Storage tanks shall be installed above or below grade. Above-grade storage tanks shall be protected from direct sunlight and shall be constructed using opaque, UV-resistant materials such as, but not limited to, heavily tinted plastic, fiberglass, lined metal, concrete, wood, or painted to prevent algae growth, or shall have specially constructed sun barriers including, but not limited to, installation in garages, crawlspaces, or sheds. Storage tanks and their manholes shall not be located directly under any soil or waste piping or any source of contamination. Gray water storage tanks shall be located with a minimum horizontal distance between various elements as indicated in Table 708.12.6.2. Storage tanks containing untreated gray water shall be located a minimum horizontal distance of 5 feet (1524 mm) from buildings, in addition to the requirements in Table 708.12.6.2.
|ELEMENT||MINIMUM HORIZONTAL |
STORAGE TANK (feet)
|Critical root zone (CRZ) |
of protected trees
|Lot line adjoining private lots||5|
|Streams, lakes, wetlands and |
other bodies of water
|Public water main||10|
For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
Where collected onsite, water shall be collected in an approved tank constructed of durable, nonabsorbent and corrosion-resistant materials. The storage tank shall be constructed of materials compatible with any disinfection systems used to treat water upstream of the tank and with any systems used to maintain water quality within the tank.
Wooden storage tanks that are not equipped with a makeup water source shall be provided with a flexible liner.
Where an uninterrupted supply of makeup water is required for the intended application, potable or municipally supplied reclaimed/recycled water shall be provided as a source of makeup water for the storage tank. The potable, reclaimed or recycled water supply shall be protected against backflow by means of an air gap not less than 4 inches (102 mm) above the overflow or an approved backflow device in accordance with the International Plumbing Code. There shall be a full-open valve located on the makeup water supply line to the storage tank. Inlets to storage tank shall be controlled by fill valves or other automatic supply valves installed so as to prevent the tank from overflowing and to prevent the water level from dropping below a predetermined point. Where makeup water is provided, the water level shall not be permitted to drop below the gray water inlet or the intake of any attached pump.
The storage tank shall be equipped with an overflow pipe having the same or larger area as the sum of the areas of all reservoir inlet pipes. The overflow pipe shall be trapped and shall be indirectly connected to the sanitary drainage system. The overflow drain shall not be equipped with a shutoff valve. A minimum of one cleanout shall be provided on each overflow pipe in accordance with Section 708 of the International Plumbing Code.
A minimum of one access opening shall be provided to allow inspection and cleaning of the tank interior. Access openings shall have an approved locking device or other approved method of securing access. Below-grade storage tanks, located outside of the building, shall be provided with either a manhole not less than 24 inches (610 mm) square or a manhole with an inside diameter not less than 24 inches (610 mm) and extending not less than 4 inches (102 mm) above ground. Finished grade shall be sloped away from the manhole to divert surface water from the manhole. Each manhole cover shall have a locking device. Service ports in manhole covers shall be not less than 8 inches (203 mm) in diameter and shall be not less than 4 inches (102 mm) above the finished grade level. The service port shall have a locking cover or a brass cleanout plug.
Exception: Storage tanks under 800 gallons (3024 L) in volume installed below grade shall not be required to be equipped with a manhole, but shall have a service port not less than 8 inches (203 mm) in diameter.
The tank shall be provided with a vent sized in accordance with the International Plumbing Code and based on the diameter of the tank influent pipe. The reservoir vent shall not be connected to sanitary drainage vent system.
Outlets shall be located not less than 4 inches (102 mm) above the bottom of the storage tank, and shall not skim water from the surface.
A drain shall be located at the lowest point of the storage tank and shall be indirectly connected to the sanitary drainage system. The total area of all drains shall not be smaller than the total area of all overflow pipes. Not less than one cleanout shall be provided on each drain pipe in accordance with Section 708 of the International Plumbing Code.
Each storage tank shall be marked with its rated capacity and the location of the upstream bypass valve. The contents of storage tanks shall be identified with the words "CAUTION: NONPOTABLE WATER — DO NOT DRINK." Where an opening is provided that could allow the entry of personnel, the opening shall be marked with the words, "DANGER — CONFINED SPACE." Markings shall be indelibly printed on a tag or sign constructed of corrosion-resistant waterproof material mounted on the tank or shall be indelibly printed on the tank. The letters of the words shall be not less than 0.5 inches (13 mm) in height and shall be of a color in contrast with the background on which they are applied.