Where trapping of liquid with subsequent hydrostatic expansion is capable of occurring automatically during normal operation or during standby, shipping, or power failure, engineering controls shall be used that are capable of preventing the pressure from exceeding the design pressure. Acceptable engineering controls include but are not limited to the following:
- Pressure relief device to relieve hydrostatic pressure to another part of the system.
- Reseating pressure relief valve to relieve the hydrostatic pressure to an approved treatment system. [ASHRAE 15:188.8.131.52]
Where trapping of liquid with subsequent hydrostatic expansion is capable of occurring only during maintenance-i.e., when personnel are performing maintenance tasks-either engineering or administrative controls shall be used to relieve or prevent the hydrostatic overpressure. [ASHRAE 15:184.108.40.206]