Structural ramps that are used solely by employees as a means of access or egress from excavations shall be designed by a competent person. Structural ramps used for access or egress of equipment shall be designed by a competent person qualified in structural design, and shall be constructed in accordance with the design.
Structural members used for ramps and runways shall be of uniform thickness.
Cleats or other appropriate means used to connect runway structural members shall be attached to the bottom of the runway or shall be attached in a manner to prevent tripping.
Structural ramps used in lieu of steps shall be provided with cleats or other surface treatments on the top surface to prevent slipping.
Ramps and runways constructed of two or more structural members shall have the structural members connected together to prevent displacement.