C405.2 Lighting Controls (Mandatory)
Exceptions: Lighting controls are not required for the following:
- Areas designated as security or emergency areas that are required to be continuously lighted.
- Interior exit stairways, interior exit ramps and exit passageways.
- Emergency egress lighting that is normally off.
Occupant sensor controls shall be installed to control lights in the following space types:
- Classrooms/lecture/training rooms.
- Conference/meeting/multipurpose rooms.
- Copy/print rooms.
- Employee lunch and break rooms.
- Private offices.
- Storage rooms.
- Janitorial closets.
- Locker rooms.
- Other spaces 300 square feet (28 m2) or less that are enclosed by floor-to-ceiling height partitions.
Each space provided with time-switch controls shall also be provided with a manual control for light reduction in accordance with Section C405.2.2.2. Time-switch controls shall include an override switching device that complies with the following:
- Have a minimum 7-day clock.
- Be capable of being set for seven different day types per week.
- Incorporate an automatic holiday "shutoff" feature, which turns off all controlled lighting loads for at least 24 hours and then resumes normally scheduled operations.
- Have program backup capabilities, which prevent the loss of program and time settings for at least 10 hours, if power is interrupted.
- 5.1. The override switch shall be a manual control.
- 5.2. The override switch, when initiated, shall permit the controlled lighting to remain on for not more than 2 hours.
- 5.3. Any individual override switch shall control the lighting for an area not larger than 5,000 square feet (465 m2).
- 1.1. The time limit shall be permitted to be greater than 2 hours, provided that the override switch is a captive key device.
- 1.2. The area controlled by the override switch is permitted to be greater than 5,000 square feet (465 m2), but shall not be greater than 20,000 square feet (1860 m2).
- 2.1. Spaces that have only one luminaire with a rated power of less than 100 watts.
- 2.2. Spaces that use less than 0.6 watts per square foot (6.5 W/m2).
- 2.3. Corridors, equipment rooms, public lobbies, electrical or mechanical rooms.
Spaces required to have light-reduction controls shall have a manual control that allows the occupant to reduce the connected lighting load in a reasonably uniform illumination pattern by at least 50 percent. Lighting reduction shall be achieved by one of the following or another approved method:
- Controlling all lamps or luminaires.
- Dual switching of alternate rows of luminaires, alternate luminaires or alternate lamps.
- Switching the middle lamp luminaires independently of the outer lamps.
- Switching each luminaire or each lamp.
- Spaces with a total of more than 150 watts of general lighting within sidelight daylight zones complying with Section C405.2.3.2. General lighting does not include lighting that is required to have specific application control in accordance with Section C405.2.4.
- Spaces with a total of more than 150 watts of general lighting within toplight daylight zones complying with Section C405.2.3.3.
Exceptions: Daylight responsive controls are not required for the following:
Where required, daylight-responsive controls shall be provided within each space for control of lights in that space and shall comply with all of the following:
- Lights in toplight daylight zones in accordance with Section C405.2.3.3 shall be controlled independently of lights in sidelight daylight zones in accordance with Section C405.2.3.2.
- Daylight responsive controls within each space shall be configured so that they can be calibrated from within that space by authorized personnel.
- Calibration mechanisms shall be readily accessible.
- Where located in offices, classrooms, laboratories and library reading rooms, daylight responsive controls shall dim lights continuously from full light output to 15 percent of full light output or lower.
- Daylight responsive controls shall be capable of a complete shutoff of all controlled lights.
- Lights in sidelight daylight zones in accordance with Section C405.2.3.2 facing different cardinal orientations [i.e., within 45 degrees (0.79 rad) of due north, east, south, west] shall be controlled independently of each other.
Exception: Up to 150 watts of lighting in each space is permitted to be controlled together with lighting in a daylight zone facing a different cardinal orientation.
- Where the fenestration is located in a wall, the daylight zone shall extend laterally to the nearest full-height wall, or up to 1.0 times the height from the floor to the top of the fenestration, and longitudinally from the edge of the fenestration to the nearest full-height wall, or up to 2 feet (610 mm), whichever is less, as indicated in Figure C405.2.3.2(1).
- Where the fenestration is located in a rooftop monitor, the daylight zone shall extend laterally to the nearest obstruction that is taller than 0.7 times the ceiling height, or up to 1.0 times the height from the floor to the bottom of the fenestration, whichever is less, and longitudinally from the edge of the fenestration to the nearest obstruction that is taller than 0.7 times the ceiling height, or up to 0.25 times the height from the floor to the bottom of the fenestration, whichever is less, as indicated in Figures C405.2.3.2(2) and C405.2.3.2(3).
- The area of the fenestration is not less than 24 square feet (2.23 m2).
- The distance from the fenestration to any building or geological formation which would block access to daylight is greater than the height from the bottom of the fenestration to the top of the building or geologic formation.
- Where located in existing buildings, the visible transmittance of the fenestration is not less than 0.20.
- The daylight zone shall extend laterally and longitudinally beyond the edge of the roof fenestration assembly to the nearest obstruction that is taller than 0.7 times the ceiling height, or up to 0.7 times the ceiling height, whichever is less, as indicated in Figure C405.2.3.3.
- No building or geological formation blocks direct sunlight from hitting the roof fenestration assembly at the peak solar angle on the summer solstice.
- Where located in existing buildings, the product of the visible transmittance of the roof fenestration assembly and the area of the rough opening of the roof fenestration assembly divided by the area of the daylight zone is not less than 0.008.
- Display and accent light shall be controlled by a dedicated control that is independent of the controls for other lighting within the room or space.
- Lighting in cases used for display case purposes shall be controlled by a dedicated control that is independent of the controls for other lighting within the room or space.
- Hotel and motel sleeping units and guest suites shall have a master control device that is capable of automatically switching off all installed luminaires and switched receptacles within 20 minutes after all occupants leave the room.
Exception: Lighting and switched receptacles controlled by captive key systems.
- Supplemental task lighting, including permanently installed under-shelf or under-cabinet lighting, shall have a control device integral to the luminaires or be controlled by a wall-mounted control device provided that the control device is readily accessible.
- Lighting for nonvisual applications, such as plant growth and food warming, shall be controlled by a dedicated control that is independent of the controls for other lighting within the room or space.
- Lighting equipment that is for sale or for demonstrations in lighting education shall be controlled by a dedicated control that is independent of the controls for other lighting within the room or space.
Lighting for exterior applications other than emergency lighting that is intended to be automatically off during building operation, lighting specifically required to meet health and life safety requirements or decorative gas lighting systems shall:
- Be provided with a control that automatically turns off the lighting as a function of available daylight.
- Where lighting the building façade or landscape, the lighting shall have controls that automatically shut off the lighting as a function of dawn/dusk and a set opening and closing time.
- Where not covered in Item 2, the lighting shall have controls configured to automatically reduce the connected lighting power by not less than 30 percent from not later than midnight to 6 a.m., from one hour after business closing to one hour before business opening or during any period when activity has not been detected for a time of longer than 15 minutes.
All time switches shall be able to retain programming and the time setting during loss of power for a period of at least 10 hours.
Exception: Lighting for covered vehicle entrances or exits from buildings or parking structures where required for safety, security or eye adaptation.