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1910.217(c)(3)(i)
Point of operation devices shall protect the operator by:
1910.217(c)(3)(i)(a)
Preventing and/or stopping normal stroking of the press if the operator's hands are inadvertently placed in the point of operation; or
1910.217(c)(3)(i)(b)
Preventing the operator from inadvertently reaching into the point of operation, or withdrawing his hands if they are inadvertently located in the point of operation, as the dies close; or
1910.217(c)(3)(i)(c)
Preventing the operator from inadvertently reaching into the point of operation at all times; or
1910.217(c)(3)(i)(d) [Reserved]
1910.217(c)(3)(i)(e)
Requiring application of both of the operator's hands to machine operating controls and locating such controls at such a safety distance from the point of operation that the slide completes the downward travel or stops before the operator can reach into the point of operation with his hands; or
1910.217(c)(3)(i)(f)
Enclosing the point of operation before a press stroke can be initiated, and maintaining this closed condition until the motion of the slide had ceased; or
1910.217(c)(3)(i)(g)
Enclosing the point of operation before a press stroke can be initiated, so as to prevent an operator from reaching into the point of operation prior to die closure or prior to cessation of slide motion during the downward stroke.
1910.217(c)(3)(iii)
A presence sensing point of operation device shall protect the operator as provided in paragraph (c)(3)(i)(a) of this section, and shall be interlocked into the control circuit to prevent or stop slide motion if the operator's hand or other part of his body is within the sensing field of the device during the downstroke of the press slide.
1910.217(c)(3)(iii)(a)
The device may not be used on machines using full revolution clutches.
1910.217(c)(3)(iii)(b)
The device may not be used as a tripping means to initiate slide motion, except when used in total conformance with paragraph (h) of this section.
1910.217(c)(3)(iii)(c)
The device shall be constructed so that a failure within the system does not prevent the normal stopping action from being applied to the press when required, but does prevent the initiation of a successive stroke until the failure is corrected. The failure shall be indicated by the system.
1910.217(c)(3)(iii)(d)
Muting (bypassing of the protective function) of such device, during the upstroke of the press slide, is permitted for the purpose of parts ejection, circuit checking, and feeding.
1910.217(c)(3)(iii)(e)
The safety distance (Ds) from the sensing field to the point of operation shall be greater than the distance determined by the following formula:

Ds = 63 inches/second × Ts

where:

Ds = minimum safety distance (inches); 63 inches/second = hand speed constant;

and

Ts = stopping time of the press measured at approximately 90° position of crankshaft rotation (seconds).
1910.217(c)(3)(iii)(e)
Guards shall be used to protect all areas of entry to the point of operation not protected by the presence sensing device.
1910.217(c)(3)(iv)
The pull-out device shall protect the operator as specified in paragraph (c)(3)(i)(b) of this section, and shall include attachments for each of the operator's hands.
1910.217(c)(3)(iv)(a)
Attachments shall be connected to and operated only by the press slide or upper die.
1910.217(c)(3)(iv)(b)
Attachments shall be adjusted to prevent the operator from reaching into the point of operation or to withdraw the operator's hands from the point of operation before the dies close.
1910.217(c)(3)(iv)(c)
A separate pull-out device shall be provided for each operator if more than one operator is used on a press.
1910.217(c)(3)(iv)(d)
Each pull-out device in use shall be visually inspected and checked for proper adjustment at the start of each operator shift, following a new die set-up, and when operators are changed. Necessary maintenance or repair or both shall be performed and completed before the press is operated. Records of inspections and maintenance shall be kept in accordance with paragraph (e) of this section.
1910.217(c)(3)(v)
The sweep device may not be used for point of operation safeguarding.
1910.217(c)(3)(vi)
A holdout or a restraint device shall protect the operator as specified in paragraph (c)(3)(i)(c) of this section and shall include attachments for each of the operator's hands. Such attachments shall be securely anchored and adjusted in such a way that the operator is restrained from reaching into the point of operation. A separate set of restraints shall be provided for each operator if more than one operator is required on a press.
1910.217(c)(3)(vii)
The two hand control device shall protect the operator as specified in paragraph (c)(3)(i)(e) of this section.
1910.217(c)(3)(vii)(a)
When used in press operations requiring more than one operator, separate two hand controls shall be provided for each operator, and shall be designed to require concurrent application of all operators' controls to activate the slide. The removal of a hand from any control button shall cause the slide to stop.
1910.217(c)(3)(vii)(b)
Each two hand control shall meet the construction requirements of paragraph (b)(7)(v) of this section.
1910.217(c)(3)(vii)(c)
The safety distance (Ds) between each two hand control device and the point of operation shall be greater than the distance determined by the following formula:

Ds = 63 inches/second × Ts;

where:

Ds = minimum safety distance (inches); 63 inches/second = hand speed constant;

and

Ts = stopping time of the press measured at approximately 90° position of crankshaft rotation (seconds).
1910.217(c)(3)(vii)(d)
Two hand controls shall be fixed in position so that only a supervisor or safety engineer is capable of relocating the controls.
1910.217(c)(3)(viii)
The two hand trip device shall protect the operator as specified in paragraph (c)(3)(i)(e) of this section.
1910.217(c)(3)(viii)(a)
When used in press operations requiring more than one operator, separate two hand trips shall be provided for each operator, and shall be designed to require concurrent application of all operators' to activate the slide.
1910.217(c)(3)(viii)(b)
Each two hand trip shall meet the construction requirements of paragraph (b)(6) of this section.
1910.217(c)(3)(viii)(c)
The safety distance (Dm) between the two hand trip and the point of operation shall be greater than the distance determined by the following formula:

Dm = 63 inches/second × Tm;

where:

Dm = minimum safety distance (inches); 63 inches/second = hand speed constant;

and

Tm = the maximum time the press takes for the die closure after it has been tripped (seconds). For full revolution clutch presses with only one engaging point Tm is equal to the time necessary for one and one-half revolutions of the crankshaft. For full revolution clutch presses with more than one engaging point, Tm shall be calculated as follows:

Tm = [ 1/2 + (1 ÷ Number of engaging points per revolution)] × time necessary to complete one revolution of the crankshaft (seconds).
1910.217(c)(3)(viii)(d)
Two hand trips shall be fixed in position so that only a supervisor or safety engineer is capable of relocating the controls.
1910.217(c)(3)(ii)
A gate or movable barrier device shall protect the operator as follows:
1910.217(c)(3)(ii)(a)
A Type A gate or movable barrier device shall protect the operator in the manner specified in paragraph (c)(3)(i)(f) of this section, and
1910.217(c)(3)(ii)(b)
A Type B gate or movable barrier device shall protect the operator in the manner specified in paragraph (c)(3)(i)(g) of this section.

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