// CODE SNIPPET
Section 2403 Temporary Tents, Canopies and Membrane Structures
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Tents and membrane structures having an area in excess of 200 square feet (19 m2) and canopies in excess of 400 square feet (37 m2) shall not be erected, operated or maintained for any purpose without first obtaining a permit, when required by Section 109, and approval from the code enforcement official.
- Tents used exclusively for recreational camping purposes.
- Fabric canopies open on all sides which comply with all of the following:
- Individual canopies having a maximum size of 700 square feet (65 m2).
- The aggregate area of multiple canopies placed side by side without a fire break clearance of 12 feet (3658 mm), not exceeding 700 square feet (65 m2) total.
- A minimum clearance of 12 feet (3658 mm) to all structures and other tents.
For the purposes of this chapter, a place of assembly shall include a circus, carnival, tent show, theater, skating rink, dance hall or other place of assembly in or under which persons gather for any purpose.
A detailed site and floor plan for tents, canopies or membrane structures with an occupant load of 50 or more shall be provided with each application for approval. The tent, canopy or membrane structure floor plan shall indicate details of the means of egress facilities, seating capacity, arrangement of the seating and location and type of heating and electrical equipment.
The entire tent, air-supported, air-inflated or tensioned membrane structure system shall be inspected at regular intervals, but not less than two times per permit use period, when such permit is required by Section 109, by the permittee, owner or agent to determine that the installation is maintained in accordance with this chapter.
Exception: Permit use periods of less than 30 days.
When required by the code enforcement official, an inspection report shall be provided and shall consist of maintenance, anchors and fabric inspections.
Tents, canopies or membrane structures shall not be located within 20 feet (6096 mm) of lot lines, buildings, other tents, canopies or membrane structures, parked vehicles or internal combustion engines. For the purpose of determining required distances, support ropes and guy wires shall be considered as part of the temporary membrane structure, tent or canopy.
- Separation distance between membrane structures, tents and canopies not used for cooking, is not required when the aggregate floor area does not exceed 15,000 square feet (1394 m2).
- Membrane structures, tents or canopies need not be separated from buildings when all of the following conditions are met:
- The aggregate floor area of the membrane structure, tent or canopy shall not exceed 10,000 square feet (929 m2).
- The aggregate floor area of the building and membrane structure, tent or canopy shall not exceed the allowable floor area including increases as indicated in the Building Code of New York State.
- Required means of egress provisions are provided for both the building and the membrane structure, tent or canopy, including travel distances.
- Fire apparatus access roads are provided in accordance with Section 503.
During high winds exceeding 50 miles per hour (22 m/s) or in snow conditions, the use of doors in air-supported structures shall be controlled to avoid excessive air loss. Doors shall not be left open.
An air-supported structure used as a place of assembly shall be furnished with not less than two blowers, each of which has adequate capacity to maintain full inflation pressure with normal leakage. The design of the blower shall be so as to provide integral limiting pressure at the design pressure specified by the manufacturer.
Tents, canopies or membrane structures or a usable portion thereof shall have at least one exit and not less than the number of exits required by Table 2403.12.2. The total width of means of egress in inches (mm) shall not be less than the total occupant load served by a means of egress multiplied by 0.2 inches (5 mm) per person.
For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.
|OCCUPANT LOAD||MINIMUM NUMBER OF MEANS OF EGRESS||MINIMUM WIDTH OF EACH MEANS OF EGRESS (inches)|| MINIMUM WIDTH |
OF EACH MEANS OF EGRESS (inches)
|Tent or Canopy||Membrane Structure|
|10 to 199||2||72||36|
|200 to 499||3||72||72|
|500 to 999||4||96||72|
|1,000 to 1,999||5||120||96|
|2,000 to 2,999||6||120||96|
Exit openings from tents shall remain open unless covered by a flame-resistant curtain. The curtain shall comply with the following requirements:
- Curtains shall be free sliding on a metal support. The support shall be a minimum of 80 inches (2032 mm) above the floor level at the exit. The curtains shall be so arranged that, when open, no part of the curtain obstructs the exit.
- Curtains shall be of a color, or colors, that contrasts with the color of the tent.
The width of aisles without fixed seating shall be in accordance with the following:
- In areas serving employees only, the minimum aisle width shall be 24 inches (610 mm) but not less than the width required by the number of employees served.
- In public areas, smooth-surfaced, unobstructed aisles having a minimum width of not less than 44 inches (1118 mm) shall be provided from seating areas, and aisles shall be progressively increased in width to provide, at all points, not less than 1 foot (305 mm) of aisle width for each 50 persons served by such aisle at that point.
Exit signs shall be of an approved self-luminous type or shall be internally or externally illuminated by luminaires supplied in the following manner:
- Two separate circuits, one of which shall be separate from all other circuits, for occupant loads of 300 or less; or
- Two separate sources of power, one of which shall be an approved emergency system, shall be provided when the occupant load exceeds 300. Emergency systems shall be supplied from storage batteries or from the on-site generator set, and the system shall be installed in accordance with Chapter 27 of the Building Code of New York State.