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Structural systems and members thereof shall be designed to have adequate stiffness to limit deflections as indicated in Table 1604.3.
TABLE 1604.3
DEFLECTION LIMITSa, b, c, h, i
CONSTRUCTION L or Lr S or W f D + Ld, g
Roof members:e      
Supporting plaster or stucco ceiling
l/360 l/360 l/240
Supporting nonplaster ceiling
l/240 l/240 l/180
Not supporting ceiling
l/180 l/180 l/120
Floor members l/360 l/240
Exterior walls:      
With plaster or stucco finishes
l/360
With other brittle finishes
l/240
With flexible finishes
l/120
Interior partitions:b      
With plaster or stucco finishes
l/360
With other brittle finishes
l/240
With flexible finishes
l/120
Farm buildings l/180
Greenhouses l/120
For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
  1. For structural roofing and siding made of formed metal sheets, the total load deflection shall not exceed l/60. For secondary roof structural members supporting formed metal roofing, the live load deflection shall not exceed l/150. For secondary wall members supporting formed metal siding, the design wind load deflection shall not exceed l/90. For roofs, this exception only applies when the metal sheets have no roof covering.
  2. Flexible, folding and portable partitions are not governed by the provisions of this section. The deflection criterion for interior partitions is based on the horizontal load defined in Section 1607.16.
  3. See Section 2403 for glass supports.
  4. The deflection limit for the D+(L+Lr) load combination only applies to the deflection due to the creep component of long-term dead load deflection plus the short-term live load deflection. For lumber, structural glued laminated timber, prefabricated wood I-joists and structural composite lumber members that are dry at time of installation and used under dry conditions in accordance with the ANSI/AWC NDS, the creep component of the long-term deflection shall be permitted to be estimated as the immediate dead load deflection resulting from 0.5D. For lumber and glued laminated timber members installed or used at all other moisture conditions or cross laminated timber and wood structural panels that are dry at time of installation and used under dry conditions in accordance with the ANSI/AWC NDS, the creep component of the long-term deflection is permitted to be estimated as the immediate dead load deflection resulting from D. The value of 0.5D shall not be used in combination with ANSI/AWC NDS provisions for long-term loading.
  5. The preceding deflections do not ensure against ponding. Roofs that do not have sufficient slope or camber to ensure adequate drainage shall be investigated for ponding. See Chapter 8 of ASCE 7.
  6. The wind load shall be permitted to be taken as 0.42 times the "component and cladding" loads or directly calculated using the 10-year mean return interval wind speed for the purpose of determining deflection limits in Table 1604.3. Where framing members support glass, the deflection limit therein shall not exceed that specified in Section 1604.3.7
  7. For steel structural members, the deflection due to creep component of long-term dead load shall be permitted to be taken as zero.
  8. For aluminum structural members or aluminum panels used in skylights and sloped glazing framing, roofs or walls of sunroom additions or patio covers not supporting edge of glass or aluminum sandwich panels, the total load deflection shall not exceed l/60. For continuous aluminum structural members supporting edge of glass, the total load deflection shall not exceed l/175 for each glass lite or l/60 for the entire length of the member, whichever is more stringent. For aluminum sandwich panels used in roofs or walls of sunroom additions or patio covers, the total load deflection shall not exceed 1/120.
  9. l = Length of the member between supports. For cantilever members, l shall be taken as twice the length of the cantilever.
1604.3.1 Deflections
The deflections of structural members shall not exceed the more restrictive of the limitations of Sections 1604.3.2 through 1604.3.5 or that permitted by Table 1604.3.
1604.3.2 Reinforced Concrete
The deflection of reinforced concrete structural members shall not exceed that permitted by ACI 318.
1604.3.3 Steel
The deflection of steel structural members shall not exceed that permitted by AISC 360, AISI S100, ASCE 8, SJI 100 or SJI 200, as applicable.
1604.3.4 Masonry
The deflection of masonry structural members shall not exceed that permitted by TMS 402.
1604.3.5 Aluminum
The deflection of aluminum structural members shall not exceed that permitted by AA ADM.
1604.3.6 Limits
The deflection limits of Section 1604.3.1 shall be used unless more restrictive deflection limits are required by a referenced standard for the element or finish material.
1604.3.7 Framing Supporting Glass
The deflection of framing members supporting glass subjected to 0.6 times the "component and cladding" wind loads shall not exceed either of the following:
  1. 1/175 of the length of span of the framing member, for framing members having a length not more than 13 feet 6 inches (4115 mm).
  2. 1/240 of the length of span of the framing member + 1/4 inch (6.4 mm), for framing members having a length greater than 13 feet 6 inches (4115 mm).

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