// CODE SNIPPET
7-119 Functional Program
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- Functional program requirement. The owner or legal entity responsible for the outcome of the proposed health care facility design and construction project shall be responsible for providing a functional program to the project's architect/engineer and to the Office. The requirement applies to all scopes and disciplines of the project that affect patient care directly or indirectly, by means of new construction, additions, or modifications to specific hospital departmental functions which form an integral part of the facility. Projects that only involve equipment replacement, fire safety upgrades, or renovations that will not change the occupancy, function, or use of existing space shall not require a functional program.
- An owner-approved functional program shall be made available for use by the design professional(s) in the development of project design and construction documents, and shall be submitted to the Office, at the time of application for plan review, to serve as a reference for the review of the application documents.
- Revisions to the functional program shall be documented and a final updated version shall be submitted to the Office prior to approval of the construction documents.
- The facility is encouraged to retain the functional program with other design data to facilitate future alterations, additions, and program changes.
- The names for spaces and departments used in the functional program shall be consistent with those used in the California Building Code. If acronyms are used, they should be defined clearly.
- The names and spaces indicated in the functional program shall also be consistent with those used on submitted floor plans.
- The narrative shall describe the services to be provided, expanded, or eliminated by the proposed project.
- The narrative shall describe the intent of the project and how the proposed modifications will address the intent.
- The type of health care facility(ies) proposed for the project shall be identified as defined by the California Building Code.
- Project size in square footage (new construction and renovation) and number of stories shall be provided.
- A description of construction type(s) for the proposed project.
- A description of proposed occupancy(ies) and, if applicable, existing occupancy(ies).
- A description of proposed engineering systems.
- A description of proposed fire protection systems.
- A description of the existing construction type and the construction type for any proposed renovations or additions shall be described.
- A general description of existing engineering systems serving the area of the building affected by the proposed project and how these systems will be modified, extended, augmented, or replaced by the proposed project.
- A general description of existing fire protection systems serving the area of the building affected by the proposed project and how these systems will be modified, extended, augmented, or replaced by the proposed project.
- Purpose of the project. The physical, environmental, or operational factors, or combination thereof, driving the need for the project and how the completed project will address these issues shall be described.
- The department(s) affected by the project shall be identified.
- The services and project components required for the completed project to function as intended shall be described.
- Indirect support functions. The increased (or decreased) demands throughout, workloads, staffing requirements, etc., imposed on support functions affected by the project shall be described. (These functions may or may not reside adjacent to or in the same building or facility with the project.)
- Projected operational use and demand loading for affected departments and/or project components.
- Relevant operational circulation patterns, including staff, family/visitor, and materials movement.
- Departmental operational relationships and required adjacencies
- A description of the delivery of care model, including any unique features.
- A description of the physical elements and key functional relationships necessary to support the intended delivery of care model.
- The physical environment necessary to accommodate facility users and administration of the delivery of care model.
- The physical environment (including travel paths, desired amenities and separation of users and workflow) necessary to create operational efficiencies and facilitate ease of use by patients, families, visitors, staff, and physicians.
- Building infrastructure and systems design criteria. Design criteria for the physical environment necessary to support organizational, technological, and building systems that facilitate the delivery of care model shall be described.
- Light and views — How the use and availability of natural light, illumination, and views are to be considered in the design of the physical environment.
- Control of environment — How, by what means, and to what extent users of the finished project are able to control their environment.
- Privacy and confidentiality — How the privacy and confidentiality of the users of the finished project are to be protected.
- Security — How the safety and security of patients or residents, staff, and visitors shall be addressed in the overall planning of the facility consistent with the functional program.
- Architectural details, surfaces, and furnishing characteristics and criteria.
- Cultural responsiveness — How the project addresses and/or responds to local or regional cultural considerations.
- Views of, and access to, nature.
- The functional program shall contain a list organized by department or other appropriate functional unit that shows each room in the proposed project, indicating its size by gross floor area and clear floor area.
- Fixed and movable medical equipment.
- Furnishings and fixtures.
- Technology provisions.
- Gross floor area for the project shall be aggregated by department, and appropriate multiplying factors shall be applied to reflect circulation and wall thicknesses within the department or functional area. This result shall be referred to as department gross square footage (DGSF).
- DGSF for the project shall be aggregated, and appropriate multiplying factors shall be applied to reflect inter-departmental circulation, exterior wall thickness, engineering spaces, general storage spaces, vertical circulation, and any other areas not included within the intra-department calculations. This result shall be referred to as building gross square footage (BGSF) and shall reflect the overall size of the project.
- Any technology systems integration strategy shall be defined.
- Department and room specific detail for system and device deployment shall be developed.
- Future growth.
- Impact on existing adjacent facilities.
- Impact on existing operations and departments.
- Behavioral and Mental Health Risk Assessment. A Behavioral and Mental Health Risk Assessment shall be prepared for all acute psychiatric hospitals, psychiatric nursing units within general acute-care hospitals, and special treatment program units in skilled nursing facilities. The risk assessment shall include evaluation of the population at risk and the nature and scope of the project, taking into account the model of care and operational considerations, and proposed built environment solutions to mitigate potential risks and hazards.
Informational Note: Behavioral and mental health risk should be determined through simultaneous consideration of the inherent danger of any individual environmental feature because of patient profile and acuity, the anticipated level of staff supervision for each area, and space visibility and supervision. The governing body should develop a detailed assessment of the level of risk for each program area where mental health patients will be served (e.g., emergency department, nursing units). Refer to Appendix Table Al.2-a Safety Risk Assessment Team Member Expertise of the Guidelines for Design and Construction of Hospitals and Outpatient Facilities published by The Facility Guidelines Institute for areas of expertise needed on the behavioral and mental health assessment team. Each area should be evaluated to identify the architectural details, surfaces, and furnishings and exposed mechanical and electrical devices and components to be addressed in the risk assessment. Examples of areas to be included in a mental health risk assessment include the following: Highest Level of Risk
- Seclusion rooms (where patient acuity poses an increased risk).
- Patient bedrooms and toilet rooms (areas where patients spend long periods of time out of direct supervision of the staff).
- Psychiatric emergency department (comprehensive psychiatric emergency program) and area under good supervision but dealing with unpredictable patients under initial evaluation and often under heavy medication.
Moderate Level of Risk
- Activity spaces, group rooms, and treatment spaces (supervised with good visibility).
- Dining rooms and recreation spaces, both indoor and outdoor.
- Corridors (always visible).
Lowest Level of Risk
- Exam rooms, private offices, and conciliation rooms (always supervised).
- Staff and support areas (not accessible by patients).
Other information that could be considered can be found in Patient Safety Standards, Materials and Systems Guidelines published by the New York State Office of Mental Health, and the Design Guide for the Built Environment of Behavioral Health Facilities distributed by The Facility Guidelines Institute.
- The safety risk assessment team shall identify mitigating features for the identified at-risk locations.
- The patient environment shall be designed to protect the privacy, dignity, and health of patients and address the potential risks related to patient elopement; and harm to self, to others, and to the environment.
- The design of behavioral/mental health patient areas shall accommodate the need for clinical and security resources.
Authority: Health and Safety Code Sections 127015 and 129850.
Reference: Health and Safety Code Sections 129675-129998.
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