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1804.2.1 Nominally Unsatisfactory Bearing Material
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Organic silts, organic clays, peats, soft clays, loose granular soils, loose silts, and varved silts shall be considered nominally unsatisfactory bearing material. The allowable bearing pressure shall be determined independently of Table 1804.1 subject to the following:
- For varved silts, the soil bearing pressure produced by the proposed building shall not exceed 2 tons per square foot (192 kPa), except that for desiccated or over consolidated soils, higher bearing pressures are allowed subject to approval by the commissioner.
- For organic silts or clays, peats, soft clays, loose granular soils, or loose silts, the engineer responsible for the geotechnical investigation shall establish the allowable soil bearing pressure based upon the soil's specific engineering properties. This may require that the soils be preconsolidated, artificially treated or compacted.
- A report prepared, signed and sealed by the engineer is required to be filed with the department to substantiate the design soil pressures to be used on soil materials and shall contain, at a minimum:
- Sufficient laboratory test data on the compressible material to indicate the soil strength and the preconsolidation pressure, coefficient of consolidation, coefficient of compressibility, permeability, secondary compression characteristics, and Atterberg limits.
- Where the design contemplates improvement of the natural bearing capacity and/or reduction in settlements by virtue of preloading, cross sections showing the amount of fill and surcharge to be placed, design details showing the required time for surcharging, and computations showing the amount of settlement to be expected during surcharging and the estimated amount and rate of settlement expected to occur after the structure has been completed, including the influence of dead and live loads of the structure.
- A detailed analysis showing that the anticipated future settlement will not adversely affect the performance of the structure.
- Where strip drains, sand drains, or stone columns are to be used, computations showing the diameter, spacing, and anticipated method of installation of such drains.
- Records of settlement plate elevations and pore pressure readings, before, during, and after surcharging.
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