NOTE TO (b): Safety and health programs developed and implemented to meet other federal, state, or local regulations are considered acceptable in meeting this requirement if they cover or are modified to cover the topics required in this paragraph. An additional or separate safety and health program is not required by this paragraph.
Employers shall develop and implement a written safety and health program for their employees involved in hazardous waste operations. The program shall be designed to identify, evaluate, and control safety and health hazards, and provide for emergency response for hazardous waste operations.
Site excavations created during initial site preparation or during hazardous waste operations shall be shored or sloped as appropriate to prevent accidental collapse in accordance with Subpart P of 29 CFR Part 1926.
An employer who retains contractor or sub-contractor services for work in hazardous waste operations shall inform those contractors, sub-contractors, or their representatives of the site emergency response procedures and any potential fire, explosion, health, safety or other hazards of the hazardous waste operation that have been identified by the employer's information program.
The written safety and health program shall be made available to any contractor or subcontractor or their representative who will be involved with the hazardous waste operation; to employees; to employee designated representatives; to OSHA personnel, and to personnel of other Federal, state, or local agencies with regulatory authority over the site.
The written safety and health program shall incorporate the following:
An organizational structure;
A comprehensive workplan;
A site-specific safety and health plan which need not repeat the employer's standard operating procedures required in paragraph (b)(1)(ii)(F) of this section;
The safety and health training program;
The medical surveillance program;
The employer's standard operating procedures for safety and health; and
Any necessary interface between general program and site specific activities.
The organizational structure part of the program shall establish the specific chain of command and specify the overall responsibilities of supervisors and employees. It shall include, at a minimum, the following elements:
A general supervisor who has the responsibility and authority to direct all hazardous waste operations.
A site safety and health supervisor who has the responsibility and authority to develop and implement the site safety and health plan and verify compliance.
All other personnel needed for hazardous waste site operations and emergency response and their general functions and responsibilities.
The lines of authority, responsibility, and communication.
The organizational structure shall be reviewed and updated as necessary to reflect the current status of waste site operations.
The comprehensive workplan part of the program shall address the tasks and objectives of the site operations and the logistics and resources required to reach those tasks and objectives.
The comprehensive workplan shall address anticipated clean-up activities as well as normal operating procedures which need not repeat the employer's procedures available elsewhere.
The comprehensive workplan shall establish personnel requirements for implementing the plan.
The comprehensive workplan shall provide for the implementation of the training required in paragraph (e) of this section.
The comprehensive workplan shall provide for the implementation of the required informational programs required in paragraph (i) of this section.
The comprehensive workplan shall provide for the implementation of the medical surveillance program described in paragraph (f) if this section.
The comprehensive workplan shall define work tasks and objectives and identify the methods for accomplishing those tasks and objectives.
The site safety and health plan, which must be kept on site, shall address the safety and health hazards of each phase of site operation and include the requirements and procedures for employee protection.
The site specific safety and health plan shall provide for pre-entry briefings to be held prior to initiating any site activity, and at such other times as necessary to ensure that employees are apprised of the site safety and health plan and that this plan is being followed. The information and data obtained from site characterization and analysis work required in paragraph (c) of this section shall be used to prepare and update the site safety and health plan.
Inspections shall be conducted by the site safety and health supervisor or, in the absence of that individual, another individual who is knowledgeable in occupational safety and health, acting on behalf of the employer as necessary to determine the effectiveness of the site safety and health plan. Any deficiencies in the effectiveness of the site safety and health plan shall be corrected by the employer.
The site safety and health plan, as a minimum, shall address the following:
A safety and health risk or hazard analysis for each site task and operation found in the workplan.
Employee training assignments to assure compliance with paragraph (e) of this section.
Personal protective equipment to be used by employees for each of the site tasks and operations being conducted as required by the personal protective equipment program in paragraph (g)(5) of this section.
Medical surveillance requirements in accordance with the program in paragraph (f) of this section.
Frequency and types of air monitoring, personnel monitoring, and environmental sampling techniques and instrumentation to be used, including methods of maintenance and calibration of monitoring and sampling equipment to be used.
Site control measures in accordance with the site control program required in paragraph (d) of this section.
Decontamination procedures in accordance with paragraph (k) of this section.
An emergency response plan meeting the requirements of paragraph (l) of this section for safe and effective responses to emergencies, including the necessary PPE and other equipment.
Confined space entry procedures.
A spill containment program meeting the requirements of paragraph (j) of this section.