1224.31 Psychiatric Nursing Unit
A psychiatric unit shall be housed in a separate and distinct nursing unit and shall provide the following:
A psychiatric nursing unit shall meet the requirements of Section 1224.14 or 1228.14, in addition to the requirements of Section 1228.4, based on the functional program. Specific application shall respond to the patient injury and suicide prevention component of the Patient Safety Risk Assessment prepared under California Administrative Code (Part 1 of Title 24) Section 7-119. If a unit provides acute medical care, the unit shall comply with Section 1224.14 and be located in a building rated SPC 3 or higher.
Windows modified to prevent patients from leaving the unit.
Used for interviewing patients.
Provide spaces for dining and recreation. The total area for these purposes shall be not less than 30 square feet (2.8 m2) per patient.
Storage closets or cabinets for recreational and occupation therapy equipment.
A recreation room with a minimum of 100 square feet (9.3 m2) in each building, and on each floor of a building accommodating six or more psychiatric patients.
The ceiling and the air distribution devices, lighting fixtures, sprinkler heads, and other appurtenances shall be of a tamper-resistant type.
- The door shall not be lockable from within.
- The door shall be capable of swinging outward.
- The ceiling shall be of tamper-resistant construction and the air distribution devices, lighting fix tures, sprinkler heads, and other appurtenances shall be of the tamper-resistant type.
Handwashing fixtures located in patient rooms and patient toilet rooms may include anti-ligature features that do not compromise compliance with the hot and cold water supply controls, laminar flow, and sink requirements of Section 210.0 and Table 4-2 of the California Plumbing Code. Handwashing fixtures within patient rooms and patient toilet rooms in psychiatric nursing units are not required to be equipped with gooseneck spouts and the discharge point may be less than 5 inches (127 mm) above the fixture rim.
If a unit treats children of school age over a period of one month or more, it shall provide physical facilities for an educational program, such as classrooms and an office for the teacher.