The provisions of this section shall apply to skilled nursing and intermediate-care facilities, including distinct part skilled nursing and intermediate-care services of a general acute-care or acute psychiatric hospital license, provided either is in a separate unit or a freestanding building. Skilled nursing facilities and intermediate-care facilities shall provide all common elements and support services. The required services for skilled nursing and intermediate-care facility licensure: physician, skilled nursing, dietary, pharmaceutical services, and activity program shall be provided. At the option of the provider, the medical model or the household model may be used.
Skilled nursing facilities participating in the Small House Nursing Facilities Pilot Program established by and in conformance with Section 1323.5 of the California Health and Safety Code, shall meet all the provisions of Section 1225.4 Common Elements and Section 1225.5.2 Household Model applicable to small house skilled nursing facilities.
New buildings and additions, alterations or repairs to existing buildings subject to licensure shall comply with applicable provisions of the California Electrical Code, California Mechanical Code, California Plumbing Code, California Fire Code (Parts 3, 4, 5 and 9 of Title 24), and this section.
Exception: See Section 1224.2.
Services/systems and utilities that are necessary to the operation of a skilled nursing facility or intermediate care facility shall meet the requirements of this section. Examples of services/systems and utilities include but are not limited to normal power; emergency power; nurse call; fire alarm; communication and data systems; space-heating systems; process load systems; cooling systems; domestic hot and cold water systems; means of egress systems; fire-suppression systems; building drain and sewer systems; and medical gas systems that support licensed services.
A nurses’ station in freestanding skilled nursing and intermediate-care facilities shall be provided within each nursing unit. Nurses’ stations shall be designed to serve no more than 60 beds.
Nurses’ stations shall be provided with a cabinet, a desk, space for records, a bulletin board, a telephone, a specifically designated, lockable and illuminated medicine storage compartment, and a handwashing fixture. If a separate medicine room is provided, it shall have a lockable door and a sink. This sink cannot replace the required nurses’ station handwashing fixture.
Nurses’ stations serving 25 or less beds shall have a minimum floor area of 100 square feet (9.29 m2). Nurses’ stations servicing more than 25 beds shall have a minimum floor area of 125 square feet (11.6 m2). The minimum dimension of any nurses’ station shall not be less than 8 feet (2438 mm).
In free-standing skilled nursing and intermediate-care facilities, the distance between the nurses station entrance and the center of the doorway of the most remote patient bedroom shall not exceed 150 linear feet (45,720 mm).
Exception: The 150-foot (45,720 mm) limit does not apply to distinct part skilled nursing and intermediate-care services provided as a separate unit in a general acute-care hospital or acute psychiatric hospital.
Utility rooms shall be provided in each nursing unit. Soiled and clean utility or holding rooms shall be separated and have no direct connection.
If the room is used for preparing patient care items, it shall contain a work counter, a handwashing fixture, and storage facilities for clean and sterile supplies. If the room is used only for storage and holding as part of a system for distribution of clean and sterile materials, the work counter and handwashing fixture may be omitted.
This room shall be separate from the clean utility room. The soiled workroom/utility room shall contain a clinical sink (or equivalent flushing-rim fixture). The room shall contain a handwashing fixture. The above fixtures shall both have a hot and cold mixing faucet. The room shall have a work counter and space for separate covered containers for soiled linen and waste. Rooms used only for temporary holding of soiled material may omit the clinical sink and work counter. If the flushing-rim clinical sink is eliminated, facilities for cleaning bedpans shall be provided elsewhere.
A method of assuring visual privacy for each patient shall be provided in patient rooms and in tub, shower and toilet rooms.
If provided, the treatment or exam room shall comply with all of the requirements of Section 1224.4.4.
Each toilet, bathtub and shower serving patients shall be provided with conveniently located grab bars.
A patient/nurse call system complying with Section 517.123, California Electrical Code, shall be provided.
In small house skilled nursing facilities, visitor toilet room(s) shall be equipped with a nurse call station.
Special-purpose rooms for the purpose of single-patient occupancy shall be provided at a ratio of one room for every 35 patients or fraction thereof. Airborne infection isolation rooms may be included in determining the number of special-purpose rooms required for the facilities.
Exception: The special-purpose room may be omitted if all patient rooms are single-resident rooms.
If provided, the airborne infection isolation room shall comply with all of the requirements of Section 1224.14.3.
If provided, the protective environment room shall comply with all of the requirements of Section 1224.14.4.
Food service facilities and equipment shall conform with these standards, the standards of the National Sanitation Foundation, and the requirements of the local public health agency.
Provision(s) shall be made for transport of hot and cold foods as required, appropriate for the type of food service selected.
Facilities shall be furnished to provide nourishment and snacks between scheduled meal service.
The following facilities, in the size and number appropriate for the type of food service selected, shall be provided:
Food-service areas shall be directly accessible to the entry for food supply deliveries and for the removal of kitchen wastes.
A control station shall be provided for the receiving and control of incoming dietary supplies.
Food preparation facilities shall be provided to accommodate the method of food preparation required.
- Conventional food preparation systems require space and equipment for preparing, cooking, and baking.
- Convenience food service systems using frozen prepared meals, bulk packaged entrees, individual packaged portions, or those using contractual commissary services require space and equipment for thawing, portioning, cooking, and baking.
Handwashing stations shall be located in the food preparation area.
Ice-making facilities may be located in the food preparation area or in a separate room. They shall be easily cleanable and immediately accessible to the dietary function.
A patient tray assembly area shall be provided and shall be immediately accessible to the food preparation and distribution areas.
- If food service carts are utilized, a cart distribution system shall accommodate spaces for storage, loading, distribution, receiving, and sanitizing of the food service carts. Cart circulation shall not be through food preparation areas.
Ware-washing space shall be provided in a room separate from the food preparation and serving area. It shall be designed to prevent contamination of clean wares with soiled wares through cross-traffic. The clean wares shall be transferred for storage or use in the dining area without having to pass through food preparation areas.
Office or other space shall be provided for the dietician or dietetic service supervisor.
Licensed Bed Capacity Storage Space 1 to 99 beds 2 square feet (0.19 m2) per bed 100 to 199 beds 200 square feet (18.58 m2) plus 1 square foot 0.0929 m2) per bed in excess of 100 beds 200 beds and over 300 square feet (27.99 m2), plus 1/2 square foot (0.0465 m2) per bed in excess of 200 beds
- Additional storage space for dietetic service supplies, such as paper products, equipment, tray delivery carts, etc. shall be provided.
- Storage areas and sanitizing facilities for cans, carts, and mobile-tray conveyors shall be provided.
- Waste, storage, and recycling facilities (per local requirements) shall be located in a separate room easily accessible to the outside for direct pickup or disposal.
Toilet rooms shall be provided for the exclusive use of the dietary staff. They shall not open directly into the food preparation areas, but shall be readily accessible.
Exception: Small house skilled nursing facilities utilizing staff trained for dietary and care-giving responsibilities may provide toilet room(s) serving both the dietary and nursing service areas.
An enclosed, separate area shall be provided for dietetic service employees’ clothing and personal belongings.
Exception: Small house skilled nursing facilities utilizing staff trained for dietary and care-giving responsibilities may provide common locker room(s) serving both the dietary and nursing service areas.
On approval of the Licensing Agency, when food is provided by an outside food service, the facility shall maintain adequate space, equipment, and food supplies to accommodate required functional elements listed in Section 122.214.171.124, as required to provide patient food service in the event that the outside food service is interrupted.
An office for the director of nurses shall be provided.
Small house skilled nursing facility units may provide the administration and public spaces, medical record storage and the nursing director’s office in a separate centralized support area attached to the unit(s) or detached in a separate building in close proximity to the unit(s), as a part of the small house skilled nursing facility. This building shall be under OSHPD jurisdiction.
If provided, shall accommodate the following:
A central supply and sterilizing area shall be provided. Rooms and spaces shall accommodate the following services and equipment:
- Soiled work area. A receiving and gross cleaning area which shall contain work space and equipment for cleaning medical and surgical equipment and for disposal of or processing of soiled material.
- Clean work area. A clean work area which shall contain work space and equipment for sterilizing medical and surgical equipment and supplies.
- Sterilizing space.
- Storage. Space for sterile supplies and unsterile supplies.
All sterilizers and autoclaves which emit steam exhaust shall be vented to the outside of the building. Such vents shall be independent from the plumbing vent system.
Exception: Small instrument sterilizers.
Facilities shall provide combined general and specialized storage in accordance with the following schedule:
|Licensed Bed Capacity||Storage Area|
|1 to 10 beds||120 square feet (11.15 m2) minimum|
|11 to 100 beds||12 square feet (1.11 m2) per bed|
|Over 100 beds||1,200 square feet (111.48 m2) plus 5 square feet (0.46 m2) per bed for each bed over 100|
Separate and enclosed facilities for clean and soiled linen in each nursing unit. The clean linen storage space shall have a minimum area of 10 square feet (0.93 m2) and may be within the clean utility room. The soiled linen collection space shall have an area of no less than 10 square feet (0.93 m2), except where linen chutes are provided, and may be within the soiled utility room.
One supply storage space having a minimum area of 15 square feet (1.39 m2) shall be provided in each nursing unit. Supply storage may be within the clean utility room used only as part of a system for distributing clean and sterile supplies.
Sterile and unsterile supplies shall be stored separately.
If a laundry is to be provided, the following is required in addition to the laundry room:
- A separate soiled linen receiving, holding and sorting room with handwashing fixture.
- A separate clean linen storage, issuing and holding room.
- Storage for laundry supplies.
Separate dressing rooms with toilet(s), lavatories, and lockers for male and female personnel shall be provided.
Exception: Small house skilled nursing facilities, with a peak shift of less than five staff, may provide a single toilet room serving both male and female personnel in compliance with the California Plumbing Code Table 4-3, footnote 7.
The requirements of the Medical Model or the Household Model shall apply to the Nursing Unit(s) in its entirety.
Patients shall be accommodated only in rooms with the following minimum floor area, exclusive of toilet rooms, wardrobes, entrance vestibules, and fixed furnishings or equipment.
- Single-patient rooms: 110 square feet (10.21 m2).
- Multi-patient rooms: 80 square feet (7.43 m2) per bed.
The dimensions and arrangement shall be such that there is a minimum distance of 3 feet (914 mm) between the sides and foot of the beds and any wall or any other fixed obstruction. In multiple-bed rooms, in addition to the above, a minimum clearance of 3 feet (914 mm) shall be provided between beds and a clearance of 4 feet (1219 mm) shall be available at the foot of each bed to permit the passage of equipment and beds.
Each patient bed area shall have an outside exposure and shall not be below ground level. The window or glazed opening shall provide an unobstructed view from the head of each patient bed to the outdoors and shall be accessible to approach using a wheelchair or other patient-operated mobility device.
Each patient room shall be provided with wardrobe or locker spaces for clothing, toilet articles, or other personal belongings for each patient.
Exception: Pediatric and psychiatric patient rooms.
Adequate space shall be provided at each nursing station for the storage of drugs and preparation of medication doses.
All spaces and areas used for the storage of drugs shall be lockable and accessible to authorized personnel only.
Facilities shall provide for storage of drugs requiring refrigeration.
The pharmacy shall not serve the general public unless a separate public entrance or a separate public serving window is utilized.
Designated activity areas appropriate to independent and group needs of patients shall be provided as follows:
- Recreation room. Each floor of each building accommodating six or more patients shall be provided with a recreation room with a minimum of 100 square feet (9.29 m2).
- Recreation and dining. A minimum of 100 square feet (9.29 m2) plus 12 square feet (1.11 m2) per bed shall be provided for recreation and dining activities.
- Recreation room. Each floor of each building accommodating five or more patients shall be provided with a recreation room with a minimum of 150 square feet (13.94 m2).
- Recreation and dining. A minimum of 30 square feet (2.79 m2) per bed for recreation and dining activities.
- Outdoor space for activities and recreation.
A seating area(s) located out of the required egress width shall be provided along the access corridor that is used by patients.
A minimum of one drinking fountain shall be provided per resident floor, unless drinking water is available from the resident dietary area.
Each resident unit shall consist of the resident rooms, resident support areas, and resident living areas. The unit shall be designed as a cluster/household resident unit or as a resident unit with double or single loaded access corridors. If the cluster/household unit design is utilized, it shall be designed around resident support and living areas with a maximum of 20 patients per cluster/household unit. If the double or single loaded corridor resident unit design is utilized, the access corridor shall be designed so that travel distance from the entrance of the resident unit to the furthest resident room door is no more than 60 feet (18.29 m) without a change of corridor direction or a node for a resident sitting area.
Exception: Small house skilled nursing facilities are limited to household units with a maximum of 12 patients per unit. Small house household units may also be developed as individual, free-standing facilities.
Each resident unit shall be arranged to avoid unnecessary and unrelated travel through the unit.
Both the cluster/household unit and resident unit designs may be grouped into distinct parts or neighborhoods to a maximum of 60 patients. These distinct parts or neighborhoods composed of the resident unit(s) as described in Section 1126.96.36.199.1 may share the functional requirements of the resident support areas as described in Sections 1188.8.131.52 and 1184.108.40.206 of this code.
In new construction and additions, the maximum room capacity shall be two patients. Resident sleeping areas in all double resident room designs shall be visually separated from each other by a full height wall or a permanently installed sliding or folding door or partition, and shall provide each patient direct use of and direct access to an exterior window at all times. Walls, doors, or partitions used to separate resident beds shall provide visual and acoustical separation. A door leading to each resident bed area in addition to the corridor door is not required. Other resident room arrangements where a permanent partition or door is not used to separate the resident sleeping areas may be utilized if adequate visual separation such as a cubicle curtain(s) and an exterior window for each individual resident sleeping area is provided. In this case individual thermostats for the resident bed areas shall not be required.
Exception: In small house skilled nursing facilities, resident sleeping areas in all double-resident room designs shall be visually separated from each other by a full-height wall or a permanently installed sliding or folding door or partition, and shall provide each patient direct use of and direct access to an exterior window at all times. Walls, doors, or partitions used to separate resident beds shall provide visual and acoustical separation.
Where renovation work is undertaken of the resident room that alters the physical configuration of the resident room and the present capacity is more than two patients, the maximum room capacity shall be no more than two patients at the conclusion of the renovation.
Rooms shall have a minimum of 100 square feet (9.29 m2) of clear floor area per bed in double resident rooms and 120 square feet (11.15 m2) of clear floor area in single resident rooms, exclusive of the space consumed by toilet rooms, closets, lockers, wardrobes, lavatories, alcoves, and door swings into the room or entrance vestibules, whichever is greater. For the purpose of minimum clear floor area, the entrance vestibule is defined as that floor area located between the room entrance door and the room floor area containing the resident bed(s).
Dimensions and arrangement of resident rooms shall be designed to accommodate at least two bed positions to provide patient choice of bed placement. All such bed positions shall be designed so that the bed will not obstruct access to the supporting utilities serving the bed, such as the nurse call station, and the required electrical outlets that provide service for that bed. Only one bed position design shall be required for a bed that is equipped with a piped medical gas headwall unit, unless special requirements such as providing care for bariatric patients does permit the design of two bed positions in the room.
A 3 feet (0.91 m) wide clear access to each bed shall be provided along at least 75 percent of the length of one side of the bed and shall be designed to allow access for the use of a wheelchair and other portable equipment. For beds equipped with a piped-in medical gas headwall unit, there shall be a minimum of 3 feet (0.91 m) between the sides and foot of the bed and any wall or any other fixed obstruction. For planning purposes, a full-size bed is assumed to be 3 feet 6 inches (1.07 m) wide by 8 feet (2.43 m) long.
For renovations that alter the physical configuration of the resident room but have existing structural limitations that require two resident beds to be located in a shared resident sleeping area, there shall be a minimum of 3 feet (0.91 m) between the sides and foot of the bed and the adjacent bed. If one bed must be located to the side of the other bed, there shall be a clearance of 4 feet (1.22 m) to any fixed obstruction available at the foot of this bed to permit the passage of equipment and bed without moving the resident’s bed located nearest to the room door.
Exception: In small house skilled nursing facilities, two beds shall not be permitted in a shared resident sleeping area.
Each patient shall have access to a toilet room without having to enter the general corridor area or the resident bed area in a shared resident room. One toilet room shall serve no more than two patients and no more than two resident rooms. The door to the toilet room shall be side hinged and either swing out from the toilet room, or be equipped with emergency release hardware. Sliding doors equipped with sliding door hardware located on the resident room side of the wall and not equipped with a bottom door track shall be permitted. If a sliding door is used in a resident toilet or bath room, a D-shaped handle at least 4 inches (10.16 cm) long shall be provided to open the door. The sliding door shall permit access, and negate the need to push against a patient who may have collapsed within the toilet room. Unless otherwise required by this code, this door shall be at least 36 inches (914.4 mm) wide. A lavatory shall be provided in each resident toilet room.
Each resident room shall be provided with a wardrobe or closet for each patient. Each wardrobe or closet shall have minimum inside dimensions of 2 feet (0.61 m) in depth by 1 foot 8 inches (0.51 m) in width. Each shall be accessible to the patient at all times and shall have adjustable shelf(s) and an adjustable clothes rod that is adjustable in at most 4 inches (10.16 cm) increments from 4 feet (1.22 m) to 5 feet 8 inches (1.73 m) above finished floor or higher as closet size permits. When the wardrobe or closet is designed to meet the requirements for accessibility per Chapter 11B of this code, it shall include additional accessible storage area(s) for full-length garments. The shelf may be omitted if the clothing unit provides at least two drawers. Locked storage for personal items shall be provided within the resident sleeping room or area.
Size and features of each resident support area will depend upon the number and type of patients served. The resident support area may be arranged and located to serve more than one resident unit, but at least one such support area shall be provided on each resident floor. The following resident support areas shall be located in or be readily accessible to each resident unit.
A centralized staff work area shall be provided. It shall have space for supervisory administrative work activities, charting, and storage. In each resident unit, the functions of administrative work, charting and storage may be located among several separate direct care staff work areas. In this case, a centralized staff work area is not required.
A clean utility or clean holding room for storage and distribution of clean supply materials shall be provided. If the room is used for preparing patient care items, it shall contain a work counter, a handwashing fixture, and storage facilities for clean and sterile supplies. If the room is used only for storage and holding as a part of a system for distribution of clean and sterile supply materials, the work counter and handwashing fixture requirements may be omitted. The minimum size of the room shall be 15 square feet (1.39 m2) with 1 square foot (0.092 m2) of additional space provided per patient for over 15 patients and may be allocated among several clean utility or clean holding rooms or closets.
A soiled utility or soiled holding room(s) shall be provided. The soiled utility function shall be comprised of a flushing rim clinical service sink or other appropriate flushing fixture, with bedpan rinsing device, soiled linen receptacles, waste receptacles and a work counter with a usable minimum work surface area of 6 square feet (0.56 m2). The total minimum size of the room shall be 20 square feet (1.86 m2) with 1.5 square feet (0.140 m2) of additional space provided per patient for over 15 patients and may be allocated among several soiled utility or soiled holding rooms. Rooms used only for the holding of soiled materials need contain only a handwashing fixture.
A medicine preparation room or a self contained medicine dispensing unit shall be provided for the provision of medication distribution. The self-contained medicine dispensing unit shall be under the visual control of the staff. If a medicine preparation room is utilized, it shall be equipped with a lockable door, have a minimum area of 50 square feet (4.65 m2) and shall contain a refrigerator, locked storage for controlled drugs, a handwashing fixture, and a work counter with a minimum of 6 square feet (0.56 m2) of work surface. If a self-contained medicine dispensing unit is utilized, it may be located at the nurses’ station, in the clean utility room, in an alcove, or in other spaces convenient for staff control provided the area occupied by the unit does not encroach upon required minimum areas. The dispensing unit may be used in a medicine preparation room as locked storage for controlled drugs within the minimum area of 50 square feet (4.65 m2), however, the standard “cup sinks” provided in many self-contained units shall not be a substitute for the required handwashing fixture. If there is no linen storage in the clean utility room, medicine preparation may be part of the clean utility room in which case an additional 20 square feet (1.8 m2) dedicated for this purpose shall be required. A refrigerator shall also be required if medicine preparation is included in this room. Non-controlled prescription drugs may be stored inside the resident’s sleeping room or toilet room if they are secured inside of an automatic closing and automatic locking dispensing unit that is secured in place.
An equipment storage room(s) shall be provided for storage of resident unit equipment. The minimum area required shall be equal to 2 square feet (0.19 m2) for each patient with no room being less than 20 square feet (1.86 m2) in area.
A housekeeping room(s) shall be provided for storage and use of housekeeping supplies and equipment.
A clean linen storage room, closet, or area shall be provided. This area may be located within the clean utility or clean holding room and shall be large enough to accommodate the storage of linen carts.
A nourishment room or area for serving nourishments between meals shall be provided and shall contain a work counter, refrigerator, storage cabinets, and sink. Ice for patients’ consumption shall be provided by an icemaker unit that may serve more than one nourishment station if the nourishment stations are in close proximity to each other. Where the icemaker unit is accessible to patients or the public, it shall be a self-dispensing type. The nourishment room shall include space for trays and dishes used for nonscheduled meal service. A handwashing fixture shall be in or immediately accessible from the nourishment room.
Resident bathing facilities shall be provided with a minimum of one bathtub or one hydro tub per resident unit, or one shower for every 20 patients and for each major fraction thereof not otherwise served by bathing facilities in resident rooms. When centralized bathing is provided, patients shall have access to at least one bathing room per floor or unit sized to permit assisted bathing in a tub or shower in that resident unit. The bathtub in this room shall be accessible to patients in wheelchairs and the shower shall accommodate a shower chair. Other tubs or showers shall be in individual rooms or curtained enclosures with space for private use of the bathing fixture, for drying and dressing, and access to a grooming location containing a sink, mirror, and counter or shelf. A separate private toilet shall be provided that is directly accessible to each multi-bathing fixture central bathing area without requiring entry into the general corridor. This toilet may also serve as a toilet training facility. This centralized bathing area shall comply with Chapter 11B of this code.
Dining, lounges, and recreation and social areas for patients shall be provided in each resident unit. The total area of these spaces shall be a minimum of 35 square feet (3.25 m2) per patient with a minimum total area of 225 square feet (20.90 m2). At least 20 square feet (1.86 m2) per patient shall be available for dining. Storage for supplies and equipment shall be provided in the recreation area.
Outdoor area(s) shall be provided for the use of all patients and shall include walking paths of durable materials, benches, shaded areas, and visual focusing element(s) such as landscaping, sculpture(s), or fountain(s). Security fencing if used shall be of a residential design and provide some visual connection to the exterior of the secured area. If an exterior visual connection is not possible or desirable, then the interior of the outside area shall be landscaped to be visually interesting.
Storage for supplies, patient needs, and recreation shall be provided. The minimum required area shall be 5 square feet (0.46 m2) per bed up to 600 square feet (55.74 m2).
A resident dietary area shall be provided in the resident unit for the use of staff, patients, and family. The resident dietary area may include cooking equipment, counter tops, kitchen sink, and storage areas. This dietary area is in addition to the dietetic service space requirements in Section 1225.4.2.
Food preparation spaces in the resident dietary area in a small house skilled nursing facility shall be designed to accommodate the method of food preparation required. The California Department of Public Health, Licensing and Certification shall review proposed food services spaces at a preliminary stage of plan review.
When provided, the resident dietary area in a small house skilled nursing facility shall have a commercial ware-washing space meeting the requirements for the care model used. This space shall be designed to prevent cross contamination by providing area for receiving, scraping, sorting, and stacking soiled tableware and for transferring clean tableware to point-of-use areas.
- Ice-making equipment shall be accessible to residents and visitors
- Ice-making equipment shall be located, designed, and installed to minimize noise.
- Ice-making equipment shall be permitted to serve more than one food area within resident kitchen facilities.
If provided, the barber/beauty room shall be a minimum of 120 square feet (11.15 m2) with the least dimension of 10 feet (3.05 m).
If provided, resident laundry facilities including washing and drying equipment may be provided for staff, family, or individual patient use for the laundering of patient’s personal items. If provided they shall be readily accessible from each resident unit without requiring the user to enter another resident unit or floor, and may be shared between two resident units. These resident laundry facilities may utilize residential laundry equipment. Each resident laundry area shall contain a handwashing fixture.
Staff lounge area(s) shall be provided. It may be shared by multiple resident units if the lounge is located so it is accessible without requiring the user to enter into or through any other resident unit.
Lockable closets, drawers, or compartments shall be provided on the resident unit for staff and may be located in the lounge for safe-keeping of staff’s personal effects.
Staff toilet rooms shall be readily accessible to each resident unit.
At least one multipurpose room per skilled nursing facility shall be provided for conferences, meetings, and health education purposes, and shall accommodate the use of visual aids. This room shall have a minimum area of 120 square feet (11.15 m2).
Conference or consultation room for patient and family use shall be provided and may be shared by more than two resident units if it is centrally located to each.
Waiting areas and access to optional services for outpatients shall accommodate the following:
If x-ray examinations are to be performed on outpatients, outpatient access to the radiological spaces shall not traverse a nursing unit.
Office space for privacy in interviewing, telephoning, and conferences shall be provided.
A special treatment program service providing therapeutic services to an identified mentally disordered population group shall be located in a distinct separate unit of the facility.
Shall be designated for the special treatment program.