The special procedures of this section may be applied only to buildings having the following characteristics:
- Flexible diaphragms at all levels above the base of the structure.
- Vertical elements of the lateral-force-resisting system consisting predominantly of masonry or concrete shear walls.
- Except for single-story buildings with an open front on one side only, a minimum of two lines of vertical elements of the lateral-force-resisting system parallel to each axis of the building (see Section A111.8 for open-front buildings).
A crosswall is a wood-framed wall sheathed with any of the materials described in Table A1-D or A1-E or other system as defined in Section A111.3.5. Crosswalls shall be spaced no more than 40 feet (12 192 mm) on center measured perpendicular to the direction of consideration, and shall be placed in each story of the building. Crosswalls shall extend the full story height between diaphragms.
- Crosswalls need not be provided at all levels when used in accordance with Section A111.4.2, Item 4.
- 2.1. Shear connections and anchorage requirements of Section A111.5 are satisfied at all edges of the diaphragm.
- 2.2. Crosswalls with total shear capacity of 0.5SD1ΣWd interconnect the diaphragm to the foundation.
Demand-capacity ratios shall be calculated for the diaphragm at any level according to the following formulas:
- Diaphragm forces at corners of openings shall be investigated and shall be developed into the diaphragm by new or existing materials.
- In addition to the demand-capacity ratios of Section A111.4.2, the demand-capacity ratio of the portion of the diaphragm adjacent to an opening shall be calculated using the opening dimension as the span.
- Where an opening occurs in the end quarter of the diaphragm span, the calculation of vuD for the demand-capacity ratio shall be based on the net depth of the diaphragm.
Diaphragms shall be connected to shear walls with connections capable of developing the diaphragm-loading tributary to the shear wall given by the lesser of the following formulas:
using the Cp values in Table A1-C, or
The wall story force distributed to a shear wall at any diaphragm level shall be the lesser value calculated as:
but need not exceed
The wall story shear shall be the sum of the wall story forces at and above the level of consideration.
The provisions of Section A110.2 are applicable, except the allowable height-to-thickness ratios given in Table A1-B shall be determined from Figure A1-1 as follows:
- In Region 1, height-to-thickness ratios for buildings with crosswalls may be used if qualifying crosswalls are present in all stories.
- In Region 2, height-to-thickness ratios for buildings with crosswalls may be used whether or not qualifying crosswalls are present.
- In Region 3, height-to-thickness ratios for “all other buildings” shall be used whether or not qualifying crosswalls are present.
A single-story building with an open front on one side and crosswalls parallel to the open front may be designed by the following procedure: