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66.17.15 Management of Operations Hazards
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This section shall apply to the management methodology used to identify, evaluate, and control the hazards involved in processing and handling of flammable and combustible liquids. These hazards include, but are not limited to, preparation; separation; purification; and change of state, energy content, or composition. [30:17.15.1]
Operations involving flammable and combustible liquids shall be reviewed to ensure that fire and explosion hazards resulting from loss of containment of liquids are provided with corresponding fire prevention and emergency action plans.
The extent of fire prevention and control that is provided shall be determined by means of an engineering evaluation of the operation and application of sound fire protection and process engineering principles. This evaluation shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
- Analysis of the fire and explosion hazards of the operation
- Analysis of emergency relief from process vessels, taking into consideration the properties of the materials used and the fire-protection and control measures taken
- Analysis of applicable facility design requirements in 66.17.3 through 66.17.4
- Analysis of applicable requirements in Sections 66.18, 66.19, 66.28, and 66.29 for liquid handling, transfer, and use
- Analysis of local conditions, such as exposure to and from adjacent properties and exposure to floods, earthquakes, and windstorms
- Analysis of the emergency response capabilities of the local emergency services
A written emergency action plan that is consistent with available equipment and personnel shall be established to respond to fires and related emergencies. This plan shall include the following:
- Procedures to be followed in case of fire or release of liquids or vapors, such as sounding the alarm, notifying the fire department, evacuating personnel, and controlling and extinguishing the fire
- Procedures and schedules for conducting drills of these procedures
- Appointment and training of personnel to carry out assigned duties, which shall be reviewed at the time of initial assignment, as responsibilities or response actions change, and whenever anticipated duties change
- Procedures for maintenance of the following:
- Procedures for shutting down or isolating equipment to reduce, control, or stop the release of liquid or vapors, including assigning personnel responsible for maintaining critical plant functions or shutdown of plant processes and safe startup following isolation or shutdown
- Alternate measures for the safety of occupants
The fire hazards management review conducted in accordance with 18.104.22.168 shall be repeated whenever the hazards leading to a fire or explosion change significantly. Conditions that might require repeating a review shall include, but are not limited to, the following:
- When changes occur in the materials in process
- When changes occur in process equipment
- When changes occur in process control
- When changes occur in operating procedures or assignments
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