Heads up: There are no suggested sections in this chapter.
Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
  1. Basic requirements. Low-rise residential buildings shall meet all of the following:

    1. The applicable requirements of Sections 110.0 through 110.10.
    2. The applicable requirements of Section 150.0 (mandatory features).
    3. Either the performance standards or the prescriptive standards set forth in this section for the climate zone in which the building is located. Climate zones are shown in Reference Joint Appendix JA2 —Weather/Climate Data.
      Exception to Section 150.1(a)3: If a single contiguous subdivision or tract falls in more than one climate zone, all buildings in the subdivision or tract may be designed to meet the performance or prescriptive standards for the climate zone that contains 50 percent or more of the dwelling units.

      Note: The Commission periodically updates, publishes, and makes available to interested persons and local enforcement agencies precise descriptions of the climate zones, as specified in Reference Joint Appendix JA2 —Weather/Climate Data.

    Note: The requirements of Sections 150.0(a) through 150.0(r) apply to newly constructed buildings and Sections 150.2(a) and 150.2(b) specifies changes to the requirements of Sections 150.1(a) through 150.1(c) that apply to additions or alterations.

  2. Performance standards. A building complies with the performance standards if the energy consumption calculated for the proposed design building is no greater than the energy budget calculated for the standard design building using Commission-certified compliance software as specified by the Alternative Calculation Methods Approval Manual.

    1. Newly constructed buildings. The Energy Budget for newly constructed buildings is expressed in terms of the Energy Design Rating, which is based on time dependent valuation (TDV) energy. The Energy Design Rating (EDR) has two components, the Energy Efficiency Design Rating, and the Solar Electric Generation and Demand Flexibility Design Rating. The Solar Electric Generation and Demand Flexibility Design Rating shall be subtracted from the Energy Efficiency Design Rating to determine the total Energy Design Rating. The proposed building shall separately comply with the Energy Efficiency Design Rating and the Total Energy Design Rating.

      Exception to Section 150.1(b)1. A community shared solar electric generation system, or other renewable electric generation system, and/or community shared battery storage system, which provides dedicated power, utility energy reduction credits, or payments for energy bill reductions to the permitted building and is approved by the Energy Commission as specified in Title 24, Part 1, Section 10-115, may offset part or all of the solar electric generation system Energy Design Rating required to comply with the Standards, as calculated according to methods established by the Commission in the Residential ACM Reference Manual.
    2. Additions and alterations to existing buildings. The energy budget for additions and alterations is expressed in terms of TDV energy.

    3. Compliance demonstration requirements for performance standards.

      1. Certificate of compliance and application for a building permit. The application for a building permit shall include documentation pursuant to Sections 10-103(a)1 and 10-103(a)2 which demonstrates, using an approved calculation method, that the building has been designed so that its Energy Efficiency Design Rating and the total EDR meets or exceeds the standard design EDR for the applicable climate zone.
        Exception to Section 150.1(b)3A Multiple orientation: A permit applicant may demonstrate compliance with the energy budget requirements of Section 150.1(a) and (b) for any orientation of the same building model if the documentation demonstrates that the building model with its proposed designs and features would comply in each of the four cardinal orientations.
      2. Field verification. When performance of installed features, materials, components, manufactured devices or systems above the minimum specified in Section 150.1(c) is necessary for the building to comply with Section 150.1(b), or is necessary to achieve a more stringent local ordinance, field verification shall be performed in accordance with the applicable requirements in the following subsections, and the results of the verification(s) shall be documented on applicable certificates of installation pursuant to Section 10-103(a)3 and applicable certificates of verification pursuant to Section 10-103(a)5.

        1. SEER Rating. When performance compliance requires installation of a space conditioning system with a SEER rating that is greater than the minimum SEER rating required by Table 150.1-A or B, the installed system shall be field verified in accordance with the procedures specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA3.4.4.1.
        2. EER Rating. When performance compliance requires installation of a space conditioning system with an EER rating greater than the standard design value for EER, the installed system shall be field verified in accordance with the procedures specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA3.4.4.1.
        3. Low leakage air handler. When performance compliance requires installation of a low leakage air-handling unit, the installed air-handling unit shall be field verified in accordance with the procedures specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA3.1.4.3.9.
        4. HSPF rating. When performance compliance requires installation of a heat pump system with a Heating Seasonal Performance Factor (HSPF) rating that is greater than the minimum HSPF rating required by Table 150.1-A or B, the installed system shall be field verified in accordance with the procedures specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA3.4.4.1.
        5. Heat pump—rated heating capacity. When performance compliance requires installation of a heat pump system, the heating capacity values at 47°F and 17°F shall be field verified in accordance with the procedures specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA3.4.4.2.
        6. Whole-house fan. When performance compliance requires installation of a whole-house fan, the whole-house fan ventilation airflow rate and fan efficacy shall be field verified in accordance with the procedures in Reference Residential Appendix RA3.9.
        7. Central fan ventilation cooling system. When performance compliance requires installation of a central fan ventilation cooling system, the installed system shall be field verified in accordance with the procedures in Reference Residential Appendix RA3.3.4.
        8. Building enclosure air leakage. When performance compliance requires a building enclosure leakage rate that is lower than the standard design, the building enclosure shall be field verified in accordance with the procedures specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA3.8.
        9. Quality Insulation Installation (QII). When performance compliance requires field verification of QII, the building insulation system shall be field verified in accordance with the procedures in Reference Residential Appendix RA3.5.
  3. Prescriptive standards/component packages. Buildings that comply with the prescriptive standards shall be designed, constructed and equipped to meet all of the requirements for the appropriate climate zone shown in Table 150.1-A or B. In Tables 150.1-A and 150.1-B, an NA (not allowed) means that feature is not permitted in a particular climate zone and an NR (no requirement) means that there is no prescriptive requirement for that feature in a particular climate zone. Installed components shall meet the following requirements:

    1. Insulation.

      1. Roof and ceiling insulation shall be installed in a ventilated attic with an R-value equal to or greater than that shown in Table 150.1-A or B meeting Options ii or iii below.

        1. Option A: Reserved.
        2. Option B: A minimum R-value of insulation installed between the roof rafters in contact with the roof deck and an additional layer of ceiling insulation located between the attic and the conditioned space when meeting Section 150.1(c)9A; or
        3. Option C: A minimum R-value of ceiling insulation located between the attic and the conditioned space when meeting Section 150.1(c)9B.

        Note: Low-rise residential single-family and multifamily buildings with the ducts and air handler located in the conditioned space, as specified by Section 150.1(c)9B, need only comply with insulation requirements of Option C.

      2. Walls.

        1. Framed exterior walls shall be insulated such that the exterior wall has an assembly U-factor equal to or less than that shown in Table 150.1-A or B. The U-factors shown are maximum U-factors for the exterior wall assembly.
        2. Mass walls above grade and below grade shall be insulated such that the wall has an assembly U-factor equal to or less than that shown in Table 150.1-A or B, or walls shall be insulated with continuous insulation that has an R-value equal to or greater than that shown in Table 150.1-A or B. "Interior" denotes continuous insulation installed on the inside surface of the wall, and "exterior" denotes continuous insulation installed on the outside surface of the wall.
        3. Other unframed exterior walls, excluding mass walls, shall meet the requirements for framed walls shown in Table 150.1-A or B.
      3. Raised-floors shall be insulated such that the floor assembly has an assembly U-factor equal to or less than shown in Table 150.1-A or B, or shall be insulated between wood framing with insulation having an R-value equal to or greater than that shown in Table 150.1-A or B.
        Exception to Section 150.1(c)1C: Raised-floor insulation may be omitted if the foundation walls are insulated to meet the wall insulation minimums shown in Table 150.1-A or B, and a vapor retarder is placed over the entire floor of the crawl space, and the vents are fitted with automatically operated louvers, and the requirements of Reference Residential Appendix RA 4.5.1 are met.
      4. Slab floor perimeter insulation shall be installed with a U-factor equal to or less than, or R-value equal to or greater than, shown in Table 150.1-A or B. The minimum depth of concrete-slab floor perimeter insulation shall be 16 inches or the depth of the footing of the building, whichever is less.
        Exception to Section 150.1(c)1: The insulation requirements of Tables 150.1-A and 150.1-B may also be met by ceiling, roof deck, wall, or floor assemblies that meet the required maximum U-factors using a U-factor calculation method that considers the thermal effects of all elements of the assembly and is approved by the executive director.
      5. All buildings shall comply with the quality insulation installation (QII) requirements shown in Table 150.1-A or B. When QII is required, insulation installation shall meet the criteria specified in Reference Appendix RA3.5.
    2. Radiant barrier. A radiant barrier required in Table 150.1-A or B, shall meet the requirements specified in Section 110.8(j), and shall meet the installation criteria specified in the Reference Residential Appendix RA4.
    3. Fenestration.

      1. Installed fenestration products, including glazed doors, shall have an area- weighted average U-factor and Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC) meeting the applicable fenestration value in Table 150.1-A or B and shall be determined in accordance with Sections 110.6(a)2 and 110.6(a)3.
        Exception 1 to Section 150.1(c)3A: For each dwelling unit, up to 3 square feet of new glazing area installed in doors and up to 3 square feet of new tubular skylights area with dual-pane diffusers shall not be required to meet the U-factor and SHGC requirements of Table 150.1-A or B.
        Exception 2 to Section 150.1(c)3A: For each dwelling unit up to 16 square feet of new skylight area with a maximum U-factor of 0.55 and a maximum SHGC of 0.30.
        Exception 3 to Section 150.1(c)3A: For fenestration containing chromogenic type glazing:
        1. The lower-rated labeled U-factor and SHGC shall be used with automatic controls to modulate the amount of solar gain and light transmitted into the space in multiple steps in response to daylight levels or solar intensity;
        2. Chromogenic glazing shall be considered separately from other fenestration; and
        3. Area-weighted averaging with other fenestration that is not chromatic shall not be permitted and shall be determined in accordance with Section 110.6(a).
        Exception 4 to Section 150.1(c)3A: For dwelling units containing unrated site-built fenestration that meets the maximum area restriction, the U-factor and SHGC can be determined in accordance with the Nonresidential Reference Appendix NA6 or use default values in Table 116-A and Table 116-B.
      2. The maximum total fenestration area shall not exceed the percentage of conditioned floor area CFA as indicated in Table 150.1-A or B. Total fenestration includes skylights and west-facing glazing.
      3. The maximum west-facing fenestration area shall not exceed the percentage of conditioned floor area as indicated in Table 150.1-A or B. West-facing fenestration area includes skylights tilted in any direction when the pitch is less than 1:12.
    4. Shading. Where Table 150.1-A or B requires a maximum SHGC, the requirements shall be met by one of the following:

      1. Complying with the required SHGC pursuant to Section 150.1(c)3A, or
      2. An exterior operable shading louver or other exterior shading device that meets the required SHGC; or
      3. A combination of Items A and B to achieve the same performance as achieved in Section 150.1(c)3A.
      4. For south-facing glazing only, optimal overhangs shall be installed so that the south-facing glazing is fully shaded at solar noon on August 21 and substantially exposed to direct sunlight at solar noon on December 21.
      5. Exterior shading devices must be permanently secured with attachments or fasteners that are not intended for removal.
        Exception to Section 150.1(c)4E: Where the California Building Code (CBC) requires emergency egress or where compliance would conflict with health and safety regulations.
    5. Doors. Installed swinging door products separating conditioned space from outside or adjacent unconditioned space, but not including glazed door products, shall have an area-weighted average U-factor no greater than the applicable door value in Table 150.1-A or B and shall be determined in accordance with Section 110.6(a)2. Glazed door products are treated as fenestration products in Sections 150.1(c)3 and 150.1(c)4.
      Exception to Section 150.1(c)5: Swinging doors between the garage and conditioned space that are required to have fire protection are not required to meet the applicable door value in Table 150.1-A or B.
    6. Heating system type. Heating system types shall be installed as required in Table 150.1-A or B.
      EXCEPTION to Section 150.1(c)6: A supplemental heating unit may be installed in a space served directly or indirectly by a primary heating system, provided that the unit thermal capacity does not exceed 2 kW or 7,000 Btu/hr and is controlled by a time-limiting device not exceeding 30 minutes.
    7. Space heating and space cooling. All space heating and space cooling equipment shall comply with minimum appliance efficiency regulations as specified in Sections 110.0 through 110.2 and meet all applicable requirements of Sections 150.0 and 150.1(c)7A.

      1. Refrigerant charge. When refrigerant charge verification or fault indicator display is shown as required by Table 150.1-A or B, the system shall comply with either Table 150.1(c)7Ai or 150.1(c)7Aii:

        1. Air-cooled air conditioners and air-source heat pumps, including but not limited to ducted split systems, ducted packaged systems, small duct high velocity systems, and mini-split systems, shall comply with Subsections a, b and c, unless the system is of a type that cannot be verified using the specified procedures:

          1. Have measurement access holes (MAH), installed according to the specifications in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.2.2.3; and
            Exception to Section 150.1(c)7Aia: Systems that cannot conform to the specifications for hole location in Reference Residential Appendix Figure RA3.2-1, shall not be required to provide holes as described in Figure RA3.2-1.
          2. System airflow rate in accordance with Subsection I or II shall be confirmed through field verification and diagnostic testing in accordance with all applicable procedures specified in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3. 3 or an approved alternative procedure as specified by Section RA1; and
            1. For small duct high velocity systems the system airflow rate shall be greater than or equal to 250 cfm per ton; or
            2. For all other air-cooled air conditioner or air-source heat pump systems the system airflow rate shall be greater than or equal to 350 cfm per ton.

            Exception to Section 150.1(c)7Aib: Standard ducted systems without zoning dampers may comply with the minimum airflow rate by meeting the applicable requirements in Table 150.0-B or 150.0-C as confirmed by field verification and diagnostic testing in accordance with the procedures in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.1.4.4 and RA3.1.4.5. The design clean-filter pressure drop requirements of Section 150.0(m)12D for the system air filter device(s) shall conform to the requirements given in Tables 150.0-B and 150.0-C.
          3. The installer shall charge the system according to manufacturer's specifications. Refrigerant charge shall be verified according to one of the following options, as applicable:

            1. The installer and rater shall perform the standard charge procedure as specified by Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.2.2, or an approved alternative procedure as specified by Section RA1; or
            2. The system shall be equipped with a fault indicator display (FID) device that meets the specifications of Reference Joint Appendix JA6. The installer shall verify the refrigerant charge and FID device in accordance with the procedures in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.4.2. The HERS Rater shall verify FID device in accordance with the procedures in Section RA3.4.2; or
            3. The installer shall perform the weigh-in charging procedure as specified by Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.2.3.1 provided the system is of a type that can be verified using the Section RA3.2.2 standard charge verification procedure and Section RA3.3 airflow rate verification procedure or approved alternatives in Section RA1. The HERS Rater shall verify the charge using Sections RA3.2.2 and RA3.3 or approved alternatives in Section RA1.
            Exception 1 to Section 150.1(c)7Aic: When the outdoor temperature is less than 55°F and the installer utilizes the weigh-in charging procedure in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.2.3.1 to verify the refrigerant charge, the installer may elect to utilize the HERS Rater verification procedure in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.2.3.2. If the HERS Rater verification procedure in Section RA3.2.3.2 is used for compliance, the system's thermostat shall conform to the specifications in Section 110.12. Ducted systems shall comply with minimum system airflow rate requirement in Section 150.1(c)7Aib.
        2. Air-cooled air conditioners and air-source heat pumps, including but not limited to ducted split systems, ducted packaged systems, small duct high-velocity systems and mini-split systems, which are of a type that cannot comply with the requirements of Section 150.1(c)7Ai shall comply with Subsections a and b, as applicable.

          1. The installer shall confirm the refrigerant charge using the weigh-in charging procedure specified in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.2.3.1, as verified by a HERS Rater according to the procedures specified in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.2.3.2.; and
          2. Systems that utilize forced air ducts shall comply with the minimum system airflow rate requirement in Section 150.1(c)7Aib provided the system is of a type that can be verified using the procedures in Section RA3.3 or an approved alternative procedure in Section RA1.
          Exception to Section 150.1(c)7A: Packaged systems for which the manufacturer has verified correct system refrigerant charge prior to shipment from the factory are not required to have refrigerant charge confirmed through field verification and diagnostic testing. The installer of these packaged systems shall certify on the Certificate of Installation that the packaged system was pre-charged at the factory and has not been altered in a way that would affect the charge. Ducted systems shall comply with minimum system airflow rate requirements in Section 150.1(c)7Aib, provided that the system is of a type that can be verified using the procedure specified in Section RA3.3 or an approved alternative in Section RA1.
    8. Domestic water-heating-systems. Water-heating-systems shall meet the requirements of A, B or C. For recirculation distribution systems serving individual dwelling unit, only demand recirculation systems with manual on/off control as specified in the Reference Appendix RA4.4.9 shall be used:

      1. For systems serving individual dwelling units, the water heating system shall meet the requirements of i, ii, iii, iv, or v:

        1. One or more gas or propane instantaneous water heater with an input of 200,000 Btu per hour or less and no storage tank.

        2. A single gas or propane storage-type water heater with an input of 75,000 Btu per hour or less, rated volume less than or equal to 55 gallons and that meets the requirements of Sections 110.1 and 110.3. The dwelling unit shall have installed fenestration products with a weighted average U-factor no greater than 0.24, and in addition one of the following shall be installed:

          1. A compact hot water distribution system that is field verified as specified in the Reference Appendix RA4.4.16.
          2. A drain water heat recovery system that is field verified as specified in the Reference Appendix RA3.6.9.
        3. A single gas or propane storage type water heater with an input of 75,000 Btu per hour or less, rated volume of more than 55 gallons.

        4. A single heat pump water heater. The storage tank shall be located in the garage or conditioned space. In addition, one of the following:

          1. A compact hot water distribution system as specified in the Reference Appendix RA4.4.6 and a drain water heat recovery system that is field verified as specified in the Reference Appendix RA3.6.9.
          2. For Climate Zones 2 through 15, a photovoltaic system capacity of 0.3 kWdc larger than the requirement specified in Section 150.1(c)14.
          3. For Climate Zones 1 and 16, a photovoltaic system capacity of 1.1 kWdc larger than the requirement specified in Section 150.1(c)14.
        5. A single heat pump water heater that meets the requirements of NEEA Advanced Water Heater Specification Tier 3 or higher. The storage tank shall be located in the garage or conditioned space. In addition, for Climate Zones 1 and 16, a photovoltaic system capacity of 0.3 kWdc larger than the requirement specified in Section 150.1(c)14 or a compact hot water distribution system as specified in the Reference Appendix RA4.4.6.
      2. For systems serving multiple dwelling units, a central water heating system that includes the following components shall be installed:

        1. Gas or propane water heating system.
        2. A recirculation system that meets the requirements of Sections 110.3(c)2 and 110.3(c)4, includes two or more separate recirculation loops serving separate dwelling units, and is capable of automatically controlling the recirculation pump operation based on measurement of hot water demand and hot water return temperature.

          Exception to Section 150.1(c)8Bii: Buildings with eight or fewer dwelling units may use a single recirculation loop.

          A solar water-heating system meeting the installation criteria specified in Reference Residential Appendix Section RA4 and with a minimum solar savings fraction of 0.20 in Climate Zones 1 through 9 or a minimum solar savings fraction of either a or b:

          1. A minimum solar savings fraction of 0.20 in Climate Zones 1 through 9 or a minimum solar savings fraction of 0.35 in Climate Zones 10 through 16.
          2. A minimum solar savings fraction of 0.15 in Climate Zones 1 through 9 or a minimum solar savings fraction of 0.30 in Climate Zones 10 through 16. In addition, a drain water heat recovery system that is field verified as specified in the Reference Appendix RA3.6.9.
      3. A water-heating system serving multiple dwelling units determined by the Executive Director to use no more energy than the one specified in Subsection B.
    9. Space conditioning distribution systems. All space conditioning systems shall meet all applicable requirements of A or B below:

      1. High performance attics. Air handlers or ducts are allowed to be in ventilated attic spaces when the roof and ceiling insulation level meet Option B in Table 150.1-A or B. Duct insulation levels shall meet the requirements in Table 150.1-A or B.
      2. Duct and air handlers located in conditioned space. Duct systems and air handlers of HVAC systems shall be located in conditioned space, and confirmed by field verification and diagnostic testing to meet the criterion of Reference Residential Appendix Section RA3.1.4.3.8. Duct insulation levels shall meet the requirements in Table 150.1-A or B.

      Note: Gas heating appliances installed in conditioned spaces must meet the combustion air requirements of the California Mechanical Code Chapter 7, as applicable.

    10. Central fan integrated ventilation systems. Central forced air system fans used to provide outside air shall have an air-handling unit fan efficacy less than or equal to the maximum W/CFM specified in A or B. The airflow rate and fan efficacy requirements in this section shall be confirmed through field verification and diagnostic testing in accordance with all applicable procedures specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA3.3. Central fan integrated ventilation systems shall be certified to the Energy Commission as intermittent ventilation systems as specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA3.7.4.2.

      1. 0.45 W/CFM for gas furnace air-handling units; or
      2. 0.58 W/CFM for air-handling units that are not gas furnaces.
      Exception to Section 151.0(c)10A: Gas furnace air-handling units manufactured prior to July 3, 2019 shall comply with a fan efficacy value less than or equal to 0.58 w/cfm as confirmed by field verification and diagnostic testing in accordance with the procedures given in Reference Residential Appendix RA3.3.
    11. Roofing products. All roofing products shall meet the requirements of Section 110.8 and the applicable requirements of Subsection A or B:

      1. Low-rise residential buildings with steep-sloped roofs in climate zones 10 through 15 shall have a minimum aged solar reflectance of 0.20 and a minimum thermal emittance of 0.75, or a minimum SRI of 16.
      2. Low-rise residential buildings with low-sloped roofs, in climate zones 13 and 15 shall have a minimum aged solar reflectance of 0.63 and a minimum thermal emittance of 0.75 or a minimum SRI of 0.75.
      Exception 1 to Section 150.1(c)11: Building integrated photovoltaic panels and building integrated solar thermal panels are exempt from the minimum requirements for solar reflectance and thermal emittance or SRI.
      Exception 2 to Section 150.1(c)11: Roof constructions with a weight of at least 25 lb/ft2 are exempt from the minimum requirements for solar reflectance and thermal emittance or SRI.
    12. Ventilation cooling. Single-family homes shall comply with the whole-house fan (WHF) requirements shown in Table 150.1-A. When a WHF is required, comply with Subsections A through C below:

      1. Have installed one or more WHFs whose total airflow CFM is equal to or greater than 1.5 CFM/ft2 of conditioned floor area. Airflow CFM for WHF's shall be determined based on the airflow listed in the Energy Commission's database of certified appliances, which is available at: www.energy.ca.gov/appliances/database; and
      2. Have at least 1 square foot of attic vent free area for each 750 CFM of rated whole-house fan airflow CFM, or if the manufacturer has specified a greater free vent area, the manufacturers' free vent area specifications; and
        Exception to Section 150.1(c)12B: WHFs that are directly vented to the outside.
      3. Provide homeowners who have WHFs with a one page "How to operate your whole-house fan" informational sheet.
    13. HVAC system bypass ducts. Bypass ducts that deliver conditioned supply air directly to the space conditioning system return duct airflow shall not be used.
    14. Photovoltaic Requirements. All low-rise residential buildings shall have a photovoltaic (PV) system meeting the minimum qualification requirements as specified in Joint Appendix JA11, with annual electrical output equal to or greater than the dwelling's annual electrical usage as determined by Equation 150.1-C:

      EQUATION 150.1-C ANNUAL PHOTOVOLTAIC ELECTRICAL OUTPUT

      where:

      kWPV = kWdc size of the PV system

      CFA = Conditioned floor area

      NDwell = Number of dwelling units

      A = Adjustment factor from Table 150.1-C

      B = Dwelling adjustment factor from Table 150.1-C

      Exception 1 to Section 150.1(c)14: No PV system is required if the effective annual solar access is restricted to less than 80 contiguous square feet by shading from existing permanent natural or manmade barriers external to the dwelling, including but not limited to trees, hills, and adjacent structures. The effective annual solar access shall be 70 percent or greater of the output of an unshaded PV array on an annual basis.
      Exception 2 to Section 150.1(c)14: In Climate Zone 15, the PV system size shall be the smaller of a size that can be accommodated by the effective annual solar access or a PV system size required by the Equation 150.1-C, but no less than 1.5 Watt DC per square foot of conditioned floor area.
      Exception 3 to Section 150.1(c)14: In all climate zones, for dwelling units with two habitable stories, the PV system size shall be the smaller of a size that can be accommodated by the effective annual solar access or a PV system size required by the Equation 150.1-C, but no less than 1.0 Watt DC per square foot of conditioned floor area
      Exception 4 to Section 150.1(c)14: In all climate zones, for low-rise residential dwellings with three habitable stories and single-family dwellings with three or more habitable stories, the PV system size shall be the smaller of a size that can be accommodated by the effective annual solar access or a PV system size required by the Equation 150.1-C, but no less than 0.8 Watt DC per square foot of conditioned floor area.
      Exception 5 to Section 150.1(c)14: For a dwelling unit plan that is approved by the planning department prior to January 1, 2020 with available solar ready zone between 80 and 200 square feet, the PV system size is limited to the lesser of the size that can be accommodated by the effective annual solar access or a size that is required by the Equation 150.1-C.
      Exception 6 to Section 150.1(c)14: PV system sizes from Equation 150.1-C may be reduced by 25 percent if installed in conjunction with a battery storage system. The battery storage system shall meet the qualification requirements specified in Joint Appendix JA12 and have a minimum capacity of 7.5 kWh.

      Note: Authority: Sections 25213, 25218, 25218.5, 25402, 25402.1, and 25605, Public Resources Code. Reference: Sections 25007, 25008, 25218.5, 25310, 25402, 25402.1, 25402.4, 25402.5, 25402.8, 25605, and 25943, Public Resources Code.

TABLE 150.1-A
COMPONENT PACKAGE—SINGLE-FAMILY STANDARD BUILDING DESIGN
SINGLE FAMILY CLIMATE ZONE
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Building Envelope Insulation
Building Envelope Roofs/Ceilings Option B
(meets §150.1(c)9A)
Below
Roof Deck
Insulation1,2
(With Air
Space)
NR NR NR R-19 NR NR NR R-19 R-19 R-19 R-19 R-19 R-19 R-19 R-19 R-19
Ceiling
Insulation
R-38 R-38 R-30 R-38 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38
Radiant
Barrier
NR REQ REQ NR REQ REQ REQ NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR
Option C
(meets §150.1(c)9B)
Ceiling
Insulation
R-38 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38
Radiant
Barrier
NR REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ NR
Walls Above Grade Framed 3 U
0.048
U
0.048
U
0.048
U
0.048
U
0.048
U
0.065
U
0.065
U
0.048
U
0.048
U
0.048
U
0.048
U
0.048
U
0.048
U
0.048
U
0.048
U
0.048
Mass Wall
Interior 4,5
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.059
R-17
Mass Wall
Exterior 4,5
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.077
R-13
Below Grade Below Grade
Interior 6
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.067
R-15
Below Grade
Exterior 8
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.100
R-10
U
0.100
R-10
U
0.053
R-19
Floors Slab
Perimeter
NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR U 0.58 R-7.0
Raised U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
Concrete
Raised
U
0.092
R-8.0
U
0.092
R-8.0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.092
R-8.0
U
0.138
R-4.0
U
0.092
R-8.0
U
0.092
R-8.0
U
0.138
R-4.0
U
0.092
R-8.0
Quality Insulation
Installation (QII)
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Roofing Products Low-sloped Aged Solar
Reflectance
NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 0.63 NR 0.63 NR
Thermal
Emittance
NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 0.75 NR 0.75 NR
Steep-sloped Aged Solar
Reflectance
NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 NR
Thermal
Emittance
NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 0. 75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 NR
Fenestration Maximum
U-factor
0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30
Maximum SHGC NR 0.23 NR 0.23 NR 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 NR
Maximum Total Area 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20%
Maximum West
Facing Area
NR 5% NR 5% NR 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% NR
Door Maximum U-factor 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20
HVAC SYSTEM Space Heating9 Electric-Resistance
allowed
No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
If gas, AFUE MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN
If Heat Pump, HSPF7 MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN
Space Cooling SEER MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN
Refrigerant Charge
Verification or Fault
Indicator Display
NR REQ NR NR NR NR NR REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ NR
Whole House Fan8 NR NR NR NR NR NR REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ 0.RE
Q
REQ NR NR
Central System
Air Handlers
Central Fan Integrated
Ventilation System Fan
Efficacy
REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ
Ducts10 Roof/Ceiling
Option B
Duct
Insulation
R-8 R-8 R-6 R-8 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-8 R-8 R-8 R-8 R-8 R-8 R-8 R8- R-8
§150.1(c)9A NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR
Roof/Ceiling
Option C
Duct
Insulation
R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6
§150.1(c)9B REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ
WATER HEATING All Buildings System Shall meet Section 150.1(c)8
  1. Install the specified R-value with an air space present between the roofing and the roof deck, such as standard installation of concrete or clay tile.
  2. R-values shown for below roof deck insulation are for wood-frame construction with insulation installed between the framing members. Alternatives including insulation above rafters or above roof deck shall comply with the performance standards.
  3. Assembly U-factors for exterior framed walls can be met with cavity insulation alone or with continuous insulation alone, or with both cavity and continuous insulation that results in an assembly U-factor equal to or less than the U-factor shown. Use Reference Joint Appendices JA4 Table 4.3.1, 4.3.1(a), or Table 4.3.4 to determine alternative insulation products to be less than or equal to the required maximum U-factor.
  4. Mass wall has a heat capacity greater than or equal to 7.0 Btu/h-ft2.
  5. "Interior" denotes insulation installed on the inside surface of the wall. "Exterior" denotes insulation installed on the exterior surface of the wall.
  6. Below grade "interior" denotes insulation installed on the inside surface of the wall; and

    Below grade "exterior" denotes insulation installed on the outside surface of the wall.

  7. HSPF means "heating seasonal performance factor."
  8. When whole-house fans are required (REQ), only those whole-house fans that are listed in the Appliance Efficiency Directory may be installed. Compliance requires installation of one or more WHFs whose total airflow CFM is capable of meeting or exceeding a minimum 1.5 cfm/square foot of conditioned floor area as specified by Section 150.1(c)12.
  9. A supplemental heating unit may be installed in a space served directly or indirectly by a primary heating system, provided that the unit thermal capacity does not exceed 2 kilowatts or 7,000 Btu/hr and is controlled by a time-limiting device not exceeding 30 minutes.
  10. For duct and air handler location: REQ denotes location in conditioned space. When the table indicates ducts and air handlers are in conditioned space, a HERS verification is required as specified by Reference Residential Appendix RA3.1.4.3.8.
TABLE 150.1-B
COMPONENT PACKAGE—MULTIFAMILY STANDARD BUILDING DESIGN
MULTIFAMILY CLIMATE ZONE
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Building Envelope Insulation
Building Envelope Insulation Roofs/Ceilings Option B
(meets §150.1(c)9A)
Below Roof
Deck
Insulation1,2
(With Air
Space)
NR NR NR R-19 NR NR NR R-19 R-19 R-13 R-19 R-19 R-19 R-19 R-19 R-13
Ceiling
Insulation
R-38 R-38 R-30 R-38 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38
Radiant
Barrier
NR REQ REQ NR REQ REQ REQ NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR
Option C
(meets 150.1(c)9B)
Ceiling
Insulation
R-38 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-30 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38 R-38
Radiant
Barrier
NR REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ NR
Walls Above Grade Framed 3 U
0.051
U
0.051
U
0.051
U
0.051
U
0.051
U
0.065
U
0.065
U
0.051
U
0.051
U
0.051
U
0.051
U
0.051
U
0.051
U
0.051
U
0.051
U
0.051
Mass Wall
Interior 4,5
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.059
R-17
Mass Wall
Exterior 5
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.125
R-8.0
U
0.077
R-13
Below Grade6 Below
Grade
Interior
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.077
R-13
U
0.067
R-15
Below
Grade
Exterior
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.200
R-5.0
U
0.100
R-10
U
0.100
R-10
U
0.053
R-19
Floors Slab
Perimeter
NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR U 0.58 R-7.0
Raised U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
U
0.037
R-19
Concrete
Raised
U
0.092
R-8.0
U
0.092
R-8.0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.269
R-0
U
0.092
R-8.0
U
0.138
R-4.0
U
0.092
R-8.0
U
0.092
R-8.0
U
0.138
R-4.0
U
0.092
R-8.0
Quality Insulation
Installation (QII)
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NR Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Building Envelope Roofing Products Low
sloped
Aged Solar NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 0.63 NR 0.63 NR
Thermal
Emittance
NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 0.75 NR 0.75 NR
Steep
sloped
Aged Solar
Reflectance
NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 NR
Thermal
Emittance
NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 0. 75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 NR
Fenestration Maximum
U-factor
0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30
Maximum SHGC NR 0.23 NR 0.23 NR 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 NR
Maximum Total
Area
20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20%
Maximum
West-facing Area
NR 5% NR 5% NR 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% NR
Door Maximum
U-factor
0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20
HVAC System Space Heating8 Electric-Resistance
Allowed
No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
If gas, AFUE MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN
If Heat Pump, HSPF 7 MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN
Space
cooling
SEER MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN MIN
Refrigerant Charge
Verification or Fault
Indicator Display
NR REQ NR NR NR NR NR REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ NR
Central
System Air
Handlers
Central Fan
Integrated Ventilation
System Fan Efficacy
REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ
Ducts9 Roof/
Ceiling
Duct Insulation R-8 R-8 R- 6 R-8 R- 6 R- 6 R- 6 R-8 R-8 R-8 R-8 R-8 R-8 R-8 R-8 R-8
§150.1(c)9A NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Roof/Ceiling
Option C
Duct Insulation R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R-6 R- 6 R-6 R-6 R- 6 R- 6 R- 6
§150.1(c)9B REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ REQ
Water
Heating
All Buildings System Shall meet Section 150.1(c)8
  1. Install the specified R-value with an air space present between the roofing and the roof deck. Such as standard installation of concrete or clay tile.
  2. R-values shown for below roof deck insulation are for wood-frame construction with insulation installed between the framing members. Alternatives including insulation above rafters or above roof deck shall comply with the performance standards.
  3. Assembly U-factors for exterior framed walls can be met with cavity insulation alone or with continuous insulation alone, or with both cavity and continuous insulation that results in an assembly U-factor equal to or less than the U-factor shown. Use Reference Joint Appendices JA4 Table 4.3.1, 4.3.1(a), or Table 4.3.4 to determine alternative insulation products to be less than or equal to the required maximum U-factor.
  4. Mass wall has a heat capacity greater than or equal to 7.0 Btu/h-ft2.
  5. "Interior" denotes insulation installed on the inside surface of the wall. "Exterior" denotes insulation installed on the exterior surface of the wall.
  6. "Below grade interior" denotes insulation installed on the inside surface of the wall; and

    "Below grade exterior" denotes insulation installed on the outside surface of the wall.

  7. HSPF means "heating seasonal performance factor."
  8. A supplemental heating unit may be installed in a space served directly or indirectly by a primary heating system, provided that the unit thermal capacity does not exceed 2 kilowatts or 7,000 Btu/hr and is controlled by a time-limiting device not exceeding 30 minutes.
  9. For duct and air handler location: REQ denotes location in conditioned space. When the table indicates ducts and air handlers are in conditioned space, a HERS verification is required as specified by Reference Residential Appendix RA3.1.4.3.8.
TABLE 150.1-C
CFA AND DWELLING ADJUSTMENT FACTORS
CLIMATE ZONE A — CFA B — DWELLING UNITS
1 0.793 1.27
2 0.621 1.22
3 0.628 1.12
4 0.586 1.21
5 0.585 1.06
6 0.594 1.23
7 0.572 1.15
8 0.586 1.37
9 0.613 1.36
10 0.627 1.41
11 0.836 1.44
12 0.613 1.40
13 0.894 1.51
14 0.741 1.26
15 1.56 1.47
16 0.59 1.22
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