// CODE SNIPPET
308.3 Use of Open Flames
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Flammable or combustible liquids used in the preparation of flaming foods or beverages shall be dispensed from one of the following:
The serving of flaming foods or beverages shall be done in a safe manner and shall not create flames higher than 6 inches (152.4 mm). The pouring, ladling or spooning of liquids is restricted to a maximum height of 8 inches (203 mm) above the receiving receptacle.
The flaming food or beverage shall be ignited on serving tables. Such tables shall have noncombustible tops or, if the top is combustible, it shall be protected by a noncombustible mat. The mat, when used, shall cover the entire top of the table. Flames shall be extinguished before serving the food or beverage.
Flaming foods or beverages shall be prepared only in the immediate vicinity of the table being served. Flaming foods and beverages shall not be transported or carried while burning.
The person preparing the flaming foods or beverages shall have a wet cloth towel immediately available for use in smothering the flames in the event of an emergency and, in addition to portable fire extinguishers required by FC906, carbon dioxide type extinguishers with at least a 5-B rating shall be kept within 25 feet (7620 mm) of the area in which flaming foods and beverages are ignited and at the doorway between the kitchen and the dining area.
Open-flame decorative devices, including wall-mounted candles, torch sconces, insect-repellant candles in glass jars or metal cans, tabletop candles and oil lamps, free standing torch holders and candelabras, shall comply with the following requirements:
- Class I and Class II liquids and LPG shall not be used.
- Liquid- or solid-fueled lighting devices containing more than 8 ounces (237 ml) of fuel must self-extinguish and not leak fuel at a rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute (1.26 ml per minute) if tipped over.
- The device or holder shall be constructed to prevent the spillage of liquid fuel or wax at the rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute (1.26 ml per minute) when the device or holder is not in an upright position.
- The device or holder shall be designed so that it will return to the upright position after being tilted to an angle of 45 degrees from vertical.
Exception: Devices that self-extinguish if tipped over and do not spill fuel or wax at the rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute (1.26 ml per minute) if tipped over.
- The flame shall be enclosed except where openings on the side are not more than 0.375 inch (9.5 mm) diameter or where openings are on the top and the distance to the top is such that a piece of tissue paper placed on the top will not ignite in 10 seconds.
- Enclosures shall be made of noncombustible materials and securely attached to the open-flame device.
Exception: An enclosure is not required to be attached to any open-flame device that will self-extinguish if the device is tipped over.
- Fuel canisters shall be safely sealed for storage.
- Storage and handling of combustible liquids shall be in accordance with FC Chapter 34.
- Shades, where used, shall be made of noncombustible materials and securely attached to the open-flame device holder or enclosure.
- Candelabras with flame-lighted candles shall be securely fastened in place to prevent overturning, and shall be located away from occupants using the area and away from possible contact with drapes, curtains or other combustibles.
- Open-flame decorative devices in Group A occupancies and other buildings, structures and premises used for a public gathering shall additionally comply with the requirements of applicable rules promulgated by the commissioner designed to ensure the safe use of such devices.
Lighted candles shall be prohibited in areas where occupants stand, or in an aisle or exit.
It shall be unlawful to light, maintain or use an open flame in a Group A occupancy or other building or structure used for a public gathering.
Open flames may be used in the following locations and circumstances, provided that precautions are taken to prevent ignition of combustible material and otherwise ensure the safety of occupants, in accordance with this code, the rules and the permit:
- Where necessary for ceremonial or religious purposes.
- On stages and platforms as a necessary part of a performance in accordance with FC308.3.6.
- Where candles on tables are securely supported on substantial noncombustible bases and the candle flames are protected in accordance with FC308.3.2(5).
- The preparation of flaming foods or beverages in accordance with FC308.3.1.
- Open-flame devices using LPG for demonstrations in exhibitions or trade shows.
- Open-flame devices for food warming and browning.
- Open-flame decorative devices in accordance with FC308.3.2.
- Nonportable heat-producing equipment installed in compliance with the requirements of FC Chapter 6 and the Mechanical Code.
- Natural gas light fixtures installed in compliance with the requirements of the Building Code and the Plumbing Code, and approved precautions are taken to prevent ignition of combustible materials.