// CODE SNIPPET
1910.180(h)(3) Moving the Load
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The employer shall assure that:
The crane is level and where necessary blocked properly.
The load is well secured and properly balanced in the sling or lifting device before it is lifted more than a few inches.
During hoisting care shall be taken that:
There is no sudden acceleration or deceleration of the moving load.
The load does not contact any obstructions.
Side loading of booms shall be limited to freely suspended loads. Cranes shall not be used for dragging loads sideways.
Outriggers shall be used when the load to be handled at that particular radius exceeds the rated load without outriggers as given by the manufacturer for that crane. Where floats are used they shall be securely attached to the outriggers. Wood blocks used to support outriggers shall:
Be strong enough to prevent crushing.
Be free from defects.
Be of sufficient width and length to prevent shifting or toppling under load.
No hoisting, lowering, swinging, or traveling shall be done while anyone is on the load or hook.
The operator should avoid carrying loads over people.
On truck-mounted cranes, no loads shall be lifted over the front area except as approved by the crane manufacturer.
The operator shall test the brakes each time a load approaching the rated load is handled by raising it a few inches and applying the brakes.
Neither the load nor the boom shall be lowered below the point where less than two full wraps of rope remain on their respective drums.
Before lifting loads with locomotive cranes without using outriggers, means shall be applied to prevent the load from being carried by the truck springs.
When two or more cranes are used to lift one load, one designated person shall be responsible for the operation. He shall be required to analyze the operation and instruct all personnel involved in the proper positioning, rigging of the load, and the movements to be made.
The boom shall be carried in line with the direction of motion.
The superstructure shall be secured against rotation, except when negotiating turns when there is an operator in the cab or the boom is supported on a dolly.
The empty hook shall be lashed or otherwise restrained so that it cannot swing freely.
In transit the following additional precautions shall be exercised:
Before traveling a crane with load, a designated person shall be responsible for determining and controlling safety. Decisions such as position of load, boom location, ground support, travel route, and speed of movement shall be in accord with his determinations.
While a winch head is being used, the operator shall be within convenient reach of the power unit control lever.
A crane with or without load shall not be traveled with the boom so high that it may bounce back over the cab.
When rotating the crane, sudden starts and stops shall be avoided. Rotational speed shall be such that the load does not swing out beyond the radii at which it can be controlled. A tag or restraint line shall be used when rotation of the load is hazardous.
When a crane is to be operated at a fixed radius, the boom-hoist pawl or other positive locking device shall be engaged.
Ropes shall not be handled on a winch head without the knowledge of the operator.
Before starting to hoist, the following conditions shall be noted:
Hoist rope shall not be kinked.
Multiple part lines shall not be twisted around each other.
The hook shall be brought over the load in such a manner as to prevent swinging.