Florida's public and private schools, colleges, and universities shall comply with all applicable requirements of the code and the following standards. These are minimum standards; boards or owners may impose more restrictive requirements. Additional requirements for public educational facilities in Florida, including public schools and Florida's colleges, are found in Section 453, State Requirements for Educational Facilities.
Soil, grass, and planting beds shall provide positive drainage away from sidewalks, but shall not fall away at more than a 3-percent gradient slope for a minimum distance of 5 feet (1524 mm) from the edge.
Playgrounds and equipment shall be safe, structurally sound, verminproof, and shall not have jagged or sharp projections. Playground equipment shall be anchored to suitable foundations to prevent toppling or dislodgement. Cushioning materials such as mats, wood chips, or sand shall be used under climbing equipment, slides, and swings.
A smooth nonabsorbent surface shall be provided for outdoor waste containers.
Buildings for Group E occupancies shall be rodentproofed in accordance with Appendix F, Rodent-proofing.
Sources of natural light in instructional spaces shall be glazed with glare reducing materials or shall be shielded to prevent glare that can interfere with seeing task within the instructional space.
Automated external defibrillators shall be provided in public educational facilities that are a member of the Florida High School Athletic Association.
A diaper changing station shall be located in or adjacent to any classroom where children wearing diapers are in attendance. A hand washing lavatory shall be provided within the changing station area. Access shall be provided to the lavatory without opening doors or touching a handle.
Educational and ancillary facilities shall be provided with toilets, handwashing facilities, and drinking fountains for all occupants, in ratios and accessible as required by the Florida Building Code, Florida law, and federal requirements.
Faculty and staff toilets shall be separate from student toilets.
Access to student group toilet rooms shall not be through an occupied space, storage space, or equipment space.
The entry to each group toilet room shall be provided with a door, partition, or other shielding device to block from view the occupants in the toilet room. If a door is provided, it shall have a closer and shall swing out in the direction of egress.
All group toilet rooms shall be provided with at least one floor drain and one easily accessible hose bibb. The floor shall be sloped down to the drain.
Soap dispensers for liquid, foam, or powdered soap shall be provided at all handwashing basins.
Individual towel dispensers or hot-air hand drying devices shall be provided near handwashing basins.
Shower heads shall be based on the peak load to be accommodated at one time and provided at the ratio of one shower head for each five students, located a minimum of 30 inches (762 mm) apart.
Floors shall be drained in such a manner that waste water from any shower head will not pass over areas occupied by other bathers.
Water shall be heated and the temperature at the shower head shall not exceed 110°F (43°C) nor be less than 95°F (35°C).
Natural ventilation shall not be provided in toilet rooms, shower rooms, lockers rooms, and storage rooms for athletic equipment or soiled clothes.
Fans and blowers shall be sized and designed to provide the required air movement without excessive or disturbing noise that would interfere with the educational program provided in the space being ventilated.
Kiln rooms and areas shall be provided with adequate exhaust to dispel emitted heat to the exterior, and they shall not be connected to any other exhaust system.
HVAC systems in chemistry labs and science classrooms shall be designed and installed to ensure that chemicals originating from the space are not recirculated.
Rooms used for the storage, handling, and disposal of chemicals used in school, college, and university laboratories shall be vented to the exterior. The ventilation system shall not be connected to the air-conditioning return air system, and the rooms shall be kept at moderate temperatures. Chemical storage cabinets, when vented to the exterior, shall be mechanically vented in accordance with NFPA 30 and NFPA 91.
Illumination at the normal task level for the type of classroom/instruction space shall be a minimum of 40 footcandles (400 Lux).
Luminaries shall have a ceiling arrangement or positioned around the walls such that a uniformed illumination level, within 10 footcandles (100 Lux), is maintained at the students required normal task level for the type of classroom/instruction space.
The brightness ratio between the student task level and the instruction area or areas or visual display location shall be one (1) to five (5) or less.
Illumination of permanently installed markerboards, chalkboards and other instruction aids shall be designed to eliminate glare and shadows.