Water recreation attraction projects shall be designed and constructed within the limits of sound engineering practice. In addition to the requirements of this section, compliance is required with Sections 454.1.1
of this chapter depending upon the pool design and function. Additionally, all pools listed in this section shall have a 2-hour turnover rate unless otherwise noted.
Plunge pools shall be constructed of concrete
or other structurally rigid impervious materials with a nontoxic, smooth and slip-resistant finish. The plunge pool design shall meet the criteria of Sections 4188.8.131.52.1.1
The minimum plunge pool operating water depth at the slide flume terminus shall be 3 feet (914 mm). This depth shall be maintained for a minimum distance of 10 feet (3048 mm) in front of the slide terminus from which point the plunge pool floor may have a constant upward slope to allow a minimum water depth of 2 feet (51 mm) at the base of the steps. The floor slope shall not exceed 1 in 10. The plunge pool water depth shall be commensurate with safety and the ease of exit
from the plunge pool.
The plunge pool dimension between any slide flume exit
or terminus and the opposite side of the plunge pool shall be a minimum of 20 feet (6096 mm) excluding steps.
The slide flume terminus shall be designed by the design engineer
who can demonstrate to the jurisdictional building department's satisfaction that riders will be adequately slowed prior to discharge so as to prevent injury or harm to the rider upon impact with the plunge pool water. The slide terminus shall be flush with the pool wall
and located at or below the pool water level.
The minimum distance between any plunge pool side wall
and the outer edge of any slide terminus shall be 5 feet (1524 mm). The minimum distance between adjacent slide flumes shall be 6 feet (18 288 mm).
A minimum length of slide flume of 10 feet (3048 mm) shall be perpendicular to the plunge pool wall
at the exit
end of the flumes.
The plunge pool shall have a minimum of one main drain with separate piping and valve to the filtration system collector
tank. The velocity through the openings of the main drain grate shall not exceed 11
feet per second (457 mm/s) at the design flow rate of the recirculation pump. The main drain piping shall be sized to handle 100 percent of the design flow rate of the filtration system with a maximum flow velocity of 3 feet (914 mm) per second.
The plunge pool floor shall slope to the main drains and the slope shall not exceed 1 in 10.
The minimum width of plunge pool decks along the exit
side shall be 10 feet (3048 mm).
All plunge pool decks shall slope to the plunge pool or pump reservoir or to deck drains which discharge to waste, or other acceptable means. All slopes shall be between 2- and 4-percent grade
Run out lanes may be utilized in lieu of a plunge pool system, provided they are constructed to the slide manufacturers specifications and are approved by the design engineer
Five-foot-wide (1524 mm) walkways shall be provided adjacent to run out lanes.
Minimum water level indicator markings shall be provided on both sides of the run out trough to ensure adequate water for the safe slowing of pool patrons.
Water park personnel shall be provided at the top of the slides and at the run out.
Pump reservoirs shall be made of concrete
or other impervious material with a smooth slip-resistant finish. Pump reservoirs shall be for the slide pump intakes, but where properly sized may also be used as a collector
tank for the filter system. Pump reservoir designs shall meet the criteria of Sections 4184.108.40.206.3.1
The minimum reservoir volume shall be equal to 3 minutes of the combined flow rate in gallons per minute of all filter and slide pumps.
Pump reservoirs shall be accessible only to authorized individuals.
Access decks shall be provided for the reservoir such that all areas are accessible for vacuuming, skimming, and maintenance. The decks shall have a minimum width of 3 feet (914 mm) and shall have a minimum slope of 3:10 away from the reservoir.
The slide pump intakes shall be located in the pump reservoir and shall be designed to allow cleaning without danger of operator entrapment.
The pump reservoir shall have a minimum of one main drain with separate piping and valve to the filtration system collector
tank and the velocity through the openings of the main drain grates shall not exceed 11
feet per second (457 mm/s) at the design flow rate of the filtration system pump. The main drain piping shall be sized to handle 100 percent of design flow rate of the filtration system pump with a maximum flow velocity of 3 feet per second (914 mm/s).
The pump reservoir shall be fed by main drains within the plunge pool itself (either in the floor or side wall
). They shall have the maximum flow velocity of 11
feet per second (457 mm/s) through the main drain grating and 3 feet per second (3962 mm/s) through the reservoir piping.
Slide pumps shall have check valves on all discharge lines.
Plunge pools and pump reservoirs shall have perimeter overflow gutter system or skimmer which shall be an integral part of the filtration system.
Perimeter overflow gutter systems shall meet the requirements of Section 4220.127.116.11.3.1
except that gutters are not required directly under slide flumes or along the weirs which separate plunge pools and pump reservoirs.
Surface skimmers may be used in lieu of perimeter overflow gutters and shall be appropriately spaced and located according to the structural design. Unless an overflow gutter system is used, surface skimmers shall be provided in the plunge pool and in the pump reservoir and the skimmer system shall be designed to carry 60 percent of the filtration system design flow rate with each skimmer carrying a minimum 30 gpm (2 L/s). All surface skimmers shall meet the requirements for NSF commercial approval as set forth in NSF/ANSI Standard 50, Circulation System Components and Related Materials for Swimming Pools
, Spas/Hot Tubs, which is incorporated by reference in these rules, including an equalizer valve in the skimmer and an equalizer line to the pool wall
on systems with direct connection to pump suction.
The recirculation-filtration system of water slides shall recirculate and filter a water volume equal to the total water volume of the facility
in a period of 2 hours or less.
Minimum filter area requirements shall be twice the filter areas specified for the recirculation rates stipulated in Section 418.104.22.168.5.1
. The filtration system shall be capable of returning the pool water turbidity to 5
NTU within 8 hours or less after peak bather load.
Any filtration system pump which takes suction directly from the plunge pool and reservoir shall have a minimum 8-inch (208 mm) diameter hair and lint strainer on the suction side of the pump.
The disinfection equipment shall be capable of feeding 12 mg/L of halogen to the continuous recirculation flow of the filtration system.
Slide design and construction is the responsibility of a professional engineer
licensed in Florida and the applicant.
A lockable gate shall be provided at the stair
or ladder entrance to the slide.
Upon construction completion, a professional engineer
licensed in Florida shall certify that the slide was constructed in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications and is structurally sound.
Water activity pools shall be designed and constructed within the limits of sound engineering practice.
Water activity pools shall be constructed of concrete
or other structurally rigid impervious materials with a nontoxic, smooth and slip-resistant finish. These pools shall be of such shape and design as to be operated and maintained in a safe and sanitary manner.
The recirculation-filtration system of water activity pools shall achieve a minimum of one turnover every 2 hours for water activity pools over 2 feet (610 mm) deep, and 1 hour for these pools that are 2 feet (610 mm) deep or less.
Those portions of the activity pool where the water depth will not allow for the proper installation of underwater lighting shall be provided with 6 footcandles (60 lux) of lighting on the deck and water surface.
Play features with an overhead clearance of less than 4 feet (1219 mm) shall be blocked or barricaded to preclude children becoming entrapped.
In addition to the requirements of Section 422.214.171.124.5, all water activity pool signs installed shall have the following added in one inch letters:
"Do not swallow the pool water, it is recirculated."
"Do not use pool if you are ill with diarrhea."
Wave pools shall be designed and constructed within the limits of sound engineering practice.
Wave pools shall be constructed of concrete
or other impervious materials with a smooth slip-resistant finish. These pools shall be of such shape and design as to be operated and maintained in a safe and sanitary manner.
The recirculation-filtration system of wave pools shall be capable of a minimum of one turnover every 3 hours.
Floors shall be sloped in accordance with the manufacturer's or design engineer
's specifications; however, they shall not exceed the slope limits of Section 4126.96.36.199.3
River rides shall be constructed within the limits of sound engineering practice.
River rides shall be constructed on concrete
or other impervious materials with a nontoxic, smooth and slip-resistant finish. These rides shall be of such shape and design as to be operated in a safe and sanitary manner.
The recirculation-filtration system of the river ride shall be capable of a minimum of one turnover every 3 hours.
The maximum water depth of the river ride shall not exceed 3 feet (914 mm) unless justified to the jurisdictional building department's satisfaction by the design engineer
Decking shall be provided at the entrance and exit
points as necessary to provide safe patron access but shall not be smaller than 10 feet (3048 mm) in width and length. Additional decking along the ride course is not required except that decking shall be required at lifeguard locations and emergency exit
Access and exit shall be provided at the start and end of the ride and additional exit locations shall be located along the ride course as necessary to provide for the safety of the patrons.
Propulsion jets shall be installed in the walls of the river ride. In the alternative, propulsion jets may be installed in the floor if they are covered by a grate that will inhibit entrapment or injury of the pool patrons' feet or limbs.
Zero depth entry pools shall have a continuous floor slope from the water edge to the deep end.
The deck level perimeter overflow system with grate shall be provided at the water's edge across the entire zero depth portion of the pool.
The pool deck may slope toward the pool for no more than 7 feet (2133 mm), as measured from the overflow system grate outward. Beyond this area the deck shall slope away from the pool in accordance with Section 4188.8.131.52.3
"No Entry, Shallow Water" signs shall be provided along the pool wall
edge where the water depth is less than 3 feet (914 mm) deep. No entry signs shall be slip-resistant, shall have 4-inchhigh (102 mm) letters, shall be located within 2 feet (610 mm) of the pool edge and shall be spaced no more than 15 feet (4572 mm) apart.
Additional inlets shall be provided in areas of less than 18 inches (457 mm) deep. The numbers and location shall be such as to double the flow rate into this area.
The recirculation-filtration system shall be of a minimum of one turnover every 2 hours in the area of the pool that is 3 feet (914 mm) deep or less. In the remainder of the pool where the depth is greater than 3 feet (914 mm), the system shall have a maximum 6 hour turnover rate. The design plans
submitted by the applicant shall provide the volume of water in the pool area of 3 feet (914 mm) depth and less, the volume of water in the pool area greater than 3 feet (914 mm) in depth and the total volume in the pool for determination of minimum circulation flow. The volume calculations shall provide verification that the correct volume of water is used to determine the minimum flow at the 2-hour and the 6-hour flow requirements.
Those portions of the zero depth entry pool, where the water depth will not allow for the proper installation of underwater lighting, shall be provided with 6 footcandles (60 lux) of lighting on the deck and the water.