Stakes and chocks which trip shall be constructed in such manner that the tripping mechanism that releases the stake or chocks is activated at the opposite side of the load being tripped.
Binders on logs shall not be released prior to securing with unloading lines or other unloading device.
Binders shall be released only from the side on which the unloader operates, except when released by remote control devices or except when person making release is protected by racks or stanchions or other equivalent means.
Loads on which a binder is fouled by the unloading machine shall have an extra binder or metal band of equal strength placed around the load, or the load shall be otherwise secured so the fouled binder can be safely removed.
Machines used for hoisting, unloading, or lowering logs shall be equipped with brakes capable of controlling or holding the maximum load in midair.
The lifting cylinders of all hydraulically operated log handling machines shall be equipped with a positive device for preventing the uncontrolled lowering of the load or forks in case of a failure in the hydraulic system.
A limit switch shall be installed on powered log handling machines to prevent the lift arms from traveling too far in the event the control switch is not released in time.
When forklift-type machines are used to load trailers, a means of securing the loading attachment to the fork shall be installed and used.
A-frames and similar log unloading devices shall have adequate height to provide safe clearance for swinging loads and to provide for adequate crotch lines and spreader bar devices.
Log handling machines used to stack logs or lift loads above operator's head shall be equipped with adequate overhead protection.
All mobile log handling machines shall be equipped with headlights and backup lights.
Unloading devices shall be equipped with a horn or other plainly audible signaling device.
Movement of unloading equipment shall be coordinated by audible or hand signals when operator's vision is impaired or operating in the vicinity of other employees.
Wood pike poles shall be made of straight-grained, select material. Metal or conductive pike poles shall not be used around exposed energized electrical conductors. Defective, blunt, or dull pike poles shall not be used.
Log dumps, booms, ponds, or storage areas used at night shall be illuminated in accordance with the requirements of American National Standard A11.1-1965 (R-1970) Standard Practice for Industrial Lighting, which is incorporated by reference as specified in §1910.6.
Log unloading areas shall be arranged and maintained to provide a safe working area.
Where skids are used, space adequate to clear a man's body shall be maintained between the top of the skids and the ground.
Signs prohibiting unauthorized foot or vehicle traffic in log unloading and storage areas shall be posted.
Walkways and floats shall be installed and securely anchored to provide adequate passageway for employees.
All regular boom sticks and foot logs shall be reasonably straight, with no protruding knots and bark, and shall be capable of supporting, above the water line at either end, the weight of an employee and equipment.
Permanent cable swifters shall be so arranged that it will not be necessary to roll boom sticks in order to attach or detach them.
Periodic inspection of cable or dogging lines shall be made to determine when repair or removal from service is necessary.
The banks of the log pond in the vicinity of the log haul shall be reinforced to prevent caving in.
Artificial log ponds shall be drained, cleaned, and refilled when unhealthy stagnation or pollution occurs.
Employees whose duties require them to work from boats, floating logs, boom sticks, or walkways along or on water shall be provided with and shall wear appropriate buoyant devices while performing such duties.
Stiff booms shall be two float logs wide secured by boom chains or other connecting devices, and of a width adequate for the working needs. Walking surfaces shall be free of loose material and maintained in good repair.
Boom sticks shall be fastened together with adequate crossties or couplings.
Floating donkeys or other power-driven machinery used on booms shall be placed on a raft or float with enough buoyancy to keep the deck well above water.
All sorting gaps shall have a substantial stiff boom on each side.
The applicable provisions of the Standard for Fire Protection for Motorcraft, NFPA No. 302—1968, which is incorporated by reference as specified in §1910.6, shall be complied with.
Decks of pond boats shall be covered with nonslip material.
Powered pond boats or rafts shall be provided with at least one approved fire extinguisher, and one lifering with line attached.
Boat fuel shall be transported and stored in approved safety containers. Refer to §1910.155(c)(3) for definition of approved.
Inspection, maintenance, and ventilation of the bilge area shall be provided to prevent accumulation of highly combustible materials.
Adequate ventilation shall be provided for the cabin area on enclosed cabin-type boats to prevent accumulation of harmful gases or vapors.
Dry deck storage areas shall be kept orderly and shall be maintained in a condition which is conducive to safe operation of mobile equipment.
Logs shall be stored in a safe and orderly manner, and roadways and traffic lanes shall be maintained at a width adequate for safe travel of log handling equipment.
Logs shall be arranged to minimize the chance of accidentally rolling from the deck.
Walkways along log hauls shall have a standard handrail on the outer edge, and cleats or other means to assure adequate footing and enable employees to walk clear of the log chute.
Log haul bull chains or cable shall be designed, installed, and maintained to provide adequate safety for the work need.
Log haul gear and bull chain drive mechanism shall be guarded.
Substantial troughs for the return strand of log haul chains shall be provided over passageways.
Log haul controls shall be located and identified to operate from a position where the operator will, at all times, be in the clear of logs, machinery, lines, and rigging. In operations where control is by lever exposed to incoming logs, the lever shall be arranged to operate the log haul only when moved toward the log slip or toward the log pond.
A positive stop shall be installed on all log hauls to prevent logs from traveling too far ahead in the mill.
Overhead protection shall be provided for employees working below logs being moved to the log deck.
Log wells shall be provided with safeguards to minimize the possibility of logs rolling back into well from log deck.
Ungrounded electrically powered hoists using handheld remote control in grounded locations, such as log dumps or mill log lifts, shall be actuated by circuits operating at less than 50 volts to ground.
Roadbeds at log dumps shall be of sufficient width and evenness to insure safe operation of equipment.
An adequate brow log or skid timbers or the equivalent shall be provided where necessary. Railroad-type dumps, when located where logs are dumped directly into water or where entire loads are lifted from vehicle, may be exempted providing such practice does not create a hazardous exposure of personnel or equipment.
Unloading lines shall be arranged so that it is not necessary for the employees to attach them from the pond or dump side of the load except when entire loads are lifted from the log-transporting vehicle.
Unloading lines, crotch lines, or equally effective means shall be arranged and used in a manner to minimize the possibility of any log from swinging or rolling back.
When logs are unloaded with peavys or similar manual methods, means shall be provided and used that will minimize the danger from rolling or swinging logs.
Guardrails, walkways, and standard handrails shall be installed
Approved life rings (see: 46 CFR 160.099 and 46 CFR 160.050) with line attached and maintained to retain buoyancy shall be provided.
Safe access to the head rig shall be provided.
A barricade or other positive stop of sufficient strength to stop any log shall be erected between the sawyer's stand and the log deck.
Loose chains from overhead canting devices or other equipment shall not be allowed to hang over the log deck in such manner as to strike employees.
Swing saws on log decks shall be equipped with a barricade and stops for protection of employees who may be on the opposite side of the log haul chute.
Where reciprocating log cutoff saws (drag saws) are provided, they shall not project into walkway or aisle.
Circular log bucking or cutoff saws shall be so located and guarded as to allow safe entrance to and exit from the building.
Where the cutoff saw partially blocks the entrance from the log haul runway, the entrance shall be guarded.
Log decks shall be provided with adequate stops, chains, or other safeguards to prevent logs from rolling down the deck onto the carriage or its runway.
Rotary barking devices shall be so guarded as to protect employees from flying chips, bark, or other extraneous material.
The hazardous area around ring barkers and their conveyors shall be fenced off or posted as a prohibited area for unauthorized persons.
Hydraulic barkers shall be enclosed with strong baffles at the inlet and outlet. The operator shall be protected by adequate safety glass or equivalent.
Holddown rolls shall be installed at the infeed and outfeed sections of mechanical ring barkers to control the movement of logs.
If an elevating ramp or gate is used, it shall be provided with a safety chain, hook, or other means of suspension while employees are underneath.