Accredited Standards

Interest Categories

Foreword

Copyright

List of Figures

Chapter 1 Application and Administration

Chapter 2 Scoping

Chapter 3 Building Blocks

Chapter 4 Accessible Routes

Chapter 5 General Site and Building Elements

Chapter 6 Plumbing Elements and Facilities

Chapter 7 Communication Elements and Features

Chapter 8 Special Rooms and Spaces

Chapter 9 Built-In Furnishings and Equipment

Chapter 10 Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units

Special rooms and spaces required to be accessible by the scoping provisions adopted by the administrative authority shall comply with the applicable provisions of Chapter 8.
Wheelchair spaces and wheel chair space locations in assembly areas with spectator seating shall comply with Section 802.
The floor surface of wheelchair space locations shall have a slope not steeper than 1:48 and shall comply with Section 302.

A single wheelchair space shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum in width. Where two adjacent wheelchair spaces are provided, each wheelchair space shall be 33 inches (840 mm) minimum in width.

Fig. 802.3
Width of a Wheelchair Space in Assembly Areas

Where a wheelchair space location can be entered from the front or rear, the wheelchair space shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum in depth. Where a wheelchair space location can only be entered from the side, the wheelchair space shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in depth.

Fig. 802.4
Depth of a Wheelchair Space in Assembly Areas

The wheelchair space location shall adjoin an accessible route. The accessible route shall not overlap the wheelchair space location.
A wheelchair space location shall not overlap the required width of an aisle.
Wheelchair space locations shall be an integral part of any seating area.
A companion seat, complying with Section 802.7, shall be provided beside each wheelchair space.
The companion seat shall be comparable in size and quality to assure equivalent comfort to the seats within the seating area adjacent to the wheelchair space location. Companion seats shall be permitted to be moveable.
In row seating, the companion seat shall be located to provide shoulder alignment with the wheelchair space occupant. The shoulder of the wheelchair space occupant is considered to be 36 inches (915 mm) from the front of the wheelchair space. The floor surface for the companion seat shall be at the same elevation as the wheelchair space floor surface.
Designated aisle seats shall comply with Section 802.8.
Where armrests are provided on seating in the immediate area of designated aisle seats, folding or retractable armrests shall be provided on the aisle side of the designated aisle seat.
Each designated aisle seat shall be identified by a sign or marker.
Where spectators are expected to remain seated for purposes of viewing events, spectators in wheelchair space locations shall be provided with a line of sight in accordance with Section 802.9.1. Where spectators in front of the wheelchair space locations will be expected to stand at their seats for purposes of viewing events, spectators in wheelchair space locations shall be provided with a line of sight in accordance with Section 802.9.2.
Where spectators are expected to remain seated during events, spectators seated in wheelchair space locations shall be provided with lines of sight to the performance area or playing field comparable to that provided to spectators in closest proximity to the wheelchair space location. Where seating provides lines of sight over heads, spectators in wheelchair space locations shall be afforded lines of sight complying with Section 802.9.1.1. Where wheelchair space locations provide lines of sight over the shoulder and between heads, spectators in wheelchair space locations shall be afforded lines of sight complying with Section 802.9.1.2.

Spectators seated in wheelchair space locations shall be afforded lines of sight over the heads of seated individuals in the first row in front of the wheelchair space location.

Fig. 802.9.1.1
Lines of Sight over the Heads of Seated Spectators

Spectators seated in wheelchair space locations shall be afforded lines of sight over the shoulders and between the heads of seated individuals in the first row in front of the wheelchair space location.

Fig. 802.9.1.2
Lines of Sight between the Heads of Seated Spectators

Wheelchair space locations required to provide a line of sight over standing spectators shall comply with Section 802.9.2.

Fig. 802.9.2
Wheelchair Space Elevation

The front of the wheelchair space location shall be 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from the back of the chair or bench in front.

The elevation of the tread on which a wheelchair space location is located shall comply with Table 802.9.2.2. For riser heights other than those provided, interpolations shall be permitted.

Table 802.9.2.2
Required Wheelchair Space Location Elevation Over Standing Spectators

Riser height

Minimum height of the wheelchair space
location based on row spacing 1

Rows less than 33
inches (840 mm) 2

Rows 33 inches
(840 mm) to
44 inches (1120 mm) 2

Rows over
44 inches (1120 mm) 2

0 inch (0 mm)

16 inch (405 mm)

16 inch (405 mm)

16 inch (405 mm)

4 inch (102 mm)

22 inch (560 mm)

21 inch (535 mm)

21 inch (535 mm)

8 inch (205 mm)

31 inch (785 mm)

30 inch (760 mm)

28 inch (710 mm)

12 inch (305 mm)

40 inch (1015 mm)

37 inch (940 mm)

35 inch (890 mm)

16 inch (406 mm)

49 inch (1245 mm)

45 inch (1145 mm)

42 inch (1065 mm)

20 inch (510 mm) 3

58 inch (1475 mm)

53 inch (1345 mm)

49 inch (1245 mm)

24 inch (610 mm)

N/A

61 inch (1550 mm)

56 inch (1420 mm)

28 inch (710 mm) 4

N/A

69 inch (1750 mm)

63 inch (1600 mm)

32 inch (815 mm)

N/A

N/A

70 inch (1780 mm)

36 inch (915 mm) and higher

N/A

N/A

77 inch (1955 mm)

Footnotes to Table 802.9.2.2

1 The height of the wheelchair space location is the vertical distance from the tread of the row of seats directly in front of the wheelchair space location to the tread of the wheelchair space location.

2 The row spacing is the back–to–back horizontal distance between the rows of seats in front of the wheelchair space location. 3 Seating treads less than 33 inches (840 mm) in depth are not permitted with risers greater than 18 inches (455 mm) in height. 4 Seating treads less than 44 inches (1120 mm) in depth are not permitted with risers greater than 27 inches (685 mm) in height.

NOTE: Table 802.8.9 is based on providing a spectator in a wheelchair a line of sight over the head of a spectator two rows in front of the wheelchair space location using average anthropometrical data. The table is based on the following calculation: [(2X+34)(Y–2.25)/X]+(20.2–Y) where Y is the riser height of the rows in front of the wheelchair space location and X is the tread depth of the rows in front of the wheelchair space location. The calculation is based on the front of the wheelchair space location being located 12 inches (305 mm) from the back of the seating tread directly in front and the eye of the standing spectator being set back 8 inches (205 mm) from the riser.

Wheelchair spaces shall be dispersed to the minimum number of locations in accordance with Table 802.10. Wheelchair space locations shall be dispersed in accordance with Sections 802.10.1, 802.10.2 and 802.10.3. In addition, in spaces utilized primarily for viewing motion picture projection, wheelchair space locations shall be dispersed in accordance with Section 802.10.4. Once the required number of wheelchair space locations has been met, further dispersion is not required.

Table 802.10
Wheelchair Space Dispersion

Total seating in Assembly Areas

Minimum required number of wheelchair spaces

Up to 150

1

151 to 500

2

501 to 1000

3

1001 to 5,000

3, plus 1 additional space for each 1,000 seats or portions

thereof above 1,000

5,001 and over

7, plus 1 additional space for each 2,000 seats or portions

thereof above 5,000

Wheelchair space locations shall be dispersed horizontally to provide viewing options. Locations shall be separated by a minimum of 10 intervening seats. Two wheelchair spaces shall be permitted to be located side–by–side.

EXCEPTION: In venues where wheelchair space locations are provided on only one side or on two opposite sides of the performance area or playing field, horizontal dispersion is not required where the locations are within the 2nd or 3rd quartile of the total row length. The wheelchair space locations and companion seats shall be permitted to overlap into the 1 st and 4th quartile of the total row length if the 2nd and 3rd quartile of the row length does not provide the required length for the wheelchair space locations and companion seats. All intermediate aisles shall be included in determining the total row length.

Wheelchair space locations shall be dispersed at a variety of distances from the event to provide viewing options. Locations shall be separated by a minimum of five intervening rows.

EXCEPTIONS:

1. In bleachers, wheelchair space locations shall not be required to be provided in rows other than rows at points of entry to bleacher seating.

2. In spaces utilized for viewing motion picture projections, assembly spaces with 300 seats or less shall not be required to comply with Section 802.10.2.

3. In spaces other than those utilized for viewing motion picture projections, assembly spaces with 300 seats or less shall not be required to comply with Section 802.10.2 if the wheelchair space locations are within the front 50 percent of the total rows.

Where there are seating areas, each having distinct services or amenities, wheelchair space locations shall be provided within each seating area.
In spaces utilized primarily for viewing motion picture projections, wheelchair space locations shall comply with Section 802.10.4.
Where tiered seating is provided, wheelchair space locations shall be integrated into the tiered seating area.
Wheelchair space locations shall be located within the rear 70 percent of the seats provided.
Accessible dressing, fitting, and locker rooms shall comply with Section 803.
A turning space complying with Section 304 shall be provided within the room.
Doors shall not swing into the room unless a clear floor space complying with Section 305.3 is provided within the room, beyond the arc of the door swing.
A bench complying with Section 903 shall be provided within the room.
Accessible coat hooks provided within the room shall accommodate a forward reach or side reach complying with Section 308. Where provided, a shelf shall be 40 inches (1015 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the floor.
Accessible kitchens and kitchenettes shall comply with Section 804.

Where a pass–through kitchen is provided, clearances shall comply with Section 804.2.1. Where a U–shaped kitchen is provided, clearances shall comply with Section 804.2.2.

EXCEPTION: Spaces that do not provide a cooktop or conventional range shall not be required to comply with Section 804.2.

In pass –through kitchens where counters, appliances or cabinets are on two opposing sides, or where counters, appliances or cabinets are opposite a parallel wall, clearance between all opposing base cabinets, counter tops, appliances, or walls within kitchen work areas shall be 40 inches (1015 mm) minimum. Pass–through kitchens shall have two entries.

Fig. 804.2.1
Pass-through Kitchen Clearance

In kitchens enclosed on three contiguous sides, clearance between all opposing base cabinets, countertops, appliances, orwallswithin kitchen work areas shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum.

Fig. 804.2.2
U-Shaped Kitchen Clearance

Work surfaces shall comply with Section 902.

EXCEPTION: Spaces that do not provide a cooktop or conventional range shall not be required to provide an accessible work surface.

Sinks shall comply with Section 606.
At least 50 percent of shelf space in cabinets shall comply with Section 905.
Where provided, kitchen appliances shall comply with Section 804.6.
A clear floor space complying with Section 305 shall be provided at each kitchen appliance. Clear floor spaces are permitted to overlap.

All appliance controls shall comply with Section 309.

EXCEPTIONS:

1. Appliance doors and door latching devices shall not be required to comply with Section 309.4.

2. Bottom–hinged appliance doors, when in the open position, shall not be required to comply with Section 309.3.

A clear floor space, positioned adjacent to the dishwasher door, shall be provided. The dishwasher door in the open position shall not obstruct the clear floor space for the dishwasher or an adjacent sink.
A clear floor space, positioned for a parallel or forward approach to the space for a range or cooktop, shall be provided. Where the clear floor space is positioned for a forward approach, knee and toe clearance complying with Section 306 shall be provided. Where knee and toe space is provided, the underside of the range or cooktop shall be insulated or otherwise configured to prevent burns, abrasions, or electrical shock. The location of controls shall not require reaching across burners.
Ovens shall comply with Section 804.6.5.
Side–hinged door ovens shall have a work surface complying with Section 804.3 positioned adjacent to the latch side of the oven door.
Bottom–hinged door ovens shall have a work surface complying with Section 804.3 positioned adjacent to one side of the door.
Ovens shall have controls on front panels.
Combination refrigerators and freezers shall have at least 50 percent of the freezer compartment shelves, including the bottom of the freezer, 54 inches (1370 mm) maximum above the floor when the shelves are installed at the maximum heights possible in the compartment. A clear floor space, positioned for a parallel approach to the space dedicated to a refrigerator/freezer, shall be provided. The centerline of the clear floor space shall be offset 24 inches (610 mm) maximum from the centerline of the dedicated space.
Transportation facilities shall comply with Section 805.
Bus boarding and alighting areas shall comply with Section 805.2.
Bus stop boarding and alighting areas shall have a firm, stable surface.

Bus stop boarding and alighting areas shall have a 96 inches (2440 mm) minimum clear length, measured perpendicular to the curb or vehicle roadway edge, and a 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum clear width, measured parallel to the vehicle roadway.

Fig. 805.2.2
Size of Bus Boarding and Alighting Areas

The slope of the bus stop boarding and alighting area parallel to the vehicle roadway shall be the same as the roadway, to the maximum extent practicable. The slope of the bus stop boarding and alighting area perpendicular to the vehicle roadway shall be 1:48 maximum.
Bus stop boarding and alighting areas shall be connected to streets, sidewalks, or pedestrian paths by an accessible route complying with Section 402.

Bus shelters shall provide a minimum clear floor space complying with Section 305 entirely within the shelter. Bus shelters shall be connected by an accessible route complying with Section 402 to a boarding and alighting area complying with Section 805.2.

Fig. 805.3
Bus Shelters

Bus route identification signs shall have visual characters complying with Sections 703.2.2, 703.2.3, and 703.2.5 through 703.2.8. In addition, bus route identification numbers shall be visual characters complying with Section 703.2.4.

EXCEPTION: Bus schedules, timetables and maps that are posted at the bus stop or bus bay shall not be required to comply with Section 805.4.

Rail platforms shall comply with Section 805.5.

Rail platforms shall not exceed a slope of 1:48 in all directions.

EXCEPTION: Where platforms serve vehicles operating on existing track or track laid in existing roadway, the slope of the platform parallel to the track shall be permitted to be equal to the slope (grade) of the roadway or existing track.

Platform boarding edges not protected by platform screens or guards shall have a detectable warning complying with Section 705, 24 inches (610 mm) in width, along the full length of the public use area of the platform.

Rail station signs shall comply with Section 805.6.

EXCEPTION: Signs shall not be required to comply with Sections 805.6.1 and 805.6.2 where audible signs are remotely transmitted to hand–held receivers, or are user– or proximity–actuated.

Where signs identify a station or a station entrance, at least one sign with tactile characters complying with Section 703.3 shall be provided at each entrance.

Lists of stations, routes and destinations served by the station that are located on boarding areas, platforms, or mezzanines shall have visual characters complying with Section 703.2. A minimum of one tactile sign complying with Section 703.3 shall be provided on each platform or boarding area to identify the specific station.

EXCEPTION: Where sign space is limited, characters shall not be required to exceed 3 inches (76 mm) in height.

Stations covered by this section shall have identification signs with visual characters complying with Section 703.2. The signs shall be clearly visible and within the sight lines of a standing or sitting passenger from within the vehicle on both sides when not obstructed by another vehicle.
Where public address systems convey audible information to the public, the same or equivalent information shall be provided in a visual format.
Where clocks are provided for use by the public, the clock face shall be uncluttered so that its elements are clearly visible. Hands, numerals and digits shall contrast with the background either light–on–dark or dark–on–light. Where clocks are installed overhead, numerals and digits shall be visual characters complying with Section 703.2.

Where provided, escalators shall have a 32–inch (815 mm) minimum clear width, and shall comply with Requirements 6.1.3.5.6 – Step Demarcations, and 6.1.3.6.5 – Flat Steps of ASME A17.1 listed in Section 105.2.5.

EXCEPTION: Existing escalators shall not be required to comply with Section 805.9.

Where a circulation path serving boarding platforms crosses tracks, it shall comply with Section 402.

EXCEPTION: Openings for wheel flanges shall be permitted to be 2 1 /2 inch (64 mm) maximum.

Fig. 805.10
Track Crossings

Holding cells and housing cells shall comply with Section 806.
Cells required to have features for people using wheelchairs or other mobility aids shall comply with Section 806.2.
Turning space complying with Section 304 shall be provided within the cell.
Where benches are provided, at least one bench shall comply with Section 903.
Where beds are provided, clear floor space complying with Section 305 shall be provided on at least one side of the bed. The clear floor space shall be positioned for parallel approach to the side of the bed.
Toilet facilities or bathing facilities provided as part of a cell shall comply with Section 603.
Cells required to have communication features shall comply with Section 806.3.

Where audible emergency alarm systems are provided to serve the occupants of cells, visual alarms complying with Section 702 shall be provided.

EXCEPTION: In cells where inmates or detainees are not allowed independent means of egress, visual alarms shall not be required.

Where provided, telephones within cells shall have volume controls complying with Section 704.3.
Courtrooms shall comply with Section 807.
Where provided, each area that is raised or depressed and accessed by ramps or platform lifts with entry ramps shall provide an unobstructed turning space complying with Section 304.

Within the defined area of each jury box and witness stand, a clear floor space complying with Section 305 shall be provided.

EXCEPTION: In alterations, wheelchair spaces are not required to be located within the defined area of raised jury boxes or witness stands and shall be permitted to be located outside these spaces where ramps or platform lifts restrict or project into the means of egress required by the administrative authority.

Judges’benches, clerks’stations, bailiffs’stations, deputy clerks’ stations, court reporters’ stations and litigants’ and counsel stations shall comply with Section 902.
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