Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
  1. Additions. Additions to existing single-family residential buildings shall meet the requirements of Sections 110.0 through 110.9; Sections 150.0(a) through (n), (p) and (q); and either Section 150.2(a)1 or 2.
    Exception 1 to Section 150.2(a): Additions of 300 square feet or less are exempt from the roofing requirements of Section 150.1(c)11.
    Exception 2 to Section 150.2(a): Existing inaccessible piping shall not require insulation as defined under Section 150.0(j)1.
    Exception 3 to Section 150.2(a): Space-conditioning system. When heating or cooling will be extended to an addition from the existing system(s), the existing heating and cooling equipment need not comply with Part 6. The heating system capacity must be adequate to meet the minimum requirements of CBC Section 1204.1.
    Exception 4 to Section 150.2(a): Space-conditioning system ducts. When any length of duct is extended from an existing duct system to serve the addition, the existing duct system and the extended duct shall meet the applicable requirements specified in Section 150.2(b)1Di and 150.2(b)1Dii.
    Exception 5 to Section 150.2(a): Additions 1,000 square feet or less are exempt from the ventilation cooling requirements of Section 150.1(c)12.
    Exception 6 to Section 150.2(a): Photovoltaic systems, as specified in Section 150.1(c)14, are not required for additions.
    Exception 7 to Section 150.2(a): Space heating system. A new or replacement space heating system serving an addition may be a heat pump or gas heating system.
    1. Prescriptive approach. Additions to existing buildings shall meet the following additional requirements:
      1. Additions that are greater than 700 square feet shall meet the requirements of Section 150.1(c), with the following modifications:
        1. Extensions of existing wood-framed walls may retain the dimensions of the existing walls and shall install cavity insulation of R-15 in a 2 × 4 framing and R-19 in a 2 × 6 framing.
        2. The maximum allowed fenestration area shall be the greater of 175 square feet or 20 percent of the addition floor area, and the maximum allowed west-facing fenestration area shall be the greater of 70 square feet or the requirements of Section 150.1(c).
        3. When existing siding of a wood-framed wall is not being removed or replaced, cavity insulation of R-15 in a 2 × 4 framing and R-21 in a 2 × 6 framing shall be installed and continuous insulation is not required.
        4. Additions that consist of the conversion of existing spaces from unconditioned to conditioned space shall not be required to perform the following as part of QII:
          1. Existing window and door headers shall not be required to be insulated.
          2. Air sealing shall not be required when the existing air barrier is not being removed or replaced.
      2. Additions that are 700 square feet or less shall meet the requirements of Section 150.1(c), with the following modifications:
        1. Roof and ceiling insulation in a ventilated attic shall meet one of the following requirements:
          1. In Climate Zones 1, 2, 4, and 8 through 16, achieve an overall assembly U-factor not exceeding 0.025. In wood framed assemblies, compliance with U-factors may be demonstrated by installing insulation with an R-value of R-38 or greater.
          2. In Climate Zones 3, and 5 through 7, achieve an overall assembly U-factor not exceeding 0.031. In wood framed assemblies, compliance with U-factors may be demonstrated by installing insulation with an R-value of R-30 or greater.
        2. Radiant barriers shall be installed in Climate Zones 2-15.
        3. Extensions of existing wood-framed walls may retain the dimensions of the existing walls and shall install cavity insulation of R-15 in a 2 × 4 framing and R-21 in a 2 × 6 framing.
        4. In Climate Zones 2, 4 and 6-15; the maximum allowed west-facing fenestration area shall not be greater than 60 square feet; and shall also comply with either a or b below:
          1. For additions that are 700 square feet or less but greater than 400 square feet, the maximum allowed fenestration area limit is the greater of 120 square feet or 25 percent of the conditioned floor area of the addition.
          2. For additions that are 400 square feet or less, the maximum allowed fenestration area is the greater of 75 square feet or 30 percent of the conditioned floor area of the addition.
        5. Quality Insulation Installation (QII) requirements of Section 150.1(c)1E do not apply.
        6. When existing siding of a wood-framed wall is not being removed or replaced, cavity insulation of R-15 in a 2 × 4 framing and R-21 in a 2 × 6 framing shall be installed and continuous insulation is not required.
        Exception to Section 150.2(a)1B: Insulation in an enclosed rafter ceiling shall meet the requirements of Section 150.0.
      3. Mechanical ventilation for indoor air quality. Additions to existing buildings shall comply with Section 150.0(o) subject to the requirements specified in Subsections i and ii below.
        1. Whole-dwelling unit mechanical ventilation.
          1. Dwelling units that meet the conditions in Subsection 1 or 2 below shall not be required to comply with the whole-dwelling unit ventilation airflow specified in Section 150.0(o)1C, 150.0(o)1E or 150.0(o)1F.
            1. Additions to an existing dwelling unit that increase the conditioned floor area of the existing dwelling unit by less than or equal to 1000 square feet.
            2. Junior accessory dwelling units (JADU) that are additions to an existing building.
          2. Additions to an existing dwelling unit that increase the conditioned floor area of the existing dwelling unit by more than 1,000 square feet shall have mechanical ventilation airflow in accordance with Section 150.0(o)1C, 150.0(o)1E or 150.0(o)1F as applicable. The mechanical ventilation airflow rate shall be based on the conditioned floor area of the entire dwelling unit comprised of the existing dwelling unit conditioned floor area plus the addition conditioned floor area.
          3. New dwelling units that are additions to an existing building shall have mechanical ventilation airflow provided in accordance with Section 150.0(o)1C, 150.0(o)1E or 150.0(o)1F as applicable. The mechanical ventilation airflow rate shall be based on the conditioned floor area of the new dwelling unit.
        2. Local mechanical exhaust. Additions to existing buildings shall comply with all applicable requirements specified in Sections 150.0(o)1G and 150.0(o)2.
      4. Water heater. When a second water heater is installed as part of the addition, one of the following types of water heaters shall be installed:
        1. A single heat pump water heater. The storage tank shall not be located outdoors and shall be placed on an incompressible, rigid insulated surface with a minimum thermal resistance of R-10. The water heater shall be installed with a communication interface that either meets the requirements of Section 110.12(a) or has an ANSI/CTA-2045-B communication port; or
        2. A single heat pump water heater that meets the requirements of NEEA Advanced Water Heater Specification Tier 3 or higher; or
        3. A gas or propane instantaneous water heater with an input of 200,000 Btu per hour or less and no storage tank; or
        4. For additions that are 500 square feet or less, an instantaneous electric water heater with point of use distribution as specified in RA4.4.5; or
        5. A water-heating system determined by the Executive Director to use no more energy than the one specified in Item i, ii, iii or iv.
    2. Performance approach. Performance calculations shall meet the requirements of Section 150.1(a) through (c), pursuant to the applicable requirements in Items A, B and C below.
      1. For additions alone. The addition complies if the addition alone meets the energy budgets as specified in Section 150.1(b).
      2. Existing plus alteration plus addition. The standard design for existing plus alteration plus addition energy use is the combination of the existing building's unaltered components to remain; existing building altered components that are the more efficient, in TDV energy, of either the existing conditions or the requirements of Section 150.2(b)2; plus the proposed addition's energy use meeting the requirements of Section 150.2(a)1. The proposed design energy use is the combination of the existing building's unaltered components to remain and the altered components' energy features, plus the proposed energy features of the addition.
        Exception to Section 150.2(a)2B: Existing structures with a minimum R-11 insulation in framed walls showing compliance with Section 150.2(a)2 are exempt from showing compliance with Section 150.0(c).
      3. Mechanical ventilation for indoor air quality. Additions to existing buildings shall comply with Section 150.0(o) subject to the requirements specified in Subsections i and ii below.
        1. Whole-dwelling unit mechanical ventilation.
          1. Dwelling units that meet the conditions in Subsection 1 or 2 below shall not be required to comply with the whole-dwelling unit ventilation airflow specified in Section 150.0(o)1C, 150.0(o)1E or 150.0(o)1F.
            1. Additions to an existing dwelling unit that increase the conditioned floor area of the existing dwelling unit by less than or equal to 1000 square feet.
            2. Junior accessory dwelling units (JADU) that are additions to an existing building.
          2. Additions to an existing dwelling unit that increase the conditioned floor area of the existing dwelling unit by more than 1,000 square feet shall have mechanical ventilation airflow in accordance with Section 150.0(o)1C, 150.0(o)1E or 150.0(o)1F as applicable. The mechanical ventilation airflow rate shall be based on the conditioned floor area of the entire dwelling unit comprised of the existing dwelling unit conditioned floor area plus the addition conditioned floor area.
          3. New dwelling units that are additions to an existing building shall have mechanical ventilation airflow provided in accordance with Section 150.0(o)1C, 150.0(o)1E or 150.0(o)1F as applicable. The mechanical ventilation airflow rate shall be based on the conditioned floor area of the new dwelling unit.
        2. Local mechanical exhaust. Additions to existing buildings shall comply with all applicable requirements specified in Sections 150.0(o)1G and 150.0(o)2.
  2. Alterations. Alterations to existing single-family residential buildings or alterations in conjunction with a change in building occupancy to a single-family residential occupancy shall meet either Item 1 or 2 below.
    1. Prescriptive approach. The altered component and any newly installed equipment serving the alteration shall meet the applicable requirements of Sections 110.0 through 110.9, all applicable requirements of Sections 150.0(a) through (l), 150.0(m)1 through 150.0(m)10, and 150.0(p) through (q); and
      1. Added fenestration. Alterations that add vertical fenestration and skylight area shall meet the total fenestration area and west facing fenestration area, U-factor, and solar heat gain coefficient requirements of Section 150.1(c) and Table 150.1-A.
        Exception 1 to Section 150.2(b)1A: Alterations that add fenestration area of up to 75 square feet shall not be required to meet the total fenestration area and west-facing fenestration area requirements of Section 150.1(c)3B and C.
        Exception 2 to Section 150.2(b)1A: Alterations that add up to 16 square feet of new skylight area with a maximum U-factor of 0.55 and a maximum SHGC of 0.30 area shall not be required to meet the total fenestration area and west-facing fenestration area requirements of Sections 150.1(c)3B and C.
      2. Replacement fenestration. New manufactured fenestration products installed to replace existing fenestration products of the same total area shall meet the U-factor and Solar Heat Gain Coefficient requirements of Sections 150.1(c)3A, and 150.1(c)4.
        Exception 1 to Section 150.2(b)1B: Replacement of vertical fenestration no greater than 75 square feet with a U-factor no greater than 0.40 in Climate Zones 1—16, and a SHGC value no greater than 0.35 in Climate Zones 2, 4 and 6—15.
        Exception 2 to Section 150.2(b)1B: Replaced skylights must meet a U-factor no greater than 0.55, and a SHGC value no greater than 0.30.
        • Note: Glass replaced in an existing sash and frame or sashes replaced in an existing frame are considered repairs, provided that the replacement is at least equivalent to the original in performance.
      3. Entirely new or complete replacement space-conditioning systems installed as part of an alteration, shall include all the system heating or cooling equipment, including but not limited to: condensing unit, cooling or heating coil, and air handler for split systems; or complete replacement of a packaged unit; plus entirely new or replacement duct system [Section 150.2(b)1Diia]. Entirely new or complete replacement space-conditioning systems shall meet the requirements of Sections 150.0(h), 150.0(i), 150.0(j)1, 150.0(j)2, 150.0(m)1 through 150.0(m)10, 150.0(m)12, 150.0(m)13, 150.1(c)7, 150.2(b)1G and Table 150.2-A.
      4. Altered duct systems—duct sealing. In all climate zones, when more than 25 feet of new or replacement space-conditioning system ducts are installed, the ducts shall comply with the applicable requirements of Subsections i and ii below. Additionally, when altered ducts, air-handling units, cooling or heating coils, or plenums are located in garage spaces, the system shall comply with Subsection 150.2(b)1Diic regardless of the length of any new or replacement space-conditioning ducts installed in the garage space.
        1. New ducts located in unconditioned space shall meet the applicable requirements of Sections 150.0(m)1 through 150.0(m)10, and the duct insulation requirements of Table 150.2-A; and
        2. The altered duct system, regardless of location, shall be sealed as confirmed through field verification and diagnostic testing in accordance with all applicable procedures for duct sealing of altered existing duct systems as specified in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.1, utilizing the leakage compliance criteria specified in Subsection a or b below:
          1. Entirely new or complete replacement duct system. If the new ducts form an entirely new or complete replacement duct system directly connected to the air handler, the duct system shall meet one of the following requirements:
            1. For single-family dwellings, the measured duct leakage shall be equal to or less than 5 percent of the system air handler airflow as confirmed by field verification and diagnostic testing utilizing the procedures in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.1.4.3.1.
            2. II.  For multifamily dwellings, regardless of duct system location,
              1. The total leakage of the duct system shall not exceed 12 percent of the nominal system air handler airflow as determined utilizing the procedures in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.1.4.3.1, or
              2. The duct system leakage to outside shall not exceed 6 percent of the nominal system air handler airflow as determined utilizing the procedures in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.1.4.3.4.
            Entirely new or complete replacement duct systems installed as part of an alteration are constructed of at least 75 percent new duct material, and up to 25 percent may consist of reused parts from the dwelling unit's existing duct system, including but not limited to, registers, grilles, boots, air handler, coil, plenums, duct material, if the reused parts are accessible and can be sealed to prevent leakage.
            Entirely new or complete replacement duct systems shall also conform to the requirements of Sections 150(m)12 and 150(m)13. If the air handler and ducts are located within a vented attic, the requirements of Section 150.2(b)1J shall also be met.
          2. Extension of an existing duct system. If the new ducts are an extension of an existing duct system serving single-family or multifamily dwellings, the combined new and existing duct system shall meet one of the following requirements:
            1. The measured duct leakage shall be equal to or less than 10 percent of system air handler airflow as confirmed by field verification and diagnostic testing utilizing the procedures in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.1.4.3.1; or
            2. The measured duct leakage to outside shall be equal to or less than 7 percent of system air handler airflow as confirmed by field verification and diagnostic testing utilizing the procedures in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.1.4.3.4; or
            3. If it is not possible to meet the duct sealing requirements of either Section 150.2(b)1DiibI or 150.2(b)1DiibII, then all accessible leaks shall be sealed and verified through a visual inspection and a smoke test by a certified HERS Rater utilizing the methods specified in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.1.4.3.5.
            Exception to Section 150.2(b)1Diib: Duct sealing. Existing duct systems that are extended, which are constructed, insulated or sealed with asbestos.
          3. Altered ducts and duct system components in garage spaces. When new or replacement space-conditioning ducts, air-handling units, cooling or heating coils, or plenums are located in a garage space, compliance with either I or II below is required.
            1. The measured system duct leakage shall be less than or equal to 6 percent of system air handler airflow as determined utilizing the procedures in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.1.4.3.1; or
            2. All accessible leaks located in the garage space shall be sealed and verified through a visual inspection and a smoke test by a certified HERS Rater utilizing the methods specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA3.1.4.3.5.
      5. Altered space-conditioning system—duct sealing. In all climate zones, when a space-conditioning system serving a single-family or multifamily dwelling is altered by the installation or replacement of space-conditioning system equipment, including replacement of the air handler, outdoor condensing unit of a split system air conditioner or heat pump, or cooling or heating coil, the duct system that is connected to the altered space-conditioning system equipment shall be sealed, as confirmed through field verification and diagnostic testing in accordance with the applicable procedures for duct sealing of altered existing duct systems as specified in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.1, and the leakage compliance criteria specified in Subsection i, ii, or iii below. Additionally, when altered ducts, air-handling units, cooling or heating coils, or plenums are located in garage spaces, the system shall comply with Section 150.2(b)1Diic regardless of the length of any new or replacement space-conditioning ducts installed in the garage space.
        1. The measured duct leakage shall be equal to or less than 10 percent of system air handler airflow as determined utilizing the procedures in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.1.4.3.1; or
        2. The measured duct leakage to outside shall be equal to or less than 7 percent of system air handler airflow as determined utilizing the procedures in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.1.4.3.4; or
        3. If it is not possible to meet the duct sealing requirements of either Section 150.2(b)1Ei or 150.2(b)1Eii, then all accessible leaks shall be sealed and verified through a visual inspection and a smoke test by a certified HERS Rater utilizing the methods specified in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.1.4.3.5.
          Exception 1 to Section 150.2(b)1E: Duct sealing. Duct systems that are documented to have been previously sealed as confirmed through field verification and diagnostic testing in accordance with procedures in the Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.1.
          Exception 2 to Section 150.2(b)1E: Duct sealing. Duct systems with less than 40 linear feet as determined by visual inspection.
          Exception 3 to Section 150.2(b)1E: Duct sealing. Existing duct systems constructed, insulated or sealed with asbestos.
      6. Altered space-conditioning system—mechanical cooling. When a space-conditioning system is an air conditioner or heat pump that is altered by the installation or replacement of refrigerant-containing system components such as the compressor, condensing coil, evaporator coil, refrigerant metering device or refrigerant piping, the altered system shall comply with the following requirements:
        1. All thermostats associated with the system shall be replaced with setback thermostats meeting the requirements of Section 110.2(c).
        2. In Climate Zones 2, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15, air-cooled air conditioners and air-source heat pumps, including but not limited to ducted split systems, ducted package systems, small duct high-velocity air systems, and minisplit systems shall comply with Subsections a and b, unless the system is of a type that cannot be verified using the specified procedures. Systems that cannot comply with the requirements of Section 150.2(b)1Fii shall comply with Section 150.2(b)1Fiii.
          Exception to Section 150.2(b)1Fii: Entirely new or complete replacement packaged systems for which the manufacturer has verified correct system refrigerant charge prior to shipment from the factory are not required to have refrigerant charge confirmed through field verification and diagnostic testing. The installer of these packaged systems shall certify on the Certificate of Installation that the packaged system was pre-charged at the factory and has not been altered in a way that would affect the charge. Ducted systems shall comply with minimum system airflow rate requirement in Section 150.2(b)1Fiia, provided that the system is of a type that can be verified using the procedure specified in Section RA3.3 or an approved alternative in Section RA1.
          1. Minimum system airflow rate shall comply with the applicable Subsection I or II below as confirmed through field verification and diagnostic testing in accordance with the procedures specified in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.3 or an approved alternative procedure as specified in Section RA1.
            1. Small duct high-velocity systems shall demonstrate a minimum system airflow rate greater than or equal to 250 cfm per ton of nominal cooling capacity; or
            2. All other air-cooled air conditioner or airsource heat pump systems shall demonstrate a minimum system airflow rate greater than or equal to 300 cfm per ton of nominal cooling capacity; and
            Exception 1 to Section 150.2(b)1Fiia: Systems unable to comply with the minimum airflow rate requirement shall demonstrate compliance using the procedures in Section RA3.3.3.1.5; and the system's thermostat shall conform to the specifications in Section 110.12.
            Exception 2 to Section 150.2(b)1Fiia: Entirely new or complete replacement space-conditioning systems, as specified by Section 150.2(b)1C, without zoning dampers may comply with the minimum airflow rate by meeting the applicable requirements in Table 150.0-B or 150.0-C as confirmed by field verification and diagnostic testing in accordance with the procedures in Reference Residential Appendix Sections RA3.1.4.4 and RA3.1.4.5. The design clean-filter pressure drop requirements of Section 150.0(m)12C for the system air filter device(s) shall conform to the requirements given in Tables 150.0-B and 150.0-C.
          2. The installer shall charge the system according to manufacturer's specifications. Refrigerant charge shall be verified according to one of the following options, as applicable.
            1. The installer and rater shall perform the standard charge verification procedure as specified in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.2.2, or an approved alternative procedure as specified in Section RA1; or
            2. The system shall be equipped with a fault indicator display (FID) device that meets the specifications of Reference Joint Appendix JA6. The installer shall verify the refrigerant charge and FID device in accordance with the procedures in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.4.2. The HERS Rater shall verify FID device in accordance with the procedures in Section RA3.4.2; or
            3. The installer shall perform the weigh-in charging procedure as specified by Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.2.3.1, provided the system is of a type that can be verified using the Section RA3.2.2 standard charge verification procedure and Section RA3.3 airflow rate verification procedure or approved alternatives in Section RA1. The HERS Rater shall verify the charge using Sections RA3.2.2 and RA3.3 or approved alternatives in Section RA1.
            Exception to Section 150.2(b)1Fiib: When the outdoor temperature is less than 55°F and the installer utilizes the weigh-in charging procedure in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.2.3.1 to demonstrate compliance, the installer may elect to utilize the HERS Rater verification procedure in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.2.3.2. If the HERS Rater verification procedure in Section RA3.2.3.2 is used for compliance, the system's thermostat shall conform to the specifications in Section 110.12. Ducted systems shall comply with the minimum system airflow rate requirements in Section 150.2(b)1Fiia.
        3. In Climate Zones 2, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15, air-cooled air conditioners or air-source heat pumps, including but not limited to ducted split systems, ducted package systems, small duct high-velocity, and minisplit systems, which are of a type that cannot comply with the requirements of 150.2(b)1Fiib shall comply with Subsections a and b, as applicable.
          1. The installer shall confirm the refrigerant charge using the weigh-in charging procedure specified in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.2.3.1, as verified by a HERS Rater according to the procedures specified in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.2.3.2; and
          2. Systems that utilize forced air ducts shall comply with the minimum system airflow rate requirement in Section 150.2(b)1Fiia provided the system is of a type that can be verified using the procedures in Section RA3.3 or an approved alternative procedure in Section RA1.
          Exception to Section 150.2(b)1Fiii: Entirely new or complete replacement packaged systems for which the manufacturer has verified correct system refrigerant charge prior to shipment from the factory are not required to have refrigerant charge confirmed through field verification and diagnostic testing. The installer of these packaged systems shall certify on the Certificate of Installation that the packaged system was pre-charged at the factory and has not been altered in a way that would affect the charge. Ducted systems shall comply with minimum system airflow rate requirement in Section 150.2(b)1Fiiib, provided that the system is of a type that can be verified using the procedure specified in Section RA3.3 or an approved alternative in Section RA1.
      7. Altered space-heating system. Altered or replacement space-heating systems shall not use electric resistance as the primary heat source.
        Exception 1 to Section 150.2(b)1G: Nonducted electric resistance space heating systems, if the existing space heating system is electric resistance.
        Exception 2 to Section 150.2(b)1G: Ducted electric resistance space heating systems, if the existing space heating system is electric resistance and a ducted space cooling system is not being replaced or installed.
        Exception 3 to Section 150.2(b)1G: Electric resistance space heating systems, if the existing space heating system is electric resistance and the building is located in Climate Zone 7 or 15.
      8. Water-heating system. Altered or replacement service water-heating systems or components shall meet the applicable requirements below:
        1. Pipe insulation. For newly installed and existing accessible piping, the insulation requirements of Section 150.0(j)1 shall be met.
        2. Distribution system. For recirculation distribution systems: serving individual dwelling units, only demand recirculation systems with manual on/off control as specified in the Reference Appendix RA4.4.9 shall be installed.
        3. Water heating system. The water heating system shall meet one of the following:
          1. A natural gas or propane water-heating system; or
          2. A single heat pump water heater. The storage tank shall not be located outdoors and be placed on an incompressible, rigid insulated surface with a minimum thermal resistance of R-10. The water heater shall be installed with a communication interface that either meets the requirements of Section 110.12(a) or has an ANSI/CTA-2045-B communication port; or
          3. A single heat pump water heater that meets the requirements of NEEA Advanced Water Heater Specification Tier 3 or higher; or
          4. If the existing water heater is an electric resistance water heater, a consumer electric water heater; or
          5. A water-heating system determined by the Executive Director to use no more energy than the one specified in Item a above; or if no natural gas is connected to the existing water heater location, a water-heating system determined by the executive director to use no more energy than the one specified in Item d above.
      9. Roofs. Replacements of the exterior surface of existing roofs, including adding a new surface layer on top of the existing exterior surface, shall meet the requirements of Section 110.8 and the applicable requirements of Subsections i and ii where more than 50 percent of the roof is being replaced.
        1. Steep-sloped roofs. Steep-sloped roofs shall meet the following:
          New roofing products in Climate Zones 4 and 8 through 15 shall have a minimum aged solar reflectance of 0.20 and a minimum thermal emittance of 0.75, or a minimum SRI of 16.
          Exception 1 to Section 150.2(b)1Ii: The following shall be considered equivalent to Subsection i:
          1. Buildings with ceiling assemblies with a Ufactor lower than or equal to 0.025 or that are insulated with at least R-38 ceiling insulation; or
          2. Buildings with a radiant barrier in the attic, where the radiant barrier is not installed directly above spaced sheathing, meeting the requirements of Section 150.1(c)2; or
          3. In Climate Zones 2, 4, 9, 10, 12 and 14, buildings that have no ducts in the attic; or
          4. Buildings with R-2 or greater continuous insulation above or below the roof deck.
          Exception 2 to Section 150.2(b)1Ii: Roof area covered by building integrated photovoltaic panels or building integrated solar thermal panels is not required to meet minimum requirements for aged solar reflectance, thermal emittance or SRI.
          Exception 3 to Section 150.2(b)1Ii: Roof constructions with a weight of at least 25 lb/ft2 are exempt from minimum requirements for aged solar reflectance and thermal emittance, or SRI.
        2. Low-sloped roofs. Low-sloped roofs shall meet the following:
          1. New roofing products in Climate Zones 4 and 6 through 15 shall have an aged solar reflectance equal to or greater than 0.63 and a thermal emittance equal or greater than 0.75, or a minimum SRI of 75.
            Exception 1 to Section 150.2(b)1Iiia: The aged solar reflectance can be met by using insulation at the roof deck specified in Table 150.2-B.
            Exception 2 to Section 150.2(b)1Iiia: Roof area covered by building integrated photovoltaic panels or building integrated solar thermal panels is not required to meet the minimum requirements for aged solar reflectance, thermal emittance or SRI.
            Exception 3 to Section 150.2(b)1Iiia: Roof constructions with a weight of at least 25 lb/ft2 are exempt from the minimum requirements for aged solar reflectance and thermal emittance, or SRI.
          2. Roofs shall be insulated to the levels specified in Table 150.2-C.
            Exception 1 to Section 150.2(b)1Iiib: Existing roofs with R-10 or greater continuous insulation above or below the roof deck; or
            Exception 2 to Section 150.2(b)1Iiib: Existing roofs with an assembly U-factor of 0.056 or less or that are insulated with at least R-19 insulation between the roof rafters and in contact with the roof deck in Climate Zones 1, 2, 4, and 8 through 10; or
            Exception 3 to Section 150.2(b)1Iiib: The continuous insulation requirements of Table 150.2-C may be reduced to R-4 where the following conditions are met:
        1. Mechanical equipment is located on the roof and will not be temporarily disconnected and lifted as part of the roof replacement and the addition of insulation required by Table 150.2-C would reduce the height from the roof surface to the top of the base flashing to less than that set forth in the manufacturer's installation instructions as per California Residential Code Section R900; or
        2. Replaced roofing abuts sidewall or parapet walls and the addition of insulation required by Table 150.2-C would reduce the height from the roof surface to the top of the base flashing to less than that set forth in the manufacturer's installation instructions as per California Residential Code Section R900, provided that the following conditions apply:
          1. The sidewall or parapet walls are finished with an exterior cladding material other than the roof covering membrane material; and
          2. The sidewall or parapet walls have exterior cladding material that must be removed to install the new roof covering membrane to maintain the minimum base flashing height; and
          3. The ratio of the replaced roof area to the linear dimension of affected sidewall or parapet walls is less than 25 square feet per linear foot; or
        Exception 4 to Section 150.2(b)1Iiib: The continuous insulation requirements per Table 150.2-C may be reduced where increasing the thickness of above deck insulation would reduce the flashing around an existing exterior wall opening below what is permitted by the fenestration or door manufacturer's installation instructions, or registered design professional's approved flashing design, as per California Residential Code Section R703.4, or by California Residential Code Section R905.2.8.3.
        Exception 5 to Section 150.2(b)1Biib: Tapered insulation with thermal resistance less than prescribed at the drains and other low points may be used provided that the thickness of insulation is increased at the high points of the roof so that the average thermal resistance equals or exceeds the required value.
      10. Ceiling. Vented attics shall meet the following:
        1. In Climate Zones 1 through 4, 6, and 8 through 16 insulation shall be installed to achieve a weighted U-factor of 0.020 or insulation installed at the ceiling level shall result in an insulated thermal resistance of R-49 or greater for the insulation alone; and
          Exception to Section 150.2(b)1Ji: In Climate Zones 1, 3 and 6, dwelling units with at least R-19 existing insulation installed at the ceiling level.
        2. In Climate Zones 2, 4, and 8 through 16, air seal all accessible areas of the ceiling plane between the attic and the conditioned space in accordance with Section 110.7; and
          Exception 1 to Section 150.2(b)1Jii: Dwelling units with at least R-19 existing insulation installed at the ceiling level.
          Exception 2 to Section 150.2(b)1Jii: Dwelling units with atmospherically vented space-heating or water-heating combustion appliances located inside the pressure boundary of the dwelling unit.
        3. In Climate Zones 1 through 4 and 8 through 16, recessed downlight luminaires in the ceiling shall be covered with insulation to the same depth as the rest of the ceiling. Luminaires not rated for insulation contact must be replaced or retrofitted with a fireproof cover that allows for insulation to be installed directly over the cover; and
          Exception 1 to Section 150.2(b)1Jiii: In Climate Zones 1 through 4 and 8 through 10, dwelling units with at least R-19 existing insulation installed at the ceiling level with third-party verification of existing conditions.
        4. Attic ventilation shall comply with the California Building Code requirements.
          Exception 1 to Section 150.2(b)1J: Dwelling units with at least R-38 existing insulation installed at the ceiling level.
          Exception 2 to Section 150.2(b)1J: Dwelling units where the alteration would directly cause the disturbance of asbestos.
          Exception 3 to Section 150.2(b)1J: Dwelling units with knob and tube wiring located in the vented attic.
          Exception 4 to Section 150.2(b)1J: Where the accessible space in the attic is not large enough to accommodate the required R-value, the entire accessible space shall be filled with insulation provided such installation does not violate Section 806.3 of Title 24, Part 2.5.
          Exception 5 to Section 150.2(b)1J: Where the attic space above the altered dwelling unit is shared with other dwelling units and the requirements of Section 150.2(b)1J are not triggered for the other dwelling units.
      11. Lighting. The altered lighting system shall meet the lighting requirements of Section 150.0(k). The altered luminaires shall meet the luminaire efficacy requirements of Section 150.0(k) and Table 150.0-A. Where existing screw-base sockets are present in ceiling-recessed luminaires, removal of these sockets is not required provided that new JA8-compliant trim kits or lamps designed for use with recessed downlights or luminaires are installed.
      12. Mechanical ventilation for indoor air quality—entirely new or complete replacement ventilation systems. Entirely new or complete replacement ventilation systems shall comply with all applicable requirements in Section 150.0(o). An entirely new or complete replacement ventilation system includes a new ventilation fan component and an entirely new duct system. An entirely new or complete replacement duct system is constructed of at least 75 percent new duct material, and up to 25 percent may consist of reused parts from the dwelling unit's existing duct system, including but not limited to registers, grilles, boots, air filtration devices and duct material, if the reused parts are accessible and can be sealed to prevent leakage.
      13. Mechanical ventilation for indoor air quality—altered ventilation systems. Altered ventilation system components or newly installed ventilation equipment serving the alteration shall comply with Section 150.0(o) as applicable subject to the requirements specified in Subsections i and ii below.
        1. Whole-dwelling unit mechanical ventilation.
          1. Whole-dwelling unit airflow. If the wholedwelling ventilation fan is altered or replaced, then one of the following Subsections 1 or 2 shall be used for compliance as applicable.
            1. Dwellings that were required by a previous building permit to comply with the wholedwelling unit airflow requirements in Section 150.0(o) shall meet or exceed the whole-dwelling unit mechanical ventilation airflow specified in Section 150.0(o)1C, 150.0(o)1E or 150.0(o)1F as confirmed through field verification and diagnostic testing in accordance with the applicable procedures specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA3.7.
            2. Dwellings that were not required by a previous building permit to have a wholedwelling unit ventilation system shall not be required to comply with the wholedwelling unit ventilation airflow specified in Section 150.0(o)1C, 150.0(o)1E or 150.0(o)1F.
          2. Replacement ventilation fans. Whole-dwelling unit replacement ventilation fans shall be rated for airflow and sound in accordance with the requirements of ASHRAE 62.2 Sections 7.1 and 7.2. Additionally, when conformance to a specified whole-dwelling unit airflow rate is required for compliance, the replacement fans shall be rated at no less than the airflow rate required for compliance.
          3. Air filters. If the air filtration device for a whole-dwelling unit ventilation system is altered or replaced, then one of the following Subsections 1 or 2 shall be used for compliance as applicable.
            1. Dwellings that were required by a previous building permit to comply with the ventilation system air filtration requirements in Section 150.0(m)12 shall comply with the air filtration requirements in Section 150.0(m)12.
            2. Dwellings that were not required by a previous building permit to comply with the ventilation system air filtration requirements in Section 150.0(m)12 shall not be required to comply with the air filtration requirements specified in Section 150.0(m)12.
        2. Local mechanical exhaust.
          1. Bathroom local mechanical exhaust. Altered bathroom local mechanical exhaust systems shall comply with the applicable requirements specified in Section 150.0(o)1G.
          2. Kitchen local mechanical exhaust. If the kitchen local ventilation fan is altered or replaced, then one of the following Subsections 1, 2 or 3 shall be used for compliance as applicable.
            1. Dwellings that were required by a previous building permit to comply with the kitchen local exhaust requirements in Section 150.0(o)1G shall meet or exceed the applicable airflow or capture efficiency requirements in Section 150.0(o)1G.
            2. Dwellings that were required by a previous building permit to install a vented kitchen range hood or other kitchen exhaust fan shall install a replacement fan that meets or exceeds the airflow required by the previous building permit, or 100 cfm, whichever is greater.
            3. Dwellings that were not required to have a kitchen local ventilation exhaust system according to the conditions in either Subsection 1 or 2 above shall not be required to comply with the requirements of Section 150.0(o)1G.
          3. Replacement ventilation fans. New or replacement local mechanical exhaust fans shall be rated for airflow and sound in accordance with the requirements of ASHRAE 62.2 Section 7.1 and Title 24, Part 6 Section 150.0(o)1Gvi. Additionally, when compliance with a specified exhaust airflow rate is required, the replacement fan shall be rated at no less than the airflow rate required for compliance.
      14. Exterior doors. Alterations that add exterior door area shall meet the U-factor requirement of Section 150.1(c)5.
    2. Performance approach. The altered component(s) and any newly installed equipment serving the alteration shall meet the applicable requirements of Subsections A, B, and C below.
      1. The altered components shall meet the applicable requirements of Sections 110.0 through 110.9, Sections 150.0(a) through (l), Sections 150.0(m)1 through 150.0 (m)10, and Sections 150.0(p) through (q). Entirely new or complete replacement mechanical ventilation systems, as these terms are used in Section 150.2(b)1L, shall comply with the requirements in Section 150.2(b)1L. Altered mechanical ventilation systems shall comply with the requirements of Section 150.2(b)1M. Entirely new or complete replacement space-conditioning systems, and entirely new or complete replacement duct systems, as these terms are used in Sections 150.2(b)1C and 150.2(b)1Diia, shall comply with the requirements of Sections 150.0(m)12 and 150.0(m)13.
      2. The standard design for an altered component shall be the higher efficiency of existing conditions or the requirements stated in Table 150.2-D. For components not being altered, the standard design shall be based on the existing conditions. When the third party verification option is specified as a requirement, all components proposed for alteration for which the additional credit is taken must be verified.
      3. The proposed design shall be based on the actual values of the altered components.
        Notes to Section 150.2(b)2:
        1. If an existing component must be replaced with a new component, that component is considered an altered component for the purpose of determining the standard design altered component energy budget and must meet the requirements of Section 152(b)2B.
        2. The standard design shall assume the same geometry and orientation as the proposed design.
        3. The "existing efficiency level" modeling rules, including situations where nameplate data are not available, are described in the Residential ACM Approval Manual.
        Exception 1 to Section 150.2(b): Any dual- glazed greenhouse or/garden window installed as part of an alteration complies with the U-factor requirements in Section 150.1(c)3.
        Exception 2 to Section 150.2(b): Where the space in the attic or rafter area is not large enough to accommodate the required R-value, the entire space shall be filled with insulation, provided such installation does not violate Section 1203.2 of Title 24, Part 2.
  3. Whole building. Any addition or alteration may comply with the requirements of Title 24, Part 6 by meeting the requirements for the entire building.
Note: Authority: Sections 25213, 25218, 25218.5, 25402 and 25402.1, Public Resources Code. Reference: Sections 25007, 25008, 25218.5, 25310, 25402, 25402.1, 25402.4, 25402.5, 25402.8, 25910, and 25943, Public Resources Code.
TABLE 150.2-A
DUCT INSULATION R-VALUE
Climate Zone 3, 5 through 7 1, 2, 4, 8 through 16
Duct R-Value R-6 R-8
TABLE 150.2-B
AGED SOLAR REFLECTANCE INSULATION TRADE-OFF TABLE
MINIMUM AGED
SOLAR
REFLECTANCE
ROOF DECK
CONTINUOUS
INSULATION
R-VALUE
(Climate Zones 6—7)
ROOF DECK
CONTINUOUS
INSULATION
R-VALUE
(Climate Zones 2, 4
and 8—15)
0.60 2 16
0.55 4 18
0.50 6 20
0.45 8 22
No requirement 10 24
TABLE 150.2-C
INSULATION REQUIREMENTS FOR ROOF ALTERATIONS
CLIMATE ZONE CONTINUOUS
INSULATION R-VALUE
ROOF ASSEMBLY
U-FACTOR
3, 5—7 N.A. N.A.
1, 2, 4, 8—16 R-14 0.039
TABLE 150.2-D
STANDARD DESIGN FOR AN ALTERED COMPONENT
ALTERED
COMPONENT
STANDARD DESIGN WITHOUT
THIRD PARTY VERIFICATION OF EXISTING
CONDITIONS SHALL BE BASED ON
STANDARD DESIGN WITH
THIRD-PARTY VERIFICATION OF EXISTING
CONDITIONS SHALL BE BASED ON
Ceiling insulation, wall insulation, and raised-floor insulation The requirements of Sections 150.0(a), (c), and (d) The existing insulation R-value
Fenestration The U-factor of 0.40 and SHGC value of 0.35.
The glass area shall be the glass area of the existing building.
If the proposed U-factor is ≤ 0.40 and SHGC value is ≤ 0.35, the standard design shall be based on the existing U-factor and SHGC values as verified. Otherwise, the standard design shall be based on the U-factor of 0.40 and SHGC value of 0.35. The glass area shall be the glass area of the existing building.
Window film The U-factor of 0.40 and SHGC value of 0.35. The existing fenestration in the alteration shall be based on Tables 110.6-A and 110.6-B.
Doors The U-factor of 0.20. The door area shall be the door area of the existing building. If the proposed U-factor is < 0.20, the standard design shall be based on the existing U-factor value as verified. Otherwise, the standard design shall be based on the U-factor of 0.20. The door area shall be the door area of the existing building.
Space-heating and space-cooling equipment Table 150.1-A for equipment efficiency requirements; Section 150.2(b)1C for entirely new or complete replacement systems; Section 150.2(b)1F for refrigerant charge verification requirements. The existing efficiency levels.
Air distribution system — duct sealing The requirements of Sections 150.2(b)1D and 150.2(b)1E
Air distribution system — duct insulation The proposed efficiency levels. The existing efficiency levels.
Water heating systems The requirements of Section 150.2(b)1Hii. The existing efficiency levels.
Roofing products The requirements of Section 150.2(b)1I.
All other measures The proposed efficiency levels. The existing efficiency levels.
TABLE P4-A
ADOPTION TABLE
CODE SECTION AGENCY
Adopt entire Chapter as amended
(amended sections listed below)1
CEC
601.0 X
602.0 X
603.0 X
604.0 X
605.0 X
  1. Adopted by reference for Occupancies A, B, E, F, H, M, R, S, and U; see Sections 110.8(d)3, 120.4 and 150.0(m).
Linked Resources
P
P Premium Feature

This feature is included in the premium subscription. Visit the feature page to learn more.

Learn More
Bookmarks
P
P Premium Feature

This feature is included in the premium subscription. Visit the feature page to learn more.

Learn More