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Section 405 Hotels, Motels and Other Transient Residential Occupancies

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405.1 General
Group R-1 buildings and occupancies, including any hotel, motel, boarding house, hostel and single room occupancy, shall comply with the emergency preparedness requirements set forth in FC 401, 405.2, 405.3, 405.5 and 416.

Exceptions:
  1. Homeless shelters and emergency shelters, which shall comply with FC 401, 405.4, 405.5 and 416.
  2. Dormitories operated by or affiliated with educational institutions, which shall comply with the requirements of FC 401, 410 and 416.
405.2 Emergency Preparedness in Transient Residential Buildings and Occupancies With Comprehensive Fire Safety/Emergency Action Plans
Group R-1 residential buildings and occupancies required by FC405.2.1 to have a comprehensive fire safety and emergency action plan shall comply with the emergency preparedness requirements of this section.
405.2.1 Comprehensive Fire Safety/Emergency Action Plan (Level 1)
A comprehensive fire safety and emergency action plan in accordance with FC401.4 shall be prepared for:
  1. a high-rise Group R-1 residential building, including hotels and club houses providing similar accommodation.
  2. a Group R-1 residential building or occupancy with a total of more than fifty sleeping rooms above street level, or communal sleeping facilities above street level occupied or designed to be occupied by a total of more than fifty lodgers, and which is provided with voice communication capability.
405.2.2 Fire and Life Safety Staff
The comprehensive fire safety and emergency action plan required by FC405.2.1 shall designate FLS staff consisting of an FLS director, deputy FLS directors and a sufficient number of FLS staff members to exercise the authority and perform the duties of their respective FLS assignments. FLS staff shall be provided with initial and refresher FLS staff training in accordance with FC401.4.5.2. FLS staff members shall be trained in the use of portable fire extinguishers.
405.3 Emergency Preparedness in Transient Residential Buildings and Occupancies With Fire and Emergency Preparedness Plans
Group R-1 residential buildings and occupancies required by FC405.3.1 to have a fire and emergency preparedness plan shall comply with the emergency preparedness requirements of this section.
405.3.1 Fire and Emergency Preparedness Plan (Level 2)
A fire and emergency preparedness plan in accordance with FC401.5 shall be prepared for a Group R-1 residential building or occupancy (other than buildings and occupancies subject to FC405.2) with a total of more than thirty sleeping rooms, or more than fifteen sleeping rooms above street level, or communal sleeping facilities occupied or designed to be occupied by a total of more than thirty lodgers, or more than fifteen lodgers above the street level.
405.3.2 Fire and Emergency Preparedness Staff
The commissioner may prescribe by rule that in Group R-1 buildings and occupancies provided with voice communication capability (other than buildings and occupancies subject to FC405.2) there shall be present during regular business hours one or more members of the FEP staff required pursuant to FC401.5.5 who hold a certificate of fitness for emergency announcements and other fire safety duties.
Exception: Any Group R-1 residential building or occupancy with staged evacuation that was required by the New York City Fire Prevention Code or this code prior to the effective date of this section to have a fire safety director present in the building during regular business hours shall retain such staffing.
405.4 Emergency Preparedness in Homeless Shelters and Emergency Shelters
Group R-1 residential buildings or occupancies operated or occupied as a homeless shelter, and any emergency shelter, shall comply with the emergency preparedness requirements of this section.
405.4.1 Comprehensive Fire Safety/Emergency Action Plan (Level 1)
A comprehensive fire safety and emergency action plan in accordance with FC401.4 shall be prepared for a high-rise Group R-1 or high-rise Group I-1 homeless shelter.
405.4.2 Fire and Life Safety Staff
The comprehensive fire safety and emergency action plan required by FC405.4.1 shall designate fire and life safety staff in accordance with FC405.2.2.
405.4.3 Fire and Emergency Preparedness Plan (Level 2)
A fire and emergency preparedness plan in accordance with FC401.5 shall be prepared for a Group R-1 and Group I-1 building or occupancy operated or occupied as a homeless shelter (other than buildings and occupancies subject to FC405.4.1), and any emergency shelter.
405.4.4 Fire and Emergency Preparedness Staff
The fire and emergency preparedness plan required by FC405.4.3 shall designate an FEP coordinator and a sufficient number of shelter coordinators, with such qualifications, duties and authority as set forth in the rules.
405.4.4.1 FEP Coordinator and Shelter Coordinators
The FEP coordinator and shelter coordinators designated in the fire and emergency preparedness plan shall hold the respective certificates of fitness for said duties, and shall have the following duties and responsibilities and such other duties and responsibilities as prescribed by rule:
  1. The FEP coordinator shall have the duties and responsibilities set forth in FC401.5.
  2. The FEP coordinator or a shelter coordinator shall be present in the building at all times while the building is occupied. When the FEP coordinator is absent, a FEP shelter coordinator shall be present in the building and shall perform the emergency preparedness duties designated in the rules and the fire and emergency preparedness plan.
  3. In the event of a fire, a medical emergency or other non-fire emergency, the FEP coordinator or the shelter coordinator on duty shall report to the fire command center or designated alternative location, and, if appropriate, implement the fire and emergency preparedness plan in accordance with its terms and the provisions of the rules, and notify arriving emergency response personnel and incident commander of the fire or non-fire emergency, the building response thereto, and the building's fire protection systems.
  4. The FEP coordinator and shelter coordinators designated in the FEP plan shall be fully familiar with the provisions of the fire and emergency preparedness plan. The FEP coordinator shall conduct staff training and fire and non-fire emergency drills required by FC401.
405.4.5 Fire Guard Patrols in Emergency Shelters
Buildings or parts thereof occupied or operated to be occupied by emergency shelters shall be continuously patrolled by a fire guard. Every area of the building shall be patrolled at least once every hour.
405.5 Fire and Emergency Notice
There shall be posted on or immediately adjacent to the main entrance door of guest rooms in Group R-1 buildings and occupancies and any emergency shelter a notice that provides the following information and guidance to building occupants, and/or such other information as the commissioner may prescribe by rule:
  1. A visual representation of the location to each exit stairwell, the route thereto, and the number of doors opening onto the public corridor that must be passed to reach each such stairwell.
  2. Location of manual fire alarm boxes.
  3. A written description and/or visual representation of the procedures to be followed in the event of a fire, smoke condition or other emergency.

Related Code Sections

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Appendix A Selected Rules of the Department of Buildings [PDF] (page 42)
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