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All accessory off-street parking facilities, automobile rental establishments, and public parking lots developed, enlarged or extended in the Manhattan Core after May 8, 2013, shall comply with the applicable provisions of this Section, inclusive.
13-21 Public Use and Off-Site Parking
All accessory off-street parking spaces may be made available for public use. However, any such space shall be made available to the occupant of a residence to which it is accessory within 30 days after written request therefor is made to the landlord.
No accessory off-street parking spaces shall be located on a zoning lot other than the same zoning lot as the use to which they are accessory.
13-22 Applicability of Enclosure and Screening Requirements
  1. Screening

    In addition to the screening provisions of paragraph (a)(1) of Section 13-221 (Enclosure and screening requirements), the ground floor use provisions of the following Sections shall apply:
    1. Sections 32-431 (Ground floor use in C1-8A, C1-9A, C2-7A, C2-8A, C4-6A and C4-7A Districts) and 32-432 (Ground floor use in Community Board 7, Borough of Manhattan);
    2. Section 32-435 (Ground floor use in high density Commercial Districts) ;
    3. Sections 81-42 (Retail Continuity Along Designated Streets) and 81-531 (Special retail frontage requirements) in the Special Midtown District ;
    4. Section 82-21 (Restrictions on Street Level Uses) in the Special Lincoln Square District ;
    5. Section 91-12 (Uses on Designated Retail Streets) and the applicable Sections of 91-41 (Regulations for Designated Retail Streets), inclusive, in the Special Lower Manhattan District ;
    6. Section 95-08 (Special Use Regulations), inclusive, in the Special Transit Land Use District ;
    7. Section 96-21 (Special Regulations for 42nd Street Perimeter Area), paragraph (c), in the Special Clinton District ;
    8. Section 98-14 (Ground Floor Use and Transparency Requirements on Tenth Avenue) in the Special West Chelsea District ;
    9. Section 99-03 (Special Use Regulations), inclusive, in the Special Madison Avenue Preservation District ;
    10. Sections 109-11 (Special Use Regulations), inclusive, and 109-21 (Use Regulations), inclusive in the Special Little Italy District ; and
    11. Section 132-20 (SPECIAL USE REGULATIONS), inclusive, in the Special Enhanced Commercial District.
  2. Transparency

    The transparency provisions of paragraph (a)(2) of Section 13-221 shall not apply to portions of ground floor level street walls that are subject to the following Sections:
    1. Section 32-435 (Ground floor use in high density Commercial Districts);
    2. Section 81-42 (Retail Continuity Along Designated Streets) in the Special Midtown District ;
    3. Section 82-23 (Street Wall Transparency) in the Special Lincoln Square District ;
    4. Section 91-412 (Access and glazing of required retail space) in the Special Lower Manhattan District ;
    5. Section 96-21 (Special Regulations for 42nd Street Perimeter Area), paragraph (c), in the Special Clinton District ;
    6. Section 98-14 (Ground Floor Use and Transparency Requirements on Tenth Avenue) in the Special West Chelsea District ; and
    7. Section 132-30 (SPECIAL TRANSPARENCY REGULATIONS AND STREET WALL LOCATION), inclusive, in the Special Enhanced Commercial District.
13-221 Enclosure and Screening Requirements
  1. Accessory off-street parking facilities

    All accessory off-street parking spaces shall be located within a completely enclosed building, with the exception of parking spaces accessory to a hospital, as listed in Use Group 4, and as provided in Section 13-45 (Special Permits for Additional Parking Spaces). In addition, such parking facilities shall comply with the following provisions:
    1. Screening

      Any portion of an accessory off-street parking facility that is located above curb level shall comply with the applicable parking wrap and screening provisions set forth in Section 37-35.
    2. Transparency

      Portions of ground floor commercial and community facility uses screening the parking facility in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 37-35 shall be glazed with transparent materials in accordance with Section 37-34.

      For zoning lots with multiple street wall frontages, the transparency provisions of this paragraph, (a)(2), need not apply to street walls that are located entirely beyond 100 feet of any portion of the accessory parking facility, as measured in plan view, perpendicular to such parking facility.
  2. Automobile rental establishments

    All off-street parking within an automobile rental establishment shall be located within a completely enclosed building and shall comply with the screening provisions of paragraph (a) of this Section. Accessory office space and customer waiting areas associated with such establishments shall constitute commercial floor area for the purposes of such screening requirement.
  3. Public parking lots and certain permitted accessory parking lots

    Public parking lots and open parking spaces accessory to a hospital shall provide screening in accordance with the provisions of 37-921 (Perimeter landscaping).
13-23 Floor Area
The definition of floor area in Section 12-10 shall be modified for purposes of this Chapter, as follows:
  1. Attended parking facilities with parking lift systems

    For portions of an attended parking facility with parking lift systems, individual lifted trays upon which a vehicle is stored which, in operation, rise to a height in excess of 23 feet, as measured above curb level, shall be considered floor area in an amount of 153 square feet, or the size of such lifted tray, whichever is greater.
  2. Automated parking facilities

    Floor space used for off-street parking spaces in an accessory automated parking facility up to a height of 40 feet above curb level shall be exempt from the definition of floor area upon certification of the Chairperson of the City Planning Commission, pursuant to the provisions of Section 13-432 (Floor area exemption for automated parking facilities).

    For portions of an automated parking facility, each tray upon which a vehicle is stored at a height in excess of 40 feet in parking facilities certified pursuant to Section 13-432, or 23 feet in all other automated parking facilities, shall be considered floor area in an amount of 153 square feet, or the size of such lifted tray, whichever is greater.
13-24 Curb Cut Restrictions
In addition to the provisions of this Section, inclusive, additional restrictions on curb cuts in the Manhattan Core are found in the following Special Purpose Districts:
  1. the Special Midtown District, as set forth in Sections 81-44 (Curb Cut Restrictions) and 81-675 (Curb cut restrictions and loading berth requirements);
  2. the Special Lincoln Square District, as set forth in paragraph (b) of Section 82-50 (OFF-STREET PARKING AND OFF-STREET LOADING REGULATIONS);
  3. the Special Battery Park City District, as set forth in Sections 84-144 (Location of curb cuts) and 84-343 (Curb cuts);
  4. the Special Lower Manhattan District, as set forth in Section 91-52 (Curb Cut Regulations);
  5. the Special Park Improvement District, as set forth in Section 92-05 (Maximum Number of Accessory Off-street Parking Spaces);
  6. the Special Transit Land Use District, as set forth in Section 95-09 (Special Regulations for Accessory Off-street Parking and Curb Cuts);
  7. the Special Clinton District, as set forth in paragraph (f) of Section 96-21 (Special Regulations for 42nd Street Perimeter Area);
  8. the Special Madison Avenue Preservation District, as set forth in Section 99-06 (Off-street Parking Regulations); and
  9. the Special Little Italy District, as set forth in Section 109-351 (Curb cut regulations).
13-241 Location of Curb Cuts
For accessory off-street parking facilities, automobile rental establishments and public parking lots, curb cuts are required for entry and exit to such parking facilities. Such curb cuts:
  1. shall not be permitted within 50 feet of the intersection of any two street lines, except where the Commissioner of Buildings certifies that such location:
    1. is not hazardous to traffic safety;
    2. is not likely to create traffic congestion; and
    3. will not unduly inhibit surface traffic or pedestrian flow.
      The Commissioner of Buildings may refer such matter to the Department of Transportation, or its successor, for a report;
  2. shall not be located within two and one-half feet of any side lot line of the zoning lot, or prolongation thereof;
  3. for accessory off-street parking facilities and automobile rental establishments, shall not be located on a wide street, except where authorized pursuant to Section 13-441 (Curb cuts); and
  4. for public parking lots, shall not be permitted on the following wide streets, except where authorized pursuant to Section 13-441:
    1. 14th Street, from Fourth Avenue to Seventh Avenue;
    2. Avenue of the Americas, from 23rd Street to 32nd Street;
    3. Canal Street, from the Bowery to West Broadway;
    4. Church Street, from Park Place to Worth Street;
    5. Delancey Street, from Clinton Street to the west side of Orchard Street;
    6. Fifth Avenue;
    7. Seventh Avenue, from 23rd Street to 32nd Street; and
    8. Worth Street, from Centre Street to Church Street.
13-242 Maximum Width of Curb Cuts
  1. Accessory off-street parking facilities

    For curb cuts accessing off-street parking spaces accessory to residences in the Manhattan Core, the provisions of Sections 25-631 (Location and width of curb cuts in certain districts) and 36-532 (Location and width of curb cuts accessing residential parking spaces in certain districts) shall apply, as applicable.

    In addition, the maximum width of a curb cut shall be 22 feet for curb cuts accessing off-street parking spaces accessory to residences in R9 or R10 Districts, C1 and C2 Districts mapped within R9 and R10 Districts, and in all other Commercial Districts where, as set forth in the tables in Section 34-112 or 35-23, as applicable, the equivalent Residence District is R9 or R10. This maximum curb cut width of 22 feet shall also apply to curb cuts accessing off-street parking spaces accessory to commercial or community facility uses, and to curb cuts accessing off-street parking facilities with parking spaces accessory to a mix of uses.
  2. Automobile rental establishments

    For curb cuts accessing automobile rental establishments, the maximum width of a curb cut shall be 22 feet.
  3. Public parking lots

    For curb cuts accessing public parking lots, the curb cut provisions of paragraph (c) of Section 36-58 (Parking Lot Maneuverability and Curb Cut Regulations) shall apply.
13-25 Reservoir Spaces
For the purpose of determining required reservoir spaces, fractions equal to or greater than one-half resulting from the calculations in this Section shall be considered to be one reservoir space. In no event shall the dimensions of any reservoir space be less than 18 feet long and 8 feet, 6 inches wide.
  1. Attended parking facilities

    For attended accessory off-street parking facilities or public parking lots with more than 25 off-street parking spaces, off-street reservoir space at the vehicular entrance shall be provided to accommodate:
    1. five percent of the total number of parking spaces provided in parking facilities with more than 25 parking spaces and up to 50 parking spaces;
    2. ten percent of the total number of parking spaces provided in parking facilities with more than 50 parking spaces and up to 100 parking spaces;
    3. ten parking spaces in parking facilities with more than 100 off-street parking spaces and up to 200 parking spaces; and
    4. five percent of the total number of parking spaces provided in parking facilities with more than 200 off-street parking spaces. However such number of reservoir spaces need not exceed 50.
  2. Automated parking facilities

    For automated parking facilities, off-street reservoir space at the vehicle entrance shall be provided at the rate set forth in paragraph (a) of this Section.

    Each individual parking location where a driver is permitted to leave a vehicle for transfer to a mechanized automobile storage and retrieval unit shall constitute one reservoir space. Additional reservoir spaces may be located where drivers queue to access such locations for vehicle transfer.

    In addition, the number of reservoir spaces required pursuant to this Section may be reduced where the Commissioner of Buildings determines that the operational characteristics of such automated parking facility warrant such a reduction.
  3. Automobile rental establishments

    For automobile rental establishments, off-street reservoir space at the vehicle entrance shall be provided at the rate set forth in paragraph (a) of this Section.
  4. Self-parking facilities

    For self-parking accessory off-street parking facilities and public parking lots where entering vehicles are required to stop before a mechanically operated barrier before entering such parking facility, such barrier shall be placed a minimum of 20 feet beyond the street line.
13-26 Pedestrian Safety and Access
For all accessory off-street parking facilities, the following safety features shall be provided at all vehicular exit points:
  1. a stop sign which shall be clearly visible to drivers. Such signage shall comply with the standards set forth in the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) issued by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) for a conventional single lane road; and
  2. a speed bump, which shall be located within the exit lane of the parking facility. Such speed bump shall:
    1. span the width of the vehicular travel lane;
    2. have a minimum height of two inches, as measured from the adjoining grade of the exit lane, and a maximum depth of 12 inches; and
    3. shall be located a minimum of four feet beyond the street line, as measured perpendicular to the street line.
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