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The design and installation of liquid motor fuel-dispensing systems shall be in accordance with FC 2306.7.1 through 2306.7.9.2.4. Alcohol-blended motor fuel-dispensing systems shall additionally comply with FC2306.7.10.
2306.7.1 Listed Equipment
Electrical equipment, dispensers, hose, nozzles and submersible or subsurface pumps used in liquid motor fuel storage and dispensing systems shall be listed and approved.
2306.7.2 Fixed Pumps Required
Liquid motor fuel shall be transferred only from the top of the tank by means of fixed pumps designed and equipped to allow control of the flow and prevent leakage or accidental discharge.
2306.7.2.1 Aboveground Tank Dispenser
Only one vehicle may be fueled at a time. Fuel dispensing from a location remote from the tank may be allowed when approved by the commissioner.
2306.7.2.2 Pump Sumps
Pump sumps shall be compatible with the liquid motor fuel, liquid-tight, and accessible for inspection. Prefabricated pump sumps shall be approved.
2306.7.3 Mounting of Dispensers
Dispensing devices, except those installed on top of a protected aboveground tank that qualifies as vehicle-impact resistant, shall be protected against physical damage by mounting on a concrete island 6 inches (152 mm) or more in height, or shall otherwise be suitably protected in accordance with FC312. Dispensing devices shall be installed and securely fastened to their mounting surface in accordance with the dispenser manufacturer's instructions. Dispensing devices installed indoors shall be located in an approved position not in a direct line with vehicular traffic.
2306.7.3.1 Protection of Floor Openings in Indoor Facilities
Openings in floors beneath liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities located indoors shall be sealed.
2306.7.3.2 Dispenser Pans
An approved dispenser pan that is compatible with the liquid motor fuel shall be installed beneath a dispenser. The dispenser pan shall be liquid-tight, accessible for inspection, no larger than necessary, and installed solely for the purpose of collecting any liquid motor fuel leaking from the dispenser. The dispenser pan shall not be used to collect liquid motor fuel discharged from defective piping. The dispenser pan shall be backfilled up to not less than 6 inches (152 mm) above any nonmetallic piping and shall not interfere with the operation of any safety device.
2306.7.4 Dispenser Emergency Valve
An approved automatic emergency shutoff valve designed to close in the event of a fire or impact shall be properly installed in the liquid supply line at the base of each dispenser supplied by a remote pump. The valve shall be installed so that the shear groove is flush with or within 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) of the top of the concrete dispenser island and there is clearance provided for maintenance purposes around the valve body and operating parts. The valve shall be installed at the liquid supply line inlet of each overhead-type dispenser. Where installed, a vapor return line located inside the dispenser housing shall have a shear section or approved flexible connector for the liquid supply line emergency shutoff valve to function. Emergency shutoff valves shall be installed and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, tested at the time of initial installation and tested at least yearly thereafter in accordance with FC2305.2.2.
2306.7.5 Dispenser Hose
Dispenser hoses shall be a maximum of 18 feet (5486 mm) in length unless otherwise approved. Dispenser hoses shall be listed and approved. When not in use, hoses shall be reeled, racked or otherwise protected from damage. The length of the dispensing hose shall be such that at least 1 inch (25 mm) clearance between the hose and the ground is maintained when the nozzle is rested on its bracket. Dispensing hoses installed at aviation facilities, marine liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities, and fleet liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be of an approved length.
2306.7.5.1 Breakaway Devices
Dispenser hoses shall be equipped with a listed emergency breakaway device designed to retain liquid on both sides of a breakaway point. Such devices shall be installed and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Where hoses are attached to hose-retrieving mechanisms, the emergency breakaway device shall be located between the hose nozzle and the point of attachment of the hose-retrieval mechanism to the hose.
2306.7.6 Fuel Delivery Nozzles
A listed automatic-closing-type hose nozzle valve without a latch-open device shall be provided for dispensers used for dispensing liquid motor fuel, except that a nozzle valve with a latch-open device may be installed and used at the following automotive liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities:
  1. Full-service automotive liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities.
  2. Fleet automotive liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities.
  3. Dispensing of diesel fuel at self-service automotive liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities.
2306.7.6.1 Special Requirements for Nozzles
Where dispensing of liquid motor fuel is performed, a listed automatic-closing-type hose nozzle valve shall be used that incorporates all of the following features:
  1. When the flow of product is normally controlled by devices or equipment other than the hose nozzle valve, the hose nozzle valve shall not be capable of being opened unless the delivery hose is pressurized. If pressure to the hose is lost, the nozzle shall close automatically.
    Exception: Vapor recovery nozzles incorporating insertion interlock devices designed to achieve shutoff on disconnect from the vehicle fill pipe.
  2. The hose nozzle shall be designed such that the nozzle is retained in the fill pipe during the filling operation.
  3. The system shall include listed equipment with a feature that causes or requires the closing of the hose nozzle valve before the product flow can be resumed or before the hose nozzle valve can be replaced in its normal position in the dispenser.
2306.7.6.2 Control Device
A control device shall be provided that will allow a liquid motor fuel pump to operate only when the dispensing nozzle is removed from its bracket on the dispenser and the switch on the dispenser is manually activated. The flow of liquid motor fuel shall automatically stop when the switch is deactivated or the nozzle returned to its bracket.
2306.7.7 Leak Detection
Underground liquid motor fuel storage and dispensing systems shall be provided with a leak detection system in accordance with the following:
  1. The leak detection system shall provide continuous monitoring of the tank's interstitial space.
  2. The leak detection system shall provide continuous monitoring of liquid motor fuel pump sumps. Activation of the leak detection system shall cause shutdown of the liquid motor fuel pumps.
  3. The leak detection system shall provide continuous monitoring of dispenser pans. Activation of the leak detection system shall cause shutdown of the affected dispenser or liquid motor fuel pump supplying such dispenser.
  4. Primary discharge piping shall be provided with an automatic line leak detector. Activation of such leak detector shall cause shutdown of the liquid motor fuel pump or significantly restrict the product flow.
  5. The leak detection system shall have an alarm panel in a supervised location on the premises; trigger both an audible and visible local alarm; be capable of producing hardcopy printouts of all tests and/or leak notification reports; operate on low voltage; and be intrinsically safe for a liquid motor fuel environment.
  6. Leak detection systems shall be listed and approved.
2306.7.8 Gravity and Pressure Dispensing
Liquid motor fuel shall not be dispensed by gravity from tanks, drums, barrels or similar containers. Liquid motor fuel shall not be dispensed by a device operating through pressure within a storage tank, drum or container.
2306.7.9 Vapor-Recovery and Vapor-Processing Systems
Stage I vapor-recovery and vapor-processing systems, when required by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, shall be installed in accordance with FC2306.7.9 and the regulations of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, and shall be approved.
2306.7.9.1 Vapor-Balance Systems
Vapor-balance systems shall comply with the requirements of FC 2306.7.9.1.1 through 2306.7.9.1.5.
2306.7.9.1.1 Dispensing Devices
Dispensing devices incorporating provisions for vapor recovery shall be listed and labeled. When existing listed or labeled dispensing devices are modified for vapor recovery, such modifications shall be listed by report by a nationally recognized testing laboratory. The listing by report shall contain a description of the component parts used in the modification and the recommended method of installation on specific dispensers. Such report shall be made available for inspection by any department representative. Means shall be provided to shut down fuel dispensing in the event the vapor return line becomes blocked.
2306.7.9.1.2 Vapor-Return Line Closeoff
An approved method shall be provided to close off the vapor return line from dispensers when the product is not being dispensed.
2306.7.9.1.3 Piping
Piping in vapor-balance systems shall be in accordance with FC 5703.6 and 5704.2. Nonmetallic piping shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions. Vapor return piping shall be installed in a manner that drains back to the tank, without sags or traps in which liquid can become trapped. If necessary, because of grade, condensate tanks are allowed in vapor return piping. Condensate tanks shall be designed and installed so that they can be drained without opening.
2306.7.9.1.3.1 Removal of Piping
The owner shall be responsible for notifying the department, in writing, upon decommissioning of the piping in vapor-balance system. Such notification shall include the location of the facility and the name, address and telephone number of the contractor who performed the removal.
2306.7.9.1.4 Flexible Joints and Shear Joints
Flexible joints shall be installed in accordance with FC5703.6.9. An approved shear joint shall be rigidly mounted and connected by a union in the vapor return piping at the base of each dispensing device. The shear joint shall be mounted flush with the top of the surface on which the dispenser is mounted.
2306.7.9.1.5 Testing
Vapor return lines and vent piping shall be tested in accordance with FC2306.9.
2306.7.9.2 Vapor-Processing Systems
Vapor-processing systems shall comply with the requirements of FC 2306.7.9.2.1 through 2306.7.9.2.4.
2306.7.9.2.1 Equipment
Equipment in vapor-processing systems, including hose nozzle valves, vapor pumps, flame arresters, fire checks or systems for prevention of flame propagation, controls and vapor-processing equipment, shall be individually listed for the intended use in a specified manner. Vapor-processing systems that introduce air into the underground piping or storage tanks shall be provided with equipment for prevention of flame propagation that has been tested and listed as suitable for the intended use.
2306.7.9.2.2 Location
Vapor-processing equipment shall be located at or above grade. Sources of ignition shall be located not less than 50 feet (15 240 mm) from fuel-transfer areas and not less than 18 inches (457 mm) above tank fill openings and tops of dispenser islands. Vapor-processing units shall be located not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from the nearest building or structure or lot line.
Exception: Where the required distances to buildings or structures, lot lines or fuel-transfer areas cannot be obtained, means shall be provided to protect equipment against fire exposure. Acceptable means shall include:
  1. Approved protective enclosures, which extend at least 18 inches (457 mm) above the equipment, constructed of fire-resistant or noncombustible materials; and
  2. Fire protection using an approved water-spray system.
2306.7.9.2.2.1 Location and Safeguards
Vapor-processing equipment shall be located a minimum of 20 feet (6096 mm) from dispensing devices. Processing equipment shall be protected against physical damage by guardrails, curbs, protective enclosures or fencing. Where approved protective enclosures are used, approved means shall be provided to ventilate the volume within the enclosure to prevent pocketing of flammable vapors. Where a downslope exists toward the location of the vapor-processing unit from a fuel-transfer area, the commissioner may require additional separation by distance and height.
2306.7.9.2.3 Installation
Vapor-processing units shall be securely mounted on concrete, masonry or structural steel supports on concrete or other noncombustible foundations. Vapor-recovery and vapor-processing equipment is allowed to be installed on roofs when approved.
2306.7.9.2.4 Piping
Piping in a mechanical-assist system shall be in accordance with FC5703.6.
2306.7.10 Alcohol-Blended Motor Fuel-Dispensing Equipment
Dispensers, hoses, nozzles, breakaway fittings, swivels, flexible connectors, dispenser emergency shutoff valves, vapor recovery systems and pumps used in alcohol-blended motor fuel storage and dispensing systems shall be compatible with such fuels and shall be listed or approved for such purpose.

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