// CODE SNIPPET
Section 3320 Material Handling Equipment
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Material handling equipment shall meet and be used in accordance with the requirements of this section.
Material handling equipment shall be installed, operated, and maintained to eliminate hazard to the public or to property. It shall be unlawful to operate any such equipment that is not provided with a positive means for preventing the unauthorized operation of such machine. The means whereby such machines may be made inoperative shall be acceptable to the commissioner.
Only operators designated by the person causing such machinery to be used shall operate material handling machinery. Operators and signalmen/signalwoman shall be experienced at the operation they perform. The operator shall be responsible for making the machine inoperative before he or she leaves the machine.
Loading of material handling equipment shall be conducted in accordance with the following requirements:
- Material handling equipment shall not be loaded in excess of the rated load specified by the manufacturer. When necessary, manufacturer load ratings shall be reduced to take into account effects of wind, ground condition and operating speed.
- Rated load capacities and required charts shall be conspicuously posted on all material handling equipment or on the job site and shall be available to the commissioner at all times.
- All loads shall be properly trimmed to prevent the dislodgment of any part during raising, lowering, swinging or transit.
- Suspended loads shall be securely slung and properly balanced before they are set in motion.
Refueling of material handling equipment shall be conducted in accordance with the following requirements:
- The engine shall be stopped during refueling, except as otherwise provided in rules promulgated by the commissioner.
- Open lights, flames, or spark-producing devices shall be kept at a safe distance while refueling an internal combustion engine.
- No person shall smoke or carry lighted smoking material in the immediate vicinity of the refueling area.
- "No smoking" signs shall be conspicuously posted in all fueling or fuel storage areas.
- Fuel shall be kept in containers that meet the requirements of the Fire Department.
- All other requirements of the Fire Department shall be satisfied.
The owner or person directly in charge of any material handling equipment shall immediately notify the commissioner following any accident involving material handling equipment. In such a case, no person shall permit either of the following without the permission of the commissioner:
Walkways along belt conveyors or bucket conveyors shall be kept free of materials and, where 5 feet (127 mm) or more above the ground, shall be provided with a standard guardrail and standard toeboard that meets the requirements of Section 3307.8 along the outside of the walkway. The standard guardrail and standard toeboard may be omitted on the side toward the belt if the walkway is located adjacent to the conveyor.
Where trippers are used to control discharge, a device for throwing the belt or bucket drive into neutral shall be installed at each end of the runway.
Where conveyor belts cross any traveled way, trays shall be installed to catch spillage and overhead protection shall be provided for persons or traffic passing beneath.
All parts and accessories of trucks shall be kept in repair. Brakes shall be maintained so that the vehicle with full load may be held on any grade that may be encountered on the job. Provision shall be made for the immediate application of wheel blocks to trucks traversing ramps steeper than one in ten.
Trucks shall not be loaded beyond the manufacturer's rated capacity, nor beyond the legal load limit, where applicable. The loads shall be trimmed before the truck is set in motion to prevent spillage. Loads that project beyond the sides of the truck, or that may be dislodged in transit, shall be removed or securely lashed in place.
Employers and workers shall have the following responsibilities regarding power buggies:
- Every person causing a power buggy to be used shall provide trained and competent operators and shall carry out or enforce all provisions of this section pertaining to the use, operation and maintenance thereof.
- No person other than the operator assigned by the employer shall operate a power buggy. A power buggy shall be in the charge and custody of the operator assigned, and no other person shall in any way interfere with or handle it, nor shall the operator cause or permit any other person to do so.
- No power buggy shall be operated unless it is in good operating condition and is so constructed that it is stable under conditions of normal use.
Every power buggy shall be provided with brakes and tire surfaces capable of bringing it to a full stop within 25 feet (635 mm) on a level surface that is similar to the one on which it will be used and at full rated load and maximum design speed. Brakes shall be capable of being fixed in engagement to hold the full load stationary on a 25 percent grade.
All movement controls of every power buggy shall be so arranged or shielded that they cannot be inadvertently engaged or the buggy accidentally set in motion.
A metal plate with readily legible etched or stamped figures giving the capacity rating in pounds shall be attached to every lift or fork truck.
No lift or fork truck shall be loaded beyond its capacity rating. No hand-operated pallet truck loaded so that any point on the load is at a greater height than 4 feet 6 inches (114 mm) above the floor shall be moved by pushing unless handled by two persons.
No lift or fork truck shall be in motion when the loaded forks are elevated higher than necessary to clear obstructions, except as may be required for positioning, picking up, or depositing the load.
Where the public may have access to the working area near charging skips, standard guardrails that meet the requirements of Section 3307.8 shall be erected to enclose the area under the raised skip and the mixing machine. Each time before raising or lowering the charging skip, the operator shall ascertain that no one is in the danger zone.
The rated capacity of every jack shall be legibly marked in a prominent location on the jack by casting or stamping. The manufacturer shall designate the intended supporting point of the load and the maximum permissible length of lever and force applied.
Every jack shall, where practicable, be provided with a positive stop to prevent overtravel; otherwise an indicator to clearly show overtravel shall be provided on the jack.
Lubrication and operation of jacks shall be in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturer.
When the object has been lifted to the desired height, blocking or cribbing shall be immediately placed under it if the jack does not have built-in safety devices such as stop-rings, locknuts or place-in cylinder sleeves.