// CODE SNIPPET
1926.1431(k) Work Practices
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Hoisting of the personnel platform must be performed in a slow, controlled, cautious manner, with no sudden movements of the equipment or the platform.
Keep all parts of the body inside the platform during raising, lowering, and horizontal movement. This provision does not apply to an occupant of the platform when necessary to position the platform or while performing the duties of a signal person.
Not pull the platform out of plumb in relation to the hoisting equipment.
Not stand, sit on, or work from the top or intermediate rail or toeboard, or use any other means/device to raise their working height.
Before employees exit or enter a hoisted personnel platform that is not landed, the platform must be secured to the structure where the work is to be performed, unless the employer can demonstrate that securing to the structure would create a greater hazard.
If the platform is tied to the structure, the operator must not move the platform until the operator receives confirmation that it is freely suspended.
Tag lines must be used when necessary to control the platform.
Where the platform is not equipped with controls, the equipment operator must remain at the equipment controls, on site, and in view of the equipment, at all times while the platform is occupied.
Where the platform is equipped with controls, all of the following must be met at all times while the platform is occupied:
The occupant using the controls in the platform must be a qualified person with respect to their use, including the safe limitations of the equipment and hazards associated with its operation.
The platform operating manual must be in the platform or on the equipment.
The equipment operator must be at a set of equipment controls that include boom and swing functions of the equipment, and must be on site and in view of the equipment.
When wind speed (sustained or gusts) exceeds 20 mph at the personnel platform, a qualified person must determine if, in light of the wind conditions, it is not safe to lift personnel. If it is not, the lifting operation must not begin (or, if already in progress, must be terminated).
A qualified person must determine if, in light of indications of dangerous weather conditions, or other impending or existing danger, it is not safe to lift personnel. If it is not, the lifting operation must not begin (or, if already in progress, must be terminated).
Employees being hoisted must remain in direct communication with the signal person (where used), or the operator.
Except over water, employees occupying the personnel platform must be provided and use a personal fall arrest system. The system must be attached to a structural member within the personnel platform. When working over or near water, the requirements of § 1926.106 apply.
The fall arrest system, including the attachment point (anchorage) used to comply with paragraph (i) of this section, must meet the requirements in § 1926.502.
No lifts must be made on any other of the equipment's load lines while personnel are being hoisted, except in pile driving operations.
Factory-produced boom-mounted personnel platforms that incorporate a winch as original equipment. Loads are permitted to be hoisted by such a winch while employees occupy the personnel platform only where the load on the winch line does not exceed 500 pounds and does not exceed the rated capacity of the winch and platform.
Hoisting of employees while the equipment is traveling is prohibited, except for:
Equipment that travels on fixed rails; or
Where the employer demonstrates that there is no less hazardous way to perform the work.
This exception does not apply to rubber-tired equipment.
Where employees are hoisted while the equipment is traveling, all of the following criteria must be met:
Equipment travel must be restricted to a fixed track or runway.
Where a runway is used, it must be a firm, level surface designed, prepared and designated as a path of travel for the weight and configuration of the equipment being used to lift and travel with the personnel platform. An existing surface may be used as long as it meets these criteria.
The boom must be parallel to the direction of travel, except where it is safer to do otherwise.
A complete trial run must be performed to test the route of travel before employees are allowed to occupy the platform. This trial run can be performed at the same time as the trial lift required by paragraph (h) of this section which tests the lift route.
Derricks are prohibited from traveling while personnel are hoisted.
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