mm) from lot lines or 50 feet (15 240 mm) from buildings. Tire storage piles shall not exceed 6 feet (1829 mm) in height when within 20 feet of any property line or perimeter fencing. Side slopes shall not exceed 60 degrees.
- Existing "minor waste tire storage facilities" as defined in Public Resources Code, Section 42808, legally permitted prior to January 1, 2011, shall be permitted to maintain tire storage piles located no closer than 10 feet (3048 mm) from lot lines or 50 feet (15 240 mm) from buildings. Tire storage piles shall not exceed 6 feet (1829 mm) in height when within 20 feet (6096 mm) of any property line or perimeter fencing. Side slopes shall not exceed 60 degrees.
Storage yards shall be maintained free from combustible ground vegetation for a distance of 40 feet (12 192 mm) from the stored material to grass and weeds; and for a distance of 100 feet (30 480 mm) from the stored product to brush and forested areas.
Where the bulk volume of stored product is more than 150,000 cubic feet (4248 m3), storage arrangement shall be in accordance with the following:
- Individual storage piles shall comply with size and separation requirements in Sections 3405.1 through 3405.5.
- Adjacent storage piles shall be considered to be a group, and the aggregate volume of storage piles in a group shall not exceed 150,000 cubic feet (4248 m3).
Separation between groups shall be not less than 75 feet (22 860 mm) wide.
Outdoor waste tire storage shall not be located in any of the following:
- Under bridges, elevated trestles, elevated roadways or elevated railroads.
- In any area where they may be subjected to immersion in water during a 100-year storm, unless the operator demonstrates that the facility will be designed and operated so as to prevent waste tires from migrating off-site.
- On surfaces with grades or other physical features that will interfere with fire-fighting equipment or personnel unless mitigating measures have been approved in writing by the local fire authority or a fire safety engineer registered by the State of California. Measures established by a fire safety engineer shall be subject to approval by the local fire authority.
Waste tires stored on rims shall be stored separate from other waste tires.
The facility shall be designed and constructed to provide protection to bodies of water from runoff of pyrolytic oil resulting from a potential tire fire.
New and existing tire storage yards shall be provided with fire apparatus access roads in accordance with Section 503 and Section 3406.2. Existing tire storage yards shall be provided with fire apparatus access roads where required in Chapter 11.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be located within all pile clearances identified in Section 3405.4 and within all fire breaks required in Section 3405.5. Access roadways shall be within 150 feet (45 720 mm) of any point in the storage yard where storage piles are located, not less than 20 feet (6096 mm) from any storage pile.
The fence shall be constructed of approved materials and shall be not less than 6 feet (1829 mm) high and provided with gates not less than 20 feet (6096 mm) wide.
Gateways shall be kept clear of obstructions and be fully openable at all times.
A public or private fire protection water supply shall be provided in accordance with Section 507 and shall be capable of delivering at least 1,000 gallons per minute (gpm) for a duration of at least three hours and at least 2,000 gpm for a duration of at least three hours if the sum of altered plus whole waste tires exceeds 10,000. The water supply shall be arranged such that any part of the storage yard can be reached by using not more than 500 feet (152 m) of hose.
Buildings or structures shall be provided with portable fire extinguishers in accordance with Section 906. Fuel-fired vehicles operating in the storage yard shall be equipped with a minimum 2-A:20-B:C-rated portable fire extinguisher.
Where tires are stored on-tread, the dimension of the pile in the direction of the wheel hole shall be not more than 50 feet (15 240 mm). Tires stored adjacent to or along one wall shall not extend more than 25 feet (7620 mm) from that wall. Other piles shall be not more than 50 feet (15 240 mm) in width.