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609.1 General
This section provides requirements for appliances and equipment installed in the building or on the building site. Permanent appliances and equipment shall comply with the provisions of Section 609.2, and portable appliances and equipment shall comply with the provisions of Section 609.3.
Exception: Section 609 does not apply to appliances and equipment in compliance with Sections 605 through 608 and those specified in Table 609.1.

TABLE 609.1
APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT COVERED BY FEDERAL
EFFICIENCY STANDARDS
RESIDENTIAL PRODUCTS   COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS
Battery chargersa   Automatic ice makers
Ceiling fans and ceiling fanlight   Commercial clothes washers
kits   Distribution transformers
Clothes dryers   Electric motorsa
Clothes washers   HD lampsa
Dehumidifiers   Metal halide lamp fixtures
Dishwashers   Refrigerated beverage vending
Fluorescent and incandescent   machinesa
lamps   Walk-in coolers and walk-in
Fluorescent lamp ballastsa   freezers
Microwave ovensa    
Ranges and ovens    
Refrigerators, refrigerator-
freezers, and freezers
   
Room air conditioners    
Torchieres    
  1. These products currently have no federal standards. NOTE: U.S. Department of Energy rulemakings are underway or scheduled.
609.2 Permanent Appliances and Equipment
Appliances and equipment that are permanently connected to the building energy supply systems shall comply with the provisions of Sections 609.2.1 through 609.2.4 as applicable. Such appliances and equipment shall be listed and labeled and installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions and the provisions and terms of their listing, the International Energy Conservation Code, International Fuel Gas Code, International Mechanical Code, International Plumbing Code and International Building Code, and shall be provided with controls and energy monitoring systems as required by this code.
609.2.1 Elevators
Elevator systems shall comply with Sections 609.2.1.1 through 609.2.1.2.3.
609.2.1.1 Lighting
The total lighting in each elevator cab shall be not less than 35 lumens per watt, based on the total lumens from lamps divided by the total wattage of the luminaires in the cab, but not including luminaires of signals and displays.
609.2.1.2 Power Conversion System
Power conversion systems for traction elevators shall comply with Sections 609.2.1.2.1 through 609.2.1.2.3.
609.2.1.2.1 Motor
Induction motors with a Class IE2 efficiency rating, as defined by IEC EN 60034-30, or alternative technologies, such as permanent magnet synchronous motors that have equal or better efficiency, shall be used.
609.2.1.2.2 Transmission
Transmissions shall not reduce the efficiency of the combined motor/transmission below that shown for the Class IE2 motor. Gearless machines shall be assumed to have a 100-percent transmission efficiency.
609.2.1.2.3 Drive
Potential energy released during motion shall be recovered.
609.2.1.3 Ventilation
Cab ventilation fans shall have an efficacy greater than or equal to 3.0 cfm per watt (0.085 m3/min./watt).
609.2.1.4 Standby Mode
When the elevator is stopped, not occupied, and with doors closed, lighting, ventilation, and cab displays shall be capable of being de-energized within 5 minutes of stopping, and re-energized prior to opening the doors. Power shall cease to be applied to the door motor after the elevator is stopped, lighting is de-energized, and no one is in the cab, and re-energized upon the next passenger arrival. In buildings with multiple elevators serving the same floors, not less than half of the elevators shall be capable of switching to sleep, low-power mode, during periods of low traffic.
609.2.1.5 Guides
Elevator car guides shall be of the roller type, in order to reduce frictional energy losses. Counterweights with sliding guides shall be balanced in order to minimize frictional losses associated with the counterweight guides.
609.2.2 Escalators and Moving Walkways
Escalators and moving walkways shall comply with Sections 609.2.2.1 through 609.2.2.5.
609.2.2.1 Lighting
Light sources, including, but not limited to, balustrade lighting, comb-plate lighting and step demarcation lighting, shall have an efficacy of not less than 35 lm/W, based on the total lumens from lamps divided by the total wattage of the luminaires provided on the escalator or moving walk.
609.2.2.2 Drive System
Induction motors with a class IE3 efficiency rating, as defined by IEC EN 60034-30, or permanent magnet synchronous motors shall be used.
609.2.2.3 Energy Recovery
Down-running escalators equipped with direct variable frequency drives shall use regenerative drives and return recovered energy to the building electrical power system.
609.2.2.4 Handrails
Handrails shall use friction-reducing measures, such as, but not limited to, rollers in newels.
609.2.2.5 Standby Mode
During standby mode, escalators and moving walkways shall be capable of being automatically slowed to not greater than 50 percent of nominal speed. Escalators and moving walkways shall be capable of being automatically turned off when the building is unoccupied or outside of facility operations. In locations where multiple escalators serve the same passenger load, not less than 50 percent of the escalators shall have the capability of being turned off in response to reduced occupant traffic.
609.2.3 Commercial Food Service Equipment
Not less than 50 percent of the commercial food service equipment installed shall comply with energy efficiency and water use as identified on Table 609.2.3, based on aggregate energy input rating.

TABLE 609.2.3
COMMERCIAL FOOD SERVICE EQUIPMENT—ENERGY-EFFICIENCY AND WATER USE REQUIREMENTS
APPLIANCE TYPE ENERGY-EFFICIENCY REQUIREMENTS MAXIMUM WATER USE
Combination Oven/Steamer
Electrica N/A 3.5 gal/hr/pan
Gasa N/A 3.5 gal/hr/pan
Dishwashers
Door type, high tempb idle rate ≤ 0.7 kW 0.95 gal/ rack
Door type, low tempb idle rate ≤ 0.6 kW 1.18 gal/ rack
Multiple tank conveyor, high tempc idle rate ≤ 2.0 kW 0.54 gal/ rack
Multiple tank conveyor, low tempc idle rate ≤ 2.0 kW 0.54 gal/ rack
Pot pan and utensild N/A 2.2 gal/ rack
Rackless conveyord N/A 2.2 gallons/minute
Single tank conveyor, high tempc idle rate ≤ 1.5 kW 0.7 gal/ rack
Single tank conveyor, low tempc idle rate ≤ 1.5 kW 0.79 gal/ rack
Under counter, high tempb idle rate ≤ 0.5 kW 1.0 gal/ rack
Under counter, low tempb idle rate ≤ 0.5 kW 1.7 gal/ rack
Freezers
Cheste daily energy ≤ 0.270V + 0.130 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, solid door, 0 ≤ V < 15 ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.250V + 1.250 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, solid door, 15 ≤ V < 30 ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.4V — 1.000 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, solid door, 30 ≤ V < 50 ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.163V + 6.125 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, solid door, 50 ≤ V ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.158V + 6.333 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, transparent door, 0 ≤ V < 15 ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.607V + 0.893 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, transparent door, 15 ≤ V < 30 ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.733V — 1.000 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, transparent door, 30 ≤ V < 50 ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.250V + 13.50 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, transparent door, 50 ≤ V ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.450V + 3.50 kWh/day N/A
Fryers
Deep fat, electricf efficiency ≥ 50% and idle rate ≤ 9000 Btu/h N/A
Deep fat, gasf efficiency ≥ 80% and idle rate ≤ 1.0 kW N/A
Large vat, electricg efficiency ≥ 80% and idle rate ≤ 1.1 kW N/A
Large vat, gasg efficiency ≥ 50% and idle rate ≤ 12000 Btu/h N/A
Griddles
Double-sided, electrich efficiency ≥ 70% and idle rate ≤ 355 W/sq. ft. N/A
Double-sided, gash efficiency ≥ 38% and idle rate ≤ 2650 Btu/h/sq. ft. N/A
Single-sided, electrici efficiency ≥ 70% and idle rate ≤ 355 W/sq. ft. N/A
Single-sided, gasi efficiency ≥ 38% and idle rate ≤ 2650 Btu/h/sq. ft. N/A
Hot Food Holding Cabinets
13 ≤ V ≥ 28 ft3 j Idle Rate ≤ 2V + 254 Watts N/A
V < 13 ft3 j Idle Rate ≤ 21.5V Watts N/A
V > 28 ft3 j Idle Rate ≤ 3.8V + 203.5 Watts N/A
Ice Machines
Ice making head, H > 450 lb/dayk energy ≤ 6.20 — 0.0010H kWh/100 lb ice 25 gal/100 lb ice
Ice making head, H < 450 lb/dayk energy ≤ 9.23 — 0.0077H kWh/100 lb ice 25 gal/100 lb ice
Remote condensing unit w/o remote compressor,
H < 1000 lb/dayk
energy ≤ 8.05 — 0.0035H kWh/100 lb ice 25 gal/100 lb ice
Remote condensing unit w/o remote compressor,
H > 1000 lb/dayk
energy ≤ 4.64 kWh/100 lb ice 25 gal/100 lb ice
Remote condensing unit with remote compressor,
H < 934 lb/dayk
energy ≤ 8.05 — 0.0035H kWh/100 lb ice 25 gal/100 lb ice
Remote condensing unit with remote compressor,
H > 934 lb/dayk
energy ≤ 4.82 kWh/100 lb ice 25 gal/100 lb ice
Self-contained unit, H < 175 lb/dayk energy ≤ 16.7 — 0.0436H kWh/100 lb ice 35 gal/100 lb ice
Self-contained unit, H > 175 lb/dayk energy ≤ 9.11 kWh/100 lb ice 35 gal/100 lb ice
Convection Ovens
Full-size electricl efficiency ≥ 70% and idle rate ≤ 1.6 kW 0.25 gals/hr
Full-size gasl efficiency ≥ 44% and idle rate ≤ 13000 Btu/h 0.25 gals/hr
Half-size electricl efficiency ≥ 70% and idle rate ≤ 1.0 kW 0.25 gals/hr
Refrigerators
Cheste daily energy ≤ 0.125V + 0.475 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, solid door, 0 ≤ V < 15 ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.089V + 1.411 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, solid door, 15 ≤ V < 30 ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.037V + 2.200 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, solid door, 30 ≤ V < 50 ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.056V + 1.635 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, solid door, 50 ≤ V ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.06V + 1.416 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, transparent door, 0 ≤ V < 15 ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.118V + 1.382 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, transparent door, 15 ≤ V < 30 ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.140V + 1.050 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, transparent door, 30 ≤ V < 50 ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.088V + 2.625 kWh/day N/A
Reach-in, transparent door, 50 ≤ V ft3 e daily energy ≤ 0.110V + 1.500 kWh/day N/A
Steam Cookers
With drain connection, electricm N/A 5 gal/hour/pan
With drain connection, gasm N/A 5 gal/hour/pan
No drain connection, electricm efficiency ≥ 50% and idle rate ≤ 135W/pan 2 gal/hour/pan
No drain connection, gasm efficiency ≥ 38% and idle rate ≤ 2100 Btu/h/pan 2 gal/hour/pan
Water-cooled refrigeration equipment Not allowed unless on a closed-loop
system or cooling tower

For SI: °C = [°F - 32]/1.8, 1 Btu/h = 0.29 W.
  1. Maximum water use as determined by ASTM F 2861.
  2. Idle rate as determined by ASTM F 1696 and water use as determined by ANSI/NSF 3.
  3. Idle rate as determined by ASTM F 1920 and water use as determined by ANSI/NSF 3.
  4. Water use as determined by ANSI/NSF 3.
  5. Daily energy use as determined by ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 72 with temperature set points at 38°F for medium temp refrigerators, 0°F for low temp freezers, and -15°F for ice cream freezers.
  6. Heavy-load cooking-energy efficiency and idle rate as determined by ASTM F 1361.
  7. Heavy-load (French fry) cooking-energy efficiency and idle rate as determined by ASTM F 2144.
  8. Heavy-load cooking-energy efficiency and idle rate as determined by ASTM F 1605.
  9. Heavy-load cooking-energy efficiency and idle rate as determined by ASTM F 1275.
  10. Idle rate as determined by ASTM F 2140.
  11. Energy and water use as determined by ARI 810.
  12. Heavy-load (potato) cooking-energy efficiency and idle rate as determined by ASTM F 1496.
  13. Heavy-load (potato) cooking-energy efficiency and idle rate as determined by ASTM F 1484.
609.2.4 Conveyors
Motors associated with conveyors shall be sized to meet the expected load and designed to run within 90 percent of capacity at all times the conveyor is expected to operate. Conveyor motors shall be provided with sleep mode controls. Two-speed motors and adjustable-speed drives shall be provided where load weights are expected to vary. Readily accessible controls shall be provided to allow for manual shut off of the conveyor when the conveyor is not needed. Conveyor systems shall be designed to use gravity feed where conditions allow and arranged so that long straight runs are provided with as few drives as possible.

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