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1008.2 Accessible Routes
1008.2.1 Ground Level and Elevated Play Components
Accessible routes serving ground level play components and elevated play components shall be permitted to use the exceptions in 1008.2.1.
- Transfer systems complying with 1008.3 shall be permitted to connect elevated play components except where 20 or more elevated play components are provided no more than 25 percent of the elevated play components shall be permitted to be connected by transfer systems.
- Where transfer systems are provided, an elevated play component shall be permitted to connect to another elevated play component as part of an accessible route.
1008.2.2 Soft Contained Play Structures
1008.2.3 Water Play Components
Accessible routes serving water play components shall be permitted to use the exceptions in 1008.2.3.
- Where the surface of the accessible route, clear floor or ground spaces, or turning spaces serving water play components is submerged, compliance with 302, 403.3, 405.2, 405.3, and 1008.2.6 shall not be required.
- Transfer systems complying with 1008.3 shall be permitted to connect elevated play components in water.
Advisory 1008.2.3 Water Play Components. Personal wheelchairs and mobility devices may not be appropriate for submerging in water when using play components in water. Some may have batteries, motors, and electrical systems that when submerged in water may cause damage to the personal mobility device or wheelchair or may contaminate the water. Providing an aquatic wheelchair made of non-corrosive materials and designed for access into the water will protect the water from contamination and avoid damage to personal wheelchairs.
1008.2.4 Clear Width
1008.2.4.1 Ground Level
At ground level, the clear width of accessible routes shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum.
- In play areas less than 1000 square feet (93 m2), the clear width of accessible routes shall be permitted to be 44 inches (1120 mm) minimum, if at least one turning space complying with 304.3 is provided where the restricted accessible route exceeds 30 feet (9145 mm) in length.
- The clear width of accessible routes shall be permitted to be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum for a distance of 60 inches (1525 mm) maximum provided that multiple reduced width segments are separated by segments that are 60 inches (1525 mm) wide minimum and 60 inches (1525 mm) long minimum.
The clear width of accessible routes connecting elevated play components shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum.
- The clear width of accessible routes connecting elevated play components shall be permitted to be reduced to 32 inches (815 mm) minimum for a distance of 24 inches (610 mm) maximum provided that reduced width segments are separated by segments that are 48 inches (1220 mm) long minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) wide minimum.
- The clear width of transfer systems connecting elevated play components shall be permitted to be 24 inches (610 mm) minimum.
1008.2.5.1 Ground Level
1008.2.5.3.1 Handrail Gripping Surfaces
Handrail gripping surfaces with a circular cross section shall have an outside diameter of 0.95 inch (24 mm) minimum and 1.55 inches (39 mm) maximum. Where the shape of the gripping surface is non-circular, the handrail shall provide an equivalent gripping surface.
1008.2.5.3.2 Handrail Height
1008.2.6 Ground Surfaces
Ground surfaces on accessible routes, clear floor or ground spaces, and turning spaces shall comply with 1008.2.6.
Advisory 1008.2.6 Ground Surfaces. Ground surfaces must be inspected and maintained regularly to ensure continued compliance with the ASTM F 1951 standard. The type of surface material selected and play area use levels will determine the frequency of inspection and maintenance activities.
Ground surfaces shall comply with ASTM F 1951 (incorporated by reference, see "Referenced Standards" in Chapter 1). Ground surfaces shall be inspected and maintained regularly and frequently to ensure continued compliance with ASTM F 1951.
1008.2.6.2 Use Zones
1008.3 Transfer Systems
Where transfer systems are provided to connect to elevated play components, transfer systems shall comply with 1008.3.
Advisory 1008.3 Transfer Systems. Where transfer systems are provided, consideration should be given to the distance between the transfer system and the elevated play components. Moving between a transfer platform and a series of transfer steps requires extensive exertion for some children. Designers should minimize the distance between the points where a child transfers from a wheelchair or mobility device and where the elevated play components are located. Where elevated play components are used to connect to another elevated play component instead of an accessible route, careful consideration should be used in the selection of the play components used for this purpose.
1008.3.1 Transfer Platforms
Transfer platforms shall be provided where transfer is intended from wheelchairs or other mobility aids. Transfer platforms shall comply with 1008.3.1.
Transfer platforms shall have level surfaces 14 inches (355 mm) deep minimum and 24 inches (610 mm) wide minimum.
The height of transfer platforms shall be 11 inches (280 mm) minimum and 18 inches (455 mm) maximum measured to the top of the surface from the ground or floor surface.
1008.3.1.3 Transfer Space
A transfer space complying with 305.2 and 305.3 shall be provided adjacent to the transfer platform. The 48 inch (1220 mm) long minimum dimension of the transfer space shall be centered on and parallel to the 24 inch (610 mm) long minimum side of the transfer platform. The side of the transfer platform serving the transfer space shall be unobstructed.
1008.3.1.4 Transfer Supports
1008.3.2 Transfer Steps
Transfer steps shall be provided where movement is intended from transfer platforms to levels with elevated play components required to be on accessible routes. Transfer steps shall comply with 1008.3.2.
Transfer steps shall have level surfaces 14 inches (355 mm) deep minimum and 24 inches (610 mm) wide minimum.
Each transfer step shall be 8 inches (205 mm) high maximum.
1008.3.2.3 Transfer Supports
At least one means of support for transferring shall be provided.
Advisory 1008.3.2.3 Transfer Supports. Transfer supports are required on transfer platforms and transfer steps to assist children when transferring. Some examples of supports include a rope loop, a loop type handle, a slot in the edge of a flat horizontal or vertical member, poles or bars, or D rings on the corner posts.
1008.4 Play Components
1008.4.1 Turning Space
1008.4.2 Clear Floor or Ground Space
Clear floor or ground space complying with 305.2 and 305.3 shall be provided at play components.
Advisory 1008.4.2 Clear Floor or Ground Space. Clear floor or ground spaces, turning spaces, and accessible routes are permitted to overlap within play areas. A specific location has not been designated for the clear floor or ground spaces or turning spaces, except swings, because each play component may require that the spaces be placed in a unique location. Where play components include a seat or entry point, designs that provide for an unobstructed transfer from a wheelchair or other mobility device are recommended. This will enhance the ability of children with disabilities to independently use the play component.
When designing play components with manipulative or interactive features, consider appropriate reach ranges for children seated in wheelchairs. The following table provides guidance on reach ranges for children seated in wheelchairs. These dimensions apply to either forward or side reaches. The reach ranges are appropriate for use with those play components that children seated in wheelchairs may access and reach. Where transfer systems provide access to elevated play components, the reach ranges are not appropriate.
|Forward or Side Reach||Ages 3 and 4||Ages 5 through 8||Ages 9 through 12|
|High (maximum)||36 in (915 mm)||40 in (1015 mm)||44 in (1120 mm)|
|Low (minimum)||20 in (510 mm)||18 in (455 mm)||16 in (405 mm)|
1008.4.3 Play Tables
Where play tables are provided, knee clearance 24 inches (610 mm) high minimum, 17 inches deep (430 mm) minimum, and 30 inches (760 mm) wide minimum shall be provided. The tops of rims, curbs, or other obstructions shall be 31 inches (785 mm) high maximum.
1008.4.4 Entry Points and Seats
1008.4.5 Transfer Supports
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